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CORNELL 

UNIVERSITY 

LIBRARY 




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U.S. War Department 
War Records Office 



The digiiol cIqJg were usd to 
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THE 



WAR OF THE REBELLION 



A COMPILATION OF THE 



OF F IC I ^ L Pf K C OR D S 



Ol- TUK 



UNION AND CONFEDERATE AMIES. 



fUBLISHEl) UNDEK THB DIRECTION OF 

The Hon. RXTSSEIiIi A. ALGER, Secretary of War, 
BY 

Ma.i. GEORGE W. DAVIS, U. S. Army, 
Mr. LESLIE J. PERRY, Civilian Expkut, 
Mr. .(OSEPH W. KIRKLEY, Civilian Expert, 

Board of PHblieaiioii . 



SERIES I— VOLUME LI— IN TWO PARTS. 
I' AIM' I-KEVORTS. UNION CORRESl'ONDENCE, KTC. 

Section 2 



WASHINGTON: 

eOVBBNMKNT FEINTING OFFICE. 

1897. 



/^^■■i^ ■ i-l'. 



\-r. 

\0 



\*77?J&P'^ 






char.lxm.) correspondence, etc. union. 735 

Hdqrs. Third Army Corps, Army of Virginia, 

Gulpeper Oourt-Eouse, Aupttst v, 18(12. 
Brigadier-General Bayard, 

Commanding Cavalry Brigade, Ten Miles from Culpeper : 
General : As yet the cointnandiug general is without auy definite 
rei)ort from you as to your position, &c. He therefore desires you to 
report immediately the strength present of your command; the situa- 
tion of your headquarters; the post of the Pennsylvania cavalry; the 
post of the New Jersey cavalry ; the position of your grand guard, line 
of pickets, reserve, &c. You are required to picket live miles east of 
the railroad, but as Colonel Duffl6 is now one mile east of the railroad 
you are so far relieved of attending to that part of the country 
in advance. The design of estafets is to facilitate communication 
between you and these headquarters. Posts at about three miles dis- 
tant, occupied by some live men each, furnish relays of carriers, and 
they enable prompt communication to be made without injury to horses, 
<Jtc. One man should have his horse always ready to go forward, and 
instructions should be given not to go at a greater speed than six miles 
an hour, unless in cases of emergency. 

"S'ery respectfully, general, your obedient servant, 

S. F. BARSTOW, 
[12.] Major and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ^ Headquarters Fifth Corps, 

> Gamp near Harrison's Landinq, Va., 

Iso. 106. ) August .9, 1862. 

******* 

6. Brigadier-General Seymour will detail a brigade of at least 1,500 
men to relieve the infantry command now at Coggins' Point, under 
Brigadier-General Butterlield. The command will be rationed for 
three days, fully supplied with anmumition, and will bivouac. Take 
none but shelter tents or anything which will encumber the command 
if required to march at short notice. Tlie brigade quartermaster will 
])rovide 400 axes for fatigue purposes. The command will embark 
tomorrow at 5 a. m. from the ordnance wharf. Transportation will be 
provided by the quartermaster's department. The commanding officer 
will receive from Brigadier-General Butterfleld the instructions for his 
guidance. Brigadier- General Butterlield on being relieved will return 
with his command to camp. 

******* 

By command of Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter: 

FEED. T. LOCKE, 

[11.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 

Hdqrs. Third Army Corps, Army of Virginia, 

Oulpeper, Va., August I), 1862. 
lirig. Gen. J. B. Ricketts, 

Commanding Division : 

By direction of the major-general commanding I send you a company 
of Harris Light Cavalry with instructions for you to send them out on 
the Madison Court-House road at least five miles in front of your 
division. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

ED. SCHRIVER, 
[12.] Colonel and Chief of Staff. 



73G MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT R. W., & W. VA. [('hap. LXni. 

Hdqrs. Thiud Army Cokp«, Aemy or Virginia, 

Avgvst 10, 1862. 
Bri gadier-Geueriil liiCKETTS, 

Commandinff Division : 

The major-general corainandiiig directs tliat you establisb a reliable 
line of pickets joiuiiig on to your next neighbor, and that you make, if 
possible, such an arrangement as will effectually prevent a stampede 
to-night. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

ED. SCHRIVER, 
[12.] Colonel and Chief of Staff. 



Spkcial Orders, ^ Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

[■ Gamp near Harrison^s Landing, Va., 

No. 108. ) August 11, 18(>2. 

1. In compliance with orders from headquarters Arm j- of the Potomac, 
Brigadier-General Seymour will at once euibark a brigade for Aquia 
Creek, from which place the officer in command will report to Major- 
General Burnside for duty. The commanding officer will at once send 
his quartermaster to Colonel Ingalls, chief of quartermaster's depart- 
ment, or Captain Sawtelle, assistant quartermaster, and arrange to 
embark his men. Four days' provisions will be taken. 

By command of Mai. Gen. F. J. Porter: 

FRED. T. LOCKE. 

[11.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Fifth Corps, 

August 12, isna. 
Brigadier-General Jackson, 

Commanding at Goggins'' Point : 

General: The commanding general directs that tht. six-gun bat- 
tery now with your command be returned to this side of the river, the 
shipment to take place as early as possible this evening, but no move- 
ment to be made until the darkness shall be sufficient to hide it from 
observation. The other guns will be retained in position, and the 
places left vacant by the withdrawal above ordered shall be carefully 
masked. The commanding general further directs that all the cavalry 
now with you, except an officer and fifteen men, shall be shipped in the 
same manner as above prescribed and at about the same time. Trans- 
portation will be provided for your use immediately after dark. Timely 
notice will be given of any further movement that mav be considered 
advisable. Meanwhile the commanding general desires that you will 
take every precaution to prevent any intimation of the changes herein 
ordered from becoming known even to persons in your own command. 
You will please destroy this letter and silently take the necessary 
measures, avoiding any accumulation of stores or property, and keep- 
ing your command well in hand for any emergency. The caissons of 
the remaining battery can be brought to a point on the plateau coiiven- 
ient to the lauding. The battery which crosses will report to Colouel 
Hunt. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. KIRKLAND, 

[11.] Captain and Aide- de- Camp. 



Chap.LXIII.] correspondence, etc. UNION. 737 

Hdqrs. Third Army Corps, Army of Virginia, 

Near Culpeper, Auqust 12, f802. 
Brig. Gen. (i. D. Bayard, 

Commanding Brigade : 
The major-general directs that you move your brigade (leaving the 
First Maine behind) to the rear of Duftie's regiment, who is pressed by 
the enemy on the Raccoon Ford road. 

Yery respectfully, your obedient servant, 

ED. SCHRIVEE, 
[12.] Chief of Staff. 



Falmouth, Va., August ]3, 186S—11 a. m. 
Maj. Gen. H. W. Halleck : 

Colonel Magilton, of the Second Brigade, Pennsylvania Reserves, 
has arrived at Aquia Creek — the First, Third, Fourth, Eighth, and a 
part of the Eleventh Regiments. I have ordered him to this place at 
once. 

A. E. BURNSIDE, 

[12.] Major- General. 



General Orders, ) Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

No. 11. ] August 11, 1862. 

Sykes' division will march at 7.30 p. m., taking the road through 
Charles City Court-House to Barrett's Ferry over the Chickabominy. 
Hunt's Reserve Artillery will follow Sykes'. Sykes will place a regi- 
ment in rear of Hunt's batteries. Sykes' wagons will follow the 
artillery. The artillery wagons will follow Sykes'. Morell's division 
will march at 9 o'clock. The wagons will follow the division. His 
leading brigade will guard the trains of artillery in advance of him. 
The whole command will halt at 12 o'clock and rest for two hours. At 
2 o'clock the leading division will march and follow verbal instructions 
from the commanding general. The other commands will resume the 
march at the same hour and be governed by verbal instructions. The 
commanding general will start with the last division and join the lead- 
ing division. Captain Kirkland, aide-de-camp, will provide guides. 

By command of Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter: 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 

[11.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



SPEf'iAL Orders, ^ Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

> Camp near Harrison'' s Landing, Va., 

No. 110. ) August IS, 1862. 

1. The brigade and the artillery of McCall's division, now on this side 
of the river, will embark for Aquia Creek on the Potomac, where they 
will report for duty to Maj. Gen. A. E. Buruside. 

2. Jackson's brigade, of McCall's division, and the artillery attached 
to it will receive orders hereafter direct from the headquarters of the 
Army of the Potomac. 

By command of Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter: 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 
[11.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 

47 R R — ^VOL Li, pt I 



738 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., &. W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

Special Ordeks, ) Hdqks. District of the Kanawha, 

No. 150. ] Flat Top Mountain, Atujust ]J,lSr,3. 

1. The First Provisional Brigade -will move to Camp Piatt, taking up 
its march at 3 o'clock to-morrow morning. The detacljment of Twenty- 
third Eegimeut at Pack's Ferry will thoroughly destroy all boats, large 
and small, in that vicinity, doing the same as secretly as possible after 
dark to-night. 

2. Colonel Moor, with the Second Provisional Brigade, will move to 
Ealeigh Court-House, starting at the time above ordered. At llaleigli 
he will leave the Thirty- seventh and Thirty-fourth Oiiio, and proceed 
to Camp Piatt with the Twenty-eighth, Simmonds' battery, and Schain 
beck's cavalry. Captain McMahan's company. Second Virginia Cav- 
alry, will accompany the Second Brigade and be under Colonel Moor's 
command to Kaleigh, and will there report to Colonel Siber, Thirty- 
seventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 

3. The whole movement will be conducted in the best order possible, 
and the destination will be concealed from all except ofHcers immedi- 
ately and necessarily obliged to be informed. Hach evening rations for 
the next day will be cooked, and the march will be commenced each 
morning at the same hour. Commandants of brigades will see that all 
possible means are taken to keep the columns well closed, to prevent 
straggling and make speed. 

• By command of Brig. Gen. J. J). Cox : 

G. M. BASCOM, 
[12.) Captain and Assistant Adjutant- Oeneral. 



Headquarters Army oi.' the Potomac, 

BerJcelei/, Aur/ust 15 * 1863—1.30 p. m. 
Maj. Gen. H. W. Halleck, 

Washington, J). C. : 
The advance corps and the trains are fairly started. I have nothing 
more in relation to reported advance of rebels via Jones' Bridge. Shall 
push the movement as rapidly as possible. 

G. B. McCLELLAN, 
[^■'^•J Major- General. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac 

No. 237. i Camp near Harrison's Landing, August 15, W62. 

* * * * # ' « # 

4. Maj. Gen. Israel B. Eichardson will resume command of his divis- 
ion, relieving Brig. Gen. George Stoneman, who will thereupon resume 
command ot the division of cavalry, and immediately report in person 
at these headquarters for special instructions. 

*****.■»« 
By command of Ma,jor-General McGlellan : 

S. WILLIAMS, 
Assistant Adjutant- General. 
[11.] 



* So in McClellan'B manifold dispatch l>ook, 1)iit in Halleck's telegrams-received 
book, it is dated August 16, and is so printed in Vol. XII, Part III, p. 578. 



Chap. LXin.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 739 

General Orders, ) Headquarters Fourth Army Goeps, 

No. 82. ] August 15, 1862. 

The troops will be immediately put in readiness to march, and will 
bo prepared to move at live minutes' notice. When the movement 
takes place it will be in the following order: First, the wagons of 
Peck's division, which are to accompany the column; second, Peck's 
division; third, the wagons of the Eeserve Artillery, which are to 
accompany the column ; Iburth, the Eeserve Artillery ; fifth, the wagons 
of Gouch's division, which are to accompany the column ; sixth, Gouch's 
division. On the march the wagons of each division will be preceded 
by an advance guard of one regiment. The utmost care will be taken 
to prevent the straggling of the troops, and no sick men will be allowed 
to fall to the rear. There is no water transportation for them, and all, 
without exception, must be kept up with the column. Division com- 
manders will detail an appropriate guard to accomplish this object. 
The headquarters of the corps will be established on the march at the 
rear of the leading (Peck's) division. 

By command of Major-General Keyes : 

C. 0. SUYDAM, 
Assistant Adjutant-General. 

fll.| 



General Orders, ) Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

No. 12. ) Camp at Barrett's Ford, Va., August 15, 1862. 

The command will march to-morrow in the following order: First, at 
3 a. m., Sykes' division, one brigade of which will constitute the guard 
to Hunt's artillery and wagon train. Second, at 4 a. m., Hunt's artil- 
lery. Wagon train of Sykes and Hunt will follow united in rear of 
Eeserve Artillery. At 9 a. m. a brigade of Morell's division will follow 
the Eeserve Artillery train. He will have prepared a brigade to march 
and march it at an earlier hour in case the trains preceding his com- 
mand shall have marched. When troops other than the advanced 
guard halt to rest they will be turned oft" the road and the train per- 
mitted to pass them. The command will march to Williamsburg, pro- 
vided other orders are not issued. 

By command of Maj. Gen. F. J, Porter: 

FEED. T. LOCKE, 
Assistant Adjutant-General. 

Headquarters Fourth Corps, 

In the Field, August 16, 1862 — 11.45 p. m. 

The corps moves to-morrow morning atdaylightiii the order of march 
to-day. General Peck will start his wagons ahead of his troops, so 
that the first wagon shall be on the road and on its way precisely at 3 
o'clock. General Peck will send in advance of the wagons a large 
pioneer force with discreet officers to repair the road. The route will 
be over the road running south where the small brook was seen by 
General Peck and General Emory today. 

By command of Major-General Keyes: 

C. C. SUYDAM, 
Assistant Adjutant- General. 

[11.! 



740 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXm. 

Headquaktebs Detachment Ninth Army Corps, 

August 16, 1862. 
Major-Geueral Pope, 

Commanding Army <\f Virginia: 
General: I hear that Brig-. Gen. II. G. Wright is uow in Washing- 
ton and anxious for a command. It would be very gratifying to me to 
have him assigned to the command of my old division. Will you apply 
for him? I sent one brigade to Cedar Creek last night; the rest of my 
command are now ready to start. I am waiting the return of Lieuten- 
ant Mackenzie, of the Engineers, who is to guide the command; also 
for General Buford. If he cannot get ready to-day I shall leave with- 
out him. 

1 have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. L. BENO, 
[12.1 Major-General. 



HEADyL'ARTEllS ARMY OE THE POTOMAC, 

. August 17, 1862 — ,'> x>- "*• 
General E. I). Keyes, 

Commanding Army Corps: 
The general commanding directs that you order General Peck to 
march his division with his train at daylight to-morrow morning, and 
send an officer to accompany Major Davis to select camps, and return 
to report to you before reaching tlie camp. General Franklin marches 
at the same time and General Couch will follow. It is important that 
General Peck should be prompt in starting. Major Davis, assistant 
inspector-general, is encamped near my tent where you saw me this 
evening. 

Very resi)ectfully, 

K. B. MAECY, 
[11.] Chief of .Staff. 



AnuusT 17, 1862— y.30 a. m. 
Major [Htjey]: 

Your note of 8.30 is received. Keep your position as long as you 
can. When compelled to fall back do it slowly, notifying the pickets 
on the first and second Long Bridge roads. I am at Mrs. Clarke's, and 
unless farther orders recjuire me, shall remain until p. m. Let me 
know if anything important occurs. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

A. PLEASONTON, 
111-] Uriyadicr- General. 

August 17, 1862. 
Major HuBY, 

Commanding Fickets: 

MAJOR: I shall move from this at 6 p. m., at which time you can 
draw in your pickets, or keep them out till dark, as you may think 
best. Bring in with yoa the squadron on the first Long Bridge road. 
Captain Gregg's squadron, on the second Long Bridge road I have 
directed to fall back on C'harles City at G p. m. and wait there until you 
come up. He will then join yon. Keep a squadron a mile or two to 
your rear as you follow on, and let there be vedettes and flankers in 



Chap. LXni.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 741 

rear of it. All roads coming in from the direction of the Chickahominy 
should be well watched. In case we stop for the night do not close on 
the column, but keep in rear at least two miles. I hope to be able to 
cross the Chickahominy to-night. If so, I will relieve you to-morrow. 
After passing Charles City Court-House send three of your squadrons 
longest on picket to join their regiments. "We take the road to Bar- 
rett's Ferry near the mouth of the Chickahominy. Mr. Ward, aide-de- 
camp, will hand you this. 
Very respectfully, 

A. PLEASONTON, 
[11. 1 Brigadier- Genera I, Commanding. 



Hdqes. Thied Army Corps, Army of Virginia, 

August 17, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. J. B. EiCKETTS, 

Commanding Division : 
General : The major-general commanding directs that your division 
retire by the road east of Cedai- Mountain and take up a position on 
the left of King's present camp. Your supply train will precede the 
column and be parked in the woods near the position which your 
division recently occupied, and which will be pointed out by the 
quartermaster. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

ED. SCHRIVEE, 
112.1 Colonel and Chief of Staf. 



Hdqrs. Third Army Corps, Army of Virginia, 

August 17, J^'6■^. 
Brig. Gen, E. King, 

Commanding Division : 
General: You will send a regiment of infantry to the front this 
p. m. with two days' cooked rations, for a term of armed service for two 
days, to take post at a point which will be indicated by a staff officer 
from these headquarters. This regiment to serve as a support for the 
regiment of cavalry which will be ordered to occupy the line of the Rob- 
ertson's and Kapidan Rivers, connecting on the right with General 
Sigel and on the left with General Reno. The regiment to march at 
5 p. m. 

Respectfully, 

S. F. BARSTOW, 
[12.1 Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Hdqrs. Third Army Corps, Army of Virginia, 

August 17, 1862. 
Colonel DuFFi6, 

Commanding Rhode Island Cavalry: 
Colonel : The major-general directs that you order in your regiment 
this side of Mitchell's Station. 
Very respectfully, &c., 

ED. SCHRIVER, 
[12.] Colonel and Chief of Staff. 



742 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chai.. LXIU. 

Headquauters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, August 17, 1862. 
Major White, 

Thirteenth Regiment retmsylvania davalry, 

Commanding Expedition to south of Fredericl; : 
Sir: You will proceed with yonr coiniuaiid by railroad to the inter- 
section of the Baltimore and Oliio Kailroad and the Baltiniore ana 
Frederick turnpike, where you will be met by Capt. W. T. l<aithlul, 
provost-marshal of Frederick, who will conduct you to the camp ot 
some 200 guerrillas, reported to be about sixteen miles south of */^''- 
erick. Should you find this report to be true, you will attack them, 
kill as many as possible, and break up the band. Having pertormea 
which duty you will return to this city and report. 
By command of Major-General Wool : _ 

WM. I). WHIPPLE, 
[12.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Suffolk, Va., August 17, 1862. 
(Via Fort Monroe, August 18—10 a. m. Keceived 4 p. m.) 
Maj. Gen. H. W. Halleck : 

Stonewall Jackson lias 125,000 men at least. He is fortifying 
between Louisa Court-House and Gordon sville. They knew a week 
ago of McClellau's movements on the Peninsula. It is their intention 
to whip Pope and move on to Washington. 1 have this from good 
authority. 

JOS. K. F. MANSFIELD, 
112.1 Major-General, U. S. Army. 



General Orders, ) Hdqrs. District of the Kanawha, 

No. 31. ) Gauley Bridge, Ya., August 17, 1862. 

1. Brig. Gen. J. D. Cox hereby turns over to Col. J. A. J. Lightburn, 
Fourth Virginia Volunteers, the command of this district. 

2. Commandants of all the forces in the Kanawha Valley not already 
ordered to accompany the commanding general out of the district will 
report to Colonel Lightburn for orders. 

3. Brigade Surg. George M. Kellogg will report for duty to Colonel 
Lightburn as medical director of the district. 

4. Commandants of the several posts now held will proceed immedi- 
ately to put such positions in the strongest defensive condition, so that 
they may serve as bases for active operations at any time. 

By command of Brig. Gen. J. D. Cox : 

G, M. BASCOM, 
[12.] Captain and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Topographical Engineers, 

Army of the Potomac, 
Camp near Williamsburg, August 18, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. S. Williams, 

Adjutant-General, Army of the Potomac: 
General: In reference to the inquiry as to the works in front of 
Williamsburg which should be destroyed, I have to report that if the 
three redoubts on the right of the line, commanding the road from 



Chap. LXIIL] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 743 

Allen's Landing or Wharf on James River (formerly King's Mill wharf), 
were destroyed or taken, the position could be tui'ned. But as these 
works are small (the faces being of forty yards) they could be rebuilt in 
a short time. A similar remark is applicable to the two redoubts near 
the left of the line, one of which commands the crossing of a deep mill 
pond, the other (the one taken by General Hancock), the road at the 
point of departure of a branch road which passes through woods to the 
rear of the main work. Fort Magruuer, the principal work, commands 
the main roads along James River and along York River leadijig to 
Williamsburg, which unite in one road near this fort, the two branches 
from these two roads being in like manner commanded by the redoubts 
previously mentioned. To make the destruction eifectual, therefore, it 
seems to me necessary to destroy all the works named. The parapet 
of Fort Magruder is nine feet thick, about six feet high, with ditches 
nine feet wide and probably nine feet deep, filled with water. The 
interior crest is about 600 yards long. 

I inclose a very imperfect photographic copy of a sketch exhibiting 
the position of Williamsburg, which is sulficiently correct for the illus- 
tration of the subject of this letter.* There is some error of scale in 
that part of it west of Williamsburg. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

A. A. HUMPHREYS, 
Brigadier-General Volunteers, Comdg., Topographical Engineers. 

Ill-] 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

No. 112. ) Gamp at Newport News, August 18, 1862. 

Morell's division will commence embarking tomorrow morning at G 
o'clock and continue embarking as rapidly as possible, the infantry 
from Newport News, the artillery from Hampton. As fast as a brigade 
has embarked, it will sail for Aquia Creek, where it will debark and be 
reported to Major-General Burnside by the division commander, or 
brigade commaTider if the latter be not present. If possible, at least 
two wagons will be taken with each regiment, brigade, and division 
headquarters. Two batteries of Hunt's reserve will embark at Hamp- 
ton after Morell's batteries, the guns, &c., going on the City of Norwich 
with those of Morel 1. These batteries will, on arrival at Aquia Creek, 
be reported as part of the Reserve Artillery. All will debark as 
rapidly as possible after arrival and the vessels directed to return and 
report to the quartermaster at Fort Monroe. With such of the wagons 
as cannot be transported a suitable officer will be left to bring them up 
as soon as transportation can be obtained. The artillery ammunition 
will be put in the schooners. 

By command of Mai. Gen. F. J. Porter: 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 

[11, J Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Hdqes. Third army Corps, Army of Virginia, 

August 18, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. George D. Bayard: 

You will concentrate the cavalry force of the corps, on the receipt of 
this, at the foot of Cedar Mountain, and you will be expected to notify 

* Sketch not found. 



744 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., Sc W. VA. (Chap. LXm. 

Colonel Allen, First Maine, of this order. Colonel DuflBiS is on outpost 
duty between the Cedar Mountain and the Rapidan. He has been 
ordered to join you at daylight, when, with the whole force, you will 
cover the rear of the column agreeably to general order of this date.* 

ED. SCHlilVEli, 
1 12. J Colonel and Chief of Staff. 

Hdqrs. Third Akmy Corps, Army of Virginia, 

August 18, 1862. 
Colonel Dnppi]i;: 

You will fall back, with your regiment, to the foot of Cedar Mountain 
in time to join by daylight on the 19th instant the cavalry of the corps, 
which is ordered to concentrate at the foot of Cedar Mountain, and 
report to Brigadier-General Bayard. 
By order of Major-General McDowell : 

ED. SCHRIVEli, 
[12.] Colonel and Chief of Staff. 



Hdqrs. Third Army Corps, Army of Virginia, 

August 18, 1802. 
Colonel DuFFlE: 

Send your baggage train under your quartermaster here, to Colonel 
Myers, and as soon as you are ready to move, proceed to the front oti 
the road which passes to the east of Cedar Mountain, and relieve the 
Harris Light Cavalry. On being relieved, the Harris Light Cavalry 
will proceed to their camp and make preparations for their movement 
to the rear. Keep the posts now occupied by Harris Light Cavalry 
occupied, unless you should be overpowered by a large force of the 
enemy. The infantry regiment now there will come in this evening. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
,^„ , ED. SCHRIVER, 

l^^-J Colonel and Chief of Staff. 

Hdqrs. Third Army Corps, Akmy of Virginia, 

August 18, 1862. 
Commanding Officer Harris Light Cavalry : 

On being relieved by Colonel Duffi6's regiment, you will repair to 
your camp and make preparations for a movement to the rear The 
regiment ot infantry now with you will come in late this eveniuff 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
.,„, ED. SCHRIVER, 

L-^"^-J Colonel and Chief of Staff. 

Hdqrs. Third Army Corps, Army of Virginia, 

r> ■ ^ r, T. .^ August 18, 1862. 

Brig. Gen. Z. B. Tower, Commanding Brigade: 

It is the order of the major-general commanding the army that, when 
the last railroad train shall have passed the bridge over Cedar Run, you 
cause it to be destroyed. Acknowledge the receipt of this order. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

ED. SCHRIVER, 
|12.] Colonel and Chief of Staff. 

' See Vol. XII, Part III, p. 598. 



Chap. T.Xin.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 745 

Headquarteks Detachment Ninth Army Corps, 

Cedn7- Creek, August 18, 1802. 
Ool. George D. Euggles, 

Asst. Adjt. Gen. and Chief of Staff, Army of Virginia: 
Colonel : I have the honor to report that the telegraph operator has 
not yet arrived. The cavalry expedition sent out yesterday has not yet 
returned, nor the infantry expedition sent to the top of Clark's Mountain. 
I have the honor to be, colonel, your obedient servant, 

J. L. RENO, 
Major- General, Commanding Detachment Ninth Army Corp». 
[12.] 



Fort Monroe, August 18, 1862—9 a. m. 
Major-General Halleck, General-in- Chief: 

Will leave this forenoon. It is blowing very hard. Porter's advance 
has arrived at Newport News. Everything was progressing well when 
I left the Ohickahominy last evening. Hear of no trouble this a. m. 
The remainder of Pennsylvania Reserves is here and in vessels, and will 
leave to-day for Aquia Creek. 

A. E. BURNSIDE, 
[113. J Major-General. 



Headquarters Detachment Ninth Army Corps, 

August 18, 1862. 
General Stevens, 

Commanding First Division : 
General: Start all your wagons immediately for Stevensburg. 
Have three days' rations cooked and be ready to move at a moment's 
notice. We are to fall back by Harnett's Ford, crossing the Rappahan- 
nock. After having made these arrangements, report to me in person. 
Very respectfully, 

J. L. RENO, 
[ 12. 1 Major- General. 



Headquarters Detachment Ninth Army Corps, 

August 18, 1862 — 11 a. m. 
Geiieral Stevens: 

If you can find a good place to command Raccoon Ford you had bet- 
ter put Benjamin's battery in position. Sup[)ort it strongly by infantry. 
The enemy are iu strong force in the rear of Clark's Mountain, extend- 
ing toward Raccoon Ford. Push forward your reconnaissance of tlie 
roads. The battery should not be nearer than one mile and a quarter. 
Very respectfully, vour obedient servant, 

J. L. RENO, 
[ 12. 1 Major- General. 



Headquarters Detachment Ninth Army Corps, 

Cedar Creek, Ya., August 18, 1862. 
General Buford, 

Commanding Second Cavalry Brigade: 

General: The infantry regiments are ordered to march at 10 o'clock 
fn.Tiiorht Ynn will follow them. You will send a couple of squadrons 



746 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIU. 

to Raccoon Ford by dark, with directions to obstruct the road leading 
up from the ford as much as possible. They will remain there until 
your column comes up, when you will make such disposition of them as 
you see fit. Two squadrons will be sent down along the road leading 
toward Germanna Mills, where they will remain and communicate with 
the advance column. We are ordered to cross at Barnett's Ford. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

EDWARD M. NEILL, 
112.1 Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Fort Monroe, August 19, 1862. 

(Received 1.30 p. m.) 
Major-General Halleck, 

Commander-in-Chief: 
General Porter is at Newjiort News. I go there at once. The weather 
is fine. We have an abundance of transports, and you may rely on 
most rapid movements. 

JOHN TUCKER, 
[12.J Assistant Secretary of War. 



Circular.] Headquarters FouRTn Corps, 

August 19, 1862. 

The Fourth Corps will move to-morrow morning in the following 
order: Couch's division, starting at 4.30 a. m., will be in advance; next 
the Reserve Artillery, following Couch's wagons, and last Peck's 
division. The wagons will be in rear of their respective divisions. 
General Peck will detail a rear guard of one regiment, and will start 
the head of his column at 6 a. m. 

By command of Major-General Keyes: 

L. J. HOWARD, 

[11. J Aide-deCamp, 



Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

Newport News, August 19, 1862. 
Major-General Moeell, 

Commanding Division : 
General: The commanding general desires me to say that he has 
received intelligence which makes it very important the command 
should reach Aqnia Creek and Fredericksburg as quickly as possible. 
He desires that you will not fail to make every exertion to get your 
cf mmand on board today. 

"\^ery respectfully, your obedient servant, 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 
[12. J Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Detachment Ninth Army Corps, 

Kelly's Ford, Va., August 19, 1862. 
Colonel RuGGLES, 

Assistant Adjutant-General and Chief of Staff: 
Colonel: I have the honor of informing you of my safe arrival at 
Kelly's Ford with six regiments of my command, with their baggage 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 747 

train; and I have every reason to believe that General Stevens, with 
the other six regiments and the cavalry, have arrived at Barnett's Ford, 
as he was several hours in advance. Kelly's Ford is an admirable one, 
and advantageously situated for defense, the hills on the north side 
commanding all the approaches, and a good road leads to Barnett's 
Ford on the north side, connecting the two fords, the distance being 
seven or eight miles apart. Our march was unmolested, the rebels not 
having made their appearance. Our wagon train got along admirably, 
every wagon having crossed before 10 a. m. Our pickets from Ger- 
manna Ford and below on the Rapidan report no movement of the enemy 
in their front. 

I have the honor to be, colonel, very respectfully, your obedient 
servant, 

J. L. RENO, 

[lli.J Major General. 



Hdqrs. Third Army Corps, Army of Virginia, 

August 19, 1802. 

Brig. Gen. E. King, 

Commanding Division : 
You will halt your command in the vicinity of this station and bivouac 
for the night, not making any permanent arrangements. The position 
of the corps will be on the right of General Banks and you will be on 
the left of Eicketts. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

ED. SCHRIVEE, 
Colonel and Chief of Staf. 
|]2.1 



Hdqrs. Third Army Corps, Army of Virginia, 

August 19, 1862. 

Brig. Gen. George D. Bayard : 

General : You Avill halt your command at Brandy Station and throw 
out large forces on the Eaccoon Ford, Somerville Ford, and Ger- 
manna Ford roads, picketing well in every direction. 
By command of Major-General McDowell : 

ED. SGHEIVER, 
Colonel and Chief of Staff. 
112.1 



(Baltimore, Md., August 19, 18G2.] 

Col. D. S. Miles, 

Harper'' s Ferry: 
The major-general commanding directs that the greatest vigilance be 
exercised by all the officers on the line of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail- 
road to prevent the breaking of the line of road or destruction of 
bridges. He also empowers you to countermand his order to Colonel 
Voss to recall his cavalry at Paw Paw if you deem it necessary. 

W. D. WHIPPLE, 
[12.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



748 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXm. 

Special Orders, ) Headquarters of the Army, 

i Adjutant-General's Office, 

No. 198. ) Washinffton, August 20, 1862. 



* 



• 



2. Brig. Gen. A. W. Whipple will remain on duty in couuection with 
the defenses of Washington. 

By command of Major-General Halleok : 

E. D. TOWNSEISTD, 
Assistant Adjutant- General. 

[12.1 



General Orders, ) Hdqrs. First Division, Third Corps, 

No. 44. ) Steamer Express, August 20, 1862. 

The destination of this division is Alexandria. On arriving there 
each brigade commander will encamp his brigade at some convenient 
place about two miles from the city between the Little River turnpike 
and the railroad. The men will be had in readiness to proceed by rail, 
but no troops will be moved without orders emanating from the divis- 
ion commander. Commanders of batteries will also encamp as pre- 
scribed for brigades, and will attend to the above instructions. 
By order of Major-General Kearny : 

J. B. MALLON, 
Actinq Assistant Adjutant-Oeneral. 
[12.] 



Headquarters Fourth Corps, 

August 20, 18(i2—l p. m. 
Major-General Peck: 

General: The major-general commanding the corps has been 
instructed to hold Gloucester Point. He therefore directs that two 
regiments from Emory's brigade be sent across without delay. The 
officer in charge will apply to Brigadier-General Van Aleu, commanding 
post, for means of crossing. 
By command of Major-General Keyes: 

C. C. SUYDAM, 
Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Falmouth, Va., August 20, 1802—2.04 p. m. 

(Received 4.20 j). m.) 
Maj. Gen. H. W. Halleok, 

Commander-in-Chief : 
General Stevens is at Barnett's Ford, and sent down for intrenching 
tools. We have none of any account. General Burnside has not 
arrived. 

JNO. G. PARKE, 
Major- General, Commanding. 



Chap. LXIII] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 749 

Hdqrs. Fibst and Second Divs., Ninth Akmt Corps, 

Kellifs Ford, August 20, 1862. 
Brigadier-General Stevens, 

Commanding First .Division, Ninth Army Corps: 

General: I am iastriicted by Major-General Eeno to direct you to 
move your command to this place to join him. 

I have the houor to be, general, very respectfully, your obedient 
servant, 

EDWARD M. NEILL, 

[12. J Captain and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Hdqrs. First and Second Divs., Ninth Army Corps, 

Kelly's Ford, August 20, 1802. 
Brigadier-General Stevens, 

Commanding First Division, Ninth Army Corps : 
General: If you think it necessary to leave a regiment until the 
troops from Fredericksburg arrive you can do so. 
Tery respectfully, yours, 

J. L. KENO, 
[ll'.J Major-General. 



Hdqrs. First and Second Divs., Ninth Army Corps, 

Kelly's Ford, August 20, 1862. 
Brigadier-General Stevens, 

Commanding First Division, Ninth Army Corps : 
General : General Eeno desires me to instruct you not to move your 
command to this place until to-morrow. If General Porter Las not 
arrived with his artillery, leave four of your light guns. 

I have the honor to be, general, very respectfully, your obedient 
servant, 

EDWAED m. neill, 
Captain and Assistant Adjutant-General. 
[12.J 



Hdqrs. First and Second Divs., Ninth Army Corps, 

Kelly's Ford, August 20, 1862. 
Brigadier-General Bufokd, 

Commanding Second Cavalry Brigade: 
General : I am directed by General Eeno to instruct yon as follows : 
You will leave one regiment of cavalry at Barnett's Ford and move on 
with your whole remaining force on the south side of the river up to 
this point, pushing out a reconnaissance in your front as far as you 
can. Your wagons may l)e sent up on this side of the river. You will 
leave a strong force at the forks of the road that leads to Germanna Ford. 
The main portion of your force will remain on the opposite side of the 
river from this point, which will be so arranged as to cover our front. 
General Bayard with five regiments of cavalry occupies Brandy Station, 
five miles from the Rappahannock on the railroad toward Culpeper. 
I have the honor to be, general,very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

EDWA.ED M. NEILL, 
[12.] Captain and Assistant Adjutant-General. 



750 M.D., E, N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXm. 

Hdqrs. Fibst and Second Divs., Ninth Army Gobps, 

Kelhfs Ford, August 20, 1862. 

Major-General Buford, 

Commanding Second Cavalry Brigade: 

General: You must be the Judge wlietber it is practicable to come 
here by the south side. I should lilie you to send some cavalry here 
this evening by the road on the nortli side. The enemy's cavalry 
(about a dozen) have been on the opposite side of the river and killed 
one of our pickets. A man just in from the Harris Light Cavalry reports 
that his regiment had been driven in by a very large force of cavalry 
this morning. I don't think they can be in very strong force in your 
front, if that is so. However, you will know more about that than 
myself, so use your own discretion. 

J, L. KENO, 

[12.1 Major-General. 



Hdqrs. Third Army Corps, Army op Virginia, 

August 20, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. J. B. Ricketts, 

Commanding Division : 
It is the order of Major-General McDowell that you do not fail to 
acquaint him as soon as possible if anything should occur to-night 
which it is proper for him to know. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

KD. SCHRIVEK, 
[12.J Colonel and Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Kailkoad Brigade, 

Earpcr^s Ferry, Va., August 20, 1862. 
Lieut. Col. W. I). Whipple, 

Assifitant Adjutant-Oeneral, Baltimore, Md.: 
Colonel: I have tlie honor to acknowledge receipt of the major- 
general commanding's telegraph of yesterday from Harrisburg, at Mar- 
tinsburg, and your telegraph relating to the same subject, on my return 
last night to this place. I telegraphed to Colonel Voss to leave the 
companies of his regiment at Paw Paw and return with the balance of 
his regiment to Martinsburg. You can assure the general commanding 
that the railroad is in no more danger now than at any prior period If 
it had not been strictly guarded it would have been destroyed. Guerrilla 
parties are all through the country headed by returned men from the 
rebel army. Their object seems [to be | to coUettt men, horses, arms do 
what damage they can to the Union men and the Government, and rejoin 
their regiments. Their numbers are greatly overestimated, and no fear 
need be apprehended of the destruction of any of the bridges at pres- 
ent. It IS very desirable that more cavalry should be at mv disposal 
than I now have control of, but I shall embrace the application in a 
separate communication. 

1 am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

D. S. MILES, 
[l-^-J Colonel Second Infantry. 



Chap. LXin.l CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 751 

General Orders, ) Hdqrs. Defenses of Washington, 

No. 1. i AYashuuiton, Auyust 20, 1862. 

I. In virtue of Special Orders, No. 190, from tlie Headquarters of 
the Army, dated at Wasliiufftou, August 19, 1801', Brig. Gen. J. G. 
Barnard assumes the command of the fortifications of Washington and 
troops assigned to the defenses. 

II. The fortifications and troops on the south side of the Potomac 
will remain under the immediate command of Brig. Gen. A. W. Wliip- 
ple ; those on the north side under charge of Lieutenant-Colonel Ilaskin, 
aide de-camp, through whom all orders will be transmitted and to whom 
commanding officers will make their usual reports, 

III. Capt. J. Brice Smith is announced as assistant adjutant-general 
to this command, and Lieut. T. M. Farrell, Fifteenth New York Volun- 
teers, as aide-de-camp to the general commanding. 

J. G. BAltNARD, 
Brigadier- General, Gommandinq Defenses of Washinr/ton. 
[12.] 

Heabqtjarteks Army of the Potomac, 

August 21, 1802. 
Lieut. Col. B. S. Alexander, Yorktown : 

General Keyes has been instructed to confer with you, and to furnish 
the necessary working parties to carry out your views with regard to 
the defense of Yorktown. He has also been instructed to send a bri 
gade of infantry to Williamsburg for a few days to cover this work, 
General Keyes to take the general command and control of these oper- 
ations. As soon as you have set the work going repair here in person, 
lea\ ing Lieutenant McAlester at Yorktown for the present to super- 
intend it. 

R. B. MARCY, 
[11. J Chief of Staff. 

Special Orders, ) Headquarters Fourth Corps, 

No. 100. ] August 21, 1862. 

I. Two regiments of Emory's brigade, Peck's division, will be placed 
temporarily in garrison at Yorktown. Brigadier-General Emory will 
take post in Yorktown, and will report as usual to his division com 
niander in all matters relating to the duties at Yorktown and Glouces- 
ter Point, which will be considered under General Emory's immediate 
command. He will report to the corps commander through Major- 
General Peck. 

By command of Major-General Keyes : 

OSWALD JACKSON, 

Aide-de-Camp. 

General Emory will at once designate the regiments and proceed to 
Y'^orktown without delay. 

[11-] 

Hdqbs. First and Second Divs., Ninth Army Corps, 

August 21, 1862. 
Col. James Nagle : 

Colonel: You will order your troops to be ready to move and 
report in person at these lieadquarters at once. The camps will not 



752 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. "W., & "W. VA. [Chap. LXm. 

be disturbed. You are to proceed to the south side of the river some 
tliree miles, to the support of a reconuaissance to be made by cavalry. 
Very resiiectfully, your obedient servant, 

EDWARD M. NEILL, 
[12.] Captain and Assistant Adjtttant-Generol. 



Hdqrs. Thied Army Corps, Army of Virginia, 

August ;J1, ISdii. 
Bi'igadier-General King, 

Commanding, &c. : 

General: In looking at the position of your troops this p. m., the 
maiorgeneral commanding regarded their order too much extended. 
It is therefore desirable and the general directs that you keep at least 
two of your brigades in reserve. General Pope thinks one brigade with 
artillery ought to be sufficient to guard the ford. One of the best 
should be used for this purpose and one of the best in reserve. The 
general noticed that all the four battalions of Hatch's brigade occupied 
the same general line. As it is the order of the Major-General-in-Ohief, 
Halleck, that every inch of ground shall be disputed with the enemy, 
it becomes necessary to make the disposition of your troops in such a 
way that only a part shall be engaged at the same time. As a general 
thing, which will admit of few exceptions, brigades should be drawn up 
in two lines, the second line being iu double column at half distance, 
so as to best enable them to take advantage of the undulations of the 
ground to screen the men from the enemy's tire. Major Tillson will 
see this evening or early tomorrow moruing that the two batteries 
received from Major-General Banks receive new ammunition. It is 
suggested that they be posted on the high ground which they tirst 
occupied this a. m., so they may shell the woods on the opposite side 
by tiring over the heads of our men. It is suggested by the major- 
general commanding the army that your howitzers and Napoleon 
batteries be jmt closer to the ford, so as to sweep it, should the enemy 
attempt to cross. The general endeavored to see you this ]). ra. on the 
subject of his communication, but failed to do so. Please write if there 
is anything which strikes you as unsuited to the position your division 
is to occupy. 

Very respectfully, general, your obedient servant, 

ED. SGHRIVER, 

[12-] Colonel and Chief of Staff. 



Orders, ) Hdqrs. Div. Pennsylvania Reserve Corps, 
No. 70. i Camp near Fredericksburg, Va., August 21, 1862. 

Pursuant to instructions from headquarters Fifth Army Corps the 
undersig-ned hereby assumes command of this division. (General Sey- 
mour IS assigned to the command of Reynolds' brigade. The following 
changes in the organization of the division are ordered- Meade's bri 
gade will be known as the First; Seymour's as the Second, and Jack- 
son's as the Third. The Eleventh Regiment, Colonel Gallagher, is 
assigned to the Third Brigade, and its commanding officer will' report 
to General Jackson. Commanders of brigades will cause the muster 
directed in paragraph 3, orders from the War Department, dated July 
31, 1862, to be made at once and the rolls forwarded as directed therein. 



Chap. LXIU.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 753 

Tbey will also cause to be read at the head of every repriment orders 
No. 154, headquarters Army of the Potomac, which will be strictly 
enforced by all commanders. At the same time they are reminded that 
all existing orders of the division are in full force until otherwise 
changed. 

JOHN F. EEYNOLDS, 
Brigadier- General of Volunteers, Commanding. 



Orders, ) Headquarters Eeynolds' Division, 

No. 71. ) Opposite Fredericlcsburg, August 21, 1862. 

The First Rifle Regiment, Pennsylvania Reserve Volunteer Corps, 
is hereby assigned to the First Brigade, General Meade; and its com- 
manding officer, Ool. II. W. McNeil, will report to Brigadier-General 
Meade. 
By order of Brigadier-General Reynolds : 

C. B. LAMBORN, 
Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 
[12.] 



Orders, ) Headquarters Reynolds' Division, 

No. 72. 3 Opposite Frederickshurg, August 21, 1862. 

I. The troops comprising this division will hold themselves in readi- 
ness to move at short notice. Wagons will be furnished for transpor- 
tation from the depot. But three wagons will be allowed to each 
regiment, of which two will be required to transport ammunition. 
The full amount of ammunition must be carried at all hazards. The 
surplus baggage may be placedrin store in Falmouth. 

II. The troops composing tliis division will be at once ordered under 
arms and take the road leading to Barnett's Ford, on the Rappahan- 
nock. The men will have three days' provisions in their haversacks, 
and officers three days' forage. As soon as the wagons which will be 
furnished to the regiments are loaded and the brigades ready to move, 
the brigade commanders will report to these headquarters. 

By order of Brigadier-General Reynolds: 

CHARLES B. LAMBORN, 
Acting Assistant Adjutant- General, 

[12.] 

Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, August 21, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. B. F. Kelley, 

Cumberland, Md. : 
General : You can, if you deem it absolutely necessary, send two 
of the regiments at Cumberland and New Creek, leaving Mulligan's 
regiment and battery at New Creek, to defend the pass of Cheat Moun- 
tain. Under your command you have over 5,000 men. Can you not con- 
centrate some parts of this force to defend the pass at Cheat Mountain ? 
It will hardly be safe to take any of the troops this side of Cumberland. 
They are distributed all along the road to the Relay House. 

JOHN E. WOOL, 
1 12.1 Major- General. 

48 R B — VOL LT, PT I 



754 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., &. W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

Wak Department, 
Washington City, August 21, 1802—9.20 a. m. 
To ALL Officers Commanding or in Charge of Troops belong- 
ing TO General Cox's Command, 

Parlersburg, Va. : 
You will ship your troops witliout a moiuent's delay as fast a.s trans- 
portation is furnished by the Baltimore and Ohio liailroad Company. 

P. H. WATSo:isr, 

[12.] Assistant Secretary of War. 



General Orders, ) Headquarters Kanawha Division, 

No. 1. ) Parkersburg, Ya,., August 21, 1S(>2. 

1. The First Provisional Brigade of this division, commanded by 
Col. B. P. Scammon, Twenty-third llegiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, 
will remain as announced in General Orders, No. 13, dated May 7, 1862, 
from headquarters District of the Kanawlia, with addition of Com- 
pany A, First Virginia Cavalry. 

2. The Second Provisional Brigade will consist of the Eleventh, 
Twenty-eighth, and Thirty-sixth Regiments Ohio Volunteer Infantry, 
Schambeck's company Illinois cavalry, and Simmouds' artillery, and 
will be commanded by Col. A. Moor, of Twenty-eighth Regiment Ohio 
Volunteer Infantry. The commandants of these regiments and com- 
panies will immediately report to Colonel Moor for orders. 

By command of Brig. Gen. J. D. Cox : 

G. M. BASCOM, 
Captain and Assistant Adjutant- Genera I. 
[12.] 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac, 

No. 241. ) Camp near Fort Monroe, Vu., August 22, 1862. 

3. At his own request. Brig. Gen. George Stoneman is relieved from 
duty with the Army of the Potomac, and will proceed to Washington 
and report to the Adjutant-General of the Army for orders. 

The brigades of cavalry will be respectively commanded by the 
senior officer of each present for duty. 

By command of Major-General McClellan: 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[11-] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters Fourth Corps, 

No. 101. ) Camp near Yorktown, August 22, 1862. 

I. The remaining regiments of General Emory's brigade now in this 
camp wiU join their camp above Yorktown this evening. 

II. Major-General Peck, commanding divisiou, will order one of the 
batteries of artillery attached to his division to proceed forthwith to 
Gloucester Point to report to the oflQcer in command there. 

* # # # # ^ ^ 

By command of Maior-General Keyes: 

OSWALD JACKSON, 
{^^'\ Aide-de-Camp. 



Chap. I.XIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 755 

Falmouth, August 32, 1862—12.20 a. m. 
Major-General McClellan, 

Fort Monroe: 
I guess we shall have no trouble to hold out for five or six days.* 

FITZ JOHN PORTEIi, 
[12.] Major-General. 



Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

Falmouth, August 22, 1862. 
Major-General Morell, 

Commanding Division: 

General: The commanding general directs that you be prepared 

to move on at a moment's notice in the direction of Kelly's Ford, under 

orders from this point, and to obey a call from that direction. Orders 

will be sent you in time should your command be required for support. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

FRED. T. LOOKE, 
[12.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters Fifth Corps, 

No. 116. ) Falmouth, Va., August 22, 1862. 

Brigadier-General Sykes will move his command as early as possible 
to-morrow morning and proceed to Deep Creek. He will encamp at 
that place or its immediate vicinity. He will hold himself in readiness 
to give support to the troops in front and to secure and protect the fords 
in that neighborhood. He will take with him as much provision as he 
can carry and drive beef on the hoof. 

By command of Maj. Gen. F, J. Porter: 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 

[12.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Eeserve Army Corps, 
Alexandria, Va., August 22, 1862 — 2.30 p. m. 
Col. G. D. Euggles, 

General Popeh Headquarters, Bappahannocic : 

Sir : I have directed Colonel Pierce, at Manassas, to send forward and 
guard the road strongly from Catlett's to Manassas, and to arrest all 
stragglers from your army. The railroad is now monopolized by Heint- 
zelman's division, so that it is impossible to send any from here. I think 
some of them will be off soon, and that may attain the end desired, but 
I will send him your telegram. 

S. D. STUEGIS, 

[lli.] Brigadier- General. 



Headquarters Eeserate Army Corps, 
Alexandria, Va., August 22, 1862 — 2.30 p. m. 
Colonel Pierce, 

Gonidg. Ttoelfth Pennsylvania Gav., Manassas Junction, Va. : 

Colonel: You will immediately place strong guards all along the 
railroad from Catlett's Station to Manassas. This is imperative. Guard 

* This in reply to McClellan to Porter, August 21, 10.40 p. ni., Vol. XII, Part HI, p. 615. 



756 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

the road to the best of your ability aud arrest all stragglers from 
General Pope's army. 

S. D. STUEGIS, 
[12. J Brigadier- General. 



Headquartbks Akmy of the Potomac, 

Fort Monroe, August S3, 1862. 
Maj. Gen. H. "W. Halleok, 

Commanding U. IS. Army, Washington, D. C. : 
In view of bis important services since the army reached Harrison's 
Bar, 1 respectfully recommend and urge that Col. K. Ingalls, chief 
quartermaster of this army, may be made a brigadier general of volun- 
teers or a brigadier-general by brevet in the Regular Army. The duties 
and position of Colonel Ingalls make it almost necessary that he should 
have this rank. 

G. B. McCLELLAN, 
[11. J Major- General. 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters Fourth Corps, 

No. 102. ) Camp near Yorktoion, August 23, 1862. 

II. The brigades of Generals Ferry and Wessells, with the artillery 
attached to Peck's division, with the exception of the battery now at 
Gloucester Point, will i)roceed tomorrow morning at daybreak to Fort 
Monroe and report to Major-General Dix, commanding Seventh Corps. 

By order of Major-General Keyes, commanding Fourth Corps : 

OSWALD JACKSON, 
[11-] Aidede-Camp. 

Alexandria, August 23, 1862—9.30 a. m. 
General Heintzelman, 

27S I Street: 
General Pope reports that the enemy has turned his right flank. He 
desires you to endeavor to keep open the railroad commuuication be- 
tween Cedar Run and the Rappahannock. General Halleck wishes you 
to mass the corps at Warrenton Junction, Catlett's, or Manassas, as the 
case may be, in the event of the railroad communication to the Rap- 
pahannock being interrupted. 

^„ , 0. McKEEVER, 

[I'^-J Chief of Staff. 

Office Chief Quartermaster, 

Second Corps, Army of Virginia, 

r^ ^ -o^ T, n ^Mf/WS^ 23, 1862 

Capt. B. B. Olmsted, 

Commanding Pioneer Corps, Second Division, Second Corps : 
Sir: By direction of Major-General Banks, you are instructed to 
open a road from Broad Run to Catlett's Station, cutting a straight 
road through all the woods wherever this can be done, and cutting off 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 757 

all stumps, making a good track for artillery and troops. You will also 
send a wagon and small party back to I'epair the crossing damaged by 
tbe rain. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. B. HOLABIRD, 
[12.] Colonel, Aide-deC'amp. 



Headqtiaeters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, August 2H, 1862. 
Maj. Gen. H. W. Halleck, 

Washington : 
A recent order from the Secretary of War directs me to send home 
the three-months' regiments, most of which expire on the 26th of this 
mouth. Unless replaced by other regiments the forts will be at the 
mercy of the rebels. Shall I replace them with regiments passing 
through this city to Washington?* 

JOHN E. WOOL, 
[12. J Major- General. 



Fort Monroe, August 24, 1862 — 1 p. m. 

(Received 1.45 p. m.) 
Major-General Haxleck : 

We have sea-going steamers here to take 13,000 of General Sumner's 
troops which are now embarking. A strong gale causes the detention 
of all other vessels. 

JOHN TUCKER, 
[12.] Assistant Secretary of War. 



Washington, 1). C, August 24, 1862 — 10 a. ?». 

Capt. Charles G. Sawtelle, 

Assistant (Quartermaster, or 
Capt. C. W. Thomas, 

Assistant Quartermaster, Fortress Monroe, Va.: 

Twenty or thirty canal boats or barges must be had at once at Aquia 
Creek to build a wliarf. There are none here which can be spared. 
Can you send any? If so, send them at once to Capt. C. L. West, 
assistant quartermaster, Aquia Creek. Let me know at once by tele- 
graph how many you can send. Any that you have loaded can be sent 
up with their loads. The necessity for them is urgent. 

D. H. RUCKER, 

[12. 1 Colonel, Quartermaster, &c. 



Fort Monroe, August 24, 1802. 

(Received 7.15 p. m.) 
Col. R. INGALLS, 

Chief Quartermaater, Army of the Potomac, Aquia Greek, Va. : 

I have sea going transports for about 13,000 men of Sumner's corps, 
which are embarking to-day. General Sumner says he shall not send 
any of them off until the whole corps is embarked. Nothing else can 

• For reply, see Vol. XII, Part III, p. 640. 



758 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S, W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

start to-day on account of the gale. Batteries are loading rapidly, but 
tlie schooners and small steamers must be kept in this harbor until the 
storm abates. 

C. G. SAWTELLE, 
[12.1 Captain and Assistant Quartermaster. 



Washington, D. C, August 24, 1862—11.09 a. m. 

Capt. C. B. Ferguson, 

Assistant Quartermaster, Alexandria, Va,: 

There will arrive at Alexandria to-day by water sixty tons ammuni- 
tion, which it is important should be sent forward immediately to 
General Pope's army. Please see that it goes forward without delay. 

D. H. EUOKEE, 

[12.] Colonel and Quartermaster. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Aquia, August 2-1, 1862 — 6 a. m. 
Major-Geueral Burnside, 
Major-General Porter, 

Falmouth, Va.: 
I have just reported to Halleck for orders.* What news have you? 
Come down and see me on the steamer City of Hudson. I remain here 
until I receive orders from Halleck. 

G. B. McCLELLAN, 
[12. J Major- General. 

Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

Falmouth, Va., August 24, 1862. 
Generals Morell and Sykes: 

Hold your present positions and keep a bright lookout at the fords 
and toward Rappahannock Station. Resist crossings, and if enemy 
succeeds in large force and presses, retire slowly this way. Keep me 
informed. 

F. J. PORTER, 

Major- General. 

General Parke is requested to push this to Sykes and Morell, and 
tell Sykes the intelligence from Rappahannock Station. 

F. J. P. 

[Indorsement.] 

General : I have read this and shall hold on at Deep Run. Can't 
you send me a platoon or company of cavalry? I want them for the 
side roads. 

Yours, G. S., 

[12.] Brigadier-General. 

Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, August 24, 1862. 
His Excellency E. D. Morgan, 

Governor of Neic Yoric, Albany, N. Y.: 

Sir : The Seventh Regiment New Tork State Militia will leave this 
city on Thursday next for New York to be mustered out of service. 

• See Vol. XI, Part I, p. 93. 



Chap. Lxrn.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 759 

Cau you not send me a first-rate regiment to take its place in the fort 
on Federal Hill? It is an important position for the defense of Balti- 
more. The term of service of the Seventh Regiment expires on the 
25th. The colonel consents to remain until the 28th at my request. 
Please answer. 

JOHN E. WOOL, 
[12.] Major-General. 



Headquaeteks Akmy of the Potomac, 

Aquia Greek, August 25, 1862 — 11 a. m. 
Major-General Buknside, 

Falmouth : 
Have you lieard anything from liappahannock Station, Kelly's Ford, 
or Porter's troops this morning? I will go out to Falmouth on 1 o'clock 
train to see you. 

G, B. McOLELLAN, 
[12.] Major- General. 



HEABQUAETERS AEMY OF THE POTOMAC, 

Aquia, [August] 35, 1862, 
Maj. Gen. E. V. SUMNEE, 

Commanding Second Corps : 
General McClellan directs that you send forward your troops as fast 
as they embark and not wait for all to embark before sending any. 
Send them to this place. 

A. V. COLBUKN, 
[12.] Assistant Adjutamt- General. 



Falmouth, August 25, 1862. 
Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter: 

Until Sumner's troops arrive it would be well to hold the fords with 
an ample force. You are now iu connection with Pope, and, no doubt, 
can get what cavalry you want. When you can dispense with the 
three companies of Indiana cavalry, please send them back. We will 
send up the forty wagons with provisions for Morell and GrifiBn; have 
sent down to Aquia for wagonload of hospital stores; will send them 
with supply train if they arrive. The wagons and ambulances will be 
sent out as they arrive with the direction you request. All quiet here. 
Your dispatches all received, and your disposition of troops is all right. 
You state that Keno is expected to pass to your left. To what point is 
he to go ? 

A. ]■:. BUKNSIDE, 

[12. J Major- General. 



Falmouth, [August] 25, 1862 — 11.05. 
Oapt. 0. G. Sawtelle, 

Assistant Quartermaster, Fort Monroe: 

The commanding general desires that you will now use all your 
means of transportation in forwarding cavalry wagons and mules. 
Keyes' corps to wait for the present. 

S. WILLIAMS, 

1 12. 1 Assistant Adjutant- General. 



760 MD., E. N. C, PA.., VA , EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. Lxm. 

Headquarters First Division, 
Gamp near Warrcnton Jujiction, August 25, 18G3 — 12 m. 
[General Birney:] 

General: You will employ all the Second Pennsylvania Cavalry 
which I yesterday sent to the front for your purposes. The main party 
toward theliappahannock bridge should be at least fifty to sixty men; 
the rest in small patrols, ])rotecting our advance<l infantry from being 
surprised. Two horsemen should be with all advanced outposts as 
messengers and some few (two to five) constantly moving between 
points from front to rear. The regiment at Bealeton Station is rather 
an ambush party (as against strong bodies). The troops in front, on 
the contrary, are intended to " impose," and should so move about as 
to represent numbers. It seems to me that Elkton is a d.ingerous 
point, and should be watched. A force of some 2,000 or 3,000 men try- 
ing to get in your rear from that point should be surprised by you with 
a flank attack. 

Eespectfully, yours, 

PH. KEAENY, 
Major- General, (JommandirKj. 

P. S. — Keep the Twentieth Indiana, but if the Eighty-seventh New 
Yoi k or Sixty-third Pennsylvania Volunteers come along send them 
back to General liobinson. 

[12.] 



Headquarters First Division, 
Near Warreiiton, Va., August 25, 1802. 
Col. Butler Price, 

Second Pennsylvania Cavalry: 

Colonel: Your principle of action will be to patrol heavily in the 
daytime and rest your horses at night. At night organize your men 
to act on foot with their carbines. As General Robinson, whom I have 
placed in immediate command, delegates, Colonel Kane, of the Buck- 
tails, will take charge on the Catlett side. You will concert with him 
as to a system of night defense. 

Patrols.— Le.\, your parties be of 50 to 100 horse. The distant ones 
about ]00. These should go on main lines of direction and forward at 
least five miles, halting at cross-roads and there sending out small 
patrols or scouts to go two or three miles rapidly and return. The 
small guerrilla parties are to be expected from the west and northwest: 
the more serious (but less probable) attacks from the southeast via 
Weaversville and that vicinity. This day please to send out 100 horse 
by Bealeton, thence to Elkton, and then by byroads to Weaversville 
At J'.ikton send out small detachments to all points. Start shortly' 
Our infantry is at Bealeton, with parties in all directions. In case of 
finding the enemy in force report at once to the regiments at Bealeton 
and to General Birney. 

PHIL. KEARNY, 
Major- General, Commanding. 
General Birney : 

General: The above is a copy of instructions sent this morninff to 
Colonel Price. 

Resi)ectfully, G. W. MINDIL, 

fi2.] Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Chap. Lxni.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 761 

Special Orders, ) Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

No. 118. ) Deep Creel; Va., August 35, 1862. 

I. Sykes' division will marcb at 5 a. m. to morrow to vicinity of Eap- 
paLannock Station. Warren's brigade will join the division. 

II. Morell's division will uiarcb at 5 a. m. to morrow to vicinity of 
Kelly's Ford and camp under cover from tbe enemy's Are on opposite 
bank of liappabannock. Griffin's brigade and one battery will remain 
for tbe present at Barnett's Ford. 

III. Each division will hold the ford in its vicinity, keep watch over 
adjacent fords, and strike tbe enemy if be attempt to cross within reach. 
With the aid of the cavalry at the fords they will keep up connnumca- 
tion with each other and these headquarters, the location of which will 
be given in time from day to day. 

By command of Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter: 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 
Assistant Adjutant- General. 
112.J 



Adjutant-General's Office, 

August 25, 1862—4.35 p. m. 
Col. W. G. Ward, 

Twelfth Neio York Militia, Harper^s Ferry, Ya. : 

The Secretary of War accepts the offer of your regiment to remain 
until September 1. 



[12.] 



E. D. TOWNSEND, 
Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, August 25, 1862. 



Governor E. 1). Morgan, 

Albany, N. Y. : 
Sir : I have received your dispatch. Colonel Porter, with his regi 
ment, having arrived just before I received it, I have promised him 
the position on Federal Hill. I require, however, for other important 
positions, four other regiments, and shall be glad if the State of New 
York could supply them. 1 will endeavor to take good care of tLem. 

JOHN E. WOOL, 

Major -General. 
[12.] 



Warrenton Junction, August 26, 1862. 

(Received 1 p. m.) 
Maj. Gen. H, W. Halleck, 

General-in- Chief: 
Our animals are suffering and getting badly out of condition for 
want of forage. 1 should be glad if the forwarding of supplies could 
be expedited. 

JNO. POPE, 
Major-General. 

[12.J 



762 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXHI. 

HeADQUARTEES PlBST DIVISION, 
Gamp near Licking Creek, August 26, 1862—9.40 a. m. 
General Birney, 

Second Brigade: 

General : The general commanding division directs [that] you move 
forward one of the regiments at Bealeton to the side of the advanced 
Maine regiment, so as to cover a greater extent of ground, at the same 
time advancing one of your regiments from the rear to Bealeton to sup- 
ply its place. In the direction of Elkton you are pretty secure, as the 
outposts of Poe's brigade extend to the place, Poe having a regiment 
on the dirt road between his camp and Elkton. In case of attack you 
will fight the enemy near the river well to the front. A section of 
Eandolph's battery will be posted with the detachment at Bealeton. 
You can use it to the frout. The cavalry squadron will report to you 
as desired. Keep them well in a body to resist crossing. If small 
parties of the enemy cross, ambush and surround them. You will 
please inform these headquarters what regiments have been sent to 
the front. 

Eespectfully, 

G. W. MINDIL, 
Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 

[12.J 



Hdqrs. Third Army Corps, Army of Virginia, 

August 26, lti6i'. 
Brig. Gen. J. B. Eicketts, 

Commanding Division : 

General: Eetrace your steps and occupy your position on the 
Waterloo road with your division. 
By command of Major-General McDowell: 

ED. SCHEIVEE, 

[12.] Colonel and Chief of Staff. 

Special Orders, ) Headquarters Fottrth Corps, 

No. 105. ) Camp near Yorktoun, August 26, 1862. 

1. Major-General Peck will resume the charge of the work on the 
fortifications at Yorktown, paragraph 7, Special Orders, No. 104, from 
these headquarters, being hereby annulled. 

By command of Major-General Keyes: 

OSM^ALD JACKSON, 
1^ J Aide-de-Camp. 

Hdqrs. Third Army Corps, Army of Virginia, 

D ■ T ,, IT, August 26, 1862. 

Brigadier-General Btjford, ' 

Commanding Cavalry : 

By direction of the major general commanding, a regiment of cavalry 
will be detailed from your comman<l to report to him at Waterloo 
Very respectfully, your obedient servaut, 

S. F. BAESTOW, 

y^^-i Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Ohap. LXni.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 763 

Headquabteks Army of the Potomac, 

Alexandria, Aumtst 27, \1862.] 
Maj. Gen. E. D. Keyes, 

Commanding Fourth Corps, Yorktown : 
The general commanding directs that you send Couch's division, as 
soon as transportation can be had, to Aquia Creek, to report thence by 
telegraph to these headquarters near Alexandria. The general directs 
that you remain, for the present, at Yorktown, to direct the organiza- 
tion and discipline of the 5,000 new troops now being sent there. 
By command of Major- General McClellan: 

S. WILLIAMS, 
Assistant Adjutant-General. 
[11.] 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Alexandria, August 27, 1862. 
Lieut. Col. H. BiGGS, 

Chief Quartermaster, Ninth Corps, Aquia Greek : 
The general commanding desires that you will hurry forward Captain 
Norris and the Second Cavalry as soon as they arrive. Every man of 
the command is greatly needed here at once. 

S. WILLIAMS, 
Assistant Adjutant-General. 
[12.] 



Warrenton Junction, August 27, 1862. 
General Burnside, 

Falmouth, Va. : 

A dispatch to me was lost by an orderly. If anything of much 
importance Las been sent would like it repeated. I leave in the morn- 
ing for Greenwich to aid in protecting the line of retreat, which is now 
threatened. Would that I were out of this; I don't like the concern. 
I think there is no cause for alarm here or anywhere, except for Wash- 
ington. Communication should at once be opened from Alexandria. 
No eftbrt to do so is being made from here. The reliance is upon Alex- 
andria. 



12.1 



F. J. PORTER, 

Major- General. 



Hdqrs. Third Army Corps, Army of Virginia, 

August 27, 1862. 
Brigadier-General Reynolds, 

Commanding Division : 
It is the order of Major-General McDowell that you will move on 
your own division to a point where our headquarters are, and rest here 
until further orders. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

ED. SCHRIVER, 
Colonel and Chief of Staff. 
[12.] 



764 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXHI. 

Headquaeters, 
Harper's Ferry, August 27, 1862. 
Lieut. Col. William D. "Whipple, 

Assistant Adjutant- General, Baltimore, and 

Adjutant-General, 

Wa^Mn^ton : 
Express has just reached me that about 150 of the enemy's cavalry 
surprised and captured Captain Means' company of Loudoun Eangers 
at Waterford, Va. (about fourteen miles southeast of this), this morning 
at daybreak. Means' company varied in strength — sometimes about 
sixty and other times not over thirty — without discipline. Most of my 
cavalry (three small companies) now out on the Winchester road. This 
force of the enemy can cut the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad at I'oint of 
Rocks or Berlin, there being but one company of infantry at either place, 
I am, sir, &c., 

D. S. MILES, 
[12.] Colonel Second Infantry, 

Headqtjaetebs Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, August 27, 1862. 
Col. D. S. Miles, 

Commanding at Harper's Ferry, Va. : 
Colonel: You will send a force to Point of Rocks with two pieces 
of artillery immediately. I sent you two strong regiments and six 
pieces of artillery. I will send you another regiment in the course of 
the day. 

JOHN E. WOOL, 
[12.] Major-General. 



Headquarters, 
Harper's Ferry, August 27, 1862. 
Major-General Wool, 

Baltimore : 
Two citizens from Lovettsville, a few miles this side of Waterford, 
report 1 lieutenant and 4 men wounded, the officer mortally. Captured 
n men and parolea them. They did not know how many guerrillas 
there were, but that as soon as the fight was over they got wagons and 
commenced packing them with the carbines and clothing captured. 

D. S. MILES, 
[12.] Colonel Second Infantry. 

Headquarters, 
Harper's Ferry, A m/ust 27, 1862. 
Lieut. Col. William D. Whipple, ' 

Assistant Adjutant- General, Baltimore, Md.: 
Sir : I telegraphed to you this morning the capture of Captain Means' 
company, surprised, so the young man from there informed me, while 
sleeping in a church at Waterford, Loudoun County, Va., fourteen 
miles southeast of this, by about 150 rebel cavalry. Means' company 
lately raised, without discipline, has committed all kinds of depreda- 
tions on the inhabitants, living on them, taking what he pleased and 
when it suited him, until the arrival of liis men in any vicinity was a 



Chap. LXIII] COEEESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 765 

dread and terror. This company was never placed under my command 
or I shoiild have removed him from Loudoun County long since. In 
my last interview with him 1 warned him, from the loose, straggling 
manner he encamped and marched, he would be surprised and cut to 
pieces. The number of the enemy may be exaggerated; if true, it may 
turn out to be the left wing of Lee's army. What cavalry I have here 
iiie in the saddle for Berlin, the nearest crossing-place to Watertord, to 
ascertain the damage done to Means, and to protect the Baltimore and 
Ohio Bailroad ; also to penetrate as far into Virginia as prudent, to gain 
information. Tliere is no force on the Baltimore and Ohio liailroad 
from here to Point of Eocks to resist an attack of a large body of men; 
one company at Sandy Hook, one at Berlin, one at Point of Eocks, and 
another ten miles soutli at Edwards Ferry, belonging toMaulsby's regi- 
ment of Maryland Potomac Home Brigade. If the enemy is in force lie 
can cross the Potomac anywhere. The small force of cavalry at my 
disposal, by constant hard work, is nearly broken down. I this moment 
received a dispatch from Means that he escaped from Waterford; that 
he was attacked by 500 guerrillas. For the last two days I have sent 
by the train on the Winchester railroad a company of infantry, and it 
has passed through unmolested. General White has just telegraphed 
that it is probable the train will be attacked to day. I shall, however, 
risk it, believing one company in cars ought to whip a regiment of cav- 
alry on horseback. I have now on the Winchester railroad one small 
regiment (Eleventh New York State Militia), wliose time of service 
expires to-morrow, distributed as follows: Four comi)anies at Charles- 
town, one at Cameron, one at Summit Point, and two at Opequon bridge. 
To keep the road open and admit the passage of cars with safety will 
require two regiments of infantry and one of cavalry, under present 
aspect of affairs. 

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

D. S. MILES, 
[12.j Colonel Second Infantry. 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, August 27, 1862. 
Col. D. S. Miles, 

Commanding at Harper'' s Ferry: 

You can certainly guard the Wiuchester road. None of the three- 
months' militiamen will leave your command without orders from these 
headquarters. 

JOHN E. WOOL, 

1 12. 1 Major- General. 

Headquarters, 
Harper's Ferry, August 27, 1862. 
Lieut. Col. William D. Whipple, 

Assistant Adjutant-General, Baltimore, Md. : 
Sir: The general commanding's telegraph received sufBciently early 
to reply by mail. I have ordered and will leave here at 1 p. m. to-day 
200 men under a field officer of the Eighty-seventh Ohio State Militia, 
and two 12-pounder smooth-bores, with a detachment from Captain 
Graham's company, with four days' rations. I have sent Captain Cole 
with about 100 cavalry to Waterford to get information of the enemy. 



766 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXni. 

Five of Means' men, who were not sleeping with the company at the 
church, just arrived, and report that they know of some of their men 
who were wounded; that about fifty of JMeans' company were in the 
church, and when they left were still fighting. The general states 
he has sent me two strong regiments. I have received but one, and the 
men belonging to it never had a gun in their hands until the boxes 
were opened imd muskets issued to them yesterday; nor does an olli- 
cer of the command (except of two companies), as the colonel reports, 
know how to drill or anything about the drill. I have detailed, or 
rather they volunteered, four officers and four non-commissioned offi- 
cers from the Twelfth and Twenty-second New York, each to instruct 
the companies of this regiment in the manual of loading. 
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

D. S. MILES, 
112.1 Colonel Second Infantry. 



Point of liocKS, August 27, 1862 — 7 a. m. 
Col. D. S. Miles: 

Three of Captain Means' men are at my place. Their statement is 
that at daybreak this a. m. Captain Means and [company] were attacked 
by some fifty guerrillas in the town of Waterford. They give no informa- 
tion of the result of the attack. Will notify you if anything reliable 
received. 

E. C. BAMFORD, 
Captain, Gomdf/. Company JI, \First\ Potomac Home Brigade. 

[12.1 



Near Waterford, August 27, 1862 — a. m. 
General D. S. Miles: 

I am attacked by at least 500 guerrillas. They will kill all if I can- 
not get help. Let me know. 

S. C. MEANS, 
[12.] Captain, Commanding. 

Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, August 27, 1862. 
Col. A. Yoss, 

Martinsburg, Va. . 

Colonel: You will keep up an active vigilance and look out for 
guerrillas and see that they do not interfere with the railroad 

JOHN E. WOOL, 

[l-^-J Major-General. 

Alexandria, August 28, 1862 — KKdo a. m. 

,^ . ^ , „ (Received 11.20 a. m.) 

Major-General Halleck : 

Piatt's battery (regular), Slocum's division, have arrived and nearly 
disembarked. One squadron Second Cavalry disembarked; another 
comj)any disembarking now. 

GEO. B. McCLELLAN, 
[^-•] Major-General. 



Chap. LXm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 767 

AlexaNDEIA, August 38, 1862—10.30 a. m. 
Major-General Btjknside, 

Falmouth : 
Kebel cavalry at Leesburg yesterday p. m. Jackson in direction of 
Middleburg. Have nothing from Pope or the front to-day. Give me 
state of affairs with you. liebel cavalry are between you and Alexan- 
dria. Can yon communicate with Pope or Porter'? If so, do so and 
inform me result. Am anxious. I am very badly off for cavalry and 
artillery. Answer. 

GEO. B. McOLELLAN, 
[12.] Major- General. 



AUGUST 28, 1862—1.05 p. m. 
General Whipple, 

Arlington : 
What garrison and guns in Fort Buffalo? I think it ought to be 
strongly occupied, and that any disposable cavalry should watch 
Vienna and Falls Church. Make the best arrangement you can as to 
Falls Church and please reply at once in regard to Fort Buffalo. 

GEO. B. McCLELLAN, 
[12.] Major-Oeneral. 



Headquarters Aemt op Virginia, 
Bristoe Station, August 28, 1862 — 5 a. m. 

Maj. Gen. Fitz John Porter, 

Commanding Fifth Corps: 
General: Major-General Pope directs me to say that General 
Hooker reports his ammunition exhausted. General Pope desires, 
therefore, that you come forward with your command at once witli 
all possible speed, and that you send back to hurry up your ammu- 
nition train. 

I am, general, your obedient servant, very respectfully, 

GEORGE D. liUGGLES, 
[12.] Colonel and Chief of Staff. 

Hdqes. Third Army Corps, Army of Virginia, 

August 28, 1862. 
Col. A. ISI. DuFFl6, 

First Rhode Island Cavalry: 
The general commanding is disappointed at not hearing anything 
from yon. If you do not see any enemy, the general wishes you to 
repair to the front, where your regiment can be of service. Eeport by 
return messenger without fail. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

ED. SCHRIVEE, 
[12.] Colonel and Chief of Staff. 

Harper's Ferry, August 28, 1862. 
Major-General Wool, 

Baltimore, Md.: 
Reports from my scouts and information from citizens confirm me in 
the belief that rebel cavalry has largely increased in number to-day at 



768 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Ckat. Lxm. 

Berryville and in Loudoun County. 1 shall have to contract my lines 
on to-morrow, owing to my cavalry being fagged out, and I shall expect 
the troops on the Winchester road to be driven in any moment. The 
time of the Eleventh New York State Militia on the Winchester road 
expired to-day. The regiment is desirous of discharge. 

D. S. MILES, 
[12.1 Colonel Second Infantry, Commanding. 



Headquabters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, August 28, 1862. 
Col. B. F. Davis, 

Eighth New York Cavalry, Belay House : 

Colonel: Have your regiment ready to start for Harper's Ferry by 
Saturday at the latest. 
By command of Major-General Wool : 

W. D. WHIPPLE, 

[12. J Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Camp near Alexandria, August 29,1862 — 8 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Barnard, 

Washington : 
Tyler has some forty siege guns under his charge. Consult with him 
as to the best disposition to be made of them. 

G. B. McCLELLAN, 
[12.] Major-General. 



Headquar'j'ers Army of the Potomac, 

August 29, 1862—5.40 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Casey, 

Washington, D. C: 

You will hold your command in readiness to move, but wait until fur- 
ther orders before moving them. 
By order: 

A. V. COLBURN, 

[12.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Gamp near Alexandria, August 30, 1862 — 12 m. 
Brigadier-General Barnard, 

Washington, D. C. : 
In consequence of the report made to me by Lieutenant- Colonel Webb 
who has just completed an inspection of the works from Ethan Allen 
to Pennsylvania, I recommend as follows, viz: That at least ten well 
instructed artdlerymen and an officer from the Second Pennsylvania 
Artdlery be sent to Battery Vermont, and at least ten artillerymen 
belonging, respectively, to the same companies, with the officers now sent 
from the Second Pennsylvania to Battery Cameron and Fort Gaines be 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 769 

sent to these two works. That Captain Ellis be held responsible for the 
(lestrnction of Chain Bridge shovtld the necessity arise, and that he be 
provided with hay and tar for that purpose. 

G. P>. McCLELLAN, 
1 12. 1 Major- General, 



Headcjuabtetis Abmy op the Potomac, 

Camp near A lexandria, Auf/ust .v«, ],H(J2. 
Maj. Gen. 1). N. CoxTCH, 

A lexandria : 
Tlie general commanding: directs that you immediately disembark the 
regiment which has arrived and encamp it a short distance beyond the 
town, on Little River turnpike, prepared to move to front at moment's 
notice. Please report what part of your division you expect this after- 
noon and during to-night and when you expect to have the whole up. 
Use every exertion to land and encamp your troops, and have them 
ready to move as fast as they arrive. 
By command : 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[12. J Assistant Adjutant- General. 



QUARTEBMASTEU'S DEPOT, 

Alexandria, Va., Augnst SO, 18/13. 
General Williams, 

Assistant Adjutant- General, Headquarters: 

One regiment only is disembarked and thrown forward, and others 
will be if they can do it for us to night. One brigade only has arrivea. 
1 shall do all I can.* 

1). N. COUCH, 

[12. J Major- General. 



Headquarters, 
[August] .HO, 1862. 
Colonel Haupt: 

There has been heavy and rapid firing in the direction of Fairfax for 
some time. I have sent out to ascertain what it is. I thought perhaps 
you might learn something by telegraphing to the front. 

GEO. B. McCLELLAN, 
1 12. 1 Major- General. 



[August 30,1 18G2. 
General G. B. McOlellan : 

We have not noticed any firing this morning. Persons about station 
of whom I inquired have not heard it. My trains were started at 4.30 
a. m. A courier came in from General Pope last night; he was at 
Centerville; the information was that Hooker was pushing the enemy 
toward the mountains and McDowell and Sigel cutting off his retreat. 
I understood that the parties had been sent to you. Dispatches from 
Pope by courier have gone to Washington. 

H. HAUPT. 

[12.] __ _ 

* This in reply to Williams' dispatch of 10.10 p. ni., Vol. XII, Tart III, p. 751. 



770 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIH. 

Quartermaster's Depot, 
Alexandria, August 30, 1862. 

Captain Eozapt, 

Ordnance Officer, General Pope's Headquarters: 
Oue hundred and fifty tons of ammunition are now loading on cars 
for General Pope's army, to stop at Fairfax Station. Send teams to 
receive it. All the wagons we have will be loaded and started for Oen- 
terville by road. Five hundred tons of ammunition is expected from 
the arsenal, which will be forwarded without delay. 

C. B. 1) XilivTU oC/-W, 
n2.1 Captain and Assistant Quartermaster. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Camp near Alexandria, August 30, 1862. 

Capt. C. B. Ferguson, 

Assistant Quartermaster, Alexandria: 
Seventeen headquarters wagons are now going in to take out reserve 
ammunition to Franklin's or Sumner's corps. If the ordnance oftcers 
from either of these corps can be found they should take charge ot the 
train. If not, other arrangements must be made. A staff officer will 
confer with you on the subject. ^ ^ . ,,„ 

S. WILLIAMS, 
\\2.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Camp near Alexandria, August 30, 1862. 

Capt. C. B. Ferguson, 

Assistant Quartermaster, Alexandria: 

The general commanding directs that you have the First Massachu- 
setts Cavalry, Colonel Williams, landed as fast as possible when it 
arrives. It may be expected to-night. 

S. WILLIAMS, 

[12.1 Assistant Adjutant-General. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Camp near Alexandria, August 30, 1862. 
Col. C. S. Wainwright, 

First New York Artillery : 

Have everything ready at the earliest possible moment, and report 
where orders will reach you. The batteries will now probably accom- 
pany Couch's division. Be ready to move at a moment's notice. 

S. WILLIAMS, 

[12.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

General Orders, ) Headquarters Fourth Corps, 

No. 87. j Yorktown, Va., August SO, 1862. 

Maj. Gen. E. D. Keyes hereby assumes command of Yorktown and 
of all the forces hitherto under the immediate orders of Brigadier- 
General Van Alen. 
By order of Major-General Keyes : 

OSWALD JACKSON, 
[!!•] Aide-de-Camp. 



CHAP.Lxrn.] COKRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 771 

Headqxjaetebs Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, August 30, 1862. 
Hou. E. M. Stanton, 

Secretary of War, Washington, D. C. : 
Sir : I have received your dispatch and have already taken measures 
to send you all the volunteer surgeons we can get. I congratulate you 
on the success of General Pope, He, however, committed an error 
which I cautioned him against, that is, of leaving his rear and supplies 
unprotected. I see you have precluded me from Washington without 
permission from the Adjutant-General. 

JOHN E. WOOL, 
[ 12. ] . Major- G eneral. 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters Kanawha Division, 

No. 6. i Camp at Munson's Hill, Va., August 30, 1862. 

1. Fort Bamsay and the work on Munson's Hill are herfeby put under 
the charge of Col. E. P. Scammon, commanding First Brigade. The 
heavy artillery company within these works will report to Colonel 
Scammon. 

2. Fort Buffalo and the works on Perkins' Hill are hereby put under 
the charge of Col. A. Moor, commanding Second Brigade. The heavy 
artillery company within these works will report to Colonel Moor. 

3. Col. E. P. Scammon is ordered to relieve that portion of Colonel 
Moor's command now occupying the work on Munson's Hill with one 
company of infantry and a section of McMullin's artillery. 

4. Colonel Moor will place one company of infantry and a section of 
artillery in the works on Perkins' Hill. 

By order of Brig. Gen. "J. D. Cox, commanding division: 

G. M. BASCOM, 
[12. J Captain and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Circular.] Headquarters Army of Virginia, 

Camp near Centerville, August 31, 1862. 

Commanders of army corps will forthwith establish suitable grand 
guards in front of the positions they respectively hold, and have out- 
posts thrown forward which shall furnish a line of sentinels covering 
the entire army. Those in the flanks will furnish a grand guard for 
the flanks. The advanced position this side of Cub Kun will only be 
held as an outpost and the division now there will be withdrawn at an 
early hour in the morning. 

Bv command of Major-General Pope: 

GEO. D. RUGGLES, 

[12.] Colonel and Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of Virginia, 
Gamp near Centerville, August 31, 1862. 
Major-General Porter: 

General : General Pope directs you to detail one company of infan- 
try to collect wounded from the battle-field of yesterday. You will also 
please detail five regimental surgeons to report to Medical Inspector 



772 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXin. 

Coolidge or Surgeon McParlin. The commanding officer of the infan- 
try will report, if possible, this evening to one of the medical officers 
above mentioned. 

I am, aeneral, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
' GEO. D. RUGGLES, 

fj^2.| Colonel and Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters, 
Harper^s Ferry, August 31, 1862. 

Col. B. F. Davis, 

Comd(j. Eighth Keio York Cavalry, H(irper\H Ferry, \a.: 

The colonel commanding the brigade directs you take post at Sum- 
mit Point, on the Winchester railroad, with your regiment, it being a 
point where supplies from this place can more readily reach you and 
the nearest to the scene of operations where yonr services are most 
required, viz, Berryville, Winchester, Snicker's Ferry, and the ferries 
on the Shenandoah generally. The Twelfth Virginia (rebel) Cavalry 
has its headquarters at Middletown, seven miles from Winchester, 
where it has been recruited from a skeleton to a regiment of seven com- 
panies of about sixty strong each. A strong picket of this regiment 
is kept at Berryville and Snicker's Ferry, and a camp east of the Shen- 
andoah at Bound Mountain. It will be your tirst duty to closely watch 
the operations of this active partisan corps, which has all the advan- 
tage of you in fleeter horses, light equipments, and knowledge of the 
by-roads of the country. The two most active officers attached to this 
regimeut are Captains Bouss and White. The former burned the train 
of cars not over a mile from your station; the latter captured in Lou- 
doun County, at Waterford, part of Captain Means' company of ran- 
gers. White has his camp at or near Bound JNlound. His business seems 
to be to take horses and cattle to supply the rebel army. It would be 
very desirable to break up liis command, communications, and business. 
From information received by telegraph it is almost certain Jackson's 
army has been broken and defeated. His line of retreat is cut oft" in 
almost every direction except by Snicker's Ferry. A sharp lookout iu 
that direction will give you the opportunity of picking up stragglers 
and perhaps capturing a flyijig battery. If Winchester is attacked, 
General White, its commander, will fire four guns, with an interval of 
two minutes. Push up a light scout instantly in that direction to watch 
and ascertain the cause, sending to these headquarters an express 
immediately on the first alarm and the result of the observation of the 
scout; so soon as the alarm is given cars will be sent up to bring the 
companies at Wadesville back to Cliarlestown and their baggage and 
to bring yours to this place. ' 

If the force of the enemy is strong you. will operate in its front or 
flank, preserving your communication with this place, on which you 
will fall back, if not cut off; in that case yon will retreat on Martins- 
burg, cross at Shepherdstown, and join my forces down the left bank 
of the Potomac. I shall order four companies of the Twelfth Illinois 
Cavalry now at Martinsburg to take post at Siuithfield, six miles north 
of you, with orders to communicate with you, and Captain Cole's with 
Means' cavalry (four companies) to operate in Loudoun County from 
Hillsborough, Leesburg, to Snicker's Ferry. Warn your troops of these 
corps, that a mistake may not be made and you tire into each other The 
general order from War Department allows you while in Virginia to 



Chap. LXllI.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 773 

take what you require applicable to your necessities, such as forage, 
&c., which you will give proper certificates for aud take up on your 
returns, accounting to the Government for tlie same, stating from wliom 
taken. Pillage is prohibited of every kind. You can appoint a provost- 
marshal to give passes for travel. All that obtain passes must take the 
oath of allegiance, exception being made to physicians aud ministers of 
the Gospel, but they must sign a declaration not to reveal your position 
or strength to the enemy, or give him any information whatever. You 
can also permit ladies to visit in the neighborhood, but not to carry 
mails or contraband of war. IJesides breaking up the Twelfth Vir- 
ginia Cavalry the xirimary object assigned you is the protection of the 
Winchester railroad. But one train at present runs on it, leaving here 
at 2 p. m. ; it goes guarded with a comi)any of infantry. Have a com- 
pany sent east and west on the railroad to be three to five miles from 
your station at such hours as to secure the train in case of attack. 
The train returns from Winchester in the morning, passing your post 
about 9 o'clock. Please, colonel, furnish as early as possible a monthly 
return of your regiment, with a roster of the oflicers, and every live 
days a consolidated morning report, being on the 4th, 9th, 14th, 19th, 
24th, and 29th. 

I am, colonel, very respectfully, »&c., 

H. M. BINNEY, 
[12.1 Lieutenant and Aide-deCamp. 



Heauquaeteks, 
Harper^ Ferry, August SI, 1862. 
Capt. II. A. Cole, 

Maryland Cavalry, Bolivar, Va. : 
Captain : You will to-morrow morning, with the whole of your cav- 
alry, take the shortest route to Waterford, and take up Captain Means' 
company of rangers. Direct him to make and send to me at this 
place a monthly return of his company, one to the Adjutant-General 
at Washington City, and one to assistant adjutant-general at Balti- 
more. Every five days a consolidated morning report — 4th, 9th, 14th, 
19th, 24th, 29th. Take with you five days' rations, and depend upon 
foraging your horses in the country, giving receii.ts for all you take. 
Stop all marauding, if you have to shoot. Your principal object is to 
watch the movements of the enemy skedaddling from Manassas and 
Aldie, who will try to pass from Aldie to Snickersville. Capture all 
stragglers and burn up all the baggage you take, except wagons which 
you may be able to get off with. Destroy all arms you capture, if you 
can't bring them oft'. Be careful when you scout toward Snicker's 
Ferry that you do not mistake Colonel Davis' Kighth New York Cav- 
alry for the enemy and fire into each other. Keej) these headquarters 
advised of what you hear and see. If pressed by the enemy fall back 
on Berlin or Point of Eocks. You must visit Leesburg and drive out 
the small cavalry picket at that place, but take care and not be cap- 
tured yourself. Should you meet with Colonel Davis, commanding 
Eighth New York Cavalry, obey his orders and such instructions as 
he may give you, but show him your orders if he wishes to take you 
out of Loudoun County. This is communicated by the order of Colonel 

Miles. , ■,. ^ ^ 

I am, captain, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
' HENEY M. BINNEY, 

M2.1 Lieutenant and Aidede-Camp. 



774 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., &c W. VA, IChap. LXIII. 

Heabquakters Army of the Potomac, 

Washington, September 1, 1862. 
General S. Williams, 

Headquarters near Alexandria: 

Do not let the batteries of Sumner's corps proceed to the front until 
further orders. 

.TAS. A. HARDIE, 
[12.] Lieutenant-Colonel and Aide-de-Gamp. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 1, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. S. Williams, 

Assistant Adjutant- General : 
Lieutenant-Colonel Warner should get his ammunition early in the 
morning and then move out to join their command at once. Colonel 
Belknap's command should be retained and armed. They can be 
turned over temporarily to Couch. When his command comes in have 
them armed at once. 

A. V. COLBUEN, 
Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Order Colonel Williams to send all the cavalry he has disembarked 
at daybreak in the morning to Tennallytown, and there await his 
arrival, l^irect Colonel Williams to re])ort to the general at his house 
and join his command from here. Direct him to leave instructions for 
the rest of his command to follow him as fast as they debark. He can 
order them to disembark at Alexandria, Washington, or Georgetown, 
as he may deem best. 

A. V. COLBURN, 

[12.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September ], 1862. 
Brig. Gen. S. Williams, 

Headquarters Gamp near Alexandria: 
General McClellan directs that you order General Pleasonton to send 
out under an experienced oflicer at least a company, and better a 
squadron, of cavalry to Fairfax Court-House, if it is possible for them 
to get there. It is reported that the enemy are in that vicinity and 
the cavalry should n^ove with caution, and ascertain what troops are at 
Fairfax. Ours should be there. 

„„. A. V. COLBURN, 

l-'-'^-i Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac 
General S. Williams, «eptem«,er 1, \862. 

Asst. Adjt. Gen., Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac, near Alexandria: 

Issue orders at once to have all trains that come in to-night to park 

well this way Irom your camp, under the hill toward Four-Mile Creek, 



Chap.LXIII.] correspondence, etc. UNION. 775 

and send out some cavalry to direct tbem where to go. The trains of 
General Pope's army are now coming in. No delay must be made in 
executing this order, and the cavalry must continue on the duty all 
uight. 

K. B. MAliCY, 

112.J Chief of Staff. 

Headquakteks, 
Washington, September 1, 1802. 
General S. Will,iams, 

Assistant Adjutant-General, near Alexandria: 
The commanding general desires to procure the return to his head- 
quarters of Major Ilaller's command, and the regulars of late Willard's 
battalion, and begs you to take the necessary steps to secure this object. 
He wishes you to request General Burnside by telegraph to instruct 
Captain Mclntyre's squadron to report to him (General McClellan), 
immediately ujion its arrival from Aquia. The general has decided to 
drop the heading "Army of the Potomac," and to say from the present 
simply "Headquarters." 

JAS. A. HARUIE, 
[12.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Aide-de-Canip. 



Headquarters, 
Washington, September 1, 1862. 
General Williams, 

Assistant Adjutant-General, Headquarters near Alexandria: 
Telegraphic communication with General Cox will do. Ko hurry 
about that. The general does not wish the batteries of Sumner's corps 
to move to the front, nor any wagon trains whatever on the Little Kiver 
turnpike toward Fairfax Court-House. Anytrainswhichmay be within 
a reasonable distance of Alexandria may be stopped and got into posi- 
tion, if possible, to move either way. Abercrombie's brigade will pre- 
j)are itself to march at short notice, but will await orders. 
By command : 

JAS. A. HARDIE, 
[12.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Aide-de-Camp. 



Headquarters, 
September 1, 1862—8.40 p. m. 
General S. Williams, 

Assistant Adjutant-General, Headquarters near Alexandria: 
General McClellan desires you to inform Col. Robert Williams that 
his command should be disembarked and prepared for immediate serv- 
ice as rapidly as possible. As soon as his command is disembarked 
and ready to move he is to report to General McClellan by telegraph. 
Please also direct Captain Howard to repair here at an early hour 
to-morrow to make arrangements with Colonel Rucker, assistant quarter- 
master, for a temporary ofiBce, storage for camp equipage, place for park- 
ing wagons, grounds for camp of headquarters troops, &c. It is desired 
to move the headquarters in as soon as possible. Captain Howard 
should report to General Marcy at 9 a. m. 

JAS. A. HARDIE, 
Lieutenant- Colonel, Aide-de-Camp, and Actg. Asst. Adjt, Gen. 
[12.1 



776 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. Lxm. 

Washington, B. C, September 1, 1862 — 11.20 p. m. 
General S. Williams, 

Assistant Adjutant- General, 

Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac, near Alexandria, Va. : 
The commanding general directs that you move headquarters to 
this place early to-morrow morning. Please direct Captains Lowell, 
Abert, Forsyth, and Gentry to report at the general's quarters here by 
9 o'clock to-morrow morning prepared to inspect new troops. 

K. B. MAEGY, 
[12.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Camp near Alexandria, September 1, 1802. 
Brig. Gen. J. G. Barnard, 

Commanding Military Defenses, Washington : 

Lieut. Col. A. J. Warner, Tenth Pennsylvania Eeserves, lias been 
ordered to proceed to Arlington with the detachment of recruits and 
convalescents under his command, and report for duty to Brigadier- 
General \N' hippie. Tliey will go in the morning as soon as they get 
ammunition. Colonel AUabach's brigade, now in front of Fort Ward, 
&c., has been ordered to report to Col. E. O. Tyler, for duty as i)art of 
the garrison of the works. Its position is not changed by the order. 
The brigade consists of the One hundred and twenty-third. One hun- 
dred and thirty first, One hundred and thirty-third, and One hun- 
dred and thirty-fourth Pennsylvania. Brig. Gen. E. B. Tyler has been 
ordered to report his brigade to you for orders. It consists of the 
Ninety- first, One hundred and twenty sixth, and One hundred and 
twenty-ninth Pennsylvania, with a section of Battery C, First New 
York Artillery. 

S. WILLIAMS, 

[1^-] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters, 

September 1, 18(12 — '/..lo v- m. 
Col. R. O.Tyler: ^ 

(Care General Williams, assistant adjutant-general, near Alex- 
andria.) 

The general commanding desires you to turn over such of the mate- 
rial of your siege train as may be indicated by General W. P. Barry as 
necessary for service in the lorts. 

J AS. A. HAEUIE, 
Lieutenant-Colonel, Aide-de-Camp, and Actg. Asst. Adjt. Gen 



Special Orders, ( Hdqrs. Defenses of Washington 

•^"- ^- > Washington, September 1, M62. 

I The fortiQcations and troops guarding the lines from Fort Blenker 
to lort Lyon arc lic.eby made to constitute an independent command, 
under the orders of Brig. Gen. D. P. Woodbury '"cum, 

Tlie troops subject to his command will consist of his own brigade 
the regiment ol Colonel Tyler, the brigade of Brig. Gen. E. B. Tyler, the 



CBAp.LXin.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 777 

provisioual brigade of Colonel Allabach, the Tenth Conuecticut, and 
Thirty-fourth Massachusetts. They will report accordingly. 
By command of Brigadier-Genenil Barnard: 

J. BKIOE SMITH, 

[1-. I Assistant Adjutant- General. 



HEAlKiXTARTBES ARMY OF THE POTOMAO, 

September 3, 1863 — 13.30 a. m. 
Maj. (ieu. E. 1). Keybs, 

Ynrktown : 
Push the embarkment of Averell's (;nvalry as rapidly as possible and 
send them to Georgetown. 

A. V. OOLBUEN, 
[12.J Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Washington, D. C, September 3, 1803 — 13.17' p. m. 
General J. D. Cox, 

Commanding, Upton^s Hill: 

The commanding general desires you if you have any disposable 
cavalry to send out a scouting party to Flint Hill, to ascertain if possi- 
ble whether Jackson is in that vicinity. 

K. \i. MAKCY, 

[li'.j Chief of Sta^f. 



Headquarters, 
Washington, T). C, September 3, 1S(>3 — 1.13 p. m. 

Brig. Gen. J. D. Cox, 

Upton's Hill: 
General Pleasonton has been directed to order the companies of the 
Eighth Illinois Cavalry to report to you as fast as they arrive. 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[12.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Upton's Htll, September 3, 1863. 
General Williams, 

Assistant A djntant- General : 

Surgeon Hutchinson, Twenty-second New York, from Centerville, 
reports himself taken prisoner, with his wounded, and released this 
morning. He says Jackson's command was last night near Flint Hill, 
north of Fairfax Court-House, but he thinks, from what he overheard, 
that the main part of the rebel force is pushing for the Potomac. I 
have ordered him to report in person at General Halleck's headquarters 
or yours, if at Washington. My outpost at Bancroft's Mill, on Colum- 
bia pike, has report of a dash last night at a wagon train near Fair- 
fax, and of repulse of enemy in tlie attack. I iim carefully picketing 
and scouting the country from Bancroft's Mill through Mills' Cross- 
Koads, Freedom Hill, &c. 

J. i). COX, 

[12.] Brigadier- General, Commanding. 



778 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXin. 

Headquakteks, 
Washington, September 2, 1862. 

Commanding Officer at Alexandria: 

Major-GeDeral McGlellan desires you to post strong guards on all 
tbe avenues of approach from the front to prevent stragglers coming 
from the front. Organize, if possible, stragglers into companies. Use 
strong measures to do this. Men with arms can be made useful. 
Those without arms maybe put to work, if work can be had for them. 

JAS. A. HARDIB, 
Lieutenant- Colonel, Aide-de-Camp, and Actg. Asst. Adjt. Gen. 

(Same to General Gox, Upton's Hill; Colonel Allabach, commanding 
brigade, care Captain Ferguson, quartermaster, at Alexandria.) 

[12.1 



Headquarters, 
Washington, September 2, 1862—9.35 a. m. 

General Pleasonton: 

(Care Captain Ferguson, assistant quartermaster, Alexandria.) 
The general commanding desires you to have all the cavalry possi- 
ble to mount that you can muster, and meet the general at Fort Albany 
in an hour or so. 

JAS. A. HAKDIE, 
Lieutenant- Colonel, Aidede-Gamp, and Actg. Asst. Adjt. Gen. 

[12.] 

Headquarters, 
September 2, 1862 — 2 p. m. 
General A. Pleasonton : 

(Care of Capt. C. B. Ferguson, 

Assistant quartermaster, Alexandria, Va.) 

General McClellan wishes to collect the Eighth Illinois Cavalry at 
Upton's Hill, and directs that you order tbe portion of the regiment 
that arrived at Alexandria this morning to report as soon as practi- 
cable to General Cox. You will give a like destination to the portions 
of the regiment yet to arrive. General McClellan further directs that 
you establish your headquarters at once between Forts Runyon and 
Albany, and locate a cavalry camp under the cover of the works, 
where you will assemble as they arrive the troops belonging to the two 
brigades of cavalry, the Eighth Illinois excepted. Please acknowledge, 
and furnish these headquarters with the precise location of your camp. 

S. WILLIAMS, 
Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Please send the same to General Pleasonton at Fort Albany. 

[12.1 

Headquarters, 
Washington, September 2, 1862 — 3.15 p. m. 
Col. H. Haupt, 

Superintendent Military Railroads : 
The general commanding desires you to remove all the material from 
Fairfax Court-House as rapidly as possible. The army has orders to 



Chat. LXm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 779 

retire from there, aud it is important that the movement should take 
])lace speedily. Nothing should go forward, therefore, on the railroad 
without the sanction of the commanding general, and all that can be 
brought in must be brought in rapidly. As to Major Haller's command, 
it should retire before the rear of the army leaves Fairfax, and so at 
each station it shonld retire before the last of the troops pass the 
station. The command should be brought in on the cars. The gen- 
eral wishes no risk to Major Haller's command on account of the 
stores. The latter should of course rather be sacrificed than the com- 
mand. How many prisoners remain at Fairfax Station? The general 
wishes an examination made of the entire railroad as far as Falls 
Church, in case he should wish to throw supplies out there. When 
Major Haller's command readies Alexandria it is to proceed to Wash- 
ington, encamping on Fourteenth street near the college. Please so 
inform the major, and tell him to report his arrival to General Williams 
or General Marcy. 

S. WILLIAMS, 
Assistant Adjutant- General. 
[12.] 



Headquarters, 
Washington, September 2, 1863 — 6 p. m. 
Gapt. C. B. Ferguson, 

Assistant (Quartermaster, Alexandria : 

Please convey to the commanding officer Eighth Illinois Cavalry the 
directions of the general commanding that all the cavalry of that regi- 
ment is to report to Brig. Gen. J. U. Cox at Upton's Hill as fast as it 
arrives. Keep the general commanding advised of the arrival of these 
troops, and of their dejiartme to join General Cox under these orders. 
All of General Pleasoutou's command of cavalry (other than the Eighth 
Illinois, above ordered to be posted) as fast as it arrives is to be sent to 
join Pleasonton at his camp between Forts Kunyon and Albany. No 
other orders must be given by any other authority to interfere with the 
speedy and the immediate execution of this order. Convey General 
McClellan's orders to Maj. Francis N. Clarke, chief of artillery of 
Sumner's corps, to move his four batteries to the vicinity of Arlington 
and encamp there in such position as that they can be moved to any 
point. Convey instructions to Colonel Wainwright to move bis five 
batteries to the same place with the same orders. Convey orders to 
Talt's battery to move at once and report to General Abercrombie at 
the Chain Bridge. Also convey orders to Lieutenant-Colonel Getty to 
move his three batteries to the north side of the Potomac and encamp 
them somewhere on Fourteenth street a little out of the city, but con- 
venient to be reached, and whence they can be ordered to any point. 
Any other of Getty's batteries may join him that may arrive after this 
dispatch. The remaining batteries are to remain at Alexandria ready 
for movement at an instant's notice. Do you know where Col. Eobert 
Williams' Massachusetts cavalry is? If so, tell him to report here 
instantly. Please acknowledge. 

,1AS. A. HAEDIE, 
Lieutenant-Colonel, Aide-de- Gamp, and Actg. Asst. Adit. Gen. 

fl2.1 



780 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. tXtlt. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Washington, 1). C, September 2, 1862—11.30 a. m. 

Lieut. Col. George W. Getty, 

U. S. Artillery, Alexandria: 
Disembark the artillery as rapidly as possible, and get ready for serv- 
ice. If anything can be gained by disembarking at Georgetown or 
Washington, you are at liberty to come there. 

' A. V. OOLBURN, 

[12.1 Afisistant Adjutant- General. 

Headqitarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 2, 1802—11.40 a. m. 
General Abercrombie, 

Commanding Brigade near Alexandria, Vu. : 
The commanding general directs that you at once march your brigade 
up on the south side the Potomac to a defensible position in the maiu 
road leading to the Chain Bridge, somewhere between Fort Ethan Allen 
and Fort Marcy. He also directs that if pne of tlie reserve batteries 
which arrived at Alexandria this morning can be got ready to accom- 
pany you without detaining you, that you take it. If it will not be 
ready in time it will be ordered to follow on this side the river, and 
ioin you near Chain Bridge. 

R. B. MAEGY, 
[12.1 Chief of StafT. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 2, 1862—3.40 p. m. 
General J. J. Abercrombie, 

Alexandria, Va. : 

Please move at once with such troops of Couch's division as are at 
or near Alexandria, except those guarding the railroad. Also take the 
battery you mention and report precisely what will be the composition 
of your command as it leaves Alexandria. The general commanding 
expects that you will command other troops in the vicinity of Chain 
Bridge. You will receive instructions concerning this on your arrival 
there. 

R. B. MARCY, 

[12.] I Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 2, 1862. 
Brigadier-General Whipple, Arlington : 

General Abercrombie is placed in command of the forts in the vicinity 
of Chain Bridge. 

A. V. COLBURN, 
[12.] Assistant Adjutant- General, 



Headquarters, 

Washington, September 2, 1862. 

General A. W. Whipple, Arlington : 

A portion of General Pope's army will probably be in tonight. Cau- 
tion your men not to fire on it and to keep on the alert. The men may 



CHAP. LXlll.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 781 

be kept at work ou the rifle-pits, though they must be iustructed to 
be on the lookout, that they may readily be able to join their corns 
when occasion may require. 
By command : 

.JAS. A. HARDIE, 
Lteutenant-Golonel, Aido-dc-C'amp, and AcU/. Asut. Adjt. Gen. 



Headquarters, 
Washington, September 2, 1862 — 5.30 p. m. 
Col. K. O. Tyler, 

First Connecticut Artillery, near Fort Worth: 
(Care Capt. C. B. Ferguson, assistant quartermaster, Alexandria, 
who will at once send the message to Colonel Tyler.) 
Colonel : General Barnard reports that the siege guns on the barges 
have not yet been sent to the Washington Arsenal. It is highly impor- 
tant that this should be done immediately. The necessary towage must 
be furnished by Captain Ferguson immediately. Please acknowledge. 
By command of Major-General McClellan : 

JAS. A. HAKDIE, 
Lietitejiant-Golonel, Aidede-Gamp, and Acta. Asst. Adit. Qen. 
[12.] 



Washington, D. C, September 2, im}2 — ll.lO p. m. 
Col. E. Williams, 

Alexandria, Va. : 
Instructions as to the duty required of your command were sent to 
Major Higginsou, of your regiment, a short time since. They were, in 
general terms, to watch all the fords on the Potomac between Great 
Falls and Harper's Ferry, as it is not improbable that the enemy may 
make an attempt to cross to-night. Not a moment must be lost in 
starting off your command, and it must go fast. 

It. B. MARCY, 
[12. J Chief of Stajf. 

r 

Washington, D. C, September 2, 1802— lljo p. w. 

General J. E. Wool, 

Baltimore, Md. : 
It has been reported here that the enemy threatens to cut the Balti- 
more and Ohio Railroad near Baltimore very soon by a sudden raid of 
cavalry. 

R. B. MARCY, 
[12. J Chief of Staff. 

Harper's Ferry, September 2, 1862. 

Lieut. Col. William D. Whipple, 

Assistant Adjutant- General, Baltimore: 
Colonel Faskin, Eighty-seventh Ohio, Point of Rocks, reports that 
Captain Cole, with his command and Means' company, attacked a rebel 
force near Leesburg about noon to-day; that the enemy overpowered 
our force, which retreated in every direction. Several were killed; 
twenty arrived at the Point of Rocks with four wounded; also, either 



782 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [(-'uap. Lxni. 

( 'aptain Cole or Captaiu Means was killed. Yesterday afternoou during 
the rain-storm a rebel force of twenty-five men dashed on a mounted 
picket of mine about two miles from here and captured, whilst dis- 
mounted and in houses, a non-commissioned officer and five privates. 

D. S. MILES, 
[lli.] Colonel Second Infantry. 



Geneiial Orders, ) Hdqr«. ])efenses op Washington, 

Ifo. G. ] Washinyton, September 2, 1862. 

The command of the fortifications of Washington and of the troops 
assigned to the defenses having been assumed by Major- Gen eral McGlel- 
lan, the commanding oflicers of the troops within tiiis command will 
receive their orders from and report to him through the usual channels. 

By command of Brigadier-General Barnard: 

J. BKIOE SMITH, 

[I-.] Asuistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 3, 1862 — 12 m. 
MaJ. Gen. I). ]Sr. Couch, 

Alexandria : 
General McClellan is going to Alexandria at once. Please leave 
word at the telegraph oflice where you can be found. 

A. V. COLBURN, 
[ID. J Assistant Adjutant- Generau. 



Headqxtarters, 
September 3, 1862—12.20 p. m. 
General A. E. Burnside, 

Aquia Greek: 
(Jencral McClellan desires to know when he may expect you or any 
portion of your command. The general wishes you to report to him by 
telegraph at this place immediately on reaching Alexandria.* 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Hdqrs. First and Second Divs., Ninth Army Corps, 

Near Alexandria.! September 3, 1862. 
Commanding Officer of Confederate Troops at or near 
Chantilly : 

Sir:. I have just received information through Chaplain Ball, of 
Twenty-first Massachusetts Volunteers, that about 250 of our wounded 
are now lying upon the battle-field of 1st insfant entirely destitute of 
medical attendance and provisions. I therefore respectfully request 
your permission to send forward, under fiag of truce, Chaplain Ball 
and the medical director of this command, with the necessary medical 
stores and jirovisions for the comfort of these wounded, and to bring 
away such of them as are able to be removed. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. L. RENO, 

[12.] Major- General, Commanding. 

*For rei)ly, see dispatch of 1 p. ni., Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 170. 



CHAr.Lxni.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 783 

Heabquakters Army of the Potomac, 

September 3, 1803 — 13 m. 
General J. Hooker : 

(Care Captain Ferguson, assistant quartermaster, Alexandria.) 
Your dispatch received.* You will please leave word at the quar- 
termaster's and telegraph office where you can be found for the next 
three hours. The com man din {j general will be at Alexandria in a short 
time, and wishes to visit your camp and to see you. 

E. B, MAEOY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Office of Chief Quartermaster, 
Washington, D. C, September 3, 1862 — 1.05 p. m. 
Captain Ferguson, 

Assistant Quartermaster, Alexandria, Va. : 

The following dispatch has just been received.t You will please see 
to this matter. 

EUFUS INGALLS, 
Lieut. Col., Aide-deCamp, and Chief Qmr., Army of the Potoriac. 

ri9.i 



Headquarters, 
September 3, 1862—11.52 p. m. 
Capt. C. B. Ferguson, 

Assistant Quartermaster, Alexandria, Va. : 
Please send the following at once to Maj. H. L. Higginson, command- 
ing two battalions First Massachusetts Cavalrj'^, now encamped near 
Alexandria. The commanding general wishes you to see that this com- 
mand is provided forthwith with two days' rations of subsistence and 
forage. It is of the utmost importance that it should start out at once, 
and the general wishes you to give your personal attention to getting 
it off. If possible send a guide with the command: 

Maj. H. L. Higginson, 

Comdr/. Batilns. First Massachusetts Cavalry, near Alexandria : 

The commanding general directs that you proceed forthwith with 
your command up the Potomac for the purpose of watching the various 
fords between the position already occupied by a portion of your regi- 
ment near Great Falls and the Point of Eocks. The service intrusted 
to you is of the highest importance, and not a moment must be lost in 
proceeding to the scene of your duties. You will take two days' rations 
of subsistence and forage, with which Captain Ferguson, assistant 
quartermaster at Alexandria, has been requested to see you provided. 
You must move without cooking your rations. You are not expected 
to engage the enemy, but simply to watch carefully his operations, and 
to give the commanding general timely notice should he appear In the 
quarter to which you are sent. The countersign tonight is Napoleon. 

By command of Major-General McClellan : 

S. WILLIAMS, 

1 19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

' See Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 171. 

t See Buruside to McClellan, 1 p. in.. Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 170. 



784 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., KXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIU. 

Harper's Perry, September 3, 1803. 
Major-General Wool, 

Baltimore : 
T Lave every thing in readiness for any demonstration of the enemy. 
General White evacuated his fortifications at Winchester last night, 
destroyed what he could not bring away, spiked those big guns, and, as 
1 anticipated, left them. I'art of the ge7ieral's men, guard, sick, and 
baggage have arrived. lie is at Summit Point. I have ordered troops 
on Winchester road to this pla<;e, and remnant of Cole's cavalry back 
to Berlin to cross I'otomac and watch the enemy. We want forage and 
our requisitions for ordnance filled. 

I). S. MILES, 
1 19.] Colonrl Second Tiifantry. 



Harper's Ferry, Septnnher 3, J.s(l2. 
Major-General Wool, 

Baltimore : 

Brigadier-General White has just arrived; the One hundred and 
fifteenth New York from Winchester road also. Colonel Uavis' Eighth 
New York Cavalry near by. An intelligent private of Cole's command 
paroled at Leesburg has just come in from that place and reijorts Cole's 
loss 3 killed, 9 wounded, and 35 prisoners. Captain Hunter, First 
Lieutenant Milling, and Second Lieutenant fiallagher taken prisoners. 
The enemy had killed 1 captain, 2 lieutenants, 1 quartermaster-sergeant, 
and 1 negro soldier; a great many soldiers wounded. There was one 
company of negroes among the cavalry. This morning 12,000 infantry 
and artillery arrived at Leesburg; their pickets extend to Ball's Blufl', 
three miles east. Arrived to day at Point of Eocks 1,400 paroled pris- 
oners, at Charlestown this afternoon 200, and at this place 342. 

D. S. MILES, 

[19.] Colonel Second Infantry, Commanding. 



Baltimore, September 3, 1802. 
Col. D.S. Miles: 

I have received your dispatch. 1 must leave the course you ought 
to pursue to your own sound discretion. Take care of your position 
and not exi)ose it to surprise. Watchfulness, vigilance, and a sound 
discretion must be your guide at the present moment. 

JOHN E. WOOL, 

[!'*■] Major-General. 

Point of Ko<jks, September ,-;, iSH;j :.\03. 

Colonel Miles: 

Captain Cole sends me word that a strong force of rebels has left 
Gainesville to attack Har])er's Ferry, the lines by way of upper line 
Manassas, thence to Strasburg. Are you aware of this movement? 
Send me two boxes spherical case-shot, two boxes canister-shot one 
box solid shot. 

JOHN FASKIN, 
[19-] Lieutenant- Colonel, d;c. 



Chap.LXIII.] correspondence, ETC. UNION. 785 

Special Obdebs, ) Headquabtebs op the Abmy, 

[' Abjutant-General'.s Oppi<:b, 

Fo. 221. ) Washington, /September 4, 180^. 

1. Brig. Gen. Henry S. Briggs, U. S. Volunteers, will immediately 
report in person to Brig. Gen. S. (!asey for orders. 

By coiiunaiid of Maior-(Teiieral Halleck: 

E. I). T(^W]SrSEND, 
|1''-] Assistant Acljutant- Genera I. 



Headqtarteijs Abmy op the Potomac, 

September 4, 1803. 
Maj. Gen. A. E. Bxtbnside, 

Aquia Creel: : 
General Mc(31ellan desires that you take steps to have the engines 
brought away from Aquia if it is possible to get them away. Do not 
remain there yourself to see them off. 

A. V. COLBURN, 
[19-] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquabtebs Abmy of the Potomac, 

Washington, September 4, 1862 — 5.55 p. m. 
General F. Sigel, 

Commanding Army Corps, Fort Ethan Allen : 
General Morell, at Hall's Hill, 4.30 p. m., reports that the enemy has 
commenced an attack upon his pickets with artillery, infantry, and 
cavalry. Yonr pickets should be on the alert, and your command at 
once draw into the new position indicated to vou this morning. 

R. B. MAROY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquabtebs Abmy of the Potomac, 

September 4, 1862 — 5.15 p. m. 
General Cox, Uptonh Hill : 

Have the six heavy guns that I ordered to Upton's Hill arrived there? 
If so, have they men to mount them? Jf not, have you men that can 
man them without interfering with your light artillery?* 

GEO. B. McCLELLAN, 
[19.] Major- General. 



Headquabtebs A-kmy of the Potomac, 

September 4, 1862. 
Brigadier-General Oox, Upton\<i Hill : 

On what roads and at what distance is the rebel infantry force 
reported by General Pleasonton! 1 do not care to engage them in 
front of your position. I think it is a feint to cover a crossing above. 
Please answer at once.* 

GEO. B. McCLELLAN, 
[19.] Major- General. 

* See 5.40 p. m., Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 176. 
50 E E — VOL LI, PT 1 



786 MIX, E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIU 

Headquarters, 
WasJiington, I). C, September 4, 1862. 
Brig. G^en. J. D. Cox, 

Upton's Hill: 
Tbe general commanding directs, if you Lave not already done so, 
that you send tlie Eighth Pennsylvania and Eighth Illinois Cavalry to 
report at once to Brigadier-General Pleasonton. 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 4, 1862—6 p. m. 
General Cox, Tipton^ s Hill: 

General McOlellan desires that you Inform him with the least possi- 
ble delay what amount of firing there was on Pleasonton's pickets and 
in front of Morell, and all you know about the strength and position of 
the enemy.* 

A. V. COLBURN, 
[19.j Assistant Adjutant- Genera.,. 



Headquarters, 
WasJdngton, September 4, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. J. J. Abercrombie, 

Fort Ethan Allen: 
General McClellan directs that the two horse batteries (Benson's old 
battery and Eobertson's) now with Couch's division at once proceed to 
Tennallytown and report to General Pleasonton for special service. It 
is most important that they should join him at once, without a moment's 
loss of time. If General Couch has joined you please show him this 
order. If he has not, please send an orderly with it to meet him. 
I'lease see that the order reaches General Couch. Please answer and 
report how many batteries will remain with Couch's division after the 
withdrawal of the horse batteries. 

A. V. COLBURN, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters, 
Washington, September 4, 1862 — 10,10 p. m. 
Brig. Gen. E. B. Tyler, 

Alexandria : 

The commanding general directs you to report your command to 
Major-Geueral Fraukliu. 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

Washington, September 4, 1862. 
General A. Pleasonton, 

Commanding Cavalry Brigade, Falls Church, Va. : 

The commanding general directs that you at once order all your force 
in cam]), except a small support for your pickets, to march with what 

* For reply, see dispatcb of G.4u p. lu., Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 176. 



Chap.LXIII.) correspondence, ETC. UNION. 787 

subsistence and forage they can carry on their horses via the Aqueduct 
and thence to Tennallytown, to aAvait further orders. General Bayard 
has been directed to relieve your command at Falls Church, but you 
will not await his arrival. You will leave a staff officer to turn over 
your orders to him and to inform him where your men are posted, so 
that those you leave behind may be relieved at the earliest pi'acticable 
moment. Those men will then be directed by the staff officer to follow 
you. You will also send an officer to your old camp near Fort Albany 
to order any of your troops that may have been left there to follow you 
rapidly. You will i)lease make arrangements to have six days' sub- 
sistence and forage follow you. If the wagons are not at your command 
this can be arranged here. After you have given the necessary instruc- 
tions you will report at General McClellan's house for orders with the 
least practicable delay. The duty about to be intrusted to you is of 
the utmost importance. 

E. E. MARCY, 
[19. J Chief of Staff. 



Heabquartees, 
Washington, Sejytembcr 4, 1862 — 5.40 p. in. 
General J. Buford, 

Commanding Cavalry Brigade, near Upton^s Hill : 
(Care General Cox.) 
General Bayard has been ordered to relieve General Pleasonton at 
Falls Church and to scout the country in his front and flanks. You 
will please make use of your available force in scouting that part of the 
country to the left of General Bayard as far as our extreme left near 
Fort Lyon. The commanding general desires you to give your personal 
attention to this matter, and wherever you find any approach on Bay- 
ard's left that is not patrolled by cavalry that you supply such patrol, 
80 that all the roads within your district may be carefully watched and 
any apjjroach of the enemy promptly reported. Until further orders 
you will be held responsible that all the roads within your district are 
carefullv watched. 

K. B. MARCY, 
[19. J - Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters, 
Washington, September 4, 18G2 — 5.40 p. m. 
General J. Btjford, 

Commanding Cavalry : 
(Care General Cox, Upton's Hill, Va.) 
The order for you to scout on Bayard's left supersedes the order for 
your command to move over to this side the river, communicated to you 
by an aide this morning. 

R. B. MARCY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters, 
Washington, September 4, 1802, 
Col. W. W. AVEEELL, 

Third Pennsylvania Cavalry: 
(Care Capt. C. B. Ferguson, assistant quartermaster, Alexandria.) 

Your brigade is designed for service on the Upper Potomac. General 
" '"' " " ' that you bring your regiment to Washington as early 



788 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXm. 

as possible iu the morning- and report at these headquarters for iusti-uc- 
tions. Leave orders for the rest of your brigade to follow as rapidly 
as possible. Acknowledge. 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 4, 186JJ — 0.15 p. m. 
Captain Ferguson, 

Alexandria: 
Please send all of Burnside's command, as it arrives, to disembark at 
Washington or Georgetown, if it is possible for them to do it. 

A. V. COLBUEN, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, Md., Sci)tember 4, 1862. 
Colonel Truex, 

Commanding at Monocacy, Md. : 

Colonel: You will withdraw your regiment and supplies this side 
of the bridge toward Baltimore, if you learn tbat the enemy is at the 
Point of Books. You will be sustained by Colonel Cram, of my staff. 

JOHN E. WOOL, 

[19. 1 Major-Gencral. 



Point of Eocks, September 4, 1862. 
Colonel Miles: 

The enemy has crossed the river with 30,000 strong. We have 
vacated the place. 

J. FASKIN, 
Lieutenant- Colonel Eighty seventh Regiment Ohio Volunteers. 

[19.1 



Headquarters, 

Washington, September o, 1862 — 11.30 a. m. 
General J. Pope, 

Arlington House: 

The commanding general directs that you at once pnt your command 
in readiness to march, with three diiys' rations in haversacks, cartridge- 
boxes filled, and reserve ammunition in your wagons. You will ])leaae, 
wben you arc ordered to move from your present position, leave ofticers 
to forward to you such supplies as you are not able to procure before.* 

E. B. MAECY, 

Chief of Staff. 

(Also sent to General Heintzelman. Fort Lyon ; General F. J. Porter, 
General Franklin, Alexandria.) 

[19.1 



For Pojifi'H reply, sec Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 182. 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 789 

Headquarters, 
Washington, September 5, 1862 — 12 in. 
Geueral F. J. Porter, 

HalVs Hill: 
You will please retain Chaplain Walton until something more is 
known about the movements of the enemy.* General Sigel was directed 
to draw in the main line of his forces yesterday, so as to run from Fort 
Ethan Allen toward your right, and it was supposed that this would so 
shorten the line that he could connect with you. We ai'e very short of 
cavalry just now, but will send you some soon. General Bayard will 
be directed to pick up stragglers. 

K. B. MARCY, 
[19.] Ghief of Staff. 



Headquarters, 
Washinf/ton, September 5, 1S02 — 1:^.25 f. vi. 
Brig. Gen. J. D. Cox, 

Upton^s Hill: 
General McDowell has been directed to send troops to relieve your 
command. As soon as your pickets are relieved, the commanding 
general directs that you put your command in motion, crossing the 
Aqueduct Bridge at Georgetown, and passing through K street, in 
Washington, to Seventh street, and along Seventh street to the Park 
Hotel, near which you will find General Eeno's headquarters. You 
will there report to General Burnside for orders. 

R. B. MARCY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Akmy of the Potomac, 

September 5, 18(i2 — 1.1'> p. m. 
General A. Pleasonton, 

Harnestoum, Md. : 
Your dispatch of this morning received, t A regiment of cavalry 
will be ordered from here this morning to proceed to Mechanicsville 
and there to receive your orders. I shall endeavor to give you another 
regiment to be sent to Rockville today, and there await orders from 
you. Bayard's and Buford's cavalry are entirely used up, and have 
difficulty in doing the little service now required of them. They are 
not available for your service. You must do the best you can with 
what we are able to send you. 

R. B. MARCY, 
[19.] C'/i?e/ of Staff. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 5, 1862—4.25 p. m. 

Brig. Gen. A. Pleasonton, 

])arnestown, Md. : 
The following has just been received from J. W. Garrett, president 
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad: 

Our telegrams continue to state the passage over the Potomac by very large forces 
of the enemy, chiefly near the mouth of the Monocacy^ 

* See Porter to Marcv, 9.30 p. m., Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 178. 
t Sao 11 30 a. m.. Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 185. 



790 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXm. 

(leneral [Colonel] Miles telegraphs that A. P. Hill's division has 
crossed the Potomac. 

A. V. OOLBURN, 
[1!>.J Axslstant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters, 
Washinf/ton, September 5, 1862 — 12 m. 
Brigadier-General Bayard, 

Falls Church: 
The general commanding directs that yoa send out parties to collect 
stragglers and dispatch tliem to their different commands. General 
Porter reports that stragglers line the roads. General Heintzelman is 
at Fort Lyon, General Franklin at Seminary, General Porter at Mary 
Hall's house, Eeynolds near Fort Albany, Couch en route from Tennally- 
town on river road up the Potomac, McDowell near Ball's Cross- Roads, 
Banks at Rockville, Sumner en route for Rockville, Sigel near Fort 
Ethan Allen, Sturgis at Ball's Cross- Roads. You will also direct your 
])atrols to check all driving of teams faster than a walk, and arrest 
every one who refuses to obey the order. Acknowledge receipt of this. 

E. B. MARCY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Harper's Ferry, September 5, 1862. 
Major-General Wool, 

Baltimore : 
Captain Cole, just returned from Point of Rocks, says all the reports 
from there in regard to the enemy are false; none but cavalry has passed 
over the Potomac ; that the canal has been cut at Noland's Ferry. Voss' 
cavalry yesterday toward Winchester had a brush with about fifty of 
the enemy's cavalry. Killed one and took a horse. We want our com- 
missary requisitions filled. Please start the trains; I don't believe 
there is any danger. 

D. S. MILES, 
[19.] Colonel Second Infantry. 

Special Orders, ) Headquarters, 

No. 3. ) Washington, September 6, 1862. 

• **•*#* 

8. Surg. John Moore, U. S. Army, will report for duty to Major- 
General Porter as medical director of the Fifth Corps, relieving Surg. 
R. O. Abbott. When relieved. Surgeon Abbott will report for duty to 
Surgeon Letterman, medical director. 

#*■»#*#♦ 

14. Instead of joining Porter's corps, as directed by paragraph 1 of 
this order,* the One hundred and fourteenth Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
Colonel Collis, will at once proceed to join Banks' corps, at Rockville or 
in its vicinity. 

By command of Major-General McClellan: 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

• See Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 197. 



CHAT. Lxm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 791 

Harrisbtjrg, Pa., September f>, 1803. 

(lieceived 11.20 p. m.j 
Hon. Edwin M. Stanton, 

Secretary of War: 

The following has just been received from a messenger I sent oat 
last night: 

Uagerstown, 6tii. 
Governor A. G. Cubtin : 

Parties who left Frederick City at 4 o'clock this afternoon, who hiive just arrived, 
say that 6,000 rebels arrived to-day there. Rei>ort main body on the way to Balti- 
more. Onr troops still at Slartinsburg, General White commanding. Only three 
companies Pennsylvania Twenty-ninth here. People greatly alarmed here; 14,000 
Federals at Harper's Ferry. General White muKt be re-enforced heavily at Martins- 
burg or fall back to Williamsport. If not, his whole command will be captured. 
Troopb in large numbers necessary in Cumberland Valley. 

A. G. GURTIN. 
[19.] 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 6, 1862 — 5,20 p. m. 
Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter, 

Commanding Fifth Corps: 
General McGlellan directs me to say that Generals McDowell's and 
Franklin's corps have been ordered to this side of the river. You will 
relieve them with your command. The charge of all the forts from 
De Kalb to Hunting Creek are intrusted to you. Please Lave all the 
heavy guns withdrawn from Upton's Hill and vicinity to-night. That 
position will be held by an advance guard of infantry and artillery, 
which can retire on the appearance of the enemy in force. General 
Sigel will hold the forts at the Chain Bridge and connect with you. 
The division under General Sturgis will be at once concentrated and 
ordered to report to you. The line of works must be held by the force 
that can be left with you. Every man that can possibly be withdrawn 
is required on this side. 

A. Y. COLBURN, 
[19.1 Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters, 
Washington, September 6, 1862 — 6A0 p. m. 

Major-General Porter, 

HalPs Hill: 

The general commanding desires that General Sykes place his divis- 
ion in motion immediately and proceed to Tennallytown or vicinity and 
there encamp. General Sykes will report in person to the general com- 
manding this evening after having taken all the steps necessary for the 
prompt movement of his division. Sykes' division will for the present 
move with the headquarters, reporting directly to the general com- 
manding, and will constitute a reserve under the personal orders of the 
general. It will encamp with headquarters. The batteries of General 
Sykes move with him. Please acknowledge. 

S. WILLIAMS, 

[19.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



792 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXin. 

Headquarters, 
Washington, September (J, 1862 — 11.15 p. m. 
General F. J. Porter : 

General McOlellan says the interior line of works is to be held, includ- 
ing those at Chain Bridge, and from De Kalb to Forts Ward and Worth 
and Fort Lyon. The heavy guns are to be withdrawn from Upton's 
Hill to-night, and the work there occupied by aii advance guard, which 
should hold it against any attack of pickets or inferior force. Munson's 
Hill had perhaps better be abandoned. You must use your own judg- 
ment as to the force necessary at the Seminary, but the forts in front of 
it must be securely h( Id. McDowell's corps has orders to move at once, 
and you should take measures to relieve his pickets immediately. liey- 
nolds' division is of necessity detached temporarily. The exigency 
leaves no alternative, but it will soon rejoin your command. General 
Whipple, at Arlington, and Colonel Tyler, at Fort Richardson, can give 
you all information about garrisons of the works. They can both be 
reached by telegraph. Please acknowledge. 

S. WILLIAMS, 

[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters, 
Washington, September (J, 1862. 
Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter, 

Commanding Fifth Corps, HalVs Hill: 
Brig. Gen. E. B. Tyler's brigade has been ordered to report to you. 
This, with Piatt's brigade, constitutes Sturgis' division. This division 
the general commanding desires organized under the command of Gen- 
eral Sturgis under your orders. General Sturgis will join in the 
morning. 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Generai. Orders, ) Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

No. 15. I Fort Corcoran, Va., September 6, 1862. 

The charge of Forts Corcoran, Haggerty, Bennett, Be Kalb, Wood- 
bury, Cass, TiUinghast, Craig, Albany, Jackson, Itunyoii, Richardson, 
Barnard, Scott, Bleuker, Ward, Worth, and Ellsworth having been 
assigned by Major-OJeneral McClellan to Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter, he 
hereby assumes command of these forts and of the troops designed to 
defend them. Commanding officers of the troops will at once send in 
a report of their commands and their locations. Otticers will be sent 
from these headquarters to procure information of each command. 
Commanding officers will at once furnish the necessary information 
called for and take their men through such exercises as may be required. 
The major-general commanding calls upon every officer and soldier to 
exert himself to place the command to which he belongs in the most 
efficient condition, and by his example of obedience to orders and atten- 
tion to duty prove to his country that he is here for her service alone, 
and to work with an earnest heart to save her in this her day of trial. 
Sucli examples will inspire their companions and bring to a hapjjy 
conclusion this contest. 

By command of Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter: 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 

[19.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



CHAP.Lxm.i CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 793 

Headquarters, 
Washington, September 6, 1862 — d:,12 p. m. 
General W. B. Franklin, or 
Senior Officer present with General Franklin's Corps, 

Fairfax Seminary: 

The commanding general directs that you put your corps in motion 

at once and inarch by the Chain Bridge to Eockville, passing Teiinally- 

town. It is important that this movement should be made promptly. 

Please acknowledge receipt. 

E. B. MARCY, 
[19-] Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters, 
Washington, September 6', 1862, 
Major-General Franklin, 

Theological Seminary, Alexandria: 
The commanding general directs that Brig. Gen. E. B. Tyler's brigade 
proceed to Hall's Hill, there to be reported to Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter for 
consolidation with the division of General Bturgis. 

S. WILLIAMS, 
|19.J Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 6, 1862 — 4.45 p. m. 
General SiOEL, 

Commanding Army Corps, Fort Fthan Allen: 

The commanding general directs that you at once place your corps 
in position to occupy the line extending from Forts Marcy and Ethan 
Allen to the vicinity of Fort De Kalb. General F. J, Porter's corps 
will occupy the line from Fort De Kalb to Hunting Creek, and General 
Heintzelman the line from Hunting Creek to the river below Fort 
Lyon. General McDowell's and General Franklin's corps will be with- 
drawn to this side of the Potomac this evening. You will please post 
your pickets well out so as to give timely information of the approach 
of the enemy. Please acknowledge the receipt of this order. 

E. B. MAECY, 

Chief of Staff. 

P. S. — Forts Marcy and Ethan Allen will be intrusted to your charge, 
and you will please connect your pickets with those of General Porter. 

E. B. MARCY, 

[19.J Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters, 
Washington, September 6, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. J. J. Aberorombie, 

Fort Ethan Allen : 
The general commanding ordered all of Couch's division to march, 
and supposed that all the troops of the division had gone with it. 
The general desires you to proceed at once to Brookeville with any 
troops of the division which may have been left behind. If you have 
any other troops under your command than those of Couch's division, 



794 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXm. 

please state what they are by telegraph. General Sigel is charged 
with the defense of the roads approaching the Chain Bridge. Please 

acknowledge. 

S. WILLIAMS, 
rio.i Assistant Adjutant-General. 

Headqitarteks Abmy of the Potomac, 

Washington, September 6, 1862 — 12.05 p. m. 

Brigadier-General Bayard, 

Upton's Hill : 
If your pickets have been withdrawn in accordance with General 
McDowell's order, the commanding general directs that you at once 
reoccupy the same picket-line. It was not intended that you should 
march with the Third Corps, and if not stated iu the order it was an 
accidental omission. 

E. B. MAEGY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters, 
Harper's Ferry, September 6, 1862. 
Brigadier-General White, 

Martinsburg, Va. : 
Our communication with Baltimore and Washington cut off. I author- 
ized the provost-marshal to exact the oath of allegiance to all persons 
who desired passes and to stop the many Belle Boyds of Martinsburg 
from carrying news, as it was the grand focus and starting point 
for Southern mails by females. General A. P. Hill, with his division, 
is encamped at Lovettsville, about seven miles from here, and intrench- 
ing. I shall expect by to-morrow he will commence hammering at me. 
Frederick is occupied by the enemy in force. A report has reached me 
that a column is marching around somewhere to take Williamsport. 
Look out for squalls. 

I). S. MILES, 
[19.] Colonel Second Infantry. 



Headquarters, 
Harper's Ferry, Va., September 6, 1862. 
Col. William P. Maulsby, 

First Maryland Begt., Potomac Home Brigade, Knoxville, Md. : 
Colonel : Captain Cole and his command will operate on the river 
as far as Berlin to keep open and up the communication from that point, 
of the whereabouts of the enemy, and this place. You must place your 
command on the river to guard the fords, and, as I previously directed, 
as near the ford of Sandy Hook as you can get to command it and the 
roads leading to Maryland Heights. Collect your regiment (the five 
companies, C, D, E, H, and G). Captain Faithful is marching to join 
you from Frederick. Send for Captain Yellott. Captain Bamfoid, I 
have been informed, abandoned his post at Berlin and has gone some- 
where. There will be a day of reckoning with those who fail to obey 
orders or by abandonment of i)ositions without orders or necessity. 
The position of Sandy Hook is to be held if it takes half of the force 



CHAP.LXin.l CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 795 

at this post, and you will not abandon it. The cannon you ask for is 
with Colonel Banning, wlio will deliver them to you when he is obliged 
to retreat before the enemy as far as Sandy Hook. Obtain forage for 
your animals in your neighborhood, and if you can purchase any con- 
siderable quantity of corn do so, and notify Captain Itutherford, 
employing your teams to haul it to the railroad. Vermont and Mary- 
land cavalry are stationed on Maryland Heights, reconnoitcring roads 
leading off of it in every direction; don't mistake them for the enemy. 
When Banning is obliged to retreat as far as Sandy Hook, you will 
retain Cole. 

I am, colonel, your obedient servant, 

D. S. MILES, 
Colonel Second Infantry. 

P. S. — I understand from Lieutenant Willmaii that there are a num- 
ber of contraband negroes at Sandy Hook. Direct your provost guard 
to seize them, and march them up here for enrollment to work on fortili- 
cations. I want 500 if they can be found. 

[19.] 



Headqttartebs, 
Harper's Ferry, September 6', 1863. 
Colonel Banning, 

Eighty-seventh Ohio Regiment, Berlin, Md. : 
Colonel: Your communication received. General Hill has fortified 
Lovettsville as a place of deposit and is foraging. He will never offer 
to cross the river where there is a show of resistance. Hold on and 
give him a shell or so to let him know you are about; but defend your 
l>lace as long as you can. Only at Berlin, near Knoxville, and at 
Sandy Hook can he pass. If you have to fall back, stop at Sandy 
Hook; that ]>lace is to be defended at all hazards. Colonel Maulsby is 
there and collecting his regiment. The two howitzers are to be left 
with him. Make the captains of the canal boats bring their boats 
back to this place before the enemy should get them and burn them. 
If they are loaded with grain (corn and oats) have them brought back 
anyhow ; we want it. The refugee Virginians you must give protection 
to, and suffer them to pass into Maryland, but get them to subscribe 
to the oath ot allegiance, and make yourself satisfied they are not spies. 
Perhaps they have to run to keep from taking the Southern oath, and 
in fear if they take ours thej' will lose their property. In that case 
let them go, taking their obligation not to aid or abet those in rebellion. 
I am, colonel, v(iry respectfully, your obedient servant, 

D. S. MILES. 
[19.] 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, September (i, 1862. 
Maj. M. ScoTT, 

Twenty -ninth Pennsylvania Volunteers, Hagerstown, Md. : 
Major : Have the stores moved at once to Chambersburg. 

JOHN E. WOOL, 
[19.] Major- General. 



796 MD., a. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [chap, LXUl. 

Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, September 6, 1862. 

Mai. M. Scott, 

Twenty -ninth Pennsylvania Volunteers, Eafierstown : 

MA.TOK : Go with your supplies at once to Cliambersburg if it is uot 
too late. I have already telegraphed to Lieutenant Crosby to go there 
with his tAvo I'arrott guns and supplies. Tell liini this, if he has not 
received mv orders already. 

JOHN E. WOOL, 

ng.] Major- General, 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, September 6, 1862. 

Lieut. F. B. Crosby, 

Hagerstown, Md. : 
(Via Ilarrisburg, Pa.) 
Lieutenant : Send the two Parrott guns and all surplus supplies to 
Cbambersburg. You had better hasten as soon as possible to Cham- 
bersburg. I must leave the matter to your discretion, to be governed 
bv the movements of tlie enemy. Answer immediately. 

JOHN E. wool, 
[19.1 Major- General. 

Special Orders, } Headquarters, 

No. 4. \ Washington, September 7, 1862. 

3. The One hundred and sixteenth Eegiment Pennsylvania Volun- 
teers is relieved from the operation of Special Orders, No. 3, of the 6th 
instant, from these headquarters, aud will report for duty to Lieut. Col. 
J. A. Haskin, in charge of certain works around Washington. 

******* 

5. During the absence of the chief quartermaster with the army in 
the field, Lieut. Col. Charles G. Sawtelle, assistant quartermaster, will 
act in his name in all matters requiring attention connected with the 
furnishiug of supplies to the army from this point. 

6. The One hundred aud twenty-first Pennsylvania Volunteers, Col. 
Chapman Biddle, is assigned to Franklin's corps, which it will join 
without delay at or beyond Eockville. 

7. During the absence of the major-general commanding from Wash- 
ington the immediate command of the defenses of the capital is assigned 
to Maj. Gen. N. P. Banks, who while exercising said command will be 
relieved from the command of his corps. 

9. Capt. Richard B. Irwin, aide-de-camp, will remain at headquarters 
in this city until farther orders in charge, as acting assistant adjutant- 
general, of such matters as may require attention at this poiut. Com- 
manders of troops in and near the defenses of Washington will for the 
present continue to make to headquarters in this city the returns and 
reports which by existing orders they are required to render. 

By command of Major-General McClellan : 

S. WILLIAMS, ^ 

[19.] (Assistant Adjutant-General." 



Chap. LXm.J CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 797 

Headquakters, 
Washingt07i, September 7, 180:<! — 9.50 p. m. 
Maj. Geu. S. P. Heintzelman, 

Commanding Third Corps, Fort Lyon : 
General McOlellan Las been informed that the rebels intend making 
a raid to-night on Alexandria. Little reliance is placed on the informa- 
tion, but it is, nevertheless, suggested that it may be well, as a matter 
of precaution, to have your pickets, «&c., more than usually on the alert. 
By command: 

S. WILLiAMS, 
Assistant Adjutant- General, 

(Copy to Maj. Gen, F. J. Porter, commanding Fifth Corps, Fort Cor- 
coran, and Brig. Gen. John P. Slough, Alexandria.) 

[19-] 



Headquarters, 
Washington, September 7, 186:^. 
Brig. Gen. E. B. Tyler, 

Alexandria : 
The headquarters of General Porter have been changed from Hall's 
Hill to Fort Corcoran. Report to him with your command at the latter 
place. 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Washington, D. C, September 7, 1862 — 11.55 a. m. 
General W. B. Franklin, 

Tennallytoum : 
The commanding general directs that yovL move your command 
toward Rockville as soon as possible. It was his intention that you 
should remain at Tennallytowu till this morning, but not longer, and 
no time should be lost in getting your troops in motion. 

R, B. MARCY, 
[19.] Chief of Staf. 



Headquarters ARmy of the Potomac, 

September 7, 1862 — 5 p. m. 

Brig. Gen. John Buford : 

The commanding general directs that you will turn over your com- 
mand to the ofiQceruext in rank to you. You will report in person to 
these headquarters ((ieueral Marcy, who will remain in town till 
to-morrow) this evening. 

R. B. MARCY, 

Chief of Staff. 

Telegraph operator will forward this order to General Whipple, at 
Arlington house, who will forward it to General Buford. 
[19.J 



798 MD., E. K. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

Headquakteks Army of the Potomac, 

September 7, 1862. 
General G. D. Bayard, 

Commanding Cavalry, Uptori's Hill: 
General Pleasoiitoii reports that be was informed that 50,000 rebel 
troops were at JJrauesville night before last. Tlie general commanding 
desires yon to push your scouts as far toward Dranesville as possible 
without incurring too much risk. Please report any information you 
may have or obtain. 

li. B. MARCY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, September 7, 1862. 
A. G. Ctjrtin, 

Governor of I'ennsylvnnia, Harrixlnirf/, Fa.: 
Governor : I have ordered Lieutenant Crosby, if he left Chambers- 
burg with his artillery, to go to Harrisburg. If he arrives there you 
can detain him. 

JOHN E. WOOL, 
[ID. I Major-General. 

[War Department, 
Washington, B. C, September 7, 1862] — 9.15 p. m. 

Brigadier-General White, 

Martinsbvrg : 
(Via Philadelphia.) 
Your success this afternoon is very gratifying and highly creditable 
to you. It is expected that no post will be surrendered, but that every 
officer and every man shall fight as if the fate of the Government 
depended upon him. 

EDWIN M. STANTON, 
[19.] Secretary of War. 

Martinsburg, 
[September] 7, 1862—10.30 a.m. 
Col. D. S. Miles: 

My outposts are attacked this morning. What force there is iu front 
of us I don't know. You send strong reconnaissance on the road 
between here and your post, and I believe you should send up to my 
support my old brigade. I have but three pieces of cannon. 

JULIUS WHITE, 
[19.] Brigadier-General. 



Headquarters, 
Harper's Ferry, September ~, 1862. 
Lieut. Col. S. W. Dov^ney, 

Gomdg. Third Regt. Maryland, Fotomav Home Brigade, 

Kearneysville, Va.: 
Colonel: The colonel commanding directs nie to say to you that he 
has learned that the enemy are in large force at Winchester. He has 
been informed by Brigadier-General White, at Martinsburg, that he 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 799 

would send out a cavalry reconnaissance in force to Smithfleld to-mor- 
row morning, and that he will send out a cavalry force to form a junc- 
tion with the force from Brigadier-General White at Smithfleld, and 
desires you to send your cavalry in that direction. Should there be an 
attack upon you iu force you will fall back on Maryland Heights, by 
way of Shepherdstown. This may not become a necessity for a day or 
so, but by day after to-morrow he anticipates it will become a necessity. 
But hold on to the railroad to the last moment; it is important to get 
our supplies from Cumberland to-morrow evening. 

I am, colonel, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

JNO. L. WILLMAN, 
[19.] Lieutenant and Aide-de-Gamp. 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

No. 123. I Fort Corcoran, Va., September 8, 18G2. 

******* 

2. Brig. Gen. A. W. Whipple is assigned to the command of Sturgis' 
division, consisting of Piatt's and Tyler's brigades, now on or near 
Columbia turnpike, in rear of Fort Eichardson. He will also until 
further orders include in his command the brigade of Colonel Allabach. 
Without waiting for the commanders to report, he will see that they 
are properly posted in compliance with instructions from the command- 
ing general. The One hundred and twenty-third. One hundred and 
thirty-first. One hundred and thirty-third, and One hundred and thirty- 
fourth Pennsylvania Volunteers will be formed into a brigade, under 
the command of the senior colonel (Allabach). The brigade commander 
will at once see that his regiments are supplied with forty rounds of 
ammunition in cartridge-boxes, and Lave always on hand at least three 
days' provisions, and put in order for active service. An additional 
supply of forty rounds will be kept iu wagons. 

By command of Maj. Gen, F. J. Porter: 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 

[111. I Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Circular.] Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

Fort Corcoran, Va., September 8, 1862. 

Brigadier-General Whipple has been assigned to the command of the 
division composed of Piatt's and Tyler's brigades and the control of 
AUabach's brigade at or near the Seminary. These brigades are 
designed to hold the rifle-pits and defend the works from Fort Craig 
through Forts Ward, Wortli, &c., to Fort Ellsworth, the exterior line 
being the essential one. This division will be posted so that at very 
short notice it can occupy its line of battle, and at the same time be held 
ready to push out on the Columbia turnpike. AUabach's brigade will 
be similarly posted and held ready to push out on the Leesburg or 
Little River turnpike. Allabach will picket on the Little River pike 
and railroad, having the main guard at the crossing of Cameron and 
Holmes' Run. The advanced guard and pickets will be thrown well for- 
ward toward Aiinandale and Padgett's Tavern, where cavalry pickets 
will be stationed. Whii)ple's division will hold Bailey's Cross-Roads 
as iin outpost and extend the advanced guard and jflckets toward 
Padgett's Tavern and Munson's Hill. Morell's division will defend the 
forts and line the rifle pits from I'oit Craig to Fort De Kalb, and the 



800 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. ICBap. I.XIII. 

brigades will be posted so as to move easily out ou the Columbia pike 
or the road from Fort Corcoran to Tipton's Hill. This division will 
hold U])ton's Hill as an advanced post and picket to connect with 
guards from Forts Marcy and Ethan Allen. Bayard's cavalry will con- 
nect with SigeTs cavalry on the right and picket from Lewinsville to 
the dirt road to Fairfax CourtHouse and connect with Buford's cav- 
alry on the left. Buford's cavalry will connect with Bayard's cavalry 
on the right and picket to Padgett's Tavern on Little River turnpike and 
thence to the Orange and Alexandria Eailroad. The cavalry will 
patrol the roads and keep under observation the country in their front, 
as far as consistent with the strength of their animals, to ascertain 
the proximity and location of the enemy. The cavalry will communi- 
cate information of the approach of an enemy. Bayard to commander 
at Upton's Hill, Buford to commander at Clou<l's Mill. Each com- 
mander will provide daily at the advanced guard of infantry messen- 
gers to communicate with the main guards in their rear. No persons 
will be permitted to pass out of the lines, except by authority of the 
major-general commanding or superior authority. All persons coming 
iTi will be taken to the nearest commander, and the name and circum- 
stances of the arrest reported to these headquarters. If of importance 
the persons will be sent in under guard. 

Bv command of Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter: 

FEED. T. LOCKE, 

[18.J Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Washington, September ,s, JSOS — 8.20 a. m. 
General Stkes, 

Commanding Regulars, TennalVytown : 
The commanding general directs that you move on with your command 
to Bockville this morning. 

R. B. MA"RCY, 
[19-] Chief of Staff. 



Washington, D. C, September 8, 1862 — 9.30 p. m. 
Col. D. S. Miles: 

Keep us informed of whatever occurs in your vicinity. 

H. W. HALLEOK, 

[19-] Oeneral-in- Chief. 

Headquarters, 
Rockville, Md., September 8, 18G2 — 8.50 p. m. 
His Excellency Governor Ctjrtin, 

Harrisburg, Pa.: 
I am endeavoring to get all the information about the movements of 
the rebel army possible, but as yet this information conies to me from 
U7ireliable sources, and is vague and conflicting. My army is in position 
to perform the best service in frustrating any schemes the enemy may 
have, whether they advance on Washington or into Pennsylvania. You 
may rely upon my using mj' best endeavors to defeat them wherever 
they go. You will conifer an especial favor if you will take steps to 
obtain all possible information of the enemy's movements and commu- 
nicate them to me should he advance toward your State. 

GEO. B. McCLELLAN, 
[19,1 Major- General. 



CHAp.LXni.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 801 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Gamp near RockvilU, September 9,1862— 8.45 p. m. 
Governor A. (r. Curtin, 

Harrisburg : 
Telegram just received.* It agrees in the main with the information 
1 have gathered, except that Jaclcson's headquarters are said to be 
to day at New Market; Stuart's at Urbana. My cavalry drove the 
enemy out of Barnesville to day, taking eighteen i)risoners, of whom 
three [ are] commissioned officers ; ran them two miles. We have retaken 
the Sugar Loaf Mountain. Captured to-day the standard of a rebel 
regiment of cavalry. My troops are now so posted as to [be] easily 
thrown in any required direction. Please keep me fully informed, as 
you have done, and rely upon my best efforts not only to protect Wash- 
ingtou and Baltimore, but also Pennsylvania. 

G. B. MoCLELLAN, 
[ 10. 1 Major- General. 

Special Orders, \ Hdqrs. Third Corps, Armv of Virginia, 

No. 3. ) Lecsborotcgh, Md., September 9, 1862. 

On the receipt of this order the Third Division will march and take 
post at Brookeville. As soon as it has passed, the First Division will 
follow it and encamp at Mechanicsville, and the Second Division will 
make its encampment as nearly in rear of the First as the character of 
the ground will permit. Major Houston will precede the corps to point 
out the respective sites for the camps. 

By command of Major-General Hooker: 

JOS. DICKINSON, 

[19. J Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Special Orders, ) Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

No. 124. ( Arlington House, Ya., September 9, 1862. 

1. Colonel Price is hereby directed to take command of Buford's bri- 
gade and post it in such maimer as may best enable him to carry out 
the instructions of the commanding general. 

2. The following-named regiments are assigned to duty with Morell's 
division, and will report for duty as follows: Twentieth Maine Volun- 
teers, Col. Adelbert Ames, to Butterfleld's brigade, Col. T. B. W. Stock- 
ton commanding; One hundred and eighteenth Pennsylvania, Colonel 
Prevost, to Martindale's brigade, Col. James Barnes commanding; Sec- 
ond Regiment District of Columbia Volunteers, Colonel Alexander, to 
Griffin's brigade, Brig. Gen. Charles Griffin commanding. 

By command of Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter: 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Gamp near Boolcville, September 9, 1862 — 11.30 a. m. 

Major-General Burnside: 

What news have you this morning? Governor Curtin telegraphs 
that scout from Hagerstown this morning says no rebels nearer than 

•Proljably that of 10.30 a. m., Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 229. 
51 R t;— voT. Li, PT I 



802 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. rCnAP. Lxni. 

Middletown, five miles from Fi'cderick. He has positive information, 
however, that Lieutenant-Colonel Brum [Burks!], of Stuart's cavalry, 
intends making a raid upon Hagerstown. Nothing from Martiusburg. 
Eoad in both directions unprotected. They exi)ect to reopen telegraph 
ofBce at Hagerstown this evening, and will send about 400 cavalry from 
Carlisle to Hagerstown to-night, and patrol all that region to secure 
information. Please communicate fully and frequently Avith these 
headquarters. 

By command of Major-General McClellan: 

K. B. MAECY, 

(19.1 Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

September .9, 1862 — 1.45 p. m. 

General J. G. Parke, 

Chief of Staff, Leesborough, Va. [Mil.]: 

A telegraph dispatch was sent to General Burnside last night direct- 
ing him to move his command this morning to Cracklintown and 
Goshen. The telegraph operator at Leesborough says he received the 
dispatch at 3 o'clock this morning. As no acknowledgment has been 
received of this dispatch, and as you say nothing of the movement in 
your telegrams, it is feared that the general did not get the order. The 
movement is an im])ortant one, taken in connection with the movements 
of other troops, and it is desirable that your troops should occupy the 
positions named to-night. Please inform me at once whether the order 
was received and at what time. 

K. B. MAKCY, 

[19.J Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Gamji near Rockville, September 9, 1862 — 3 p. m. 
Major-General Burnside, 

Leesborough : 
Drive in enemy's pickets on turnpike and railroad as far as possible 
in tlic direction of Kidgeville and beyond by cavalry and section of 
horse artillery. Ascertain strength of enemy if possible; endeavor to 
cut otf Captain Beardsley; take steps that no one shall pass along the 
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad or the National road without your knowl- 
edge; push reconnaissances north of the railroad as far as possible 
toward Westminster. 
By command of Major-General McClellan : 

R. B. MARCY, 
[19-] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Camp near Rockville, September 9, 1862 — 10 a. m. 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton, 

Poolesville : 
Major Myer, Chief Signal Officer, thinks the possession of Sugar 
Loaf Mountain as a signal station will be of great importance to us, 



Chap.LXIII.] CORKESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 803 

aud that its possession by the euemy is of great benefit to them. Will 
it be possible for us to get possession of it without incurring much risk? 

R. B. MAECY, 

Chief of Staff. 

V. S. — A Lieutenant Rowley, signal officer, says he was at the moun- 
tain a day or two ago, and that there was no enemy there on Saturday. 

E. B. M. 

[19.] 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Gamp near Jioclville, September 9, 1862 — 12 m. 
Brig. Cien. Alfred Pleasonton, Foolesville: 

"What news have you this morning? Please communicate fully and 
frequently with these headquarters. A dispatch sent to you last even- 
ing was by mistake directed to Major Pleasonton, instead of General 
Pleasonton. Please comply with the directions therein contained to 
push your cavalry as far to the front as yf)n may deem consistent with 
safety. 
By command of Major-General McOlellau : 

E. B. MARCY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Gamp near Hockvillc, September 9, 1862 — 10 a. m. 

Major-General Keyes, Yorlctoicn: 

Push forward Couch's batteries immediately to Alexandria, with 
instructions to report by telegraph to Colonel Hunt, chief of artillery. 
They are much needed here. 

By command of Major-General McClellau : 

E. B. MAROY, 

1 18. J Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Camp near Kochville^ September !i, 1862 — 6 p. m. 

Maj. Gen. E. D. Keyes, Yorktown : 

I'ash forward with all speed the embarkation of J'eck's division and 
artillery for Alexandria. It is needed. 

By command of Major-General McClellan : 

E. B. MARCY, 

[IS. J Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Boclcville, September 9, 1862—12 m, 
Maj. Gen. J. E, Wool, Baltimore, Mil. : 

This army moved forward to-day to the line of the Seneca Creek, 
occupying for the night Darnestown, Middleburg, Cracklintown, and 
Unity, with pickets out at Eidgeville and beyond. No large forces of 
the rebels this side the Monocacy so far as I can learn. Have you 
anything from above Frederick this morning? 

GEO. B. McCLELLAN, 
[19. J Major- General, 



804 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

Hbadquakters Army of THii Potomac, 

Gamp near Rochville, September 'J, 18G2 — 10 a. m. 

Capt. C. G. Sawtelle, 

Assistant Quartermaster, Washington: 

The general commaiKling- directs that you send forward all of Aver- 
ell's cavalry as rai)idly as possible to these headquarters as fast as it 
is disembarked. 

It. B. MAliOY, 

[19.] Chief of Staff. 



IlEADQUAETEKS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC, 

Ca«y) near lioclanlle, September 9, 186i' — (J p.jn. 

Capt. C. G. Sawtelle, 

Assistant Quartermaster, Washington : 
Push down, if necessary, transportation to bring up Peck's division 
and artillery. 

By command of Major-General McClellan : 

R. B. MAECY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters, 
Harper's Ferry, SeiHember 9, 1862. 
Brigadier-Cxeneral White, 

Commanding, Martinsbunj, Va. : 

Dear General: I send you an engine and two gondolas, that you 
may place a guard for protection of engine. No enemy in Shenandoah 
Valley but one regiment of about 400 cavalry close in to Winchester. 
None at Gharlestown, Berryville, or Smithfield. A great fight com- 
menced yesterday down the river; firing lieard this morning. Our 
whole army, with General Wool from Baltimore, advancing. The 
rei)ort of Downey, that the enemy had advanced from Frederick to 
Hagerstown or to Boonsborougli, is unfounded. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

D. S. MILES. 

[19.1 



Headquarters, 
Harper's Ferry, September !), ISfiH. 
Colonel Ford: 

Send out Major Corliss on Sharpsburg road to communicate with 
Captain Welsh at Shepherdstown, to direct Captain Welsh to inform 
Colonel Downey at Kearneysville immediately tliat the telegraph wire 
between this and Martinsburg has been broken ; to send a party east 
and west to repair it. There is not over 400 rebel cavalry in Shenan- 
doah Valley, and none but few scattering pickets this side of Winches- 
ter. You will allow no person to pass your outer pickets into Maryland 
unless signed by the colonel commanding the division. 
I am, colonel, respectfully, your obedient servant, 

D. S. MILES, 
[19.] Colonel Second Infantry. 



Chap.LXIII.] COERESPONDENCE, etc. — UNION. 805 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Washington, September 10, 1862—10.30 p. in. 
Brig. Gen. S. Williams, 

Amistant Adjutant- Oeneral, Headquarters near Rockville: 

I sent copy of Captain King's order through General Porter and 
copy of Captain Walker's through Colonel Beckwitb. I know that 
Captain Dandy is colonel of the One hundredth New York, and I hear 
I'eck's division is ordered up. The point is how to reach Captain Dandy. 
Where is he now? Col. Thomas L. Kane (now brigadier-general of vol- 
unteers) reported this morning, and asked me to forward his regards to 
the general and all the staff. Before General Heintzelman was put in 
command on the other side it became necessary, in consequence of con- 
fusion in orders and troops, as well as in regard to digging and chop- 
ping, to limit General Abercrombie's responsibility to Forts Marcy and 
Ethan Allen and their approaches. This I forgot to tell you until the 
order about Heintzelman was published, which would have effected 
the same thing. General Banks wants to give General Abercrombie 
another regiment as soon as he can. The One hundred and nineteenth 
New York and Ele\ enth Vermont have gone to Haskin to-day and are 
posted near Forts Lincoln and Bunker Hill. The Fifth Maryland 
arrived after 1 reported Weber's brigade, and was by order of General 
Halleck directed to proceed to headquarters without delay and report 
to General MeClellan. I will find out in the morning whether it has 
gone. A telegram just received from General Porter says that a scout- 
ing party passed through Fairfax Court-House, Vienna, Freedom Hill, 
and Union Church, but found no enemy. They were going on to find 
out about a picket which they heard of near Hunter's Mills and Dranes- 
ville. Your telegram of 10 p. m. about Hooker's order just received. 

RICHD. B. liiWIN, 
Captain, Aide-de-Camp, and Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 

[19.] 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Camp near Roclcville, Heptemher 10, 1862 — 3.15 a. m. 
Maj. Gen. E. V. Sumner, 

Middlebroolc : 
General: General Bnrnside moves immediately with his command 
to Kidgeville. The major-general commanding directs that you imme- 
diately move one of your corps to Damascus and the other to Clarksburg. 
The one sent to Damascus must move so as to occupy that place as 
soon as it shall have been left by Burnside's troops. It is important 
that this place should be held continuously, and that no interval should 
intervene between the passing of Burnside's troops through it and its 
occupation by your forces. Franklin is ordered to march at once to 
Barnesville. Keep in communication with Burnside on your right and 
Franklin on your left, holding all important points. Send a vStaff officer 
to report here as soon as you shall have established your new head- 
quarters. 
Bv command of Major-General McClellau: 

R. B. MARCY, 
[19.1 Chief of 8taff. 



806 MD., E N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [CHAr. LXin. 

I[EADQUARTERS ABMY OF THE POTOMAC, 

Gamp near Bockville, September 10, 1862 — 10,30 a. m. 

Major-General Sumnee, 

Midcllebroolc : 

General: The general coniinandiiig directs that you suspend the 
movement ordered this morning till further orders, holding your com- 
mand ready to move at shoi't notice. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

R. B. MARGY, 
[19.] Chief of iStaff. 

Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 
Camp near Eockville, September 10, 1S02 — 10.50 p. m. 
Maj. Gen. E. V. Sumner, 

Commanding Corps, tfcc. ; 
General: General McClellan is now absent at Brookeville, with 
General Burnside, but will return to-night. Your dispatch announcing 
the positions of the troops under your command is received, and one of 
your orderlies is kept here to communicate as soon as possible any 
orders General McClellan may have for you on his return. Franklin 
arrived at Barnesville at 3 p. m. to-day, and has placed his corps in 
position at that point. There has been some rebel force at Sugar Loaf 
Mountain to-day and some skirmishing, .and it is probable Franklin 
will attempt to drive them from the mountain in the morning. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

R. B. MARGY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



General Orders, ) Headquarters Sixth Army Corps, 

No. 31. I September 10, 1862. 

The following-named officers are announced as on the staff of the 
general commanding the corps: Lieut. Col. O. D. Greene, U. S. Volun- 
teers, assistant adjutant-general and chief of staff; Lieut. Col. E. R. 
Piatt, U. S. Volunteers, inspector-general; Lieut. Col. C. W. Tolles, 
U. S. Volunteers, quartermaster; Lieut. Col. (xeorge Bell, TJ. S. Volun 
teers, commissary of subsistence; Maj. E. S. Purdy, U. S. Volnnteers, 
senior aide-de camp; Capt. J. P. Baker, U. S. Volunteers, aide de-camp; 
Capt. Joseph C. Jackson, U. S. Volunteers, aide-de-camp. They will 
be obeyed and resiiected accordingly. 
By command of Major- General Franklin : 

O. D. GREENE, 
Assistant Adjutant-General and Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac 
Camp near liockville, September 10, 1862—3.20 a. m. 
Major General Franklin, 

Darnestoicn : 
Sumner is ordered to move at once, with his and Banks' corps to 
occupy Damascus and Clarksburg. You will move your corps forward 
immediately, to occupy Barnesville. General Couch is directed to move 
his command to Poolesville, leaving sunicient force along the road to 
watch the river till other troops from Washington can be obtained to 



Ubap.LXIII.] correspondence, ETC. UNION. 807 

relieve him of this duty. Upon the arrival of these other troops, those 
now watching the river will rejoin the division. Keep up communica- 
tion with Sumner on your right and Couch on your left, holding all 
important points. Send a staff officer to re])ort at these headquarters 
as soon as you shall have established your troops in their new position. 

By command of Major-General McGlellan : 

K. B. MAROY, 

[19.] Chief of Staff. 

Hbabquartbrs Ariiy of the Potomac, 
Camp near Eocl-villc, September 10, 1862 — 10.30 a. m. 
Major-General Franklin, 

Darnestown : 
The general commanding directs you to suspend the movement 
ordered this morifing till further orders, holding your command ready 
to march at short order. General Couch is ordered to move to Pooles- 
ville. General IMcClellan directs that you send a small force down to 
Seneca to watch that place. Should this force find any of General 
Couch's men at Seneca, such men will be directed to join their division 
at once. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

R. B. MAROY, 
[19.J Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

Camp near Kockvillc, September 10, 18(J2. 
Maj. Gen. W. B. Franklin, 

Dariiestown : 
General: General Pleasonton has reported that the enemy have 
opened on his troops on Sugar Loaf Mountain with three guns and 
that they have some infantry with them. (Jeneral Couch has been 
directed to hurry a brigade to the support of (ieneral Pleasonton, and 
if necessary, all of his comnmnd except enough to picket the roads 
from Poolesville to Seneca Mills, Edwards Ferry, and Conrad's Ferry. 
The Sugar Loaf Mountain must be carried if possible, and Generals 
Couch and Pleasonton have been informed that you will support the 
movement if necessary. If General Couch should send to you for 
assistance you will please furnish it as rapidly as possible. 

R. B. MARCY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 

Headcjuarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 10, 1803 — 3 p. m. 
General W. B. Franklin, 

Barnesville : 
The commanding general directs that you take the control of the 
movement to carry Sugar Loaf Mountain, and accomplish the impor- 
tant object if it can be done without incurring the risk of losing your 
command. The general expects to visit you this afternoon. Please 
report often, and keep the general advised of everything important 
that occurs. 

R. B. MAROY, 
[19,] Chief of Staff. 



808 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXin. 

Headqiiaktees Akmy of the Potomac, 

Camp near Boclcville, tieiitember 10, 1862. 

General W. B. Franklin, 

Barnesville : 

(ieneral McClellan is now absent at Brookeville with General Burn- 
side, but will be back to-night. Your aide. Captain Jackson, will 
remain here to-night. As soon as General McGlellan returns lie will 
communicate with you by telegraph, (ieneral Pleasonton's latest dis- 
patches have been repeated to him. Banks' corps is within one mile 
of Damascus, and Sumner's corps is three miles east of Clarksburg, 
encami)ed for the night. Nothing new from the right today. 

K. B. MAKCY, 

(19.1 Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Camp near EockviUe, September 10, 1862 — 3.30 a. m. 

Major-General Couch, 

Seneca : 

General Franklin is ordered to move at once to Barnesville. You 
will immediately move your command to Poolesville, leaving sufficient 
force along the road to watch the river. You will report the number 
and kind of troops required for this purpose, in order that they may be 
sent from Washington to replace those left by you. Upon being re- 
placed your men will rejoin the division. Keep in communication with 
General Franklin. Send an officer to report at these headquarters as 
soon as your troops shall have been placed in their new i)osition. 

By command of Major-General McClellan : 

E. B. MAECY, 

IIO.J Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Camp near Rockville, September 10, 1862 — 12.30 p. m. 
Major-General Couch, 

Toolesville ; 
Pleasonton will take possession of Sugar Loaf Mountain, if possible. 
Furnish him infantry to assist him should he call upon you for any. If 
necessary, go to his assistance with your main force and assume cliarge 
yourself of the expedition. In such case you will leave sufficient force 
to watch Poolesville. Should you require additional troops call upon 
Franklin at Darnestown to furnish thein. 
By command of Major-General McClellan : 

E. B. MAECY, 
(lO-l Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Camp near lioclcville, September 10,1862 — 1.15 p.m. 
Maj. Gen. I). N. Couch, 

Poolesville : 
General Pleasonton reports that the rebels have opened with three 
guns on his troops on Sugar Loaf Mountain, and that they have some 
iufautry with them. The general commanding desires you to hurry 



Chap.LXIII.) correspondence, etc. UNION. 809 

forward a brigade to the support of General Pleasonton as rapidly as 
possible. His headquarters are at Baruesville. The mountain must be 
carried if it takes all your command, except sufficient to picket strongly 
the roads to Seneca Mills, Edwards Ferry, and Conrad's Ferry. Gen- 
eral Franklin has been ordered to afford you any assistance that may 
be necessary to accomplish the object. 

II. B. MARGY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 10, 1863. 
General D. H, Couch, Poolesville : 

Received your two telegrams. Please draw in all but the five com- 
panies as you propose. You need not send the brigade to Pleasonton, 
unless called upon by General Franklin. 

R. B. MARCY, 

[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 10, 1862—10.30 a. m. 
Major-General Burnside, Brookeville : 

The general commanding directs that you suspend the movement 
ordered this morning till further orders, holding your command ready 
to move at short notice. He also wishes you to send out a strong 
reconnaissance to Damascus and Ridgeville for the purpose of ascer- 
taining if the position at Ridgeville can be turned on the right, or if 
the ridge between Ridgeville and Damascus admits of the passage of 
the enemy between the two places, and whether your command and 
Sumner's can hold the two points against a large force of the enemy. 

R. B. MARCY, 
[19.) Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Catnp near Jiockville, September 10, 1862 — 11 a. m. 

Major-General Burnside, Brool-eviUe : 

Should you find that the position at Ridgeville is sufficiently strong 
to enable a division to make a stout resistance against any force the 
enemy can bring against it, and should yon satisfy yourself that there 
is no very large number of the enemy between that point and Fred- 
erick you are authorized to leave the division which makes the recon- 
naissance at Ridgeville. This is left discretionary with you. It is 
believed to be an important point to hold, in view of checking any 
advance of the enemy iu that direction. 

R. B. MARCY, 

[19.] Chief of Staff. 

Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Third Corps, Army of Virginia, 

Ifo. 0. ] MechanicsviUe, Md., September 10, 1862. 

On receipt of this order Reynolds' division will resume its march, via 
Brookeville, on the old national road to i'oplar Springs. Hatch's 
division will follow Reynolds as soon as the latter division is eu route. 



810 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXni. 

The wagons belougiiig to these divisious will precede or follow Kick- 
etts' column, which will march by the same road to Cooksville. Owen's 
cavalry will precede the column which moves to Poplar Springs, and 
one troop of Harris Light Cavalry will follow each division as it marches 
to prevent straggling and depredations. The residue of this cavalry 
will follow up the rear of the corps. Major Houston will report to the 
headquarters of General Burnside for guides, and see that they are 
properly distributed; also to select and point out suitable encamp- 
ments for the divisions of the corps. 

Bv command of Maior-General Hooker : 

JOS. DICKINSON, 

[19.1 Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Headquaeteks Army op the Potomac, 

Gamp near Bockville, September 10, 1862 — 4 p. m. 

Major-General Banks, 

Washington : 
In your dispatch of 11.15 this morning, you say that it seems most 
probable that the main body of the enemy is not between Leesburg 
and the mountains. General McClellan desires to know whether the 
mountains referred to are the Bull Run Mountain or the Catoctin 
Mountain.* 

R. B. MARCY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Gamp near Roclcville, September 10, 1862 — 3.30 a. m. 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton, 

Poolesville: 

Burnside is ordered to move at once to Ridgeville; Sumner with his 
and Banks' corps to Damascus and Clarksburg; Franklin to Barnes- 
ville, and Couch to Poolesville, keeping in communication with each 
other. 

By command of Major-General McClellan : 

R. B. MARCY, 

fl9.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Gamp near Roclcville, September 10, 1802 — 11.15 o. m. 
Brig. Gen. A. Pleasonton, 

Barnesville : 
Your dispatch of 8.20 a. m. received. It is important to know what 
the movements you allude to across the Potomac mean. It is also 
important to occupy Sugar Loaf Mountain if it can be done without 
incurring too great risk. Your course in regard to obtaining supplies 
meets the entire approbation of the general commanding. You can 
continue this course at any time, giving receipts for what you procure. 
The reconnaissances you contemplate are in the highest degree desir- 
able. Ste))S will be taken at once to get you the Sharps carbines. In 
the meantime can you not put the carbines you have temporarily into 

* For reply, see 8.30 p. ui., Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 237. 



Chap.LXIII.] correspondence, ETC. UNION. 811 

tLe bands of the serviceable regiments to rebeve those that have been 
overworked ? General Couch will move to Poolesville this morning, 
where be will be within supporting distance of you. 

E. B. MAKGY, 
[lO-] Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army of the roTOMAC, 
Cuiiq) near Eockville, September 10, 18G2 — 11.30 a. m. 
Brig. Gen. A. Plkasonton, 

Barnesville : 
Exercise your own judgment about moving to Hyattstown. The 
movements of Generals Bnrnside,'Sumner, and Franklin, ordered this 
morning, are suspended. General Burnside last night sent out scouts 
to Ridgeville and to within three miles of New Market. They only 
saw a few pickets of the enemy, and were told that Stuart's cavalry 
occupied Xew Market; that the main body of the enemy was at Fred- 
erick still. This information you will observe differs somewhat from 
yours. Burnside makes another reconnaissance in force to liidgeville 
this morning. 

E. B. MARCY, 

Chief of Staff. 

P. S. — Supplies of provisions will probably reach the mouth of Seneca 
Creek to-day by canal. 

[19.] 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Crimp near Eochville, September 10, 1862 — 12 m. 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton, 

Barnesville : 
Couch moved to Poolesville to-day, but Franklin's order to march is 
suspended till further orders. Send to Couch if you need infantry for 
Sugar Loaf. If he has not force enough he will call on Franklin. It 
is important to possess Sugar Loaf. 
By command of Major-General McClellan : 

E. B. MARCY, 
[19.J Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Camp near Bockville, September 10, 1862 — 1.40 p. m. 

Brig. Gen. A. Pleasonton, 

Barnenville : 

Your two dispatches of 11.30 a. m. received. General Couch will 
hasten a brigade to Barnesville at once. General Franklin will be 
directed to send more troops to your support upon your calling for 
them. The mountain must be carried if ])ossible. General Couch to 
picket the roads you indicate. Communicate this to General Couch by 
special messenger. The order to him will be sent by telegraph from 
here. If the bulk of his forces are required he has been ordered to 
assume command. 

E. B. MARCY, 

[19.] Chief of Staff'. 



812 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. (Chap. LXIII. 

IIakper's Terry, September 10, 1862. 
Brigadier General White, 

Comnumding, Martinsburfj, Va. : 

(tENERAL : Yours of yesterday arrived during my absence on tbe 
lines, which prevented my answering. As there is no force of conse- 
quence that I ciin hear of in the Shenandoah Valley but straggling 
guerrillas, which a small force can resist, it is important that Downey's 
forces should remain in i^osition to protect the railroad until I can 
obtain luy supplies, particularly Opequon bridge. I have the utmost con- 
fidence that McClelhin (who is General in-Chief, Halleck being Secre- 
tary of War, Tope and McDowell removed) will drive the enemy across 
the Potomac, and whichever way he comes we must do our best to retard 
and harass him; any force over 15,000 [which] he brings, our united 
forces could do no more than take position, or [if J separated to dodge. 
My orders are with my command to hold this place at all hazards and to 
the last extremity. To divide uiy command would lead to the loss of 
this place and destruction of the detachment I should send out. This, 
then, could not be done without acting contrary to the orders and 
wishes of the Government. Should the enemy retreat on any other 
line than through this place it is my intention, having my base secure, 
to sally with what force I can spare and attack his leading columns, 
obstruct roads, &c. But I could not make a detachment to go to so 
open a place as Kcarneysville, liable to be turned on both tlanks by the 
enemy marching from Maryland, and could be cut oft' from any direc- 
tion but one road to Winchester or Romney. My pickets and scouts 
have been very successful in grabbing those of the enemy, aTid making 
his whole army beat to arms, keeping him continually annoyed. 
I am, general, with great respect, your obedient servant. 

D. S. MILES, 

[19.] Colonel Second Infantry. 



Martinsbukg, September 10, 1862. 
Colonel Miles: 

Colonel Downey reports to me from Shepherdstown that he encoun- 
tered the enemy at or near Boonsborough to-day with a force of all 
arms advancing, but don't say whether toward Shepherdstown or 
Hagerstown. Better strengthen Shepherdstown with cavalry imme- 
diately and Kcarneysville with infantry and artillery. * 

JULIUS WHITE, 

[1*^-] Brigadier-General. 

War Department, 
Washington, D. (J., September 10, 1863. 
Thomas A. Scott, Esq., PMJadelphia : 

Your telegram just received* and exhibited to General Halleck, who 
will answer that part of it which relates to your reijuest for guns and 
ammunition to be brought from Pittsburg and eastern points. I will 
see Colonel Wright on his arrival here. No general officer has been 
detailed for Pennsylvania, but the State being within General Wool's 
department, he has been ordered to go to Philadelphia, and will proba- 
bly be there this evening. 

EDWIN M. STANTON, 
[19- J Secretary of War. 

' See Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 249. 



CBAP.LXIU.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 813 

War Department, 
WuHhington City, September 10. 1802. 
Thomas Webster, Morton McMichael, John W. ]-'orney, 

OommiUee, Philadelphia : 
Your telegram received.* I will do the best in my power for you. 
If you know or Lave heard of any ollicer coming uj) anywhere near 
your description of the one you need, please make me happy by naming 
him, and I will make you hapny by assigning him to your city.* 

EDWIK M. STANTON, 
[1*J.| Secretary of War. 



Philadelphia, Sejdemher 10, 1802. 

(Received 10 p. m.) 
Major-General Halleck: 

All the forces of Pennsylvania have been forwarded by the Governor, 
as directed by the General Government. It is now a question of home 
defense for our own capital, and if you have surplus guns and ammu- 
nition in the West or East, it is believed that our citizens would rise en 
masse to protect the capital, provided you will give them any means 
of doing so.t 

THOMAS A. SCOTT. 

[19.J 



Headquarters, 
Washington, September 11, 1802 — 12.30 p. m. 

Brig. Gen. S. Williams, 

Asst. Adjt. Gen., Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac, beyond Jiochville: 
By direction of the General-in Chief abattery (McMahan's, of Heintzel- 
man's corps) was sent yesterday evening to the Eelay House to report 
to the commanding ofBcer there, (leneral Casey is ordered this morn- 
ing to send two additional regiments to (ieneral Abercrombie. Arrivals 
yesterday: Eleventh Vermont, assigned to Haskin; One hundred and 
thirtieth New York, for GeneralDix ; ( )ne hundred and nineteenth Now 
York, assigned to Haskin; and Thirty-seventh Massachusetts, Weber's 
brigade, and the Fifth Maryland couldn't get transportation and sub- 
sistence last night, but promise to march this morning. I will have 
them hurried up. Colonel Sawtelle says headquarters has moved. 

lilCHD. B. IRWIN, 
Captain, Aide-de-Camp, and Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 

[19.] 



Headquarters Defenses of Washington, 

September 11, 1862—12.45 a. m. 
Maj. Gen. S. P. Heintzelman, 

Commanding Defenses, &c., Arlington : 

General Barnard urges the necessity of cavalry patrols all over the 

country toward Vienna and Fairfax Court-House. The brigades of 

Bayard and Buford, now under General Porter, should give sufficient 

force to do this work thoroughly. The picket-line ought to be well 

* See Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 251. 

tSee Halleck to Scott, Vol XIX, Part II, p. 250. 



814 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

established, especially in front of Sijjel and Abercrombie, where there 
still seems to be some ditticulty. Please order a battery to relieve Bat- 
tery A, First Virginia Artillery, under General Slongb, near Ellsworth, 
and direct the latter to join General Sigel, to whose corps it belongs. 
General Slough should be relieved from command in the front to enable 
him to give undivided attention to his duties as military governor of 
Alexandria. Please give the necessary orders to that effect. Please 
acknowledge. 

By command of Maior-General Banks : 

RICHD. B. mWIN, 
Captain, Aide-de-Camp, and Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 

[19.] 



Headquaktees Aemy of the Potomac, 

Gamp near Roclcville, September 11, 1862 — 12 m. 
Capt. C. G. Sawtelle, 

N'o. 221 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washingto7i : 
Instead of proceeding to Poolesville via Offutt's Cross-Boads and 
Seneca, Peck's division will march, immediately upon its arrival, to 
Rockville, where it Avill find orders for its further movements. 
By command of Major-General McCIellau : 

R. B. MARCY, 
[19.] Chief of Staf. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Camp near lioclcville, September 11, 1802 — 1.15 p. m. 
Major-General Sumnee: 
(Via Clarksburg.) 
General: The general commanding desires to know the state of 
affairs with you. He directs you to endeavor to cooperate with Frank- 
lin in taking the Sugar Loaf by pushing a brigade or two on its rear via 
Hyattstown, first ascertaining whether there is any strong force at 
Urbana. The road to Urbaiia should be examined with a view to mov- 
ing there should Burnside reach New Market. You will not move there, 
however, till further .orders, but still hold yourself ready for such a 
movement. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. B. MARCY, 
[1^-] Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army of the Poi'omac, 

Camp at Middleburg, September 11, 1862 7 p. m. 

Maj. Gen. E. V. Sumner, 

Clarlsburg : 
General : The general commanding wishes you, unless you receive 
other orders during the night, to move your corps and that commanded 
by General Williams to Urbana at daylight tomorrow morning. Frank- 
lin will move np to your left. Couch will occupy Baruesville. Franklin 
has taken Sugar Loaf Mountain. The commanding general wishes you 
to post General Williams near the point on the Monrovia and New 
Market road where the road to Ijamsville leaves it, about two miles from 



Chap.lxiii.] correspondence, ETC. UNION. 815 

UrbaTia. Burnside will be at New Market and Franklin on your left 
to morrow. There is reason to believe that the enemy is moving from 
Frederick to Hagerstown. 
Eespectfully, 

E. B. MARCY, 

Chief of Staff. 

P. S. — Do not take this report of the retreat of the enemy for granted. 
Be very cautious and careful to i»ush out skirmishers and advanced 
guards well to the front. 

R. B. M. 

[19.] 



Headquarters Armt of the Potomac, 
Gamp near Bockville, September 11, 1802 — 1.15 a. m. 
General George Stkes, 

Commanding Regular Division: 
General: The commanding general directs that you move your 
command from its i)resent cam]) at a sufiBciently early hour this morn- 
ing to enable you to reach Clarksburg tonight, or as far iu that direc- 
tion as you can go without fatiguing your men unduly. He wishes your 
command kept as fresh as possible under the circumstances. Head- 
quarters will move after you and encamp in your neighborhood at night. 
Yery respectfully, yours, 

R. B. MAROY, 
[19.1 Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Camp near Rockville, September 11, 1862 — 1 a. m. 

Major-General Franklin, 

Barnesville : 

The general commanding directs you to remain at Barnesville to-mor- 
row and to put yourself in communication with General Sumner at 
Clarksburg. He further directs that you carry Sugar Loaf to-morrow 
if possible. Should you find the enemy there iu very strong force, you 
will await the result of Sumner's advance on Hyattsville and commu- 
nicate direct with General McClellan at Clarksburg, who will arrange 
to cut off the garrison of Sugar Loaf. The earlier Sugar Loaf is gained 
the better. Couch is directed to remain at Poolesville and watch all 
fords in vicinity. Acknowledge receipt. 

Bv command of Major-General McClellan : 

R. B. MARCY, 

[19.1 C/iie/ of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Gamp near Rockville, September 11, 18r,2—l p. m. 

Major-General Franklin, 

Barnesville : 

General : The general commanding desires you to communicate all 

you know bearing on the i)ropriety and possibility of our throwing a 

column over the Monocacy at its mouth to cut the retreat of the rebels. 

An officer has been sent to General Sumner to learn the state of things 



816 Ml)., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIIX. 

with Lim, to instru(-t Lim to co-operate with you in taking the Sugar 
Loaf by pushing a brigade or two on its rear via Hyattstown, first 
ascertaining whether there is any strong force at Urbana, the road to 
which should be examined with a view of moving thither should Burn- 
side reach Kew Market. In tbis case the general would push Couch 
to Barnesville, yourself near Urbana, Banks moving to the same vicin- 
ity, but between Sumner and Burnside. The general desires to impress 
upon you the necessity of gaining the Sugar Loaf, if possible, and of 
your being ready to move to your right if necessary. Communicate by 
telegraph to this point, as also by courier to Middleburg and Clarks- 
burg, as the general commanding may be at either one of these points 
to-night. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. B. MARCY, 

Chief of Staff. 

P. S. — Be ready to move to Urbana in case Burnside should reach 
New Market. 

K. B. M. 

[19-J 



TtEADQUARTERS AeMY OF THE POTOMAC, 

Middlebrool; September n, 18G2 — 7 p. in. 
Maj. Gen. W. B. Franklin, Barnesville: 

General: The commanding general directs that you move your 
corps at daylight tomorrow morning to a point about two miles from 
Urbana, on the road leading from Urbana to Buckeystown, where a 
road crosses it coming from the direction of Ijamsville. Sumner will 
be on your right, near LTrbana; Williams on his right, upon the road 
leading to Monrovia and Ijamsville; Burnside at New Market, and 
Couch at Barnesville. It has been reported that the greater part of the 
enemy's forces at Frederick have moved toward Hagerstown, but the 
commanding general wishes you, in advancing from your present posi- 
tion, to keep scouts and advanced guards well to your front, and to 
move cautiously. 

E. B. MAECY, 

[19-1 Chief of Staf. 

Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

Cavip near Boclnnlle, September 11, 1802 1 a. m. 

Major-General Couch, Poolesville: 

Eemain at Poolesville and watch all fords in vicinity. Franklin is 
.ordered to carry Sugar Loaf if possible to-morrow. 
By command of Major-General McClellan : 

R. B. MAECY, 
1 19- J Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army op the Potomac 

liochville, September 11, 1862 12 45 v m 

General D. N. Couch, " 

Commanding Division, Poolesville : 
General: The general commanding desires to know how strongly 
you picket the Potomac. He also desires you to hold your command 



Chap.lxiii] correspondence, etc. — UNION. 817 

ready to luove at slioit notice to Baruesville if you slioiild receive the 
order. Please \vatch the fords well, and have your picket at the mouth 
of the Moiiociicy, ready'to destroy the bridge across that stream if it 
should become necessary. Give us all the news of the enemy iu your 
possession, and report by telegraph. These headquarters will be either 
here, at Middleburg, or Clarksburg to-night. Send anything of great 
importance to all of these places after 5 o'clock. 
Respectfully, 

11. 1!. MAKCY, 
[19-J Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Middlebrool; Septemher 11, 18G3 — 7 i>. m. 
Maj. Geu. D. N. Couch, roolesville: 

The commanding general directs you, after leaving a brigade at the 
ford near the mouth of the Monacacy and your other guards at the 
other fords below, to move with the remainder of your division to 
Barnesville at daylight to-morrow morning. Generals Franklin, Sum- 
ner, and Williams will be on your right, near Urbana; General Burn- 
side at New Market. 

11. B. MAliCY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Camj) near Eockville, September 11, 1S63 — 12.05 p. m. 
Maj. Gen. A. E. Burnside, 

Commanding Corps : 

General : General Franklin reports last night that the rebels, with 
a force of about a brigade of infantry and twelve pieces of artillery, 
resisted General Pleasonton's attempt to carry Sugar Loaf Mountain. 
He is to make a reconnaissance this morning, and to carry it if possi- 
ble. It has been reported here that the main rebel army extends from 
Frederick to Liberty. It will be necessary, therefore, in your move- 
ment of to-day, to look out well for your right and rear, to move with 
great care, feeling your way cautiously, and being always ready to 
concentrate with Sumner if it should become necessary. Please inform 
the commanding general what you think of the propriety of moving 
Sumner on Urbana, as .soon as you obtain the information requisite to 
enable you to judge, lieport often to this place by telegraph, and also 
by special messengers to Middleburg and Clarksburg, as the com- 
manding general may be at either one of the three places to-night. 
Also communicate with Sumner at Clarksburg, and Franklin at 
Barnesville, by telegraph (Franklin will forward dispatches to Sumner 
from Barnesville). in case you reach New Market inform them of the 
fact at once, when they will immediately move on Urbana, and Couch 
will move to Barnesville, and Williams to the same vicinity, but 
between Sumner and you. (Teneral White, at Martinsburg, reports to 
General Wool this morning that 15,000 rebel cavalry, artillery, and 
infantry passed through Boousborough last night in the direction of 
Hagerstown. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. B. MARCY, 

[19.] Chief of Staff. 

52 R R — VOL LI, PT I 



818 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXin. 

Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

Middlebur/j, September 11, 1862 — 10 p. m. 
Major-General Eurnside, liidgevillc : 

General : General Sumner is ordered to Urban a to-morrow morning, 
with Banlcs' corps on bis right at IJamsville Gross-Roads; Frauklin ou 
l)is left at Licksville Crossroads. The Sugar Loaf is in our posses- 
sion. Gnr information is tliat enemy has abandoned Frederick and is 
moving toward Uagerstown. If tlie information you gain tends to con- 
firm this, ]tnsh ou toward Frederick by the National pike and the rail- 
road as rapidly as possible. We will do the same from Urbana. Keep 
your flankers and cavalry well out to the right toward Liberty, West- 
minster, <S:c. Be extremely cautious in your advance. Watch your 
front and Hanks with care, and be careful to communicate fully with 
headquarters and the troops on your left. It is thought that the enemy 
has abandoned Frederick and moved toward Hagerstown. In any event, 
occupy Frederick to-morrow if you <!an possibly do so without too much 
exposing your command. A similar movement will be made from 
Urbana iTi force. Be careful to communicate with tliat place and 
Clarksburg bef<u'e and after you move to-morrow, and base your move- 
ments upon what you hear from them. 

By command of Major-General McClellau: 

R. B. MARCY, 

[10.] Chief of Staff. 

Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Third Corps, Army of Virginia, 

No. 7. i" Unity, Md., September 11, 1862. 

On the receipt of this order, Reynolds' division will i-esume its march 
and encamj) at Fojjlar Springs. Hatch's division will follow to Lisbon 
and encamp at that point, and Ricketts' will march by the most direct 
route to Cooksville, where it will encamp. Owen's cavalry will precede 
Reynolds' division and encamp in rear of it. 

By command of Major-General Hooker: 

JOS. DICKINSON, 

[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 
Gamp near Kockrille, September 11, 1802 — 12.30 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton, Barnesrille: 

General: The general commanding desires to know the position of 
all of your force— what you have left to watch the Potomac, &c. 
Please commuuicate all you know bearing on the ])ossibility and pro- 
priety of our throwing a column over the Monocacy at its mouth, to 
cut tlie retreat of the rebels. Can you, without too much risk, send 
a small parly to communicate with Harper's Ferry by tlie south side 
of the Potomac ? And can ycm push a reconnaissance across the mouth 
of the Monocacy and thence up toward Frederick? 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

R. B. MARCY, 

Chief of Staff. 

P. S.— Send reports by telegraph to this point, as well as to Middle- 
burg and Clarksburg, as the general commanding may be at either one 
of these points to-night. 

[J9-) E. B. M. 



Chap.LXIII.] correspondence, etc. UNION. 819 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Middlehurfj, September 11, 1862 — 7 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton, Barnesville : 

The general commauding desires you, after leaving pickets at the 
mouth of the Monocacy, and other fords below, if you think it necessary, 
to report to him at Urbana Avith the remainder of your force that is not 
required in scouting to-morrow. Headquarters will move to tliat point 
in the morning. 

Eespecttully, li. B. MAIiGY, 

[19.J Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Middlehurff, September 11, 1862 — 10 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton, Barnesville : 

Your dispatch of this evening received. The commanding general 
wishes you to report to him to-uiorrow morning with your disposable 
forces at Clarksburg instead of Urbana, as by instructions sent you 
by Captain Abert this evening. The reconnaissances which you speak 
of will be postponed until you see the commanding general. 

E. B. MAKCY, 
[19. J Chief of Staff. 



Harper's Ferry, September 11, 1862. 
General Halleck, Washington : 

My eastern front is threatened. My pickets at Solomon's Gap shelled 
out. The ball will open to-morrow morning. Force opposing me is 
estimated at ten regiments of infantry with proportionate artillery, 
before dusk; others have come into camp since. General White will 
abandon Martinsburg some time to-night, and I expect this will be the 
last you will hear of me until this aft'air is over. All are cheerful and 
hopeful. Good-bye. 

D. S. MILES, 

[19.] Colonel Second Infantry. 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, September 11, 1802. 

Brig. Gen. Julius White, Martinsburg, Ya. : 

General: The troops at Kearneysville are under your command, 
not Colonel Miles'. 

JOHN E. WOOL, 

[19.1 Major-General. 

Martinsburg, Siptember 11, 1862. 
Colonel Miles: 

I have sent out a strong reconnaissance of all arms toward Williams- 
port. 1 have no solicitude except for my camp equipage and subsist- 
ence stores. Tiie brigade has only sixteen wagons. I think it prudent 
to send up the train you speak of by midnight if the telegraph should 
be cut. I cannot transport the Government property otherwise. 

J. WHITE, 
Brigadier- General. 



820 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIIl. 

MartinsburG, September 11, 1862 — 7.30 }}. m. 
Colonel Miles: 

As near as 1 can learu I am being surrounded, and shall make imme- 
diate preparation to move toward you. If the train has not been sent, 
let it come at once. Send out a su])port to Kearneysville as you pro 
posed. 1 shall march before daylight. There will be no difficulty in 
supporting me. What I most want is artillery and infantry. Don't 

fail me. 

JULIUS WHITE. 

fl9-] 

Headquarters, 
Earperh Ferry, /September 11, 1862. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Downey, 

Commaudinfi Third Maryland Infantry : 
Sir: Your dash upon the enemy with nineteen cavalry at Boons- 
borough was hazardous and not called for. The reconnaissance was 
proper, but with your small force | you should] have kept at a distance and 
not encountered a larger force than your own. Tlie enemy is scattered 
between llohrersville and Doonsborough, foraging I expect. I cannot 
learn he has any disposition to advance this way. Should he do so it 
will be through Solomon's Gap or across tlie Potomac. If the former, 
and you will soon know it by the report of tlie heavy battery on Mary- 
land Heights, getyourregiment together, except that portion at Opequon 
bridge, and march by the Shepherdstown road to this place. If the river 
is crossed atAntietambeforeyou know of the march of the enemy on that 
point your chance of reaching this place is lost. The command at the 
Opequon bridge is to hold on to that point and preserve the bridge to the 
last moment. It is all important to get here the train to day from Cum- 
berland, and when the enemy advances on the bridge or on your force, if 
your chance of reaching here is jeo])ardized by his crossing the river, to 
fall back on Martinsbnrg and join (leneral White. It is contemplated 
that the company at Opecjuon shall do so in any event, as you would 
not have time to get it when necessary to inarch to tills point. It is 
desirable [and] important that the road should be kept open today or 
until the trains reach here from Cumberland. They will contain impor- 
tant supplies, which Ave must have. What is desirable to impress on 
you, not to abandon yonv i»ositions without necessity, and when you do, 
at that particular time when you can reach this place or Martinsbnrg 
with safety. When you have to leave Shepherdstown have the ferry- 
boats broken up; in fact, I see no greatnecessity of retaining that post, 
and you can Avithdraw the company when you please. 

D. S. MILES, 
fl'J'l Colonel Second Infantry. 



Heauqiiarteus Tuikd Brigade, 
Mar-yland Heights, Md., September 11, 1862. 
Colonel Miles, 

Commanding JJivinion, Earperh Ferry, Va. : 
Captain Russell has .just returned from the neighborhood of Boons- 
borough, and reports that the enemy's line is twenty miles long, the 
advance in Williamsport. Union men living near th^ xQad tolcj t,Ue 



Chap.LXIII.] correspondence, etc. — UNION. 821 

captain that there were 20,000 yet to pass Boonsborough. Have you 
auy news? What has become of General White'? 
Kespectfully, yours, &c., 

THOS. H. FORD, 
[19.] Colonel, Commanding Third Brigade. 



Heabqtjakters Army of the Potomac, 
Camp near Rockville, September 11, 1863 — 1.30 p. m. 
J. W. Garrett, Esq., 

President of the Baltimore and Ohio Eailroad, Baltimore : 
Let me know how mnch injury was done to the railroad bridge over 
the Monocacy and how long it will take to repair it. Please have 
everything prepared to push the work with the greatest rapidity when 
needed.* 

G. B. McCLELLAN, 
[19. J Major-General, Commanding. 

Wae Department, 
Washington City, D. C, September 12, 1862 — 8 p. m. 
Governor Ciirtin, Harrisburg : 

As General Sigel was in Washington enjoying his breakfast this 
morning at Willard's (the last time I heard of him, and his command is 
at Chain Bridge), it is not likely that he shelled the enemy at Fred- 
erick.! 

[19.] EDWIN M. STA]SrTON. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

CaHy> near Urbana, September 12, 1862 — 7 p. m. 

Maj. Gen. E. V. Sumner, Commanding Corps : 

General: The commanding general directs that you order Banks' 
corps to move at daylight to-morrow by Ijamsville and Crum's Ford to 
Frederick, halting one mile this side of the town, and reporting to you 
as soon as they have got into position. Burnside moves to-morrow 
morning to Frederick; Franklin to Buckeystown; and Couch to Licks- 
ville. General Porter is en route to join this army with his corps of 
20,000 men. You will receive orders for your own movements during 
the night. 

Yours, very respectfully, E. B. MABCY, 

[19.1 Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Near Urbana, September 12, 1862—11.45 p. m. 

Major-General Sumner, Near Urbana -. 

General : The commanding general directs you to move with your 
command at daylight to-morrow (by the direct roiid) to Frederick, Md., 
and there await further orders. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

R. B. MARCY, 
[ 19.] C'/tie/ of Staff. 

* For reply, see Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 269. 

t See Curtin to Stanton, Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 277. 



822 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

Headquaktees Army of the Potomac, 
Near Urbana, September 12, 1862 — 11.45 p. m. 

Maj. Oen. F. J. Portek, 

Near Leesborough: 
The coininandiiig general directs that, unless you receive different 
orders hereafter, yon march your command to Fredericlf by way of 
Olarksburg and Urbana. and not to New Market, as heretofore ordered. 

R. B. MAKCY, 
r 19.1 Chief of Staff, 



Headqxtarters Army of the Potomac, 
Near Urbana., September 12, 1862—5.45 p. m. 

Major-Geueral Franklin, 

Near Urbana : 
General: The general commanding directs you to march at day- 
light to-morrow morning to liuckeystown and there await further 
orders, ready to move either to Frederick or Harper's Ferry, as may 
prove necessary. Upon starting you will please send a staff officer to 
these headquarters for further orders. General Couch is directed to 
move to Licksville at daylight to-morrow, leaving at Poolesville a 
force sufficient to watch Edwards and Conrad's Ferries. Captain 
Sanders (at or near Licksville) will place him in communication with 
you at Buckeystowii. 

I am, general, very respectlully, your obedient servant, 

R. B. MARCY, 
[19.1 Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Camp near Urbana, September 12, 18(>2 — 6.30 p. m. 
General D. jST. Couch, 

Commanding Division : 
General: The commanding general directs that you move your 
command at daylight tomorrow to Licksville, leaving at Poolesville a 
force sufficient to watch Edwards and Conrad's Ferries. Probably the 
forces you have there now M'ill be sufficient for this purpose. These 
tr()0])S to rejoin you as soon as relieved by new regiments from Wash- 
ington. You will also request Captain Sanders, commanding cavalry 
at or near Licksville, to place you in couiTnunicatiou with General 
Franklin at Buckeystown as soon as you reach Licksville. If your sup- 
ply train lias not come up, direct it to follow you and take all the 
rations you can Avith the wagons procured today. You will please 
send a staff' officer to headquarters for further orders, as soon as your 
command moves. 

Very respectfully, &c., R. B. MARCY, 

[19.] Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Near Urbana, September 12, 1862 — 8.30 p. m. 
Major-General Burnside, 

Frederick, Md. : 

General: The general commanding directs me to say that 500 cav- 
alry and two pieces of artillery made a dash through Westminster last 



Chap.LXIII.] correspondence, etc. — UNION. 823 

night. He wishes you to direct your cavalry to continue the pursuit 
vigorously, and to capture them if possible, and endeavor to keep 
between them and the Baltimore and Ohio L'ailroad. lie wishes you 
to have your command ready at all times, until further orders, to move 
iu any direction that may be required. Should you hear very heavy 
firing in the direction of Harper's Ferry you will move toward it a"t 
once with your command, and report your departure to these head- 
quarters. 

Very respectfully, «&c., 

K. E. MARCY, 
[19- J Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Camp near Urbana, September 12, 1S62 — 0.15 p. m. 
Maj. (ien. A. E. Burnside, 

Commanding Corps, &c. : 
General : The commanding general directs that you move to-morrow 
morning at daylight and mass your troops at Frederick, leaving one bri- 
gade at the Monocacy crossing. Please have a staff officer here to 
receive orders at daylight to-morrow morning. Franklin moves to 
Bnckeystown in the morning. Couch to Licksville. Porter, with his corps 
of 20,000 men, is en route to join this army. Banks' corps to move by 
Ijamsville and Crum's Ford to Frederick, halting one mile this side of the 
town. Headquarters will probably be at Frederick to-morrow night. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

11. r.. MAKGY, 
[19.1 Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Near Urbana, September 13, 1863 — 11 p. m. 
Major-General Burnside, 

Frederick, Md. : 
General: The general commanding directs you to ascertain if the 
enemy moved from Frederick by way of the National road. In case 
he took that direction, you will move with your command at daylight 
in the morning along the National road cautiously, and obtain posses- 
sion, if possible, of the pass by which the National road passes through 
the Catoctin range of mountains, so as to allow General Pleasouton's 
cavalry to debouch into the Catoctin Valley beyond. Should you gain 
this pass, you will hold it for the purpose specified and report for 
further orders. Should you find the pass occupied by so strong a force 
of the enemy as to render the taking it by your command a matter 
of too much risk, you Avill report the fact at once to the coram.anding 
general at Frederick, who will send forward a sufficiency of troops to 
your assistance. The general desires you to learn, if possible, the con- 
dition of affairs in the direction of Harper's Ferry and to communicate 
the same to him. Governor Curtin telegraphs that he has advices that 
Jackson is crossing the Potomac at Williamsport to return into Vir- 
ginia. Ascertain if this movement is being made by Jackson, and 
communicate Avith these headquarters the result of your investigations. 
Communicate the contents of this dispatch to lirigadier-Gcneral Pleas- 
onton, who will co-operate with you as far as may be necessary. The 
staff officer who carries this will accompany you to-morrow and bring 



824 MU., E. N. C, P4-., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

back a report of tlie result of your operations. Two orderlies are sent 
with liim. Please comuiuiiicate to these headquarters, by means of 
these orderlies, such information as you may deem important. The 
commanding general desires to impress upon you that he does not wish 
you to run too great a risk with your own connnand in taking the pass 
referred to. If the enemy has marched by the National road the pass 
must be taken, but the attack upon it must be made only with a 
sufficiency of troops. 

I am, general, very respectfullj', your obedient servant, 

E. B. MAROY, 
[li). 1 Chief of Staff. 

Special Orders, ( Hdqrs. Thirb Corps, Armt of Virginia, 

No. 8. ) Poplar Sprinx/n, Md., September 12, 1862. 

On the receipt of this order Reynolds' division will advance to 
Ridgeville and there await further orders. Hatch's division will fol- 
low immediately in its rear, and that of Ricketts directly after it. 
By command of Major-General Hooker: 

JOS. DICKINSON, 
|19.J Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Third Corps, Army of Virginia, 

No. 9. )■ lUdgerillc, Md., September 12, 1803. 

Reynolds' division will encamp at Monocacy bridge. Hatch's divis- 
ion at New Market, and Ricketts' at Ridgeville to-night. Headquar- 
ters will be at New Market. 

By command of Major-General Hooker: 

JOS. DICKINSON, 
[19.J Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

.Near Urhana, September 13, 1863 — 8.15 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton, 

Frederic!;, Md. : 
General : Captain Sanders seemed to be under the impression that 
Jackson is marcliing on Harper's Ferry, It is important to ascertain 
if this is so. The comnmnding general desires you to send out scouts 
to-night to endeavor to get information regarding this. Did Captain 
Sanders receive his order to push his scouts in the direction of Harper's 
Ferry from Licksville? If not, please communicate them to him. 
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

R. B, MARCY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters army of the Potomac, 
Near Vrbana, September 13, 1862 — 11.30 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton, 

Fredericl; Md. : 

The commanding general desires you to send out a cavalry force at 
davlight iu the morning to Lewistowu and MecUanicstowo, to ascertaiu 



CHAP. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 825 

if any force of the enemy lias moved in that direction with a view of 
getting in our rear. General Biirnside has been directed to march at 
dfiylight in the morning, should the main body of the enemy have 
moved toward Hayerstowu along the National road, and to take pos- 
session, if possible, of the pass of that road through the Oatoctin range 
of mountains, so as to enable your cavalry to debouch into the Catoctin 
Valley beyond. Please communicate and cooperate witli him. Ascer- 
tain, if possible, the state of affairs at Harper's Ferry, and communicate 
the result of your investigations to these headquarters at Frederick. 
Governor Curtin telegraphs that he has advices that Jackson is recross- 
ing the Potomac at Williamsport. Ascertain, if possible, if he is 
doing so. 

1 am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

R. B. MAKGY, 
1 19-] Chief of Staff. 

Fort Albany. September 12, 1862. 

(Eeceived 3.30 j). m.) 
General Humphreys, 

345 Nineteenth Street, near I Street : 

Colonel AUabach's brigade is here en route. I have sent back wagons 
to bring up his provisions, ammunition, &c. This brigade is supplied 
with Austrian rifles, about 900 being unserviceable. Yesterday morn- 
ing I sent to the Ordnance Department requisitions for others, but they 
were refused. I have gathered about 300, perhaps more, serviceable 
arms here, and direct Golonel Allabach to stop here and take them, leav- 
ing the defective ones in their place. If you can enable him to leave the 
remainder of the defective Austrian guns in Washington as he passes 
through, and get good ones in their place, I would advise it. I have 
seized forty-live wagons sent by Gaptain Ferguson to move my division, 
and turn them over to your brigades to facilitate their march. There 
is no beef here on the hoof. Cattle must be obtained in Washington. 
Colonel Allabach is not supplied with more than two days' rations. 
Those also must be obtained in Washington. For how many days 
must he make requisition? General Tyler is supplied with good arms 
and ammnnition, and I think he has five days' rations. Forage will 
probably be obtained in Washington. 

A. W. WHIPPLE, 

[19.] Brigadier- General, 



Special Orders, \ Hdqrs. Defenses of Washington, 

No. 3. ) September 12, 1862. 

#»»♦*#» 

3. Brig. Gen. J. G. Barnard is assigned to the command of the troops 
for the immediate defense of Washington north of the Potomac. Brig. 
Gen. D. P. Woodbury, commanding defenses east of the Eastern Branch, 
and Lieut. Col. J. A. Haskin, commanding defenses west of the Eastern 
Branch, will at once report to General Barnard for orders. 

By command of Major-General Banks: 

RICHD. B. IRWIN, 
Captain, Aide-de-Camp, and Actinrj Assistant Adjutant- General. 
[19.] 



826 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. (Chap. LXIH. 

HEADQUARTEKS ElfillTH ARMY CORPS, 

Baltimore, September 13, 1862. 
Colonel Johnson, 

Gommanding Cavalry at Ellicotfs Mills: 
Colonel: You will jjroceed to make a recoimtiissauce with your 
conimaiKl along the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad from Elysville to 
Monocacy bridge for the purpose of ascertaining the condition of the 
track, culverts, bridges, &c., aud report the result by telegraph to 
these headquarters. 
By command of Major-Ceneral Wool: 

W. D. WHIPPLE, 
[19.] Assintant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Fredericlc, September 13, 1862 — 8.45 p. m. 

Ma,jor-General Sxtmnbr : 

General : The commanding general directs me to say that he desires 
you to move punctually at 7 o'clock to-morrow morning. Ammunition 
wagons will move with the troops, ambulances in rear of all the troops, 
in order of corps. Please direct your quartermaster to report to Col- 
onel Ingalls at these headquarters, before G.30 o'clock to-morrow morn- 
ing, for instructions as to your other wagons. Subsistence stores have 
been received and are in a railroad train on the other side of the 
Monocacy railroad bridge. By sending your disposable wagons there 
you can obtain such subsistence stores as you may require. 
Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

R. B. MARCY, 

[19.] G¥ef of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 13, 1862—7.30 a. m. 
Brigadier-General Sykes : 

General: Come on with your command to Monocacy crossing and 
there await further orders. Communicate to Lieutenant-Colonel Hays 
the order to accompany you with his command. 
Respectfully, 

R. B. MARCY, 
[19- J Chief of Stuff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Camp near Fredericl; September 13, 1862 — 6.20 p. m. 
Maj. Gen. W. B. Franklin, 

Commandiny Sixth Corps: 
General : * 

Knowing my views and intentions, you are fully authorized to change 
any of the details of this order as circumstances may change, provided 
the purpose is carried out; that purpose being to attack the enemy in 
detail and beat him. General Smith's dispatch of 4 p. m. with your 

* For portion of this communication hure omitted, see Vol. XIX, Part I p. 45. 



Chap.LXIII.] correspondence, etc. — UNION. 827 

comments is received. If, with a full kuowledge of all the circum- 
stances, you consider it preferable to crush the enemy at I'etersville 
before undertaking the movement I have directed, you are at liberty to 
do so, but you will readily perceive that no slight advantage should 
for a moment interfere with the decisive results 1 propose to gain. T 
cannot too strongly impress upon you the absolute necessity of inform- 
ing me every hour during tlie day of your movements, and frequently 
during the night. Force your colonels to prevent straggling, and 
bring every available man into action. I think the force you have is, 
with good management, sufficient for the end in view. If you dift'er 
widely from me, and being on the spot you know better than I do the 
circumstances of the case, inform me at once, and I will do my best to 
re-enforce you. Inform me at the same time how many more troops 
you think you should have. Until 5 a. ra. to morrow general head- 
quarters will be at this place. At that hour they will move upon the 
main road to Hagerstown. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. B. McCLELLAN, 
[10.] Major- General, Commanding. 



HEADyXJAETERS AkMY OF THE POTOMAO, 

Frederick, Heptemher 13, 1862 — 11.45 p. m. 
Ma.jor-General Buknside : 

The rebel cavalry is reported to have been seen about 5 p. m. to-day, 
five or six miles from Frederick, on the Bmmitsburg turnpike. The 
major-general commanding directs you to send out on this road five or 
six miles one regiment of cavalry and a section of artillery to ascertain 
as to the truth of this report. Should no cavalry appear to be in the 
neighborhood, the force detached by you will join the main body of 
your command on the National road. 

Eespectfully, your obedient servant, 

II. B. MAECY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 
Camp near Frederick, September 13, 1862 — 3.35 p. m. 

Brig. Gen. J. D. Cox, 

Commanding Division : 
General: General McOlellan directs me to say that it was the 
intention for you to proceed direct to Middletown, and desires that you 
will march to that place and support General Pleasonton. Pick up 
Rodney [Rodman], if you should find him, and take him with you to 
Middletown. 

Very respectfully, yours, R. B. MARCY, 

[19.J Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Ninth Corps, 
Frederick, Md., September 13, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. O. B. WlLLCOX, 

Commanding First Division, Ninth Army -Corps: 
General: MajorGeneral Reno instructs me to direct you to put 
your column in motion for Middletown; also detail one company of 



828 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap LXIII. 

infautry for provost duty and twenty men as hospital attendants, to 
report to Colonel Allen, provost-marshal. 

I have the honor to be, respectfully, your obedient servant, 

EDWAKD M. NEILL, 

[19.] Captain and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Third Corps, Army op Virginia, 

No. 10. ) New Marlet, Md., September IS, 1862. 

On the receipt of this order Hatch's division will march to the 
Monocacy, a,nd also Ricketts', with the exception of one regiment, which 
he will leave at Ridgeville to hold that place. 
By command of Major-General Hooker: 

JOS. DICKINSON, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Special Orders, ^ Hdqrs. Third Corps, Army of Virginia, 

No. 12. S Gamp near Monocacy, Md., September 13, 1862. 

Brigadier-General Meade will march his division in the direction of 
Middletown at daylight to-morrow morning. He will be followed by 
Hatch's and Ricketts' divisions on the same road and as closely as pos- 
sible. It is expected that the march will be resumed with the utmost 
promptitude. The chief quartermaster of the corps will detach all the 
wagons from the train that can be spared, for the purpose of supply- 
ing the troops in their advanced position. 

By command of Major-General Hooker: 

JOS. DICKINSON, 

[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Headquarters op the Army, 
Washington, September 13, 1862. (Received 4.30 p. m.) 
Unless General Humphreys immediately leaves to take command of 
his division in the field, he will be arrested for disobedience of orders * 

H. W. HALLECK, 
[19-] General-in- Chief, 

[September 13, 1862.1 
General HrMPHEEYS: 

Please inform me where you will be to-night, if you can. Apply to 
Colonel McKeever, with General Heintzelman, to send you a squadron 
of the cavalry near him. There is some there which has been used for 
escort duty. I will try to communicate with you so soon as I once hear 
from you. March easy the first day. 

F. J. PORTER, 

[19- J Major-General, Commanding. 

Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 
On Road to Rochville, [September 13^ 1862]. 
Brigadier-General Humphreys : 

If you are on the road from Washington to Leesborough General 
Porter dir ects that y on push on on the turnpike to Brookeville, and 

*Tlie envelope containing tliis communication is addressed " General A A Hum 
phreys, 345 Nineteenth street." iiuui 



CHAP.LXm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 829 

tbCD as rapidly as possible, witbont fatiguing tbe iiieu, to Urbaiia. If 
yon liave not left Wasliiugton, tbe general wisbes you [to] marcb 
directly to Itockville by tlie Georgetown turnpike. 

By command of Major-General Porter: 

ALPLX. S. WEBB, 

1 19.] Chief of Staff. 



EOCKVILLE, iSeptember 13, 180i! — D.ciO a. m. 
General Humphreys, 

Commanding Division : 
(Care General Cullum.) 
If your command bas not left Washington, take tlie direct road to 
Rockville and tbeiice ou to Frederick. If you have gone to Lees- 
borougb, take tbe sbortest road to Glarksburg, and pusb on to Fred- 
erick witbout fatigue to your men. liequire the officers to stop strag- 
gling. Bring with you as inucb provisions and grain as your trains 
can carry, and I urge the leaving of kuapsacks iu store. Let me bear 
Irom you by every oi>portui)ity. 

F. J. PORTER, 
[ly.) Major-General. 



Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

Frederick, Bepiember 13, 1862 — 3 p. m. 

Brigadier-General Pleasonton : 

General : Tbe following order of marcb of tbe enemy is dated Sep- 
tember 9.* General McOlellan desires you to ascertain whether this 
order of marcb has thus far been followed by tbe enemy. As tbe pass 
through tbe Blue Ridge may be disputed by two columns, he desires 
you to approach it with great caution. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

R. B. MARGY, 

Chief of Staff. 

P. S. — Ascertain if there is any truth in tbe report of Captain San- 
ders to you yesterday that tbe enemy bas a force of 30,000 at Burkitts- 
ville. 

R. B. MARCY, 

119.1 Chief of Siaff, 



Headc^h^arters Army of tuk Potomac, 

Frederick, September 13, 1862 — 9 p. m. 

Brigadier-General Pleasonton : 

General: Tbe commanding general directs you to fire occasionally 
a few artillery shots (even though no enemy be iu your front to fire at), 
so as to let Colonel Miles at Harper's Ferry know that our troops are 
near bim. Subsistence stores have been received by rail. Upon send- 
ing your disposable wagons to tbe train ou tbe other side of tbe i-ailroad 

'For order (here omittod), boo paragraphs IU to X, iuclusive, Vol. XIX, Part II, 
pp. 603, 604, 



830 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXHI. 

bridge at tbe Monocacy you can obtain such subsistence stores as you 
may require. 

Kespectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. B. MARGY, 

Chief of Staff. 

P. S. — Your Avagous will follow in rear of all tbe troops and ambu- 
lances. 

[10.] Ji. B. M. 

Headquakteks Army of the Potomac, 
Gamp near Frederick, September 13, 1862 — 5.45 p. m. 

Oapt. W. P. Sanders, 

Commanding Sixth Cavalry: 
The general commanding directs that you send at once one company 
of cavalry to Noland's Ferry to assist tbe force to be left there by Gen- 
eral Couch in guarding that point. You will then push forward with 
your command to Jefferson. From this point you will throw out scouts 
as far as possible toward Harper's Ferry. You will also open commu- 
nication with General Pleasonton, who will be found on the National 
road between Middletowii and tbe South Mountain or Blue Eidge. 
Very respectfully, yours, 

E. B. MAECY, 

Chief of Staff. 

P. S. — Use your judgment whether to reach Jefferson via Point of 
Eocks or Adamstown. If tbe latter, leave a strong party at Point of 
Eocks until you have covered it west of the Catoctin. 

[lO.J 



Headquarters Army of the Potomao, 

September 13, 1862—7.30 a. vi. 
Commanding Officer First Ehode Island Cavalry: 

The commanding general directs you to move at once with your regi- 
ment to Seneca and Poolesville to watch all the fords from Seneca to 
the mouth of the Monocacy. 

Eespeetfully, E. B, MAECY, 

[lf>.] Chief of Staff. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Defenses of Washington, 

No. 4. J Washington, September 13, 1862. 

1. In compliance with instructions from the General-in-Chief, Briga- 
dier-General Stoueman will report to Major-General Heintzelman,com-' 
manding defenses south of Potomac, for the command of Kearny's 
division. Fifth Corps. 

2. Paragraph 3, of Special Orders, No. 3, of yesterday's date, from 
these headquarters, is revoked. Brig. Gen. J. G. Barnard is assigned 
to duty as chief engineer of the defenses of Washington, to date from 
the 3d instant. 

By command of Major-General Banks : 

EICHD. B. lEWIN, 
Captam, Aide-de-Camp, and Acting Assistant Adjutant- General 
[19.] 



Chap.LXIII.] correspondence, ETC. UNION. 831 

Special Okdees, ) Hdqrs. Akmy of the roTOMAc, 

No. 25. I September 14, 1862. 

Brig. Gen. E. King is relieved from duty with Hooker's corps, and 
will report in person to tlio Adjutant-CTeneral. The command of the 
division will devolve upon Brig. Gen. J. P. Hatch. 
By command of Major-General McClellan : 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquakteks Aemy of the Potomac, 

September 14, 1862 — 9 p. m. 
Major-General Hooker: 

General Keno has succeeded in carrying the heights on the left of 
the main pike. Please hold your present ]M)sition at all hazards. Gen- 
eral Richardson has been i)laced xiuder your orders. Let me know at 
daybreak to morrow morning the state of affairs in your vicinity, and 
whether you will need further re-enforcements. I presume, however, 
that Richardson's division is all that will be required by you. Frank- 
lin has had a severe contest with the enemy at pass in front of Jefler- 
son, the result of which is not yet known to me. 

GEO. B. McGLELLAN, 

[19.] Major-General, Commanding U. 8. Army. 



Headqxtabtees Army of the Potomac, 

September 14, 1862 — 9 a. m. 
Maj. Gen. E. Y. Sumner: 

General: The commanding general desires you to take the Shooks- 
town road to Middletown. Lieutenant Comstock, of the Engineers, will 
accompany you and communicate further instructions. 
Respectfully, 

R. B. MAECY, 
[ 19.1 Chief of Staf. 



Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

September 14, 1862 — 9 p. m. 

Major-General Sumner: 

Leave Richardson's division where it now is, snpi)orting Hooker. 
Place it temporarily under Hooker's command, and direct General Rich- 
ardson to obey Hooker's orders. This is but a temporary arrangement, 
ma<le absolutely necessary by circumstances. You will then repair to 
the neighborhood of Bolivar, where you will find French's division, 
Sedgwick's division, and Williams' corps, and assume command of these 
three. Please be at Bolivar by daylight in the morning. Instruct 
Richardson to look out well for the safety of our right flank during the 
night and early in the morning. 
Very respectfully, 

GEO. B. McCLELLAN, 

[19.] Major- General, Commanding. 



832 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. (Chap. LXIII. 

MiDDLBTOWN, Md., September 14, 1802 — 12.30 p. m. 

(Iteceived 4 p. m.) 
General Halleck, 

General-in- Chief : 
Morell will be at Frederick to-night and move to-morrow early. 
Humphreys delayed to fit up properly. Command left Washington 
to-dav. Am m sight of enemy, with General McCJIellan. 

F. J. PORTER. 
r iQ I Major- General. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Bolivar, September 11, 1802—0.30 p. m. 
Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter, 

Middletown : 
General : Please order Sykes' division to come forward to this point, 
starting- at daylight to-morrow morning. General Morell at Frederick 
has been ordered to move to this place, starting at 'S o'clock to-morrow 
morning. Weber's brigade comes forward at the same time. 
By command of Major-General McOlellan : 

GEO. D. RUGGLES, 
[19.] Colonel and Aide-de-Camp. 

Headqxtarters Army of the Potomac, 

Bolivar, September 14, 1862 — 10 p. m. 
Major-General Morell, 

FredericJc : 
General: General McOlellan directs you to march for this place 
(three miles beyond Middletown, on the Hagerstown road) punctually 
at 3 o'clock to-morrow morning. Weber's brigade is also ordered for- 
ward at same hour to this place. To iusure unity of actiou on the 
march General Weber is directed to report to you and will be under 
your orders during the march. Upon your arrival here you will report 
for duty to Major-General Porter. We have gained a handsome suc- 
cess to-day, carrying the heights of the Elue Ridge bordering on the 
National road beyond this place. The general commanding desires 
your troops for ulterior operations. Come on quickly. Start promptly 
at 3 o'clock. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. J). RUGGLES, 
Colonel, Assistant Adjutant- General, and Aide-de-Camp. 
[19.] 



Headquarters Fifth Corps, 
Batchelder\s, near Leesborougli, September 14, 1862 — 6' a. m, 
Brigadier-General Humphreys, 

Commandinf) Division :* 

The general commanding desires you to follow him by the first left- 
hand road after passing this point. You will proceed to Rockville 
via Urbana. At this house (the large bouse on the left near Lees- 
borough, Mr. Batchelder's) you will find a guard of five men. The 

• The reverse side of tUis paper is addressed to General Humphreys, or Command- 
ing Officer Leading Brigade of his Division, or (jeneral Tyler, or Colonel Allabach. 



CiiAr. LXIII.) COERKSPONDENCE, ETO. — UNION. 833 

general desires jow to put a guard on to relieve tliis one as soon as you 
arrive, your guard to remain until all your stragglers sliall bave passed, 
probably twelve to fourteen hours. 

By command of Major-General Porter : 

ALEX. K. WEBB, 

[li^.J Lieutenant- Colonel and Chief of ktaff. 



MiDDLETOWN, Md., September 11, 1R63 — 1.20 p. m. 
General Httmphreys, 

iS'cflr Leesborough : 
Received dispatch.* Lose no time, but bring up your men fresh. 
Glad you have fitted out provisions at railroad depot. 

F. J. POETEE, 
[19. J Major-General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Middletown, September IJ, 1862 — 11.45 a. m. 
Major-General Franklin: 

General : The enemy occupies the main pass in front of Middle- 
town with infantry and artillery. Pleasonton has silenced one battery 
and our infantry are now endeavoring to turn the pass by our left. I 
have just been informed thab the enemy have about 1,500 cavalry and 
some artillery at Burkittsville, and that they are in considerable force 
in vicinity of Boonsborough. I learned this morning by a messenger 
direct from Colonel Miles that he had abandoned the Maryland Heights 
yesterday afternoon and occupied the Loudoun and Bolivar Heights 
and that the galrrison of Martinsburg had joined him. Reno's corps 
is partially engaged in front of here and Hooker is arriving rapidly. 
Please lose no time in driving the rebel cavalry out of Burkittsville 
and occupying the pass. Have Sanders keep the communication 
open between us, and keep me informed of everything transpiring at 
the ])ass before you. Let me know first whether the enemy occupies 
the pass, and if so the strength of their force there. Continue to bear 
in mind the necessity of relieving Colonel Miles if possible. 
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. B. McCLELLAN, 

[10.] Major-General, Commanding. 



Headqtarteks Army of the Potomac, 

September 11, 1862—1.30 p. m. 
Brig. Gen. Max Weber, 

Frederick : 

General: It is reported that the enemy lias pickets in the neighbor- 
hood of Frederick. Confer with Colonel Allen, First Maine Cavalry 
(now in Frederick), and send out pickets of cavalry and infantry in all 
directions. If any enemy is found engage and displace him. It is 
impossible that he can be in the neighborhood in any force. 

By command of Major-General McClellan : 

GEO. D. EUGGLES, 

[19.] Colonel and Aide-de-Camp. 

' Not found. 

.^.^ T? T?— VOT, T.T PT I 



834 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. I.XIIl. 

Headquakters Army of the Potomac, 

Bolivar, Three Miles beyond Middletoicn, 

September 14, 1862—9.30 p. m. 
Brig. Gen. Max Weber : 

General: General McOlellan directs you to marcli at 3 o'clock 
tomorrow morning i)nnctually for this place via Middletown. General 
Morell is also ordered to move forward to this place at the same time. 
To insure a united and prompt movement of both division and brigade, 
you will report to General Morell, and, with yonr brigade, will be under 
his orders during the march to this pi. ice and till assigned here by the 
general commanding, to whom you will report immediately upon arrival. 
We have gained a handsome success to-day by carrying the heights of 
the Blue Ridge bordering on the National pike beyond this place. It is 
desired by the general commanding that your brigade be here early in 
the morning to assist in ulterior operations. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, ■ 

GEO. U. KUGGLES, 
[19.1 Colonel, Assistant Adjutant- General, and Aide-deVamp. 



Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

Bolivar, September 15, 1862 — 9.30 a. m. 
Maj. Gen. J. Hooker, Commanding Corps : 

General: The commanding general diiects that if you can without 
much delayplace Richardson's division in advanceof your command you 
will do [so], and allow your men to get suppliesof rations from your trains 
before leaving your present position. If Sumner's command is closed 
up, you will allow it all to pass you and will follow him, taking advan- 
tage of the time consumed by his passing to get your supplies. The 
general is desirous of iiushing the enemy as hard as possible, and there- 
fore he would like to have you supply your command as rapidly as you 
can. Pleasonton has gone forward. The order will be communicated 
to General Richardson without delay. 

Very respectfully, yours, R. B. MARCY, 

[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Bolivar, September IS, 1862 — 8.30 a. m. 
Major-General Sumner: 

General : The commanding general directs you to advance with your 
corps and Banks' to the crest of the mountain and take position either 
to attack the enemy or to defend the crest. He desires you to leave all 
your wagons except those containing . Suspended. 

(The line of the enemy reported beyond the crest proves to be our 
own people, and this dispatch will not, therefore, be sent.)* 

[19-] 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Bolivar, September 15, 1862—8.45 a. m. 
Major-General Sumner : 

General : The commanding general directs you to move with your 
corps and Banks' on the main pike to Boonsborough, throwing out 

• So recorded in McClellan's dispatch book. 



Chap. Lxm.] COKRESPONDENCK, ETC. — UNION. 835 

skirmisliers well to the front and on your flanks till you arrive upon open 
ground. Pleasonton will be in front of you with cavalry, llicbardson's 
division is moving in front of Hooker on your riglit. Burnside is ordered 
to advance on your left. Should you find Boousborough to be deserted 
by the enemy upon your arrival there, you will occupy the town or take 
up some strong position in its vicinity. Should you find the enemy in 
force there, you will dispose your men for attack and report for further 
orders to the commanding general. The general docs not wish you to 
make the attack without reporting to him, as he wishes first to give 
orders to insure the co-operation of the various other corps of this 
command. 

I am, general, respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. B. KUGGLES, 

Colonel and Aide-de-Gamj). 

P. S. — Should you require it, you will be well supported. Some citi- 
zens from Boonsborough have just reported to General Hooker that the 
rebel army is in a perfect panic. They are making for Sheplierdstowu 
Ferry. They say that Lee said publicly last night that they must admit 
they had been badly whipped. This, General Hooker says, is reliable. 
If upon reaching Boonsborough you find this to be the case, push on 
after the enemy as rapidly and far as possible, keeping your corps well 
in hand and doing them all the injury possible. 

By command of Major-General McOlellan: 

GEO. D. KUGGLES, 

[19.] Colonel and Aidede-Camp. 

[September 15, 1862.) 
General Humphreys, 

Un Route to Fredericlc via Broolcevillc : 
Wait orders at Frederick, communicating your arrival by telegram 
if possible. Obtain supplies at the railroad depot on Monocacy, and 
keep your command ready to move at call. 

F. J. PORTER, 

Major- General. 

Watch the country on your left and keep in communication with the 
signal parties. 

F. J. P. 

[Irulorsoinent on envelope in handwriting of General Humpbreys.J 

Received at Frederick upon my arrival there, September — , 1802. 
L19-J 

Headquakters Army of the Potomac, 

Bolivar, September 15, 1862— 8.15 a. m. 
Major General Franklin: 

General: We have met with a complete success; have gotten pos- 
session of the pass in front of this place, and are pushing our forces 
forward in pursuit of the retreating enemy. General Hooker reports 
that he has received reliable information from citizens from Boonsbor- 
ough that the enemy is retreating in a perfect panic in the direction of 
Shepherdstown Ferry. They say that Lee openly acknowledged they 
had been shockingly whipped. Communicate with General Burnside 
at the intersection of the Kohrersville and Boonsborough roads, and if 
the intelligence of the retreat of the enemy toward Sheplierdstowu 



836 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. |(hai'. LXllI. 

Ferry is confirmed, push oa with your whole eommaud (cautiously and 
keeping up communication with Franklin |Burnsidej) to Sharpsburg, 
and endeavor to fall upon the enemy and to cut oft' his retreat. Use 
your cavalry with the utmost vigor in following up the pursuit. In 
this juncture much is left by the commanding general to your judg- 
ment, trusting that you will act promptly and vigorously and complete 
the success thus far gained. 

By command of Maior-General McClellan: 

(.iEO. D, EUGGLES, 

[19. J Colonel and Aide-de-Camp. 

Heabquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 15, 18C^ — 1.30 p. m. 
Major-General Franklin: 

General: Buruside's corps and Sykes' division are moving on Por- 
terstown and Sharpsburg by the road about one mile south of Hagers- 
towji pike, with orders to turn and attack a force of the enemy supi)osed 
to be at Centerville. I will instruct them to communicat* with you at 
Itohrersville, and if necessary re-enforce you. It is important to drive 
in the enemy in your front, but be cautious in doing it until you have 
some idea of his force. The corps of Sumner, Hooker, and Banks are 
moving to Boonsborough on the main pike. At least one division has 
already passed down toward Genterville. I will direct -.i portion to turn 
to the left at the first road beyond the mountain (west), so as to be in 
position to re-enforce you or to move on Portersville. Sykes will be 
at the Boonsborough and llohrersville road in about one hour and a half, 
Buruside following close. Thus far our success is complete, but let us 
follow it up closely, but warily. Attack whenever you see a fair chance 
of success. Lose no time in communicating with Sykes and Burnside. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. B. McCLELLAN, 

[19. J Major-General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Bnonnboroitfihj September 15, 1862 — 4.30 p. m. 
Maj. Gen, W. B. Franklin, Commanding Sixth Corps : 

General: The commanding general directs me to say to you that 
he is now in a position to cover your rear, and you had better withdraw 
the two brigades left at Kohrersville and order tliem [to] join you, 
doing your best to hold your position without attacking unless you 
should see a very favorable opportunity. It is liis desire to concentrate 
everything this evening on the force at or near Sharpsburg, and he will 
be satisfied if you keep the enemy in your front without .inything 
decisive until the Sharpsburg afi'air is settled, when he will at once 
move troops directly to your assistance, and also to endeavor to cut olf 
the enemy in your front. 

Yours, very respectfully, E. B. MAECY, 

[10-J Chief of Staf. 

Heaix^xtarters Army of the Potomac, 

Bolivar, September 15, 1862—8 a. m. 
Major-General Burnside, Bolivar : 

The general commanding directs you to advance with your whole 
corps upon Boonsborough by the road wliich you followed yesterday, 



Chap. LXlIl.l CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 837 

to the left of the main pike. Advance as far as the intersection of tlie 
Boonsborough and llohrersville roads. Having- arrived at that point, 
you will place yourself in communication with the troops wlio shall 
have advanced by the main pike, and also with General Franklin if he 
has reached Eohrersville, being prepared to lend such assistance as 
may be necessary in either direction, or if required to advance upon 
Centerville and Sharpsburg to cut oft" the retreat of the enemy. Head- 
quarters and the body of the army will advance by the main pike, 
(Jeneral Hooter on the right of the main pike. Being separated from 
you for the present by force of circumstances, he will, during such 
separation, report direct to these headquarters. 
I am, general, &c., 

[GEO. U. RUGGLES, 

Colonel and Aitle-(le-Camp.\ 

P. S. — Hooker's corps will probably remain for some hours at the 
Monntain House, Eichardson's division moving on in advance. En- 
deavor to keep the head of your column as Jiear parallel as possible to 
that of Richardson. Move promptly, keeping your skirmishers well' 
out on your front and flanks till you arrive at open ground. Gibbon is 
ordered to join his own corps. 

fl9.1 



Headquaetees Aemy of the Potomac, 

September 15, 1862 — 9 a. m. 
Major-General Buenside : 

General: General r. J. Porter's corps will follow you on the same 
road, and be ready to support you. General McClellan desires to 
impress upon you the necessity for the utmost vigor in your pursuit. 
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. D. RUGGLES, 
[19.1 Colonel and Aide-de-Camp. 



Headquaetees Aemy of the Potomac, 

September 15, 1863—12.30 p. m. 
General Buenside : 

Geneeal: General McClellan desires yon to let General Porter's go 
on past you if necessarj'. You Avill then push your own command on 
as rapidly as possible. The general also desires to know the reason 
for your delay in starting this morning. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. B. RUGGLES, 
Hi).! Colonel and Aide-de-Camp. 



Headquaetees Army of the Potomac, 

September 15, 18G2 — 3.45 p. m. 
Major-General Buenside : 

General : The last news received is that the enemy is drawn up in 
line of battle about two miles beyond Oenterville, which will bring 
them on tlie west and behind Antietam Creek. They are represented 
to be in considerable force under Longstreet. Our troops are rapidly 
moving up. If not too late, I think you had better move on Rohrers- 
ville, communicating meantime with Eranklin. If with your assist- 
ance he can defeat the enemy in front of him, join him at once. If, 



838 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., &.W.VA. [Chap. LXm. 

ljowever,lie can hold liis own, marali direct on Sliarpsbura; and co-operate 
■with us, unless that place sliould be evacuated by tlie enemy. In that 
case, move at once to co-operate with Franklin. Porter, of coarse, will 
continue on his march to Sharpsbur^j. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

G, B. McC;[LELLAN]. 
[19.] 



IlEADriUAKTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC, 

September jr,, 1803—1.30 p. m. 
Major-General r>UENSii)E : 

General: The commanding general directs you to move your com- 
mand at once to Sharpsburg, via Porterstown, to assist in tlie attack 
upon the former place. The general will be tliere in person. 
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. 1). RUGGLES, 
[19.1 Colonel and Aide-de-Gamp. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Bolivar, September 15, 180':? — 10.45 a. m. 

J. W. Gaeeett, Esq., 

President of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Baltimore : 

Please take measures to have the railroad bridge over the Mouocacy 
repaired with the least possible delay. 

GEO. B. McCLELLAN, 
[19.] Major-General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 16, 1802. 
General McClellan: 

General: Lieutenant Shunk has gone back to hurry up ordnance 
supplies of ammunition, &c. He informed me he had no supply of 
musket ammunition, but tbat there was plenty throughout the various 
division trains, and a sui)ply might be taken for Morell's division from 
the trains wherever it could be found. He thought that Mansfield's 
corps was better supplied tlian any otber. 
Very respectfully, 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 10, 1862 — 9.30 a. m. 
Major-General Sumner: 

General: General McClellan desires you to inform him the moment 
the head of Mansfield's corps comes up. The general will be for the 
present at General Hooker's head(iuarters. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. U. PJJGGLES, 
[19-] Colonel and Aide-de-Camp. 



char. lxui.] cokrespondence, etc. union. 839 

Headquartees Army ov the Potomac, 

September 10, 1862 — 5,50 p. m. 
Brevet Major-General Sumner : 

General : General McOlellau desires you to move Mansfield's corps 
across the fords aud bridge over the Antietam aud to take such 
])osition as may he designateil for it by General Hooker. General 
McClellan desires that all the artillery, ammunition, and everything 
else appertaining to the corps, be gotten over without fail to-night, 
ready for action early in the morning. He also desires you to have the 
other corps of your command ready to march one hour before daylight 
to-morrow morning. 

1 am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. D. EUGGLES, 

[19.] Colonel, Assistant Adjutant- General, and Aidede-Camp. 



Headquarters Army ov the Potomac, 

September 16, 1862 — 7,30 p. m. 
Major-General Sumner: 

General: General McClellan desires you to place two batteries in 
position on the ridge in rear of general headquarters. These batteries 
are intended to guard the Antietam between the fords and this point. 
He desires that these batteries be established before daybreak to- 
morrow morning. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. D. KUGGLES, 
[10.1 Colonel and Aidede-Camp. 



Headquarters Army of tue Potomac, 

Cenierville, September 16, 1862 — 7.45 a. m. 

Major-General Pranklin : 

General: Tlie man O'Sullivan, who passed through your lines yes- 
terday as a bearer of dispatches to Colonel Miles, has returned, and 
informs me that Miles surrendered unconditionally at 8 o'clock yester- 
day morning, and that the rebels on this side of the river Mere rapidly 
recrossing to the Virginia side by our pontoon bridge at Harper's 
Ferry. He did not see this with his own eyes, but was so informed by 
persons in whom he has implicit contidence. I thiuk the enemy has 
abandoned the position iu front of us, but the fog is so dense that I 
have not yet been enabled to determine. If the enemy is in force here, 
1 shall attack him this morning. The instant I know whether he is 
still here or not I shall inform you. 

I would again caution you ito watch Knoxville and Berlin with a 
small cavalry force, so that no enemy can get in your rear. 
\'ery respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. 1'.. McCLELLAN, 

1 1<). I ilajor- General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 16, 1862— 7, 30 p. m. 
Major-General Franklin : 

General: General McClellan directs me to say that he still desires 
you to occupy Maryland Heights. If, however, this should prove 



840 MD., E. N. C, PA,, VA., EXCEPT S. AV., & W. VA. IChap. lxiii. 

impracticable, be tbiiiks that you bad better leave a small force at your 
present position, aud join bim witb tbe reuiaiuder of your command. 
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. D. IIUGGLES, 
[19.J Colonel, Aide-dc-Camp, and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headqfarters Akmy op the Potomac, 
Near Centerville, September IG, 1862 — 'J. SO p. m. 
Major- General Franklin: 

General: General McOlellan directs me to say tbat tbe enemy is 
still in force in front of us. Wbat news bave you? And wliat is tbe 
condition of affairs witli you? Please answer. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. D. EUGGLES, 
[19.1 Colonel and Aide-de-Camp. 



HEADyUARTER« ARMY OP THE POTOMAO, 

Heptemher 10, 1862 — 3.-15 p. m. 

Brigadier-General Pleasonton : 

General: Tbe commanding general desires you to collect all your 
cavalry, excepting sucb only as may be detacbed on important service, 
so as to bave your command ready at a moment's notice, sbould it be 
required to make jmrsuit of tbe enemy. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. D. RUGGLES, 
[19. j Colonel, Assistant Adjutant- General, and Aide-de-Camp. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqks. IJepenses op Washington, 

No. 7. ] September 10, 1862. 

7. Brig. Gen. J. B. Carr will report to Brig. Gen. C. Grover, com- 
manding division, Tliird Corps, for assignment by bim to tbe commaud 
of a brigade of bis division. 

***** # # 

By command of Major-General Banks: 

lilOHD. B. lEWIlSr, 

Captain, Aide-de-Vamp, and Aeting Assistant Adjutant- General. 

[ly.j 



War Department, 
Washington City, D. C, September 17, 1802 — 11.20 a. m. 
John W. Garrett, Esq., 

President Baltimore end Ohio Railroad : 
We want to load sixty or seventy cars bero as fast as possible witb 
subsistence to be sent round to Hngerstown as rapidly as possible to 
supply General McClellan's forces. Will you make arrangements to 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 841 

have tbern sent through? The cars will be loaded to-day at Alexan- 
dria. There will be three trains.* 

P. H. WATSOX, 

[19.J Assistant tfecretary of War. 



Wau Department, 
^Yashington City, 1>. C, September 17, 18G2 — 11.25 p. m. 
Mr. KooNTZ, 

Washinf/ton Depo t : 
Can y(ju have a train consisting of a locomotive and a single baggage 
car ready in say two hours to start for Hagerstown via llarrisburg? 
The car will be loaded with anmiunition and it is of the utmost impor- 
tance to run the train through at the highest possible speed so as to 
reach Hager.stown in the morning. This train must have the right of 
way on the whole route. 

r. H. WATSON, 
[19.] Assistant Secretary of War. 



War Department, 

Washington City, 1). C, September 17, 18G2 — 11.40 p. m. 
Mr. KooNTZ, 

Washington Depot: 

Get ready a locomotive and baggage cars enough to carry 50,000 
pounds of ammunition. 

P. n. WATSON', 

[1!>.J Assistant Secretary hf War. 



War Department, 
Washington, J). C, September 17, 1862 — 11.30 p. m. 
John W. Garrett, Esq., 

President, &c., Baltimore: 
We are making up a train, to consist of a locomotive and one baggage 
car loaded with ammunition, which General McOlellan wants in the 
morning at Hagerstown, if ])ossible. This train must have the right of 
way on the entire i-oute, and must be run as fast as any express pas- 
sciigei' train could be run. It will be readj^ to start in two or three 
hours from this time. Can you malie the necessarj' arrangements to 
push it through via Harrisburg? 

P. H. WATSON, 
[ 19.] Assistant Secretary of War. 



Camden Station, September 17, 1802 — 11.10 p. m. 

(Eeceived 11.50 p. m.) 
P. H. Watson, 

Assistant Secretary of War: 
Your dispatcli leceived for Mr. Garrett. We will do everytliing pos- 
sible to secure result you desire. 

W. P. SMITH. 

119.1 



* For reply, sou Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 313. 



842 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. (Chap. Lxm. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Via Hagerstown, Md., September 17 1862, (Eeceived 10 p. m.) 
Brigadier-Geueral Ripley, 

QMef of Ordnance : 
If you can possibly do it, force some 20-pouiider Parrott ammunition 
through to-night, via Hagerstown and Chanibersburg, to us, near 
Sharpsburg, Md. 

GEO. B. McOLELLAN, 

Major- General, Commanding. 

[iDdorsemcnt iu Ordnance Office.] 

Attended to at once, September 17 — 11 p. m. 

[19.J 



War Departsient, 
Washington City, D. C, September 17, 1862. 
General McOlbllan, 

Near Hagerstoicn, Md. : 
Telegram received. A special train will soon leave with the 
20 pounder ammunition asked for. It will go in charge of an ordnance 
officer, and will be in Hiigerstown to morrow morning. Other ammu- 
nition will follow to Frederick and Hagerstown as soon as possible. 

JAS. W. EIPLEY, 
[19.] Brigadier- General and Chief of Ordnance. 



Ordnance Office, 
Washington, September 17, 1862. 
Col. G. D. Eamsat, 

Washington Arsenal : 

The following dispatch has just been received from General 
McClellan: 

If you possibly can do it, force some 20-pouiider Parrott amiuanitiou through 
to-night, via Hagerstown and Chanibersburg, to use near Sharpsburg, Md. 

I have called on Colonel Rucker for the transportation. Get the 
ammunition ready and send it to the cars as soon as possible, and let 
an officer accompany it to its destination. 

JAS. W. RIPLEY, 

[19. 1 Brigadier- General and Chief of Ordnance, 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 17, 1862—0,10 a, m. 
General Sumner : 

General: General McClellan desires you to be very careful how 
you advance, as he fears our right is suffering. 
I am, general, respectfully, &c., 

GEO. D. RUGGLES, 

Colonel, i&o. 
P. S. — General Mansfield is killed and Hooker wounded in the foot 

[19.J ^- ^- ^- ■ 



Chap. LXIII] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 843 

Headquaeters Army of the Potomac, 
September 17, 1862—7.15 a. m. (Received 2.05 p. m.) 
Brigadier-General Humphreys, 

FredericJc : 
Pusli oil to Boonsborougli. Advise General Porter of the time of 
your approacli in season to let liiiu send orders npou your arrival. 
By coinmaud of Major-Geueral McClellan : 

R. B. MAROY, 
[19. 1 Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 17, 18G2. 
Brigadier-General Humphreys : 

Tbe commanding geueial desires you to lose not an instant in get- 
ting to the front. Hasten yonr command. Much depends npoii our 
getting re-enforcements at once. 
By command of Major-Geiieral McClellan : 

S. WILLIAMS, 
1 19. 1 Assistant Adjutant-General. 



September 17, 1862—12.30 p. m. 
General Humphreys: 

Pushup to Oenterville [Kecdysville|. Give yonr men twenty addi- 
tional rounds to carry in the ])ockets. All goes well, and we are driv- 
ing enemy. Bring up your men so as to be as fresh as possible, but 
get here soon. 

F. J. POETEK, 
Major- General, Commanding. 
Get up to-night if possible. 

Send reply stating state and strength of command, and when you will 
be likely to get here. 

A. S. W[EBB], 

(19.1 Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Fifth Corps, Army of the Potomac, 

September 17, 1862—2.30 p. m. 
General Humphreys: 

We are in the midst of the most important and extended battle of the 
war. The rebels are desperate. We have driven them some distance, 
but it is of vital itnportance to get up all our troops. Oo7ne on as soon 
as possible, and hurry up with all haste. Do not render the command 
unfit for service, but force your march.* 
Bv order : 

ALEX. S. WEBB, 
1 19. 1 Chief of Staff. 

* Written on the outside of envelope containing this dispatch is, " Hunip)\rcy.s on 
the roail between this and Frederick. If ni)t on the road, go to telegraph oflice and 
find where he is. Find him to-night." And in Gener.al Humphreys' handwriting is, 
" Received at sunset one milo beyond Frederick — that is, one mile nearer Antietam." 



844 MD,, E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

Centerville, Md., [SejHemher] 17, 1862. 
Geueral Humphreys: 

5 ]). m. — Get liere before daybreak. 

F. J. PORTER, 
[19.] Major-Oeiierol. 



nEAD(A'ARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC, 

September 17, 1802 — 12 midnight. 
Maj. Gen. D. N. OotJCH, 

Commanding : 
General : Major-General McOlellan desires yoii to march with your 
command to-morrow morning in time to report with it to Major-General 
Franivlin as soon after daylight as you can possibly do so. Franklin 
is on the left of (reneral Sumner. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. B. MARCY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 17, 1862—9.10 n. m. 
Major-General Burnside : 

General : Geueral Franklin's command is within one mile and a half 
of here. General McCiellan desires you to ojien your attack. As soon 
as you shall have uncovered the upper Stone bridge you will be sup- 
ported, and, if necessary, on your owu line of attack. So far all is going 
well. 

Respectfully. GEO. T). RUGGLES, 

[19.] Colonel, dx. 



Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

September 17, 18G2 — 6.10 p. m. 
Major-General Burnside: 

General: General McCiellan directs me to say that whatever the 
result of your affair to-night may be, you must so guard the bridge with 
infantry and artillery as to make it impossible for the enemy to cross it. 
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient serva'nt, 

R. B. MARCY, 
|1'*-1 Chief of Staff. 

Headqxtarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 17. 1862— G.l 5 p. m. 
Major-General Burnside: 

General: fJeneral McCiellan directs me to inclose the accompany- 
ing dispatch* from signal officer, and to say that if there is any truth 
in it, he desires you to push the enemy vigorously. Let the general 
know if the enemy is retreating, and he will push forward with the 
center. 

T am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

R. B. MARCY, 
\^^-\ _ Chief of Staff: 

'Not found. 



Chai'. Lxm.] CORKESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 845 

Headquakters Army of the Potomac, 

September 17, 18tiL'—3.30 j>. m. 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton : 

General: General McClellan directs uie to say he has no infantry 
to spare. 

Confer -witli Major-General Porter, and if lie cannot support yonr 
batteries, withdraw tbem. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. B. MAKCY, 
[ly.J Chief of Staff. 



HEADCiUAU'JERS ARMY OF THE PoTOMAC, 

Scptemher 17, l>s(j^ — / p. m. 
Brigadier- General Pleasonton : 

(lENERAL: General McClellan directs you to send two squadrons of 
cavalry to report to lirigadier-General Meade. He will probably be 
found near the Pennsylvania Reserves, on our right. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 



GEO. 1). IIUGGLES, 



[19.1 Colonel and Aide-deCami, 



Headquarters Foi^rth Army Corps, 

I'orMotvn, Va., September 17, 1862. 

Brigadier-General Wessells, 

Commandiuf/ Brigade : 
General: In accordance with instructions from Major-General Dix, 
the major-general commanding directs that you proceed forthwith by 
special boat to Fortress Monroe and report to the major-general 
commanding. 

^''ery respectfully, your obedient servant, 

C. C. SUYDAM, 
[18, J Jjicutcnant-Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Depot, [September 18, 186;>\— 12.80 [«. m.\ 

P. H. Watson, 

Assistant Secretari/ of 11 ar; 

It will take four cars. 

GEO. S. KOONTZ. 

U!>.| 



"Washington Depot, September 18, 1802. 

(deceived 5 a. m.) 

P. H. Watson, 

Assistant Secretary of War : 

Four cars of ammunition left at 4.55 o'clock. 

GEO. S. KOONTZ. 

119.1 



846 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIU. 

War Depabtment, 
Washington City, D. 6'., September 18, 1862 — 9A0 a. m. 

W. i'. Smith, Esq., 

Superintendent, &c., Baltimore, Md.: 

At what hour did the ammunition train leave Baltimore? 

r. H. WATSON, 

[19.] Assistant Secretary of War. 



Oamden Station, Baltimore, September 18, 18G3. 

(Received 10 a. m.) 
Hon. P. H. W^atson : 

Instead ot one baggage car with the ammunition as required in your 
dispatch of midnight, there were four cars Avhich could not leave 
Washington until nearly 5 a. m. TLey arrived Camden Station 6.30 
a. m., aud we transferred them here through Howard Street to the 
Northern Central by 6.50 a. m. They left Bolton Station about 7 a. m. 
I have renewed my appeals to that company to urge them forward to 
Hagerstowu aud sent one of our men to accompany them tlirough. 

W. P. SMITH. 
[19.J 



Wak Department, 
Wnshiiif/ton, September 18, 1862 — 10.15 a. m. 
Hon. T. A. Scott, 

Barrisburff : 
The following dispatch just received, viz : 

The cars arrived Camdeu Station 6.30 a. m., and we transferred them here throngh 
Howard Street to the Northern Central by 6.50 a. ni. They left Holton Station 
about 7 a. m. I have renewed ray appeals to that company to urge them forward to 
Hagerstown, and sent one of our men to accompany them through. 

W. P. SMITH. 

Please telegraph when the train leaves Harrisburg. 

P. H. WATSON, 

[19.] Assistant Secretary of War. 



Harrisburg, September 18, 1862. 

(Received 11,30 a. m.) 
Hon. Edwin M. Stanton: 

Ammunition arrived at 10.20 this a. m. aud has gone on to Hagers- 
towu. 

THOS. A. SCOTT, 

[19.] Aidv-de-Camp. 



Arsenal, September 18, 1862—1 a. m. 
(leueral Ripley: 

Your dispatch just received. If I send men to the depot I can't 
possibly get oa here. The laboring men live wide apart and 1 can't col- 
lect them after night. My work tonight is very heavy. I can only 
send a few meu iu compliauce with your order. 

GEO. D. RAMSAY, 

[19'J Lieutenant-Colonel. 



Chap. LXIIl.i CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 847 

Arsenal, September 18, 1862. 

(Received 10 a. m.) 
General Ripley : 

Tbe shipment of the ammunition for 20-pouuders went last night by 
way of Hagerstown with Lieutenant Bradford. The total number of 
rounds of field ammunition to go via Frederick is now at the depot and 
the small-arm ammunition is now loading and will amount, agreeably 
to your telegraphic instructions, to 1,500,000, by tbe way of Frederick, 
and this large amount to be duplicated via Hagerstown. Shall the 
field ammunition be detained for the small-arms? It will take some 
time to get off so large an amount. We have not ceased to work since 
reception of instructions last evening from Captain Beuton, Answer 
at once. 

GEO, D. RAMSAY, 

[19.] Lieutenant- GoIoimI, dec. 

Headqttaeters Army op the Potomac, 

September 18, 1862—9 a. m. 
Brigadier-General Meade : 

General: The commanding general desires you to reorganize your 
corps as rapidly as possible, and get it in condition either to make an 
attack or to resist one. Please keep a good watch of the movements 
of the enemy, and report everything of importance. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

R. B. MARCY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

Keedysville, September IS, 1862 — 7.40 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Meade : 

General: The commanding general directs you to push forward 
your pickets at an early hour in the morning, and to ascertain whether 
the enemy is in force in your front. Please send a staff oflQcer to these 
headquarters to report the result. 
I am, &c., 

R. B. MARCY, 

Chief of Staff. 

(Verbal orders to same effect given General Burnside.) 

[19-] 

[September 18, 18G2.] 
Brigadier-General Humphreys, 

Commanding Division ; 

General Williams thinks that the division should be on the ground 
as soon as possible, and that therefore, considering the emergency of 
the case, no long rests can be given — merely enough to keep the men 
from breaking down entirely. They may have an opportunity to rest 
on the field, and may not be called upon at all to-day. I will rejoin 
you as soon as possible. 
Very respectfully, 

CARSWELL McCLELLAN. 
[19.] 



848 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

nBADQUAKTERS AbMY OF THE PoTOMAC, 

^cptemher 18, 1802 — S a. m. 
Major-General Franklin : 

General: The commanding general directs that you send the First 
and Sixtli Kegiments of Cavalry and section of horse artillery that has 
been serving with tliem to jeport to Brigadier-General IMeasonton. 
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

1{. B. MAKCY, 
[1!).] Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

KeedysvUlc, September 76', 18(12 — 5A'> ]). m. 
Major-General Franklin : 

(rENERAL : The Commanding general directs you to throw forward 
two companies or more of skirmishers, supported by a brigade, and 
with them to take possession of the corn-field and height on the right 
of the woods supposed to be occupied by the enemy in force. You will 
hold your whole corps in readiness to support tlie brigade, should this 
be required. After having obtained possession of the corn-field and 
height, you will make such dispositions with your inlantry and artillery 
as may be required to hold the position and to drive tlie enemy out of 
the adjacent wood. Lieutenant Oorastock will indicate to you the posi- 
tion mentioned at an early hour to-morrow morning. It is desired that 
this movement be executed immediately thereafter, unless contrary 
orders be sent during the night. General Suinner will be instructed to 
replace your troops in line by others from his corps. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

II. B. MARGY, 

Chief of Staff. 

P. S. — Push your pickets forward at an early hour in the morning to 
ascertain whether the enemy is iu force in your front. 

E. B. M,, 

[19.] Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September is, 1862 — 10.45 a. m. 
IMajor-General Burnside: 

General: The commanding general directs you to send a small 
party of cavalry out to scout toward, and as far down as, Harper's 
Ferry. He also directs you to post a party of cavalry to watch the 
road crossing tiie Antietam at its mouth, and to send anotlier small 
party of cavalry down along the bank of the Antietam as far as its 
mouth, to see that no one is crossing it. If cavalry cannot get down 
along the bank, infantry will be sent in its stead to accomplish the 
object specified. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. B. MAECY, 

[1!^-1 Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

September 18, 1862 — 6 a. m. 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton : 

General : The commanding general desires you to push small cav- 
alry reconnaissances to the right, left, and front of the position now 



CHAP. XXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC.^ — UNION. 849 

occupied by this army, ami to conimiuiicate at once to these headquar- 
ters such iuformatiou as uiay be obtained in relation to the strength, 
position, and movements of the enemy. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

li. B. MAECY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



ITeadquartees Army of the Potomac, 

September 18, 1862 — 11.1:") a. m. 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton: 

General: The commandijig- general directs that you send two 
squadrons of cavalry, one to scout on the east side of tlic Elk Ridge 
Mountain, and the other on the west side, from our present position to 
the Potomac. These troops will continue to scout up and down the 
country as specified until further orders. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

11. B. MARGY, 
[ID.] Chief of Staff. 



GiRcuLAR.] Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Keedysville, September 19, 1862 — S.45 p. m. 
The troops of this command will immediately be placed in position as 
follows, viz: Franklin's corps on Hagerstown pike, Meade's corps 
between Franklin's and Potomac^ Davis to examine country between 
Hagerstown pike and Potomac in front of Meade, Banks' corps on 
Franklin's left, Sumner to rest his left on Sharpsburg, Porter to rest 
his right on Sharpsburg, Burnside to take position on Porter's left, 
extending his left toward the Potomac. 
By command of Major-General McGlellan : 

E. B. MARCY, 

Chief of Staff. 

(To Gencials Sumner, Franklin, Burnside, Porter, Meade, and Colonel 
Davis.) 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Sharpsburg, September 19, 1862 — 12.30 p. m. 
General G. G. Meade, 

Commandimj Iloolcefs Corps: 
General: The commanding general directs that you remain where 
you are until further orders, examining well the roads leading to the 
river. 

Very respectfully, yours, 

R. B. MARCY, 
[19. 1 Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 19, 1862—4 a. m. 
Major-General Sumner: 

General: Your dispatch of 11.30 o'clock last night just received. 
The commanding general directs you, if the enemy appears to be retir- 

'^/l T, ^ """". LI, I'T I 



850 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. V> [Chai'. lxiii. 

ing, to mass your troops in readiness to move in any direction. The 
otlier corps commanders are directed to push forward their pickets, and 
if the enemy is retreating, to mass their commands. General Pleas 
onton is also directed in such an event to throw out small cavalry 
parties on the various roads leading from our position in the direction 
of the enemy's retreat, to ascertain the nature and the degree of the 
obstructions therein. 

I am, general, verv respectfully, your obedient servant, 

K. B. MARCY, 
[10.] Chief of Staf. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Sharpsburg, September 19, 18(>2 — 12.15 p. m. 

Major-General Sumner : 

General: The commanding general directs you to send Banks' 
corps, via Rohrersville and Brownsville, toward Harper's Ferry, with 
instructions to occupy Marj'laiid Heights. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

li. B. MAKGY, 
[19.J Chief of Staf. 



Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

Sharpsburg, September 19, 1862 — 5 p. m. 

Maj. Gen. E. V. Sumner, 

Commanding Corps : 

Geneeai,: The commanding general directs that you select a camp 
ground near your present position, with good water, &c.,and camp your 
command. General headquarters will be to night at the same place as 
last night, at the east end of Keedysville. Please send an aide to report 
your position. 

Very respectfully, yours, 

R. B. MARCY, 
[19.] Chief of Starf. 



Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

Keedysville, September 19, 1802 — d.30 a. m. 
Major-Gen cral Franklin: 
Brigadier-General Meade: 

Generals: General Sumner reports that the enemy is moving his 
artillery to the west, and felling trees behind him as elsewhere. The 
commanding general directs you to push forward your pickets, and if 
the enemy appears to be retiring, to mass your troops in readiness to 
move in any direction. Tlie other corps commanders are instructed 
to do the same, and General Pleasontou is directed to throw out small 
parties of cavalry on the various roads leading from our position in the 
direction of the enemy's retreat, to ascertain the nature and the degree 
of the obstructions therein. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

K. B. MARCY, 

[19-] Chief of Staff. 



Chap. LXUI.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 851 

Headquarters Army op the roTOMAc, 

Sharpsburg, September 19, 1862 — 11A5 a. m. 
Maj. Gen. W. B. Franklin, 

Commanding Sixtii Corps: 
General: The commanding general directs that you move your 
corps into such a position that you can establish your batteries so as to 
enfilade the enemy's columns to as much advantage as possible, without 
exposing your men to the fire of the enemy's batteries on the other side 
of the river opposite the ford. Take all the prisoners you can and do 
the enemy all the damage possible, but do not attempt to cross the 
river without further orders. 

Very respectfully, yours, 

B. B. MAECY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 19, 1862— 11A5 p. m. 
Major-General Franklin : 

General: The rebel General Stuart is reported as having moved 
on Williamsport with 4,000 cavalry and six pieces of artillery. Ten thou- 
sand infantry of the enemy are also reported advancing on Williams- 
port. General Couch is ordered to Williamsport with his division, and 
General Pleasonton, with two batteries of artillery and nearly half of 
his cavalry, is ordered to co-operate Avith him. It is the intention that 
these troops shall be at Williamsport at daylight to-morrow. General 
McClellan directs that you hold your corps in readiness to support this 
movement if required. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

R. B. MAECY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Sharpsburg, September 19, 1862—8.15 p. m. 
General D. N. Couch, 

Commanding Division : 
General: The commanding general directs that you at once send a 
detachment from your division, of about 2,000 men, to proceed on 
the Ilagerstown pike to Jones' Cross-Roads, where you will find Col- 
onel Voss, with Twelfth Illinois Cavalry. The general in command of 
your detachment will order Colonel Voss to join him with his regiment, 
except one squadron to be left to guard the cross-roads, and the com- 
mand will then proceed by the direct road toward Williamsport. On 
arriving near the town, where there is reported to be 1,000 rebel infan- 
try and one ])iece of artillery, the commander will so dispose his forces 
as to surround and capture the troops in possession of the town. 
Please send one battery with this command. Cavalry scouts should 
be kept well in advance, after leaving the cross-roads, to determine, if 
possible, the exact nature of the force in possession of the town. The 
command should arrive before Williamsport very soon after daylight 
to-morrow. 

Yours, very truly, __ 

■^ R. B. MAECY, 

[19.J Chief of Staff. 



852 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., &. W. VA. [Chap. LXUI. 

Headqtjaktebs Army of the Potomac, 

September 19, 1862. 
General IJ. K. OoucH, 

Gomviandinfj Division : 
As it bas been reported tbat Stuart, witb 4,000 cavahy and six pieces 
of artillery, is marcbiiig ou Williamsport, and tbat infantry bavecome 
down from "Wiucbester to tbc same place, tbe commanding general 
directs that you marcli at once, witb tbe remainder of your division, 
via Jones' Cioss-Eoads, to Williamsport, and co-operate witb General 
I^leasontou, wlio is ordered witb a large force to the same place and to 
await your arrival at Jones' Cross-lioads. General Keynolds, witb 
8,000 militia, is now between Hagerstown and Williamsport, and will 
co-operate witb you in tbis movement if necessary. Please report tbe 
time of your departure, and also report as often as anything of impor 
tance occurs on your marcb. You will return to this army after you 
have driven tbe rebels back into Virginia. 
Very respectfully, 

R. B. MAKGY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquaeteks Army op the Potomac, 

September 19, 1862—9.30 p. m. 
Brig. Gen. J. F. Eeynolds: 

General: Tbe great mass of tbe enemy marched from Shepherds- 
town today, on tbe Winchester and Gharlestown roads. A detach- 
ment of our cavalry Avas fired upon to-dayby infantry at Williamsport. 
Tbe cai)tain iu command reports them about 1,000 strong, with one 
field piece. This re])ort is corroborated by a citizen who left Williams- 
port about 12 o'clock to-day. Two thousand infantry, a battery of 
artillery, and four squadrons of cavalry are ordered to march to-night, 
so as to reach Williamsport as soon alter daylight as practicable, and 
to endeavor to capture the rebel force there. It would be Avell for you 
to co-operate witb this command by marching down Irom Hagerstown. 
I am, general, &c., 

E. B. MAECY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Kecchjsville, September 19, 1862 — 4 a. m, 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton : 

General: General Sumner reports that the enemy's artillery is 
moving to the west, and that he (the enemy) is felling trees behind him. 
The commanding general directs you to ascertain if the enemy appears 
to be retiring, and, if so, to mass your troops and to hold them ready 
to move in any direction. He also desires you to send out small cav- 
alry detachments ou the various roads leading from our position in tbe 
direction of the enemy's retreat, to ascertain the nature and degree of 
the obstructions therein. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. B. MAECY, 
[19.J Chief of Staf. 



CHAP.LXIir.] COERESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 853 

Headquarteks Army of the Potomac, 

Sharpsbvrci, September 19, 1862 — l.l:") p. in. 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton : 

General: Your two dispatches just received, (ieneral McClellan 
directs me to say that he does not propose to cross the river, aijd that 
he does not desire yon to do so, unless you sec a splendid opportunity 
to inflict great damage ui>on the enemy without loss to yourself. 
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. B. MAECY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September If), IMS— 10 p. m. 
Brigadier- General Pleasonton : 

General: Colonel Hunt opened nineteen guns on the enemy just 
before dark and kept up his lire until night set in. Tlie enemy scat- 
tered in all directions. An infantry force of about 400 men was crossed 
immediately, and it is believed that five or six guns have fallen, or will 
fall, into our possession. Colonel Hunt thinks that you should be at 
the river by daylight without fail, and that yon should take your artil- 
lery with you. General McClellan concurs fully in this, and directs 
that you push your command forward after the enemy as rapidly as 
possible, using your artillery upon them wherever an opportunity i)re- 
sents, doing them all the damage in your power without incurring too 
much risk to your command. If great results can be obtained, do not 
spare your men or horses. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. B. MAECY, 

Chief of Staff. 
V. S. — Our troops Avill hold the heights on the opposite side of the 
river during the night. 

[19.] E. B. M. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 19, 186;?— J 1 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton : 

General : The rebel General Stuart is reported to have moved to 
Williamsport with 4,000 cavalry and six pieces of artillery. It is also 
reported that 10,000 infantry of the enemy are approaching Williamsport 
from Winchester. Couch has been ordered to move to Williamsport so 
as to be there at daylight, picking up Colonel Voss' regiment of cavalry 
at Jones' Cross- Eoads. General McClellan, therefore, directs that you 
send out immediately sufficient cavalry to scout all the roads on our 
right, to give timely notice of the approach to this point of any 
mounted force of the enemy. You will send two batteries with half of 
your entire cavalry force to report at daylight in the morning to Major- 
General Porter at Sliepherdstown. With the remainder of your cav- 
alry and two batteries of artillery you will proceed at once to Jones' 
Cross-Eoads, and there await the arrival of General Couch's command. 
From this point you will move on Williamsport with General Couch, 
and co-operate with him in capturing, if possible, or else in driving ofl', 
such force of the enemy as may be found there. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
' » -^ i j^ g MAECY, 

Chief of Staff. 



854 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXm. 

Headquaktees Aemy of the Potomac, 

September 20, 1862—3 p. m. 
Major-General Halleok, 

Oeneral-in- Chief, Washington : 

I urgently request tbat the president of the Chesapeake and Ohio 
Canal Company be asked to repair that canal at once. That he should 
do so is indispensably necessary for ulterior military operations. I also 
request that all the small steamers plying on the canal may be sent to 
Harper's Ferry as soon as the repairs shall have been comi)]eted. By 
my direction my chief quartermaster telegraphed last evening a dispatch 
similar to this to General Meigs, who replied raising objections on the 
score of want of protection to the canal. I do not require suggestions 
of this kind. I shall be responsible that full protection is afforded it. 

G. B. McCLELLAN, 

[19.j Major- General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Centervillc, September 20, 1862 — 9 a. m. 
Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter, 

Commanding Fifth Corps: 

General: The reason why no cavalry repotted to yoii this morning 
is that last night they were ordered by you back to their old camps to 
refit and to shoe their horses, much to the surprise of the commaiiding 
general. They were ordered out last night, and it is presumed must 
have reported to you before this time. General Couch's division and 
two brigades of cavalry have gone to Williamsport this morning to 
attend to a rebel force said to be in possession of and opposite to that 
town. 

Yours, very respectfully, 

R. B. MARCY, 

[i9-] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Centerville, September 20, 1862 — 11 a. m. 
Ma,i. Gen. W. B. Franklin, 

Commanding Sixth Corps: 
General: The commanding general directs that you put your com- 
mand in readiness to move at a moment's notice and with as little delay 
as possible. General Porter reports that the enemy are attacking liis 
position on the other side of the river, at Shepherdstowu. 
Y^ours, very truly, 

R. B. MARCY, 
[19-1 Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

Near Sharpsburg, September 20, 1S62—8.30 p. m. 
Maj. Gen. W. B. Franklin, 

Commanding Sixth Corps: 
General : An aide of General McClellan's has just returned from 
General Couch's position near Williamsport. The information he brings 
is of such a character as, in the opinion of the commanding general to 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 855 

render it absolutely necessary for you to put your command in motion 
at once to reeuforce him. It is of the utmost importance that you 
should reach his ijositiou before daylight. A part of General Couch's 
division marched to the vicinity of Williamsport last night. The night 
march is therefore practicable. Captain Lowell, who has just returned 
from there, is of the opinion that the Sharpsburg and Hagerstown pike 
to .Tones' Cross-Roads is the best road to take. You will find some of 
our cavalry at the cross-roads, who can inform [you | of General Couch's 
position. You will please assume command of all the troops in that 
vicinity, and endeavor to defeat and capture the rebel troops opposed 
to you. In addition to Couch's division, you will have under your com- 
mand three brigades of Pleasonton's cavalry, three horse batteries, and 
a brigade of infantry from Hagerstown. It would be well for you to 
communicate with General Couch at once by a special messenger, 
informing him as to the probable time of your arrival. 

Very respectfully, yours, R. B. MAROY, 

[19.] Chief of maf. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Genterville, September 20, 1862 — 10.15 a. m. 
Maj. Gen. D. N. Couch: 

General: Your communication of 8.40 a. m, to-day is received. 
The commanding general directs me to say that he wishes you to occupy 
the town of Williamsport, if you can do it without risk, and to ascer- 
tain as definitely as you can what force of the enemy is in the vicinity. 
The ford should certainly be held to prevent passage by them, and it 
might even be well to threaten it yourself, as you suggest. This must 
be left to your judgment. General Pleasonton has probably joined you 
by tliis time. 

Yours, very respectfully, R. B. MARCY, 

[19.J Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Wear Sharpsburg, September 20, 1862 — 7.15 p. m. 

Major-General Couch: 

General: Franklin is ordered to send you one division. Pleas- 
onton is also directed to send you one brigade of cavalry and one horse 
battery. General Kenly, with the Maryland Brigade, is also ordered 
to join you from near Hagerstown. All these troops will be with you 
before daylight. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
' R. B. MARCY, 

[19.1 C^/ne/ of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Near Sharpsburg, September 20, 1862 — S.30 p. m. 

Major-General Burnside : 

General McClellan directs me to say that the force of the enemy 
in front of General Porter seems merely intended to cover retreat of 
wagon train, &c. There is some force of the enemy at Williamsport, 
against which Couch moved this morning, and Franklin is ordered to 
go to-night. Williams' (Banks') corps arrived at Maryland Heights at 



856 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXUI. 

1 p. m. today. TLe coininandiug general directs you to hold yourself 
in readiness to move in tlie same direction as soon as events have 
developed themselves here and at Willi am sport. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

li. B. MAliCY, 
[I'J.J Chief of Staff. 



Headquarteks Akmy of the Potomac, 

September 30, 1862 — 7 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Tleasonton : 

General: The commanding general directs you to send one horse 
battery with the brigade of cavalry to be sent to General Couch. He 
also directs you to send two small regiments of cavalry and one horse 
battery to report to General F. J. Porter at daylight to-morrow morn- 
ing. The officer Avho is to command the troops for General Porter will 
report to him to-night. General Franklin is directed to send Couch 
one division as re-enforcements. 

I am, general, &c., li. B. MARCY, 

[lit.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 31, 1862. 
General Meade, 

Commanding Army Corps: 
General: The commanding general directs that you march your 
corps at 9 o'clock to-morrow morning, via Kohrersville and Brownsville, 
to a ])oint opposite Harper's Ferry, and report your arrival at that point 
to these headquarters. General Sumner will march for the same place 
at daylight to-morrow, but will march by the river road. Please take 
supplies sufficient to last till you can send to the lailroad terminus for 
others. You will remove your camp permanently. 

Very respectfully, E. B. MARCY, 

Chief of Staff. 
(Countermanded same date.) 
[19.] 



Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 
Camp near the I'otomac, September 21, 1863 — 1.30 p. m. 
Maj. Gen. E. Y. Bumner, 

Commanding Corps : 
General: The commanding general directs that you get your com- 
mand in readiness to move at daylight to-morrow morning to a point 
opi)osite Harper's Ferry, where you will remain until a pontoon bridge 
is placed across the river. You will then pass over tlie river and occupy 
Loudoun and Bolivar Heights and Harper's Ferry. After accomplishing 
this you will direct the corps commanded by General Williams to cross 
the river and place it in position. You will please march by way of 
Sharpsburg, thence following the road which runs nearest to the Poto- 
mac. You Avill take steps to-night to procure supplies to last you until 
you can get them by the lialtimore and Ohio Railroad at Harper's Ferry. 
Yours, very resi)ectfully, 

R. B. MARCY, 
[!»■] Chief of Staff: 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 867 

Headquarters Army oe the Potomac, 
Ganq) near the Potomac, September :.'!, Ifi6;^—i.30 p. m. 
Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter, 

Commanding Fifth Corps: 
General: The conimandiug general directs that you occupy Shep- 
herdstown as soon as it can be done with safety to your command. 
Previous to doing this, however, you will send out cavalry scouts on 
all the approaches to the place from the other side to determine 
whether there is any enemy near. The general commanding also desires 
that you will parole all the wounded rebels you may find in Shep- 
herdstowii as soon as it can be done. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant. 

It. B. MAKOY, 
[19-] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Camp near the Potomac, September 31, 1862 — 11 a, m. 
Maj. Gen, W. B. Franklin, ' 

Commanding near Williamsport : 
General : Your dispatch of 8,30 this morning is received. General 
Reynolds can take his militia back to Pennsylvania. General Kenly's 
brigade will remain at Williamsport to guard the crossing. You will 
please remain in your present position till further orders, gaining all 
the information in your power about the enemy's movements, and using 
your own discretion about operating against any force that may show 
itself in your vicinity. Should you ascertain that the enemy have any 
cavalry on this side, you will, of course, endeavor to prevent their 
escape. The enemy's pickets are still on the river opiiosite us, Noth- 
ing else new. 

Yours, very truly, 

R, B. MARGY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Camp near the Potomac, September 21, 1H62 — 11.30 a. m. 
Commanding Officer Camp of Franklin's Corps: 

Sir: The commanding general directs that you proceed at once to 
join (ieneral Franklin's command at Williamsport, with all the wagon 
train and equipage belonging to it. Your route will be along the 
Sharpsburg and Hagerstown pike (the only one leading north from 
Sharpsburg) to Jones' Cross-Roads, where it is crossed by the road from 
Boonsborough to Williamsport, and thence along the latter road to or 
near Williamsport. The empty wagons, if you have any, might be sent 
in advance of the rest of the train, as they will be needed to draw sup- 
plies from Hagerstown. 

Yours, very respectfully, 

R, B. MARCY, 

Chief of Staff. 

If you have wagons to arrive to-day with sui)plies you |willj leave or 
send directions for them to follow you. 
[19.] 



858 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Ciixr. LXIII. 

General Orders, ) Hdqrs. 1st (Hooker's) Army Corps, 

No. 3. ) Near Sharpshurg, ]\fd., September 21^ 1862. 

I. The troops of this command will move to-morrow to Harper's 
Ferry by the road via Eobrersville and Brownsville in the following 
order : 

II. Seymour's division, followed by his ammunition, ambulance, and 
baggage trains. 

III. Doubleday's division, followed by his train. 

IV. Eicketts' division and train. 

V. Captain Naylor, commanding cavalry battalion, will detail a com- 
pany as heretofore to follow in the rear of each division and bring up 
stragglers. The fourth company will accompany headquarters. 

VI. Commanders of divisions, brigades, and regiments are enjoined 
to exercise the utmost energy to keep the men in the ranks and pre- 
vent straggling, by rear guards and patrols on their flanks to prevent 
the men from wandering to and stopping at the houses on the road. 

VII. The army corps headquarters trains will follow Seymour's 
ambulance trains. 

VIII. The movement will be commenced by Seymour's division at 9 
a. m. precisely. 

By command of Brig. Gen. George G. Meade: 

EDWAKI) C. BAIRD, 
[19.J Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Totomac, 
Near Sharpsburg, (September 22, 1862 — 5 p. m. 
Brevet Majjor-General Sumner, 

Near Jlarpcr's Ferry: 
General: The commanding general directs you to cover with your 
command the construction of the pontoon bridge at Harper's Ferry, 
throwing a force over the ford if necessary. As soon as the bridge slmll 
have been constructed you will post one division of Williams' corps on 
Loudoun Heights, leaving one division of it on Maryland Height?. You 
will then establish your own corps on Bolivar Heights, and so post your 
artillery as to cover the three roads leading to H arper's Ferry. General 
Burnside is ordered to send his boat howitzers at daylight to-morrow, 
to be placed on Loudoun Heights, and to hold his corps in readiness to 
movoto Harper's Ferry. Pleasonton will also send at daylight to-morrow 
two regiments of cavalry and one battery of horse artillery to scout in 
direction of Charlestown and Martinsburg, and will bold bis whole cav- 
alry force in readiness to follow. 
I am, general, &c., 

R. B. MAIICY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 22, 1802 — 2 p. m. 
Major-General Franklin, 

Near Balcersville ; 
General: The commanding general directs you to orde'* General 
Kenly to occupy Clear Spring and to watch Clear Spring Ford, posting 
two to four guns there. You will furnish him with two or three squad- 
rons of cavalry for this purpose. You will also direct him to patrol the 



CiiAP. LXlII.i COERESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 859 

riyer-bauk toward Williamsport and iu the direction of Hancock. You 
will send two or three squadrons of cavalry and a battery (say four guns 
of Kenly's) to Hancock to watch the dam and ford there and to patrol 
down the river to meet Kenly. You will also examine the line of the 
Conococheague and make preparations to defend it should Jackson cross 
above it. 

I am, general, very respectfully, vour obedient servant, 

li. ]!. MAliCY, 
[19.] GMef of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Gamp near the Potomac, September 22, 1862. 
Maj. Gen. "W. B. Franklin, 

GommandiiKj Sixth Corps, die. : 
General: As it will be necessary for you to remain with your com- 
mand some little time iu your present locality, the commanding general 
directs that you select a camp for your own corps and Couch's division 
near Hagerstown, but between Williamsport and that place, in some 
place convenient for drawing your supplies from Hagerstown. Kenly's 
brigade will remain at Williamsport for the i)resent and guard the ford. 
You will keep your cavalry scouts well out in all directions along the 
river, and forward at once to those headquarters any information you 
may obtain. 

Yery resjiectfully, yours, 

E. B. MARCY, 
[19. 1 Chief of Staff . 



Headquarters, 
Williamsport, Md., September 23, 1802. 

Major-General Franklin, 

Gommandiny Sixth Army Corps : 
General : From four or five different sources I have received infor- 
mation that the Federal troops at Back Creek have been attacked by 
the rebels and the bridge burned. Tliis is on the line of the Baltimore 
and Ohio Eailroad, about twelve miles above here, and now, at 3.45 p. m,, 
I learn that the enemy arc crossing the river into Maryland. The force 
attacking the troops at Ihc bridge is represented to be considerable, 
both infantry and cavalry; the number crossing the river not reported. 
The cavalry under my command consists of the Eighth New York 
llegimeut, Lieutenant-Colonel Babbitt, and Captain Russell's two 
companies of Maryland cavalry, the whole available force of which I 
have sent up the river to make a reconnaissance. I inclose notes just 
received. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

.K)HN R. KENLY, 
Brigadier- Getieral of Volunteers, Commanding Fast. 

[Inclosure.] 

General: One of my men has just handed me this; I send it for- 
ward to you. 

C. K. BABBITT, 
Lieutenant- Colonel Eighth New Yorlc Cavalry. 



860 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chav. I-Xlir. 

[Sub-incloanre.] 

Indian Springs, Md., September 22, 1862. 
Col. H. W. Dellinger : 

Dear Sir : lleliable information is just received that a, considerable 
body of the rebel army has attacked the Federal troops near Back 
Creek, and as their force is small tliey will likely be defeated if re en- 
forcement is not soon at hand. Could you not send word to Williams- 
port or Hagerstown of the danger which we are in if they cross tlie 
river, which they will do ? You may expect a raid on your town by night. 
Yours, in haste, 

L. JACQUES. 

[Inrtoraemcnt.] 

Colonel Babbitt: 

Mr. Bellinger has just handed me this. The enemy are crossing the 
river. How much of a force I cannot say at present. 

FEISBIE, 

[19.] Captain. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 22, 1802 — i p. m. , 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton : 

General: The commanding general directs you to send two regi- 
ments of cavalry and one battery of horse artillery at daylight to-morrow 
morning to Harper's Ferry to scout out in the direction of Charlestown 
and Martinsburg. That portion of the Fifth Cavalry now with General 
Burnside is ordei'ed to join its regiment. The general desires you to 
leave General Burnside sufficient cavalry to watch the fords in his 
vicinity. He also desires you to have your whole cavalry force in 
readiness to move to Harper's Ferry to-morrow. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
[19.] 11. B. MARCY, 

Chief of Staff. 

Special Orders, ) Headquarters Seventh Army Corps, 

No. 108. J Fort Monroe, Va., September 22, 1862. 

******* 

2. Ma,). Gen. John J. Peck, volunteers, will proceed to Suff'olk,Ya., with- 
out delay and take command of the troops at that place and vicinity. 
By command of Major-General Dix: 

D. T. VAN BUREN, 

[18.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac, 

No. 2G0. ) Cam2) near Sharpsbnrg, Md., September 23, 1862. 

******* 

5. Paragraph 3, of Special Orders, No. 258, of the 21st instant,* reliev- 
ing Brig. Gen. J. Newton from duty with the Army of the Potomac, is 
revoked, and that officer will resume the command of his brigade. 

* * * * * * * 

By command of Major-General McClellan : 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



' See Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 340. 



Chat. LXm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 861 

Headquarters Army ov the Potomac, 

September 33, 1862. 
Maj. Gen. H. W. Hallegk, 

G eneral-in- Chief : 
TLe conspicuous conduct of Oapt. B. F. Davis, First Cavalry, in the 
management of the withdrawal of the cavalry from Harper's Ferry at 
the surrender of that place, merits the special notice of the Govern- 
ment. I recommend him ior the brevet of major. 

GEO. B. McOLELLAN, 
|19.J Major- General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Fifth Corps, 

September 23, 1862. 
Brigadier-General Humphreys, 

Commanding Division : 
I am directed by the general commanding to urge upon you the great- 
est vigilance to guard against surprise. Information received at these 
headquarters, correspondiug to that received at general headfiuarters, 
leads the general to suppose that the enemy may attempt a crossing in 
your front. 

I am, general, very resi^ectfully, your obedient servant, 

ALEX. S. WEBB, 
[19.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Near Sharpsburg, September 23, 1862 — 0.15 a. m. 
Maj. Gen. W. B. Franklin, 

Commanding Sixth Corps, &c. : 

General: There are good reasons for believing that Gejierals E. E. 
Lee and Jackson are still opposite to us; the former at a place called 
Leetown, between Shepherdstown and Martinsburg; the latter on the 
Opequon Creek, about three miles above its mouth, both having large 
forces. There are also indications of heavy re enforcements moving in 
this direction from Winchester and Charlestown. In view of this the 
commanding general directs that you march your corps, via Downs- 
ville, to a cross-roads about one mile above Bakersville on the Williams- 
port and Bakersville road, or as near that point as you can find good 
camping ground. It is desirable to watch and guard the ford at Wil- 
liamsport. If you think Kenly's brigade suflicient for tliat purpose 
you will direct General Couch to move his division to a point on the 
same road by which you are to march, a little tbis side of Downsville. 
You will please give instructions to him and to General Kenly to exer- 
cise great vigilance in watching all the fords in their vicinity, and for 
that purpose you will leave a small force of cavalry with each of them. 
Your jiositiou will be nearly opposite to where Jackson's headquarters 
are said to be. Please report your arrival at your new position and 
direct General Couch to do the same, and send all the information you 
can collect about the forces ojiposite. 
Yours, very respectfully, 

E. B. MARCY, 

|19.J Chief of Staff. 



862 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXUI. 

Headquabters Fourth Army Corps, 

Yorlctoicti, Va., September 23, 1862. 
Lieut. Col. S. E. Smith, 

Commanding Fifth PennsylvoMia Cavalry: 
Colonel: The commanding general desires nie to say to you that 
the rumors of the approach of the enemy from Kichmond are corrob- 
orated in such a manner as entitles them to credit. The general there- 
fore desires that you will keep your command in a constant state of 
readiness and by unremitted vigilance prevent a surin-ite. 
Yery respectfully, your obedient servant, 

C. C. SUYDAM, 
[18.J Lieutenant- Colonel and Assista7it Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Sej)tember 24, 1362—2.30 p. m. 
Major-General Franklin: 

General: The commanding general directs me to say that in future 
General Meade will watch the river as high as IMercerville, and that 
you, with your corps and Couch's division, will watch it from that 
point to Williamsport. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

II. B. MAECY, 
[lO.J Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 21, 1862—10 a. m. 
General A. Pleasonton, 

Commanding Cavalry Division : 
General : The commanding general directs that you send out small 
reconnoitering parties across the river in the direction of Charlestown 
and Martinsburg, in order if possible to ascertain where the enemy is 
in force. The officers commanding should be instructed to advance 
very carefully, throwing forward scouts so as to keep their main forces 
advised of any appearance of the enemy. Let one party cross near the 
mill below Shepherdstown, and notify General Porter when this party 
is to cross the river. I suggest that a squadron be detailed for this 
duty and that two or three small parties from it be sent across first, to 
feel the way. 

Yery respectfully, K. B. MAECY, 

[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Defenses of Washington, 

No. 15. j September 21, 1862. 

i. In compliance with instructions from the headquarters of the 
army, the intantry and artillery of Milroy's brigade are detached from 
the Eleventh Corps, and will at once be put in readiness to proceed by 
railway to Western Virginia. Brigadier-General Milroy will report in 
person to the General-in-Chief for further orders. 
By command of Major-General Banks: 

EICHD. B. IRWIN, 
Captain, Aide-de-Camp, and Acting Assistayit Adjutant- General. 
[19.] 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 863 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac, 

No. 263. ) Camp near Sharpshurg^ September 26, 1862. 

* » # * # * * 

2. Couch's division, Keyes' corps, is assigned to duty for the present 
witb Franklin's corps, and will be reported accordingly. 

* * * * # # * 

By command of MajorGeneral McClellan : 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 2(>, 1802 — 11 a. m. 
General H. W. Halleck, 

Oeneral-m- Chief: 

A cavalry reconnaissance made yesterday in the direction of Mar- 
tinsburg from Shepherdstown fonnd the enemy iu force encamped about 
two miles out from Shepherdstown. One lieutenant-colonel. Thirty-fifth 
Virginia Volunteers, was captured, and I lieutenant. Fifth Virginia 
Cavalry,, also. I go to Harper's Ferry this morning to look into the 
condition of things there. 

GEO. B. mcclella;n^, 

[19.] Major-Oeneral. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 2(>, lti62— 10.30 p. m. 
Brevet Major General Sumner, 

U. S. Army, Harper's Ferry, Ya. : 
The commanding general has just returned from a visit to Maryland 
Heights. He directs me to say to you that he regrets that his time 
did not permit him to visit Harper's Ferry. He has determined to 
fortify Maryland Heights and wishes you to furnish such assistance to 
the engineer officer who will have charge of tliis work as maybe neces- 
sary. He has requested the General-in-Chief to send contrabands to 
Harper's Ferry to perform the labor required, if there are any disposa- 
ble in Washington. There is nothing new to-day, except that it is 
believed that the enemy is extending his line of pickets up the Potomac 
above Williamsport. 

K. B. MAECY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 
Near Sharpsburg, Md., September 20, 1862. 

Brig. Gen. Seth Williams, 

Asst. Adjt. Gen., Headquarters Army of the Potomac: 
General: I have the honor to present for tlie information of the 
major-general commanding reports from several subordinate command- 
ers of some of the operations of portions of this corps before Richmond 
during the actions of the 2Gth, 27th, 28th, 29th, 30th of June and 
July 1, 1862. I have not received the reports of Major-General Morell 
nor those of Brigadier-Generals Martindale and Butterfield. The pro- 
longed absence (presumed on account of sickness) of the former and the 



864 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXni. 

late illness and abseuce of the latter has prevented the completion of 
more detailed reports. 1 present them now, lest by retaining them 
longer I may delay justice to ofiQcers and commands, who, perhaps, have 
suffered from the non-presentation of these documents. My preliminary 
reports presented on the 8th and 9th of July* were to be followed by 
more detailed reports, but continued and almost uninterrupted activity 
since the receipt of the accompanying papers have precluded the possi- 
bility of preparing them. From time to time I have, as the merits of 
the officers and their services became known, presented their names for 
reward and promotion. I now renew my recommendations and respect- 
fully beg to refer to the commendations of the respective brigade and 
division commanders as the grounds generallyonwhich my applications 
were made. I was generally personally cognizant of the gallant and 
efficient services of the higher officers and of the staff officers recom- 
mended by me. I beg here to present to the consideration of the com- 
manding general the services of Brig. Gen. Daniel Butterfiehl, conspicu- 
ous for gallantry and good conduct and efficiency at Hanover Court- 
House, Malvern, Gaines' Mill, and lately as division commander at 
Manassas, and ask for him a higher command than that lately exercised 
by him. I consider him one of the most efficient and deserving officers 
in the service and one who always equals and generally excels all expec- 
tations. I also present the name of Col. Charles W. Eoberts, Second 
Maine Volunteers, for promotion to brigadier-generalcy for gallantry 
and meritorious services at Hanover Court-House, Gaines' Mill, and at 
Manassas. I thhik the service will be much benefited, and shall be 
pleased to have him command the brigade to which he is now attached. 
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

F. J. PORTKE, 
[11.] Major- General, Commanding. 



HeadqijAktees Fifth Akmt Corps, 

ISexytcmber 30, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. Seth Williams, 

Asst. Adjt. Oen., Headquarters Army of the Potomac: 
General: In my recommendations for promotions by brevet, pre- 
sented in July last, I unintentionally omitted the name of Col. Henry 
S. Lansing, Seventeenth New York Yolunteeis and captain Twelfth 
TJ. S. Infantry, for gallant and meritorious conduct at the battle of 
Hanover Court-House, May 27, 1862. lie was conspicuous there in 
handling his regiment, which, with others, drove the enemy from their 
ground and captured one field piece and many prisoners. I omitted 
also to present the name of Col. E. G. Marshall, Thirteenth New York 
and captain Sixth Infantry, for gallant and good conduct at Hanover 
Court-House and Gaines' Mill. I wish now to correct these omissions. 
I desire also to present Brig. Gen. Daniel Butterfield, Twelfth Infantry; 
Brig. Gen. George Sykes, infantry; Lieutenant-Colonel Bnchanan, 
infantry; Lieutenant-Colonel Chapman, infantry; Col. Gouverneur K. 
Warren, Fifth New York and cai)tain Topographical Engineers; Major 
Lovell, Tenth Infantry; Capt. J. D. O'Connell. Fourteenth Infantry; 
Capt. J. D. Wilkins, Third Infantry; Capt. E. G. Marshall, Sixth 
Infantry; Capt. .1. B. Collins, Fourth Infantry; Capt. H. Dryer, Fourth 
Infantry; Capt. D. B. McKibbin, Fourteenth Infantry, as having 
earned brevets, in addition to those for which heretofore recommended, 

* See Vol. XI, Part II, pp. 221-231. 



Chap. LXin.j CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 865 

for conspicuously gallaut and meritorious conduct in the battle of 
Manassas, August 30, 1862. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

i^ .1. POETEll, 

[11. J Major- General, (Jommaniliiuj. 



Headquarteks Army of the Potomac, 

September ,'>n, 1861'— 10.30 p. m. 
Brig. Gen. George Stoneman, 

PoolesrUle: 
The commanding general directs that you communicate by telegraph 
every day with these headquarters, and also with General Sumiier, 
commanding at Harper's Ferry, giving such information as you may 
obtain from time to time regarding the position and movements of the 
enemy. Please communicate also to these headquarters any changes 
that may be made in the position of the troops under your command. 
It is believed that the mass of the rebel army is concentrated between 
William sport and Martinsburg at the present time. 

R. B. MAECY, 
[19.] Chief of ataf. 



Heabqttaeters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, September i'0, 18C>2. 

Brig. Gen. B. F. Kelley, 

Cumberland, Md. : 
General: Major-General McCiellan while operating on the Upper 
Potomac has been directed to use any troops in his vicinity without 
regard to department lines. You will communicate with General 
McOlellau and obey such orders as he may give you. 

JOHN E. WOOL, 
[10.1 Major-General. 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters Ninth Army Corps, 

No. 0. J Moitth of Antietam Creek, Md., September :>(i, 1863. 




commanding; fourth, First Division, General Willcox commanding. 
Simmonds' battery, of the Kanawha Division, and one brigade of Gen- 
eral Willcox's command to support it, will remain on the west side of 
Antietam Creek in position to be assigned by liieutenant-Colonel Getty, 
chief of artillery. The march will commence at 11 o'clock this a. m., 
and will | be) on road toward Harper's Fcury. Position of new camp will 
be designated by staff offlcers. The wagons, &c., will follow in rear of 
the whole command in the order of the divisions to which they belong. 
At the hour assigned the march will be commenced by General Sturgis' 
command, and the rest Avill follow on without further orders. 

Bv order of Brig. Gen. J. D. Cox, commanding: 
■^ G. M. BASOOM, 

Mg 1 Captain and Assistant Adjutant- General. 

55 B R— VOL LI, PT I 



866 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. "W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXin. 

Headquakters Akmy of the Potomac, 

Sharpsbicrg, September 27, 1862. 
His Excellency Governor A. G. Curtin : 

Governor: I beg to avail myself of almost the first moment of 
leisure I have had since the recent battles, to tender to you my thanks 
for your wise and energetic action in calling out the militia of Penn- 
sylvania for its defense when threatened by a numerous and victorious 
army of the enemy. Fortunately circumstances rendered it impossible 
for the enemy to set foot upon the soil of Pennsylvania, but the moral 
support rendered to my army by your action was none the less weighty. 
In the name of my army and for myself I again tender to you our 
acknowledgments for your patriotic course. The manner in which the 
people of Pennsylvania responded to your call and hastened to the 
defense of their frontier no doubt exercised a great influence upon the 
enemy. 

I am, very respectfully and sincerely, yours, 

[19.] GEO. B. McCLELLAN. 

Headquarters Caldwell's Brigade, 

September 27, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. W. S. Hancock, 

Commanding Division : 
General : I beg leave to reiterate the commendations bestowed npon 
the commanding officers of my regiments for good conduct in the recent 
battles. Colonel Barlow in particular cannot be praised too higldy. 
Almost equal 'praise is due Lieutenant-Colonel Miles, of the Sixty-tirst 
New York Volunteers; Colonel Cross, of the Fifth New Hampshire 
Volunteers, and Major McKeen, of the Eighty-first Pennsylvania Volun- 
teers, who behaved with the greatest gallantry. Captain Brestel, com- 
manding the Seventh New York Volunteers, was cool and brave. 
Lieutenants Cross and Alvord, of my staff, are deserving of special 
mention for intrepidity and activity. For the names of company ofiicers 
who distinguished themselves I beg leave to refer to the reports of the 
commanders of regiments, which have been forwarded. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

JOHN C. CALDWELL, 
[19.] Brigadier-General, Commanding Brigade. 



Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

September 27, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. Seth Williams, 

Asst. Adjt. Gen., Headquarters Army of the Potomac : 
General: In compliance with circular of this date from yonr head- 
quarters, I have the honor to present the following names of officers 
whom I recommend to be promoted to be brigadier-generals: Col. 
Gouverneur K. Warren, Fifth New York, captain Topographical Engi- 
neers; Lieutenant-Colonel Buchanan, U. S. Infantry; Major Lovell, U. 
S. Infantry; Col. Charles W. Eoberts, Second Maine Volunteers; Col. 
James McQuade, Fourteenth New York. All vacancies in volunteer 
regiments have been filled or the recommendations gone to the Gov- 
ernors of the States. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

F. J. POKTER, 
[19.] Major- General, Commanding. 



cha1-. lxiil. correspondence, etc. union. 867 

Headquartebs Fifth Corps, 

September 27, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. Seth Williams, 

Assistant Adjutant- General, Army of the Potomac: 
General : The following officers were conspicuous for their bravery, 
coolness, gallantry, and efficiency at the battle of Manassas, and fully 
sustained the high reputation which they have earned on other battle- 
fields and the recommendations they have, justly deserved. As they 
Lave not received the promotion and rank their merits deserve, I 
respectfully present their names to the major-general commanding the 
Army of the Potomac, with the hope that his representations and the 
wants of the service may cause them to receive increased rank, and 
thus [be] thrown into commands of larger bodies of troops more appro- 
priate to their abilities: Brig. Gen. Daniel Butterfleld, commanding 
division; Brig. Gen. George Sykes, commanding division; Lieutenant- 
Colonel Buchanan, commanding brigade; Col. Gouverneur K. Warren, 
Fifth New York, commanding brigade. I also present Col. Charles W. 
Roberts, Second Maine, at times commanding brigade of Morell's divis- 
ion, and distinguished at Hanover Court-House and Manassas, as 
worthy of promotion to a brigadier-geueralcy, and one I would be 
pleased to have command the First Brigade, Morell's division. 
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

F. J. PORTBli, 
[lii.J Major- General, Commanding. 



IIeadquakters Army of the Potomac, 

September 27, 18G2—8.30 p. m. 
Major-Geueral Franklin : 

General : The commanding general directs you to assume command 
over the Fifty -fourth Eegiment Pennsylvania Volunteers (late of Miles' 
brigade), now stationed along theBaltimore and Ohio Railroad from Back 
Creek to South Branch of the Potomac. He further directs that the cav- 
alry force now on the Maryland side of the Potomac from Back Creek 
west be stationed from the point where the railroad crosses the Back 
Creek along the Jamesburg road southward between Third and North 
Mountain to where that road intersects the road running west to 
Bloomery, Springfield, and New Creek, as suggested by Colonel Camp- 
bell, commanding Fifty-fourth Pennsylvania Volunteers. The cavalry 
thus disposed will be placed under Colonel Campbell, who will receive 
instructions from you to retire on Hancock, with both his infantry and 
cavalry, should he be hard jjressed by the enemy. Colonel Campbell will 
report either direct to you, or to you through General Kenly, as you may 
prefer. You will give such other orders as you may consider necessary 
in the case. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. D. RUGGLES, 
Colonel, Aide-de-Camp, and Assistant Adjutant-General. 

119-J 

Washington, September 27, 1862. 
Major-General Halleck : 

Sir: On Thursday, September 18, I was authorized and directed by 
Special Orders, No. 24.8, to do whatever I might deem expedient to 
fncilitatft the transno rtation of troops and supplies to aid the armies 



868 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. IChai-. LXllI. 

iu tlie field in Virginia and Maryland. I immediately proceeded to 
Baltimore, where a conference was held with General Wool, Quarter- 
master Belger, President Garrett and Superintendent Smith, of the 
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. This conference resulted in changing 
the route for several reginients theu ordered to the front and iu the 
establishment of the following rule for luture operations: 

Rule.— AW troops and supplies sent from Baltimore and points south 
thereof to the army in Maryland shall be forwarded by the Balthnore 
and Ohio Eailroad, and all sent from points north of Baltimore by the 
York and Cumberland J^ailroad. 

1 was clearly of the opinion that it was exi)edieut iu general to 
operate the railroads used for military purposes by and through the 
regular officers and employes of said roads, using military authority 
only where necessary to render assistance to them in procuring rolling- 
stock or securing regularity in train movements. The efficiency of the 
management of "the officers of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, their 
readiness to give Government supplies the preference over all other 
transportation, and the capacity of the road, which is greater than any 
ordinary or even extraordinary demands that may be made u])ou it, 
left nothing more to be desired except the prompt return of cars from 
the advanced terminus; and having concluded all necessary arrange- 
ments, I proceeded the same night to Harrisburg, arriving in that city 
on Friday morning, September 19, at 3.30 a. m. The arrangement of 
sending supplies from Baltimore and points south thereof over the 
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, relieving the Northern Central of its 
transportation of Government supplies northward, left no question as 
to the ability of this road to meet any anticipated demamls upon it, 
and I therefore continued my Journey at 7.30 a. m. over the York and 
Cumberland Eailroad to Chambersburg, where, after many delays 
caused by passing trains, I arrived at 2.30 p. m. The amount of busi- 
ness on the York and Cumberland Railroad exceeded its capacity for 
prompt accommodation. About eighteen regiments of Pennsylvania 
militia had been sent forward and more were on the way, the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad Company furnishing cars and engines and assisting, as 
I understood, in the nuuiagement of the road. Under these circum- 
stances the only action at that point which I considered expedient 
was to order that all private sidings should be vacated, and that all 
cars belonging to individuals and all others not required for military 
purposes should be either run off the tracks or sent to other stations 
where the sidings were not required for the use of the Government. I 
found a very eflicient office)' in charge of the depot and station at 
Chambersburg, Mr. J. D. Potts, formerly assistant superintendent on 
the Western Division of the Pennsylvania Railroad, to whom I gave 
such instructions as appeared to be necessary. 

At Hagerstown the main track was blocked with cars. There was 
no adecjuate siding or wareliouse accommodation, no competent person 
ill charge, and much confusion existed. I found it necess.ary to assume 
military possession of the Trunk Line Railroad between Ciiambersburg 
and Hager.stown ; attended personally to the duty of raising the block- 
ade; cleared the track of some five or six trains that had accumulated 
at Hagerstown; ])laced Mr. Potts in charge as superintendent; directed 
him to procure a substitute iu the Cbambersburg office; left written 
Instructions as to the future management, and also wrote to General 
Kenly, the officer understood to be iu command at Hagerstown, inform- 
ing him of the existing arrangement for transportation, and giving the 
names of the officers in charge. On Saturday, September 20, 1 rode 
from Hagerstowu to Sharpsburg, where, after a half hour's interview 



(■iiAP. LXIII.] COERESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 869 

with General McClellan, I repaired to Boonsborough and returned via 
Frederick City to Baltimore. At Monocacy I found about 200 loaded 
cars on the sidings, some of which had been standing nearly a week, 
(-•eneral Wool, at my request, sent an efficient officer of his staff to 
insist upon the unloading and return of cars. On Monday, September 
22, I returned to Washington and made a verbal report ito you of my 
doings. On Tuesday, September 23, having received information that 
the Baltimore and Ohio Bailroad Company were embarrassed in their 
operation in consequence of the non-return of cars, I sent two of onr 
most experienced train dispatchers from the Camden and Amboy Bail- 
road over the Northern Central, Pennsylvania, and connecting roads 
to search for and return cars of Baltimore and Ohio Bailroad Company, 
and of the U. S. military railroads. The same evening I started for 
Baltimore and Harpci^'s Ferry to render sucli assistance as might be 
in ray power in opening communications witli that post. I arrived 
at Harper's Ferry abont noon on Wednesday, September 24, and 
remained until Thursday afternoon, September 25. The supply of 
material being insuflicient, and the force of mechanics for the railroad 
bridge very small, I telegraphed for the construction corpsof the Cam- 
den and Amboy Bailroad, which was promptly forwarded, together 
with about 150,000 feet of long, square timber, which we fortunately 
had on hand at Alexandria, and which could not elsewhere have been 
])rocured in time. 

About six days will complete the railroad trestle bridge and secure 
connection by rail with Harper's Ferry, but a much longer time will be 
required to replace the permanent structure. The trestle bridge will 
be in danger of destruction from freshets. The most certain reliance 
for the supplies in the event of such a contingency will be the pon- 
toon bridge which has been reconstructed. With proper management 
at Harper's Ferry and Sandy Hook, the supply question presents no 
difficulty, even in the case the trestle bridge should be swept away. 
The embarrassments, irregularities, and blockades on the U. S. mil- 
itary railroads, which are so frequent and so annoying, result from 
three causes which can be and should be aA'oided. These are: First. 
Sending sup])lies to the advanced terminus before they arc required. 
Such supplies are not unloaded. They block the track, impede retreat, 
and are in danger of capture or destruction. JSTothing should be sent 
to the extreme front until it is actually needed. A reasonable amount 
can be kept on some siding a few miles in the rear. Second. A second 
difficulty arises from the fact that cars are not jiromptly uidoaded and 
returned. Sometimes only a single car will be unloaded at a time, 
when there should be force suflicient to discharge the contents of a 
whole train. Cars arc often kept for weeks as storehouses. Third. A 
third difficulty arises from the practice of detaining trains beyond 
schedule time. Nothing more certainly throws the business of a line 
into confusion, especially if there be but a single track. Medical direct- 
ors and officers should conform to the schedule time of trains, or if 
extras are required for sick, wounded, or foi- supplies, they should 
always be furnished when practicable, but wlieu the hour fixed for 
starting has arrived the trains should be promptly dispatched. It has 
been the practice on most roads used for military purposes, under the 
influence of a pressure of business and the im])atience of military offi- 
cers, to abandon the schedule and resort to the use of the telegraph 
exclusively for running trains. This practice invariably leads to diffi- 
culty and in case of any derangement to the delicate mechanism of the 
telegraph, puts an end to all business and blocks every wheel upon 
the road. I believe tliat it is always ])ossible, with good management, 



870 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXTII. 

to run the trains by schedule, and the telegraph, although valuable as 
ail auxiliary, should not be used as a principal. It is desirable that 
uniformity should be introduced in the management of all railroads 
used for military purposes. 
Very respectfully submitted. 

n. HAUPT, 
Brigadier-General, Chief of Construction and 
[19.] Transportation, U. 8. Military Railroads. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Defenses of Washington, 

'So. 18, ] September 27, 1863. 

******* 
9. All the cavalry south of the Potomac is placed under the orders of 
Brig. Gen. George D. Eayard, and will at once report accordingly, 
(ieneral Bayard will organize the cavalry into brigades and will take 
immediate measures to bring it as rapidly as possible into a state of 
efficiency. He will assign to the diftereiit corps and independent com- 
mauders south of the Potomac such force for orderly service as General 
Heintzelmau may deem necessary for that purpose. 

******* 

By command of Mai or- General Banks: 

PtlCHD. B. IRWIN^, 

Captain, Aide- de- Camp, and Acting Assistant Adjutant-General. 

[19.] 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

September 2S, 1862 — 6' p. m. 
General A. Pleasonton, 

Commanding Cavalry : 

General : xieports from several different sources, received at these 
headquarters during yesterday and to-day, induce the belief that the 
main rebel army is moving from the vicinity of IVIartiusburg toward 
Winchester. To gain more positive information uiion this subject, the 
commanding general directs that you at daylight to-morrow morning 
take a force of about 1,500 cavalry and two batteries of horse artillery 
and, crossing at the ford in front of General Porter's position, proceed 
in the direction of Martinsburg as far as practicable without incurring 
great risk to your command. Should you meet with no force of the 
enemy snfiicient to stop you this side of Martinsburg, and you And that 
the rebels have retreated, you will follow them until you come up with 
their rear, doing them all tlie damage in your xjower, by capturing 
stragglers, trains, artillery, &c. Please inform General Porter when 
you cross the Potomac, so that he may have his artillery ])laced in posi- 
tion and ready to cover your crossing if it should be necessary. 

E. B. MARGV, 

[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Special Orders, i Headquarters Ninth Armt Corps, 

No. 8. ) Motith ofAntietam Creek, Md., September 5S', 1862. 

The following officers and enlisted men of this command have been 
honorably mentioned in the official reports of the engagement on the 
17th instant, and tlieir names are hereby jmblished as a testimony to 



CiiAp.LXm.] COERESPOKDENCE, ETC. UNION. 871 

their gallant and meritorious conduct in the field and for efficiency in 
their departments : First Division— Gapt. Robert A. Hutchins, assist- 
ant adjutant-general; Lieutenants Braekett, James W. Romeyn, and 
Dearborn, aides-de-cani]) on General Willcox's personal staff"; Cols. B. C. 
Christ and Thomas Welsh, for the able manner in which they handled 
their brigades; Capt. William T. Lusk, acting assistant adjutant-gen- 
eral, of Colonel Christ's brigade; Lieut. Samuel N. Benjamin, com- 
manding Battery E, Second Tj. S. Artillery; Lieut. John N. Coffin and 
Sergts. William Davis and Newall B. Allen, of the Eighth Massachu- 
setts Battery. Second Division— Capt. H. R. Mighels, assistant adju- 
tant general; Capt. C. H. Hale, aide, and Capt. W. C, liawolle, aide-de- 
camp and ordnance officer, all of General Sturgis' staff', for personal 
gallantry. Also Capt. N. Plato, assistant quartermaster; Capt. F. E. 
Berier, commissary of subsistence, and Brigade Surg. A. T. Watson, of 
General Sturgis' staff", for efficiency in their departments; Captain 
Clark, Batteiy E, Fourth Artillery; Lieutenant Hinkle, aide-decamp 
to (Jeneral Nagle, for activity and gallantry; Surgeon Tteber, for devo- 
tion to his duty; Orderly Sergt. C. F. Merkle, Company E, Fourth 
Artillery, for gallant conduct and able handling of the battery after 
all the commissioned officers were disabled. Third Division — Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Kimball, commanding Ninth New York Volunteers; Major 
Jardine, commanding Eighty ninth New York Volunteers, and Major 
liiugold. One hundred and third New York Volunteers, for gallant con- 
duct and able management of their commands, Kanawha Division — 
Lieuts. E, P. Kennedy, acting assistant adjutant- general, and J, L, 
Botsford, acting aidede-cami>, of Colonel Scamnion's staff", for coolness 
and efficiency; Cols, George Crook, commanding Second Brigade, and 
Hugh Ewing, commanding First Brigade, for energy and skillful brav- 
ery; Lieutenants Furbay and Duffield, Thirtieth Regiment Ohio Vol- 
unteer Infantry, acting as aides to Colonel Ewing, and who were both 
killed; Lieut. Col. A, H. Coleman, commanding Eleventh Regiment 
Ohio Volunteer Infantry, killed while gallantly leading his men; Lieut. 
Col. J. D. Hines, Twelfth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry; Color- 
Sergeants White and Carter, [Thirtieth Oliio Volunteers,] who were 
both killed, and Corjwrals Howerth, Company 1), and Buchanan, of 
Comi)any C, of the same regiment, for rescuing their regimental colors 
when the color-sergeants were shot. The general commanding takes 
this opportunity to mention the gallant and meritorious conduct of 
Capt. G. M. Bascom, assistant adjutant- general; Lieuts. S. L. Christie, 
J. W. Conine, and Theodore Cox, aides-de-camp on his personal staff; 
Brigade Snrg. W. W. Holmes, for his thorough attention to the duties 
of the medical department, in the xjrompt organization of hospitals and 
systematic provision for the wounded; Surgeon Cutter, late medical 
director on General Reno's staff, for energetic attention during the 
acjtion to the disposal of the wounded in the lield ; also to thank Capt. 
E. P. Fitch, assistant quartermaster and acting commissary of subsist- 
ence, for unwearied labor, by night as well as by day, in bringing for- 
ward supplies to the command under circumstances of great difficulty; 
also to thank Mr. F. Cuthbert, a civilian and em ploy 6 in the quarter- 
master's department, for gallantry displayed in carrying dispatches and 
orders upon the field. The ability and gallantry displayed by the divis- 
ion commanders has already been noticed in the official report of the 
engagement.* 

J, D. COX, 
[19.] Brigadier-General, Commanding. 

' See Vol. XIX, Part I, p. 423. 



872 MD., E. K. C, PA., VA , EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chat. Lxm. 

Headquakters Army of the Potomac, 

September S!J, 1862—10 a. m. 
Geueral AV. B. Franklin, 

Commanding tiixth Army Corpn: 
CiBNERAL: lu reply to your com muni cation of yesterday, tlie com- 
iiiandiiig jjeneral directs uie to say tliat the recent supijosed movement 
(if the enemy iu the direction of Winchester may cause a change in 
the ])ositi()us of the different corps of this army, Avhicli he will prob- 
ably be able to determine in a short time. He iirefers that yon should 
remain in your present positiou until he determines this question. 
Very respectfully, 

!{.. B. MABCY, 
[19. J Chief of tStaff. 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters Ninth Army Corps, 

^"o. 48. ( Moulh of Antietam, Md., ISeiHemher 39, 1602. 

1. The general commanding announces to the Eleventh Begiment 
Connecticut Volunteers the death of their late commander, Col. II. W. 
Iviugsbury. By this sad calamity the army mourns one of the most 
accomplished of those young officers who in a few months have become 
veterans in their country's service. After serving with distinction 
through the campaign in the Peninsula (_!olonel Kingsbury was pro- 
moted to his late command, and in that oflice, ofteu occupying posi- 
tions of great responsibility, he invariably proved himself equal to the 
occasion, displaying always a gallantry and skill that gave high ])rom- 
ise for his future. He re(!eivcd his death wound while bravely leailing 
his men at the battle of Antietam. As a near friend of Colonel Kings- 
bury, the commanding general wishes to add his testimony to his pii- 
vate worth, to the purity of his character, and to his possession of those 
high qualities of mind and heart that form the sterling man as well as 
the finished soldier. 

By command of Major-Ceneral Buruside: 

LEWIS BICHMOND, 

[19. J Afssixtant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Camp near Hharpshurf], Mel., September 30, 1802. 
Brig. Gen. John F. Beynold.s, 

Commanding First Corps: 

General: I am directed by the commanding general to acknowl- 
ed;^(' to you the receipt of (ieneral Meade's letter of the 23d instant,* 
inc'losing a comparative statement of the strengtli of the First Corps 
on the. ISth and on the -'2d of tSeptember, exhibiting the iHcrease within 
four days. From this statement it a])pears that Uoubleday's division 
gained within these four days 30 ofticers and l,2o3 men, Ricketts' 
division 192 oflicers and 4,973 men, and Seymour's, now Meade's, divis- 
ion, 70 oflicers and 2,3r)7 men. To this sljameful condition of things 
(ieneral Meade iilludes in ai)]iro))riate terms, and suggests as the only 
remedy a measure which, terrible as it may seem, is fully in ac(;crdan('e 
with tiie usages of war, and is entirely within the i)ower of command- 

* See Vol. Xl\, ]'art H, \>. 348. 



CHAP.Lxm.j CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 873 

ing ofBcers to execute in the exercise of a wise discretion. Yet it is far 
wiser to apply preventive measures, as far as tbeir application will be 
serviceable, thau to depend only upon the last but necessary resort 
above indicated. The careful and diligent apjilication of every means 
thHt armies have found useful in promoting discipline is lirst pointed 
out as a necessary step toward the prevention of the evil under view. 
Here reliance must be placed upon the intelligence, industry, zeal, and 
perseverance of commanding officers. The general desires yon to 
stimulate every commanding officer in your corps to the renewing of 
his efforts toward the promotion of the discipline of his command. 
Increase the number of daily drills, multiply the inspections, insist 
upon the scrupulous observance of the Regulations in all the minor 
details, and it is believed that before long habits of obedience and 
discipline will have interfered to have cured in a large measure the 
great mischiif under contemplation. The general awaits the receipt ot 
the returns and explanations from the division commanders required by 
you with much interest. He hojics particularly that the disproportion 
observable in the increase in Iticketts' division will have been made the 
subject of special investigation. Upon the receipt of these, the general 
commanding will direct such further and immediate steps to be taken 
to bring delinquent officers and soldiers to public and merited disgrace 
as may seem to him best suited to the purpose in view. 
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. B. MAKCY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquautebs Aemy op the Potomac, 

ISeptemher 20^ 1862 — 'J a. m. 
General A. Pleasonton, 

Commanding Cavalry Division : 
General: The commanding general wishes you to send a commaiid 
over to Shepherdstown and make an eflbrt to parole the remainder of 
the rebel soldiers there to-day. If you have a force sufficient, he would 
like to have you continue the reconnaissance of yesterday toward Mar- 
tinsburg, and if the rebels have but one regiment of cavalry and two 
])ieces of artillery remaining it would not retjuire a very large force. 
This is, however, left to your own judgment. Should your force be 
insufficient to-day, you may be better prepared lo-morrow. 

R. B. MAROY, 
[I'J.l Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 1, 1862—9 a. m. 

(general George Stoneman, 

I'oolcsinlle, Md. : 

General Sumner sends this morning to Leesburg a brigade of infan- 
try, a battery of artillery, and cavalry for the purpose of attacking the 
rebel forces at tliat place. These ti'oops leave Harper's Ferry this 
morning. If you can co-operate in this movement with your own 
troops, or by giving the officer in command imijortaut information, the 
commanding general wishes you to do so. 

li. B. aiAROY, 

[I'J.J Chief of Stuff: 



874 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Cuap. LXm. 

General Orders, ) Headquarters Ninth Armt Corps, 

No. 2. ) 3Iouth of Antietam Creek, Md., October 1, 1862. 

Brig. Gen. George Crook, late colonel Thirty-sixth Eegiment Ohio 
Volunteers, and commandant of Second Brigade, Kanawha Division, 
having received his appointment as brigadier-general of volunteers, to 
rank from 7th of September, ultimo, will assume command of the Kana- 
wha Division as ranking officer present, and will be obeyed and respected 
accordingly. 

Bj-^ command of Brig. Gen. J. D. Cox : 

G. M. BASCOM, 

[19.] Captain and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Camp near Marpsburg, Md., October 4, 1862, 

His Excellency the Governor of the State of Maine : 

In view of the reduced and shattered condition of the Seventh Eegi- 
ment of Maine Volunteers, the result of arduous service and exjiosure 
during the campaigns on the Peninsula and in Maryland, I made, on the 
2d instant, a special application to the War Department that the regi- 
ment should be sent to report to you in Maine, that it might be recruited 
and reorganized under your personal supervision. I yesterday received 
the necessary authority, and, as you will observe by the copy of Special 
Orders, No. 271, from these headquarters, inclosed herein,* I send the 
regiment to you for the purpose indicated, and I beg that when this pur- 
pose shall have been accomplished that the regiment may be ordered to 
report to me with all practicable dispatch. In returning this gallant 
remnant of a noble body of men, whose bravery has been exhibited on 
every field, almost, in the campaigns cited, to the State whose pride it 
is to have sent them forth, I feel happy that it has been in my power to 
signify, even in this iiisufdcient manner, my appreciation of their serv- 
ices and of their value to this army. And I will venture on the latter 
account to ask Your Excellency's best endeavors to fill at once their 
diminished ranks, that I may soon again see their standard in the Army 
of the Potomac. 

GEO. B. McCLELLAN, 
[19.] Major-General, U. 8. Army. 

Special Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 

No. 21. ] Camp near Sharpsburg, October 1, 1862. 

1. Brig. Gen. Nelson Taylor is assigned temporarily to the command 
of the Third Brigade (Hartsuft's) of the Second Division. He will 
report to Brigadier-General liicketts. 

By order of Brigadier-General Reynolds: 

CHAS. B. LAMBOEN, 

[19.] Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqbs. Twelfth (Banks') Army Corps, 

No. 59. ) Near Sandy Boole, Md., October 4, 1862. 

# * ■* * * » » 

HI. The following regiments, recently assigned to this corps, are 
temporarily organized into a brigade, to be liuown as the Second 

'Seo Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 381. 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 875 

Brigade, First Division, Twelfth Army Corps: IVentieth Connecticut 
Volunteers, One hundred and twenty-third New York Volunteers, One 
liundred and twenty- seventh New York Volunteers, One hundred and 
thirty-seventh New York Volunteers, One hundred and thirty-eighth 
New York Volunteers, One hundred and fortieth New York Volun- 
teers, One hundred and forty-tifth New York Volunteers, One hundred 
and forty-ninth New Y'ork Volunteers. Col. George L. Andrews, 
Second Massachusetts Volunteers, is assigned to duty as commander 
ol' said brigade. He will encamp the brigade until further orders in 
Pleasant Valley, east side of Maryland Heights. At least four hours' 
drill each day (either squad, company, or battalion) will be required, 
and such schools of theoretical instruction for officers and non-com- 
missioned officers as the commander of the brigade may order. Col. 
O. L. Andrews will report in person at these headquarters for further 
directions. 

By command of Brig. Gen. A. S. Williams, commanding corps: 

S. E. PITTMAN, 
[10.] Lieutenant and Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquabters Fifth Corps, 
Near Sharpsburg, Md., Octoher 5, 1802 — 8 p. m. 

Brig. Gen. E. B. Marcy, 

Chief of Staff, Headquarters Army of the Potomac: 

General: It is reported to me that the enemy has planted two guns 
on the opposite bank of the Potomac within range of our batteries, and 
so posted as to sweep the ford. Also that their infantry has occupied 
the woods beyond the ford. To-morrow morning I shall take steps to 
obtain full information in the matter. Meanwhile every precaution 
will be observed to prevent any possibility of surprise. I have no 
doubt but that the movement is made with the design of preventing 
our cavalry from crossing the ford, as it has been in the habit of doing. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

F. J. POKTEE, 

[19.] Major- General, Commanding. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Octoher 5, 18G2. 
Brigadier-General Kelley, Clarlisbtirg, Ya.: 

General Averell has been informed of the contents of your dispatch 
of this morning,* by a telegram sent via Hagerstown. For fear this 
shoukl not reach him, yon had better send two or three special messen- 
gers by different routes, to make sure of his co-operation in the capture 
of Imboden. Please acknowledge receipt. 

E. B. MAECY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 

Headqttarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 5, 1802. 
Col. A. T. McEeynolds, Green Spring : 

Colonel Averell was ordered last night to proceed from Williamsport 
to the vicinity of the Big Cacapon to operate agains t the rebel forces. 

* See Vol. XIX, Piirt 11, p. 385. 



876 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. (f;nAP. LXIII. 

I Lave telegraphed to him via Hagcrstowii to move rapidly up to join 
you in the pursuit, but, as he may not receive my dispatch,* you Avill 
please send messeugers out on the different roads to communicate with 
him as rapidly as possible, iu forming him of everything you know in 
relation to the enemy's movements and the movements of your own 
troops. 

E. B. MARCY, 
[19.1 Chief of Staff. 



Spkcial Ordees, ) Hdqks. Twelfth (Banks') Army Corps, 

No. CO. ) Nea7- Sandy Hoolc, Md., October G, 1862. 

I. Paragraph III of Special Orders, No. 59, is hereby revoked.! 

II. The following-named regiments, recently assigned to this corps, 
will constitute a new brigade, to be known as the Fourth Brigade, 
First Division: One hundred and twenty seventli New York Volun- 
teers, One hundred and thirty-seventh New York Volunteers, One 
hundred and thirty-eighth New York Volunteers, One hundred and 
forty-ninth New York Volunteers. Col. George L. Andrews, Second 
Massachusetts Volunteers, is assigned to the command of this brigade. 

By command of Brig. Gen. A. S. Williams, commanding corps: 

S. E. PITTMAN, 
[10.] Lieutenant and Acting Assistant A djtitant- General. 



Special Orders, ^ Hdqrs. Seventh Army Corps, 

,' Department op Virginia, 

No. 122, ) Fort Monroe, T7(., October 6, ISC,;^. 

I. Brig. Gen. F. B. Spinola, volunteer service, Avitli the One hundred 
and thirty-second New York Volunteers, Col. P. J. Claassen command- 
ing, will proceed to Suffolk, Va., reporting for duty to Major-Geueral 
Peck, commanding at Suffolk. 
By command of Major-General Dix : 

D. T. VAN BUREN, 
[18.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army or the Potomac, 

October 7, 1862. 
General H. W. Halleck. 

General-in-Chief: 
Your dispatch of to-day received.! Cox's division has been ordered 
to march at once for Clarksburg. Lieutenant Mc Alester has also been 
ordered to re])ort to General Wright. The instructions regaraing lists 
of oflicers, &c., for the Governor of New York, will be carried ont as 
soon as possible. My cipher dispatch of this morning will explain to 
you my views regarding the new movement. I should be glad to learn 
from you as nearly as i)racticable the proportion of new and old troops. 
I am to receive. 1 shall move my headquarters to-mori'ow to the vicinity 
of Knoxville. 

GEO. B. MoCLELLAN, 
[19 j Major-General. 

* Seo 12.50 p. iji., Vol. XIX, P;irt II, p, 385. 

t See ]). S74. 

t See Vol. XIX, Part II, p. .393. 



chap. lxixi.] correspondence, etc. — union. 877 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 7, 18G2 — 1.15 i>. m. 
Commanding Officer Cox's Division: 

Sii! : The coramauding general directs you to march your command 
at once, provided witb five days' rations, to Cnmberland, Md. Upon 
your arrival there you will find railroad transportation to Clarksburg, 
Va., ])rovided by General Ingalls, chief (juartermaster at these head- 
([uarters. Your wagons will be sent back from Cumberland and ordered 
to report to General Ingalls. Please report the hour of your departure 
from your present camp, 

1 am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

K. B. MARCY, 

[lU.J Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 7, 1862 — 8.30 2>- '». 
Brig. Gen. George Crook, 

Commanding Cox's Din'tKion: 
General : The Little Oacapou bridge, on the Baltimore and Ohio 
Railroad, will be finished to night. This will probably enable you to 
take the cars at Hancock instead of Cumberland with your command. 
Should this not be possible, you will be so informed on your arrival at 
Hancock. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

R. B. MARCY, 
[19.j CJdef of Staff: 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 

No. 24. ] Camp near Sharpabnrg, October 8, 1862. 

II. The following new regiments now en route for this corps are 
assigned as follows: First Division (Gibbon's brigade), Twenty-fourth 
Michigan Volunteers. Second Division, One hundred and thirty-sixth 
Pennsylvania Volunteers. Third Division, Onehundred and twenty-first 
and One hundred and forty-second Pennsylvania Volunteers. 

By command of Brigadier-General Reynolds: 

C. B. LAMBORN, 

[It). I Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

October lU, 1862—10 p. m. (Received 10.55 p. m.) 

Major-Geueral Halleck, 

General-in-Chief Washington: 
Every disposition has been made to cut off' tlie retreat of the enemy's 
cavalry that to-day made the raid into Maryland and Pennsylvania. 

GEO. B. McCLELLAN, 
[ID.J ilajor-General, Commanding. 



878 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. IChap. LXIII. 

Heabquakters Akmy of the Potomac, 

October 10, 1862—10 p. m. 
Note. — The following orders have just been issued through Geueral 
Buford, chief of cavalry: 

I. All of Pleasonton's disposable cavalry to move to Hagerstown to 
follow up rebels. 

II. Sixth Cavalry to move to Middletown, and watch all roads in 
direction of Chambersburg. 

III. Party of Sixth Cavalry to be stationed in front of Burkittsville, 
to watch approaches to that place. 

IV. Rush's Lancers to watch in vicinity of Frederick, where they 
now are. 

V. Davis to watch in front of Hagerstown, where he now is. 

VI. All other available cavalry not required to watch the river and 
points south to be sent out. 

GEO. D. KUGGLES, 
[19.J Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Hageestown, October 10, 1862—5 p. m. 

(lleceived 8 p. ra. 
General Devens, 

Commanding Division : 

General: March at once one brigade and one battery of your com- 
mand, via Williamsport, to the point wliere the rebel cavalry crossed 
the river this morning to endeavor to intercept its retreat. Be very 
watchful with the other brigades, lieport everything of interest that 
occurs via Williamsport. 

W. B. FIIANKLIN, 
Major-General, Commanding iSixtJi Corps. 

Get guides from General Kenly. 

110.1 W. B. F, 



Special Okdees, ) Hdqrs. Defenses of Washington, 

No. 30. ( October 10, 1862. 

1. That portion of Stoneman's division now serving under the com- 
mand of Brigadier General Birney will without delay be put in march 
to join the remainder of the division at Poolesville. Upon the arrival 
of Birney's command General Stoneman will detach the Thirty-ninth 
Massachusetts and Tenth Vermont Volunteers for duty under the orders 
of the senior colonel in guarding the line of the Upper Potomac, for 
which he is now responsible, and will then report his division to Major- 
General McClellan for further orders. At the same time General 
Stoneman will detach Battery D, First Pennsylvania Artillery, and 
order it to rejoin Couch's division at Dowusville, Washington County, 
Md. 

2. Whipple's division will with as little delay as practicable proceed 
by railway to Kuoxville, Md.; on arriving at which place Brigadier- 
General Whipi)le will report in person to Major-General McClellan for 
further orders. The quartermaster's department will furnish the neces- 
sary transportation. 



Chap. LXni.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 879 

5. The One hundred and thirty-sixth, One hundred and flfty-fourth. 
One liundred and fifty-seventh, and One hundred and sixty-third liegi- 
meuts of New York Volunteers are assigned to Sigel's corps, ^^'hich 
they will join with as little delay as practicable at Fairfax Court- House. 

6. Brig. (len. Eobert Cowdiu will report to Major-General Heintzel- 
man, commanding Defenses south of the Potomac, for assignment to the 
command of the First Brigade, Second Division, Third Corps. 

7. Brig. Gen, J. B. Carr, on being relieved by Brigadier-General 
Cowdin, will assume command temporarily of the Third Brigade, Second 
Division, Third Corps. 

8. Brig. Gen. Ouvier Grover is assigned to the command of the Inde- 
pendent Brigade on the Upper Potomac, now consisting of the Thirty- 
ninth Massachusetts and Tenth Vermont Volunteers, and will, when 
General Stoneuian shall have reported his division to headquarters 
Army of the Potomac, relieve that oflBcer in the duty of guarding the 
river. General Grover will at once report in person at these headquar- 
ters for further orders. 

11. The following-named regiments are detached from the command 
of Brigadier-General Casey, and will be at once organized as follows 
into two brigades, which will be commanded for the present by the 
senior colonels, constituting a division, to be commanded by Brig. Gen. 
J. J. Abercrombie : First Brigade — Twenty-third New Jersey Volun- 
unteers. Col. J. S. Cox; Twenty-fourth New Jersey Volunteers, Colonel 
Robertson ; Twenty-eighth New Jersey Volunteers, Colonel Wisewell. 
Second Brigade — Twenty-second Connecticut Volunteers, Colonel 
Burnham; Thirteenth New Hampshire Volunteers, Colonel Stevens; 
Eleventh Ehode Island Volunteers, Colonel Metcalf. General Aber- 
crombie will use every exertion to organize his division with the least 
practicable delay, and will report it to Major-General Heintzelman, 
commanding Defenses south of the Potomac. 

******* 

13. The One hundred and thirty-third New York Volunteers, Col. L. 
D. H. Currie, is substituted for the Thirteenth New Hampshire Volun- 
teers in the organization of Abercrombie's division, directed by para- 
graph 11 of this order. 
By command of Maior-General Banks: 

RICHD. B. IRWIN, 
Captain, Aide-deCamp, and Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 

[19.] 



Headqxtabteks Army of the Potomac, 

October 11. 1862—5 p. m. 
Brig. Gen. John F. Reynolds, 

Commanding First Corps: 
General: The commanding general desires, to prevent all possi- 
bility of the enemy crossing a force to this side of the river, to make a 
diversion in aid of the escape of their cavalry now here, that you exer- 
cise special vigilance in watching the fords and all other possible cross- 
ing places on the Potomac picketed by your command. He also desires 
you to exercise equal vigilance should this cavalry movement prove a 
feint of the enemy to draw our attention and thus enable him to cross 
his army again without serious opposition. Please take every step in 



880 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

youi" power, in view of these possibilities, however remote, to prevent 
the crossing of any force of the enemy to this side. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. D. KUGGLES, 
Colonel and Aide-de-Camp. Assistant Adjutant- General. 
[19.1 



Headquaeteks First Abmy Corps, 

October 11, 1862—11 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Doubleday, 

Coinmandiuf/ First Division : 
General: General Iteynolds directs that you should send a brigade 
of your troops out tonight and occupy that strip of woods on the 
Sharpsburg turnpike at the Dunkard Church, near the ceuter of the 
late battle-field. We have sent a lew cavalry out to picket that road 
toward Hagerstown, and they arc the only forces on the immediate 
approach to our rear in that direction. This force is desired to occupy 
the ])Osition indicated, that it may protect the batteries from an attack 
of cavalry in the event of an attempt to cross toward Mercerville. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

CUAB. B. LAMBORIs', 
Acting Assistant Adjutant-General. 

[Indorspmcnt.l 

Headquarters First Division, First Corps, 

October 11, 1862. 
Colonel Hofmann will proceed with his brigade and battery to comply 
with the within orders and directions. 
By command of Brigadier-General Doubleday: 

E. P. HALSTED, 
[19.] Captain and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 11, 1863— 2.45 p. m. 
Maj. Gen. W. B. Franklin, 

Haf/erstown : 

The commanding general approves your suggestion of sending two 
regiments and a section of artillery to Chambersburg, and you will 
accordingly do so. If it would in your judgment be advisable to send 
a force to Greencastle, you are authorized to do so, and to make other 
dispositions of your troops that you may think necessary from the 
information vou receive from time to time. 

K. B. MAliOY, 

[19-j Chief of Staf. 

Headquarter?, 
Williamsport, October 11, 1862. 
Lieut. Col. O, D. Greene, 

Assistant Adjutant-General, Sixth Army Corps: 
Sir : I have the honor to inform you that I hear from good sources 
that the enemy, after burning considerable public and otlier projierty 



Chap. LXIlI.i CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 881 

in Clijimbersburg, Pa., have gone in the direction of Wayuesboiough. 
In that case it is probable that they may seelc to cross the river through 
Boonsborough, as Waynesborough is but nine miles from there. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

JOHN R. KENLY, 
[10.] Brigadier-General, Oomniandinij at WllUamsport. 



rEEDERiOK, October 11, 1862— 7.30 p. m. 
Captain Cadwalader : 

Captain: You will proceed with your company (twenty-five men) 
toward Middleburg and scout tlie country on each side of that road, 
in tJie general vicinity of M|iddleburg]. Get any information you can 
of the rebels, their force and the direction in which they are moving. 
Communicate to General Pleasonton, at Mechanicstown, and to me at 
this place. The First Maine Cavalry will be scouting toward West- 
minster. 

Very truly, P. H. PUSH, 

flO.l Colonel. 



Headqttarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 11, 18(12—1 p. m. 
Cajit. W. P. Sanders, 

Commandiny Sixth Garairy: 
Sir : The commanding general directs that you move with your regi- 
ment, immediately on receipt of this, to Mechanicstown, passing through 
the Sliookstown Gap to the turnpike leading from Freclerick to Mechan- 
icstown, and along the latter. On your arrival you will report to 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton, waiting for him if he has not reached 
tliere, and following him if he has left there. If you reach Mechan- 
icstown before General Pleasonton, you will at once send out scouts, 
citizens if you can get them, in tlie direction of (Gettysburg, and collect 
all the information you can of the enemy. 
Y^ours, respectfully, 

]l. B. MARCY, 

Chief of Staff. 

Colonel Rush will be directed to send a squadron to Middletown, 
and you will, therefore, take your whole command. 

[19-] 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 12, 1862— (S.20 p. in. 
General G. Stoneman, Foolesville, Md. : 

By direction of the commanding general I telegraphed to you at 1 
p. m. yesterday, informing you that a force of about 2,000 rebel cavalry 
had left Chambersburg at 9 o'clock yesterday morning, in the direction 
of Gettysburg, and that as they might be making for some ford oppo- 
site Leesburg, you would keep your cavalry scouts well out on the 
approaches from the direction of Frederick, so that you might receive 
notice in time to mass your troops at any point the rebels might 
attempt to cross. It does not appear either from your own dispatches, or 

.^fi P -a VOT. T. T, PT I 



882 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

from those of General Pleasoiitoii, that, with the exception of a few 
companies of infantry, he received any support from you. His men 
had marched seventy-eight miles during the previous twenty- four hours, 
and he states that in consequence of having so little assistance after 
holding them in check for two hours, they were allowed to escape 
across the river. Troops were placed at other points to prevent the 
rebels getting back into Virginia, and tlie commanding general relied 
upon j'ou to intercept them if they came in your immediate vicinity. 
He now requires from you a written explanation of the reasons why you 
did not carry out the instructions communicated to you in my dispatch 
of 1 p. m. yesterday. 

E. B, MARCY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Heabquaeters Aemt of the Potomac, 

October 13, 1802 — 8.o() a.m. 
Major-General Wool, Hanover Junction : 

General Pleasonton, at Mechanicsville, reported 1.30 this morning 
that rebels passed through Woodsborough at 11 o'clock last night at a 
brisk trot, apparently going in the direction of month of Monocacy. 
The same intelligence received from Colonel liush and General Paul, at 
Frederick. The intelligence was telegraphed at once to Stoneman, at 
Poolesville. Pleasonton started for Frederick at date of his dispatch 
this morning. 

GEO. B. McCLELLAX, 
[19.] Major-General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, October 13, 1862. 
CoMMANDiNfi Officer 141st Xevt York Volunteers, 

Laurel Station, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Washington Branch : 
Sir : Keep well on your guard and look out for a raid upon the rail- 
road. Keep your troops well in hand. 

W. D. WHIPPLE, 
[19-] Assistant Adjutant-General. 

HEADQUARTER.S EIGHTH ARMY CORPS, 

Baltimore, October 12, 1862. 
Col. B. F, Tracy, 

Commanding 109th Neio Yorl; Volunteers, Beltsville: 
Colonel : Keep well on your guard and be prepared to meet any 
raid upon the railroad from the enemy. Keep your troops well in hand 

W. D. WHIPPLE, 

[1^-] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore. October 12, 1862. 
Go\. 'B. F. TVii^GY, Beltsville: 

Colonel: The railroad is cut at Monrovia, the other side of Monoc- 
acy, and the telegraph reported cut Ave miles beyond Poolesville. 

W. 1). WHIPPLE, 
[19-] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



OHAi'. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 883 

Headquaktebs Eighth Army Coeps, 

Baltimore, October 12, 1862. 
Colouel Richards, 

ComniandiiKj at Relay House, Md. : 

Colonel : Keep well on your guard. Keep your men in hand and 
prepared to meet any raid from tLe enemy. 

W. D. WHIPPLE, 

|19-J AsHtstant Adiutant-General, 



Headquaeteks First Aemy Corps, 

October 13, 1862. 
Brigadier-General Doubleday, 

Commanding Fimt Division: 
The general commanding having received information that the rebel 
cavalry under Stuart arrived near the mouth of the Mouocacy yester- 
day about noon, directs that you recall the brigade from the Sharpsburg 
road. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

CHAS. B. LAMBOKN, 
Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Colonel HoPMANN, 

Second Brigade: 
Colonel: You Avill withdraw your brigade immediately. 
By command of Brigadier-General Doubleday: 

E. P. HALSTED, 
Captain and Assistant Adjutant-General. 
[19.] 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 

No. 28. ] October 13, 1862. 

1. Brig. (len. Gabriel E. Paul, of volunteers, having reported for 
duty with this corps, is assigned to the First Division, and will report 
In person to Brigadier-General Doubleday. 

[By command of Brigadier-General Reynolds : 

CHAS. B. LAMBOEN, 
Acting Assistant Adjutant- General.] 
[19.1 



Headquarters Fifth Corps, 

October 14, 1802. 
Brig. Gen. Seth Williams, 

Asst. Adjt. Gen., Headquarters, Army of the Potomac: 
General: 1 respectfully present to the consideration of the com- 
manding general the following recommendations for promotions, Avith 
the hope that they may be favorably presented to the honorable Sec- 
retary of War: Col. H. S. Lansing, Seventeenth New York Volunteers 
(captain Twelfth U. S. Infantry), to the rank of brigadier general. 
Tlie activity and energy of this officer from the commencement of the 
war commend him to the consideration of the commanding general for 
reward. His efficient services in the iield, commanding his regiment 
anfi at. timps a, In iVarl p or au expeditionary force, prove his soldierly 



884 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., &. W. VA. [Chap. LXIU. 

qualities and his ability to till the position. I would like to have him 
command a brig-ade of this corps. Col. James Barnes, Eighteenth 
Massachusetts Volunteers, to the rank of brigadier-general. By educa- 
tion and service Colonel Barnes is a soldier, and has proved his value 
in command of his regiment, and of the brigade, in camp, in siege, and in 
the field. I should be much pleased to have him assigned as brigadier- 
general to command a brigade of this corps. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

F. J. PORTEE, 
[ID.] Major- General, Gomniandin<i. 



Headquakters Sixth Army Corps, 
October 14, 1863 — 2.30 a. m. (Received 5 a. m.) 
(Jeneral DevenS: 

The general commanding is informed that General Howe's pickets at 
or near Clear Spring have been driven in and General Howe reports 
infantry crossing the river. The general commanding directs that you 
get a brigade in readiness at once to move, and send it to General 
Howe's assistance at daylight in case you hear artillery firing in that 
direction. 

I am, general, very respectfully, »&c., 

O. D. GREENE, 
[19.] Ansistant Adjutant- General and Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 14, 1862—7 i). m. 
General George Stoneman, 

PoolesriUe, Md.: 
In view of the reports that a large force of cavalry has been, or is 
being, concentrated in the neighborhood of Leesburg, the commanding 
general directs that you have all the fords from the mouth of the 
Monocacy as far down the river as your line extends closely watched 
by your troops, so that the rebel cavalry cannot ci'oss into Maryland 
without being resisted. General Burnside will be directed to gu.ard the 
fords above the mouth of tlie Monocacy. ISTo report from you has been 
received in regard to the 300 rebel cavalry said by the colonel of the 
First Rhode Island Cavalry to have been on this side of the river last 
night. The commanding general desires this rei)ort at once. 

E. B. MAECY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

October II, 1862—11 a. m. 
General George Crook, 

Cumberland, Md. : 

You will please retain your command at Cumberland until to-morrow, 
when, if there is no indication of the enemy moving in large force in that 
direction, you will proceed to carry out your original orders, by mov- 
ing to Clarksburg, &c. 

By order of General McClellan : 

R. B. MARCY, 

[19.J Chief of Staff. 



Chap. LXITI.l CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 885 

Special Oruehs, ) Hdqrs. Defenses of WASHiNftTON, 

No. .34. ) October I-i, 18(i~>. 

* * ■ If * * * » 

2. Instead of relieving Brig. ( len. J. B. (Jarr in the command of the 

First Brigade, Second Division, Third Corps, as Jieretofore ordered, 

Brig. Gen. Robert Cowdiu will report to Brig. Gen. J. J. Abercrombie 

for assignnieut to the command of the Second Brigade of his division. 

By command of Major-Gcneral Banks: 

KICHD. B. IRWIN, 
Captain, Aidc-de-Camp, and Actinq Assistant Adjutant-General. 
[19.1 



Special Oubers, ) Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac, 

No. 282. j Camp near Knoxrille, Md., October lo, 1802. 

5. Gapt. J. G. Duane, ('orps of Engineers, is assigned to duty as 
chief engineer of the Army of the Potomai;; this assignment to have 
effect from September 8, 18G2. 

!f * * * * » # 

By command of Major-General McClellan : 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[19.J Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headqitarteks Army of the Potomac, 

October If,, 1862. 
Maj. Gen. Fitz John Porter, 

Commanding Fifth Corps, near Bharpsburg : 

General : The commanding general has received reports from signal 
stations which render it not improbable that the enemy's forces have 
left the vicinity of Bunker Hill and Winchester. General Hancock, 
with his own division and 1,500 additional infantry and a force of cav- 
alry, has been ordered to make a reconnaissance to-morrow at daylight, 
moving his infantry as far as Ghai'lestown and sending on his cavalry 
in the direction of Bnnker Hill and Wincliester until they find the 
enemy in force. A cavahy party is also to follow the line of the rail- 
road as far as they can toward Opequon Greek. The commanding 
general directs that, you send out a reconnaissance composed of the 
cavalry ordered in the telegraphic dispatch to you (].4'5 p. m.) and 5,000 
or 0,000 infantry, to proceed in the direction of Kearneysville, Leetown, 
and Smithfield, under command of a comi>etent general officer. Please 
direct him to keep his cavalry scouting all the approaches from the 
direction of the Opequon on his right. Theinfantry will not go beyond 
Leetown. The cavalry will proceed as far as Smithfield, if practicable, 
and communicate with the cavalry under General Hancock from Har- 
]>er's Ferry. The troops will move without knapsacks and with two 
days' aations. Please instruct the commanding officer to communicate 
frequeiitly with yon during tlie progress of the reconnaissance, and to 
opeTi communication with General Hancock's command as soon as 
l)racticable after starting. On accomplishing these instructions the 
troo]is will return to their camps on this side of the Potomac. The 
accompanying map is sent for the use of the commanding officer dur- 
ing the reconnaissance. 

Yours, very respectfully, R. \\. MARCY, 

[19. 1 Chief of Staff. 



886 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LSIII. 

Headquarters Aemy of the Potomac, 

October 15, 1862. 
General A. Pleasonton, 

Gommandmg Cavalry : 
(xENBRAL: General Hancock is to make a reconnaissance in force 
from Harper's Ferry toward Bunker Hill to-morrow morning at day- 
light. I have ordered all tlie cavalry to him that we have here, but 
the general commanding does not think it sufficient. If you can fit out 
200 or 300 men from your command to report to him or General Gouch 
at Harper's Ferry by daylight to-morrow morning please do so, and 
send Farnsworth or some good colonel to comnmnd all the cavalry. 
Hancock takes about 5,000 infantry with him. Please answer. 
Very respectfully, 

E, IJ. MARCY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff, 

Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

October 15, 1862 — lU a. m 
General Kelley, 

Commanding, Cumberland, Md. : 
A rumor has reached here that the main portion of the Confederate 
army is crossing the Potomac at Cumberland. While no credence 
whatever is attached to this, it may be well to exercise particular vigi- 
lance in that vicinity, and be ou the alert for any indication of such a 
design. 

E. B. MAECY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 15, 1862—11.30 a. m. 
Brig. Gen. W. W. Averell, 

Commanding First Cavalry Brigade, near Doivnsvillc, Md.: 
General: Your communication of 9 p. m. yesterday is received, 
reporting your return with your command.* \''ou will lemaiu iu your 
present position until further orders, using every effort to refit your 
command, shoe your horses, and get in readiness for active service. 
You are authorized to organize the pack-mule train for your brigade 
as suggested. 

Yours, very respectfully, R. B. MARCY, 

[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Circular.] Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

Gamj) near Sharpsburg, Md., October 16, 1862. 

The major-general commanding, considering that the movement now 
going ou may lead to a continued movement, directs that the division 
commanders be prepared to move at short notice, with provisions 
ready to issue at any moment, and at least one day's rations in 
haversack. 

By command of Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter: 

ALEX. S. WEBB, 

[19.] Lieutenant-Colonel and Chief of Sta-f. 

' See Vol. XIX, I'arl If, p. 10. 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 887 

Headquakters Fifth Gokps, 

October 16, 1862—7.45 p. m. 
Brig. Gen. A. A. Humphreys, 

Conimajiding Reconnaissance : 
General : Tlie commaiidiDg general wishes you to report every hour, 
or oftener, stating what you are doing, where you are, and what is 
opposed to you. Today he has received but one direct communication 
from you. General Ilaucock met with considerable opposition at 
Charlestowu, but is past that place and is movmg on Bunker Hill. 
General McGlellan was at that point throughout the day and was anx- 
iously expecting to hear from you direct or through General Porter. 
To morrow the general wishes you to push on with your infantry to 
Leetown and the cavalry toward Bunker Hill, and push the enemy 
vigorously. Make use of the cavalry assigned to you to report. They 
were sent for that purpose.* 
I Lave the honor to remain, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

ALEX. S. WEBB, 
[19. J Lieutenant-Colonel and Chief of Staff. 



UEADliUARTERS FlFTH CORPS, 

October 16, 1862—9 p. vi. 
Brigadier-General Humphreys, 

Commanding lieconnaissance : 
The commanding general wishes you to bo very careful to have out 
your best mounted cavalry on the roads toward Martinsburg, and keep 
a careful watch in that direction early in the morning and throughout 
the day. Sliould yon receive any notice to retire, you will be obliged 
to watch that tiank well. The enemy is rejtorted to have kept twenty 
cavalry at Hardscrabble whilst you were advancing to-day. The gen 
eral thinks that the cavalry opposed to you is probably clad in our uni- 
form, so that you will have to require your own pickets to be on the 
alert not to be deceived. He has asked for 300 cavalry with fresh 
horses to report to you in the morning at daylight. Don't let any of 
your movements be delayed by waiting for these, since there is no cer- 
tainty of iirocuring them. If you take any prisoners, let the general 
know the regiment to which they belong. From this information he 
■will probably tell A\'hose command is in the vicinity. 
llespectfuUy, &c., 

ALEX. S. WEBB, 
[19.] GMef of Staff. 



Headquarters Fh'th Corps, 

October 17, 1862—10 a. m. 

Maj. (ien. F. J. Porter: 

You Mill please send orders at once to General Humphreys to with- 
draw his command to their old camp on this side of the river, leav- 
ing it to his discretion whether to return by the way of Harper's Ferry 
or by the way he went. General Hancock has been ordered to return 
to Harper's Ferry Avith his command. General Humphreys should 
communicate with General Hancock, so that the movement may be 

•For prolUaWo reply, see 8 p. m., Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 83. 



888 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S.W., & W.VA. [Chap. LXm. 

made simultaueously, supporting each other if necessary. The route 
of General Humphreys' return should be controlled somewhat by the 
stage of water in the river. 

]{. B. MAROY, 

Chief of ataff. 

General Humphreys: 
riease carry this out and continue your communications with me.* 

F. J. PUETEK, 
[ 19. 1 Major- General. 



Head(,)UAktbes Fifth Coups, 

October 17, 1862. 
General A. A. Humphreys, 

Commandimj Division : 
General: The general commanding directs me to say, get all your 
command over during the night if you can. He is very much gratilied 
with your success, and when you return would be glad to see you. 
Very respectfullv, j^our obedient servant, 

GEO. MONTEITH, 
[ID. J Captain and Aid e-de- Camp. 

Special Orders, ) Hdqks. Defenses of Washington, 

No. 37. ) October 17, 18G2. 

****** If 

3. The following-named regiments, now serving with the command 
of Brigadier-General Casey, will constitute the Third Brigade of Aber- 
crombie's division, which tliey will proceed to join without delay: One 
hundred and forty second New York, Col. II. W. Judson; One hundred 
and forty-third New York, Colonel De Witt; One hundred and forty- 
fourth New York, Colonel Ilughston; One hundred and forty-sixth 
New Y'ork, Col. K. Garrard. The brigade will be commanded tempo- 
rarily by the senior colonel. The First Brigade of Casey's division 
will, on the arrival of two of the above-named regiments, be relieved 
from duty at Upton's Hill and returned to its former camp. 

Bv command of Major-Geueral Banks: 

RICHD. B. lEWIN, 
Captain, Aide-de-Camp, and Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 

L19.J 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 18, 1803—1 p. m. 
General B. F. Kelley, 

Cumberland : 
If you have sent troops to Paw Paw, as ordered in my dispatch of 
10 a. m. to-day, you need not withdraw them to send to Hancock iu 
consequence of my dispatch of 12.30 p. m.,t but will liold them iu readi- 
ness to move there or elsewhere, as may be needed. The commanding 
general authorizes you to act according to the information you may 

♦ For reply, sec 12.30 p. m., Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 84. 
tSee A^ol. XIX, Pait ll, p. 417. 



CuAP. LXIII.] COREESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 889 

receive of the enemy's movements, and to make such further dispo- 
sitions of your trooi)s as may in your judgment be required. It is highly 
imi)oitai!t that the rebels should be i)revented from doing further 
damage to the railroad. 

11. B. MAKCY, 
[19.) GMef of Stuff. 

Spkciat- Okders, ) Hdqks. Befensew op Washington, 

1^0. 38. f October 18, 18(!2. 

4. Brigadier- General Abercrombie is authorized to transfer the three 
regiments of infantry constituting tlie auxiliary garrison of the position 
at the head of the Ghaiu Bridge to his division, as follows: The One 
hundred and twenty-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers to the First 
Brigade, the Fortieth Massachusetts Volunteers to the Second Bri- 
gade, the One hundred and twenty- seventh New York Volunteeia to the 
Third Brigade ; the One hundred and sixty-ninth New York Volunteers, 
assigned to the Third Brigade of Abercrombie's division in lieu of the 
One hundred and forty-sixth New York, will, with two new regiments 
to be hereafter assigned, constitute the auxiliary garrison of the Chain 
Bridge ])osition, and will be reported accordingly. 

By command of Major-General Banks: 

mCHD. B. IK WIN, 
Captain, Aide-'de-Ca/inj), and Acting Asuistant Adjutant- General. 

iiy.i 



Special Okders, ) Heabquarteus First Army Corps, 

No. 34. ) Octohcr 19, 1862. 

The First Division, Brigadier-General Doubleday, will move at an 
early hour to-morrow morning, liOth, and encamp in the vicinity of 
Bakersville. They will take with them their entire camp equipage, 
tents, wagons, «S:c. The pickets from the First Division now along tlie 
river will be relieved by General Meade. On taking up the position at 
Bakersville, General Doubleday will send out a force and picket the 
Potomac Kiver from Mercerville to the neighborhood of Dam No. 4, 
relieving the ])ickets from General Franklin's corps. These pickets 
will join on the left with tliose from Ricketts' division and on the right 
with the ]iickets from Franklin's corps. 

By command of Brigadier General Reynolds: 

C. B. LAMBOEN, 

[19.J Acting Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters, 
Williamsxwrt, October ;J0, 180;J — 6' j>. vi. 
Lieut. Col. O. D. GREENE, 

Assistant Adjutant- General : 

Colonel : There is evidently a very considerable force opposite my 
post, but I cannot learn anything certain about their numbers or char- 
acter. The town is full of rumors, which are too vague to transmit. 
I am still on the search for a man to go over, but my former scouts are 
afraid to venture to night. 
Very respectfully, 

JOHN E. KENLY, 
rii».l Brigadier-General, Commanding. 



890 Ml)., K, N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

General Orders, ) Hdqrs. Twelfth Army Corps, 

No. 1. S October 20, 1863. 

Pursuant to Special Orders, No. 282, headquarters Army of the 
Potomac, the undersigned hereby assumes comnuind of this corps. 
Lieut. Col. n. C. Eodgers is announced as assistant adjutant-general. 

H. W. SLOCUM, 
[lii.] Major-Oeneral of Volunteers. 



Headquarters, 

WiUiamsport, October ;>], 1862—8 a. m. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Greene, 

Assistant Adjutant- General, &c., JIagerstown : 
Colonel: The n)ost reliable information 1 gained during the night 
is that the troops wliich reached Martinsburg Saturday last (say fifteen 
regiments) marched on to Hammond's farm next day, Sunday. This 
farm is near Hedgesville and one mile this side of the North Mountain 
Station. Tlic main body of the troops Avas still near Bunlier Hill. The 
impression here is that if the enemy designs crossing the river it will 
be here or at Dam No. '>. Tlie object of the raid would seem to indi- 
cate an attack upon one of our trains passing up. I feel well assured 
that there is a considerable body of troops on the Maitiusburg road 
between here and Falling Waters. All quiet here during the night. 

I am, colonel, very respectfully, vours, 

JOHN P.. KENLY, 
[19.] Jirigudier-Oeneral, Command huj. 



Cherry Eun, October 22, 1862. 
Major-General Franklin, 

Hagerstou-n : 
(Through headqitarters Army of the Potomac.) 
Tiie news that I have from refugees and other sources during the day 
indicates positively tliat the enemy had left Martinsburg yestei day and 
have proceeded, perhaps, either toward Williamsport or She])herds- 
town. Your circular received and contents noted in regard to Wil- 
liamspoi't. Y'ou had better regard this news. Note sent also through 
General McClellau's headquarters by telegraph to you to the same 
eflect. 

RespectfuUv, your obedient servant, 

JOHN NEWTON, 
Brigadier-General, Commanding Third Division, Sixth Corps. 

P. S. — I have telegraphed several times the substance of this ncAvs, 
but doubt whether a. horse would not be more expeditious even at this 
late hour. 

[19.] J. N. 

Headc.iuarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 23, 1802. 
His Excellency A. Lincoln, 

Picsidcnt of the United States: 
1 have already recommended that Captain Duane, now chief engineer 
of this army, be made a colonel by brevet for services on the Penin- 
sula. I now urgently request that he be brevetted a brigadier-geueral 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 891 

for the battle of Antietam. I ask tlie same well-inerited reward for 
Lieutenant-Colonel Oolbnrn, cUief of ray personal staff, already recom- 
mended as a colonel by brevet, and now recommended as a brigadier- 
general by brevet for Antietam. 1 ask tbis as a personal favor, feeling 
sure that tliey are well deserved. 

(i. B. McCLELLAN, 
1 19. 1 Major- General. 



riEADQUABTERS FlFTII ARMY CORPS, 

October 2P,, t8r,2. 
Colonel Alexander, 

Commanding Second District of Golumbm Volunteers: 
Colonel: I am directed by Maj. Gen. F. .T. Porter, commanding 
the corps, to assnre you of his regret at yonr separation from his com- 
mand. Although lie recommended the return of the regiment to Wash- 
ington, in consequence of the implied agreement made with the members 
of it, that they should not be removed from the District, he bears cheer- 
ful witness to the manner in which they have conducted themselves 
since leaving Fort Corcoran, in attention to duty and obedience to 
orders, and in discipline equal to the other regiments of the command. 
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

ALEX. S. WEBB, 
[19.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Chief of Staff. 



Cherry lUiN, October S3, 1862—10 a. m. 
Lieut. Col. O. D. Greene, 

Assistant Adjutant- General and Chief of Staff: 
Colonel : I have no further news of any importance. I do not place 
much reliance upon the report of the enemy concentrating at Wilhams- 
port Neck. If they do, however, it places me in a very critical position, 
of which to reheve myself I might at once invade Virginia and proceed 
to Harper's Ferry via Martinsburg and Charlestowu, or through Fall- 
ing Waters and Shepherdstowu. To march to Williamsport would 
involve a distance of twelve miles, equals four hours, and i)erhaps be 
too late except to be cut oft'. To fall upon the rear of the enemy, should 
a considerable portion of them cross the Potomac, might be the safest 
as well as the decisive plan. My men are held iu readiness to march, 
as by your orders. I shall every day iu future, if practicable, have an 
orderly at your headquarters at 12 m. 
Very respectfully, 

JOHN NEWTON, 
[19.1 Brigadier-General, Commanding Division, 



Headquarters Fifth Corps, 
Gamp near Sharpslmrg, Md., October 25, 1SG2. 

His Excellency John A. Andrew, 

Governor of Massachusetts, Boston : 

Governor: I have the honor to present to Your Excellency the 

name of Capt. Augustus V. Martiu,BatteryC, Massachusetts Artillery, 

for promotion to a field ofdcer, his State having a right to an artillery 

officer of that grade by virtue of the number of batteries she has now 



892 MD., E. N. C, PA., YA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

iu the field. Captain Martin is now in command of four of tbe bat- 
teries of this corps, a;nd be -will be placed iu charge of a number cor- 
responding- to his new rank, should Your Excellency see fit to confer it 
on him, even though it should be higher than that of major. He has, iu 
the opinion of his superior officers, earned the promotion suggested by 
gallant service in action and by his general efficiency in all duties here- 
tofore intrusted to liis charge. By conferring the favor I am confident 
Your Excellency would benefit the service. 

I am, with great respect. Your Excellency's obedient servant, 

F. J. PORTEK, 
[19.] Major-Oeneral, Gomman(lin<j. 



Headquarters Fourth Corps, 

Yorktown, Ya., October 25, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. L. Thomas, 

Adjutant- General U. S. Army: 
Sir: On a former occasion I recommended Brig. Gen. S. Casey, IT. S. 
Volunteers, colonel of the Fourth U. S. Infantry, for a brevet for gal- 
lant conduct in the battle of Fair Oaks, Va. That recommendation 
having failed, as I am informed, to reach the War Department, I have 
the honor again to recommend tliat officer for a brevet for good con- 
duct and gallantry iu the battle of Fair Oaks, fought May 31 and June 
1, 1862, to date the same as other brevets conferred for that battle. 
I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient servant, 

E. J). KEYES, 
[11.] Major- General, Gommnndiwj. 



Headquarters Army or the Potomac, 

October 26, 1862—10 a. m. 
Brigadier-General Reynolds, 

SharpsMirg : 

The commanding general directs you to move your command to 
Berlin by Crampton's Pass and Burkittsville. If possible to do so, he 
desires you to start today (Sunday) and march a few miles. If not, 
you will start tomorrow and march as far as ])ossible without break- 
ing down your men. Please send a qiiartermaster in advance to 
make requisitions and to provide for the wants of your corps. Please 
acknowledge this dispatch upon its receipt. 

K. B. MARCY, 

Chtef of Staff. 
For Operator : 

Note.— Send this to-night if possible; if not, then the first thing after 
daylight. 

119.] 



General Orders, ) Headqitarters First Army Corps, 

No. 26. )' October 56, 1863. 

The troops of this corps will march to-day in the following order: 
First, the Third Division (Meade) at 11 a. m., taking the road to Berlin, 
via Crampton's Pass and Burkittsville, and will proceed, if ]iossible, 
as far as Burkittsville; second, the Second Division (Ricketts) will fol- 
low Meade at IU o'clock and encamp in the vicinity of Meade; third, 



CHAP. LXm.] CORKESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 893 

the First Divisiou (Doubleday) at 11 a. m. will take the road from 
Bakersville to Crampton's Pass, via ItoLrersville, and encamp in that 
vicinity. The divisiou commanders will send their quartermasters in 
advance to arrange for supplies, &c. 

By order of Brigadier-General lleyuolds : 

OUAS. B. LAMBORN, 

[H'-l Acthiff Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Heauquaktekh Akmy of the Potomac, 

October 20, 1862—2.15 a. m. 
Major-(ieneral Pokteu, 

Near Sharpshurg : 
Brigadier-General Averell: 

(Care of General Franklin, Hagerstown.) 
The commanding general directs you to hold your command in readi- 
ness to march at six hours' notice. 

K. B. MAKCY, 
[ID. J Chief of Staff. 



HEAD(iXTABTEES ARMY OF THE POTOMAC, 

October 26, 1862—2 a. m. 
Major-General Franklin, 

Hagerstorvn : 
The commanding general directs that General Newton's division 
move to Williamsport, or as much farther this way as may be directed 
to-morrow (Monday), and that the other divisions of your command be 
held in readiness to move at six hours' notice. 

li. B. MAEGY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



General Orders, ) Headquarters Twelfth Army Corps, 

JSTo. 5. ) Near Sandy Uool;, Md., October 20, 1862. 

The following regiments of this command are hereby transferred, viz: 
The One hundred and twenty-fourth and One hundred and twenty- 
fifth Pennsylvania Volunteers from the First Brigade, First Division, 
to the Second Brigade, Second Division; the One hundred and fortieth 
and One hundred and forty-fifth New York Volunteers from the Sec- 
ond Brigade, First Division, to the Second Brigade, Second Division; 
the One hundred and thirty- seventh and One hundred and forty- 
ninth New York from the Fourth Brigade, First Division, to the Third 
Brigade, Second Division; the Sixtieth New York, Third Delaware, 
and Purnell Legion from the Third Brigade, Second Division, to the 
Second Brigade, Second Division; the One hundred and ninth and 
One hundred and eleventh Pennsylvania Volunteers from the Second 
Brigade, Second Division, to the Third Brigade, Second Division. 
Brig. Gen. N. J. Jackson, Col. G. L. Andrews, and Col. Thomas H. 
Kuger will immediately report to Brig. Gen. J. W. Geary for assign- 
ment to the command of brigades of his division. Brigade com- 
manders will take measures to concentrate their commands at the 
earliest possible day. 

Bv command of Mai. Gen. 11. W. Slocum : 

H. C. BODGERS, 

ri« 1 Assistant Adjutant- General. 



894 UX)., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. (Chap. LXm. 

Headqtjaktees Army of the Potomac, 

October 26, 1862—1.30 a. m. 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton, 

Commanclbuj Cavalry Brigade: 

General: The coimnanding general directs you to move yonr com- 
mand by tlie direct road to Berlin, so as to arrive at tlie pontoon bridge 
at that place, and to be ready to cross it at 9 o'clock this (Sunday) 
luorniug. One of General Burnside's divisions will precede you across 
the bridge, the otlier two will follow you. You will move to day to 
Lovettsville and a little in advance, and to morrow to Purcellville, 
being re-euforced by General Devens. The general commanding desires 
you to leave on this side all your ineffective force, with such portion of 
your command as may hinder or impede your operations for three days 
after crossing. He also desires you to leave such orders as may be 
necessary to insure the delivery to your command of your remount 
horses as rapidly as they may come in, and to send forward such of 
your force at present unfit for duty as maybe hereafter made available, 
tfe also desires you to procure as much of your forage as possible from 
the other side of the river. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

R. B. MAECY, 

[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Ueadqtjarters ForRTH Army Corps, 

Yorlctown, Va., October 26, 1862. 
Brigadier-General Naglee, 

GommanHing Brigade : 
(tENeral: The major general commanding instructs me to say to 
you that it is reported, upon iuformatiou believed to be reliable, that 
parties of the enemy are hovering about the lines on the otlier side of 
York Eiver. A body of thirty cavalry were at brick house, some eight 
miles from Gloucester Point, last evening; some infantry and cavalry 
are said to be at Gloucester Court-House. In view of these facts the 
general desires that great caution be observed so as to prevent against a 
surjirise of the outposts and the picking up of stragglers. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

G. C. SUYDAM, 
Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant-General. 
[18.1 



Special Orders, ) War Dept., Ad.tt. General's Office, 

No. 314. ] Washinriton, October 27, 1862. 

******* 

2. Brig. Gen. Gustave P. Cluseret, U. S. Volunteers, is assigned to 
duty in Western Virginia, and Avill report for duty to Brig. Gen. Robert 
H. Milroy, U. S. Volunteers. 

By order of the Secretary of War : 

L. THOMAS, 
[19.] Adjutant- General. 



CHAP. LXIII] . CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 895 

Special Ordeks, ) Hdqk^!. Army of the roTOMAc, 

No. 299. ( Gmip near Knoxville, October i'7, 18(12. 



* 



12. Capt. S. T. Oasliiiis, Second Infantry, is announced as chief sig- 
nal officer of tliis army nntil further orders. 



* 



By command of Major-General McClellan : 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[I**-] A>i>sisiant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Ninth Army Corps, 

Pleasant Valley, Md., October 37, 1862. 
Brig. (len. S. I>. Sturgis, 

Commanding tSecond Division: 
General : The commanding general directs that you move with your 
division at 12 o'clock this day to Lovettsville, Va., crossing the river at 
Berlin. ^ 

EOBT. A. EUTGHINS, 
[19.] Captain and Assistant Adjutant-Oeneral. 



Special Orders, \ Hdqrs. Defenses of Washington, 

No. 47. ) October 27, 1862. 

1. The Eleventh Corps will be reorganized by its commanding gen- 
eral as follows: First Division, to be commanded by Brigadiei-Geu- 
eral Staliel. First Brigade, to be commanded by Col. Leopold von 
Gilsa, Forty-first New York— Forty -first, Forty-fifth, Eighth, and 
Fifty-fourth New York; Second Brigade, to be commanded by Col. 
N. C. McLean, Seventy-fifth Ohio— Twenty-fifth, Fifty-fifth, Seventy- 
fifth, and Eighty-second Ohio. This division, with the three batteries 
constituting the reserve artillery of the corps and the cavalry 
attached to the coriis, Avill constitute the division of reserve. Second 
Division, to be commanded by Brig. Gen. A. von Steinwehr. First 
Brigade, to be commanded by Colonel Buschbeck, Twenty-seventh Penn- 
sylvania — Twentj-seventli and Seventy-third Pennsylvania, Twenty- 
ninth and One hundred and fifty-fourth Ncav York; Second Brigade, 
to be commanded by Colonel Smith, Seventy-third Ohio — Sixty first 
and Seventy-third Ohio, Thirty-third Massachusetts, and One hundred 
and thirty-fourth New York. Artillery of the division, two batteries. 
Third Division, to be commanded by Brig. Gen. Carl Schurz. First 
Brigade, to be commanded by Colonel Schimmelfennig, Seventy-fourth 
Pennsylvania — Seventy-fourth Pennsylvania, Sixty-eighth, One hun- 
dred and thirty-sixth, and One hundred and fifty-seventh New York; 
Second Brigade, to be commanded by Col. W. Ivrzyzanowski, Fifty- 
eighth New York — Fifty-eighth and One hundred and nineteenth New 
York, Seventy-fifth Pennsylvania, Twenty-sixth Wisconsin. Artil- 
lery of the division, two batteries. The commanding general of the 
Eleventh Corps will immediately report to tiiese headquarters wliat 
batteries he assigns to the reserve and to each division, with the names 
of the battery commanders and the number and caliber of guns. 
******* 

By command of Major-General Banks: 

IIICHD. B. IRWIN, 
Gaptaiii, Aide-de-C'awp, and Actintj Assistant Adjuiant-ilcncral. 



896 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. . (Ciur. LXIII. 

lOCTOBEK 28, 1862.] 

General Seth Williams, 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac : 

Through special sources I am of impression Creneral li. E. Lee is not 
far distant and General Stuart within an hour's reach. The same num- 
ber of cavalry regiments as usual is opposite. Enemy moved from 
]5nnker Hill toward Shannondale to-day. Hardee, Longstreet, Pem- 
berton, Polk, Kirby Smith are lieutenant generals. Desire for peace 
strongly expressed and the question started liow it was ])ossible. Gold 
in Richmond 800 jier cent, premium and silver 180. Have a Kichmond 
Examiner of 24th and will send anything of importance. Ford is excel- 
lent. Enemy under impression that their men deserting have to take 
up arms.* 

E. J. PORTER, 

[19.] Major- General, Commanding. 



HEADQITATITEKS AHMY of the PO'J'OMAC, 

October 27 [58], 1802—2 j). m. 
Ma.jor-General Franklin, 

Commaiidin(i Sirth Corps: 
General: The following dispatch has been received from Maryland 
Heights by signals, viz: 

An immense Tvagou train is moving in tlic divection of Sliannond.ale from toward 
Bunker Jlill. The head of tbo train is now about twelve miles to the left (from 
Maryland Heights) of Charlestown. The troops are also moving hy the same road, 
but it is so smoky that we caunot distinguish tbeir eharactrr. 

HALL AND TAYLOK, 
Lieulenavt^ and Aci'ing fiignal Officers. 

The commanding general desires you to direct General Averell, with 
a strong force, to make a reconnaissance at once toward Martinsburg, to 
ascertain whether tlie main force of the enemy has left that vicinity. 
Should the enemy have nothing but cavalry left and you think the main 
body lias gone to Winchester, you will move with your command to-mor- 
row morning for Berlin, taking care to proceed by such roads as to 
leave others clear for the movement of General Porter's corps from vicin- 
ity of Sharpsburg to Harper's Ferry. The general also desires that you 
hold your command in readiness to march to-morrow morning in case 
such orders should be sent from these headquarters. General Sigel 
telegraphs from Fairfax Court-Honse tliat the enemy occupies TJpper- 
ville with eight or nine thousand men, and it is reported that he will 
[fall] back to Gordonsville. 

GEO. D. RUGGLES, 
Colonel and Assistant Chief of Sta-ff. 

[19.] 



Headquarters Army of .the Potomac, 

October 28, 18G2—12.J5 p. m. 
Major-General Burnside, 

Commanding Ninth Corps, (Lc: 
General : The commanding general directs me to forward the fol- 
lowing dispatch, just received by signals from Maryland Heights, with 

* For reply sec Marcy to Porter, October 29, 12.30 a. m., Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 505.' 



CuAr. LXni.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC.^^UNION. 897 

instructions for you to communicate it to General Pleasouton and other 
commanders to the front, viz: 

An immeose wagon train is moving in the direction of i^haniiondale from toward 
Bunker Hill. The head of the train is now ahoiit twelve miles to the left ffrom 
Maryland Heights) of Charlestowu. The troops are also moving hy the same road, 
but it is so smoky we cauuot distinguish their character. 

HALL AND TAYLOR, 
Lieutenants and Acting Signal Officers, 

1 am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. D. RUGGLES, 

[19.] Colonel and Assistant Chief of Staff. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Defenses of Washington, 

No. 49. i October 28, 1862. 

* *#***# 

2. The One hundred and thirty third New York Volunteers, Col. 
L. D. H. Currie, is detached from the Second Brigade of Abercrombie's 
division, and will, with the One hundred and sixty second New York 
Volunteers, form the nucleus of a brigade, to be commanded for the 
present by the senior colonel and to be attached temporarily to Aber- 
crombie's division. General Casey will direct the One hundred and 
sixty-second New York to report to General Abercrombie without delay. 

* * * * * # * 

By command of Major-General Heiutzelman : 

EICHD. B. IRWIN, 
Captain, Aidede-Camp, and Acting tAssistant Adjutant- General, 

[19.1 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 29, 1862—2 p. m. 
His Excellency the President : 

In reply to your dispatch of this morning,* I have the honor to state 
that tlie accounts I get of the enemy's position and movements are 
very conflicting. A dispatch I have.just received from General Kelley, 
at Cumberland, says three ladies, just in at Cherry Run from Martins- 
burg, report tliat Generals Hill, Jackson, and llaniptou are encamped 
near there, witli a regiment of cavalry at Hedgesville. General Pleas- 
outon reports from Purcellville yesterday that information from Union 
people places Hill's command at Upperville, and that troops have been 
passing there for some days; tliat their pickets extend as far as the 
Snickersville and Aldie turnpike, over which they allow no one to pass, 
north or south. Pleasouton i-eports this morning that a Union (Juaker, 
who escaped from the rebels yesterday, says he saw Longstreet at 
Upperville day before yesterday; that he had ]8,(»00 men with him. 
I'leasonton also states that it is reported to him that Stuart with two 
brigades was at Berry ville; that Walker's brigade was at Upperville. 
A Union man told him that Longstreet was at Upperville, Bloomfleld, 
and Middleburg. General Couch reports yesterday that a contraband 
who came into Harper's Ferry from beyond Charlestowu says Hill's 
division came back from near Leetown on Sunday, and that the cavalry 



11.15 a. m.. Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 504. 



898 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap, lxiii. 

told him Jackson was coming with his whole force to attack Harper's 
Ferry. He is confident that there is infantry back of Charlestown, 
as he heard the drums beating last night. General Porter reports last 
night that, through several sources, he is under the impression that R. 
E. Lee is not far distant from him, and that Stuart is within an hour's 
march; that there are the same number of cavalry regiments opposite 
him as usual, and that the enemy moved from Bunker Hill toward Shan 
nondale yesterday. I ordered General Averell to make a reconnaissance 
to Martinsburg, but he has not yet reported his return. General Pleas- 
onton has his scouts well out toward Middleburg, Upperville, and 
Aldie, and I will soon have more reliable information. In the mean- 
time I am pushing forward troops and supplies as rapidly as possible. 
We will occupy Waterford and Wheatland to day. There is now no 
further difficulty in getting supplies of clothing. Eeynolds' corps and 
Whipple's division have been fully sui)p]ied, and are being sent for- 
ward. Couch's corps moves forward from Hari:)er's Ferry to-day 
around the Loudoun Heights. 

GEO. B. McGLELLAN, 
[19.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Geneeal Okders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 

No. 28. I Berlin, October 29, 1862. 

Capt. Charles Kingsbury, jr., having reported for duty, is announced 
as assistant adjutant-general of the First Army Corps. All communi- 
cations to these headquarters will be addressed accordingly. 
By order of Brigadier- General Keynolds: 

CHAS. B. LAMBORN, 
[19.] Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters First Armx Corps, 

No, 40. 5 Ca7n^ at Berlin, October 39, 18(13. 

V. Capt. R. H. Lamborn, volunteer aide-dc camp to the general com-- 
manding, is at his own request relieved from duty. The general takes 
this occasion to express his sincere thanks to Captain Lamborn for the 
very efficient and able services he has rendered and greatly regrets that 
his duties compel him to leave at this time. 

*♦»*»#* 

VIL This corps will cross the river to-morrow morning. Meade's 
division will move at 7.30 o'clock, Eicketts' division at 9 o'clock, and 
Doubleday's division at 11 o'clock. 

By command of Brigadier- General Reynolds : 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



October 29, 18G2. 
General R. B, Marcy, 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac: 
The report that enemy moved from Bunker Hill toward Shannondale 
was given by signal officer. A fugitive negro rei)orted a portion of the 



CHAP. LXIU.J CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 899 

enemy broke camp four miles south of Martinsburg and moved in that 
direction; that General Lee was reported near Winchester and Stuart 
near Martinsburg. An effort was made to get the bodies of two men 
buried on Virginia side and from that it leaked out that the application 
must go to General Lee or Stuart, and in an hour the latter would 
reply. The men on picket along the river belong to First, Third, 
Fourth, Fifth, and Ninth Virginia Cavalry and some North and South. 
Carolina regiments, all of which are of Stuart's command.* 

F. J. PORTER, 
[19. J Major- General. 



Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

October 30, 1862—3.30 p. w. 
General R. B. Marcy, 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac: 
The cavalry now opposite me is part of Fourth Virginia Cavalry, and 
is denominated Black Horse Cavalry. Major Kirklaud, who has just 
returned from that side, having been over in connection with the 
removal of the wounded, thinks that is the only force in the immediate 
vicinity, and from the application for the bodies of deceased soldiers 
not having been replied to, that it has gone to General Lee, who must 
be farther off than suspected. This impression is derived from con- 
versation with the officer in command, though nothing directly to the 
point was stated or inquired. 

F. J. PORTER, 
[19.] • Major- General. 



Headquarters Ninth Army Corps, 

BoUngton, Va., October 29, 1862. 

General S. D. Sturgis : 

Will please start your command to Wheatland at daylight to-morrow 
morning and take a position on the right of the Purcellville road, so as 
to communicate with the troops of General Whipple's division, which 
will be near Hillsborough. You will please move promptly, as the 
divisions of Getty and Whipple will be marching on the same road, 
and it is desirable that you do not impede their advance. 

Bv command of Brigadier- General Willcox : 

ROBT. A. HUTCHINS, 

[19,1 Captain and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Ninth Army Corps, 

Near LovettsvUle, Va., October 29, 1862. 

General Gettt, 

Commandinff Third Division: 
General : The brigadier-general commanding directs that you move 
your command this afternoon to Bolington. 

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

' ' -^ ROBT. A. HUTCHINS, 

ng 1 Captain and. Assistant Adjutant-General. 

*ThiB in reply to Marcy, of Octolier 29, 12.30 a. m.. Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 505. 



900 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

Headquarters Ninth Army Corps, 

Bolington, Va., October 29, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. George W. Getty, 

Commanding Third Division: 
General: You will please detach Captain Edwards' battery; order 
it to move at daylight to morrow morning to Water ford to report to 
Colonel Leasure, and relieve Benjamin's battery, which A?ill join you at 
Wheatland. You will march your division to Wheatland, starting at 
daylight, and take a position on the left of the road so as to hold com- 
munication with Leasure's command at Waterford. 
By command of Brigadier-General Willcox: 
Very respectfully, 

KOBT. A. HUTCHINS, 
[19. J Captain and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Head(21tartkrs Army oi- the Potomac, 

October 39, 1803—3 p- m. 
Brigadier- General Pleasonton, 

Commanding Cavalry Brigade: 

General: General Stoueman's force is posted near where the Lees- 
burg and Snickersville pike crosses the Catoctin Eange; two divisions 
of Burnside's corps will to day occupy Wheatland Post-OfBce (where 
North Fork of Catoctin crosses Berlin and Purcellville pike), and one 
division will take position at Waterford. Measures will be taken to 
strengthen this line, extended through Jlillsborough to-morrow. Gen- 
eral Stoneman will be directed to- have his cavalry connect with yours. 
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

li. B, MAKCY, 

[19. J Ckief of Staff. 



Headquarters Fourth Army Corps, 

Torldotvn, Va., October 39, 1803. 
Captain Faith, 

Commanding Fifth Pennsi/lrania. Cavalry : 
Sir: The report that 700 rebels are advancing on the Jamestown 
road may be exaggerated. Nevertheless you must be ready for any 
emergency. Take care to have all wagons and ambulances harnessed 
and your men in a fighting condition. If the enemy is in large force, 
■fall back in a soldierly manner; otherwise show a bold front and drive 
him away. Keep me notified. I send back the operator. 
In haste, your obedient servant, 

E. D. KEYES, 
[18.1 Major- General, Commanding Fourth Corps. 



Circular.] Headquarters Fourth Army Corps, 

Yorlctou-n, Va., October 39, 1802. 
The whole command will be kept on the alert to-night, as the enemy 
are reported to be but a few miles above Williamsburg. The guards 
will be vigilant and the men ready to turn out at a moment's notice. 
By command of Major- General Keyes : 

C. C. SUYDAM, 
[18.j Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



CHAr. LXIIL] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 901 

Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Defenses or WASHiNr/roN, 

No. 50. j October 39, 1862. 

* * * ■» # * # 

4. The following named regiments will constitute a division, to be 
commanded by Brig. Gen. Silas Casey, wbo will concentrate it on tbe 
soutb side of tbe river. The brigades will be commanded for the pres- 
ent by tbe senior colonels. First Brigade: Fifteenth Connecticut, 
Thirteenth New Hampshire, Twelfth Rhode Island, Twenty-fifth and 
Twenty-seventh New Jersey. Second Brigade: Twelfth, Thirteenth, 
Fourteenth, Fifteenth, and Sixteenth Vermont. Third Brigade: Twenty- 
second, Twenty-flftb, Twenty-sixth, Twenty-seventh, and Twenty-eighth 
Maine. 



By command of Major-General Heintzelmau : 

KICI 
Captain, Aide-de-Camp, and Acting Assistant Adjutant- Ocneral. 



KICIID. B. IRWIN, 



General Orders, i Headqttarters Fifth Army Corps, 

No. 21. ] Camp near ^harpsburg, Md., October 30, 1802. 

In compliance with instructions from headquarters Army of the 
Potomac, Sykes' and Humphreys' divisions will march as follows : First, 
Sykes' division 1 p.m., taking the road over tbe Antietam, passing over 
what is termed Burnside's bridge into Pleasant Valley and camp near 
Brownsville. Second, Humphreys' division at 1 p. m , taking tlie road 
through Sharpsburg, Portersville, and Brownsville. Whichever divis- 
ion is in advance on arrival at the junction in Pleasant Valley of these 
two roads will keep in advance. The other division, if possible, will 
take to the fields to the side of tbe road, and each will go iuto camp at 
suitable positions after having made a reasonable march. Should tbe 
troops in either division arrive at tbe junction of tbe roads while tbe 
troops of the other are passing, the troops of the former will take pre- 
cedence of the wagons of the latter. The connuander of each division 
will see that the trains are well closed and do not interfere with the 
rights of others. Headquarters will move to-day. Directions will be 
given to the division commanders where tbe commanding general may 
be found. 

By command of Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter: 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 

[ID.] Assistant Adjutant General. 



Circular.] Headquarters Sixth Corps, 

Uagerstown, October 30, 1802. 
The troops of this command will march to morrow morning at the 
time and by the roads hereafter Hi)ecified. The First Division (Gen- 
eral Brooks') at 5 o'clock by the shortest road to Keedysville (or 
Centerville) thence to Boonsborough. The Third Division (General 
Newton's) at 5 o'clock via Fair Play, Tilghmantown, to the intersec- 
tion of that road produced with the Williamsport and Boonsborough 
pike, thence to the pike and Boonsborough. The Second Division 
(General Smith's) will march at 7 o'clock, and proceed by the Williams- 
port pike to Boonsborough. Should it so happen that the head of the 
Second Division arrives at the intersection of the roads whence tbe 



902 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S, W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

Second and Third Divisions take the same road, the Second will be 
halted until the Third has cleared the way. General Smith will leave 
one brigade of his division in its present camp to support Kenly at 
Williamsport in case of necessity. This brigade will march early in 
the morning of day after to-morrow (unless it receives further orders) 
by the same road taken by the remainder of the division, and will 
endeavor to overtake the corps at the earliest practicable moment. 

By command of Maior-General Franklin : 

O. 1). GREENE, 

[19.] Assistant Adjutant- Oeneral and Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

October 30, 1862—1 p. m. 
Brig. Gen. E. B. Marcy, 

Chief of Staff: 
General Sykes' and General Humphreys' divisions will be on the 
march at 2 o'clock. They have orders to encamp as near Brownsville 
as possible. General Morell will not move until to-morrow morning, 
unless it is necessary to make a night march. "Will this do? Please 
reply at once. 

F. J. PORTEE, 
[19.] Major- General, Commanding. 



[OCTOUER 30, 1862.] 
General Marcy : 

My own camp to-night will be near Weverton. I expect to report to 
you to-night in person. Think the troops cannot get beyond Browns- 
ville before or by dark. 

F. J. PORTER, 
[19.] Major- General. 

[October 30, 1862.] 
General Frankltn, 

Hagerstoicn : 
If I move to the left, shall go through Sharpsburg, Rohrersville, and 
Burkittsville, via Crampton's Pass. My picket line of infantry extends 
about two miles above Shepherdstown ; beyond that no one can cross, 
1 believe, till near Shepherd's Island. The cavalry of Averell is there 
and watchful. When do you move 'J Signal from Maryland Heights 
says large force at Charlestown.* 

F. J. PORTER, 
[19.] Major-General. 



Headquarters Ninth Army Corps, 

linear Wheatland, Ya., October 30, 1862. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Richmond, 

Assistant Adjutant- General: 

Colonel: Both divisions were up and in po.sition before 10 a. m. 
The distance from this point to Waterford is only from three to three 
miles and a half. Sturgis' division occupies the intersection of the 

* For reply, see 3 p. in., Vol. XIX, Part II, p. ,512. 



CiiAi. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 903 

Lovettsville, Hillsborough, Purcellville, Leesburg, and Waterfoid 
roads, witU artillery on the front and flanks. Getty's division is in 
reserve, one mile to the left and rear, at the intersection of the AA'ater- 
ford and Lovettsville roads, in a position to support Sturgis' division, 
at the same time to coumnxnicate easily with Waterford and Lovetts- 
ville. Would it not be well at so central a point to establish a depot 
for supplies that would serve at the same time for Waterford, Wheat- 
laud, and Hillsborough? 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

O. B. WILLCOX, 
[19.] Brigadier-General, Commanding Corps. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 30, 1862—10.45 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton, 

Commanding Cavalry : 
General : The commanding general directs me to say that he does 
not desire you to attack the enemy at Snicker's Gap until a stronger 
force of this army shall have crossed to the Virginia side of the 
Potomac. He desires you, however, to send out strong reconnoitering 
parties to ascertain the position and strength of the enemy, so that an 
attack may be made in due tiine, should it be required. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. B. MARGY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 31, 1862—7 p. m. 
Brigadier- General Eeyi^olds, 

Commanding First Corps: 

General: The commanding general directs you to move your com- 
mand to-morrow to the front, passing the troops of General Burnside, 
and to take up a position with jqwt right resting on Purcellville and 
your left along the Snickers ville road to Hamilton. General Couch is 
ordered to move to Woodgrove, and between that place and the road to 
Suickersville, and to rest with his left on Woodgrove and his right on 
the road to Snickersville. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. B. MAECY, 

Chief of Staff. 

p. s. — General Pleasouton will move tomorrow to Philomont, picket- 
ing the Snickersville road, the Aldie ,road, and also the road from 
Purcellville as near Snickersville as possible. If possible, he will also 
picket Bloomfield and Upperville. 

[19.1 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 

No. 42. S October 31, 1862. 

#*♦**** 
HI. This command will move to-morrow morning as follows: The 
First Division, General Doubleday commanding, will move at 9 o'clock 



904 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXDl. 

(passing the troops of General Burnside), taking position with his right 
at Purcellville, his left along Suickersville road toward Hamilton ; the 
Second Division, General llicketts commanding, at o'clock on Water- 
ford road to Hamilton and along the road from Hamilton to Purcellville 
until his right joins General Doubleday's left on that road ; the Third 
Division, General Meade commanding, at 10 o'clock on the best road for 
artillery, from his present position through Waterford to Hamilton, 
joining General liicketts' left. 

By command of Brigadier-General Reynolds : 

0. KINGSBUEY, Jr., 

[19.1 Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Heabquakters Army of the Potomac, 

October 31, 1802— 7 Ar, ]>. m. 

Majjor-General Couch, 

Commanding Second Corps: 

General : The commanding general directs you to move your com- 
mand to-morrow to Woodgrove and between that place and the road 
that runs to Snickersville, resting your left on Woodgrove, and your 
right on the road to Snickersville. General Reynolds will move 
to-morrow to Purcellville, with his right on Purcellville and his left 
extending along the Snickersville road to Hamilton. General Pleason- 
ton will move to morrow to Philomont, picketing the Snickersville road, 
the Aldie road, and the road from Purcellville as near Snickersville as 
possible. He will also picket to Bloomfleld and Upperville, if he can 
do so. 

R. B. MARG\, 

[lO.J Chief of Staff. 



Special Orders, ^ Headquarters Pifth Army Corps, 

No. 1G5. ) Camp near Wevertou, Md., Ociohcr 81, 1802. 

1. Humphreys' division will cross the Potomac and Shenandoah at 
Harper's Ferry and move on the road taken by Couch's corps as far as 
it can without crowding. It will then camp and await further orders. 
Sykes' and Butterfleld's divisions will camp to-day on Maryland side of 
the river as near to Harper's Ferry as possible, Sykes in advance. As 
soon as there is sufiQcient si)ace on the Virginia shore these divisions 
will cross and follow Humphreys. The trains of each division Avill, till 
further orders, follow it. Quartermasters and (;ommissaries will pro- 
cure at Harper's Ferry all supplies necessary, and division commanders 
will require as much provision as possible to be packed in each wagon, 
and cattle to be driven. If possible, ten days' bread and small rations 
will be carried. Wherever grain and hay can be procured in Virginia 
it will be taken possession of by corps, division, and brigade quarter- 
masters for the benefit of the command, and care be taken that there is 
uo waste. Receipts will be always given. 

• *«**## 

By command of Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter: 

FEED. T. LOCKE, 

[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Chap. LXm,] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 905 

Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

Near Sandy Hook, October 31, 1862. 
General S, Williams, 

Headquarters Army of the I'otomac: 

General : Be iileased to inform tbe major-general commanding that 
my command is as follows: Huinplireys is in motion to cross the river 
and follow Couch. Sykes is in motion, and will camp as near as possible 
to Harper's Ferry on this side. Griffin, commanding Butterfield's 
division, in rear of Syke.s, and will camp near him. Each command 
will try to fit out with clothing. Some have clothing here in canal 
boats, which they are directed to get today. Each wagon will be filled 
with as much provision (bread and small rations) as they can carry. 
Beef will be driven. As soon as Sykes can cross the river he will 
move and be followed by Butterfleld. My headquarters are on the 
direct road from Berlin to Sandy Hook, just [sic] of Mr. Miller's house 
(General Slocum's headquarters) on the left side of the road. Business 
keeps me here at present, but if I am well enough and the command- 
ing general does not pass by here to-day I will be down this afternoon. 
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

F. J. PORTEK, 

1 19.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

October 31, 1802. 
General Marcy, 

Chief of Staff, Headquarters Army of the Potomac : 
General : Humphreys and Griffin will be over the river and about 
three miles up the valley by sundown. I shall send Sykes over 
to-morrow, to go beyond Humphreys, close to Couch, if circumstances 
permit. I would like to be informed if the general desires me to push 
up and keep closed to Couch, and if Couch is to continue on toward 
Snicker's Gap. If there be no impropriety in it, I would like for Gen- 
eral Couch to notify me or his rear division commander where he will 
march the following day, and if there is the slightest necessity of a 
force joining or support being required he will inform me without hav- 
ing to pass through general headquarters. If I am notified of what is 
l^assing in front, as the information goes to you, I shall actunderstand- 
iugly, and there [will] be no delay. He should be informed of what he 
has to rely upon, or sup])ort8 him. I shall cioss to-morrow and join the 
advance. At sundown I will inform you of the location of each division 
and the condition of their sup]»lics. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

F. J. PORTER, 
Major- General, Commanding. 

Please inform if the commanding general desires to see me, by tele- 
graph if in working order. 

1 19.] F. J. V. 

Headquarters Fifth Corps, 

October 31, 1862. 
Brigadier-General Sykes, 

Commanding Division : 
General: Major-General Porter directs that early in the morning 
you proceed with your division through Harper's Ferry and over the 



906 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCKPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LSni. 

poutoon bridge near tbe mouth of the Shenandoah out on the Hills- 
borough turnpike, passing the present eanii)S of Generals Butterfield 
and Humphreys. The general has some doubts about Colonel Garrard's 
joiuing General Warren. 

I remain, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

ALEX. S. WEBB, 
[19.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Chief of Staff, 



HEADqUARTBES FlPTH CORPS, 

October 31, 1862—9 p. m. 

Brigadier-General Butterfield, 

Commanding Division : 

General Sykes will march his division past you in the morning and 
will encamp beyond (General Humphreys and near to General Couch. 
While continuing to supply your command with what it needs, you 
will hold it in readiness for active operations. General Porter's head- 
quarters will be near General Humphrej's'. 

By command of Major-General Porter: 

ALEX. S. WEBB, 

[19.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Fifth Corps, 

October 31, 1862—10 p. m. 

Brigadier-General Butterfield, 

Comniandiny Division : 
General: The orderly from General Griffin has just arrived. Your 
wagon train is here and will move out early in the morning. As there 
will probably be no movement other than that of General Sykes, who 
will move out in front of General Humphreys, there will be abundance 
of time, the general hopes, for you to-morrow to complete your arrange- 
ments. 

Eesijectfully, your obedient servant, 

ALEX. S. WEBB, 
[19. J Lieutenant-Colonel and Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Eii'tii Corps, 

October 31, 1862—9 p. m. 
Brigadier- General Humphreys, 

Commanding Division : 
General Sykes will march past you and encamp beyond you near to 
General Couch tomorrow. While continuing to supply your command 
with what it needs, you will hold your command in readiness for active 
operations. General Porter's [headquarters] will be near you. 
By command of General Porter: 

ALEX. S. WEBB, 
[19.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Chief of Staff. 



CHAr.LXm.] CORRESPONDENCK, ETC. — UNION. 907 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 31, 1862—7.30 p. in. 
Brig. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton, 

Commanding Cavalry^ 
The commanding general has decided to make an advance tomorrow 
morning, as follows: General Reynolds' corps goes to the position now 
occupied by you, with his left at Hamilton. Oouch advances to Wood- 
grove, with his right on the road to Snickersville. You will please move 
your headquarters to Philomont, picketing the Snickersville and Aldie 
road as near Snickersville as practicable. If you can throw scouts out 
to Bloomfield and Upperville, do so. Burnside will advance beyond 
Keynolds on the 2d. This movement need not make any change in the 
orders for your reconnaissances with Bayard. I think we shall continue 
to advance from to-morrow. I send by the bearer some paper. 

R. B. MABCY, 
[19.J Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

November 1, 1862 — 4 p. m. 
Major-General Couch, 

Commanding Second Corps: 
General: The commanding general directs you to march your com- 
mand early to-morrow morning to Snickersville. On your arrival there, 
if you find the enemy is still holding Snicker's Gap, you will attack and 
carry it at once. General F. J. Porter will follow you with his corps, 
and he will be instructed to furnish you assistance, should you require 
it. Should there be no force of the enemy at Snicker's Gap, you will 
leave one regiment there to hold it till General Porter comes up, and 
send one division of your corps to the Aldie and Ashby's Gap road, in 
the direction of Upperville. Yon will tlien move your remaining divis- 
ions in the same direction, as far as they can march. General Porter 
will establish his corps on the Aldie and Snickersville road. General 
Burnside will occupy Bloomfield, Union, and Philomont. General Rey- 
nolds will be on the left of General Burnside, and between the Aldie 
and Snickersville and Aldie and Ashby's Gap roads. General Pleas- 
outoii will to-morrow occupy Springfield, on the Manassas Gap Railroad, 
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. D. EUGGLES, 
[19.] Assistant Chief of Staff. 

Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 
KeersviUe, Six Miles from Hnrper^s Ferry, November 1, 1862 — 2 p. m. 
General R. B. Marcy, Chief of Staff: 

My advance (Sykes) is close up to Couch (Sedgwick) and I am with 
it. The remainder of the corps is within one mile of me. Know notliing 
of O'Rorke's regiment. Considerable artillery firing in advance, appar- 
ently at Snicker's Gap, though sounding farther off. How shall I com- 
municate with you, and where do you move to? Many of the wagons 
are getting provisions at Harper's Ferry and will be in camp to-night, 
though the broken bridge will cause delay.* 

F. J. PORTER, 
[19.1 Major-General, Commanding. 



For reply, see .3 p. m., Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 526. 



908 MD., E. K. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., &. W. VA. K'hap. LXin. 

Neersville, [Ifovemher 1, 1863] — 5.40 p. m. 
General McClellan: 

Sball move two divisions to Ooiicb's rear where Hillsborongh road 
to Woodville joins this. Rear of his train left this camp at 4. Noth- 
ing unusual. 

F. J. rORTER, 
[19. J Mnjor-Oenerul. 



Hbadqttakters Fifth Army Corps, 

November J, 1802 — 10 p. m. 
General McClellan, 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac: 
Couch says he holds gap, and citizens in the mountains insist that 
Jackson is between Shenandoah and mountain, three miles over. 

F. J. PORTER, 
1 19. ] Major- General. 



(teneral Orders, ) Hbqrs. Fifth Army Corps, 

No. 22. ) Gamp near Neersvilte, Vn., November 1, 1862. 

In obedience to Special Orders, No. 305, headquarters Army of the 
Potomac, Maj. (ien. (ieorge W. Morell is relieved from duty with this 
corps to assume command of a separate force operating on the Upper 
Potomac. In accepting the indejiendent command thus tendered him 
by the general-in chief, Major-General Morell enters upon a wider and 
more responsible sphere of duty. While regretting this separation 
from the corps, the commanding general can but congratulate General 
Morell on the assumption of these increased responsibilities, and hopes 
that he will meet with the same honorable success in their discharge 
that has attended his efforts in the command which he has exercised 
in this corps. 

By command of Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter: 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 

[19-1 Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

Xo. 10(i. ) Camp near Xccrsville, Vu., November 1, 1862. 

1. Sykes' and Humphreys' divisions will march to-morrow, the for- 
mer at 6 and the latter at 6.45 a. m. Each will be followed by their 
respective ambulance trains. Sykes' wagon train will follow Hum- 
I>hreys' ambulances, and Humplireys' train Sykes'. One regiment 
will form the rearguard to each division. Quartermasters must see 
that their trains run into the roads, so as to cause no delay, and keep 
closed, and on arriving at camp go quickly into camp. 

2. Butterfield's division will be held ready to move at short notice, 
and if not called to morrow will march at 6 a. m. on the 3d instant and 
join the corps, taking the road to Snicker's Gap. 

3. Butterfield's division will march at 7.30 a. ni. to-morrow, following 
the ambulance train of Humphreys' division. The wagon trains will 
follow Butterfield's ambulances in the following order: Sykes' 
Humphreys', Butterfield's. A regiment as rear guard will accompany 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 909 

each division train. Three days' provisions will be carried, and the 
cartridge-boxes will be filled with amuiuuition. Amniuuitiou trains will 
precede baggage trains of each division. 

By command of Maj. Gwi. I''. J. Porter: 

FKBD. T. LOCKE, 

[10.] Assistant A<liutant-Genernl. 



Genkbai, Okdkks, ) Hdqrs. 1st L)iv., 5th Aemy Coups, 

I Akmy of the Potomac, 

No. 53. ) November 1, 1802. 

In compliance with Si)ecial Orders, No. 305, from headquarters Army 
of the Potomac, the undersigned hereby assumes command of this 
division. Lieut. Henry W. Perkins is appointed acting assistant adju- 
tant-general; Capt. H. W. liyder is appointed acting aide de-camp; 
Lieut. R. L. Livingstone is appointed acting aide-de-camp; Lieut. George 
A. Batchelder is appointed acting ordnance oiificer. They will be 
obeyed and respected accordingly. . 

DANL. BUTTEKFIELl), 
1 1!». ] Brigadier-General. 



NEERKVII.I.K, November 1, 18(JJJ — ~.i.o j>. m. 
General CouCH, 

Commanding Second Corps: 
I have just received a dis])atch ixom General Marcj'^ of tlie same 
tenor, I presume, as yours,* i. e., to render assistance to you if you 
wish it on finding Snicker's Gap occupied by the enemy, and to go for 
ward myself, &c. I shall move at G a. m., and shall hope from time to 
time to receive information from you which will enable me to execute 
uiy instructions. I also ask that special pains may be taken to keep 
your wagons so as not to interfere with my marching, and in all cases 
to keep well to one side of the road in case I have to pass. Your train 
did not leave camp till 4 p. m., so from this you will see that if I am 
wanted you must keep the road clear. Please let me know where you 
are and how moving, and oblige. 

Tours, truly, P. .1. POKTEE, 

1 19. 1 Major- General. 



November 1, 1862. 
General Couch, 

Commanding Second Cor^fx: 

General : Your note by Lieutenant ^^'etmore, of cavalry, is received. 
1 congratulate you and hope you will continue successful. I shall keep 
as close to you as possible and give you all the aid you wish, if the 
wagons are not in the way. I send you my instructions.* I shall be 
up as soon as ])ossible. Am near Gorman's camp. Signal from 
Maryland Heights says : 

We saw uiore teuts and wagons at Uerryville this afternoon than heretofore. 
Smokes iu that vicinity about the same. A umall camp seen about four miles south 
of Charlestowu. 

' See ii J), in., Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 52r,. 



910 MD., E. N. C, PA , VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. I'hap. LXni. 

I would suggest you liold the gap strongly till 1 get up. Will send 
an officer forward to you in the morning. Please keep uie informed of 
your movements, opposition, and success. I doubt that Jackson is 
near, though I think some force is there to strike our rear if left 
unguarded. God speed and prosper you. 

Yours, truly, F. J. POETEE, 

[19. ] Major- General. 



Headquarters Fifth Army (Jorps, 

November 1, 1803 — 6 p. in. 
[General Humphreys :| 

My' Dear General : We move about six miles to the front to-mor- 
row, and I wish you and Sykes close together in case we should be 
called upon to give aid in advance. Butterfield remains to get in com- 
plete order. To march this short distance too much labor is expended 
moving a whole corps and too much time. Couch's rear wagons 
left camp at 4.30 p. m., his advance at 7 a. m. I hope to keep all right 
to-morrow, and to have no cutting into you by trains. The distance 
between the commands will enable you to keep straight on, giving a 
short rest every hour, without causing delay or being delayed by the 
advance. Send an ambulance up here for a mail. We are on the right 
of the road, first camp immediately on the road. If you wish to send 
back to your camp to-morrow for stores left in it, you will have time. 
Feed your animals well, use hay, fodder, &c. ; it is abundant; give 
receipts. The whole people are secesh. 

Yours, truly, F. J. POETEE. 

[19.J 



Headquarters Ninth Army Corps, 

Near Wheatland, Va., November 1, 1862. 
General Sturgis, 

Commanding Second Division: 
General : The brigadier-general commanding directs me to instruct 
you to have your command in readiness to march early to-morrow 
morning. 

1 am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

EOBT. A. HUTCHINS, 
[19.] Captain and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

November 1, 1862 — 5 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton, 

Commanding Cavalry Brigade : 
The commanding general directs you to march your command for- 
ward to-morrow, and to occupy the Manassas Gap Eailroad at Spring- 
field and vicinity. General Couch will move to Snickersville, and 
attack and carry Snicker's Gap, should the enemy still hold it. Should 
there be no force of the enemy there, he will send one division to 
occupy the Aklie and Asbby's Gap road, in the direction of XJpperville 
and move up his remaining divisions in the same direction, as far as 
they can march. General F. J. Porter will establish his corps on the 
Aldie and Snickersville road; General Burnside will occupy Bloorufield 



CHAP. LXIII.] COURESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 911 

Union, and Pliilomont; General Reynolds will be on General Burnside's 
left, and between the Aklie and Snickersville and Aldie and Ashby's 
Gap roads, 

Eespectfully, your obedient servant, 

II. P>. MAROY, 
[19- J Chief of Staff. 

Headqxjaeters Army of the Potomac, 

November 1, 1863 — 9 »j. m. 
General A. Pleasonton, 

Gommandinfi Cavalry, Philomont, Ya. : 
General: General Averell left Berlin for the Yirgiiiia shoi-e to-day. 
In view of the large force yon seem to have before you, Averell has 
been ordered to join you to-morrow with a horse battery. He will 
have over 1,000 men, and I thinlc with them you should hold Mr. Stuart 
somewhat uneasy. 1 do not know the exact position of Averell to-night, 
but I think my orderly will find him. You will have a plenty of intan- 
try to-morrow. 

Respectfully, K. B. MARCY, 

flO.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

November 1, 1862 — 8.45 p. m. 
General W. W. Averell, 

Commanding Cavalry Brigade: 

General: General Pleasonton has been ordered to move forward 
to-morrow morning .to the Manassas Gap Railroad, near Springlield. 
General Couch, now at Woodgrove, will move on to Snickersville, 
and if he finds Snicker's Gap occupied by the enemy he will attack 
and carry it, being supjiorted by General Poi'ter's corps in his rear. 
General Couch will then throw forward one division to the Ashby's 
Ga^i and Aldie road, near Upperville. General Burnside will occupy 
Bloomfield, Union, and Philomont, with General Reynolds' corps on his 
left and one division advanced to Middleburg. The commanding gen- 
eral directs that you throw forward your cavalry early in the morn- 
ing to ascertain if the enemy hold Snicker's (lap, and give General 
Couch the information. If you should not be necessarily detained at 
Snicker's Gap, you will please push on to Ashby's Gap, and examine 
that locality, so as to give General Couch information concerning that. 
Should you find that General Pleasonton is engaged with the enemy 
in advance of you, you will push on to his assistance. 

R. B. MARCY, 

[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

November 1, 1862 — 9.13 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Averell, 

Commanding Cavalry Brigade : 

General: General Couch, now at Woodgrove, will move on to 

Snickersville to-morrow morning, and if he finds Snicker's Gap occupied 

by the enemy, he will attack and carry it, being supported by General 

Porter's corps in his rear. General Couch will then throw forward one 



912 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

division to the Ashby's Gap and Aldie road, near Upperville, following 
witL the rest of his command as far as it can march. General Burn- 
side will occupy Bloomfleld, Union, and Philomont, with General 
Eeynolds on his left, and one division of the latter's corps advanced to 
Middleburg. General Pleasonton has been ordered to move forward 
to-morrow morning to the Manassas Gap Kailroad, near Springfield. A 
report just received from him states that he has been skirmishing in 
front of Philomont to-day with Stuart, who outnumbers him and has 
also infantry troops with his command. The commanding general 
therefore directs you to march at an early hour to-morrow morning, to 
re-enforce General Pleasonton at or near Philomont. Upon coming up 
with him, you will accordingly report to him with your command for 
duty. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. B. MARCY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Special Oebers, ) Hdqrs. Defenses of Washington, 

No. 53. i November ], 1863. 

2. Lieut. Col. Chauncey McKeever, assistant adjutant-general, is 
assigned to duty at these headquarters, to take effect this day. 

»♦»*#»» 

By command of Major-General Heintzelman : 

RIGHD. B. IRWIN, 

Captain, Aide-de-Camp, and Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 
[19.] 



Heabquartees Aemy of the Potomac, 

November 2, 18C2 — IJ a. m. 
Brigadier-General Reynolds, 

Gommandiwj First Corps: 
General: The commanding general directs you to move your corps 
as soon as you can get the road, and to establish it to-night on the left 
of General Bumside's corps, and between the Aldie and Suickersville 
and Aldie and Ashby's Gap roads, with one division thrown forward to 
Middleburg. Please move by such roads, if any, to the left, as will not 
interfere with General Burnside's corps. General Bnrnside has already 
indicated to you the positions of the troops on your right. Please send 
an aide to headquarters at Wheatland to-night. 

I am, &c., R. B. MARCY, 

[19.] Chief of Staff. 

Snickeesville, Ya., November 3, 1SC2 — l.:in p. m. 
General Marcy, 

Chief of Staff': 
I arrived in person at 12.30 p. m., and found General Couch in posi- 
tion in the gap with Hancock's division, he deeming it necessary that 
the most of it should be there, in consequence of the enemy moving two 
columns of troops up the mountain in three brigades. Since that he 
has asked of General Couch more guns, and in case of firing more infan- 
try. I have informed him that I am ready to relieve him and await his 



Chap. LXIII] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 913 

reply, in the meantime bave Sykes (the advance) moving up to relieve 
him. He will probably inform you of his decision after hearing from 
Hancock (Sykes relieves him). My comiiiand will all be up to-night. 
I have ordered a regiment to relieve one left fby] General Couch in 
Gregory's Gap. The passes to the rear and I think the whole line of 
road should be watched by other troops, and if you have a force at 
Hillsborough would respectfully suggest that it show itself on this 
road to Harper's Perry near to Woodgrove. I have arranged to guard 
this pass and await orders. Artillery shots are heard in the gap from 
Hancock. 

Very respectfully, F. J. PORTBlt, 

{19.] Major- General. 



Headquarters Fifth Arm"? Corps, 

Snickersville, November 2, 1862 — i p. m. 
General R. B. Mabcy, 

Chief of Staff: 

I have sent Sykes to relieve Hancock, and in few minutes shall go to 
the top of the mountain. Sykes is nearly up. General Couch has gone 
at the head of Gorman's division for Bloomfleld and Upperville. The 
inclosed memoranda of forces was received from a Union man. He adds 
that Jackson and Hill are in the opposite valley and the object of mov- 
ing to Beiryville was to defend this gap. I do not believe that Han- 
cock and Gorman (Couch) will get far tonight. I send an officer to 
receive orders. I presume I am to wait here till further orders, as my 
instructions say nothing of going farther, and the enemy would like 
this inlet. 

F. J. PORTER, 

[19.] Major- General. 

Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

November 2, 1862. 
General Couch, 

Commanding : 
Your dispatch received. Four other divisions are close by here. 
General McClellan is here and desires me to say he sent orders by your 
staft" ofQcer to halt where you are and to send here at daybreak an 
officer for orders. For myself I have to say look out for enemy toward 
Upperville, as there, or at Ashby's Gap, I think he will make his stand 
and annoyance. Enemy still in force in Winchester valley opposite 
me, but some are moviug south. Stuart only is here on this side of 
Ashby's Gai). 

Yours, truly, E. J. PORTER, 

[19 1 Major- General. 

Woodgrove, November 2, 1862 — 10 a. m. 

Generals Buttbefield and Humphreys, 

Commanding Divisions : 

General Humphreys will move up and form his troops outside the 

road, to enable Butterfield to come up and form to camp at Woodgrove, 

beyond which it is doubtful if he can go farther on account of the blocked 

roads. Humphreys will transfer to Butterfield the order to relieve a 

58 R E— VOL LI, PT I 



914 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. fCHAr. LXIII. 

regiment of Couch's in the gap near Woodgrove. As sooq as tlie road is 
sufficiently clear, or it can be ascertained that Sykes and Humphreys 
can move on, they will continue to advance toward Snickersville. But- 
terfield will bivouac, allow the trains to i)ass tlirongh, and move on 
to-morrow morning — all this in case he gets no other orders. The one to 
march on to-day may be given. The road from Worthington house is 
blocked, but if possible I wish to get Sykes and Humphreys to Snick- 
ersville and Butterfield within reach. 

F. J. POETEE, 
MajorOeneral, Commandin;/. 

The regiment left by Buttertield to take its place in the gap to relieve 
Couch's Avill be relieved only in case there is no enemy there to-morrow. 
Messengers will be sent to communicate with the regiment. 

119.1 F. J. V. 



ITeadquakters Fifth Army (!orps, 

November :J, ]8(ii' — J^,3(i p. m. 
Brigadier-General Butterfield, 

(Jommandinfi Division : 
General: Inclosed herein please find map showing Woodgrove and 
Snickersville. Tlie general commanding directs that you camp at Wood- 
grove to-night and move to Snickersville to-morrow. You will find a 
house on the left side of road containing some secesli women — at Wood- 
grove. The general wants you to keep your trains well u]). 
Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. MONTEITH, 
Captain and Aide-de-Camj}. 

P. S. — Hancock has carried Snicker's Gap and is pushing forward. 

[10.1 



Headqx'arteus Ninth Army Corps, 

Near Wheatland, November JJ, 1863. 
Col. Daniel Leasx^re, 

Commanding First Division: 

Colonel : You will at once march your command for Philomont. 
You will take up a position on your left on the pike at Philomont, with 
your right stretching toward Union. (4eneral (iSetty's division will be 
at, or as near as possible to, Union, with General Sturgis at Bloomtield. 
General Stoneman will follow up your left. Y"ou will send Captain 
Means, with his company, to these headquarters, keeping a few of his 
men with you for guides. 

1 am, colonel, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

EORT. A. nUTCHINS, 

[19.] Captain and Assistant Adjutant-Ueneral. 



Headquarters Ninth Army Corps, 

Near Wheatland, Ya., November 2, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. S. T). Sti^rgis, 

Commandinfi Second Division : 

General: You will march your command without delay as near as 
possible to Bloomfield, and take up a position facing toward Snickers- 



Chap. LXJII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 915 

ville and curving round toward Union. Please send an aide to these 
ueadquarters immediately. 

I am, general, very respectfully, 

KOBT. A. nUTCHlNS, 
[1^-J Captain and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Ninth Akmy Oobps, 

Near Wheatland, Ya., November ;.', 1862. 
Brig. Gen. George W. Getty, 

Gommanding Third Division: 
General: You will without delay march your command as near as 
possible to Union. General Sturgis will be on your right near Bloom- 
lield. Colonel Leasure will be on your left at Philomont toward Union. 
You had better establish communication with these two divisions. 
I am, general, very respectfully, 

ROBT. A. HUTOHINS, 
|19-J Captain and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquar'i ers Army of the Potomac, 

Wheatland, November 2, 1862 — 10.30 p. m. 
Major-General Slocum, 

Commanding, Harper's Ferry : 
The commanding general directs that you send two regiments at once 
to Keys' Gap and two regiments to the crossing of the Shenandoah 
near Shannondale, to remain there for two or three days until the 
enemy are out of that valley. In view of the operations now progress- 
ing, it wovild perhaps be better for you to defer your visit to Frederick. 
It is rumored that the enemy have crossed in some force near Downs- 
ville. 

li. B. MAECY, 
[10.] Chief of maff. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Wheatland, November 2, 1862 — 10.30 p. m. 
Major-General Morell, 

Commanding at Hagerstown : 
A report has reached here that the enemy have crossed in some force 
near Downsville. The commanding general desires that you will ascer- 
tain at once if there is any truth in this, and forward immediately all 
information by telegraph. 

K. B. MAKCY, 
[19.] Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

November 2, 1862 — i,20 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton : 

General: Firing is heard in direction of Snicker's Gap. General 
McClellan is going there. He will return if the engagement is not a 
serious one; if it is, he will remain. He desires you to keep him 
informed of everything of interest, directing your communications to 
General BeynoldS; who will remain at Purcellville and move forward 



916 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

tomorrow to a position between Aldie and Suickersville and Aldie and 
Asbby's Gap roads, Avith one division thrown forward to Middleburg. 
General Reynolds will forward these communications to General 
McOlellan, and will be ready to move to your assistance, if necessary. 
If you need immediate assistance call upon General Willcox at Pbilo- 
mont. You will be informed during the night of the movements for 
tomorrow. It is not yet known whether General Couch has yet passed 
Snicker's Gap. You will be informed to-night of the position of troops 
on the right. 

I am, general, very respectfully, vour obedient servant, 

GEO. D. EUGGLES, 
[19. J Colonel and Assistant Chief of Staff. 



Headqxtartees Army op the Potomac, 

Wheatland, November 2, 1862 — 11 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton, 

Gotnmandinfi Cavalry, (fcc. .• 
General: Your dispatch of (J.30 p. m. is received. General 
McOlellan is to-night at Snickers ville. Headquarters will move to 
Purcellville to-morrow and perhaps farther. The ammunition for Pen- 
nington's battery was sent this afternoon to Union, to whicli place you 
had better send for it if it has not reached you. Hancock has posses- 
sion of Snicker's Gap, and has dispersed a column of 5,000 or 6,000 
infantry that advanced to retake it, by his ritied gnns. 

Yours, respectfully, E. B. MAECY, 

Chief of Staf. 
By WM. F. BIDDLE,' 
[Ifl.] Captain and Aide-de-Camp. 



Headquarters Cavalry Brigade, 

Fhiloinont, November 2, 1862 — 6' a. m. 
Colonel Hofmann: 

Colonel : The general directs me to say that he has knowledge of a 
force of the enemy at Union. He is going there and wishes you to 
move forward your forces to support him at that place. 

By command of Brigadier-General Pleasonton : 

J. C. EOUSSEAU, 

[19.] Lieutenant and Aide-de-Camp, in the Field. 



HEA]>tiUARXERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC, 

Snicliersvillc, November 3, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. E. B. Marcy,, Chief of Staff: 

Couch and Burnside have been ordered to the vicinity of Upperville, 
and Couch has been ordered to reconnoiter Ashby's Gap. Eeyuolds 
has been ordered to the vicinity of Bloomfield and Union. Please 
direct Pleasonton to scout well toward Ashby's Gap, to ascertain what 
enemy there is there. Headquarters had better move at once to the 
point where the Mount Gilead road comes into the Snickersville and 
Aldie pike. We will meet you there. The general desires that you 
send back to hurry Franklin up. 

A. V. COLBURN, 

[19.J Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Chap. LXm.] CORRESPONDENCK, ETC. UNION. 917 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Snichersvillc, November 3, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. John F. Reynolds, 

Commanding First Corps : 
Greueral McOlellan directs that you move your corps on Bloomfleld 
and Union, reaching those points, if it is possible, to-day. At least get 
as far as the Aldie pike. Porter remains at Snickersville in possession 
of the gap. Couch moves to Ashby's, and Burnside goes to the vicinity 
of Upperville. Headquarters to-night will be near yon. 

A. V. OOLBURN, 
1 19. J AHxistant Adjtdant- General. 



General Orders, ) Headquarters Fiest Army Corps, 

No. 31. ] Gamp near Purcellville, November 3, 1862. 

The troops of this corps will move today, as follows, and take posi- 
tion between Bloomfleld and Union : The First Division (Doubleday's) 
will march to Bloomfleld by the road leaving the pike west of Black 
Oak Eidge; the Second Division (Kicketts') will march by direct 
route from Purcellville to Bloomfleld and take position on the left of 
the First; the Third Division (Meade's) will march on the road to 
Union via Quaker Meeting-House to Union, and take position Avith its 
left at that place. Headquarters will be at Bloomfleld. 

JOHN F. REYNOLDS. 

(19.1 



Headquarters Cavalry Brigade, 

November 3, 1862. 
General Doubleday, 

First Division, First Army Corps, Purcellville : 
General: I shall not take your brigade | Flofmann'sJ any farther, 
but direct it to report to you from where it is in front of Union. It 
rendered me good service yesterday and met with a few losses. We 
drove the enemy steadily throughout the day. 

Very truly, yours, A. PLEASONTON. 

119.1 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

SnicliersviUe, November 3, 1862. 
Maj. Gen. D. N. Couch, 

Commanding Second Corps: 
General McClellan directs that you move up the two divisions of 
your corps that are at this place until you join the other division, and 
then move your entire corps forward to the vicinity of Upperville, there 
at once to make a careful reconnaissance of Ashby's Gap, and if possi- 
ble, take possession of it. If the enemy are in great force there, sim- 
ply make a reconnaissance and report. General Burnside has been 
ordered to move to the vicinity of Upperville, to be ready to give you 
any support you may need. 

"^ A. V. COLBURN, 

Assistant Adjutant- General, 

Headquarters will probably be at Bloomfleld to-night. 
[19.1 



918 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXni. 

One Mile in Advance of Snicker's Gap, 

November 3, 1863 — 1.4~) p. m. 
General McGlellan: 

I send tlie inclosed dispatches from signal officers and General Sykes, 
the only information I have.* The only force on this side of the river 
is a small party of cavalry, and the reconnoitering party of Sykes is 
engaged with it. Firing is frequent. I can see that a large force must 
be in the valley from the quantity of smoke ooziug from top of woods, 
and this smoke comes from every clump. An officer (aide to General 
Sykes) says a very large camp is visible beyond Berry ville ; with a glass 
he can distinguish between tents aud shelter-tents. This is from the 
mountain at Warren's station. I am going up there, and will send you 
a report this evening. It is generally believed that Jackson and Hill 
are here. Have sent a party to see if ridge road extends south. Infan- 
try, I learn, can cross the mountain anywhere, but cavalry in places; 
artillery not. Several fords between this and Ashby's Ga]). 
Very respectfully, 

F. J. POllTEK, 
[10.] Major- General. 



Headquartees Fifth Army Corps, 

Koveniher S, 1S02 — G p. m. 
General E. B. Marcy, 

Chief of Staff: 

General : A reconnaissance of cavalry and infantry was made, under 
the charge of Lieutenant-Colonel Sargent, Massachusetts cavalry, to 
Snicker's Ferry, to ascertain the strength of the enemy on this side of 
the river and the character of the country between. Anxious to catch 
the cavalry ibrce of the enemy (about fifty men) before crossing the 
river, into which they were pressed aud plunging, the cavalry and a 
portion of the infantry rushed Avithin range of a battery of eight guns 
posted on the opposite bank and of a mass of sharpshooters posted in 
a house. In addition to the loss of several excellent men, we mourn 
the loss of a brave soldier and elegant gentleman in Captain Pratt, First 
Massachusetts Cavalry, and the wounding of an excellent and promising 
young officer of the Twelfth | Fourteenth] TJ. S. Infantry, Lieutenant 
Perry. The enemy displayed on the opposite bank of the river one 
regiment and a half of infantry, a mass of sharpshooters in a house, 
aud fifty cavalry, independent of the eight pieces of artillery. After 
the party was withdrawn I saw froin the mountain top five large regi- 
ments, with more in rear, coming to the support of the first-mentioned 
command. I also saw ambulances approaching to carry off their 
wounded. From the mountain top I saw one large camp near Berry- 
ville and immense smokes toward Winchester. At Ashby's Gap, 
very heavy and extensive smokes, and in the gap opposite Trap, exten- 
sive smokes find increasing rapidly. From reports, a part of which I 
forwarded and the remainder 1 inclose, I learn that numerous wagons 
have been seen during the day moving toward Ashby's Gap and Front 
Royal and from Bunker Hill toward Winchester, and fires have been 
springing up along the roads running south, as if from parties iu motion 
southward. The same was noticed last night. The inclosed dispatches 
are of some interest. 

I examined the ridge road for some two miles aud a half, and now 
have a party examining, with directions to ascertain the extent of the 



•Signal dispatches not found. For Sykes to Porter, sen Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 540. 



Chap. I,XIII.j COKRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 919 

fires at tlie gaj) between this aucl Trap and the force. The road is nar- 
row, as also the ridge, practicable with dilticulty for artillery (as far as 
1 went), and I hear from a citizen that is so as far as the gap and prob- 
ably so as far as Ashby's Gap. The hilltop is at intervals open and 
woody and intersected with ravines. The road and country is practi- 
cable for cavalry and infantry as far, I presume, as Ashby's Gap. Your 
dispatch of 1.30 p. in.* was received during my absence, and a copy at 
once sent to Colonel Couch. The receipt is acknowledged and just 
received from him, two miles this side of Upperville, in camp. A de- 
serter now in my possession gives the accompanying statement, which I 
condense while it is being written up: Longstrcet's command left one 
week since, and is believed to have gone to the Kappahannock or Kapi- 
dan ; at all events he is at or beyond Front lloyal and Piedmont. D. H. 
Hill, of Jackson's corps, left Woodville at 12 yesterday for Middleburg; 
got within three miles of Upperville, and fell back to Ashby's Gap, post- 
ing one brigade on Lo.st Mountain, one on opposite side of road, and 
two farther back in the gap. The trains ((juartermasters and ordnance) 
were turned back and to the south. The baggage wagons were to move 
to-day (probably those seen by us). A. P. Hill's division is at Berry- 
ville. The remainder of Jackson's force had not yesterday left vicinity 
of Bunker Hill. (We must have seen some in motion to day.) Walker's 
division followed Longsti'eet, and is beyond his hearing. If Ashby's 
Gap is carried and Hill whipped, Jackson will be cutoff'. All feel con- 
fident of success. Men badly shod and indifferently fed. Men believe 
the line of the Itappahannock or Ifapidan is to be held and this partof 
the country abandoned. Stuart lost two pieces yesterday, owing to 
pickets failing to report; we occupied a place he did the day before. 
Our battery killed all the horses. The road from Ashby's Gap to Trap 
is almost impassable. Will send him down to-morrow. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

■ F. J. POETEK, 
[10.1 Major- General, Comniandinr/. 



HEADyUAKTEKS PlFTH ARMY COKPS, 

November 3, 1862. 
General Sykes, 

Commanding, ISnicker''s Gap: 

Dispatch, inclosing one from General Tyler of 11 a. m., received.t 
Information from the gaj) opposite Woodgrove tends to show the enemy 
retiring and covering the fords to prevent injury. If after examining 
the ground you conclude it safe or proper to put artillery (if it can be 
done) to help the enemy on their course, act on your own judgment. 
Yours, truly, 

P. J. POETEE. 

.IPJ.I 



Snickersvillk, Va., November 3, 1862 — 12 m. 

General A. A. Humphreys, 

Commanding Division : 

General: The enemy are moving trains southward and have posted 

troops at every ford and ferry ; those opposite Snicker's Gap, in large 

numbers, apparently acting on the defensive. Such gathering of force 

may be designed to defend the fords of the Shenandoah, as it has been 

» ««.« Vnl \-T\' Part II. 11. 539. t See Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 540. 



920 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXin. 

asserted that they so intended. Information has been received show- 
ing that Ashby's Gap is strongly defended or the ford opposite. An 
attempt will be made to carry it and a reconnaissance will be pushed 
that way to-day from TJpperville. As the ridge directly in your Iront 
is part of the one in which the gap is, General McClellan is anxious to 
have the ridge examined as far as infantry can do so, to ascertain its 
character for infantry and artillery movements. I went about two 
miles on it from Snicker's Gap and found a ridge road, finally branching 
east and west. He desires to know if troops can move along the ridge. 
Can you do anything to get this information? My cavalry are all out 
in front on a reconnaissance, but to-morrow I will be able to push 
beyond where the infantry (if you send out a small party) goes to-day. 
This party may see the enemy's motions if they have a glass and pick 
up their cavalry pickets. I just learn that two or three brigades are 
moving back to Berry ville; I presume relieved of guard at ford. I 
have given you all the news in my possession. 
Yours, truly, 

F. J. POETER, 
[19.] Major-General. 

Headquakteks Fifth Cokps, 

November 3, 1862 — 10 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Humphreys, 

Commanding Division: 
General Porter directs that in case no order shall reach you before 
reveille to move your command, you are to send a party of about forty 
men along the ridge to the Trap road about four miles from this place. 
At this point the general and myself saw fires this afternoon. The 
ridge road is reported practicable as far as Ashby's Gap, and it is at 
this time highly importalit to determine whether or not this is the case, 
since this road will probably be used in the taking of Ashby's Gap 
to-morrow or the next day. This party must move with the expecta- 
tion of meeting some of the enemy's pickets and make their best 
endeavor to capture them. This afternoon the general and myself 
rode along the ridge and met the advance of your reconnaissance with 
thirty men as we returned. This reconnaissance was not pushed far 
enough. Do not make the catching of the pickets an especial object, 
but make the reconnaissance quietly with the view of determining 
whether or )iot the Trap road is occupied by the enemy or not. 
Your obedient servant, 

ALEX. S. WEBB, 
[I'J-] Lieutenant- Goloncl and Chief of Staf. 



Headqxtarteks Akmy of the Potomac, 

Kovemher 3, 1862. 
Maj. Gen. A. E. Buknside: 

General Couch has been ordered to move to Upperville from his 
present position, he now having one division at Bloomfield and two at 
Snickersville. You will please move Whipple's division and the Ninth 
Corps by the most direct roads to the vicinity of Upperville resting 
your right on the pike near that place, and so posting the troops as to 
be able to support Couch at Ashby's Gap, as well as to cover Paris and 
the turnpike from the south. Please order General Stoiiemau to the 
vicinity of Middleburg to comiimnicato with General Schurz who is 
to be at Thoroughfare Gap to-day. Porter remains at Snicker's Gap 



Chap. LXni.| CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 921 

to-day, the oneiiiy being still in the Shenandoah Valley opposite. 
Ueynolds will ocenpy a iiosition near your ])resent position, viz, near 
Philomont, to be ready to support if required. The commands should 
move as soon as i)ossible after the order is received. 

By order of General McClellan : 

A. V. OOLBUllN, 

[19.| Assistant Adjiitanf-dencral. 

Headquarters Army op the Potojviac, 

Bloomjield, Norember o, 1S02 — /i.lO p. on. 
Maj. Gen. A. E. Burnside: 

General : The following dispatch has just been received from 
Pleasonton : 

I have been fighting Stuart all day. He is retreating by Ashby's G.ap, but bis 
train is going the road to Manassas Gap. I don't think there are any rebels this side 
nearer than Manassas. Have seen no infantry to-day. Please say to tlie goncral 
commanding that I shall push a force toward Manassas this evening ; also that Stone- 
man's cavalry should cover Aldie and Hopewell Gap. 

A. PLEASONTON. 

The general desires that you give the necessary order to Stoneman. 
By order : 

A. V. OOLBUEN, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

November .9, 1862—10 a. m. 
Brig. Gen. A. PLEASONTON, 

Commanding Cavalry Brigade: 
General: Couch's corps is ordered to Paris and vicinity to-day; 
Burnside to Upi)ervillc and vicinity; Stoneman to Middleburg; Eey- 
nolds to Bloomfleld and Union. Porter remains at SuickersviUe. I 
would be glad to have you make a strong reconnaissance toward Ash- 
by's Gap, to ascertain whether it is occupied and by what force. If it 
is not, please send a strong party through, to ascertain what is going 
on near Millwood. Having accom]>lished this, or at the same time if 
practicable, 1 would like to have a reconnaissance made in the direction 
of Springfield, Manassas Gap, and Front Eoyal. It may be necessary 
to employ Bayard's force in this expedition; if so you will ])lease meet 
him and arrange lue details. As soon as possible some cavalry, iier- 
haps Stoueman's, should occupy "White Plains, in order to cover tlie 
Hopewell Gap. Headquarters will probably be at Bloomlield to-night. 
Some of the enemy are in sight from Snicker's Gap, near Berryville, 
and this side of it. Wagon trains visible. 
Truly, yours, 

G. B. MoOLELLAiSr, 
[19.] Major- General, Commanding. 

Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

November 3, 1802 — 11 p. m. 
General S. P. Heintzelman, or 
OoMMANDiNci Officer Defenses op Washington, 

Washington, D. C: 
General McOlellan desires that Price's brigade of <'.avalry be ordered 
to report at once to General Bayard, wlio is now in the vicinity of 



922 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. I.X11I. 

Middleburg, Va., and tliat Beardsley's brigade of cavalry be directed 
to picket in front of Washington. Please acknowledge. 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant-General, 



Headquarteks Aemy of the Potomac, 

Ashby's Gap, November 4, 1862 — o'p. m. 

His Excellency the Pkesident: 

We hold Ashby's Gap; our cavalry advance is at Piedmont, on 
Manassas Gap Railroad. 

GEO. B. McCLELLAN, 

[19.] Major -General, Commanding. 



Headqitaeteks Army op the Potomac, 

November 4, 18G3. 
Brig. Gen. J. F. Reynolds, 

Commanding First Corps : 
General McClellan directs that you move your corps at 9 a. m. to- 
morrow, on the road from Millville to Rectortown, and take position 
between Rectortown and White Plains. General Burnside will move 
his command early iii the morning, and take the line from Piedmont to 
Salem. General Franklin will take position on the Aldie pike east of 
Up[)erville. Headquarters tomorrow niglit will be on the road from 
Millville to Rectortown, near Rectortown. Generals Couch and Porter 
will remain where they are tomorrow. 

A. V. OOLBURN, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



General Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 

No. 32. \ Camp near Bloomfield, November 4, 1862. 

The troops of this corps will move to-morrow mornifig as follows : The 
First Division (Doubleday's) will march at 9 o'clock by way of Millville 
to Rectortown and take post with its right at that point, its left extend- 
ing in the direction of White Plains. The Second Division (Gibbon's) 
will follow in rear of the First and take position on its left. The Third 
Division (Meade's) will march at 9 o'clock to White Plains, by way of 
Middleburg, and take position with its left at the former place and light 
in the direction of Rectortown. The road will be given to the artillery, 
and the infantry to march alongside as much as possible. General 
Burnside's position will be from Piedmont to Salem. 

[19.] JNO, F. REYNOLDS. 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 

No. 4-4. ] Camp near Furcellville, November 4, 1802. 

******* 

III. Brig. Gen. John Gibbon, First Division, will assume command 
of the Second Division of this corps, lately commanded by General 
Ricketts. 

By order of Brigadier-General Reynolds: 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 

[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 923 

Headquaeters First Division, First Corps, 

November i, 1862. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Hofmann, 

Commanding Second Brigade: 
Colonel: The general is very happy over your success and con- 
gratulates you and your command. He directs that you remain until 
the division comes up. We are expecting to move to-day. 
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. P. HALSTED, 
[19. J Captain and Assistant Adjtitant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

November 4, 1862 — 8.45 p. m. 
Maj. Gen. D. N. Couch, 

Commanding Second Corps : 
General: The commanding general desires you to remain for the 
present with your corps in the position now occupied by it, watching 
carefully Ashby's Gap. You will, however, please keep your command 
in readiness to march south should orders be given for such a move- 
ment. The general directs me to say that no more wagon trains will 
be sent to the Potomac, and that trains now on the way from that river 
will be brought up as soon as possible. Supplies will hereafter be 
obtained by Orange and Alexandria and Manassas Gap Eailroads. 
I am, general, &c., 

GEO. D. EUGGLES, 
[19.1 Colonel and Assistant Chief of Staff: 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

November 4, 1862 — 2.45 p. m. 
Major-General Porter, 

Commanding Fifth Corps : 
General : We have possession of Ashby's Gap ; there is no evidence 
of any enemy in force in front of it. Tlie commanding general directs 
me to say that if there is no enemy in front of you at Snicker's Gap 
and vicinity, he desires you to withdraw the Forty-fourth New York 
and other troops of your corps and to move to vicinity of Upperville 
to-morrow, unless you receive further orders. If you deem best you 
will leave one or two regiments or a brigade at Snicker's Gap, to be 
withdrawn hereafter. Please send a staff officer or orderly to head- 
quarters this afternoon with a report of the condition of aii'airs in your 
front. Send him in time to return to yon before daylight with further 
orders if necessary. 

I am, general, ^ eiy respectful^', your obedient servant, 

GEO. 1). EUGGLES, 
[19.] Colonel and Assistant Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

November 4, 1862 — 7 p. m. 
Col. Georoe D. Euggles, 

Aide-de-Camp : 
Your communication of 2.45 by Major Kirkland is just received. The 
directions to move being based on the supposition that there is no enemy 



924 MD., K. N. 0., PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., &• W. VA, tf:"Ap. LXIII. 

in force opjiosite Snicker's Oap leaves me in doubt of tbe intention of 
the commiinding general to move nic in case he is in force. I have, in 
anticipation that the move Avill be ordered, directed (4eneral Sykes to 
withdraw frouL the gap his division and to post General Tyler's brigade 
for its defense; Sykes then to move liis command to this place prepared 
to march at a moment's notice; Iluniphreys' division to remain here to 
secure the pass, but prepared to move at a moment's notice ; IJutterfleld 
to be ready to move at short notice to-morrow morning, following Sykes. 
My design is, if directed to move, to leave Humphreys here, but to fol- 
loM- the following day. Shall be piepared to carry out the instructions 
returned by the bearer, Captain McQuade. I have trains on the road 
to-night and to-morrow from Harper's Ferry with provisions and cloth- 
ing which could not be obtained earlier. I do not like to leave the route 
unprotected till they return. The force I know to be opposite consists 
of at least five regjiments (large) and a battery of ten guns. These regi- 
ments have been in or near the road to Berryville all day, and the bat- 
tery posted ti) sweep the ford and part of the road on this side of the 
river. The battery relieved a battery of eight guns early tliis morning, 
the latter retiring to a camp behind timber. Four regiments moved to 
the river-bank this morning and the same number were seen to with- 
draAV. The woods into which they went have been full of men all day. 
A large camp (wall-tents, shelter-tents, and A tents, and about twenty 
wagons) has been visible all day and men moving in it. This camp is 
partly in the woods, and has been visible all the tiine. Cavalry has 
been on the road all day in small parties, and the same men on picket 
yesterday returned to-day. These regiments and other p.arties have 
been seen by several persons from difl'ereut points. If the batteries are 
not in position to-morrow morning I shall move without further orders, 
but if tliere I think it imprudent to move without leaving Humphreys. 
If the trains get up, and the commanding general designs abandoning 
this line, Humphreys and the Forty-fourth can join by night march, 
sending the wagons in advance with the rest of the column. The party 
sent to Ashby's Gap along ridge road has not returned. 1 have about 
twelve wounded men, some badly. I expect Captain McQuade to return 
by daybreak, which will be time enough for me to issue the necessary 
orders to move, being prepared.* 

I am, colonel, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

F. J. rOllTKE, 
119.] Major- General, Vommandiwj. 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

No. lOS. ) Ciwij} near SnicJcersville, Va., November ■/, 18(13, 

* * *:= ^ * * -t 

4. Brigadier-General Sykes will at daybreak withdraw his division 
from the ])osition now occupied by it in Snickei-'s Gaji, posting in its 
place, for the defense o| the gap, the brigade of General Humphreys' 
division, now on the Blue liidge, giving to the latter such information 
and instructions as shall govern it until the command of it shall be 
resumed by General Humphreys. General Sykes will then march his 
command to Suickersville, and there bivonac in readiness to march at 
short notice. General Humphreys will resume command of the brigade 

* For reply, see Colburn to Porter, November 5, 1.20 a. m., Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 546. 



Chap. LXIIL] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 925 

posted in Snicker's Gap and will liokl tlie pass, keeping liis division in 
readiness to move at short notice. 

» » * T » * # 

By command of Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter: 

FRED. T. LOOKE, 

[19.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquaktees Akmy of the Potomac, 

BloomficM, November 1, 1862. 
Maj. Gen. W. B. Feanklin, 

Commanding Sixth Corps : 
General McClellan directs that you move your command via Bloom- 
field to Union, as far toward Upperville as you can move without too 
much fatiguing your men. Please report for orders at Upperville, as 
headquarters will be there. 

A. y. OOLBURN, 
[lU.J Assistant Adjutant- General. 



HEAIIQXTAKTERS AllMY OV THE POTOMAC, 

November 4, 1802—10.30 p. m. 
Maj. Gen. W. B. Fkanklik, 

Commandinij Sixth Corps : 

General: The commanding general directs that your command to- 
morrow take positiou 0]» the Aldie pike, east of Upperville. One divis- 
ion will move to its destination via Bloomfleld. He also desires me 
to say that no more wagons will be vseut to the Potomac for stores. 
Those on their way from that river will be brought iip as rapidly as 
possible. Supplies will hereafter be obtained by the Orange and Alex- 
andria and Manassas Gap Railroads. General Burnside's command 
(the Ninth Corps and Stoneman's and Whii)ple's divisions) will to- 
morrow take post between Piedmont and Salem. General Reynolds 
will proceed to-moirow and next day to take ])ositiou on General Burn- 
side's left and rear, extending from Rectortown to White Plains. Gen- 
eral Porter's corps will, on Thursday, move by the Aldie pike through 
Middleburg to White Plains. General Couch will remain to-morrow 
at Ashby's (xap. General headcpiarters will be established to-morrow 
at some point between Millville and Rectortown. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. 1). RUGGLES, 

[19.] Colonel and Assistant Chief of iStaff. 



HEAlX^dlAKTEllH AllilY O^^' THE I'OTOMAC, 

November 4, l,Sfi2. 
Brig. Gen. A. Pleasonton, 

Commandinj/ Cavalry Division : 
General McClellan directs me to say that General Burnside's com- 
mand will move early in the morning and take the line between Pied- 
mont and Salem. Reynolds takes the line in rear and on the left of 
Burnside from Rectortown to White Plains. Couch and Porter will 
remain where they are tomorrow, unless otherwise ordered hereafter. 
Franklin closes upon the Aldie pike. Headquarters will be near Rec- 
tortown on the road from Millville to Rectortown. I'lease push as far 



926 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. fCHAr. LXIII. 

forward as you safely can toward Chester Gap, and the road thence to 
Culpeper Court House, and inform him how much more cavalry is 
necessary to carry out his purposes, bearing in mind what he told you 
to day. Please report as early as possible what Averell's losses have 
been. 

A. V. COLBURN, 
[19.] Assintant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Xovembcr 4, 1862 — 8A5 p. in. 
Brig. Gen. George D. Bayard, 

Commanding Cavalry Brigade: 
General: The commanding general directs you to detach one of 
your weakest regiments to scout to-morrow and next day between 
Upperville and Berlin, and to protect our wagon trains from straggling 
parties of the enemy's cavalry, should such parties make their appear- 
ance in the neighborhood of the roads between thetwo places mentioned. 
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO, D. fiUGGLES, 
[19.] Colonel and Assistant Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

November 4, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. G. D. Bayard, 

Commanding Cavalry Brigade : 
The commanding general directs me to inform you that General 
Burnside's command will move early in the morning, and take the line 
between Piedmont and Salem. Reynolds will take position on the left 
and rear of Burnside, extending from Rectortown to White Plains. 
Franklin will take position on the Aldie pike east of Upperville. 
Porter and Couch will remain where they are to-morrow. Headquarters 
will be on the road from Millville to Rectortown, near Rectortown. 
You will please move with your brigade at daylight to Salem, and take 
a position in front of it, so as to be in readiness to support Pleasonton 
or to move on Warrenton. Please leave a staff officer at headquarters 
to communicate orders to you. It is important that you start at the 
time ordered. 

A. V. COLBURN, 
[19. j Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Fourth Army Corps, 

I'orktown, ]'a., November 4, 1862. 
Major-General Dix, 

Commanding Seventh j\[ilitary Department : 
Sir : It was reported on the night of the 28tli ultimo that a force of 
rebel cavalry was coming down on a raid to Williamsburg. It was 
afterward ascertained that such was the fact, and 800 linely mounted 
rebel cavalry, under Colonel Shingler, approached to within a short 
distance of the town. The Fifth Pennsylvania Cavalry were, however, 
on the alert. They captured a rebel picket five miles out and made 
such dispositions that no attack was made. On Sunday last (2d instant) 
the Fifth captured a lieutenant of the Fifteenth Virginia Cavalry, killed 
his companion, and captured both their horses, some fourteen miles 



CHAP. LXITI.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 927 

above Williamsburg. I report tlie above as an evidence of improve- 
ment, and to say that there is in the Fifth Pennsylvania Cavalry the 
material for a very good regiment. 

I remain, respectfully, your most obedient servant, 

E. D. KEYES, 
[18.] Mqjor-Oeneral, Commanding Fourth Corps. 



Headquakteks Army op the Potomac, 

Gamp near Beetortown, November 5, 1862. 
Mr. ECKERT, 

Washington^ J). C. : 
The general desires that you have the telegraph pushed forward to 
this place as soon as possible, by the railroad line; also that arrange- 
ments be made to repair the line on the Orange and Alexandria road. 
Pleasonton had an elegant cavalry fight to day with a superior force of 
cavalry and whipped them beautifully. Colonels Gregg, Davis, and 
Farnsworth, and all the troops, did splendidly. Davis' horse wa.s killed 
under him. 

COLBUEN, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



General Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 

No. 33. ) November 5, 1862. 

The troops of this corps wUl move to-morrow morning as follows: 
The First Division will march at 7 o'clock as far in the direction of 
Warienton as possible by way of Salem. The Second Division will 
iiose lip and follow the First by way of Salem. The Third Division 
will march at 8 o'clock in the direction of Warrenton by road to the 
west of Pig Nut Mountain. The cavalry will precede the First Divis- 
ion. Each division will send its pioneers in advance to repair the roads. 
The infantry will Jiiarch as much as possible alongside of the roads and 
give the road to the artillery, and leave a sufBcient rear guard to pro- 
tect its train. This order will be habitual. Supply trains will be sent 
to Salem for supplies. 

By order of Brigadier-General lievnolds: 

0. KINGSBUEY, Jr., 

Assistant Adjutant- General, 

P. S. — Bayard's cavalry has been ordered to move to the west of 
Warrenton and gain its rear. Sigel is at Thoroughfare Gap. Burn- 
side's corps moves in the direction of Waterloo. 

[19.1 Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters First Division, First Army Corps, 

In the Field, November 5, 1862. 
[Colonel Hopmann:] 

Colonel: The general is ordered to Eectortown through Millville. 
Join him as quick as yon can. 

I am, very respectfully, yonr obedient servant, 

' E. P. IIALSTED, 

Cantain and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



928 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. (Chap. LXIII. 

Uectortown, you will see by tlie map, lies on the railroad. We are to 
reach it to-niglit if possible. I have your brigade mail. 
Respectfully, 
[19.] E. V. HALSTED. 



Headquaeters Fifth Army Corps, 

Sniclcersville, Va., November 5, 1862. 
Col. George D. Euggles, 

Assistant Chief of Staff: 
Colonel: The only indication of change on opposite side of the 
river apparent this morning is the display of eight additional pieces 
(two separate batteries), which came to vicinity of the ford and are 
posted so as not to be seen from our points of observation. General 
Tyler reports the fires opposite Ashby's Gap as increasing during the 
night. I send my wagon trains in advance to-day suiticiently far to be 
out of the way to-morrow, and at daybreak shall have all in motion. 
The advance will be in immediate vicinity of White Plains to-morrow 
night. A deserter from Ewell's force just in from opposite side says 
Ewell was at Millwood last night, and he was told that Hill (D. H.) was 
on this side of the river near Ashby's Gap. This 11 a. m. is reported 
five battalions of the usual size relieved the enemy's pickets this morn- 
ing and was followed by eight guns. The deserter states Lougstreet is 
said to be down about Culpepcr Court-IIouse. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

F. J. PORTER, 
[19.] Major-General. 



Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

/Snickersville, Ta., November 5, 1863 — 3 j>. m. 
Col. George D. Euggles, 

Aide and Assistant Chief of Staff: 
Your dispatch of 12.15. inst received.* I have previously sent a report 
under the impression headcjuarters had moved. Today eighteen guns 
have been exhibited in front of the ferry, and six are visible. The 
same exhibition of force to-day that we have seen heretofore, vari- 
ously estimated at 4,000 to 0,000 men, and if there is a regular relief 
daily the number is double. After five battalions, of about 400 each, had 
emerged from the woods in front of the ford the woods seemed tilled 
with them. The camp remains the same, with wagons loaded with hay 
and wagons hauling forage to it. Every officer says there is no appar- 
ent change, and reports come from various points and officers from gen- 
erals down. A deserter from Ewell's division (so he says) stated at 11 
a. m. that it was at Millwood last night, and he was told that I). H. 
Hill was on this side of the Shenandoah near Ashby's Gap. He aays 
he came through Trap Gap to avoid Hill. Longstreet, he says, is at 
or near Culpe])er Court-House, but does not know, and Ilill (A. P.) is at 
Berryville. The same report comes from the Forty-fourth New York in 
legard to enemy's apparent force. General Tyler says the fires opposite 
Ashby's Gap increased last night. I have sent mj"^ trains to Middleburg 
(fifteen miles), Humphreys guarding. This is to enable the infantry to 
get well forward to White Plains (twenty-three miles) to-morrow. The 
citizens of Loudoun County (or, perhaps, the Loudoun County Cavalry, 

' See A'ol. XIX, Part II, p. 546. 



Chap. LXin.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 929 

returned through some passes north of us) have appeared on the road 
hence to Harper's Ferry, and attacked one train. They roam the road 
unarmed, but at favorable opportunity resume their arms coucealed on 
the roadside. I have sent cavalry on the road as far as Neersville. The 
command marches at daylight via Mountville, Middleburg, &c., toward 
White Plains. Humphreys will be there: the others close by. I think 
it advisable to warn all messengers against mounted citizeus. 
I am, general, very respectfully, 

F. J. POllTEK, 
[1 1>. ] Major- Oeneral. 



GiiicuLAE.] Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

Gamp near Sniclcersville, Va., November 5, 1862, 

Humphreys' division will march to-day as soon as practicable; take 
the road to White Plains via Philomont, Mountville, Middleburg, »&c., 
and camp to-night betweeu Mountville and Middleburg. To-morrow 
he will move to and camp near White Plains. In order to relieve the 
road to-morrow, all wagons of the other divisions which will not be 
required for the service of the troops to-night will be sent with Hum- 
phreys'traiu under the general direction of the chief quartermaster, But- 
terfield leading. Buttertield will marcli at 5.30 to-morrow, taking the 
same road as Humphreys, and camp as near as possible to liim. Sykes 
will withdraw his commaiul from the gaj) iu time to follow Butterfield 
and camp near him. Unless otherwise directed the trains which do not 
jio to-day of these two divisions will precede their commands. The 
tiain of the Forty-fourth New York will rejoin its brigade early to-day 
and the regiment by dark. No communication hereafter with Harper's 
Ferry, and wagons now on the way must join to-night. 

By command of Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter: 

FEED. T. LOOKB, 

[19. J Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Camp near Bectortotcn, November 5, 18CH — 11.05 p. m. 
Brig. Gen. A. Pleasonton : 

General McClellau directs that you concentrate the whole of Averell's 
brigade with your own and move upon Little Washington and Sperry- 
ville, as it is possible that the infantry and trains of the enemy may 
still be passing through Thornton's Gap. From Sperryville you are 
authorized to move upon Culpeper or any i)oint between that and 
"Warrenton where in your judgment you can be of service. Should you 
be satisfied that there is no large force in Culpeper or north of it, a 
reconnaissance as far as the line of the Eapidan will be of great value; 
in any event it is important to know whether the enemy hold the line 
of the Eappahannock in force. General Sigel reports that his cavalry 
at New Baltimore were attacked by and rejralsed the enemy's cavalry 
and that the attempt was renewed to-day by 1,500 cavalry and four 
guns with similar results. General Burnside will be instructed to send 
to the vicinity of Markham all the cavalry that may be necessary. 
Averell's entire force can be withdrawn without waiting for other cav- 
alry to arrive. Your dispatches of 6.30 and 8 p. m. are this moment 
received. Leave nothing undoue to cut off the enemy's trains. The 
59 E R — vol LI, pt I 



930 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [f^HAp. LXm. 

general gives you carte blanche, provided you do not undiily risk the 
loss of your command. Bayard will be instructed to-morrow to move 
toward Warren ton. When you reach Sperryville the general desires 
that you send him the latest news. He will send infantry in the direc- 
tion of Culpeper as soon as possible, but do not calculate on it. 
Depend upon your own resources. You will be kept fully posted as to 
the position of the troops. 

A. T. OOLBTJRN, 
[19.1 Asfiii^int Adjutant- Gener III. 



HeADQUARTEKS AEMV Ol' THE POTOMAC, 

Vamp 7iear Rectortown^ November 5, 1S62. 
Majjor-General iSiGEL, 

Thoroughfare Gap : 

General McClellan directs me to inform you that the troops are in 
the position indicated in my dispatch of last evening.* General 
Franklin's corps will be in the vicinity of and in front of White Plains 
to-morrow. General Pleasonton, with his brigade of cavalry, met a 
superior force of the enemy's cavalry at Barbee's to-day, drove them 
back, and the last report we had from |him] said that he was following 
the enemy toward Chester Gaj). 

P. S., 11.20 p. m. — The general desires me to add that he has just 
received a dispatch from General Pleasonton, near Sandy Hook, who 
says that he thinks the enemy's cavalry that he defeated to-day are 
going to Warrenton, although tliey made for Chester Gap, and that the 
greater part of their infantry have passed Sandy Hook. He appre- 
hends that they may attempt to strike you a blow near Warrenton. 
General McClellan thinks it may be well for you to look out in that 
direction, although he is in position to give you any support that may 
be necessary. General Pleasonton will probably be thrown in rear of 
Warrenton to-moi"row. 

A. v. COLBURN, 

[19. J Assistant Adjutant -General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Gamp near Rectorvillc, November C, 1862. 
His Excellency A. Lincoln, 

President United States of America : 
I have this minute received a dispatch from General Pleasonton near 
the mouth of Chester Gap.t His information indicates that Jackson is 
there with his force to defend it. Thirty-six of the enemy's dead in the 
tight of yesterday have been found on the field. 

G. B. MCCLELLAN, 
[19.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

Gamp near Eeciorville, November 6, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. H. Haupt, 

Superintendent of Railroads : 

General McClellan desires me to say that we are in possession of 
Warrenton. General Sickles has been directed to jiush troops forward 

•See Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 541. tSeo 11.15 a. m., \ni. XIX, Part II. p. 118. 



CHAP. LXin.] COREESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 931 

to Warrentou Junction, and to cover any working parties that you may 
have on the railroad. The road should be put in running order as soon 
as possible, in order that the movement of the troops need not be 
delayed. 

A. V. OOLBUKN, 
(ly.J Ansistaut Adjutant- General. 



Hkadqxtarters Army of the Potomac, 

November 6, 1862^1.30 a. in. 
Brigadier-General Heynolds, 

Commanding First Corps: 
General,: The commanding general directs you to move your corps 
to-morrow as far as possible in the direction of Warreuton, keeping 
your command well closed up. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. D. RUGGLES, 
Colonel and Assistant Chief of Staff. 

P. S. — If headquarters move tomorrow, they will be established in 
the neighborhood of your corps. 

G. I). R., 
[19. J Colonel, tl;c. 

Headqttarters Army of the Potomac, 
Gamjy near Eectortown, November (i, 1862 — 2.30 p. m. 
Brig. Gen. John F. Reynolds, 

Commandinfi First Corps: 

Your dispatch of 12.30 is received,* and General McClellan desires 
me to say that he has reliable information that General Lee is at 
Gordonsville and that G. W. Smith is at Warrenton. It is said that 
there is no force at Warrenton except cavalry, and there is reason to 
believe that such is the case. General Sigel has been ordered to move 
two divisions to New Baltimore to-day, which will be in position to sup- 
port you. If you require more troops than your own corps to take 
Warrenton, you are authorized to call for any assistance you require 
from any troops iu your vicinity; but you will remain in command of 
all, unless General Buruside should arrive. I send this by a staff officer, 
who will remain with you for the purpose of bringing any communica- 
tion you may have to send to the commanding general. The general is 
anxious that you take possession of Warrentou, provided the enemy 
is not too strong for you to accomplish it. 

A. V. COLBURN, 

[19. J Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

November 6, 1862 — 1.30 a. m. 
Major-General Couch, 

Commanding Second Corps: 
General: The commanding general directs you to move your com- 
mand as soon after daylight this morning as possible in the direction of 
Rectortown and Waterloo. You will please follow General Burnside's 
movement, to support him, if necessary. He is directed to move upon 

* Not found. 



932 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

Waterloo and to occupy that place with at least one division. General 
Reynolds will move today as far as possible iu the direction of War- 
renton. General Franklin will move to-day to White Plains. Geu- 
eral Bayard moves to-day to Warrentoii, to turn it and to gain, if 
possible, the line of the Eappahanuock. General Pleasouton will move 
to Little Washington and Sj)erryville, and thence to Culpeper or to 
such point between that place and Warreuton as he may find advisable. 
General Porter will move to-day as far as possible iu the direction of 
White Plains. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. D. EUGGLES, 
[19.] Colonel and Assistant Chief of Staf. 



White Plains, November fl, 1862—3.30 p. m. 

Col. Cr. D. EUGGLES, 

Assistant Chief of Utaff: 
I have to report for the information of the commanding general my 
arrival at this place and the following location of the troops: Hum- 
phreys here; Butterfield five miles this side of Middleburg (nine miles 
distant); Sykes immediately behind him. The last two cannot get 
farther to-night on account of the trains in advance of them. Both will 
be here early to-morrow. I left Snickersville at 8.30, at which time the 
rear guard was left in the gap and Sykes was getting into motion, trains 
in advance. His report of the appearances on opposite [side] of river 
was " no change." My aides saw their guns and troops this morning. 
The pickets report the rolling of vehicles to the right or left all night, 
ceasing before daybreak. The enemy's pickets were very watchful. 
At 12 m. I was in sight of the gap, and all was quiet; the rear guard 
was coming down the mountain. A Confederate surgeon from Aldie 
applied to me for a pass to Winchester, which he "believed was in our 
possession, and by this time much within our lines." I would not give 
it, and required him to return to Afldie] for three days. His impres- 
.sion was derived from Confederates passing by. Yesterday some 2,000 
paroled prisoners and convalescents were sent uj) from Harper's Ferry 
to join the army. They were (they said) in charge of two officers. 
They straggled and strung from my camp to Harper's Feny. Their 
presence delayed the marching [of] the rear guard. 1 tried to protect 
them and urge them forward, and all masses will arrive safe in camp. 
I bad to turn back to-day wagons going to Harper's Feny for supplies 
from corps in front, and hurry up some behind Snickersville. I believe 
the road is clear, except I am informed that the rebel cavalry have been 
in the woods all the time, and belong to the home guard of Loudoun 
County. Franklin is here with his corps, 1 hear that Eeyiiolds 
marched today. I believe I am rationed for five to seven days with 
bread, sugar, &c., and beef many days longer. 1 send Lieutenant 
Mclntyre for orders. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

F. J. POUTEE, 
1 19.] Major- General, Commanding. 

^VIIITE Plains, November G, 1863 — 5.50 j). m. 
Colonel EuGGLES, 

Assistant Chief of ^taff : 
I avail myself of the opportunity of two signal officers going to 
headquarters to report arrival here, though I did so by an aide this 



Chap. LXIXI.] CORRESPOIfDENCE, ETC. UNION. 933 

afternoon. But lest there sliould be a failure to reach the commanding 
general, I repeat in part my letter of to- day: Humphreys is here; 
Butterfield and Sykes about five miles toward Middleburg; trains 
here ; have five to six days' provisions, and generally four days' grain. 
Nothing new in rear; all quiet. Enemy still the same (apparently) at 
Snicker's Ford. Vehicles were heard running all night. 
Very respectfullv, 

V. J. POKTEE, 
[10.] Major- General. 



WniTK Plains, Va., N'ovemher G, 1862. 
[Colonel ExJG-fiLES:] 

Colonel : I send Lieutenant Weld for orders. All my command is 
up. I notified you of the number of days' provisions the trains (jarried 
or was on hand. It was about all they could carry. I shall have all 
that I can get and lequiro (probably) in the course of a few hours. 
Grain will be scarce. Please send me order, if any there be, in writing, 
relating to movements. 
Very respectfully, 

. E. J. POP.TEE, 
1 1 9. 1 Major- Gen eral. 



Hka])qtiaijteks P^iftii Army Cokps, 
Sniclcr^n Gap^ November (>, 1S62 — 8 a. m. 
(ujneral George Sykes, 

Commanding IHviKion, Sniclccr's Gap: 
General : I shall move on slowly and expect to be witli Butterfleld's 
rear till late to-day. He is all in motion. Monteith has just returned 
from you. Just before the command leaves, please learn if any of the 
enemy's troops have been seen and in what force. I learn about 2,000 
unarmed men were started yesterday from Harper's Ferry for this 
army. Many if not most of them have passed. 1 have sent to hasten 
up the remainder. Please give directions to the rear guard to push 
them up, sending those for Couch to Overton, Buruside on his left, Eey- 
nolds on his left, near White Plains. Cavalry went down the road 
yesterday (300) to look after guerrillas. If I meet them to-day shall 
try to put them in your rear. Wherever you camp to-night, piish on 
early to-morrow, and I will have parties to conduct you to camp. 
From reports received the iuipression exists at headquarters that the 
main force of the enemy has gone south. Their artillery has been 
heard rolling past Ashby's Gap. Please direct the cavalry to rejoin 
to-night, or such portion of it as you do not require for rear guard. 
1 will be near White Plains by dark. 
Yours, truly, 

F. J. POETEE, 
[1!). I Major-General. 



Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

November 6, 1862 — 12.d5 a. m. 
Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside : 

General McClellan directs me to say that Pleasonton has been 
ordered to move in the morning to Sperryville and Little Washington 



934 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXm. 

with his entire command. You will please furnish the cavalry neces- 
sary to watch Manassas Gap from Devin's regiment. The infantry 
brigade sent to-day will remain at the gap until further orders. Watch 
your immediate front with your own cavalry. Bayard has been ordered 
to move toward Warreiiton and endeavor to turn it, and if possible to 
gain the line of the Rappahannock. Btoneman has been directed 
to picket his front with his own cavalry and to connect with Sigel. 
General Couch has been ordered to move toward Eectortown, to follow 
you up and support you. You will please move in the direction of 
Waterloo, occui)ying that position by at least a division to-night, with 
the remainder of your command closed up as much as possible. You 
will draw your supplies from Salem and White Plains. Please send a 
staff officer to headquarters as soon as your command moves. Porter 
has been ordered to move in the morning by White Plains to support 
you. If there is no sign of the enemy at Manassas, you are authorized 
to withdraw the brigade, and to withdraw the cavalry at night. 

A. Y. COLRURN, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Heai)qtjabters Akmt of the Potomac, 

November d, 1862 — 11.45 a. m. 
Major-Creneral Sigel, 

Commanding Eleventh Corps : 
Genekax: The commanding general desires you to occupy New 
Baltimore with two divisions of your cori)s, and to hold Tlioroughfare 
Gap with one division. General Burnside is moving to-day with his 
command toward Waterloo and Warrenton. General Eeyuolds' corps 
is following toward Warrenton. General Couch's corps is following 
General Burnside to support him if necessary. General Franklin's 
corps will move to-day to Wliite Plains. General Porter's corps will 
leave Snicker's Gap and proceed to-day in the same direction. General 
Pleasonton is pushing forward to Little Washington, Sperryville, and 
Culpeper, or some point, if found more advisable, between that place 
and Warrenton. General Bayard is moving on Warrenton to turn it, 
and to gain, if possible, the line of the Eappahannock. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO, D. RUGGLES, 
Colonel and Assistant Chief of Staff. 

P. S. — The commanding general has just received reliable informa- 
tion that General G. W. Smith is at Warrenton, General Lee at Gor- 
donsville, and that a captain is commanding the post at Culpeper. 

G. D. R., 

[19.] Colonel, die. 



Headquap^tebs Army op the Potomac, 
Gamp near Rectortoirn, November (>, 18G2 — 9.30 p. m. 
Major-Geueral Sigel, 

Commandinfi Eleventh Army Corps: 

General McClellan directs me to inform you that we are in possession 
of Warrenton. He desires that you hold your troops in their present 
position until further orders, but bo ready to move on the shortest 
notice. 

A. V. COLBURN, 

[19. 1 Assistant Adjutant-General, 



CHAP. LXin.i CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 935 

Headquakters Army of the Potomac, 

JSTovember 6, 1862—12.30 p. m. 
Maj. Gen. H. W. Slocum, 

Gommandinff Defensen JJarper^s Ferry: 
General: The commauding geneial directs me to inform you that 
from the best information that can be obtained ho is of opinion that 
there is very little force of the enemy remaining in the Winchester val- 
ley. A small force was reported yesterday in front of Snicker's Gap. 
Nothing has been heard from there this morning. The general desires 
you to communicate with General Morell, in order that all the available 
cavalry belonging to your command and to his maybe sent out at once 
to scout toward Winchester, Charlestown, and Martinsburg. Please 
communicate immediately the result of the reconnaissances herein 
ordered. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. D. RUGGLES, 
[19. J Colonel and Assistant Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Catnp near liectortown, November 6, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. D. B. Sickles, 

Commanding Division : 
General McOlellan directs me to inform you that two corps (Burn- 
side's and Eeynolds') are moving on Warreiiton and Waterloo; they 
Avill hardly be able to reach Warrenton to-night. General Sigel has 
been directed to send two divisions to New Baltimore to-day. Bayard 
with his cavalry brigade is moving on Warrenton. Pleasonton with a 
division of cavalry is moving toward Thornton's Gap. The general 
desires that you cover the repairs of the Orange and Alexandria Eail- 
road as far to the front as possible. 

A. V. GOLBUKN, 
Assistant Adjutant- General. 

1\ S. — The general commanding directs me to add that he has this 
minute received reliable information that General Lee is at Gordons- 
ville. General Smith is in command at Warrenton. It is reported 
that there are no troops at that place, except cavalry. The post at 
Culpepcr is commanded by a captain, indicating that there is no large 
force there. 

A. V. OOLBURN, 

1 19. 1 Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of tue Potomac, 

Camp near liectortown, November 6, 1862 — 9 p. m. 

Brig. Gen. D. E. Sickles, 

Manassas Junction : 
General McOlellan directs me to say that we are in possession of 
Warrenton, and he desires that you push a portion of your force for- 
ward to Warrenton Junction and furnish all the assistance in your 
power in repairing the railroad. 

A. V. COLBURN, 
[19.1 Assistant Adjutant- General. 



936 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W,, & W. VA. [Chap. LXJU. 

Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

November 6, 1862 — 1 a. m. 
Brigadier-General Stoneman, 

Balcm : 

The commanding general directs me to inform you that General Bay- 
ard has been directed to move to Warrenton to endeavor to turn it and 
to gain if possible the line of the Rappahannock. You will therefore 
be obliged to picket your front with your own cavalry. Endeavor to 
maintain your communication with General Sigel's cavalry on your left 
and with that of the Ninth Army Corps on your right. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. D. EUGGLES, 
[19.] Colo7iel and Assistant Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Camp near Bectortown, November 6, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. A. Pleasonton, 

Commanding Cavalry Division: 

General McClellan says do your best to hold Jackson in check if he Is 
there, or at Loura [Lnray] if he goes there, but do not lose sight of the 
importance of cutting the Loura [Luray] road, which is a matter of 
great necessity. Reynolds will probably be in Warrenton to-night or 
early to-morrow morning. Please send a party to communicate with 
Reynolds at that point tomorrow morning, but tell them to be careful 
and not get caught, as we may uot gain possession before to-morrow. 

A. V. GOLBURN, 

[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army ov the Potomac, 

Camp near lieetoriown, November 6, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. A. Pleasonton, 

Commanding Cavalry Division: 
The general commanding desires me to inform you that he has reli- 
able information that Lee is at Gordonsville. G. W. Smith is in com- 
mand at Warrenton, and it is reported that there is nothing but cavalry 
there. A captain is in command at Culpeper, so it is reasonable to sup- 
pose that the force there is small. Burnside and Reynolds are moving 
on Warrenton, but will probably not reach there before to-morrow. 
Burnside's right will rest on Waterloo. Sigel sends two divisions 
to-day to New Baltimore. Praukliu at White Plains and Couch uear 
you. 

A. V. GOLP.URN, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

November 6, 1802 — 12.45 a. m. 
Brigadier-General Bayard, 

Salem : 
General: General Pleasonton has been ordered to move tomorrow 
to Little Washington and Sperryville, and thence to Culpeper or any 
point between it and Warrenton^ as he may hud advisable. As soon as 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION, 937 

you are joined by your battery please move in the direction of Warren- 
ton, endeavoring to get to the west of and behind that place, so as to cut 
off whatever may be there. General Bigel reports his cavalry at New 
Baltimore were attacked yesterday by the enemy's cavalry, who were 
repulsed. The attempt was renewed to-day with 1,500 cavalry and four 
guns. The enemy were again driven back. If you are able to gain 
possession of Warrenton and to cut off whatever forces are in front of 
it, at once reconuoiter and hold if possible the line of the Kappahannock 
as far as Kelly's Ford. If you gain possession of the line you will be 
promptly re-enforced by a large force of artillery and infantry. Be sure 
to communicate frequently. Kun no undue risk, but undertake any- 
thing that promises successful results. 

By command of Major-General McGlellan : 

GEO. D. EUGGLES, 

[10.] Colonel and Assistant Ohief of Staff. 



Special Order.] Habrisburg, Pa., November 7, 1862. 

Brig. Gen. Andrew Porter is hereby appointed provost-marshal-gen- 
eral of the State of Pennsylvania. Brig. Gens. 1. N . I'almer and E. 11. S. 
Cauby are assigned to the command of the camps of drafted men at 
Philadelphia and Pittsburg, respectively. 

By order of the Secretary of War : 

L. THOMAS, 

[19.] Adjtttant- General. 



Headquarters Army of Tiiii; Potomac, 

Near L'ectortoum, I^ovember 7, 1862. 
Brigadier-General Haxjpt, 

Superintendent Military Railroads, Washington : 

The commanding [general] directs me to say that Gainesville will 
have to be his depot for all the trooi)S until tlie Orange and Alexandria 
Railroad can be repaired. Please repair the road to Gainesville from 
the junction so that it may be in good running order. The troops 
will be moved down as rapidly as possible to the Orange and Alexan- 
dria road. Please repair the Broad Kun bridge at once, and be ready 
to put the rest of Orange and Alexandria road in order, as far as the 
Rappahannock, as fast as it is covered by the troops. Warrenton is in 
our possession. 

GEO. D. RUGGLES, 

[19.] Colonel and Assistant Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, • 

November. 7, 1802 — 1 p. m. 
Brig. Gen. H. Hattpt, 

Superintendent Military Railroads: 
Your dispatch of yesterday just received. As no cars reached this 
army until 10 a. m. to-day, 1 do not comprehend your statement that 
cars are not unloaded with sufficient promptitude. 

It does not look well for the future working of the road that you 
anticipate accusations of delays that have not yet occurred. The delay 



938 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chai-. LXIII. 

thus far has resulted from the iion- arrival of the cars. Wagou trains 
have been waiting since yesterday morning for them. At 12 m. to-day 
onlv three cars had reached Salem, and eleven White Plains. 

G. B. McCLBLLAN, 
[19.] Major -General, Vommandiiuj Army of the Potomac. 



Headquakteks Abmy ov the Potomac, 

November 7, 1862. 
Maj. Greu. A. E. BURNSIDE, 

Commanding Left Wing: 
General McClellan directs me to say that Piatt's brigade has been 
relieved at Piedmont by a brigade from Couch's corps, and has been 
ordered to join his division by way of Salem, stopping at that point 
for commissary supplies. The squadron of cavalry will have to remain 
at Piedmont until some other cavalry can be found to relieve it. 
General Bayard has been ordered to scout the line of the Rapiiahan- 
nock from Waterloo to the Orange and Alexandria Railroad; and the 
general wishes that, with Stoueman's cavalry and any other you may 
have at hand, you will scout the right flank from Waterloo to Orleans. 

A. V. COLBURN, 
[10.] Assistant Adjutant-Oeneral. 



Headquahteks Army of the Potomac, 

November 7, 186L>. 
Brig. Gen. J. P. REYNOLDS, 

Commnnding First Corps: 
General McClellan directs me to say that General Bayard, with his 
cavalry, has been ordered to scout on the line of the Rappahannock 
from Waterloo to the line of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, and 
that General Burnside, with Stoneman's cavalry and any other he may 
have, has been ordered to scout the right flank from Waterloo to 
Orleans. The general directs that yoti use your cavalry in the best 
manner you cau to obtain information and to keeji your flanks scouted. 

A. V. COLBURN, 
[I'J.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



nEADQTAKTEBS AEMY OF THE rOTOMAC, 

Kovembcr 7, 1802 — 6'.o'0 p. m. 
Ma,ior-General Sttmnek, 

Comtnanding Second, Corps: 

General: The commanding general directs you to move your corps 
to the intersection of the direct road from Salem to the Cat- tail Branch 
of Cedar Run with the Centerville and Warrenton turnpike. This 
movement will be commenced to-morrow and completed the following 
day. The general desires the march for to morrow to be an easy one. 
Upon arriving at the Centerville and Warrentou pike you will please 
encamp your command on the right of it, and on the Cat-tail Branch of 
Cedar Run. General Porter's command will go into camp about the 
same time on the left of the turnpike at the same point. General 
Franklin will move day after to-morrow to New Baltimore. General 
Burnside's command is posted in neighborhood of Warrenton and 



Chap. LXm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 939 

Waterloo. General Reynolds is in front of Warrenton. General Bay- 
ard is ijrobably over the Eappahanuock in the direction of Waterloo. 
General Pleasonton is probably near Sperryville. Your depot for sup- 
plies will be Gainesville until further orders. Supplies from there will 
be obtained by Centerville and Warrenton turnpike. 

I am, general, very respectfuUv, your obedient servant, 

GEO. D. RUGGLES, 
Colonel and Assistant Chief of Staff. 

P. S. — General headquarters will move to-morrow to Warrenton or 
vicinity. I inclose a sketch of the country for reference to-morrow and 
next day. 

G. D. II. 

PP. S. — The general desires me to add that the brigade at Pied- 
mont will follow your command as a rear guard, either by way of Kec- 
tortown or by way of Salem, as you may judge best. The route by 
Salem, however, is deemed preferable. The cavalry of General Burn- 
side, near Manassas Gap, will follow the movement of the entire com- 
mand, and join General Burnside. 

GEO. D. RUGGLES, 

[19.] Colonel, &c. 



White Plains, November 7, l!^G;i — J2 in. 
General McClellan, 

Near liectortown: 
Sykes is in, and reports the enemy tlie same at Snicker's Ferry as 
heretofore. Scouts followed him a long distance off. Stragglers are 
coming in from Harper's Ferry and report a large number there to come 
up from the Alexandria camp ; also wagons. Enemy will certainly take 
a large number, and I recommend cavalry be sent to protect them. 
Mine have been and still are driving the men up. 

F. J. I'ORTEE, 
[19. J Major- General. 



Special Orders, ( Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

2^0. 170. S Gamp near White I'lmns, Ya., November 7, 1SG2. 

# * # IF * * * 

4. This corps will move to-morrow to New Baltimore via Georgetown 
in the following order : First Division (Butterfield's), G a. m. ; Second 
Division (Sykes'), 7.30 a. m.; Third Division (Humphreys'), 8.30 a. m. 
The baggage wagons will move in the rear of Third Division in the 
order of the divisions. The ammunition and supply trains will follow 
in the same order in rear of the baggage trains, tlie oflicers of the cjuar- 
termaster's and subsistence departments procuring such grain and 
subsistence as can be drawn at this depot before it is the turn of the 
supply trains to enter the column. If grain is to be had here it will be 
drawn, and three days' placed in each of the supply and ordnance 
wagons. Supplies will be drawn after to-morrow from Gainesville by 
the pike to Warrenton. A guard will acicompany the ordnance and 
supply trains. 

Bv command of Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter: 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 

[19. 1 Assistant Adjutant-General. 



940 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap, lxiii. 

Headquaetbrs Army op the Potomac, 

November 7, 1862 — 3 p. m. 
Major-General Franklin, 

(Jommanaimj Sixth Corps: 
General: The commauding geueral directs you to move your corps 
day after to-morrow to New Baltimore by way of Georgetowu, so as to 
arrive that day at the first-mentioned place. Your supplies will, after 
leaving White Plains, and until further orders, be drawn from Gaines 
ville by the turnpike to Warrenton. General Porter moves to-morrow 
to New Baltimore, and the following day to the Cat-tail Branch of Cedar 
Run, about one mile and a half northeast of Warrenton, and will 
encamp on the left of the turnpike. General headquarters will move 
to-morrow to Warrenton or vicinity by the direct road. 

I am, geueral, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. D. EUGGLES, 
[1!».J Colonel and Assistant Chief of Staff, 



Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

Jiectortoicn, Noi^embcr 7, 18H2. 
Major-General Sigel, 

Commandiny Eleventh Corps, Gainesville, Va. : 
General McClellan directs uie to say that the disposition of your 
troops, as represented in your communication of to-day, is ajiproved, 
and he desires that they remain so posted until further orders. Gen- 
eral Porter's corps moves to-morrow to New Jialtimore, and General 
Franklin's to the same place the day after. Porter, on the next day, 
will move to the vicinity of Warrenton, and Franklin the day after. 
Couch will move direct on Warrenton to morrow, and headquarters 
will move by the same route and camp near Warrenton to-morrow 
night. 

A. Y. COLBITRN, 
[19-] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
Camp near liectorUnvn, November 7, 1802 — 11 a. m. 
Major-General Sigel, 

Commanding Eleventh Corps : 
General McClellan desires that you send a portion of your cavalry to 
scour the country from Thorouglifare to Snicker's and Ashby's Gaps, 
in rear of the army. Any cavalry that you have in the direction of 
New Baltimore can be withdrawn from there, as there are troops in 
front. 

A. V. COLBURN, 
[19-] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

November 7, 1862 — 6 p. m. 
Maj. Gen. F. Sigel, 

Commanding Eleventh Corps : 
Tour dispatch of to-day received. General McClelliaTi desires that 
you will send a cavalry force, if possible, toward Fredericksburg, to 



CHAP. LXIII ] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 941 

ascertain and report tbc damage done to the railroad bridges across 
Accokeek and Potomac Creeks, and their exact present condition. 

A. V. COLBURN, 
[ly.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



HEAD(JT!ARTEliS AkMY OF THE POTOMAC, 

November 7, 1862, 
Brig. Gen. D. E. Sickles, 

Commanding Division, Manassas Junction: 

General Burnside's corps, together with Whipple's and Stoneman's 
divisions, are in, and in the vicinity of, Warrenton. Two divisions of 
Sigel's corps are at New Baltimore. Porter's and Couch's corps will 
move to New Baltimore to-morrow and Franklin's the day after, and will 
proceed the next day from there to the vicinity of Warrenton. If, as 
you represent, there is a large force at Warrenton Junction, the com- 
manding general desires yon to move very cautiously. The main object 
of your movement in that direction is to cover the reconstruction of 
the bridges on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. Headquarters 
to-morrow night will be in, or in the vicinity of, Warrenton. Your dis- 
patches heretofore have been very clear and have given much valuable 
information. The general desires that you will continue to get all the 
information you can, and will communicate fre(juently and fully. 

A. V. COLBURN, 

[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Headquarters Aemy of the Potomac, 

November 7, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. G. D, Bayard, 

Commanding Cavalry Brigade: 
The general commanding desires that you scout the country on the 
line of the Rappahannock from Waterloo to the Orange and Alexandria 
Railroad and, as far as possible, toward Fredericksburg, and that you 
will push patrols as far as safe on the farther side of the Rappahannock 
to pick up information. 

A. V. COLBURN, 
[19. J Assistant Adjutant- General. 



HEADQUARTER& AKMY OF THE POTOMAC, 

November 7, 1862 — p. m. 
Brigadier-General Bayard, 

Commanding Cavalry Brigade: 
General McClellan desires that you will send a force down the Rich- 
mond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad to ascertain the condition 
of the bridges across Accokeek and Potomac Creeks. Report imme- 
diately the amount of damage done to them and their exact condition 
at present. 

A. V. COLBURN, 
[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Circular.] Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

Cam]) near New Baltimore, Va,, November 8, 1862. 
The command will march to-morrow as follows: First Division, 5.30 
a. Ill • Second Division. 7 a. m.: Third Division. 8 a. m. It will camn 



942 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., &. W. VA. [Chap. LXTII. 

on the left of the road and this side of Warreiitoii on the Cat-tail 
Branch of Oedar Run, as represented in the acconipauyiug sketch,* and 
each command will camp in the order named above, right toward 
"Warreutou. The particular portion of ground assigned to each division 
will be designated by an ollicer of the sTafi'. The baggage trains of 
each division will follow in the order named in rear of the whole; the 
supply trains Avill follow the rear baggage train and in the order of the 
divisions. 

The commands must be prepared for a longer march, as circumstances 
may compel it. Headquarters will be at Mr. Horner's house, to the 
right of Butterlield's division. 

By command of Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter: 

FEED. T. LOCKE, 

[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



GlROTILAR.] HEADQUAKTEES FIFTH ArMY CORPS, 

Novemher 8, 1862 — 8 j^. >». 

Instead of moving as directed in circular of this afternoon, the First 
Division will march at 6 a. m. ; Second Division will march at 8.30 a. m. ; 
Third Division will march at 10 a. m. Each division will be followed 
by its train, which, if in the way of the rear division, will be required 
to take the right of the road. The troops will take to the fields on the 
left of the road. The camps and wagons will be on the left of tlie road. 
The right of the road is assigned to Sumner's corps. Kvery effort must 
be made tomorrow to procure sui^plies (forage and provisions), which 
can be obtained at Gainesville. 

By command of Maj. Gen. F. J. Porter: 

FEED. T. LOCKE, 

[19. J Assistant Adjutant-General. 



CiRctTLAR.] Headquarters Sixth Corps, 

Noremher 8, 1862. 

The Third Division (General jSTewton commanding) will march at 6.30 
a. m. to-morrow, proceeding by the Georgetown road to New Baltimore, 
where it will halt. The First Division (General Brooks commanding) 
will follow the division of General Newton to the same point. The 
Second Division (General Smith commanding) will march at 7 a. m. on 
the Warrentoii road to the same point. 

By command of Major-Geueral Franklin : 

O. D, GEEENE, 

[19.] Assistant Adjutant-General and Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

November 8, 1862—4.50 p. m. 
Major-General Sigel, 

Commanding Eleventh Corps : 
General : The commanding general directs you to occupy Thorough- 
fare Gap with one division, and Hopewell and Aldie with a brigade at 
each place. Tlie rest of your corps will remain as now posted. He 

* Omitted. 



OHXP. LXm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 943 

also directs you to keep your cavalry well out, and to vscout thoroughly 
from your position to Leesburg on the right and to General Heintzel- 
man's troops on the left. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. 1). RUGGLES, 
[19. 1 Colonel and Assistant Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Fourth Army Corps, 

Yorlctown, Va., November 8, 1862. 
Brigadier-General Kaglee, 

Commanding Brigade : 

General: The major-general commanding the Fourth Army Corps 
has instructed me to inform you that he has this day left Yorktown on 
leave of absence for two weeks, and that during his absence you will 
assume command of all the forces at Yorktown, Williamsburg, and 
Gloucester. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

C. C. SUYDAM, 
[18.] Lieutenant-Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, i Hdqrs. First Division, First Corps, 

S"o. 155. ) November !>, 1863. 

3. Col. W. P. Wainwright, Seventy-sixth New York Volunteers, liav- 
ing reported for duty, is hereby assigned to command the Second 
Brigade of this division, now commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Hof- 
mann. 

By command of Brigadier-General Doubleday : 

E. P. HALSTED, 

[19.] Captain and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Ninth Army Corps, 
OasMns' Mill, Ya., November .9, 1863 — 5.4') p. m. 
Major-General Parke, 

Chief of Staff, Army Headquarters : 
General: Nothing further received from General Pleasonton. 
Whipple's scouts report no signs of the enemy's cavalry toward Flint 
Hill, &c., to-day. The signal officers have been trying all day to estab- 
lish communication, but fail to attract attention to their flag, although 
they see the one near Warreuton distinctly. They will try to-night. I 
respectfully inclose copy of the orders to General Sturgis, hoping they 
will be approved. Have picketed a regiment between camp and Mil- 
ler's Ford and toward Orleans to supply the place of Sturgis' division. 
Have also desired General Stoneman to furnish further assistance to 
Pleasonton or Sturgis if they require it. Forage in the neighborhood 
used up. Can I send wagons ten miles for it to-morrow 1 
Very respectfully, 

O. B. WILLCOX, 
Brigadier- General, Commanding Corjjs. 



944 MD., E, N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXm. 

[Inclosure.] 

Headquaeters Ninth Army Corps, 

OasUns' Mill^ Va., November .9, 1862. 

Brigadier-General Sturgis, 

Commanding Second Division: 

General: By direction of the general cominanding I send you here- 
with a copy of General Pleasonton's dispatch.* You will ])lease pro- 
ceed with the least possible delay with the remainiug brigade and 
artillery of your division and assume command of your whole division, 
so co-operating with Genera) Pleasonton as will enable him to carry 
out his instructions. You will send the two regiments at Amissville 
to join General Ferrero at Jefferson. The general commanding relies 
upon your prompt and efficient services in this matter, as an important 
movement is pending. You will not wait for your wagons, but leave 
directions for them to follow with a rear guard. 
I am. general, very respectfully, 

EOBT. A. HUTOHINS, 

[19.] Captain and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headcjxtarters Ninth Army Corps, 

QasMns' Mill, November 9, 1862. 
General Pleasonton, 

Gommandiny Cavalry Brk/ade : 
General: Your dispatch is received.* In accordance with your 
wish I have ordered General Sturgis to Amissville with his other 
brigade and two batteries. He is directed to assume command of the 
division and co-operate with you, so as to enable you to carry out your 
instructions. He will send the two regiments at Amissville to Jefl'er- 
son. Should you need further assistance, send a dispatch to me through 
General Stoneman at Waterloo, who has thrown a bridge over the river 
at that place. 

I am, general, very respectfully, 

O. B. WILiiOOX, 
[19.] Brigadier- General, Commanding Ninth Army Corps. 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 

No. 48. \ November 10, 1862. 

II. Upon being relieved by Brig. Gen. C. C. Augur from, the com- 
mand of the First Division of this corps, Brig. Gen. A. Doubleday will 
resume command of his old brigade. 

******* 

By command of Brigadier-General lieynolds : 

C, KINGSBUEY, Jr., 
[19,] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



General Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 

No. 38. 1 Near Warrenton, November 11, 1862. 

II. The troops of this corps will move at 11 a. in. to-day. The Third 
Division will inarch to Fayetteville and take position at the cross-roads ; 

* See 6.30 a. m., Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 118. 



Chap. LXIIl.) CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 945 

the Second Division will march to Bealeton and take position there; 
the First Division will inarch to Fayetteville and take position at that 
place. 

[By command of Brigadier-General Reynolds : 

C. KINGSBUKY, Jr., 

[19.] Asuistant AilJutant-Genei-al.] 



Headquarters Fifth Cours, 

November li\ 1^^('>3. 
Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker, U. S. Army, 

^Varren Hotel, Warrenton, Va.: 
GENEBAi: In compliance with what seems to be an order from the 
President of the United States, received from you this morning, I have 
the honor to state that I will be prepared to turn over the command of 
the Fifth Army Cori)S to you at 12 m. to-day, at Avhich hour the division 
commanders of the corps will be present at these headquarters. 
I remain, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

F. J. POUTER, 
[19.] Commanding. 



Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 
Gamp near Warrenton, Va., November 12, 1862. 

Brigadier-General Butterfibld, 

Commanding Division : 
General: The commanding general desires your ]iresence at these 
headquarters at 12 m. to day to meet Major-General Hooker, who will 
then assume the command of the Fifth Army Corps. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

JOHN F. McQUADE, 
Captain and Aide-de-Camp. 

(Same to Generals Sykes and Humphreys.) 

[19-] 

General Orders, ) Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

No. 1. ) Camp near Warrenton, Va., November 12, 1862. 

In obedience to the orders from the President of the United States, 
dated War Department, November 10, 1862,* the undersigned assumes 
command of the Fifth Corps of the Army of the Potomac. The fol- 
lowing-named officers are announced as the staff of tlie major-general 
commanding: Lieut. Col. Joseph Dickinson, assistant adjutant-general; 
Maj. William H. Lawrence, aide-de-camp; Capt. William L. Candler, 
aide-de-cam]); Capt. Alexander Moore, aide decamp; Capt. Barry 
Russell, aide-de-camp; Lieut. Col. J. S. Godfrey, quartermaster; Lieut. 
Col. A. S. Austin, commissary of subsistence; Surg. John Moore, medi- 
cal director as heretofore. They will be obeyed and respected accord- 
ingly. All orders and regulations for the government of the corps will 
continue in force until further orders. 

JOSEPH HOOKER, 

[19.] Major-General. 



*See Vol. XIX, Part II, p. 569. 
60 R R— VOL LI. PT I 



946 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Hhap. lxtu. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

Novemher 15, 1862. 
General D. P. "Woodbury, 

Engineer Brigade, near Navy- Yard, Washington : 
General Burnside wishes to liave the second pontoon train sent by 
water to Aquia Greek, as proposed by General Halleck. 

G. B. COMSTOCK, 
[21.] Lieutenant of Engineers. 



General Orders, | Headquarters First Army Gorps, 

No. 41. ] November 16, 1862. 

The troops of this corps will move to-morrow as follows : The First 
Division (Uoubleday's) will march at 7 o'clock, taking the road toward 
Warrenton Junction, and thence following the Second Division toward 
Bristersburg. The Second Division (Gibbon's) will march at 7 a. m., 
taking the road from Bealetou toward Warrenton Junction and thence 
to Bristersburg. The Third Division (Meade's) will march at 8 a. m., 
and follow the First Division, its train in advance, to join the rear of 
Doubleday's train. Gommanders of divisions will instruct their division 
quartermasters to cause their trains to move on the proper routes, and 
to draw up and park off the road whenever there is any halt caused by 
coming up with the troops. General Gibbon will leave an officer at the 
place where the road turns off to Bristersbuig to direct the march of 
the column in rear, wlio will be replaced by an officer from the First 
Division to direct the Third Division. Lieutenant-Colonel Douty, First 
Maine Gavalry, will report with his regiment (except such portion as is 
now on duty at headquarters) to General Bayard, who is charged with 
covering the flank and rear of the column. General Gibbon will take 
the brigade of General Taylor with his division, directing its trains to 
move in advance of the brigade until it joins the column. 

By order of Brigadier-General Reynolds: 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 

[21.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Generai, Orders, ) Hdqrs. 3d Corps, Army of the Potomac, 

No. 1. \ November 16, 1862. 

I. By virtue of General Orders, No. 184, paragraph lY, dated head- 
quarters Army of the Potomac, near Warrenton, Ya., November 14, 
1862, the undersigned hereby takes command of the Third Corps, Army 
of the Potomac. 

II. The following officers are announced as having been selected to 
fill the positions on the staff of this corps, viz: First Lieut. A. J. 
Alexander, Third Cavalry, acting assistant adjutant- general; Capt. 
W. E. Morford, assistant quartermaster of volunteers, chief quarter- 
master; Surg. George L. Pancoast, medical director; First Lieut. E. Y. 
Sumner, First Cavalry, senior aide-de camp, 

III. The command of the First Division will, until further orders, 
devolve upon Brigadier-General Birney, volunteers. 

GEORGE STONEMAN, 
[21.J Brigadier-General of Volunteers, Commanding Corps. 



Chai-. LXIII.) correspondence, ETC. UNION. 947 

HDyES. Fifth Army Corps, Ar3iy of the Potomac, 

Camp near Warrenton, November 16, 1862. 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton, 

Commanding Cavalry : 
General : I am informed by Major-General Hooker, commanding 
Center Grand Division, that a portion of your command will cover the 
advance of tbis corps to morrow. The head of the column will leave its 
present encampment at 5 a. m. The rear, General Sykes' division, will 
be in motion at 8,30 a. m. I have ordered General Sykes, who will com- 
municate with you. As General Sykes has very few mounted orderlies 
at his disposal, 1 would request you to send to him. His camp is on 
the turnpike about a mile from Warrenton toward New Baltimore. 

DANL. BUTTERFIELD, 
[21. J Brigadier General, Commanding Corps. 



General Orders, ) Hdqrs. First Div., 5th Army Corps, 

No. 1. j November 16, 1862. 

In accordance with General Orders, No. 1, headquarters Fifth Army 
Corps, the undersigned assumes command of the First Division. Col. 
J. B. Sweitzer, Sixty-second Pennsylvania Volunteers, will assume 
command of the Second Brigade. The following statt officers are 
announced and will be obeyed and respected accordingly. Capt. C. B. 
Mervine, assistant adjutant general; Capt. A. C. Weeden, acting 
assistant quartermaster; Capt. George A. Batchelder, acting division 
ordnance officer; First Lieut. C. H. Eoss, aide de-camp; First Lieut. 
T. C. Case, aide-de-camp. 

By command of Brig. Gen. Charles Griffin : 

C. H. BOSS, 

[21. J Lieutenant, Aide-de-Gamp, and Actg. Asst. Adjt. Gen. 



General Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corpk, 

No. 42. ) November 17, 1862. 

The divisions of this corps will move forward to-morrow morning at 
8 o'clock punctually. 
By order of Brigadier-General Reynolds : 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 
1 21. 1 Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Third Corps, Army of the Potomac, 

Near Fayetteville, Va., November 17, 1862 — 10.30 a. m. 

Brigadier-General Pleasonton, 

Commanding Cavalry : 
General: By direction of the general commanding this grand 
division, 1 have the honor to report to you that the rear of my corps 
will leave the vicinity of Warrenton about 11.30 a. ni. We have been 
detained by bad roads. I would suggest that you keep the line of the 
Northern Branch of the Rappahannock well scouted by your cavalry, 
and beg that you will give me the earliest information of the presence 
of the enemy on our right flank, as the line is unavoidably much 
extended, owing to bad roads. Any information you may receive of 



948 MD., K. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. IChap. lxiii. 

interest to myself will be thankfully received. Please acknowledge 
receipt of this by bearer, with any suggestions you may think proper to 
make. 

]?especttully, &c., GEOliGE STOjSTEMAN, 

|lil.J Brigadier- General, Commanding Corps. 



Hdqrs. Fifth Akmy Corps, Akmy of the Potomac, 

Encamped at Warrenton Junction, November 17, 1SG2. 
General Sykes: 

General : Griffiu camps about two miles below here on Elk Run 
road crossing. Humphreys camps here east of the Orange and Alex- 
andria road, near where you camped when here before. Would like to 
have you get your trains over across the railroad and parked for the 
night, camping west of the railroad station on the run that crosses the 
road just before you get to the station, or near enough thereto for water. 
We move to morrow toward Spotted Tavern. See McDowell's map. 
I am, very respectfully, yours, &c., 

H. W. PEKKINS, 
[21.] Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Hdqks. Fifth Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, 

Near Doctor iSumac''s House, November 17, 1863. 
General Sykes : 

General : Inclosed is a rough sketch from the McDowell map, which 
will show you where we are to camp tomorrow night, and your route 
and the route of Griffin and Humphreys. A guide will be sent you ab 
6 a. m., an orderly from Fifth Regiment Cavalry, who has been sent 
out to find a short cut to Weaversville. There is said to be a road to 
the right of the road through Bristersburg, said to be a better road. 
If you prefer you can move on one with your troops, the other with 
your wagons. Stoneman will be at Bealeton to-night and Morrisville 
tomorrow night. Pick iip all the forage you can to-morrow before you 
start at the station; two car-loads were ordered set apart for you this 
afternoon. 

Yours, 

BUTTERFIELD, 

[Ul.J Brigadier -General, Commanding Fifth Corps. 



Hdqrs. 1<'iftii Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, 

November 17, 18(iL>. 
Brigadier-General Griffin, 

Commanding ISecond Division : 
Inclosed is a rough tracing from tlie McDowell map, showing you 
where to camp to morrow night. Humphreys will start at same time 
you do, and it will require you to be i)rompt to keej) out of his way. 
Sykes takes the other road. Stoneman should be at Bealeton to-night 
and Morrisville to-morrow night. If you run on the Ninth (Willcox's 
corps) double up your train in fields, and double up your brigades to 
clear room for Humphreys. I shall probably move down to Bristers- 
burg to headquarters Spotted Tavern or below. 

[21.1 ' BUTTERFIELD. 



chap. lxiit.] correspondence, etc. union. 949 

Hdqrs. Fifth Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, 

November 18, 1862. 
Brigadier-GeDeral Sykes, 

Commanding Division : 
General : General Butterfield directs ine to say that General Hum- 
pLreys in Lis movements to morrow will take the road indicated by the 
red dotted lines on inclosed sketch; the road will therefore be clear for 
you. If you can start your trains earlier than the hour mentioned in 
the orders for march without trouble, he prefers that you would move 
them any time after 8 o'clock and before 9. He will be at Hartwood 
Church to locate your camp, and desires that a staff oflicer may be at 
the head of your train Avhen it arrives at Hartwood Church. 
I am, very respectfully, yours, &c., 

H. W. PERKINS, 
Actinf/ Assistant Adjutant- (ieneral. 

P. S. — As Stoneman's corps will be getting close in that vicinity 
about noon, it will be well to get your trains parked and ground selected 
before his arrival. 

[21.1 



Hdqrs. Fifth Army Corps, Army op the Potomac, 

November 18, 18(!2. 
Brigadier-General Humphreys, 

Commanding Division : 
General: General Butterfield directs me to say that you will move 
by the route which Captain Sterling (Seventh Ohio Volunteers), of 
General Tyler's staff, has examined to the vicinity of Hartwood Church, 
at the hour mentioned in the order of this evening. General Butter- 
field will be at Hartwood Church upon your arrival in that vicinity by 
the route indicated, and desires you to send a staff officer there at the 
head of your train, to whom he will point out your camping grounds. 
The general is obliged for the prompt and full report of a communica- 
tion to-day with Generals Pleasontou and Averell. 
I am, very respectfully, yours, «&c., 

H. W. PERKINS, 
[21.] Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 



General Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 

No. 45. i November 20, 1862. 

General Meade will picket with his division from the road coming 
in on his right between his camp and Stafford Court-House over to the 
Skinner's Store road. General Gibbon, witli his division, will picket 
from the Skinner's Store road to Potomac Run, and General Doubleday 
will picket with his division from Potomac Run to the right of Genera) 
Willcox or tlie corps next on his left, all facing north. 

By command of Brigadiex-General Reynolds : 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 

[21.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

General Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 

No. 50. ) November 21, 1862. 

The divisions of this corps will move to the vicinity of Brooke's 
Station as early tomorrow morning as practicable, in the following 



950 MB., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIll. 

order: First, Meade's division; second, Gibbon's di\asion; third, 
Doubleday's division. A sufficient rear guard will be left to accom- 
pany the trains. The provisions on hand will be carried in the knap- 
sacks of tbe men. 

By command of Brigadier-General Eeynolds : 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 

[21.] Aasistant Adjutant-Oeneral. 



Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 
Near Mrs. Henry's House, November 22, 1802. 
Brigadier-General Griffin : 

General: General Sykes is camped near Wallis' house, about three 
miles from your camp, at Hartwood. lie will move at 7.30 a. m. sharp, 
he writes. Have directed him to move at 7 if possible — that is, if 
Whipple is out of his way. Captain Tucker reports that you would 
move at daybreak. I fear you will be delayed by the occupation of 
the road in advance of you, starting at so early an hour. There is no 
haste necessary in your getting here other than that involved in the 
supply question, and you are supplied to the 26th. Take it comfort- 
ably and make your camj) here in fair time, which you will be able to 
do starting at same time with Sykes. Longstreet is said to be at 
Fredericksburg with guns in position. Our pontoon train at Dumfries 
coming by land. Roads bad to Belle Plain. Tlie supply question most 
difficult one put at present. Graze your animals all you can and keep 
a sharp lookout for forage. 
Yours, 

[21.] BTTTTERFIELl). 



Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 
Near Mrs. Henry^s House, November 22, 1802. 
Brigadier-General Sykes : 

General : Move as much earlier than 7.30 as you.can to clear your 
rear for Griffin. The bearer, after going to Griffin, will return to your 
camp and pilot you down here. Longstreet said to be at Fredericks- 
burg with guns in position. General Hooker says indications of a 
large force there, judging by the smoke of camp-fires. I send you Bal- 
timore Clipper of to day. Humijhreys' supply train may be winding 
through your camp to-night. 
Yours, 
[21.] BUTTERFIELD. 



Corps Headquarters, 
November 22, 1802 — 8 a. m. 
Brigadier-General Humphreys, 

Gommandiny Third Division : 
General: The order for tije march of the corps has been counter- 
manded. Your division, being under way, will proceed to the vicinity 
of Henry's house and camp, keeping well toward Potomac Creek and 
the railroad, so as to leave room for the other two divisions, which will 
probably move to-morrow. 
Yours, 

DANL. BUTTERFIELD, 
[21. 1 Bric/adier- General, Commanding Corps, 



Chav. LXlIl.i CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 951 

Special Orders, ) HEADtiUARTEUs First Army Corps, 

No. G2. j Fovemhcr 35, 1802. 

III. Brig, Gen. Solomou Mereclitli, haviug reported for duty at these 
headquarters, is assigned to duty -with the First Division, General 
Boubleday, and will report accordingly for assignment to tlie command 
of the Fourth (or Wisconsin) Brigade of that division. 

By order of Brigadier-General Eeynolds: 

C. KliSrGSBURY, Jr., 

[-1.J Assistant Adjutant- Oeneral. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac, 

Xo. 334:. I Camp near Falmouth, Ya., November 26, 1862. 

1. Brig. Gen. J. 11. Hobart Ward, TJ. S. Volunteers, is assigned to the 
command of the Second Brigade, First Division, Third Army Corps. 

******* 

By command of Major-General Burnsidc: 

LEWIS IIICHMOND, 

[lil.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Charleston, Ta., November 28, 1802. 
Lieut. Col. J. 11. Hall, 

Thirteenth Virginia, Red House: 
Put yourself iu communication with Lieutenant-Colonel Oley, at 
Coalsmouth, immediately. If y<mr forces united, after leaving a suffi- 
cient camp guard, can be at the intersection of the road ten miles iii 
front of Winlield to-morrow, sufficiently strong without risks to engage 
the enemy, do so. If not, keep your scouts well out on that side of the 
river and report anything of importance to these headquarters. 
By command of Brig. Geu. George Crook : 

li. V. KENNEDY, 
[21.] Gaptain and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) Hdc^rs. Defenses of Washington, 

No. 81. ) November 30, 1802. 

1. The following-named troops of this command will be in readiness 
to move at a moment's notice: Col. E. F. Applegate, Twenty-ninth New 
Jersey Volunteers; Col. Alexander P. Berthoud, Thirty-first New Jer- 
sey Volunteers; Lieut. Col. Alexander Douglas, Twenty-second New 
Jersey Volunteers; Maj. F. C. Miller, One hundred and forty-seventh 
New York Volunteers; Col. H. M. liossert, One hundred and thirty- 
seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers; Col. A. E. Donaldson, Thirtieth New 
Jersey Volunteers, now under the command of Colonel Haskin, in charge 
of the defenses north of the Potomac, are to take the advance under 
command of the senior colonel. 

2. Colonel Jennings' brigade of infantry to move next, now under 
command of Brigadietf-General Abercrombie. 

3. Colonel Wright's brigade of infantry to move next in order, now 
under command of Brigadier-General Casey. 

4. The troops are to take two days' cooked rations in haversacks and 

Ji-..« An■.^i:^^ -..n^i/^no 111 H'OtiTinC TT-lfll 1 M(t miin^ltt nf SCI 11 H.l 1 . H.r Til £1.111 111 11 11 1 H flTl 



952 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXHI. 

to each man. They will be governed by existing orders as to baggage 
and transportation. 

5. The senior colonel of each brigade will send a staff officer to these 
headquarters for instructions as to the route and destination. 

0. The troo])S of this coininaiid that have been ordered to move at a 
moment's iiotice will march at tbe followingnained hours precisely: 
Tliose from Colonel Haskin's command at 7 o'clock to-morrow morning; 
those from General Abercrombie's command at 9 o'clock to-morrow 
morning; those from General Casey's command at 12 o'clock to morrow. 

The staff officers from the senior colonels commanding will report at 
these headquarters for instructions as soou as possible. 

By command of Major-Geueral Heiutzelman : 

CARROLL H. POTTER, 

[21. J Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Bleven'J'h Corps, 
Fairfax CourtHouse, November 30, 1862 — 11 j). m. 
Brigadier- General Stahel: 

Commanding Division : 
General: The following dispatch is just received from General 
Burnside: 

General Sigkl : 

Your dispatches of G p. m. and 7.30 p. m. received.* The commanding general 
desires me to tender his thanks to iirigadier-Geueral Stahel, and the officers and men 
of his command, for the brilliant succosa they have achieved. 

JNO. G. PARKE, 

Chief-of-Staff. 

T. A. MEYSKNBQEG, 

[21. J Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

December 2, 1862. 
Lieut. R. S. Mackenzie, 

General i^umner^s Headquarters : 

General Burnside wishes you to select at Banks' and United States 
Fords good positions for batteries to cover crossings at those places. 
One position should, if practicable, be at some distance above, and the 
other some distance below, the ford to be covered, in the woods, if pos- 
sible. Look carefully to the approaches to these positions, especially to 
the upper position at United States Ford. Before the batteries are 
placed in position, if these positions are wooded they will have to be 
cleared up, but a screen of trees should be lett to hide what we are doing 
till the last moment. No work will be done until specially ordered, but 
you should decide on a plan of operations, size of working party, &c., so 
as to be ready to begin at once when the order is given. Get all the 
information you can abDut depth of water and character of fords, 
especially about the approach on the other side of United States Ford 
which seems to cross a canal. 

C. B. COMSTOCK, 
Lieutenant of Engineers and Chief Engineer Afmy of the Potomac. 

I^M _ ' " _ 

* See Vol. XXI, p. 17. 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 963 

General Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 

No. 61. I December 5, 1803. 

The troops of this command will move to-morrow in direction of the 
White Oak Church on the road to King George Court- House as follows: 
The Third Division (Meade's) will move at (i a. m.; the First Division 
(Doubleday's) at 9 a. m.; tlie Second Division (Gibbon's) at 12 m. 
liaih division will send a pioneer party in advance, under an efficient 
oflicer, to repair the road and crossings of the streams. General Meade 
will send out the pioneers of his division this afternoon, directing them 
to camp on the road. All supplies will be carried, so that there will be 
no sending back after them, unless it be for the commissary stores, 
which some of the divisions may not be able to carry. If there are any 
such they will be placed together in one place and a small guard left 
with them. As much forage will be carried as possible. Each team 
will have at least three days'. The brigade of Colonel Gavin will 
remain on the duty it is now on until further orders. 

2. The movement of this corps, as directed in paragraph 1, General 
Orders, No. 01, of this date, is postponed until further orders, but all 
preparations for the march will be made so as to move as soon as the 
road permits. Division commanders will be careful to keep up their 
supplies of quartermaster's and commissary stores. General Double- 
day, commanding First Division, will establish his line of pickets to 
the front, and General Meade, commanding Third Division, his, from 
Accokeek Creek to the river. 

By command of Major-General lieynolds: 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 

[21.] Assistant Adjutant- General, 

General Orders, ) Hdqrs. First Div,, 1st Army Corps, 

No. 105. ) Near Broolce's Station, Va., December 5, 1862. 

General Doubleday having received leave of absence, the command 
of the division devolves upon Brigadier-(Teneral Paul, who hereby 
assumes command. 
By order of Brigadier-General Paul: 

HENRY T. LEE, 
[21.] Lieutenant, Aide-de-Camp, and Act. Asst. Adjt. Gen. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Defenses of Washington, 

No. 86. ) December 5, 1862. 

6. Brig. Gen. E. H. Stoughton'ttaving, in accordance with instructions 
from the General-in-Chief, reported for duty to these headquarters, is 
assigned to the command of the Vermont brigade (Second Brigade), 
Casey's division. He will report in person without delay to Brig, Gen. 
Silas Casey. 

Bv command of Major-General Heintzelman : 

CARROLL H. POTTER, 

[21.1 Assistant Adjutant- General. 



General Orders, \ Headc^uarters Sixth Army Corps, 

No. 45. i December 6, 1862. 

Capt. R. B. Ayres, Fifth Artillery, is hereby announced as acting 
chief of the artillery of the Sixth Army Corps. He will be obeyed and 



954 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIll. 

respected accordingly. Lieut. James A. Sayles will report as soon as 
possible to Oapt. R. B. Ayres, acting chief of artillery of Sixth Corps, 
for duty as adjutant of artillery. 

By command of Major-Geueral Smith : 

(JHAS. MUNDEE, 

I 21.] Major and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special ) Hdqes. Fikst Division, Elkventh Corps, 

Army of the Potomac, 
Ordek. ) December 6, 1862. 

Colonel Wyndham -will remain with his original brigade in Ceuter- 
ville, sending out a detachment of his men to Chantilly and Hunter's 
Mill. Colonel Di Cesuola will inarch early to-morrow morning with 
his entire command, including the First Virginia Cavalry, under Major 
Krepps, to Brentsville, and from there across Cedar Kuu, where he will 
remain until further orders, leaving a strong picket at Brentsville. 

By order of Brig, Gen, Julius Stahel, commanding First Division: 

A. G. LAWEENCB, 

[21.J Captain and Aide- de- Camp. 



General Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 

No. 62. ( December 7, 1862. 

General Meade's division will move tomorrow morning as directed 
in General Orders, No. 61, from these headquarters, dated December 
5, 1862. General Gibbon's division will follow the next day, and 
General Doubleday's the day after Gibbon's, l^^ach division will send 
out parties to find the best roads and crossings and to repair them. 
The headquarters of tlie corps will move with Meade's division to- 
morrow morning. 

By command of Major-General Keynolds : 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 

[^1-] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Hkadqttarters Army of the Potomac, 

December 8, 1862. 
Lieutenant Mackenzie, 

Engineers : 
I wish yon would examine the stone dam a mile above Falmouth 
across the Rappahannock, and see if it is possible to drain the pond 
above either by digging around the end of the dam on our side, digging 
through the dam, or damming it up while enemy hold the other bank 
and report at once. ' 

Respectfully, 

C. B. COMSTOOK, 
JAeutenant of Engineers and Chief Engineer Army of the Potomac 
[21.] 



Memoranda for General Parle. 

Each of the five bridges to be covered by a regiment of infantry; 
commanding ofiBcer to consult officer throwing bridge as to posting bis 
tr<>OTis,and give him any assistance he asks for. At lowest bridge (below 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 955 

Deep Run), in addition to the infantry, there shouhl be one battery of 
light 12- pounders, in addition to the guns from the reserve artillery. 

At each bridge there will be held in readiness one pontoon wagon 
loaded with material for bridge twenty-six feet long, for use of com- 
manders of grand divisions. 

0. B. OOMSTOCK. 

December 9, 1862. 

(Last paragraph erased. Spoke to General Woodbury, who promised 
to attend to it, at General Burnside's tent, this evening, December 9.) 

(21.1 



Headqttarters Fikst Army Corps, 

December .9, 1862. 
Brigadier-Generals Paul and Taylor, 

Commanding First and Second Divisions: 
Generals : The commanding general directs that you move forward 
early to-morrow morning your commands on the road you are now on, 
toward General Burnside's headquarters, so as to be as near up as 
possible to the Belle Plain road, which runs in front of the general 
headquarters and on which General Meade's division is encamped. 
You will send at daylight in the morning a staff oflScer to these head- 
quarters, to whom will be shown your positions. This is not to be con- 
strued as the order in which company commanders are ordered to issue 
the twenty rounds of extra ammunition. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

0. KINGSBUllY, Jr., 
[21.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Memorandum ) Headquarters Sixth Army Corps, 

Orders. ) Camp near White Oak Church, Va., December 9, 1862. 

This command will be held in readiness to march at a moment's notice 
to-morrow. The officers and men will be provided with three days' 
cooked rations, commencing to-morrow morning. A careful inspection 
will be had to-day of cartridge-boxes, and all will be tilled to the num- 
ber of forty rounds. Additional ammunition will be issued to captains 
of companies, who will distribute the same, and before the march to- 
morrow, to their men at the rate of twenty rounds, to be carried in 
pockets. Division commanders will see that their batteries and ammu- 
nition trains are supplied with three days' forage. Subsequent orders 
will be issued as to the disposition to be made of the other trains, of 
the order and hoTir of march, and of the points to take position. 

By command of Major-General Smith: 

CHAS. MUNDEE, 

1 21. 1 Major and Assistant Adjutant-General, 



War Department, 
Washington, D. C, December 10, 1862 — 10,15 a. m. 
Major General Bitknside, Falmouth: 

I beg of you not to telegraph details of your plans nor the times of 
your intended movements. No secret can be kept which passes through 
so many hands. 

H. W. HALLEGK, 
[21.1 General-in-Chief. 



956 Mn., E. N. C, PA., VA., KXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

December 10, 1862. 
General D. T. Woodbury, 

Commanding Volunteer Unginecr Brigade: 

The following order of march for pontoon trains is proposed for to- 
night, to prevent confusion: 8pauldiug's trains for two npper bridges 
to move by Phillips house across railroad to Lacy house; the other 
three trains, Cross' leading, then Magruder's and last Spaulding's, lower 
bridge, to move to position by turning to the left from the suspension 
bridge road a little beyond the Wallace house. Chiefs of grand divis- 
ions wish to get at bridges one or two bays of bridge flooring to take 
with them, and two men with each bay to attend to lashings. 
Very respectfully, 

C. B. OOMSTOCK, 
Lieutenant of Engineers and Chief Engineer Army of the Potomac. 

[lil.J 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

December 10, 1862 — 9 a. m. 
Lieutenant Cross, 

U. 8. Engineers : 
Ton will move your bi'idge equipage from its present position so as 
to arrive at the place where the bridge is to be thrown at 3 a. m. to- 
morrow. You will park your train and send away the teams, and then 
proceed to unload and throw the bridge. You may corduroy that i)art 
of the marsh which needs it before or after moving tbe pontoons over 
it, as you deem best. The bridge will be covered by a regiment of 
infantry. You will confer with its commander as to posting his regi- 
ment, and are authorized by General Burnside to call on him for any 
assistance. You are authorized to confer Avith the commander of the 
batteries as to opening fire if the enemy's fire should be too hot. 
Very respectfully, 

C. B. COMSTOCK, 
Lieutenant of Engineers and Chief Engineer Army of the Potomac. 

[21.] 



General Orders, \ Headquarters First Army Corps, 

J^o. C4. ) December 10, 1862. 

The divisions of this corps will be under arms and move punctually 
in the following order: Gibbon's (Second) division, Meade's (Third) 
division; Boubleday's (First) division, at 3 o'clock to morrow morning 
on the road leading to the river on the leftof (ieiieral Bnrnside's head- 
quarters. Each division commander will have the forge team of one 
of his batteries in readiness at the crossing to take pontoon wagon 
across with tlic battery. The forge will be left at the crossing, where 
it can be sent for when wanted. The twenty rounds of extra ammuni- 
tion required will be issued to-night. 

By command of Major General Reynolds: 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 

[21.] Assistant Adjutant- General, 



CiiAi'. LXllL] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 957 

War Dkpartment, 



■^j 



Washington, December 11, 1862 — 9.34 j>. m. 
Major-Geueral Burnside, 

Falmouth : 
Permit iiie to suggest the importance of pusliiiig re-eiiforcemeiits 
across during the night, so as to be able to resist any attack during 
the nioruing. This seems to me of vital importance. 

H. W. HALLECK, 
[^l.] General-in-Chief. 



Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 
Camp near Frederivlcsburg, Va., December 12, 1862 — 12 m. 

General Sykes, 
General Griffin, 
General Humphreys, 

Commanding Divisions : 

A change has been made in the crossing of the divisions of the Third 
(Stoneman's) Corps. General Whipple's division crosses the right 

(upper) bridge, General the center, and General the left. 

This will not change the dispositions of this corps. General Sykes 
will follow the division of Stoneman's corjjs, whichever it may be, that 
crosses the upper bridge. General Humphieys the center, as above. 
General Griffin the left. General Griffin A^rill be careful not to follow 
General Whipple when he (Whipple) changes position to cross the 
upper bridge. General Whipple's division holds Fredericksburg and 
the bridge-heads. No definite orders are as yet published for our 
movements after crossing the river. The general disposition of the 
Center Grand Division is at present understood to be to support the 
Eight and Left Grand Divisions, or pursue as circumstances may 
require. 

DANL. BUTTERFIBLD, 

[21. j Brigadier -General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Fourth Army Corps, 

I'orktown, Va., December 14, 181)2. 
Brigadier-General Naglee, 

Commanding Reconnaissance, lOc. ; 
General, : The following telegram has this moment (4.30 p. in.) been 
received from Fortress Monroe : 

Major-Geueral Keyes: 

We may want your wUolo force at Yorktown. General Naglee's expedition having 
accouiplisbed the object, bis force bad better be recalled. 

JOHN A. DIX, 

Major-General. 

In accordance therewith the major-general commanding directs that 
you return to Yorktown immediately with all your force. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

C. C. SUYDAM, 
Lieutenant-Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 
[18.J 



958 MU., K. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. IIha... LXIII. 

Washington, December 15, I8(j:>. 
Major-CVeiieral Burnside, 

Falmouih : 
I have seen your aide. Major Goddard. You will be fully sustained 
in any measures you may adopt iu regard to unreliable offlcers. In 
regard to movemeuts we cannot Judge here. You are tlie best judge. 
Auythiug yon may want will be sui)plied as soon as possible. General 
Dix will assist by diversions. AVe Lave every contideuce in your judg- 
ment and ultimate success. „„ ., 

H. W. HALLECK, 
r.,1 I General-in-Chief, 



Hdqrs. Eleventh Corps, Army op the Potomac, 

Stafford Court-House, Va., December 15, 1862. 
Colonel Oesnola, 

Commanding Cavalrij : 
The general directs you to march with your cavalry to Falmouth, 
where you will draw forage and provisions, and march to Hartwood. 
Your picket on Potomac Creek will march at once to Hartwood, leaving 
a picket of ten men at the creek. From Hartwood this picket will send 
patrols to Kichards' Ford and toward ?iIorrisville. (See diagram.*) 
Very respectfully, 

T. A. MEYSENBUP.G, 
[21.1 Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headqitakters Fourth Army Corps, 

YorMown, Ya., December 16, 1862. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Lewis, 

Commanding Fifth Pennsylvania Cavalry: 

Colonel: The commanding general is informed of a threatened 
attack by General Wise upon your command, with the intent to "sur- 
round and capture yon." He desires, therefore, that you will take 
every precaution to prevent a surprise. He desires further that to- 
morrow you send out a reconnaissance (provided your horses are in 
condition) iu the direction of New Kent Court-House, Uiascund Bridge, 
Long Bridge, and Providence Forge, to see if there are any movements 
in that direction. You will please make report to these headquarters 
of the success of the reconnaissance and of any facts that you may 
learn. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

C. C. SUYDAM, 

[21. J Lieutenant-Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Hdqrs. Eleventh Corps, Army of the 1'otomac, 

Near Falmouth, Va., December 16, 1862. 
Colonel Cesnola, 

Commanding Cavalry Brigade: 
The general commanding directs you to march at G a. m. to morrow 
to the camp about half a mile on the other side of Stafiord Court- 
House, with your right wing 100 strong at Aquia and your left 150 
strong resting on Potomac Creek, sending patrols and scouting parties 



Chap. LXJII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 959 

to the west toward Garrison ville, Spotted ville [Spotted Tavern], and 
Hartwood Church. Fifty men will report to Brigadier-General Stahel, 
commanding First Division, at G a. m. to-morrow. 
Very respectfully, 

T. A. MEYSENBUEG, 
Assistant Adjutant-General. 
(See diagram.*) 
[21.1 



Headquaktkbs Army op the Potomac, 

December 17, 1862. 
General D. P. Woodbury : 

As our crossing the river by pontoon bridges and then recrossing it 
iu perfect safety, and directly in the face of a large army opposed to 
us, is among the rarest operations of war, I have thought that a record 
of it on file iu the Engineer Department might not be without interest, 
or perhaps of future use. If you will let me have copies of the reports of 
the different officers commanding bridge parties I will compile such a 
record, and, with permission of commanding general, forward it to the 
Engineer Department.t 

Very truly, yours, C. B. COMSTOCK, 

Lieutenant of Engineers and Chief Engineer Army of the Potomac. 

[21.] 



Headqvautebs Fifth Army Corps, 

December 17, 1802. 
Hon. E. M. Stanton, 

Secretary of War, dec. : 

Sir : I beg leave most respectfully to recommend for i>romotion as 
brigadier- generals of volunteers Capt. S. H. Weed, Fifth Artillery, and 
Col. Strong Vincent, Eighty-third Pennsylvania Volunteers, for gal- 
lantry and good services in the attack of December 13 and the subse- 
quent operations to this date. Captain Weed's judgment, energy, and 
bravery were beyond praise. His merits as an educated and expe- 
rienced officer are well known. He seeks the post of honor and danger 
on the field, and has proven his capacity for the promotion. Colonel 
Vincent has been long under my command, and has by gallantry and 
devotion to duty richly merited promotion. I would ask that these 
officers may be promoted and assigned to duty with me. 
I am, very respectfully, yours, &c., 

DANL. BUTTERFIELD, 

[21. j Brigadier- General, Commanding Fijth Corps. 



Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

Center Grand Division, 

December 17, 1862. 
Major-General SiGEL, Commanding, iScc: 

General : I understood from my staff officer who called upon you 
last evening that you were to cover our right from Potomac Creek in 
front of Stafford Court-House to the river or Aquia Creek. I have sent 
out a strong picket of infantry to connect from your line at Potomac 

* Omitted. tSeo Comstock's report, Vol. XXI, p. 167. 



960 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

Run or Creek to General Sumner's line, on my left. I think this line 
necessary, as 1 learn accidentally that some of the spies of the enemy 
were inside our lines last night. I would most respectfully suggest 
that the line from Potomac Oreek in your front be, if not already done, 
established at once and made very ])erfect to prevent the enemy from 
getting any further information of our movements. You will pardon 
my suggestions thus direct to you, as some delay always occurs in 
communicating through pi'oper channels, and it seems to be most 
desirable that this should be done at once. One of my staff offtcers, 
who is the bearer of this, will ascertain from you where the left of your 
infantry picket-line will reach Potomac Eun, in order that our commu- 
nication may be perfect. 

I am, very respectfully, yours, 

D. BUTTERFIELD, 
1 21.] Commanding Fifth Corps, Army of the Potomac. 



Special Oedees, ^ Hdqrs. Grand Reserve Division, 

v Army of the Potomac, 

Xo. 138. ) Stafford Court-House, Ya., December 18, 1862. 

During my temporary absence Brigadier- General Stahel will take 
command of the troops stationed between Potomac and Ohopawamsic 
Creeks, and will send his reports to the headquarters Army of the 
Potomac. Brigadier-General Steinwehr, stationed near Falmouth, will 
also report directly to the headquarters Army of the Potomac, and 
will send copies of his reports to Lieutenant-Colonel Meysenburg, 
assistant adjutant-general, at these headquarters. 

P. SIGEL, 

[21.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Hdqrs. Eleventh Corps, Army of the Potomac, 

Stafford Court-House, December 19, 1862. 
Commanding- Officer Dumfries: 

Scouts who came in just now report the enemy's cavalry under 
Hampton at Brentsville, where they are said to have had a skirmish 
with our cavalry. One division of the enemy's infantry is reported 
will reach Piieutsville today, and information less reliable mentions 
the whole of Jackson's corps on the march in that direction. Have 
your scouts well out toward Brentsville, Catlett's Station, and Maple 
Valley, and patrol the country with the utmost vigilance in that 
direction. Communicate witli General Slocum and learn from him 
what information he has gained and report the same with your infor- 
mation at once. Send a patrol, on receipt of tliis, to this place with 
orders to report here. Communicate with the forces at Wolf Run 
Shoals by patrols. Please forward all information without delay. 

By order of Major-General Sigel : 

T. A. MEYSENBURG, 

[21.] Assistant Adjutant -General. 

Hdqrs. Eleventh Corps, Army of the Potomac, 

Stafford Cottrt-House, Va., December 19, 1862. 
Colonel Cesnola, 

Commanding Cavalry : 

The general commanding directs you to patrol and scout the country 
from Stafford Court-House and Aquia westward toward Elkton. War- 



Chap. LSni.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 961 

renton Junction, Catlett's Station, and Breutsvillc with the utmost 
vigilance, as the enemy's cavalry is reported to be over that country in 
larjre scouting parties. Send a patrol to Chopawamsic Creek, on the 
road to Purcell's Mill, and three or four miles beyond. Send also a 
patrol to Dumfries, over the Telegraph road, who will report to the 
commanding oflBcer at Dumfries and hand to him the inclosed letter, 
which may also serve for your private information. Close the letter 
after you have read it. 
Very respectfully, 

T. A. MEYSP]]SrBURG, 
Aftsiatant Adjutant- General. 

P. S. — The patrols going toward Dumfries must order all trains to 
thi.s place at once, without mentioning anything about the enemy. 

T. A. M., 
[21.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, Md., December 33, 1863. 
Hon. E. ^l. Stanton, 

Secretary of War: 

Sir : I have to-day reported through the Adjutant-General my as- 
sumption of the command of the Middle Department and Eighth Army 
Corps. In the exercise of a proper courtesy under the circumstances 
toward General Wool, and consulting our mutual convenience, although 
I came here on Friday last, the command was not formally turned over 
until to-day. I iind that up to this time there has been no transfer of 
the troops now at or near Harper's Ferry to this command. General 
Kelley has not reported, and indeed General Wool does not understand 
that his command of any forces along the Baltimore and Ohio Rail- 
road extends farther west than the Monocacy bridge, or perhaps the 
Point of Rocks, nor that this military department as to Maryland now 
includes more than the Eastern Shore and four other counties. I beg 
leave to suggest the projjriety of immediately issuing a general order 
from the War Department defining tlie extent and exact limits of this 
department and command and designating the troops that compose the 
corps.* I am entering upon the discharge of my duties here under 
serious disadvantages from the want of an organized staff. May I also 
request, therefore, that as early action may be had as possible upon the 
recommendations for appointments and assignments which I filed in 
the Adjutant-General's ()fBce on the 18th instant. 

t am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

ROBT. C. SCHENCK, 

[21.] Major-General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, December 23, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. L. Thomas, 

Adjutant- General U. 8. Army, Washington, D. C. : 
Sir: I have the honor to report that in obedience to your Special 
Orders, No. 207, and in pursuance of the instructions of the Generalin- 

* For reply, see Vol. XXI, p. 874. 
61 E E — VOL LI, PT 1 



962 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., &. W. VA. [Ohap. LXin. 

Chief of the Army, I have this day assumed the command of the Middle 
Department and Eighth Army Corps, tlni.s relieving Maj. Gen. John E. 
Wool. I inclose herewith a copy of my first general order, announcing 
myself to the troops of the corps.* I arrived here on tlie 19th instant, 
but consulting the mutual convenience of General Wool and myself, 
there was no formal turning over of the command to me until to-day. 
In the meantime I have been endeavoring, as far as has been possible, 
to inform myself of the condition of affairs in the department and to 
commence some organization of my staff. 

I have the honor to be, general, your most obedient servant, 

ROBT. C. SCHENCK, 
[21.] Major-General, U. S. Volunteers. 



Special Orders, \ Hdqes. Defenses of Washington, 

No. 101. ' December 22, 1802. 

2. The Fourth New York Artillery, One hundred and eighteenth, 
One hundred and fifty-second, and One hundred and sixty-ninth New 
York Volunteers are hereby formed into and will constitiite tempora- 
rily a brigade, of which the senior colonel will assume the command. 

By command of Major-General Heiutzelman : 

CARROLL H. POTTER, 

[21.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Hbadquakters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, December 23, 1862. 
Col. S. H. Allen, 

Commanding at Frederick City, Md.: 

Sir: Your communication of yesterday has been received at these 
headquarters. It is not deemed advisable to increase any force there 
may now be at Frederick City. The regiment now stationed at Monoc- 
acy bridge will be in part removed so as to be stationed and distrib- 
uted for the better protection of the line of railroad and for guarding tlie 
fords on the Potomac. A regiment of cavalry, the Thirteenth Penn- 
sylvania, Colonel Galligher commanding, has been to-day ordered to 
Point of Rocks, and will patrol the railroad and scout on both sides 
of the river. This arrangement will give you more security and pro- 
tection against raids of rebels at Frederick than any increase of the 
number of your troops there. The whole of the State of Maryland 
being now within this department, your reports will henceforth be 
made to these headquarters. The general commanding thinks that the 
title of "Military Governor of Frederick" l^ad better be dispensed 
with. You are probably in command as the senior ofticer stationed at 
Frederick, but not knowing the particular troops now there I am not 
aware of what regiment you are the colonel commanding, nor whether 
of cavalry or infantry. Your returns hereafter will of course explain 
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

WM. D. WHIPPLE, 

["^•] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

* See Vol. XXI, i). 873. 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 963 

Headquarters Fourth Army Corps, 

Yorktoion, Ya,, December 34, 1862, 
Brigadier-General Naglee, 

Commanding Brigade : 
Genekal: The commauding geueral directs that you place your 
brigade, consisting of the Fifty-second Pennsylvania, Fifty-sixth New 
York, Ninety-eighth New York, Eleventh Maine, Eighty-first New York, 
One hundredth New York, and One hundred and tburth Pennsylvania 
Volunteers, in readiness to move by water at a moment's notice. The 
general directs that all details conflicting with the execution of the 
above be suspended. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

0. 0. SUYDAM, 
[18.] Lieutenatit- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Fourth Army Corps, 

YorMoivn, Va., December M, 1862. 
Brigadier-General Naglee, 

Commanding First Brigade: 
General: The commanding geueral desires me to inform you that 
it may be necessary to send the Fifty-second Pennsylvania Volunteers 
to Gloucester Point to night. He desires, therefore, that you will direct 
them to be in readiness to move at a moment's notice. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

C. C. SUYDAM, 
[18.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Fourth Corps, 

Yorktowu, Va., December 2i, 1862. 
Capt. FoxHALL A. Parker, 

Commanding U. S. Steamer Mahaska : 

The commanding general desires me, in acknowledging the receipt of 
your communication, to state that the dispositions of the land forces 
foi' to night (and the prospects for an attack at Gloucester Point) are 
such as to require the May Queen to be at the dock on the other side. 
At the same time he directs me to say that in case of absolute need 
you may call upon Captain Clark for its use, to be returned to him, 
however, as soon as you can possibly do so. 

I have the honor to be, your obedient servant, 

C. C. SUYDAM, 

[18.] Lieutenant-Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Fourth Corps, 

Yorktown, December 23, 1862. 
Col. D. T. Van Buren, . 

Assistant A djutant- General : 
Sir : I deem it my duty to inform Major-General Dix that in view of 
the extent of the works to be defended here and at Gloucester Point 
the force present is not sufficient. The four regiments of conscripts 



964 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

are inadequately armed, and they are so destitute of military instruc- 
tion that no certain reliance can be had in them. If an attack should 
be made, I will do all that can be done with the means in my power to 
repel it. 

I am, very respectfully, your most obedient servant, 

E. D. KEYES, 
Major-General, Commanding Fourth Gorpn. 

Note. — This supposes the departure of Naglee's brigade. 

[18-] 

Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, December 20, 1862. 
Brigadier-Geneial Kellet, 

Cumberland, Md. : 
I will send to-day to Harper's Ferry all the re-enforcement available 
or to spare from here, to wit, six companies of Sixth New York Artil- 
lery from Fort McHenry, two large siege guns, and an independent 
battery, 103 men and six rifled guns. I have communicated directly 
with General Kenly because of the emergency seeming to require it. 

KOBT. C. SGHENCK, 
[21.1 Major- General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, JJecember 20, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. B. F. Kelley, 

Commanding, Cumberland, Md. : 
Proceed immediately on receipt of this to Harper's Ferry and take 
command in person. I do not like the tone of General Kenly's last 
dispatch 5* there seems trepidation in it. 

EOBT. C. SCHENCK, 
[21.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, December 26, 1862. 
Brig. Gen. J. E. Kenly, 

Harper^s Ferry, Va. : 

I understand, through some of the railroad people, that there is a 
purpose of abandoning Harper's Ferry. From all yet communicated to 
me I can see no sufficient reason for withdrawing to the Maryland 
side. You will remember that it is of vital importance to hold the 
position and preserve the bridge, railroad, and public property.t 

ItOBT. C. SCHENCK,' 

[21.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, December 20, 1862. 
Colonel Schoonmaker, 

Comdg. Fourteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry, Hagerstown, Md. : 
You will immediately proceed with your command to Harper's Ferry 
and report for duty to Brigadier- General Kelley from that point. You 

•Probably 7 p. m., Vol. XXI, p. 890. 

t For rnnlv. hrb 1 SO ti m Vnl YYT », »se 



CiiAP. LXiri.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 965 

will march carefully, to save your horses' feet. Horseshoes aud nails 
will be forwarded to Harper's Ferry for you to-day. 

KOBT. 0. SCHENCK, 

[21.] Major- General, Gommanding, 



General Orders, ^ Hdqrs. First Div., First Awmy Corps, 

No. 110. ] December .27, 1802. 

In accordance with Special Orders, No. 82, from headquarters First 
Army Corps, dated December 22, 18G2, I assume command of this 
division. Maj. Clinton H. Meneely and Capt. Timothy E. Ellsworth 
are announced as aides-de-camp, aud will be obeyed aud respected 
accordingly. 

JAS. S. WADSWOETH, 
[21. 1 Brif/adier- General. 



Headqxjabtees Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, Md., December 28, 1862 — 9.30 a. m. 
Maj. (tbu. H. W. Halleck, 

General-in- Chief : 
I have just received, through General Kelley, a dispatch from Gen- 
eral Cluseret advising me tbat he was safe at Winchester, and that the 
enemy had fallen back to Woodstock. 

ROBT. C. SCHENCK, 
[21. 1 Major- General, Commanding, 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, December 28, 1862 — 9.30 a. m. 
Brig. Gen. B. F. Kellet, 

llarper''s Ferry, Va. : 

I cannot meet you to day. Am to be in Philadelphia to-morrow. 
Will come to Harper's Ferry Tuesday evening or Wednesday morning. 
In the meantime look around ; consider everything and be prepared, 
that we may have a full conference as to future dis^msitions and 
ox)erations. 

ROBT. C. SCHENCK, 

[21. j Major- General, Commanding. 



Hdqrs. Eleventh Corps, Army of the Potomac, 

Stafford Court-House, Va., December 28, 1862 — 1 a. m. 

Colonel Cesnola, 

Commanding Cavalry : 
Your dispatch received. Hold your command in readiness to march 
at a moment's notice. The enemy's cavalry which passed through 
Staiford Store or Springs did not number more than 500 men, from 
what I can learn. The general directed fifty men to report to Colonel 
Schimmelfennig, in addition to the detachment already with him, 
which was formerly stationed at Aquia. 

Respectfully, 

T. A. MEYSENBURG, 



966 MD., E. K. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. AV., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

Hdqes. Eleventh Corps, Aemy of the Potomac, 
Stafford Court-House, Fa., December 28, 1803 — 13.30 p. m. 
Col. L. r. Di Cesnola, 

Commanding Cavalry Brigade: 
Colonel: General Stahel desires me to say, in answer to your com- 
munication just received, that you will probably receive instructions 
from Colonel Meysenburg, who Las gone out on the road toward Dum- 
fries. In case you do not receive instructions from him you will fall 
back this evening to Cxarrisouville and encamp there for the night. 
You will guard against a surprise, but in case of an attack you will act 
as the circumstances may dictate. I send your communication, with a 
copy of this order, to Colonel Meysenburg. 

I am, colonel, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. M. EOGEKS, 
[21.] Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquaeters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, December 30, 1862 — 2.55 p. m. 
Hon. Edwin M. Stanton, 

Secretary of War, Washington, D. C: 

Your dispatch of yesterday received to-day as to building telegraph 
from Martinsburg to Winchester. I have not answered sooner because 
so biisy providing to meet the raid of rebel cavalry. Stuart has, it 
seems, slipped through the Army of the Potomac, and was reported 
crossing the Potomac to-day at Harrison's Island. I liave forces scat- 
tered and very insufficient for heading him off or catching him, but 
will do the best I can. See dispatch to General Halleck. I suspend 
decision as to the telegraph line for Genei-al Kelley until this affair is 
over. I did not come to Washington Saturday because your permission 
came too late, and last night I went to Philadelphia to the marriage of 
one of my aides. 

liOBT. C. SOHENCK, 

[21.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps. 
Baltimore, Md., December 30, 1862 — 1 p. m. 
Maj. Gen. H. W. Halleck, 

General-in- Chief: 
What general is in command of the south side of the Potomac in 
the vicinity of Harrison's Island, and what information has he of the 
movements of Lee's cavalry 1* 

ROBT. C. SCHENCK, 
[21.] Major- General 

Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, December 30, 1862 — 3 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Kelley, 

Commanding, Harper's Ferry: 
I have just learned that my staff' officer who was directed to dispatch 
to you this morning information as to the rebel cavalry crossing and 

*For reply, see 9.10 d. in.. Vol. XXI, p. 921. 



CHAP.LXm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 967 

orders to take measures to meet them, addressed my teiegram to Gen- 
eral Keuly instead of to yourself. I trust this has made no difference 
in the action taken. I send up the road to-day in direction of Monocacy 
bridge a regiment of infantry (One hundred and fiftieth New York), 
three companies of the Eighteenth Connecticut Volunteers, and two 
sections of Chalfln's battery, Fifth Artillery. 1 think if the rebels 
reach the road it will be at or near New Market, and they may attempt 
not only to destroy the road, but to pass to the north of Frederick, My 
reliance to prevent him must be mainly on the Thirteenth Pennsylvania 
Cavalry and such cavahy and artillery as you may have sent. 

KOBT. C. SCHENOK, 
[21.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, December 30, 1862 — 4 p. m 
Brig. Gen. B. F. Kelley, 

Commanding at Harper's Ferry: 
The information as to the crossing of the rebels at Harrison's Island 
was leceived at 11.30 to-day by dispatch from Colonel Galligher at 
Point of liocks, as follows: 

I have infoTmation that Stuart is cTOSsing at Harrison's Island, fifteen miles helow ; 
commenced at 2 o'clock this morning. 

WM. D. WHIPPLE, 
[21.1 Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, December 30, 1862 — 6.15 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Kelley, 

Commanding, Harper's Ferry: 
General Schenck intended to go to meet you at Harper's Ferry to-day, 
but could not leave headquarters while telegraphing and directing as 
to this apprehended rebel raid. He still proposes to meet you there. 
No further intelligence from Colonel Galliglier. 

WM. I). WHIPPLE, 
[21.J Lieutenant-Colonel and Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, December 30, 1862 — 6.80 p. m. 
Brigadier- General Kelley, 

Commanding, Harper's Ferry : 
The general commanding says "All right." He confides in you. 
Keep prepared and on the alert, but do not move your cavalry until 
von have positive information. 

■^ WM. I). WHIPPLE, 

[21.1 Lieutenant-Colonel and Assistant AdjutanlGeneral, 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, December 30, 1862. 

Col. W. S. Tbuex, 

Commanding at Monocacy Bridge, Md. : 
Stuart's force is reported to be 1,000 cavalry and four pieces artillery. 

EOBT. C. SCHENCK, 

roi 1 Major-General, Commanding. 



968 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. "W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

Headqxtakters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, December 30, 1802. 
Colonel Galligher, 

Gomdg. Thirteenth Fennsylcania Cavalry, Point of Roclis, Md. : 
Iso intelligence from you since your telegram received at 11 a. m. 
to day informing of rebel cavalry crossing.* Let ine hear from you 
immediately. The general commanding believes that the information 
you received and communicated could hardly have been reliable. 

WM. D. WHIPPLE, 
[21.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- Gen era I. 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, JDecember 30, 1802. 
Col. William G. Ely, 

Commanding Eighteenth Connecticut Volunteers and 

Expedition up the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad : 
The major-general commanding directs that you proceed with your 
command with great caution fiom the time that you leave Ellioott City, 
procuring information as you proceed, and that you act according to 
circumstances in resisting this raid of the enemy. You will hud Colonel 
Truex, Eourteeiith New Jersey Volunteers, with his regiment and two 
pieces of artillery at Monocacy bridge. There is also a force of G8() 
men at Frederick under command of Colonel Allen, First Maine 
Cavalrv. 

WM. D. WHIPPLE, 
[21.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, Eecember 30, 1862 — 6.30 p. m. 
Colonel SuMWALT, 

Commanding, Relay House: 
It has been reported that a force of rebel cavalry and artillery has 
crossed the river near Leesburg. It may nofbe true, but you will 
instruct your troops along the Washington Branch to be especially on 
the alert toniglit. 
By order of Major-Geueral Schenck : 

WM. D. WHIPPLE, 
[21.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, Md., December 31, 1862. 
Col. William G. Ely, 

Monrovia, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad : 
You will return with your command to this city without delay. 
Colonel Belger has been ordei'ed to furnish you transi)ortatiou in time 
for you to reach this city by daylight to-morrow. Tlie three companies 
of the Eighteenth Connecticut will take post at Steuart's woods on 
their arrival here. 

WM. D. WHIPPLE, 
[21.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant-General. 

* See 10.45 a. m., Vol. XXI, p. 919. 



chap.lxm.] correspondence, etc. — union. 969 

Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Defenses op Washington, 

No. 110, ) December 31, 1802. 

•2. The followiug-named regiments, now serving as a iirovisional 
brigade, under command of Brig. Gen. Silas Casey, are hereby assigned 
to Lis regular division and will be leported accordingly: Thirty-ninth, 
One hundred and twenty-fifth, One hundred and twenty-sixth Ifegi 
luents New York Volunteers, and One hundred and fifty-first Kegiuient 
i'euusylvauia Volunteers. 

******* 

By commaud of Major-General Heintzelman : 

CAliROLL H. POTTER, 

[21.J Assistant Adjutant- General, 



Headquarters Eighth Army Oorps, 

Baltimore, Md., January 1, 1863, 
Colonel Truex, 

Monocacy Bridge: 
Send back Colonel I\etcham with the eight companies of his regi- 
ment, One hundred and fiftieth New York, now with him ; also the two 
sections of Chaltiu's battery. Let them leave Mouocacy as early in 
the day to-morrow as transportation is provided. 

WM. D. WHIPPLE, 
[21.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Fourth Corps, 

Yorlctotcn, January 2, 1803. 
Brigadier-General Busteed, 

Commanding Brigade : 
Sir: 1 have ordered a reconnaissance to be made to-night and 
to-morrow on the Gloucester side of York River Avith cavalry under 
Major Hall. He will land at Cappahosic and come down and enter 
our lines above the Point. 1 have ordered signals to be arranged by 
Lieutenant Andrews, signal officer, and I wish you to instruct Colonel 
Grimshaw to be on tlie alert to give assistauce in case of need, and to 
make sure his pickets do not lire on our own men. 

I remain, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. D. KEYES, 
[21.1 Major-General. 



Headquarters Fourth Army CoiiPS, 

Yorlctown, January 2, 1S03. 

JNLijor Hall, 

Sixth New York Cavalry: 
Sir: It is supposed that a picket of rebel cavalry, amounting to fifty 
or sixty in number, ai-e lying somewhere between Cai)pahosic Creek 
and Gloucester Point. Idesirethat you shall capture all or a portion of 
that picket. Y''ou Mill take with you 170 troopers, which is all you 
think are necessary, and with that force you will be landed during the 
night at Cappahosic. Guides which have been selected by Captain 
Parker, of the gun-boats, will accompany you. Use your best discre- 
tion, and be careful not to allow your party to be surprised or cap- 



970 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. xxm. 

tured. You will arrange with Lieutenant Andrews, signal officer, the 
matters to be observed on coming into our post at G-loucester Point. 
I remain, your obedient servant, 

E. D. KEYES, 
[21,] Major- General, Commanding Fourth Corps. 



Headquakters Middle Department, 

Baltimore, January 3, 1863 — 10 a. m. 
Brig. Gen, H. H. Lockwood, 

Drummondtown, Va. : 
The general commanding directs that you come to these headquar- 
ters as soon as the condition of your command will permit. He desires 
to assign you to the command of a brigade which may give. you more 
active service, and also to confer with you in relation to Eastern Shore 
matters. You will turn over your present command temporarily to 
your officer next in rank. 

By order of Major-Geueral Schenck: 

WM. D. WHIPPLE, 
[lil.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquaetees Fourth Army Corps, 

Yorktown, Va., January 4, 1863. 
Col. D. T, Van Buren, 

Assistant Adjutant- General : 
Sir : I have the honor to report that a reconnaissance ordered by me 
on the 2d instant, composed of a squadron of Fifth Pennsylvania Cav- 
aliy, and a squadron of Sixth New York Cavalry, all under Maj. W, P. 
Hall, Sixth New York Cavalry, returned last night. The party 
landed at Cappahosic, some sixteen miles above Gloucester Point, 
and in the course of a little more than twenty-four hours made 
an extensive examination of the country on the left bank of tiie 
York Eiver, extending to Gloucester Court-House and beyond. The 
reconnaissance was conducted with spirit, and resulted in the cap- 
ture of one prisoner, a trooper of the Fifth Virginia Cavalry, and seven 
horses. No trace of the enemy in force was discovered, and the country 
was found nearly bare of stock and the men capable of bearing arms 
were mostly absent. Inclosed is a copy of Major Hall's report.* 
I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant, 

E. D. KEYES, 
[18.] Major- General. 



Special Orders, } Hdqes. Defenses of Washington, 

No.' 3. i January 5, 1863. 

3. Brig. Gen. Alexander Hays, having reported forduty to these head- 
quarters in accordance with instructions from the General-in-Chief, is 
hereby assigned to the brigade now commanded by Col. F. G. D'Utassy 
and will report immediately in person to Brig. Gen. Silas Casey, com- 
manding division. 

By command of Major-General Heintzelman : 

CAKROLL H. POTTER, 

[21.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

* Not fouu.l. 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC, UNION. 971 

Special Orders, ) Hbqrs. Defenses of Washington, 

No. 6. I January 8, 1863. 

4. Brig. Gen. E. O. Tyler, having reported for duty to these head- 
quarters in accordance with instructions from the General in-Chief, is 
hereby assignea to the brigade composed of First Connecticut Eegiment 
of Heavy Artillery and Nineteenth llegiment Connecticut Volunteers; 
also the First Wisconsin Independent Company of Heavy Artillery. 

By command of Major-General Heintzehnan : 

CARROLL H. POTTER, 

[21,] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Fourth Corps, 

Torldown, January 8, 1863. 
Commanding Officer of Gun-Boat Cceur de Lion: 

Sir : It is this moment reported to me by telegraph from Williams 
burg that heavy cannonading is heard in the direction of West Point. 
I wish you to go up tbere and give any assistance or bring back news 
to me with as little delay as possible. 

I remain, respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. D. KEYES, 
[l-'l.] Major- General, Commanding Fourth Corps. 



Dumfries, January .9, 1863. 
General Stahel: 

My scouting party of 150 cavalry returned from Breutsville. On 
tlieir arrival there, found out that a party of the First Michigan Cav- 
alry, consisting of one commissioned officer and seven men, had a 
skirmish in the place about 12 m. The commissioned officer was taken 
prisoner whilst reading a paper, being dismounted. Two men killed, 1 
mortally wounded, 3 taken prisoner, 1 escaped. They were all dis- 
mounted save the one who escaped, and were surprised. Party went 
within two miles and a half of Catlett's Station; no force there; 
returned via Independent Hill. All quiet. 

CHAS. CANDY, 

[21. [ Colonel. 

Headquarters Fourth Army Corps, 

YorMown, Va., January 12, 1863. 
Maj. Gen. John A, Dix, 

Commanding Department of Virginia: 
Sir: It is probably known to yon that from the Fifth Pennsylvania 
Regiment and the detachment of the Sixth New York Cavalry, under 
my command, I can only muster about 600 well-mounted troopers. With 
those I have repeatedly scoured the country up this peninsula, that 
between the Pamunkey and Mattapony Rivers, and the country on the 
left bank of the York River. Infantry has often been sent out with 
the cavalry, and all our scouts and raids have been successful. The 
rebels are at last aroused and are determined to catch us or to be 
avenged. When the ]jarty under Major Hall returned the 8th instant 
from the White House they had but just left West Point to come to 
Yorktowu when a detachment of upward of 200 rebel cavalry arrived 



972 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXHI. 

at tnat point. The secrecy and rapidity of the raid, and the fact that 
my people were at the moment of setting out impressed with the idea 
that they were destined for another point, aloue saved Major Hall and 
his party. I am almost certain that there is above 1,000 rebel cavalry 
on this side the Chickahominy, and I am and shall be obliged to keep 
my small forces nearer home or they will be captured. It must be borne 
in mind that all the six regiments of infantry under my command were 
only a few weeks ago perfectly raw. They are making astonishing 
improvements in their exercises, and will be in a short time among the 
best regiments in the army. But there is not enough infantry to line 
the ramparts of the forts, much less to do that and at the same time to 
furnish detachments for service far away from our works. I have plans 
in view which would, I think, if earned out, damage the enemy to a very 
great extent, but I do not think it worth while to explain those plans, 
unless I can have a considerable force placed at my disposal. I think 
it absolutely necessary, however, to enable me to annoy the enemy to 
any considerable extent, that I should have another full regiment of 
infantry and another full regiment of good cavalry. I could tlien place 
a small garrison of infantry and artillery in Fort Magruder, below Wil- 
liamsburg, to guard against what may now at any time bo expected — 
an attack on that city and on the camp of the Fifth Pennsylvania Cav- 
alry, a few miles below it. Should you approve the contents of tliis 
letter, will you please to submit it to the Headquarters of the Army? 
I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient servant, 

E. T). KEYES, 
[18.] Major- General. 



Hbadqtiakteks Fourth Aemy Corps, 

Yorldown^ Va., January 12, 1803. 
Brigadier-General Busteed, 

Commanding Brigade : 
General: The commanding general desires that you will have 100 
men of the Fourth Delaware Volunteers (properly officered) fully 
equipped, but iu light marching order, at the dock at (iloucester to mor- 
row morning (January 13) at 8 o'clock. They are designed for a short 
expedition. Captain Clark, post quartermaster, has been instructed to 
send theferryboatWinnisimmet for the party. They will be instructed 
to get on board as rapidly as possible, as the boat must return to its 
wharf on this side before finally leaving. The expedition will return in 
the afternoon. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

0. C. STJYDAM, 
1 18.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assixtant Adjutant-General. 



Special Orders, \ ni>c)Rs. Defenses of Washington, 

No. 11. ) January 13, 18(13. 

******* 

2. Brig. Gen. J. T. Copeland is hereby assigned to the command of 
the Fifth and Sixtli llegiments of Michigan Cavalry, and will report 
immediately in person to Brig. Gen. Silas Casey, commanding division. 
******* 
By command of Major-General Heintzelman : 

CARROLL H. POTTER, 
[21.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 973 



Speciai. Orders, ) Hdqrs. Defenses of Washington, 

No. 12, i January 14, 1863. 

* * # # » in :r 

i. Brig. Geii. JR. O. Tyler, commandiug artillery brigade, will imine 
diately assume command of Fort Lyon and its dependencies in addition 
to liis present command. 

By command of Major-General Heintzelraan: 

CARROLL H. POTTER, 
[25,] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Fourth Army Corps, 

Yorlctown, Va., January 14, 1803. 
Admiral S. P. Lee, 

Commanding North Atlantic Blockading Hquadron, 

Hampton Roads, Va. : 
Sir: In the course of my service bere my attention lias been neces- 
sarily called on many occasions to the manner in whicU the gun-boats 
on York River co operate with the land forces. I have particularly 
noticed the admirable manner in which Capt, Foxhall A. Parker has 
exercised liis office of immediate commander of the naval forces in this 
neighborhood. That officer certainly combines in his character caution 
and enterprise in a remarkable degree, and I trust I do not infringe 
any rule of service when I solicit for him a full measure of your confi- 
dence, and such an amount of discretion in the discharge of bis duties as 
will enable him to act in concert with me, as is often necessary, at a 
moment's notice, 

I remain, with high respect, your most obedient servant, 

E. T>. KEYES, 
[18,] Major- General. 

Headquarters Left Grand Division, 
Camp near White Oak Church, January 16, 1863. 

Major-General Smith, 

Commnnding Sixth Corps: 
In compliance with orders from headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
the general commanding directs that your command be ready to march 
at an early hour on the morning of the 17th instant, M'ith three days' 
cooked rations and your supply train loaded with hard bread and small 
commissary stores. Sixty rounds of ammunition will be carried by 
each man. The hour of starting Avill be indicated to you today. 
In the meantime the general commanding desires that you wil' not 
communicate these orders, but simply hold everything in readiness as 
directed. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

M. T. McMAHON, 
[I'll Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant-General. 



General Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 

ISTo. 10. 3 January 17, 1863. 

2. Lieutenant-Colonel Crane, Twenty-third New York Volunteers, 
acting assistant inspector-general of the corps, having been relieved 



974 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXUI. 

from duty at these headquarters, will report to the commanding officer 
of his regiment (Colonel Hoffman) for orders. In returning Colonel 
Crane to his regiment the major-general commanding takes this occa- 
sion to render his sincere thanks for the very efficient manner in which 
he has performed the duties of assistant inspector- general, as well as 
for the valuable assistance rendered him in carrying his orders on the 
battle-field. 

By command of Major-General Kevuolds : 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 

[21.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Special Orders, ) HEADyt^ABTERS First Army Corps, 

No. 15. \ January 18, 1863. 

• *»*#»» 

2. Brigadier-General Doubleday, commanding Second Brigade, First 
Division, will at once assume command of tlie Third Division, First 
Army Corps. 

3. Maj. H. E. Stoughtou, Second U. S. Sharpshooters, having reported 
with his regiment to this corps, will repoit to Brigadier-General Wads- 
worth, commanding First Division, for assignment in his command. 

******* 

By command, &c. : 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 

[21.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, January 18, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Kelley, 

Commanding, &c., Harper^s Ferry, Va. : 
Tlie general commanding wants you to say to General Milroy that he 
thinks his scouts must be fools, or else too nervous in their alarms to 
be reliable. They cry " Wolf, wolf," when there is no wolf, and by and 
by the wolf may come in fact, and we shall not believe them. 

\YM. D. WHIPPLE, 
[21.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



General Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 

No. n. 3 January 19, 1863. 

The divisions of this corps Avill move at 12 m. to-morrow with their 
baggage trains only, in the following order: Third Division, Second 
Division, and First Division. The ambulances, ammunition, and sup- 
ply trains will follow the divisions at daylight the next morning, under 
charge of division quartermasters, to the river crossing. Commanders 
of divisions will direct their quartermasters to ascertain the route to 
the crossing and form their park in some secure place. The route of 
the troops will be near the crossing by White Oak Church to general 
headquarters, thence to Stoneman's Switch. A staff officer will be 
sent from ench division to the head of the column to learn of the com- 
manding general their location for the night. 

By command of Major-General Reynolds: 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 

[21.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General, 



CHAP. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 975 

Headquarters Left Grand Division, 

January W, 1863 — W p. m. 
Major-Geueral Smith, Commanding Sixth Corps: 

General: In coini)liaiice. withiustructious from headquarters Army 
of the Potomac the comuia,Tidiiig general directs that the following- 
nained batteries will report in marching order by 9 a. m. to-morrow, the 
2()th instant, at General Burnside's headquarters : Snow's, McCartney's, 
Hall's (First Pennsylvania), Williston's, Hexamer's, Cowan's. Their 
commanders will immediately on the arrival of the batteries report to 
Major Tompkins at the tent of Brigadier-General Hunt, chief of artil- 
lery. The order for the commanders of those batteries to report to 
General Hunt to night is countermanded. 

I am, general, yours, very respectfully, 

"M. T. McMAHON, 
[21.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters Eleventh Corps, 

> Army op the Potomac, 

No. IG. ) Stafford Gourt-House, Va,, January 19, 1863. 

IG. The Seventeenth Eegiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry is 
hereby assigned to the cavalry brigade of this corps, and will report 
for duty to Colonel Di Cesnola, commanding the brigade, at once. 

By command of Brigadier-General Stahel : 

H. BALDWIN, Jr., 

[21.] Acting Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Defenses of Washington, 

No. IG. j January 19, 1863. 

1. The following disposition of troops on the defenses will go into 
effect immediately: 

2. Brig. Gen. A. Hays' brigade : At Centerville, two regiments and 
a battery ; at Union Mills, two regiments and a battery ; at Fairfax 
Court-House, one regiment. 

3. Brigadier-General Stoughton's brigade: At Fairfax Station, three 
regiments and a battery; at Wolf Run Shoals, two regiments and a 
battery. Another battery will be directed by Brigadier-General Barry 
to report to General Stoughton. The brigadier-generals are author- 
ized to establish their headquarters at the points most convenient to 
their commands. 

By command of Major-General Heintzelman : 

CAEROLL H. POTTER, 

[21.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, January 20, 1863. 
Lieut. Col. William O. Redden, Frederick City, Md. : 

Colonel Truex, Fourteenth Regiment New Jersey Volunteers, now 
at Monocacy bridge, has been ordered to assume command at Freder- 
ick. You will turn it over to him. 
By order of Major-General Schenck : WM. D. WHIPPLE, 
[21 1 Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



976 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

Special Oedbes, ) Heabquartbrs Eleventh Cokps, 

|- Army of the Potomac, 

No. 18. ) Stafford Court-House, January .21, 1863. 

1. The troops comprising the Eleventh Army Corps will be held in 
readiness to march from their respective positions at an hour's notice, 
with three days' cooked rations in their haversacks. 

2. In the event of an attack by the enemy, or other pressing emer- 
gency, the commanders of the Second Division and the cavalry brigade 
of this corps will for the time being report to Brigadier-General Schurz, 
commanding Thiid Division. 

By order of Brigadier-General Stahel: 

n. BALDWIN, Jr., 
[21.] Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Grand Eeserve Division, 

Stafford Court-Eousc, January 21, 1863. 
Maj. Gen. H. W, Slocttm, 

Commanding Twelfth Corps, Dumfries : 
General: In taking your position at Stafford Court- House the 
general desires you to post one division on the north side and one on 
the south side of the town, front toward the west and southwest. Two 
regiments of infantry must be put on picket half a mile west of the 
road leading from Potomac Creek by Stafford Court- House to Aquia 
Church, this line extending from Potomac Creek to Aquia Creek. 
Your cavalry will encamp between Aquia Churcii and Stafford Court- 
House, about two miles nortli of Stafford Court House, throwing tlieir 
pickets and vedettes out to the west in front of the infantry pickets. 
I am, general, your obedient servant, 

T. A. MEYSENBURG, 
[21.] Assistant Adjutant- Oeneral. 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, January SI, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. B. F. Kelley, 

Commanding, (fee, Uarperh Ferry, Ya. : 
General: I have ordered you to-day to send Colonel Pierce's 
Twelfth Pennsylvania Cavalry immediately from Kearneysville to the 
front at Winchester. Situated as he is. General Milroy needs cavalry 
more perhaps than any one else. I know the importance of looking 
after the crossing of the Shepherdstown road at Kearneysville, but 
Colonel McReynolds will have to attend lo that for the present by 
detachment from Martinsburg. As soon as the river rises and prom- 
ises to keep fairly and steadily up I shall send you, or send to the front, 
also the Thirteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry from the Point of Itocks, 
and have you send down in its place an infantry regiment, perhaps 
Colonel Schley's Fifth Maryland. And yet it may be possibly better 
to take one from another State, for I do not think that Maryland troops 
are the best fitted for that kind of guard duty. I am giving my atten- 
tion to the subject of improving and securing the railroad bridge at 
Harper's Ferry, so as to make it fit and safe for the crossing of troops, 
A vast deal may depend upon that. 1 was glad you sent General 
Kenly down; he has doubtless made full report to you of our interview. 



Chap. Lxni] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 977 

He desires to keep his brigade on Maryland Heights, but I still think 
that the Sixth New York as heavy artillerists would be most appro- 
priately transferred to the Heights. I am a good deal liothered about 
putting the troops together satisfactorily in divisions and brigades, 
and 1 wish I had more of your help. General Buford ha? not yet been 
ordered here. 

I am, general, very respectfully, vour obedient servant, 

KOBT. O. SCHENCK, 
[21.] Major-General, Gonimandinfi. 



Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

January 22, 1863 — 3.30 p. m. 
General A. E. Burnside, 

Aquia Greek: 
The weather was so thick at Seddon's that I could not tell whether 
the camp-tires back of Hayfleld have disa])peared or not. The camp- 
tires near Mansfield and in the valley of tlie Massaponax seem un- 
changed. 1 thought I could see a camp opposite Seddon's, but was not 
certain. Our pickets report the other side still strongly picketed by 
infantry. 

0. B. (JOMSTOOK, 
Lieutenant of Engineers and Chief Engineer Army of the Potomac. 
[21.1 



Hdqrs. Eleventh Corps, Army of the Potomac, 

Stafford Gonrt-Houfie, Va., January 22, 1863. 
Colonel Di Cesnola, 

Gommanding Gavalry Brigade: 
Colonel: As your cavalry force is so small you will send at once, 
under a sufficient guard, the New York I'lying Battery to report to 
Brigadier-General Schurz and remain under his command until further 
orders. 

By order of Brigadier- General Stahel: 

H. BALDWIN, Jr., 
[21.] Acting Asuintant Adjutant-Oeneral. 



Headquarters Fourth Army Corps, 

Yorktown, Va., January 22, 1863. 
Major General Dix, 

Gommanding Department of Virginia: 
Sir : I have the honor to rei)ort that in obedience to your orders the 
One hundred and fifteenth New York Volunteers embarlted this day <m 
board the steamship Matauzas, with instructions to call for orders at 
Eort Monroe. Tlie withdrawal of the One hundred and fifteenth from 
my command reduces the forces here to a i)oint much below the neces- 
sities of this front. The infantry remaining with me are new in service 
and poorly armed. I urgently request that additional regiments may 
be sent here with the least possible delay. 

I remain, very respectfully, vour obedient servant, 

E. D. KEYES, 
[18.] Major-Oeneral. 

62 r b— vol LI, PT I 



978 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXni. 

DXTMFEIES, January 23, 1863. 
Colonel Me"v SENBXTRG : 

Information received from reliable source that General Jackson's com- 
mand is at J.'ort lioyal, on Rappahannock. A mail came from there 
yesterday, and I am inakiiig aiiangemeuts to intercept one which I am 
informed will leave here Saturday. 

CHAS. CANDY, 
[21.] Colonel. 

Dumfries, January 23, 1803. 
General Sigel: 

I must have more cavalry. The enemy are following, picking up men 
on the road, and the cavalry I have cannot do the work required of 
them in patrolling and keeping the roads secure. 1 have only 150. 

CHAS. CANDY, 
[21.] Colonel. 



Headquaeters Left Grand Division, 

January 26, 1863. 

Ofpioees and Men of the Left Grand Division: 

In obedience to the order of the highest authority the undersigned 
relinquishes the command of the Left Grand Division. He does so with 
sincere regret. His connection with the command has ever been pleas- 
ant. The prompt obedience and cheerful co-operation you have at all 
times rendered, your patient endurance upon the march, your steady 
bravery upon the field, the manly determination with which you have 
encountered and overcome the dangers and hardships of several trying- 
campaigns command his admiration and gratitude. All of you are 
endeared to him by gallant conduct and loyal service, and most of you 
by the memories of many battle-fields and the proud recollection that 
from none of them have you been driven back. By these common 
memories he exhorts you to prove true and tight gallantly in the future, 
as you have ever done in the past, for the great cause in which you are 
engaged, believing that for yourselves you will win imperishable fame, 
for your country final and enduring victory. In severing a connection 
which you have made so dear, he asks that no one will believe that he 
voluntarily parts with you in the face of the enemy. 

W. B. FRANKLIN, 
[25.] Major-General of Volunteers. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, Jamtary 29, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Milroy, 

Commanding, &c., Winchester, Va. : 
I have directed General Kelley to send the Thirteenth Pennsylvania 
Cavalry, a full regimeut, from the Point of Rocks, to report to vou for 
duty. 
By order of Major-General Schenck: 

WM. D. WHIPPLE, 
Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- 6 eneral 
(25.1 



Chap. LXIII.j CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 979 

War Department, 
Washington City, D. C, January 'JO, 1863 — 5.15 ]). m. 
Major-Geueral Dix, Fort Monroe, Va. : 

What iron-clad.s, if any, have gone out of Hampton Roads within 
the last two days?* 

A. LINCOLjST. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

February 2, 1S(>3. 
General D. Butterfield, Chief of Staff: 

Sir : 1 have the honor to submit some considerations on the defense of 
Aquia Greek Landing. That defense might bo, necessary in two cases. 
First, in case of embarkation with our rear guard strongly pressed by 
the enemy; second, in case of an advance Irom it as a base, to resist 
raids. The first case is the one which would require the strongest 
resistance, as the last 0,000 or 8,000 men might be pressed by a superior 
tbrce, and their embarkation, with the hill overlooking Aquia Creek 
occupied by the enemy's artillery, rendered very difficult. This diffi- 
culty can be overcome by occupying a defensive line running from the 
point where Accokeek Greek becomes impassable nearly north to Aquia 
Greek. This line would still leave ahill near the Watson houseoutside 
of it, from which Aquia Creek Landing could be seen by the enemy's 
artillery. That hill should be occupied by a small redoubt for 100 men 
and no guns. The line in question should consist of a slashing, with 
short portions of breast-works of logs and earth at points where tliey 
would see the slashing well, and three small redoubts. Tiie largest of 
these redoubts would be on the I'oad from Aquia Landing to Stafford 
Court-House, about a mile from the landing, and should cover six guns. 
The other two should be between this and the railroad and should each 
cover about six guns. The line would be about a mile and a half in 
length and should be held by 3,000 meu against a strong attack. No 
reference has been made to the jioint of land on the north side of Aquia 
Creek and between it and the Potomac, as it is believed that the gun- 
boats control this. The redoubts will require about ten days for tlieir 
construction ; the other work could be done in four. To finish the work 
rapidly there should be a working party of 1,500 men, the party not to 
be changed during the work. Second. In case of advance from Aquia 
Creek as a base, it and all vulnerable points on the railroad will be 
liable lo raids. Such raids would not probably be made by a force 
stronger than 2,000 cavalry with six guns. If the gun-boats were with 
drawn and not more than 1,000 men left at Aquia Greek Landing, two 
of the redoubts referred to would be needed, one on the Stafford Gourt- 
House road and one near the railroad. But it is believed that a brigade, 
with the gun-boats, need no additional strength against any probable 
raid. At Potomac Creek bridge and Accokeek Greek bridge, how- 
ever, redoubts should be built, each capable of holding 250 men and two 
guns. The construction of each of these redoubts would require 400 
men for ten days. 

Very respectfully, 

C. B. GOMSTOCK, 
Lieutenant of Engineers and Chief Engineer Army of the Potomac. 

[25.] ' 

• For reply, see Vol. XVIII, p. 530, 



980 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. AV., & W. VA. [Chap. LXUX 

General Orders, ) Heabquarters Sixth Corps, 

No. 2. S February 2, 1863. 

Lieut. Col. i^. Boweu having reported at these headquarters iu obedi- 
ence to Special Orders, No. 37, from the Adjutaut-Geueral's Office, is 
hereby announced as assistant adjutant- general of the Sixth Corps. 
He will be obeyed and respected accordingly. 
By order of Brigadier-General Brooks: 

JAMES A. SCKYMSER, 
[25.] Lieutenant and Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

February 3, 1863. 
General D. Btjtterfield, 

Chief of Staff: 

Sir : I submit, as desired, a notice of the places on the liappahannock 
Kiver between Skinker's Neck and the United States Ford, which have 
been examined as jjossible places for crossing Skinker's Neck. The 
river at this place bends irregularly through three-fourths of a circle 
for nearly a mile radius, giving a neck a mile and a half across. The 
peninsula so inclosed is generally low, not more than ten or twenty 
feet above the river, but on the nortliwest side of the Neck the ground 
rises abruptly from the river to a height of 100 feet, and this high 
ground runs like a spur into the peninsula, as shown on the sketch here- 
with. The edge of this bluft' is about 1,800 yards from the best place 
tor crossing, and as it curves around is surmcmnted by six earth- works, 
some of which look like simple artillery parapets, and some like redans 
or closed works. In front of this line, on the slope of the hill, are long 
rifle-pits. The bluff sees nearly the whole of the iieninsula, and while 
occupied in force by the enemy would make the crossing of very doubt- 
ful practicability. On our side of tlie river the ground is generally a 
plateau, forty or fifty feet above the river, rising into hills from half a 
mile to a mile and a half back from the river. The bluft' referred to is 
higher than anything on our side within a mile and a half of it. On 
the opposite side of the river the ground rises rather rai)idly from the 
river bottom to wooded hills, which come close to the river above and 
below the Neck. The approach to the crossing on this side for 200 
yards from the river is through a wooded marsh. The peninsula is 
generally cleared. 

Seddon's and Hay fields. — On the opposite side of the river the plateau 
is some forty feet above the water, slopes gradually down to it, and is 
from half a mile to a mile and a half in width, rising then to wooded 
hills, of which the slopes toward us are generally cleared. On this 
side the plateau is of about the-same height, also cleared, and opposite 
Hayfields descends abruptly to the river bottom. Near Seddon'sthe hills 
narrow the plateau on our side, coming within half a mile of the river. 
The high ground near Seddon's and the gentle slope from the river up 
to the plateau on the other side, that slope being thoroughly seen from 
this side, are the main advantages of this place. Some of the objec- 
tions are, first, that at the place proposed for the lower bridges a mass 
of woods on the bank of the river is occupied by the enemy, and they 
would have to be driven from it before these bridges could be built; 
second, on the other shore the Port Royal road, running nearly parallel 
to the river and half a mile from it, gives in places a good defensive 
line; third, at a mile from the proposed upper bridges a spur with 



CHAP. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 981 

apparently some light earth-works on it to cover guns comes within 
three-quarters of a mile from the river, and would be very annoying to 
our right Hank if we did not succeed in crossing it at once. At the 
place proposed for the upper bridges General Woodbury has already 
built one corduroy approach through the marsh. There should be one 
more built here and one at the lower bridges before crossing. 

FranJclhi'x Crossing. — There is here a long line of hills on our side 
which see well the plateau on the other side, that plateau being one or 
two miles wide, then rising into hills, generally Avooded. Bridges 
would be perfectly covered from enemy's artillery. Objections are that 
it is central to enemy's line, and that the enemy may have formed a 
defensive line in the woods since Franklin's attack. 

Banlis'' Ford. — Here both shores of the river begin rising almost at 
the water's edge, abruptly on our side, gradually in places on the other 
side, but to a greater height than on ours. Artillery on this side can- 
not generally see far on the other side, which in places is wooded to the 
water's edge, and it is believed that unless the crossing was a surprise, 
it would be very difficult, if not impracticable. 

United States Ford. — This place is inferior to Banks' Ford so far as 
roads leading to it are concerned. The shore on our side rises at once 
into bluffs sixty feet high, while the other shore rises giadually, and has 
a large clearing which is well seen from this side. Its advantages are 
that the other side is pretty well seen from this; that it is the left of 
the enemy's line, and that the ford, believed to be a pretty good one, 
could be used for crossing troops Avhile the bridges were being built. 
The main objection is difficulty of access and want of room. There 
Mas originally a narrow road leading down to the ford. Another has 
been built by (ieneral Woodbury for artillery, and one for infantry, 
thu.s giving approaches to three bridges. 
Very respectfully, 

0. B. GOMSTOOK, 
Lieutenant of Engineers and Chief Engineer Army of the Potomac. 

[25.] 

Special Oeders, ) Hkadquartees First Army Corps, 

Ko. 29. ( February 5, 1803. 

» * * * . » » * 

3. In accordance with orders from headquarters Army of the Poto- 
mac, the Third Division of this corps (Pennsylvania lieserves) will 
embark at Belle Plain for Alexandria as soon as transportation is fur- 
nished, there to report to Major-Geiieral Heintzelman. The sick and 
all the baggage of the troops will be taken with them. The division 
staff, Captains Hoyt and Reid, commissaries, and Captain Patton, 
assistant quartermaster, will remain ; also the One hundred and twenty- 
first and One hundred and forty-second Regiments Pennsylvania Vol- 
unteers and the three batteries of artillery (Captains (Jooper's, Ams- 
den's, and Lieut. R. B. Ricketts'). The division quartermaster will 
report at once to the corps quartermaster to arrange details for embar- 
kation. The different quartermasters will turn in all their transiiorta- 
tion and ambulance trains to the division quartermaster. The troops 
•will be supplied with three days' cooked rations. No public animals 
of any kind will accompany the division. In separating from the 
Pennsylvania reserve Corps, with which the commanding general has 
been so closely allied for the past eighteen months, he cannot but 
express his deep regrets. They are, however, lessened by the hope 



982 MD,, E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap, lxiii. 

tliat soon thek tbijined ranks will be filled, and they, once more 
restored and reorganized, will be returned to the field prepared to add 
new luster to a name already endeared to our patriotic. State. 

JNO. F. REYNOLDS, 

[23.J Major-General, Commandin(j. 



General Ordees, ) Headquarters Sixth Army Corps. 

No. 3. ) February .7, 180:1. 

In obedience to Special Orders, No. 35, headquarters Army of the 
Potomac, the undersigned hereby assumes command of the Sixth 
Army Corps. 

JOHN SEDGWICK, 
[25.] Major-General of Volnnt'eers. 



Headquarters Army of tue Potomac, 

February H, 1803. 
General D. Btttterfield, 

Chief of Staff: 
I woiild respectfully suggest for consideration the propriety of thor- 
oughly preparing the approaches which would be needed if a crossing 
of the rivei were attempted either at United States Ford or at 
Seddon's. For the United States Ford there should be two good artil- 
lery and an infantry road prepared from the Warrenton road to the 
United States Ford, entirely independent of each other and completed 
to the river bottom. At Seddon's there shorld be another corduroy 
road built across the marsh and one built opposite Hayfields. I think 
General Woodbury would be able to furnish ofQcers to oversee the 
necessary working parties. If another attempt were made to cross the 
river the places referred to would be two of the four best ones for 
the attempt. If no further attempt should be made, the work would 
still lead the enemy to think otherwise, to fatigue and expose his men 
more, and ix'rhaps prevent him from diminishing his force. In case of 
a crossing, the advantage of having the approaches ready long in 
advance is evident. It may be said that the enemy would at once begin 
to work opposite these places. He has already had tlie opportunity 
as to both ])laces. The work on our side is partly done and has been 
seen by him. 

Verv respectfullv, 

C. B. COMSTOCK, 
Lieutenant of EngineerH and Chief Engineer Army of llic rotomac. 
[25.1 



Stafford, February 0, 1863. 
Major- General Butterfield : 

Colonel Cesnohi will receive your instructions to-night. He says 
that early yesterday moniing a scouting party of eleven men sent out 
toward Morrisvillo were attacked by fifteen rebels; Scout Dixson badly 
wounded and four of our horses shot. Yesternight the pickets on 
the road to Morrisville were fired upon. Cesnola thought that this 
may have been done by our own men of Colonel Mcintosh's command 
and sent out a patrol to ascertain, but they did not find any troops in 
that direction. The attack at Wiggeuton's Mill was made by a party 
of dismounted rebels and not by our own troops. 

125.1 F. SIGEL. 



Chap. LXin.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION 983 

General Orders, ) Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

No. 3. j Primmcr^s House, February ?, 1863. 

Ill compliance with General Orders, No. 6, headquarters Army of the 
Potomac, the undersigned hereby relinquislies command of this corps 
to the senior general officer present. In parting with the corps, the 
undersigned begs leave to assure it that he does so with no little regret, 
as his intercourse with it, both officially and socially, has uniformly 
been of the most pleasant and satisfactory nature. The undersigned 
returns his heartfelt thanks to both officers and men for the cordial 
manner in which they have ever endeavored to second him in all his 
eflbrts, and assures them that it will in after life be a subject of great 
pride to be recognized as one of its former commanders. 

GEOKGE STONEMAN, 

[25. J Brigadier- General. 



General Orders, ) Office of the Signal Officer, 

No. 3. ) Washington, February 7, 1863. 

1. The Signal Officer of the Army announces to the corps that while 
the issue of battle-flags to ofificers distinguished in battle will be con- 
tinued, the numerous battles have rendered so many changes necessary 
that hereafter the flags will be retained at the office and decorated at the 
end of the war with the battle names ordered for each and then issued. 

2. During the war officers named for battle-flags will carry and use 
a common signal flag with a plain star. 

3. Officers now having battle-flags of silk arc requested to deposit 
them in the office of the Signal Officer for safe-keeping. 

4. It is the wish of the Signal Officer of the Army that worthy officers 
shall receive at the close of the war this memento of the corps and of 
the battles in which they have served. 

By order of Maj. A. J. Myer: 

W. li, HARTSHOKNE, 
[25. J First Lieutenant and Signal Officer. 



Headquarters Fourth Army Corps, 

YorJitown, Ya.^ February 7, 1863. 
Colonel Johnson, 

Commanding 178th Pennsylvania Drafted Militia : 

Colonel: The commanding general instructs me to inform you that 
there are movements of the enemy a short distance above Williams- 
burg which indicate the possibility of an attack. He desires you to be 
prepared to answer a call to arms in case of necessity. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

C. C. SUYDAM, 
[18.1 lAeutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac, 

No. 39. ) Camp near Falmouth, Ya., February 8, 1863. 

4. Brig. (ieu. A. T. A. Torbert, U. S. Volunteers, is assigned to the 
command of the First Brigade, First Division, Sixth Corps. 

By command of Major-General Hooker : 

S. WILLIAMS, 
Assistant Adjutant- General. 



984 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. IChap. LXIII. 

Memoranda in reference to crossing. 

February 8, 1863. 
January 15 there were at Baltimore tifty-eight boats, thirty-six feet 
loug, six feet beam, three feet deep, or of two-thirds greater <;apacity, 
nearly, than the common pontoon. These boats were intended for a 
double roadway bridge, the floor timbers six inches by eight inches and 
thirty-six feet long, the floor plank two inches thick. At that time the 
bridge was not supplied with anchors, cordage, &c. If to be used, these 
should be obtained at once. This material would form a heavy, sub- 
stantial bridge; too heavy to be thrown across a stream very rapidly, if 
the boats were separate. If the bridge were put together at the mouth 
of the river, it might be towed up by steam-boats, at what rate the offi- 
cers of the navy should be able to judge. A similar bridge of ])ontoons, 
the boats being thirty feet loug, would tow somewhat easier. If the 
navy thought they could not tow the bridge as a whole, the boats all 
towing sidewise, perhaps they might tow it in jjarts, the boats endwise. 
These parts could be put together more rapidly if the common poJitoon 
was used — an hour should be enough for the pontoons. The officers on 
picket along the river should report any sunken canal-boats or other 
obstructions from Port Eoyal up. If the bridge was towed at the rate 
of four miles an hour, it would take twelve hours between Urbaua and 
Port Koyal, three hours more to Skinker's Neck, and two more to Sed- 
don's. If it passed Urbaua in the daytime the enemy might, perhaps, 
get notice of it by way of West Point, or White House and llichmond, 
in four or five hours. The best time for the bridge to reach its place 
would be about an hour before daylight. This would lequire passing the 
most crooked part of the river in the night, and passing Port Koyal about 
11 p. m. The alarm might, perhaps, be given at this time by the 
enemy's pickets at that place. If the cause of the alarm was sent at 
once to Skinker's Neck, the enemy would have an hour and a half to 
get guns into the works to prevent the passage of the bridge and 
steamers. It would then be much better that the navy should take 
tows so small that they could move them at the rate of six miles an 
hour; then the bridge might reach any point before the cause of the 
alarm was known at that poiut, viuless the enemy have a telegraph or 
very good signals. A part of the pontoons should go without beams or 
floor planks, so as to be used at once for crossing troops to cover put- 
ting the bridge together. The division to cross in these boats should 
be tlrilled at entering and leaving the boats. If the navy will guarantee 
to have the boats at the chosen jjoint at a given hour; if this was done 
so rapidly that the bridge was at its place before the enemy had made 
any preparation to meet it; if the party thrown across in boats was 
able at once to cover the construction of the bridge, we should probably 
get the bridges towed by the steamers across in a time less by two or 
three hours than that necessary to unload the boats on the banli of the 
river, put them in the water, and then throw the bridge. On the other 
hand there would be the chance of failure from the steamers being 
driven back by tiie enemy's fire, or from delay by getting aground, 
giving the enemy time to get ready at the best points for crossing. It 
is believed that a good pilot can take seven feet of water up to Skin- 
ker's Neck, and five feet to Seddon's, both at low water; at high water 
two feet more. 

G. B. COMSTOCK, 
Lieutenant of Engineers and Chief Engineer Army of the Potomac. 

(Handed General Hooker.) 

[25.] 



Chap. LXHI.] COKRESPONDENc'e, ETC. UNION. 985 

Headquaktebs Army of the Potomac, 

February 8, 1863. 
Lieut. C. E. Cross, 

Commanding Erujineer Battalion: 
You will take charge of tbe works about to be constructed for tbe 
defense of Aquia Creek, calling ou the commaudiug officer of the bri- 
gade detailed for the purpose for the necessary parties as soon as lie 
lias tools and is in readiness for work. The work to be done will be a 
redoubt near Watson's, another near where the Bruce house stood, and 
a third on the bluff at the south end of the line pointed out a few days 
ago. At the Bruce house cover should be prepared ibr three guns to 
fire along the Stafford Court- House road, and at the south redoubt for 
three guns so placed as to control as well as possible the Falmouth 
road and yet be covered Irom the guns across the ravine. You are 
authorized to call on Lieutenants Mackenzie and Suter for any assist- 
ance you may need. 

Very respectfully, 

C. B, COMSTOCK, 
Lieutenant of Engineers and Chief Engineer Army of the Potomac. 
I25.J 



Headquarters Eleventh Corps, 
Stafford Court-Moime, Va., February 8, 1803. 
Brig. Gen. J. Stahel, 

Commanding First Division: 
(lENERAL: By direction of the commanding general the cavalry at 
Allcock's will be withdrawn and will encamp near Stafford Court- House. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

T. A. MEYSENBUKG, 
[-5.J Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Department of Washington, 

No. 2. i February 10, 1863. 

* ■ # ♦ » * * * 

2. The Pennsylvania Eeserves, having been assigned to duty in this 
department, will take post as follows: The Third Brigade, Col. J. W. 
Plsher, will relieve General Cowdin's brigade at Minor's Hill; the 
Second Brigade, Col. H. G. Sickel, will relieve Colonel Gurney's brigade 
at Upton's Hill ; the First Brigade, Col. William McCandless, will take 
post at Fairfax Court-House. On being relieved General Cowdin's 
brigade will occupy a camp near Arlington, and Colonel Gurney's near 
the Seminary, tbe positions to be selected by General Abercrombie. 
The Provisional Brigade, General Abercrombie's division, will be 
broken up, and the One hundred and eighteenth. One hundred and 
tifty-secoud, and One hundred and sixty-ninth New York Regiments 
composing it will report to General Martindale, commanding Military 
District of Washington, for duty. The One hundred and fifty-first 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, General Hays' brigade; One hundred and 
forty-third Pennsylvania Volunteers, Colonel Gibson's brigade; Com- 
pany B, Twenty- sixth Pennsylvania; Comjiauy F, Twenty-seventh 
Pennsylvania; the One hundred and thirty-fifth, One hundred and 
forty-ninth, and One hundred and fiftieth Pennsylvania Volunteers, 



986 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT 8. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXin. 

General Martindale's district, are now relieved from duty on the mili- 
tary defenses of Washingftou, and will without delay report to General 
Joseph Hooker, commanding Army of the Potomac. The quartermas- 
ter's department will furnish the necessary transportation. 

By command of Major-General Heintzelman : 

CAKKOLL H. POTTEE, 
[25.J Assistant Adjutant- General. 



HEADyXTARTERS FlRST ARMY CORPS, 

February 13, 1863. 
Colonel Fairchild, 

Commanding Detail Second and Sixth Wisconsin Regiments : 

I send inclosed instructions for an expedition with your command, 
with a slight sketch* of the peninsula. Supposing the transportation 
to be in readiness to-day, you will embark your command before dark 
and sail for the landing near Hcathsville, which you should make by 
daylight; disembark and march at once for lleathsville; take posses- 
sion of whatever supplies are at the sup])osed depot (a mail may prob- 
ably be intercei)ted at this point), and after gathering up everything, 
as indicated in instructions from headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
in the neighborhood and loading them upon the boat, send the boat up 
to some landing at Nomini Bay, and proceed to march your command by 
laud to that point, gathering in all the forage, soldiers on parole, con- 
trabands, &c., seizing for this purpose such transportation as yon may 
find in the country. Much must be left to your judgment in conduct- 
ing the expedition, and depend upon tlie information you gain on the 
spot as to the direction in which you move your command, &c. It is 
probable that our cavalry will occupy Westmoreland Court-House to 
cover embarkation of what you bring up to that point. You will 
enforce the strictest discipline, and exact from all a strict compliance 
with orders upon the march, and summarily punish any unauthorized 
plundering, it being understood Ihat everything taken is for the use 
of the Government. Anything more than this is nothing less than 
robbery. 

Yours, &c., 

JOHX F. REYNOLDS, 

[25.] Major-General of Volunteers. 



Headquarters First Army Corps, 

February 13, 1863. 
Colonel Gavin, 

Commanding Seventh Indiana Regiment: 

I inclose copies of instructions from headquarters Army of the Poto- 
mac, with a sketch* of the peninsula below. Supposing the boats to be 
ready at Belle Plain to-day, you will embark your command and sail 
through the night for some landing near IMattox Creek, and proceed to 
carry out the instructions contained therein with regard to forage 
rebel soldiers, contrabands, t^c. Proceeding, intercei)t a mail and go 
on down to some landing at Nomini Bay, to which point you will direct 
the boat to meet you. If you can learn of anything at Leedstown which 
will make that place worth while visiting, you can do so; you might 

'Not found. 



Chap. LXin.) CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 987 

possibly fiud a mail there. You will enforce the strictest discipline 
and obedience upon the part of every one, and punish summarily any 
unauthorized plundering. Everything taken is for the use of the Gov- 
ernment; anything otlier than this is robbery. It is probable that 
some of our cavalry will be sent to Westmoreland Court- House. 
Yours, &c., 

.JOHN F. UEYNOLDS, 
[lJj">. I Major- General of Volunteers, Vommandin;/, 



Heabqttabteks First Army Corps, 

February 12, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton, 

Commanding Cavalry Division : 

General: I am directed to send down an infantry expedition (to be 
absent three or four days) as far as Heathsville, and to (tome up along 
the river for the purpose of gathering in forage and breaking up any 
depots tliey may find, &c. I expect them to get oft' this evening so as 
to land to-morrow morning early, the 13th, and was directed to notify 
the cavalry in my froTit. It is important that none of the citizens 
shoTild know of the movement. Will you please notify your cavalry of 
this in such a manner as to avoid its being made public, and if you 
Lave no direct instructions in the matter, would like a regiment of 
cavalry sent down as far as Westmoreland Court- House to cover the 
embarkation of such i)roperty as may be brought in at Noniini Bay. I 
send this by my aide de camp, Captain Wadswoi'tli, who will carry any 
order yon may have to the cavalry and accompany any party you may 
send out. 

J. F. REYNOLDS, 

[25.] Major- General. 



General Orders, ') Headquarters Third Corps, 

[• Army of the I'otomac, 

No. 1. ) Boseohel, February 12, 18(13. 

In obedience to General Orders, No. G, paragraph 1, headquarters 
Army of the Potomac, current series, the undersigned assumes com- 
mand of the Third Army Corps. The following staff are announced: 
Ca])t. O. H. Hart, assistant adjutant-general; Lieut. Robert H. Torre, 
acting aide-de-camp; Surg. Thomas Sim, medical director ;Capt.H.D.F. 
Young, ordnance officer; Capt. Van B. Bates, provost marshal, who will 
be respected and obeyed accordingly. The headquarters of the corps 
are established at Boscobel, formerly occupied as headquarters of the 
Second Division. 

D. E. SICKLES, 
[25.] Brigadier-General,*Commandin(f Third Corps. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

February 15, 1863. 
Lieut. R. S. Mackenzie, 

Engineers : 
(Throngh Lieutenant Cross.) 
Tlie work to be done at Potomac Creek will consist of (1) a small 
redoubt thirty or forty feet square on the highest point shown you; 
(2) an oblong closed work, with two or perhaps three barbettes for 



988 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT 8. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXUI. 

field guus in the lower position, the length of this work about forty 
yards; (3) the palisading with parapet toward the river at the end of 
the bridge, and (4) a semicircular work to cover the block -house on 
the left bank of the creek. If the block-house can be sunk two or 
three feet it should be done, as it would save work. The work cover 
ing the block-house from artillery fire should be at least twelve feet 
from it and with a banquette. A working party of GOO men is ordered. 
To employ this force it will be necessary to begin on all the works. 
The working party will be under yoiu' control. Lieutenant Cross will 
furnish you any assistance he can. 

C. B. COMSTOCK, 
Lieutenant of Ewjineers and Chief Engineer Army of the Fotomac. 



Headquakters Third Army Corps, 

February 26, 1863—13 m. 
Brig. Ceu. S, Williams, 

Assistant Adjutant- General, Army of the Potomac: 
General: Colonel Bailey, commanding outposts, reports that after 
examining the dragoons whom he arrested yesterday for shamefully 
passing through his lines to the rear when attacked by the enemy, aiid 
finding some of them hurt by falling from their horses and one wounded, 
he let them go. The orders received last night will be strictly observed 
in the case of other stampeders who fall into Colonel Bailey's hands. 
Colonel Bailey reports a large force of our cavalry passing his post 
about 3 o'clock this morning. Colonel Bailey expresses confidence in 
the means at his disposal to repel any attack which may be made by 
Lee's cavalry. 

I am, general, very respecttnlly, your most obedient servant, 

D. E. SICKLES, 
[25.1 Brigadier- Oeiieral, Commanding. 



General Orders, ) Hdqrs. 1st Div., 1st Army Corps, 

^ Army of the Potomac, 

No. IG. ) Near Belle Plain, March 1, 1S63. 

The undersigned hereby assumes command of the First Division, 
First Army Cori)s, Army of the Potomac. 

G. E. PAUL, 
[25.] Brigadier-General of Volunteers, Commanding. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

March 1, ISCS. 
Captain Potter, 

Assistant Adjutant-General, Defenses of Washington: 
Having marched ninety miles in less than forty-eight hours in endeav 
oring to accomplish the object for which it was sent out, it would be 
advisable to let my command rest for the day, where they have plenty 
of forage, at Falmouth Station. Will march at G o'clock to-morrow. 
If absolutely necessary can start immediately. If so, please telegraph. 
Koads very bad.* 

P. WYXDHAM, 
[25.] Colonel, Commanding. 

•For reply, see Heintzelman to Butterlield, Vol. XXV, Part H, p. 115. 



ciiap. lxiii.j correspondence, etc. union. 989 

Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, March 4, 1863, 
Brig. Gen. W. L. Elliott, Carlide, Pa. : 

You will proceed without delay to Winchester, \''a., tliere to report 
for duty to Brigadier-General Milroy. 
By command of Major-General Scheuck: 

WM. D. WHIPPLE, 

[25.J Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Fourth Army Corps, 

YorJctown, Va., March 7, 1863. 
Major-General Dix, 

Commanding Department of Virginia: 

Sir: As yet I have obtained no reliable information concerning the 
landings on the Pamunkey. The chau}>e of commanders of the gun- 
boats has caused some unavoidable delay. Commander Creighton 
thinks he will get some news from that quarter shortly, and I will go 
up to West Point to-morrow with him and point out such features of 
the country as I am acquainted with. He has spies out at this time. 
One of the two scouts sent out from the Fifth Pennsylvania Cavalry 
was left sick by his comi>anion in the woods. He has not yet returned, 
and I fear he has fallen into the hands of the enemy. It is very diffi- 
cult to penetrate the eneray^s lines, and the reports brought by refugees 
are too conflicting to be relied upon. It appears to be nearly certain 
that the enemy has a force at the White House, at or near Slatersville, 
and at Diascond bridge. Their jjickets guard the shore of the Pamun- 
key from the White House down to the mouth, and we shall not be 
able to land without their notice, and perhaps not without their oppo- 
sition. The new regiments are doing well in their drill generally, and 
it will be dangerous to trust them before the enemy until they reach a 
certain point of discipline and instruction. 
I remain, &c., 

E. D. KEYES, 

[18.J Major-General, 

Headquarters Ninth Army Corps, 

Newport News, Va,, March 8, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. O. B. Willcox : 

General : I have the honor to inform you that in consequence of 
the temporary absence of Major-General Smith the command of the 
corps devolves upon you. 

P>y command of Major-General Smith : 

NICOLAS BOWEN, 
Lieutenant- Goloncl and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, March 8, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Kelley, 

Commanding, &c., Harper^s Ferry, Va, : 
General : In view of the present state of aft'airs in Western Vir- 
ginia the general commanding appreciates your xjreference of a com- 
mand west of Harner's Ferrv. He will organize the First Division, 



990 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. (Chap. LXIII. 

therefore, for you, to cousist of the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Brigades 
mimed ou the ])lau submitted to you, leaviug the other three brigades 
at Maryland Heiglits, Ilaiper'.s Ferry, and Martiusburg, to constitute 
a division for Brigadier-General Eoberts. Tlio objection to this assign- 
ment for you is that it will reduce your command below what you 
ought to have. However, besides its political importance you will be 
expected to claim and add to it all or most of the regiments of General 
Moor's brigade, sending only to Brigadier-Cxoneral JMilroy the two Vir- 
ginia regiments which formerly belonged to his division. With a view 
to this it is desirable that you should as soon as possible communicate 
with Brigadier-General Moor, and send to these headquarters a memo- 
randum of the forces which may be properly claimed as belonging to 
the Eighth Army Corps, to be organized into a fourth brigade for you. 
Ascertain and st.ate also where those several regiments are now sta- 
tioned and by whom severally commanded. "With reference to this 
change you had better, perha])s, in anticipation of it as soon as con- 
venient after Brigadier-General Koberts has arrived and is settled at 
Maryland Heights, retain again and establish your headquarters at 
Cumberland, or at such point west of Martinsburg or Cumberland as 
seems best to you. Before you leave Harper's Ferry, however, you 
will proceed to make the changes heretofore indicated by the general 
commanding in the disposition of the troops at that point, putting 
Brigadier-General Kenly's brigade, consisting of four or five regiments 
of Maryland infantry, the Fourteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry, the Balti- 
more battery of light artillery, and Seventeenth Battery Indiana 
Light Artillery, on the Virginia side of the river, and the rest of the 
forces there, including the New York and Massachusetts heavy artil- 
lery, on Maryland Heights and Maryland side. The general command- 
ing will postpone announcement of any new organization until the 
Senate adjourns, which must be in a few days. This is ou account of 
Col. B. F. Smith and Colonel Morris being nominated, as he under- 
stands, for brigadier-generals. If Colonel Morris is confirmed, he can 
command a brigade on Maryland Heights under Brigadier General 
Iloberts, and thus relieve from the objection of Colonel Staunton, 
Colonel Schley, or another Maryland colonel having that command. 
I have the honor to bo, your most obedient servant, 

W. H. CHESEBEOUGH, 
[25.] Assistavt Adjutant- General. 



Hdqrs. Middle Depabtment, Eighth Aiimy Coups, 

Baltimore, March 8, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Mileot, 

Comvianding t^econd Division : 

General : The general commanding having sent the Twelfth Penn- 
sylvania Cavalry, heretofore stationed at Martinsburg and Kearneys- 
ville, to report to yon and become a part of your command, there is now 
no cavalry remaining upon that part of the railroad except the four 
companies of the Potomac Home Brigade. He advises, therefore, that 
the scouting of your cavalry should be frequently westward, so as to 
cover the approaches toward Martinsburg, Kearneysville, and that 
direction generally. 

I am, very respectfully, your most obedient servant, 

W. H. CHESKBROUGH, 

[25.] Assistant Adjtitant- General. 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 991 



Headquarters Fourth Army Corps, 

Yorlctown, Ta., March 8, 1863. 
Lieut. Col. L. H. Pelouzb, 

Asst. Adjt. Gen., Seventh Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia: 
Colonel: I have the honor to report, in addition to the testimony 
famished by the deserter from the enemy yesterday, that a negro ia 
the employ of Captain Coffin, post commissary, was in Gloucester County 
on the evening of the Cth instant. He reports that when about five 
miles out from the point he saw a large force, composed of cavalry and 
artillery. Of the latter there were five pieces, one large gun drawn by 
eight horses. Of the others, two at least were brass. When he saw 
them they were moving toward Gloucester Court-House. He afterward 
"was at the house where Creneral Lee (he described him as an old look- 
ing man) dined or took tea, and from the servants he learned that Lee 
had told the mistress of the house that he had 5,000 men with him. 
The negro thought that there were not so many ; that he had come 
down with the intention of making an attack at Gloucester Point, but 
had retreated because he could not discover where the pickets were, 
either from want of proper guides or some other reason; that he 
intended to return to the attack, and meantime had leit two meji to 
ride around and gain all possible information about our pickets, &c.; 
that he intended to place the large gun somewhere above the Glouces- 
ter Point and shell Yorktown. One reason assigned for this falUng 
back was that some of his men had deserted, and he was afraid they 
would bring information of the movement to us. It will be seen that 
this testimony fully corroborates that furnished by the deserter, and 
seems to place beyond a doubt the fact that the enemy are planning an 
attack in considerable force upon our lines at Gloucester Point. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. D. KEYES, 
Ma,jor-General, Commanding Fourth Army Corps. 

P. S. — The above is the substance of an account given by an intelli- 
gent contraband. It corroborates the information brought by Smith, 
the deserter. 

[!«■] 

Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

March 'J, 1863. 
General B. Butterpield, 

Chief of Staff: 
Sir: The works for the defense of Aquia Creek Landing and Acco- 
keek Creek railroad bridge having been finished to-day, I have no fur- 
ther need of details from General Geary's division. 
Very respectfully, 

C. B. COMSTOCK, 
Lieutenant of Engineern and Chief Engineer Army of the Potomac. 

[35.] 

General Orders, ) Headquarters First Division, 

No. 19. ) March 9, 1863. 

The undersigTied having been relieved from temporary command of 
the First Army Corps, hereby reassumes command of the First Division. 

JAS. S. WADSWORTH, 
Brigadier -General of Voltinteers, Commanding First Division, 



992 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXm. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

March 9, 1863. 
Commanding Officer Sixth Army Corps: 

Gbnerax: The commanding general expects that you will have 
your command iu complete readiness for service at any day; that the 
supply of arms, clothing, ec|uii)ments, pioneers' tools, ammunition, and 
all the necessary material will be so complete that by no possibility can 
there be the slightest delay, iu consequence of want of preparation, 
whenever you may be ordered to move. The general will hold yon 
responsible in the premises. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

JOS. DICKINSO]!T, 
[1»5.] Ansintant Adjutant- General. 



Hdqrs. Middlb Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, March i), ]8(>S. 

Brigadier-General Montgomery', 

Philadelphia : 
Lieut. Col. W. D. Whipple has been ordered to Philadelphia to take 
the command at that post, of Avhich you have been relieved by the War 
Department, and you will turn everytliing over to him when he anives. 
By order of Major-Geueral Schencli: 

W. H. CUESEBKOUGH, 
[25.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Fourth Army Corps, 

York-town, To., March 9, J8(i3. 
Col. D. T. Van Buren, 

Assistant Adjutant- General, Department of Virginia : 

Sir: It having beeu reported to me from several sources that a 
considerable force of the enemy's cavalry and artillery had approaclied 
to the neighborhood of Gloucester Point, I crossed the lines this morn- 
ing, attended by Brigadier-General Busteed and an escort of troopers, 
and discovered the ground they had occupied. Along a space of a lit- 
tle more than a mile in the road to Gloucester Court- House the enemy's 
cavalry and artillery remained in column from 12 o'clock Friday night 
till Saturday morning at dawn and then turned back. The head of 
their column was within a mile and a half of our i>ickets, and the 
remains of fires every twenty or thirty yards corroborate their i)res- 
euce. An old intelligent contraband who met the column and passed 
along its whole length told me they filled the road, and that it was 
General Fitzhugh I^ee's cavalry. He was questioned continually by 
the rebels, and after ex.amining him carefully myself I am convincell 
that they were under the command of that officer and that they num- 
bered about2,000 cavalry andtwopieeesof artillery. It has been reported 
by two contrabands that General llobert E. Lee came down with the 
cavalry. This report I do not altogether credit, though it is stated with 
great assurance that the old general was riding about with his two 
sons. 

I remain, with great respect, your most obedient sei'vant, 

E. D. KEYES, 

[18.] Major- General. 



Chap. LXIII.l COERESPONPENCE, ETC. — UNION. 993 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac. 

March 11, 1863. 
Major-General Sickles, Commanding Third Corps: 

General : One of our scouts brings information of an intended raid 
by tlie enemy. Tliei-e may be no truth in it. It will be well, however, 
to have vigilance enjoined upon pickets, reserves, &c., the troops kept 
generally in camps and arrangements made to forward prompt and reli- 
able information of any movement. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[25.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

March 12, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. S. Williams, 

Assistant Adjutant-General, Army of the Potomac: 
General: 1 have the honor to report that the enemy are busily 
engaged constructing an earth-work within short musket range of ]ny 
I)ickets on the opposite bank of the river. This work faces the river 
and commands what appears to be a practicable ford. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

I). E. SICKLES, 
[25.] Major-General, Commanding. 

Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, March 12, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. B. F. Kelley, 

Commanding First Division, Harper's Ferry, Va.: 

1 go to New York for three days, leaving Brigadier-General Morris, 
by authority of the President, in command during my absence. 

ROBT. C. SCHENCK, 
[25.] Major-General, Commanding. 

Headquarters Ninth Army Corps, 

Newport News, Ya., March 'l2, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. G. W. Getty, 

Commanding Third Division, Ninth Army Corps : 
General: Yon will please hold your division in readiness to go to 
Suffolk immediately. Steamers are expected by 9 o'clock to-morrow 
morning to take off 2,000 or 3,000. You will take tents and camp 
equipage. 

Verv respectfully, your obedient servant, 

O. B. WILLCOX, 
[18.] Brigadier-General, Commanding Corps. 



Headquarters Ninth Armt Corps, 

Newport News, Va., March 17, 1863. 
General Sturgis, Commanding Second Division : 

You will have your division prepared to move at a moment's warning. 
Bv command of Brigadier-General Willcox: 

N. BOWEN, 
fl8.] Lieutenant-Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 

63 K R — vol LI, PT I 



994 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W.VA. [Chap. LXm. 

Headquarters Ninth Army Corps, 

Newport News, Va., March 17, 1863. 
Colonel Hawkins: 

The Ninth Eegirnent New York Volunteers will remain at Newport 
News till further orders. 
By commaud of Brigadier-General Willcox : 

N. BOM^EN, 
[18.] Ziieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters District of Kanawha, 

No. 36. ] Charleston, Va., March 17, 1863. 

The Fifth and Thirteenth Regiments Yirginia Volunteer Infantry, 
Lieutenant Witcher's company, Third Virginia Cavalry, are hereby 
attached to the First Brigade, District of Kanawha, and will imme- 
diately report to Col. R. B. Hayes, commanding. 
By command of Brig. Gen. E. P. Scammon : 

JAS. L. BOTSFORD, 
[25.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, March 19, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Roberts, Comdg., dbc, Harper^s Ferry, Va. : 

Tou will order the Sixth Maryland and the Sixty-seventh Pennsyl- 
vania back to Harper's Ferry. 
By order of Major-General Schenck : 

W. H. CHESEBROUGH, 
[25.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Department of Washington, 

No. 36. i March 21, 1863. 

5. The troops of General Casey's division will immediately take post 
as follows: First Brigade, Colonel Fesseuden, at Chantilly; Second 
Brigade,"three regiments at Wolf Run Shoals and two regiments at 
Union Mills; Third Brigade, General Hays, at Centerville, where Gen- 
eral Casey will establish his headquarters. One battery of this divis- 
ion will be stationed at Wolf Run Shoals, one battery at Union Mills, 
and two batteries at Centerville. 

»**»*♦* 

7. Maj. Gen. J. Stahel is assigned to the command of the division of 
cavalry south of the Potomac, to be composed of the following bri- 
gades: First Brigade, Brig. Gen. J. T. Copeland, Fifth, Sixth, and 
Seventh Michigan Cavalry; Second Brigade, Col. R. Butler Price, Sec- 
ond Pennsylvania Cavalry, First Vermont Cavalry, First Michigan 
Cavalry, squadron First Ohio Cavalry; Tliird Brigade, Col. T. M. 
Bryan, Fifth New York Cavalry, First Virginia Cavalry, Eighteenth 
Pennsylvania Cavalry. 

9. The brigade of cavalry under General J. T. Copeland is relieved 
from daty with General Casey's division and will report to Major- 
General Stahel. 

10. The Ninth Michigan Battery, horse artillery. Captain Daniels, is 
relieved from General Barry's command, and is assigned for duty with 
cavalry division under Major-General Stahel. 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 995 

11. Maj. Gen. Julius Stahel will establish his cavalry reserves and 
his owu headquarters at Fairfax Station, and will make the necessary 
dispositions to cover with his forces the whole front from the Occoquan 
along EuU liun to the mouth of Goose Creek. 

12. Commanders of divisions and separate brigades south of the Poto- 
mac will apply to Major-General Stahel, commanding cavalry division, 
for orderlies and mounted men necessary for their headquarters. 

13. Col. Percy Wyndham is relieved from duty in this department 
and will join his command in the Army of the Potomac. The major- 
general commanding seizes this occasion to express his high apprecia- 
tion of the energy, gallantry, and devotion to the service of Colonel 
Wyndham, and to thank him for his services while in command of a 
cavalry brigade in this department. 

By command of Major-General Heiutzelman : 

CAREOLL H. POTTER, 

[25.] Assistant Adjutant- Getter al. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac, 

No. 80. J Camp near Falmouth, March 23, 1863. 

******* 

5. Brig. Gen. Charles K. Graham, volunteer service, will report for 
duty with Birney's division. Third Corps. 

«**«*«« 

By command of Major-General Hooker: 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[25.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 

No. 76. ] March 3-i, 1863. 

»#**»#* 

8. Commanding officer of First Division will detail 200 men, with a 
complement of officers from the Fourth Brigade, to proceed under the 
command of Colonel Fairchild, Second Wisconsin Volunteers, on an 
expedition (with two days' cooked rations and three days' small rations 
and bread, the latter to be sent to the landing in wagons; greatcoats, 
blankets, and haversacks) to be ready to move at 4 p. m. on the 25th 
instant. Colonel Fairchild will report at headquarters First Division 
at 10 a. m. to-morrow for orders. 

By command of Brigadier- General Wadsworth : 

T. E. ELLSWORTH, 

[25.] Captain and Aide-de-Gamp. 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 

No. 77. i March 23, 1863. 

**##*»# 

5. Brig. Gen. Lysander Cutler, volunteer service, having reported 
for duty to these headquarters, will report to the commanding officer 
of First Division for assignment. 

# *• * * # * 

By command of Major-General Reynolds: 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 

[25.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



996 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIU. 

Special Oedees, ) Wae Dept., Adjt. Geneeal's Office, 

No. 141. ) Washington, March 26, 1863. 

**#•*»♦ 

9. Brig. Gen. E. W. Hinks, U. S. Volunteers, will report in person, 
without delay, to the Adjutant-General of the Army for court-martial 
duty. 

By order of the Secretary of War : 

E. D. TOWNSBND, 

[25.] Assistant Adjutant- Oeneral. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqes. Aemy of the Potomac, 

No. 83. ) Camp near Falmouth, March 26, 1863, 

7. Brig. Gen. Thomas A. Kowley, volunteer service, will report in 
person to the major-general conimauding First Corps for assignment to 
a brigade. 

**##*♦• 

By command of Major-General Hooker : 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[25. J Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Hdqes. Middle Department, Eighth Army Coeps, 

Baltimore, Md., March 26, 1863. 

Maj. Gen. K. H. Mileoy, 

Winchester, Va.: 

Instead of the Twelfth Pennsylvania Cavalry, send the First New 
York Cavalry, with Colonel McReynolds, to Berryville. Also send one 
regiment of infantry with him. Notify me of their moving, and I will 
send one or two regiments of infantry from Harper's Ferry. I want to 
establish a third brigade of your division at Berryville under command 
of Colonel McKeynolds. 

E. C. SCHENCK, 

[25.] Major-General, Gommatiding. 



Headquaetees Eighth Aemy Corps, 

Baltimore, March 26, 1863. 
Major-General Mileoy, 

Winchester, Va. : 
The Sixty-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry and Sixth Mary- 
land Volunteer Infantry will be transferred permanently to your com- 
mand and ordered to Berryville; also Captain Means' company of 
cavalry. Send with Colonel McKeynolds to Berryville a section of light 
artillery. 

W. H, CHESEBEOUGH, 
[25.] Lieutenant-Colonel and Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Chap. LXIU.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 997 

Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, Md., March 27, 1863. 
Maj. Gen. H. W. Halleok, 

General-in-Chief, Washington, J). C: 

General Milroy reports four regiments rebel cavalry and a battery 
near Front Eoyal. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

R. C. SCHENCK, 
1 25.] Major- General, Gommandiwj. 



Headquarters Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, Md., March 27, 1863. 
Major-General Milroy, 

Oommanding, &c., Winchester, Ya.: 
Instruct Colonel McReynolds to watcli and guard carefully tlie fords 
of the Sbeuandoali and to scout the gaps. 
Very respectfully, 

M^ H. OHESEBROUGH, 
[25. J Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General, 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, March 27, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. B. F. Kelley, 

Commanding, &c., Cumberland, Md.: 
General : By General Orders, No. 19,* which will be issued to-mor- 
row, you are assigned to the command of the First Divisiou of this 
army corps, specially charged with the protection and defense of the 
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad from Moiiocacy bridge to the Ohio River. 
You will proceed immediately to Harper's Ferry, where you will at 
presentmake your headquarters and relieve Brigadier-General Roberts, 
who has been assigned to the command of the Fourth Separate Brigade. 
You will confer freely and fully with Geiieral Roberts, who is not so 
familiar with the country in which he is to operate as you are, and give 
him all the information you can as he may desire in relation to that 
locality, the people, and the points where troops are stationed and their 
connections. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

WM, H. OHESEBROUGH, 
[25.] Lieutenant-Colonel and Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, Md., March 27, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Roberts, 

Commanding, dtc, Harper's Ferry, Va. : 

General: Brig. Gen. A. Moor (colonel Twenty-eighth Regiment 
Ohio Volunteer Infantry) not having been confirmed by the Senate, it 
becomes necessary to assign another oflBcer to a command west of the 
mountains. General Orders, No. 20,t organizes the Fourth Separate 

* See Vol. XXV, Part II, p. 158. t See Vol. XXV, Part H, p. 163. 



998 MD., E, N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., &. W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

Brigade of this corps, composed principally of the troops which were 
under General Moor, and the command of that brigade is assigned to 
you. Tour headquarters may be for the present at Buckhannon, but 
to be transferred to Beverly or elsewhere as the season advances and 
as the exigencies and conveniences of the service may, in your judg- 
ment, require. The other troops of General Cox's command which 
were transferred to this department with the District of Western Vir- 
ginia will remain under the command of Brig. Gen. E. P. Scammon. 
General Cox himself will not remain in or return to Western Virginia. 
Brigadier-General Kelley is familiar with the geography, people, and 
location of troops within the district of country or region wherein your 
operations will be, and you are directed to confer with bim in order to 
obtain the fullest information he can give you. On consultation with 
the Secretary of War and General-inCliief at Washington, and con- 
sidering the special character of the service, it has been thought best 
that all the troops employed on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad from 
the Monocacy to the Ohio River should be under one command, and 
that General Kelley, who has been so long on the duty, should be jdaced 
in charge of that protective force. Your command will be an independ- 
ent one, reporting directly to these headquarters. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

WM. H. CHESKBROUGH, 
[25.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Ordees, ) Headquaeteks Fiest Aemt Coeps, 

No. 79. ( March 27, 1863. 

3. Brig. Gen. Thomas A. Rowley, volunteer service, will report in 
person to Brigadier- General IJoubleday, commanding Third Division, 
for assignment to a brigade. 

By command of Major-General Reynolds: 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 

[25.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant-Oeneral. 



Headquaetees Thied Army Corps, 

March 30, 1863. 
His Excellency the Peesident: 

Sir: I have the honor to commend to the attention of Your Excel- 
lency the services of Prince Salin, of Prussia, a colonel in the Eighth 
New York Volunteers, with reference to his promotion. This distin- 
guished officer has shared with us for more than a year the fortunes of 
our eventful war. He brought to our cause the experience of several 
campaigns in Europe and the professional advantages of a thorough 
military education. This is the first instance in which I have ventured 
to address a recommendation to the (iovernmeut in behalf of any offi- 
cer not serving in my own command, nor should I feel justified in this 
deviation from the rule hitherto prescribed for myself unless I had 
enjoyed the opportunity to assure myself of the eminent ability and 
worth of Colonel Salm. If he has not before been brought more directly 
to the notice of Your Excellency it is none the less flattering to his 
unobtrusive merit. And I am sure that it will be gratifying to the 
people of his country to see that the zeal and devotion of one who 
following the illustrious example of La Fayette and Steuben, has been 
signalized by that recognition which, fairly earned in the field and 



Chap. LXm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 999 

generously bestowed by those in authority, confers upon a soldier a 
recouTpense not more welcome than just. The regiment which Colonel 
Salm commands will be mustered out of service in the latter part of 
April. Unless promoted to the rank of brigadier-general, for which he 
is abundantly qualified, the service will lose in his unwilling retirement 
one of its most accomplished and faithful officers. 

I am, sir, very respectfully, your most obedient servant, 

D. E. SICKLES, 
[25.] Major- General^ Commanding, 



Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

March 31, 1863. 
Major-General Butteefield, 

Chief of Staff: 
Sir : In case a siege of Eichmond is deemed among the possibilities 
of the coming campaign, I think the chief quartermaster should be 
notiiied that he may be called on to furnish on our arrival in front of 
Ilichmond 10,000 shovels, 6,000 picks, 5,0(i0 axes, and 2,000 shingling 
hatchets; that the Engineer Department should hold in readiness 30,000 
sand bags, and that the secret service should, if possible, obtain authen- 
tic maps of the defenses of Eichmond, either through their agents or 
by the public offer of large rewards. Such maps would be of no less 
value in case of an assaiilt than iu case of a siege. In the first case 
they would save valuable time that would otherwise be spent in select- 
ing the proper point of attack, or might indicate at once that point. 
Such maps are undoubtedly in existence. Copies or originals may per- 
haps be obtained. It is believed to be impossible to compile such maps 
here from information given by persons who enter our lines, so as to 
obtain witb sufficient accuracy either the strength of the works or the 
character of the ground around them. 
Very respectfully, 

C. B. COMSTOOK, 
Lieutenant of Engineers and Chief Engineer Army of the Potomac. 

[25.J 

Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

March 31, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Bieney : 

General : It is reported from the outposts that the enemy is ap- 
proaching our lines in considerable force. You will please hold your 
command in readiness for a prompt movement. 
By command of Major-General Sickles : 

O. H. HAET, 
Assistant Adjutant-General, 
(Same to Brigadier-General Whipple.) 
125.J 

Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

March 31, 1863. 
Major-General Berry, 

Commanding Second Division : 
General: Have your picket and grand guard on the alert, and see 
that the commanding officer of your outpost is iu communication with 



1000 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. "W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXITL 

the advance guard of cavalry and with the general officer of outposts 
on your right and left. 

By command of Major-General Sickles : 

O. H. HART, 

[25. 1 Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Executive Mansion, 

Washington, April 3, 18(13. 
Major-General Hookek: 

Our plan is to pass Saturday night on the boat; go over from Aquia 
Creek to your camp Sunday morning; remain with you till Tuesday 
morning, and then return. Our party will probably not exceed six 
persons of all sorts. 



[25.] 



A. LINCOLN. 



Headquakteks Army of the Potomac, 

April 3, 1863. 
To His Excellency the President of the United States : 

Your telegram of to-day has just been received by me. I am rejoiced 
to learn that you have appointed a time to visit this army, and only 
regret that your party is not as large as our hospitality. Your wishes 
will be secured at Aquia on your arrival. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

JOSEPH HOOKEE, 
[25.J Major-General. Commanding. 



[ludorsemeut on coinmuuicatioii of Brie. Geii. A. A. Hnmphreye, dated March 28, 1863, and printed in 

Vol. XIX, Part I, p. 368.] 

April 3, 1863. 
As General Halleck did not oppose General Humphreys' promotion, 
but on the contrary supported General Burnside's recommendation for 
such promotion, tlie whole motive of General Humphreys' complaints 
falls to the ground. 

H. W. HALLECK, 
[19.] General-in-Chief. 

Headquarters Fourth Army Corps, 

Fort Yorktown, Va., April 1, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. RuFUS KING, 

Commanding Brigade: 
Generai.: The commanding general directs me to state that he 
desires to have an expedition sent into Gloucester (^ounty early 
to-morrow morning, for the purpose of reconnoitering the country, to 
discover if ])ossible the movements of the enemy, who are reported to 
be hovering about our lines, and also to bring in a quantity of grain 
known to be collected for the rebel army. The force will consist of 300 
infantry from the Fourth Delaware Volunteers, the battalion of the 
Second Massachusetts Cavalry now at Gloucester Point, and 100 cav- 
alry from the Sixth New York and Fifth Pennsylvania Cavalry, who 
will be sent across the river at 6 in the morning, the whole to be under 



Chap. LXUI.] CORllESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1001 

command of Ool. A. H. Grimshaw, Fourth Delaware Volunteers, to 
whom the commanding general desires you will give the necessary 
instructions. These will be to start as soon as the cavalry from 
this side report to him, to scour well the country, observing all neces- 
sary precaution to prevent a mishap; to have always an advance guard 
and flankers well out, so that if approached by an overwhelming force 
they can easily fall back, for it is not expected that they will be takeu. 
In any event, it is not the general's desire that they go farther than 
where the grain is stored — Colonel Tabb's. The post quartermaster 
has been directed to furnish each cavalryman, to the extent of his 
ability, with a grain sack ; this to the end that as much as possible may 
be loaded and brought in, and the general desires that all that cannot 
be taken away in that manner be destroyed. The men should be 
provided with one day's cooked rations. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

0. C. SUYDAM, 
[18.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquakters Fourth Akmy Corps, 

Fort Yorlitotvn, Va., April 5, 18G3. 

Lieutenant-Commander Gillis, U. S. Navy, 

Henior Officer at Yorktown: 

Siu: I have to acknowledge the receipt of your report of the 2d 
instant to Acting Kear- Admiral S. P. Lee of your recent successful 
expedition to Mobjack Bay. I also acknowledge your letter to me of 
the 4th instant. It is exactly in accordance with my wishes to con- 
tinue my co-operation with you in destroying the resources of the 
rebels. In order that no time may be lost, will you do me the favor to 
come on shore at once, and we will arrange an expedition for to-morrow. 
I remain, very respectfully and truly, your obedient servant, 

E. D. KEYES, 

[18. ] Major- General. 

TSTavy Departjvient, 
Washington, 1>. C, April 6, 1863 — 8 p. m. 
Major-(Jeueral Hooker, 

Headquarters : 
There is reasonable ground to expect important news hourly from 
Charleston via Eichmoud. Will you be on the qui vive for anything 
from the enemy opposite. 

G. V. FOX, 
[25.1 Assistant Secietary. 

Headquarters Department of Virginia, 

Fort Yorktozpn, Va., April 7, 1863 — 6 a. m. 
Colonel Grimshaw, 

Commanding, <fec. ; 
Sir: Your orders were given with a view to your return to Glouces- 
ter Point to-night. It was supposed you might otherwise be subject to 
capture by the enemy's cavalry. If you can make such arrangements 
as to be certainly protected by the gunboats, you are authorized to 
remain out till to-morrow night. The enemy's cavalry are so numerous 



1002 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXtn. 

that I do not think it at all prudent for you to remain all night, unless 
you can have their full protection. You must retire from any point 
before an overwhelming force. 

I remain, respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. D. KETES, 
[18.] Major- General. 



Headquarters Fourth Army Corps, 

Fort Yorktown, Va., April 9, 1863, 
Maj. Gen. H. W. Halleck, 

General ill-Chief : 
Generax: I have the honor to send for your information the follovc- 
ing extract from the testimony of two refugees from the South, citizens 
of Prussia, who have just come through Richmond, on their way from 
South Carolina to Europe. They state: 

That at aboat 10 a. m. on Friday, tbe 3d instant, a vast assemblage of women, num- 
bering at least 4,000, congregated in the park in front of tbe capitol and clamorously 
demanded bread for their starving families. Jefif. Davis appeared on the steps of 
tbe capitol and made a speech to the crowd, promising them money, which they 
declared to be worthless, and his voice was drowned amid cries for " bread ! " "the 
Union ! " "No more starvation ! " &c. The crowd then proceeded to the general com- 
missary depot, which was broken into and a large quantity of stores carried off by 
the people. Davis remarked that such disgraceful affairs were worse than Union 
victories. 

This account so entirely corroborates those published in the papers 
of yesterday, and is besides so much more minute than those reports, 
that 1 deemed its communication to the Headquarters of the Army as 
of sufficient importance. 

I have the honor to be, general, your obedient servant, 

E. D. KETES, 
[18.] Major- General, Commanding Department of Virginia. 



[Indorsement ou commiiiiicatiou of Brig. Gen. A. A. Humphreys, dated April a, 1863, aud printed in 

Vol. XIX, Part I, p. 373.] 

April 10, 1863. 
Another copy of this communication was indorsed by me to the Sec- 
retary of War. No further action seems necessary. 

H. W. HALLECK, 
[19-] General-in-CMef. 

Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Department of Washington, 

No. 55. ) April 11, 1863. 

1. The following assignment is made of medical ofiicers iu this 
department: Surg. J. W. Fitzpatrick, TJ. S. Volunteers, to rejwrt to 
Maj. Gen. Julius Stahel, as medical director of the cavalry division- 
Surg. W. S. Thompson, U. S. Volunteers, to report to Col. H. G. Sickel' 
as medical director of the Pennsylvania lieserve Corps. ' 

* # # # ^ =» i/f 

7. The following designated troops will be immediately prepared to 
take the field. They must be ready by the morning of the 13th 
instant: Twetity-iifth aud Twenty-seventh Maine Volunteers; Twelfth 
Thirteenth, Fourteenth, Fifteeuth, Sixteenth, and Tenth Veimont Vol- 
unteers; Thirty-ninth, One hundred and eleventh. One hundred and 



CHAP. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 1003 

twenty-fifth, One hundred and twenty sixth, One hundred and eight- 
eenth. One hundred and fifty-second, One hundred and sixty-ninth, 
One hundred and forty-first. One hundred and twenty-seventh. One 
hundred and forty-second, One hundred and forty third, One hundred 
and forty-fourth, One hundred and fifty third, and One hundred and 
seventeenth New York Vohmteers; Second Connecticut Battery; First 
Rhode Island Light Artillery, Company H; Keystone (Pennsylvania) 
Battery; Eleventh and Ninth Massachusetts Batteries ; Thirty-ninth, 
Fortieth, and Thirty-fourth Massachusetts Volunteers ; Fourteenth New 
Hampshire Volunteers; Tenth New Jersey Volunteers; Twenty-second 
and Nineteenth Connecticut Volnuteers; Seventeenth, Twelfth, Six- 
teenth, Nineteenth, and Twenty-seventh New York Batteries; Twenty- 
sixth Michigan Volunteers; Eleventh Rhode Island Volunteers, and 
First Delaware Battery. 

8. Each regiment of infantry will provide itself with forty rounds of 
ammunition in cartridge-boxes and sixty rounds in wagons to each 
man. Each battery of artillery will have its ammunition boxes filled 
and 200 rounds in wagons. 

9. The allowance of tents will be as follows: For each division and 
brigade commander, one wall-tent; to every two officers of their staff, 
one wall-tent; to the colonel, field and staff ofiicers of each full regi- 
ment, three wall-tents; to each officer commanding a battery, one wall- 
tent; to each company officer, one shelter-tent; to every two non- 
commissioned officers and sokliers, one shelter-tent. Commanders of 
regiments will draw immediately shelter-tents as prescribed, but no 
issue thereof will be made to the men without orders from these head- 
quarters. The authorized allowancie in each case will correspond with 
the proiiortionate strength of the regiment. 

10. Officers' baggage will be limited to blankets, a small valise or 
carpetbag, and a reasonable mess kit. 

11. The troops will have seven days' rations, of which three cooked 
will be carried in the haversack. 

******* 

By command of Major-General Heintzelman : 

CARROLL H. POTTER, 

[25.] Assistant Adjutant-Oeneral. 



Memoranda in reference to crossing Rappahannoclc. 

April 12, 1863. 
It is assumed that the force of the enemy within fifteen miles of Fied- 
ericksburg is probably 40,000 men and does not exceed 00,000. Cross 
30,000 men at Port Royal, with instruction to move out to Bowhng 
Green and Fredericksburg road. If the enemy is retreating by Tele- 
graph or Bowling Green road, to attack him in fiank ; if not, to move 
toward Fredericksburg and attack liim in rear. Simultaneously with 
tliis cross the balance of the army at Franklin's crossing and Smith- 
field. If the enemy could be persuaded to wait an attack anywhere, it 
would probably be in their old position, and yet prisoners say that noth- 
ing has been done to strengthen the place since the day after the tight. 
Attacked by nearly double his force, it is thought the position could be 
carried even if the enemy did not know there was a large detachment 
on his line of communications. If the navy can guarantee to have the 
pontoons in rafts of three or four boats at Port Royal at daylight in the 



1004 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. Lxm. 

morning, the bridge should be finished in three hours, and at night 
the detachment should be in position on the Bowling Green and Fred- 
ericksburg road and watching the Telegraph road. At Franklin's 
crossing the bridges should be ready at 8 a. m. Oavalr^', with two or 
three brigades of infantry to clear the way, should cross at United 
States Ford or at Banks' Ford, if possible, and act on the enemy's flank 
and rear. If it were deemed impracticable for the cavalry to force a 
passage at these points, as they would have a long detour to make, they 
should start the preceding day. In case of the crossings mentioned, 
the enemy would seem to have three courses to follow — first, to fall back 
at once; second, to send a detachment to meet ours toward Port Eoyal 
and to fight us at Franklin's crossing; third, to leave a rear guard at 
Franklin's crossing and throw his main force on our detachment near 
Port Koyal. In the first case both our main body and detachment should 
follow at once ; in the other two, both main body and detachments should 
attack as soon as they are in presence of the enemy. The cavalry should 
be prepared for the possibility of the enemy's falling back toward Gor- 
donsville. It would seem that nothing decisive would be effected by 
crossing the army at Banks' or United States Ford. The crossing 
would be on the enemy's left flank and he could not concentrate rapidly, 
but, on the other hand, if he fell back we should be seven or fifteen 
miles from his central masses when across the river. Prisoners have 
stated that when the attempt was made to cross at Banks' Ford very 
few of the enemy's troops were moved up, as they did not believe we 
could cross there. May not the true reason have been that tliey intended 
to fall back if we crossed and proposed only to resist the building of 
the bridges? 

O. B. OOMSTOCK, 
Captain of Engineers and Chief Engineer Army of the Potomac. 

(Handed General Hooker April 12.) 

[25.] 



Headqxtaeters Fourth Army Corps, 

Fort Yorktown, Fa., April 1;i, J 803. 
Maj. William P. Hall, 

Commanding Sixth Kew York Cavalry: 
Major : As Colonel West may be attacked in force at Fort Magruder 
at any time and your and our communication with him be cut off, the 
commanding general desires you to be governed by the following 
instructions until further orders: You will keep yourself constantly 
advised of the movements on the front, patrolling the country well to 
your front and flanks to detect any attempt of the enemy to get to the 
rear of Fort Magruder. In case you find your coinmunication with 
Colonel West cut off, you will report the fact at once to these headquar- 
ters. Captain Paul willthen be ordered to report at once to you, andwi th 
your command thus strengthened you will exercise the utmost care and 
vigilance in watching the enemy's movements. You will not retire to 
this fort until actually compelled to do so to insure the safety of your 
command, but will constantly patrol the roads and country generally 
and will make frequent reports to these headquarters of everything that 
occurs. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

C. C. SUYDAM, 
118.] Assistant Adjutant- Oeneral. 



Chap. LXm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1005 

Camp near Falmouth, Va., April 13, 1863. 
[General Geoege B. McClellan:] 

General : I read with great surprise recently tliat portion of your 
report upon the battle of Antietam, in which, when giving your reasons 
for not renewing the battle on the morning of the 18th and referring 
to the time of arrival of re-enforcements, you state — 

and Hamphieyd' di visiou of new troope, fatigued with forced marches, were arriving 
throughout the day, but were not available until near its close. * 

This statement does me and my command great injustice, and in con- 
nection with the circumstances under which I took command of that 
division in Washington and marched it to the Army of the Potomac, it 
has, I believe, done me a serious injury at the War Department. I know 
that the commander of an army of 100,000 men cannot, from personal 
observation, be acquainted with the movements and condition of each 
division, yet there were facts connected with the time at which my divis- 
ion joined the army at Antietam and the nnmber of men present when 
itlayin position in the rear of General Morell's division, and the time at 
which it occupied Morell's position when he vacated it, that I thought 
would have prevented any misapprehension or forgetfulness as to those 
points. First, as to the time at which my division arrived. It was not 
later than 7 o'clock on the morning of Thursday, the 18th of Septem- 
ber, when I reached your headquarters, having halted my command 
a quarter or third of a mile from it. I reported at once to General 
Williams, but some fifteen minutes elapsed before I was introduced to 
your tent, where apparently you had just finished breakfast. Tlie 
breakfast I partook of at your invitation refreshed me to such a degree 
that I shall not soon forget it. I mention it to recall the time to your 
recollection. Tour inquiries were directed to the strength of my div-is- 
ion, their ammunition, number and kind of pieces of artillery and their 
ammunition, my replies to which appeared to give you great satisfac- 
tion. The fact of their having marched all night and from about 4 or 
half past 4 the preceding afternoon, was of course well known to you, 
and to my remark that many had fallen out of the ranks and that the 
division would need a couple of hours of rest and refreshment before it 
could be worth much, you replied that that they could have during the 
day, to get them to the ground occupied by General Porter's corps. 
You stated briefly to me some of the chief events of the day before — 
particularly the position of General Burnside toward the close of the 
day — and at that time and in conclusion mentioned that you had not 
yet decided whether to renew the battle that morning. Between half 
an hour and an hour after leaving your tent I marched my division 
past your headquarters, and while it was passing through the cluster 
of houses called Keedysville you passed it on your way from your 
headquarters (to General Burnside's position 1 supposed). During the 
halt of an hour or an hour and a half, while I was at your headquar- 
ters, the greater part of tbose who had fallen out ou the march 
came up, and my division was about 6,000 strong when you passed it. 
Troops in Keedysville delayed its progress, but at 9.30, or at latest 10 
o'clock, it was in position 400 or 500 yards in rear of Morell's division 
on the reverse slope of the hill, the apex of which was occupied by 
General Porter and his staff. About an hour later General Morell 
evacuated his position and my division occupied it, filing past you as 
they did so. This was before midday, and I believe not later than 11 
o'clock. My division, all told, consisted of nearly 7,000 men. The 

* See Vol. XIX, Part I, p. 32. 



1006 MD., E, N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIU. 

morniug report on the 20th of September shows that about 500 men, 
sick and others, had been left behind by the brigades before they 
reported to me in Washington. There were therefore about 500 strag- 
glers, or men who had been unable to keep up during the night march 
of more than twenty-three miles, or rejoin their regiments when my 
division marched past your headquarters and took up the position in 
rear of Morell. As to the condition of my men for battle and their 
spirit, it is to be remarked that, unused to fatigue, their making such 
a march with the object of being up in time for the expected battle 
that day was good evidence before trial that they would do their duty, 
and they have proved it since. Eefreshed by two hours' rest and by 
food, they were ready to do their part in the expected encounter. Hav- 
ing, I hope, recalled the facts to your mind upon the points of time of 
arrival and numbers present, I now wish to present to you those respect- 
ing the forced marches I had made. In reality I had made but one — 
the night march that brought me to the Army of the Potomac. On 
Sunday, the 14th of September, at daylight, I marched from Washing- 
ton and reached Monocacy depot, three miles from Frederick, on Tues- 
day afternoon, having marched each day about fourteen or fitteen 
miles. Here I received orders from General Porter, commanding the 
cor])s to which my division was attached, to take post in front of Fred- 
erick, in order to cover it and to watch my left. I passed the next 
morning in examining my ground and country in front of Frederick, 
and making the necessary arrangements with the military governor of 
that town, &c., and was returning to camp to move my division when, 
at about 3.30 o'clock in the afternoon of Wednesday, the 17th, I 
received an order from you, signed by General Marcy, directing me 
to join the army. I set my division in motion immediately, and at sun- 
set, after marching live miles, received a communication from General 
Porter informing nie of the battle at Antietam, going on as he wrote, 
and directing me to mai'ch all night and join the army by daylight if 
possible. The eiiect with which I carried out those directions 1 
have just stated. I and my command thought we had done our duty 
under great difficulties in a manner that entitled us to approval. 
Nothing but the spirit of heroism would have carried jnen who had 
recently entered the service and who were unused to fatigue and hard- 
ship through that march. Their mortification at finding their acts not 
recognized, one sensitive to approbation may imagine. 1 am responsi- 
ble for their acts, and your report would make me as a laggard, and as 
such I am convinced it is received at the War Department. Under 
this conviction I have recited to that Department the facts I have just 
repeated to you,* with the hope you will do me and my command the 
justice of correcting the error I have pointed out. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

A. A. HUMPHKBYS, 
[19.] Brigadier- Oeneral. 

Special Obdees, ) Hdqrs, Department of WASHiNaioN, 

No. 57. J April 14, 1863. 

7. The following troops will embark at daylight to-morrow morning for 
Norfolk, reporting at Fort Monroe : The Second Brigade, General Aber- 
crombie's division, with the exception of the Sixteenth Virginia Volun- 
teers; the Third Brigade, General Abercrombie's division; the One 

*See A''ol. XIX, I'.irt I. k. 373. 



CHAP. LXm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1007 

liuTidred aud seventeenth New York Volunteers, of Colonel Haskin's 
division ; the Eleventh Ehode Island Volunteers, from the Convalescent 
Camp, and the One hundred and sixty-ninth New York Volunteers, 
from General Martindale's command. 

» W # w # * * 

By command of Major-General Heintzelman : 



CAREOLL H. POTTEK 



[2.5.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Oedeks, ) Hdqes. Department of Washington, 

No. 58. ) April 15, 1803. 

• **•**» 

2. Maj. Gen. Silas Casey, U. S. Volunteers, is relieved from the com- 
mand of his division. 

3. Brig. Gen. J. J. Abercrombie is relieved from the command of his 
division, aud will assume command of the division heretofore com- 
manded by Ma.jor-General Casey. 

4. General Abercrombie will establish his headquarters as desig- 
nated in Special Orders,No. 30, current series, from these headquarters. 

5. The Ninth Massachusetts Battery and Seventeenth New York 
Battery are detached from General Abercrombie's command, and will 
report to Col. H. G. Sickel, commanding Pennsylvania Reserves. 

G. Brig. Gen. R. O. Tyler will assume command of the Fourteenth 
Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, Second and Fourth New York Heavy 
Artillery, and will establish his headquarters at Arlington. 

7. The Sixteenth Regiment Virginia Volunteers is temporarily at- 
tached to Brig. Gen. R. O. Tyler's command. 

By command of Major-General Heintzelman : 

CARROLL H. POTTER, 

[25.1 Assistant Adjutant-General. 



War Department, 
Washington City, April 16, 1803—3.30 p. m. 
Major-General Dix: 

Thanks for your note and the newspapers just received. You shall 
have every man that can be spared. I am with you in the hope you 
can strike a good blow. 

EDWIN M. STANTON. 

[18.] 



Special Oedeks, ) Hdqes. Army of the Potomac, 

No. 104. ) Gamp near Falmouth, April 16, 1863. 

7. Brig. Gen. Francis C. Barlow, volunteer service, will report to the 
major-general commanding the Eleventh Army Corps, for assignment 
to a brigade in that corps. 

Bv command of Major-General Hooker: 
•^ . S. WILLIAMS, 

Assistant Adjutant- General. 



1008 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXni. 

Special Orders, ) Hdqbs, Department op Washington, 

No. 60. I April 17, 1863. 

* * * * m * * 

3. Brig. Gen. G. J. Staniiard will report to Brig. Gen. J. J. Aber- 
crombie lor assignment to the command of tbe Second Brigade, General 
Abercrombie's division. 

By command of Major-General Heintzelman : 

GAEKOLL H. PGTTEE, 

[25.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Newport Barracks, 

April 1~, 18(i3 — 7 ji- in- 
Major-General Peck : 

I have been out since daylight this morning reconnoitering Swans- 
borough and vicinity and have just returned, finding my scouts just in 
via Bogue Banks. They report that day before yesterday all the 
Georgians left excepting fifteen men. The reports that have been 
widely circulated of an increased force being sent this way is said in 
Swansborough to have been meant to cover the retirement of troops to 
Eichmond. There is no one at Jacksonville, no one at Piney Green; 
the twenty men at Palo Alto have been cut down to eight, and three 
remain at Smith's Mills. Some dismounted cavalry in Onslow County 
are reported to have been sent to Virginia as infantry. There are two 
men from Kingston, at home in Swansborough on furlough, fishing. All 
can easily be captured and I resjiectfully and earnestly beg permission 
to go over to-morrow night and do it — or go up tomorrow to New 
Berne and submit to you a plan that has been long in preparation to 
do it. It can be done with no risk, I think. 

EDW. n. EIPLEY, 

Colonel. , 

Please reply to-night. 

[18.] 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Department of Washington, 

No. 62. i April 19, IBCS. 

1. Thefollowing named regiments will embark to-morrow, 20th instant, 
at 6 a. m. at foot of Sixth street, Washington, for Fortress Monroe, 
and will report to iMaj. Gen. John A. Dix: Tenth New Jersey Volun- 
teers and One hundred and eighteenth New York Volunteers. A 
sergeant and ten men from each regiment will remain as a guard of its 
Government property until it can be properly disposed of. 

2. The following-named regiment will euibaVk to-morrow, 20th instant, 
at 6 a. ni. from pier No. 2, Alexandria, for Fortress Monme, and will 
report there to Maj. Gen. John A. Dix: Twenty sixth Michigan Volun- 
teers. A sergeant and ten men will remain as guard of its Government 
property until it can be ])roi)erly disposed of. 

3. The Second Brigade, Pennsylvania Eeserve Corps (except the 
detachment now on duty at the Convalescent Camii), will report Avith- 
out delay to Brig. Gen. John P. Slough, military governor of Alexandria. 

4. The Third Brigade, Pennsylvania Eeserve Corps (except the regi- 
ment now on duty at Vienna), will report without delay to Brig. Gen, 
J. H. Martindale, military governor of Washington, ]J. C. Each bri- 
gade will leave a small guard in charge of its Government property 
until it can be disposed of. 



Chap. LXin.] COERESPONDENCE, ETC.^ — UNION. 1009 

5. The First Heavy Artillery (Eleventh Vermont Volunteers) will 
report for temporary duty to Brig. Gen. J. H. Martindale, military 
governor of Washington, D. C. 

0. The Seventeenth New York and Eleventh Massachusetts Batteries, 
attached to the Pennsylvania lieserve Corps, will report temporarily 
to Brig. Gen. E. O. Tyler, commanding artillery, Defenses south of the 
Potomac. 

By command of Major-fJeneral Heintzelman : 

LEAVITT HUNT, 

[25.] Major and Acting Assistant Adjutant-General. 



New York, April 31, IMS. 
Brig. Gen. A. A. Humphreys, 

Fifth Corps, Army of the Potomac, Falmouth, Ya. : 
General : Your letter of the IStli instant is received. It will afford 
me pleasure to make the corrections your letter suggests in the full and 
final report I am now preparing. My impression has been that your 
command was not iu condition to be thrown into action until near the 
close of the 18th, if then; but I never attributed any blame to you or 
your troops for it, regarding it as the necessary result of circumstances 
beyond your control. I do not now see that any censure upon yourself 
could be implied from the paragraph you quote. None was intended. 
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. B. McCLELLAN, 
fl9.] Major- General, U. iS. Army. 



Special, Orders, ) Hdqrs. Department of Washington, 

No. 64. \ April 21, 1863. 

G. The One hundred and fifty-second New York Volunteers will em- 
bark at once from foot of Sixth street, Washington, D. C, for Fortress 
Monroe, and will report to Maj. Gen. John A. Dix, One sergeant and 
ten men will remain as a guard of its Government property until it can 
be properly disposed of. # 

By command of Major-General Heintzelman : 

CARKOLL H. POTTEE, 

[25.1 Assistant Adjutant-General. 

Special Orders, ) Headquarters of the Army, 

\ Adjutant-General's Office, 

No. 180. ) Washington, April 24, 18(13. 

Brig. Gen. J. H. Van Alen, U. S. Volunteers, will report to the com- 
manding general Army of the Potomac for assignment to duty. 
Bv command of Major-General Halleck : 

E. D. TOWNSEND, 
[18.1 Assistant Adjutant- General. 

General Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 

No. 51. ] April 24, 1863. 

Tlie commanding general takes occasion to thank the Twenty-fourth 
Michigan and Fourteenth Brooklyn liegimeuts, under Colonels Morrow 
64 R R— VOL Li, ft I 



1010 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. "W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

and Fowler, for the prompt manner in which they accomplished the 
object of tlie expedition to Port Eoyal.* The endurance shown by 
their march of nearly tliirty-six miles in twenty-four hours, during the 
very inclement weather of yesterday, proves their value as tried and 
experienced soldiers, and entitles them to the highest admiration and 
praise. 

By command of Major-General Reynolds: 

C. KINaSBURY, Jr., 

[25.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Hdqks. Middle Uepaktment, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, April 21, 11^63. 

Major-General Halleck, 

General-in-Chief, Washington, I). C: 
By telegram from Major-General Milroy I learn that the expedition 
under Brigadier-General Elliott is a success. Captured about 20 pris- 
oners and some 30 horses; 9 rebels killed; lost 2 in killed. 

EOBT. C. SCHENCK, 
[25.] Major-General, Commanding. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, April 25, 1863. 

Brigadier-General Kelley, 

Harper's Ferry, Ya. : 
Governor Peirpoint authorizes the calling out of Wheat's brigade of 
militia to aid Colonel Wilkinson, if needed. You will let me know 
accordingly, if wanted. I think it will not be necessary. 

EOBT. C. SCHENCK, 
[25.] Major-General, Commanding. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, April 25, 18G3. 
Brigadier-General Briggs, 

Commanding, &c. : 

General: You will immediately cause the One hundred and fifty- 
first Regiment jSTew York Volunteer Infantry, of your command, to 
proceed without delay to Monocacy bridge, there to remain with the 
Fourteenth New Jersey Volunteer Infantry, prepared for any move- 
ment that may be determined upon. They will go in light marching 
order, taking with them only their overcoats and blankets. Bach man 
must be sup])lied witii sixty rounds of ammunition and will carry two 
days' rations in his haversack. Lieutenant-Colonel Donaldson will fur- 
nish the necessary transportation. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

W. H. CHESEBROUGH, 

[25.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 

* See Vol. XXV, Part, I, p. 137. 



Chap. LXIII.) CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1011 

Camp Stevenson, Hdqrs, 44ra Rbgt. Mass. Vol. Militia, 

New Berne, April 25, 1863. 
Col. Henry T. Sisson, 

Commanding Fifth 'Regiment Rhode Island Volunteers: 

Colonel: At a meeting of the field, staff, and line ofiBeers, held in 
Washington, N, C, on Tuesday evening, April 21, Col. F. L. Lee pre- 
siding, the following resolutions were unanimously adopted : 

Whereas, during the late siege of Washington, N. C, when the town 
had been bombarded and all its communications cut off' for fifteen 
days, after several ineffectual attempts had been made to relieve the 
garrison and the enterprise had been virtually pronounced impracti- 
cable. Colonel Sisson volunteered the services of his regiment, and suc- 
ceeded, against every obstacle and discouragement, in running the 
blockade with the steamer Escort, thus bringing to the besieged forces 
the much-needed re- enforcements, ammunition, and supplies: 

Resolved, That in this achievement Colonel Sisson, with his brave 
regiment, has performed one of the most heroic acts of the war, and that 
this act, by so disheartening the enemy that within ten days he was led 
to retire, was the immediate cause of the raising of the siege. 

Resolved, That the members of the Forty-fourth Kegiment Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Militia feel that thanks are particularly due from 
them to their comrades in arms, who so generously volunteered their 
services and met so great risks in carrying succor to a brother regiment. 

Resolved, That as an expression of their gratitude and admiration, if 
it meet the wishes of the Fifth Rhode Island Regiment, a set of colors 
be presented to them, bearing a device commemorative of their act of 
gallantry. 

FRANCIS L. LEE, 
Col., Comdg. Forty-fourth Regt. Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. 

[18.] 

Headquarters Department op Washington, 

Aiwil 26, 1863—2 p. m. (Received 2.25 p. m.) 

Major-General Schenck, 

Commanding, Baltimore : 

I have the following: On the 21st Jones was at Harrisonburg and 
Imboden not far off; their whole force about 6,000. They had just 
issued ten day's rations and it was understood that they were intend 
ing to turn Milroy and destroy the railroad bridges on the Baltimore 
and Ohio Railroad at the month of South Branch of Potomac and 
Cacapon River, which has heretofore been done by Imboden. 

GEO. STONEMAN, 

[25.] Major-General. 

Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, April 26, 1863. 
Capt. Carroll H. Potter, 

Assistant Adjutant- General, War Department, Washington : 
In the valley in General Milroy's command 1 have three brigades — 
General Elliott's, Colonel Hay's, and Colonel McReynolds'. General 
Elliott has gone with his toward Moorefield; Colonel Hay remains 
still at Winchester, and Colonel McReynolds at Berryville. I have 
but three full regiments of cavalry. Two, the Twelfth and Thirteenth 



1012 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXUI. 

Peuusylvania, have gone with General Elliott; the other, the First 
New York, is with Colonel McReyuolds, and has been directed to scout 
up the valley aud along the Blue Eidge. - 

EOBT. C. SCHENOK, 
[25.J Major- General, Commanding. 

Hdqrs. Middle Depaetmbnt, Eighth Akjit Corps, 

Baltimore, April 26, 1863. 
Maj. Gen. E. H. Milroy, 

Commanding, &c., Winchester, Va.: 
Generax: The general commanding desires to express through you 
to Colonel McEeyuolds his great satisfaction at the success which 
attended the recent exi)editiou for the capture of the guerrilla chief 
Leopold, aud his high appreciation of the energy, boldness, and dis- 
cretion of the justly praised officers Lieutenants Powell, Wyckoff, and 
Means, as also of the brave men who were charged with its execution. 
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

W. H. CHESEBEOUGH, 
[25.] Assistant Adjutant- General, 

Hdqrs. Middle Departmeht, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, April 26, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Kelley, Harper^s Ferry, Va.: 

You have anticipated the general's desire. He was about to request 
you to go to New Creek. Eeport by telegram from different points as 
you proceed west. General Kenly must keep up dispatches from 
Harper's Ferry. 

WM. H. CHESEBEOUGH, 
[25.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Hdqrs. Middle Depa_rtmbnt, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, April 26, 1863 — 10 a. m. 
Col. William S. Truex, 

Commanding at Frederick City,Md.: 
You will hold the Fourteenth New Jersey Volunteers in readiness for 
movement at a moment's notice in light marching order, taking only 
overcoats aud blankets. Two days' cooked rations will be at once pre- 
pared and sixty rounds of ammunition for issue. The One hundred 
and fifty-first New York Volunteers, Colonel Emerson, left by rail at 
9.30 this morning, and will report to you on its arrival at Monocacy 
bridge. Acknowledge the receipt of this. 

H. S. BEIGGS, 
[25.] Brigadier-General, Commanding. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, April 26, 1863. 
Colonel Truex, 

Commanding, &c., Frederick or Monocacy Bridge, Md. : 
The One hundred and fifty-first New York, Colonel Emerson, and all 
available portion of the Fourteenth New Jersey, must be kept ready to 
move westward whenever called for by Brigadier-General Kelley 

WM. H. CHESEBEOUGH," 
[25.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



CBAP. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE ETC. — UNION. 1013 

Hdqes. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, April 26, 1863 — 3 a. m. 
General Wheat, 

Wheeling, W. Va. : 
I liave Governor Peirpoint's authority for calling out your brigade, 
but I see as yet no necessity for it. I only request you to hold all the 
force you can in readiness to come out if required. 

EOBT. C. SOHENCK, 
[25. J Major- General, Commanding. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, April 26, 1863. 
General James S. Wheat, 

Wheeling, W. Va. : 
If you liave howitzers with your brigade and can man and work 
them take them along. Let me hear from you. 

EOBT. C. SCHENCK, 
[25.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Circular.] Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

Near Hartwood Church, April 27, 1863. 
1. Col. Adelbert Ames, Twentieth Maine A'olunteers, is assigned to 
temporary duty on the staff of the major-general commanding. He 
will be obeyed and respected accordingly. 

By command of Maior-Cjeneral Meade: 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 

[26.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, April 27, 1863. 
Major-General Milroy, 

Winchester, Va.: 
I gave you General Halleck's own words as to General Elliott. I 
understand him as assenting to the movement up the valley, if deemed 
judicious by you and by him, who are there on the spot, and you have 
my permission to act at your discretion, from what you know of the 
probable movements and position of the enemy. 

ROBT. C. SCHENCK, 
[25.] Major-General, Commanding. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, April 27, 1863. 
Commanding Officer, Monocacy Bridge: 

The One hundred and fifty-first Regiment New York Infantry and 
what portion of the Fourteenth New Jersey can be spared from the 
bridge will proceed at once to Maryland Heights and report to Briga 
dier-General Morris. 

WM. H. CHESEBROUGH, 
[26.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



1014 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

Special Orders, ) Headquarters Fifth Corps, 

No. — . ] April 38, 1863. 

The order of march for to-morrow, 29th instant, will be as follows: 
First, Griffin's division; second, Sykes' division; third, Humphreys' 
division. Brigadier General Griffin will be prepared to move at 7 a. m. 
He will send a staff officer at daylight to communicate with Major- 
General Slocum, in order to ascertain the earliest moment at which the 
road to Kelly's Ford will be open. Major-Geiieral Sykes will move at 
7 a. m. and close up on Griffin's division. He will place his battery in 
front of his column, prepared to move forward, to report to General 
Griffin in case its services are required. Brigadier-General Humphreys 
will move immediately after General Sykes. He will furuish the neces- 
sary details to Captain Oomstock to take up the pontoon bridge. When 
taken up, he will place tlie pontoon train in his own train between his 
brigades, and so dispose his artillery as to cover to the best advantage 
the rear of the column, the protection of which he has the especial 
charge. All officers are earnestly enjoined to keep their commands well 
closed and prevent all straggling. Under instructions of the command- 
ing general this command will be called on tomorrow to make a long 
and rapid march. The major-general commanding fully relies upon 
every man cheerfully submitting to the exertions he will be called 
upon to make for the purpose of securing the success which it is earn- 
estly hoped and believed will attend the movement. 

By command of Major-General Meade: 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 

[25.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Circular.] Headquarters Sixth Army Corps, 

April 28, 1863. 

The troops of this command will move to the river bank near the 
place where General Franklin crossed and will take position in rear of 
the point designated, out of view of the enemy, before dark. The right 
division will leave camp immediately upon receipt of this order. The 
First, Second, and Third Divisions will commence to move at such time 
and by such practicable routes as will enable each, by an easy march, 
to reach the position designated before night fall. Care must be taken 
to avoid interference on the march and to conceal the movement as far 
as possible from the enemy. Ambulances and trains will be parked in 
the rear and concealed behind the hills ready to move when desired. 
Trains will be loaded with sup])lies of forage and provisions to include 
at least eight days' short forage ibr the animals. Whenever an oppor- 
tunity occurs without interference the supplies that may have been 
consumed will be replaced. The troops will have the eight days' rations 
as heretofore provided in orders. When the troops have crossed the 
river the aininnnition trains and ambulances will be held in readiness 
to move first. The wagons with intrenching tools will move with the 
amnnuiition trains. The batteries will be posted under the direction of 
the chief of artillery of the Army of the Patouiac and the chief of 
artillery of the corps. Division commanders will send a staff officer to 
report at these headquarters at the commencement of the march and 
also upon occupying the positions herein indicated. No flres will be 
lighted to-night. Division quartermasters will report in person to the 
chief quartermaster of the cori)s to receive directions in relation to 
the movement and parking of trains. 

By command of Major-General Sedgwick: 

M. T. McMAHON, 

[25.] Assistant Adjutant- General 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1015 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

April 38, 1863. 
Major-General Sedgwick, 

Commanding, &c. : 
General : The major-general commanding has left for the scene of 
operations above. I liave received the following repoit from Professor 
Lowe, who has been instructed to get all the possible information of 
the enemy's movements from the balloon : 

Camp neah Falmouth, Va., April 2S, 1865—0 a. m. 
(iKNERAL: I am sorry to state that tbo Tviiid lias been so high thus far this a. m. 
that 1 have been unable to ascend -nith the balloon. The iirst opportunity shall be 
unproved and reports made. A heavy stonu i.s apparently near at hand. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

T. S. C. LOWE, 

Aeronaut. 

Signal officers have been directed to be vigilant and watchful and to 
rejwrt everything. I shall keep you fully advised of everything that 
is reported here. Have you any wishes or commands? 
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

DANL. BUTTERFIELD, 
Major-General and Chief of Staff. 

P. S.— The night before last, April 20, Rodes' (D. H. Hill's) division 
had not moved; A. P. Hill's and Trimble's also; and there are uo signs 
of a move. This from deserters who have just come in. 

[25.] 



Headquarters Sixth Army Corps, 

April 28, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Brooks, 

Commanding Division : 
(tenekal: Major-General Sedgwick directs that you will have your 
division in the iunnediate vicinity of Franklin's crossing at 11 p. ni. 
ready to cross in boats and hold the ground on the opposite side until 
the bridges are completed. You will not move from the heights on this 
side of the river until you have the cover of the darkness. The cross- 
ing in the boats must be effected with the utmost celerity and in the 
strictest silence. General Benham will indicate to you the exact time 
and place of crossing. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

M. T. MoMAHON, 
[25.1 Assintant Adjutant- General. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, April 28, 1863. 

Governor A. G. Curtin, 

Jdarrisburg, Pa.: 

I have no reliable information of any rebels at Morgantown, and 
doubt the rumor of their reaching that point or getting to the north 
of the Baltimore and Ohio Kailroad in any considerable force. All 
mischief done has been between Oakland and Grafton, which places we 
now hold. An empty train of stock cars was captured, which we have 



1016 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

recovered in good order, and the bridge over Youghioglieny west of 
Oakland burnt, which we are to day rebuilding. The raid was of cav- 
alry and I hope to intercept their retreat. 

KOBT. C. SOHENGK, 
[25.] Major- General, Commanding, 



Hdqks. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, April 38, 1863. 
Hon. J. K. Moorhead, 

Pittsburg, Pa. : 
See my telegram to Governor Curtin repeated to Colonel Cross. 
Since then I learn that all the works at Rowlesburg and Cheat River 
are safe. I have comuiunication and the railroad open all but twenty 
miles between Grafton and liowlesbnrg. 1 have no conflrmatiou yet of 
the rebel force extending to Morgantown, but it may be so. 

KOBT, C. SCHENCK, 
■[25.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

April 29, 1863—6,30 p, m. 
General Couch, or 
Commanding Officer United States Ford : 

[The] major-general directs that a messenger [be sent] to run his 
horse to Kelly's Ford, starting with this dispatch to Captain Comstock 
or the oflQcer in charge of the bridges there. These orders ]are that] 
not a wagon must cross the bridges after this line reaches Captain Corn- 
stock. The bridges will be immediately taken up and removed to Ely's 
Ford. The wagons must return to United States Ford. The general 
prefers that not a dragoon should cross the river rather than the bridge 
should have been made use of by them. 

By command of Major-General Hooker: 

S. WILLIAMS, 

[25.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, April 29, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. B. F. Kelley, 

Commanding, &c., Harper's Ferry, Va, : 
General : 1 inclose you copies of the correspondence* by telegraph 
between Colonel Wilkinson and myself, and call your attention partic- 
ularly to what relates to the burning of the bridge six miles east of 
Clarksburg. If the colonel does not ask for a court of inquiry I think 
I shall have to submit the matter to a court-martial. Two bridges near 
Burton, on the railroad between Grafton and Wheeling, are reported to 
have been burnt by the citizens of the neighborhood. You will insti- 
tute, if such be the case, a rigid investigation, to ascertain who were 
concerned in the act. If they were disloyal persons, who did it in aid 
of the rebels, they must be at once arrested for punishment. If they 
were Union citizens, who resorted to it as a means of cutting off the 

• See Vol. XXV, Part II, pp. 296, 297. 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1017 

approach of the enemy to Wheeling, it only affords another proof of 
the disastrous panic spread by the cowardly telegraph operators who 
deserted their posts at Grafton and Fairmont. 

I am. very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

EOBT. C. SGHENCK, 

Major-General, Commanding, 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, April 29, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Kellbt, 

Nexo Greeh, Va.: 
The most reliable information I have of the number of the rebels who 
have been at Fairmont makes the estimate from COO to 1,000. Let 
Mulligan know. 

WM. H. CHESEBKOUGH, 
[25.] Lieutenant-Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, April 29, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Kelley, 

New Creek, Va.: 
Kailroad people reported yesterday that our troops had evacuated 
Rowlesburg. I do not understand that the Cheat Kiver trestles must 
still be protected. Have you sent force beyond Oakland? Mulligan 
reported to Wheeling yesterday the enemy in strong force at Morgan- 
town. Where exactly is Greenland Gap? It is not on map. When 
you can do it, get the names of all officers and men who fought so 
bravely at Greenland Gap, with special report. You may find Major 
Showalter deserves particular mention also. 

KOBT. C. SCHENCK, 
[25.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Fifth Corps, 
M-ifs Ford, April 30, 1863—5.20 a. m. (Received 7 a. m.) 

Brigadier-General Humphreys, 

Commanding Third Division : 
General: The major-general commanding directs me to inform yon 
that we have crossed the Eapidan at Ely's Ford, with the exception of 
the batteries, which are preparing to cross now. The major-general 
commanding is of the opinion tbat, in consequence of the force we have 
across the river, there is no necessity for keeping the whole of your 
command with the train. He thinks one regiment ought to suffice. 
You are desired, therefore, to push forward with all speed possible with 
the rest of your command, in order to join the column. The ma,jor- 
general commanding directs me to say that now time is precious and 
the most must be made of every moment, and it is of the highest impor- 
tance that the whole corps should be united as rapidly as possible. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 
Assistant Adjutant- General. 



1018 MD., E. N. C, PA,, VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. (Chap. LXin. 

The major-geueral coramauding, after reading this note, desires me 
to say that he is perfectly satisfied that you have made every exertion 
to get up. It is only his anxiety to push ahead that induces him to 
write you as above. 

F. T. L. 

[25.] 



April 30, 1863—8.15 a. m. 

(Received 9.40 a. m.) 
General Humphreys, 

Commanding Third Division: 
General: The major-general commanding directs me to inform you 
that he has gone on to Hunting Run, at the head of General Griffin's 
column. You will follow on at once. The order of march this morning 
is, Sykes first, then Griffin, on the road to Chancellorsville. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 
[26.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



CH A NCELLORSV I LLE, 
April 30, 1863—2 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Humphreys, 

Commanding Third Division, Fifth Corps : 
General : Bring your command on as far as you can without destroy- 
ing entirely their efficiency. We are going into camp near this place, 
and I would like you to get up as far at least as the crossing cf Hunt- 
ing Creek by the road from Ely's Ford. Report where and when you 
go into camp. 

G. G. MEADE, 
[25.] 



Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

Chancellorsville, April 30, 1863 — 9.30 p. m. 

Brigadier-General Humphreys, 

Commanding Third Division : 
General: The major-general commanding directs you to come for- 
ward to this place to-morrow morning. You will march by early day- 
light, as it is all important that you report with your command at the 
earliest possible moment. Headquarters are at Mrs. Chancellor's house 
at this place. 

Very respectfully, vour obedient servant, 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 
Assistant Adjutant-General, 

Brigadier-General Humphreys : 

The orderly who brings this will remain with you to-night to com- 
municate with the commanding general. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 
[25.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1019 

Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, April 30, 1863. 
Maj. Gen. A. E. Burnside, 

Cincinnati : 
Thanks for your promptness. You have done more than I could have 
expected or asked. Any help you send will be more likely needed from 
Parkersburg this way than at Wheeling. Scammon may soon need up 
the Kanawha aid which I cannot give him. My trouble on the railroad 
has been want of cavalry. 

EOBT. C. SCHENCK, 
[25.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, April 30, 1863 — i a. m, 
Brigadier-General Kelley, 

Commanding, &c., New Creek : 
The Fifth New York \'olunteer Heavy Artillery, 600 men, will leave 
for Harper's Ferry at 9 a. m. 

WM. H. CHESEBKOUGH, 
[25.] Assistant Adjutant- Oeneral. 

New Creek, April 30, 1863 — ^'.50 p. m. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Chesebrough, 

Assistant Adjutant- General, Baltimore: 
jSTothing new from Grafton ; all quiet at 3 p. m. No communication 
by telegraph with Clarksburg since 5 o'clock. Presume Jones crossed 
the railroad and cut the wires. Troop trains will be hei-e about -12 
o'clock tonight. Will not be detained at Youghiogheny. Bridge will 
be completed by daylight in the morning. 

B. F. KELLEY, 
[25. j Brigadier- General. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, April 30, 1868. 
Col. James A. Mulligan, 

Grafton, Va.: 
General Roberts telegraphs from Clai'ksbnrg the advance of Jones at 
Shiunstown, seven miles north of him, and the advance of Imboden 
and Jackson eleven miles from him on the Philippi road. Gener.il 
Kelley will have you supported from the east, when you can support 
Boberts, I hope. 



ROBT. C. SCHENCK 



[25.] Major- General, Commanding. 

Reply of Maj. Gen. William B. FranMin, to the report of the Joint 
Committee of Congress on the Conduct of the War, submitted to the public 
on the 6th of April, 1863, with a map.* 

On the Gth day of April last a report, purporting to be signed by the 
members of the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War, was pub- 
lished in many of the leading papers in the United States. The 

*For acknowledgment of receipt of the pamphlet by Halleck, see Vol. XXI, 
p. 1007. 



1020 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXin. 

Tliirty-seventli Congress expired by constitution al limitation on the 
4tli of March previous. Some of the testimony embodied in the report 
has been taken since that time, and consequently this document has 
been spread before the country without having been submitted to 
either branch of Congress. I* do not refer to this irregular proceeding 
of a committee which had ceased to have a legal existence as a defense 
against the charges of which they have convicted me, but as one of tlie 
facts fairly to be considered in connection with the report itself and 
the purposes it was intended to subserve. The committee have not 
devoted much space to me, either in citations of testimony or in state- 
ments of their own; but iu that limited space they have presented me 
before the country as responsible for the loss of the battle of Freder- 
icksburg in consequence of my disobedience of the orders of General 
Buruside. If this be true I have been guilty of the highest crime 
known to the military law, for the commission of Avhich my life is for- 
feit and my name consigned to infamy. Justice to the country, to the 
Administration which has given me important commands in its armies, 
and to myself, demands that I meet these grave allegations as promptly 
as possible; while, from the peculiar circumstances of the case, the 
mode I adopt is the only one open to me. Since the publication of the 
report I have received an answer to an inquiry at tlie Adjutant-Gen- 
eral's Office, informing me that there are no charges on lile against me 
at the Department to which as a soldier 1 am amenable. I am not at 
liberty to ignore a report which has already reached the hands of a 
majority of the loyal people of the United States, emanating from 
a committee of their representatives in Congress, because the legisla- 
tive department of the Government has taken upon itself duties that 
belong to the Executive. I cannot shut my eyes to the magnitude of 
the question in its immediate public aspect. If it affected only myself, 
I might be well contented with the verdict which history will pass upon 
the transaction under the sacred law which governs the ultimate 
triumph of the truth. For two years we have been struggling to sub- 
due a rebelhon so enormous in its proportions and so persistent in its 
purposes that it has become a revolution. 

This Government has put into the field over 700,000 men. To disci- 
pline these men and to lead them iu the field the country must depend 
upon such as have been educated, to some extent at least, in military 
science. Hence it is a public question of the highest possible impor- 
tance whether an officer who has held important commands since the 
beginning of the war is entitled to the confidence of the people or has 
justly forfeited his claim to it. It is a sad commentary upon the dis- 
jointed condition of the times, tliat at the very moment when the nation 
is offering its blood and treasure without stint in the effort to preserve 
inviolate the principles of civil liberty, a citizen of that nation, however 
humble, shall be accused, tried, and condemned of an infamous crime 
before a tribunal sitting in secret session, without notice, or even an 
intimation, of the charges made against him; without the oi)portunity 
to confront or examine the witnesses brought against him; to be him- 
self called and interrogated, in utter ignorance that he is under trial- 
and, finally, to be denied permission to produce witnesses, when the 
fact became apparent to him that he was, for some unexplained reason 
in danger of condemnation. Since the time when the corner stone of all 
civil liberty was laid under that Government from which we derive our 
laws, which gives to the meanest subject or the greatest criminal the 
right to meet his accusers face to face and to confront his witnesses 
no parallel can be found in the history of constitutional governments 



Chap. LXIII] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1021 

SO startling in its violations of all that is sacred in personal rights as 
are the proceedings of the secret tribunals created by the Congress 
which has just expired. The report in question has been given to the 
press, but no part oi' the evidence is published, except such extracts as 
the committee have seen fit to embody in the report itself. Of my own 
testimony given before the committee but a small part is printed. I 
shall therefore submit to the public some facts stated by me to the 
committee which they have not published, and some of the proofs which 
I requested the committee to take, but which they declined, upon the 
ground that they had not the time to take the testimony. Among 
the facts submitted by me to the committee which they have not noticed 
are some which I must repeat in substance here. 

On the 12th day of December last, when I crossed the Rappahannock, 
I was In command of the Left Grand Division of the Army of the 
Potomac, which numbered about 40,000 men. It was entirely crossed 
and posted in line of battle by 3 o'clock of that day. My command 
consisted of two corps of three divisions each. At 5 o'clock General 
Burnside came to my headquarters, where he met, with me. Generals 
William F. Smith and John F. Eeynolds, corps commanders. The sub- 
ject of conversation was a proposed attack upon the enemy on the fol- 
lowing morning, when I strongly advised General Burnside to make an 
attack from my division upon the enemy's right with a column of at 
least 30,000 men, to be sent in at daylightin the morning. At that time 
two divisions of General Hooker's command were on the north side of 
the river, near the bridges that I had crossed. In order to make such 
an attack as I advised I informed General Burnside that these two 
divisions must be crossed during the night. I reiterated my request 
that I should receive my orders as early as possible, that I might make 
the necessary dispositions of the troops before daylight. He stated at 
one time that I should have my orders in any event before midnight, 
and at another that I should have them in two or three hours. He left 
my headquarters about 6 p. m., and I awaited his orders during the 
night. None reached me until 7.30 o'clock in the morning. At mid- 
night I sent an aide to ask for them and received the reply that they 
were being prepared and would be sent forthwith. The order which I 
received Avas brought by General Hardie, of General Burnside's staff, 
well known in the service as an able and zealous officer. It reached 
my hands at 7.30 on the morning of the 13th. My command was then 
in the same position as when General Burnside left my headquarters 
the evening previous. The night had passed without orders, and Gen- 
eral Hooker's two divisions were still on the other side of the river. 
With the 11 ght furnished by this state of facts. General Burnside's order, 
though incongruous and contradictory on its face, admitted of but one 
interpretation, viz, that he intended to make an armed observation from 
the left to ascertain the strength of the enemy — an interpretation also 
given to it by both of my corps commanders. The order is as follows: 

Headquarters Army or the Potomac, 

December 13 — 5.55 a . m. 
Major-General Franklin, 

Commanding Left Grand Division, Army of the Potomac : 
General Hardie will carry this dispatch to you and remain with yon during the 
day. The general commanding directs that you keep your whole command in posi- 
tion for a rapid movement down the old Richmond road; and you will send out at 
once a division at least to 7)as8 below Smithfield, to seize, if possible, the heights 
near Captain Hamilton's on this side of the Massaponax, taking lare to keep it well 
supported and its line of retreat open. He has ordered another column of a division 
or more to be moved from General Sumner's command up the plank road to its inter- 
section with the Telegraph road, where they will divide, with a view to seizing the 



1022 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. Lxm. 

heigbts oa both of those roads. Holding these heights with the heights neai Cap- 
tain Hamiltou's, -will, he hopes, compel the enemy to evacuate the whole ridge 
between these points. He makes these moves by columns, distant from each other, 
with the view of avoiding the possibility of a collision of our own forces, which 
might occur in a general movement during the fog. Two of General Hooker's divis- 
ions are iu your rear, at the bridges, and will remain there as supports. Copies of 
instructions given to Generals Sumner and Hooker will be forwarded to you by an 
orderly very soon. You will keep your whole command in readiness to move at 
once as soon as the fog lifts. The watchword, which, if possible, should be given 
to every company, will bo " Scott." 

I have the honor to be, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

JOHN G. PARKE, 

Chief of Staff. 

Thus it -will be seen that after ordering me to keep my whole com- 
mand in readiness for a rapid movement down the old Richmond road, 
I was directed to send out at once a division at least to seize the hill at 
Hamilton's. After referring to the order to General Sumner, l)e reiter- 
ates the direction to keep my whole command in readiness for the Rich- 
mond road movement. For three hours before the order reached me 
1 was satisfied that General Burnside had given uj) the idea (if he 
ever entertained it) of making an attack iu force from the left, for the 
delay in sending the orders made such an attack impossible with any 
reasonable chance of success. And in this connection it is not improper 
in me to state that a map, made by the rebel General Jackson's topo- 
graphical engineer, has fallen into the hands of our officers since Gen- 
eral Hooker has been in command, from which it is apparent that the 
enemy's position could not have been carried by any force less than 
that recommended by me ou the afternoon of the 12th. General Burn- 
side knew the strength in numbers and position, as well as the desper- 
ate determination of the rebel army. Had he intended a movement 
in force, his orders both to myself and General Sumner would have 
been commensurate with such a purpose. Had he expected me to 
make such an attack upon an enemy whom I had met too often to be 
guilty of the folly of underrating, he would have given me the night 
in which to make a disposition of my troops for the conflict of the 
morrow, instead of leaving me to pass it in sleepless anxiety in my 
tent. General Burnside ought to have known, and doubtless did know, 
that to make his "main attack," and thereby bring on a general engage- 
ment on my front, under an order of this description, sent after day- 
light in the morning, was to send his troops to a useless and unavail- 
able slaughter; and therefore he could not have intended it. I acted 
upon the order at once, as nearly according to its literal directions as 
was in my power. The attack was ordered to be led by General Meade, 
one of the ablest officers iu our service, supported by General Gibbon 
on his right, and General Doubleday in reserve. These three divisions 
formed one of the two corps (General Reynolds') under my command 
on the south side of the river. Shortly after Meade advanced, the 
enemy's cavalry appeared on the loft, accompanied by artillery, and 
Doubleday was ordered to drive them away. Soon after these troops 
were advanced, finding that the enemy was in force ou all sides, I sent 
to General Stoneman to cross with one of his divisions, and before that 
had entirely crossed his second division was also ordered over. The 
crossing of these divisions (which should have been made during the 
previous night, had an attack in force been contemplated) occupied at 
least three hours. While this was going on, one of General Smith's 
divisions was also ordered to report to General Reynolds. Of these 
several movements General Burnside was kept informed by reports 
made by General Hardie to him at intervals during the day; and 



Chap. LXm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 1023 

between 7.40 a. m. and 3.40 xi. ni. it was reported to him, by an officer 
of his own staff, that out of the eight divisions composing my entire 
command, including the two divisions that had been ordered across the 
river, six divisions had been employed in making the eflort to seize 
Hamilton's Hill, keeping the attacking force supported, and in checking 
the advance of the enemy, while but two divisions were left to protect 
the bridges, the right and the center, and to keep the line of retreat 
open, and which two divisions were actually attacked during the day. 
Alter my testimony had been taken by the committee, and they had 
declined to call General Hardie as a witness, I asked permission to 
hand them copies of the reports made by him to General Burnside 
during the day. This request wa.s granted ; and, although it is impos- 
sible to overstate the value of the testimony contained in these dis- 
patches, fourteen in number, sent from the field of battle by au officer 
of the staff of General Burnside, who could have had no motive at the 
time to state anything but the exact truth, as the events were trans- 
piring under his own eyes, yet no mention of or reference to these dis- 
patches is made by the committee in their report. As they present a 
statement of the transactions of the day upon the left, as seen by a 
competent and impartial witness, I iiresent them in full, in the order 
in which they were sent. It wOl be noticed that the first dispatch is 
dated at 7.40 a. m. This dispatch is as follows, viz: 

Headquarters Franklin's Grand Division, 

December IS — 7.40 a. m. 
General Bttrnsidb: 

General Moade's division is to make the movement from onr left, bnt it is reported 
that the enemy's skirmishers are advancing, indicating an attack ui)ou our position 
on the left. 

.JAS. A. HARDIE, 
Brigadier-General of Volunteers and Assistant Jnspector-Geneial. 

The telegraph station connecting with General Burnside's headquar 
ters was about one-third of a mile from my headquarters, so that by 8 
o'clock of that morning General Burnside was informed by his assistant 
inspector-general of the fact that I had sent General Meade's division 
to make the movement directed by him. I submit, with entire confi- 
dence, that had General Burnside, upon the receipt of General Hardie's 
first dispatch, discovered that I had either misappreliended his order, 
or was sending too small a force to its execution, he would at the 
moment have corrected my misapprehension. So far from that, Gen- 
eral Burnside did not communicate with me in any manner from that 
time unlil 2.25 p. m. of that day, when he sent me an order in writing, 
in which it was stated that my instructions of this morning were so far 
modified as to require an advance upon the heights immediately in my 
front. General Hardie's dispatch upon the receipt of this order is as 
follows : 

Headquarters Left Grand Division, 

December 13—S.S5 p. m. 
General Burnside: 
Dispatch received. Franklin will do his best. Now troops gone in. Will report 

soon again. . „„,, 

^ JAS. A. HARDIE, 

Brigadier-General of Volunteers. 

Later in the day, and after 3 o'clock, when every regiment that I 
could spare was engaged in various parts of the field (as will appear 
by referring to Hardie's reports and General Burnside's own testimony 
hereafter given) with an enemy that greatly outnumbered us, and when 



1024 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXm. 

all my energies were directed to save the wiug from beiug overpowered, 
aud its line of retreat cut oft', I received a verbal message from General 
Burnside, by one of his staff', that General Sumner's troops wore being- 
hard pressed, with a request to make a diversion iu his favor if I could. 
To this I also responded that I would do my best. For the details of 
what was done by me during the day 1 leave General Hardle's dis- 
patches to speak for themselver.. He was at my side from shortly after 
sunrise until sunset. He not only knew of every order and movement 
made by me, or under my direction, but was a perfectly competent 
judge of their wisdom and sufiiciency. In the peri'ormance of an act of 
common justice he has placed these dispatches at my disposal. « The 
following are copies of all those sent by him on the 13th of December, 
the day of the battle : 

Headquartkrs Franklin's Grand Division', 

December IS — 7.40 a. m. 
General Burnside: 

General Meade's division is to make the movement from our left, bnt it is just 
reported that the enemy's skirmishers arc advancing, indicating an attack upon our 
position on the left. 

9 A. M. 

General Meade just moved out. Donbleday supports him. Meade's skirmishers 
engaged, however, at once with enemy's skirmishers. Battery opening on Meade, 
probably from position on old Hichmond road. 

11 A. M. 

Meade advanced half a mile and holds on. Infantry of enemy in woods iu front 
of extreme left ; also in front of Howe. No loss so far of great importance. General 
Vinton badly bnt not dangerously wounded. 

LATEIi. — Reynolds has been forced to develop his whole line. An attack of some 
force of enemy's troops on our left seems probable, as far as can now be judged. 
Stoneman has been directed to cross one division to support our left. Report of 
cavalry pickets from the other side of the river that enemy's troops were moving 
down the river on this side during the latter part of the night. Howe's pickets 
reported movements in their front, same direction. Still they have a strong force 
well posted, with batteries there. 

12 M. 

Birney'a division is now getting into position. That done, Reynolds will order 
Meade to advance. Batteries over the river are to shell the enemy's position in the 
woods in front of Reynolds' left. He thinks the effect will be to protect Meade's 
advance. A column of the enemy's infantry is passing along the crest of the hills, 
from right to left as we look at it. 

12.05 p. M. 

General Meade's line is advancing in the direction you prescribeil this morning. 

1 p. M. 
Enemy opened a battery on Reynolds, enfilading Meade. Reynolds has opened 
all his batteries on it ; no report yet. Reynolds hotly engaged at this moment; will 
report in a few moments again. 

1.15 r. M. 
Heavy engagements of infantry. Enemy iu force where battery is. Meado is 
assaulting the hill; will report iu a few minutes again. 

1.25 p. M. 
Meade is in the woods in his front; seems to be able to hold on. Reynolds will 
push Gibbon iu, if necessary. The battery and woods referred to must be ne.ar 
Hamilton's house. The infantry firing is prolonged aud quite heavy. Things look 
well enough. Men in fine spirits. 

1.40 p. M. 
Meade having carried a portion of the enemy's position in the woods, we have 300 
prisoners. Enemy's battery on extreme left retired. Tough work; men iight well. 
Gibbon has advanced to Meade's right; men fight well, driving the enemy. Meade 
has suffered severely. Doubleday, to Meade's left, not engaged. 

ain addition to the forces referred to in these dispatches, a division from General 
Willcox's corps re]>orted to me late in the afternoon, and was put in the vicinity of 
the bridges ; too late, however, to aid in any of the operations on the extreme left. 



CHAP. LX1I1.1 CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1025 

2.1.5 r. M. 
Gibbon and Moado driven back from the woods. Newton Rono forward. Jackson's 
corps of the enemy attacks on the left. General Gibbon slightly wounded. General 
Bayard mortally wounded by a shell. Things do not look as well on Reynolds' front; 
still we'll have new troops in soon. 

2.25 J'. M. 
Dispatch received. Franklin will do his Ui^st. New troojix gone in. Will report 
soon again. 

3 V. M. 
lieynolds soonis to bo holding his own. Things look better somewhat. 

.3.10 r. .M. 
Gibbon's and Meade's divisions are badly nsed up, and I fear another advance on 
the enemy on our left cannot be lu.ado this afternoon. Donbleday's division will 
replace Meade's as soon as it can be collected, and if it be done in time of course 
another attack will be )nade. The enemy are in force in the woods on our lol't 
toward Hamilton's, and are threatening the safety of that portion of our J i iic They 
seem to have detached a portion of their force to our front, where liowo and Brooks 
are now engaged. Brooks has sonio inisoners, and is down to the railroad. .Just as 
soon as the left is safe our forces hero will be prepared for afi'ont attack, bnt it may 
be too late this afternoon. Indeed, we are engaged in fi-ont anyhow. Notwith- 
standing the unpleasant items I relate, the morale generally of the troops is good. 

4 ..SO r. M. 
The enemy is still in force on our left and front. An attack on our batteries in 
front has been rejinlseil. A new attack has just opened on our left, but the left is 
safe, though it is too late to advance either to the left or front. 

I am willing to abide by this testimony, to determine whether I lost 
the battle of Fredericksburg in consei]ueu(;e of my disobedience of an 
order directing me "to attack with a division at least and to keep it 
well supported." On the night following I was with General Burnside 
at his headquarters, when he informed me that he intended to renew 
the attack from the right and to lead the Ninth Corps in i)erson. At 
two interviews during that night (which lasted at least two hours) he 
did not intimate to me any disapprobation ot iny conduct, or of that of 
my officers and men, during that day. Again 1 urged upon him that if 
the attack Avas to be renewed, to renew it from the left, but with such 
force and preparations as would command success. An order, how- 
ever, for an attack from tlie right was given by him. On the following 
day I had another interview with General Burnside, at his request, in 
which he informed me that strong protests were made against a 
renewal of the attack by Generals iSuinner and Hooker, and he aban- 
doned the plan of another attack Avith expressions of the greatest 
reluctance. I was with him for two or three hours on that occasion; 
and during that interview he did not express or intimate, in his lan- 
guage or deportment tOAvard me, that he aa'bs not entirely satisfied with 
my conduct and that of my officers and men. On the Wednesday or 
Thursday following I had another interview Avith liim, in which, so far 
from expressing any dissatisfaction Avith me, he stated A^ery distinctly 
that I alone of his generals had "held up his hands" (as he expressed 
it) ; that he had fully determined to resign his command, and to recom- 
mend me as his successor, as the commanding general of the Army of 
the Potomac. From that time until I was relieved from the command 
of the Left Grand Division, iilthough frequently called into consulta- 
tion by General Burnside, he never told me, or gave mc to understand, 
that 1 had either misconstrued or disobeyed liis orders, or Avas in any 
way responsible for the disaster of the l.Sth, or had in the least lost liis 
confidence. Indeed, had he believed that I had disobeyed his orders 
65 K E— VOL LI, PT I 



1026 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. "W., &- W. VA. [Chap. LXin. 

on the 13th, he could not have discharged his duty to the country witli- 
out preferring charges against me to that effect. 

It was during the period of time last referred to that the General 
Order, Ko. 8,* to which the committee have made reference in their 
report, was directed to be issued by General Burnside. The committee 
state that this order dismissed some officers from the service, subject 
to the approval of the President, and relieved others from duty with 
the Army of the Potomac; that General Burnside asked the President 
to sanction the order, or accept his resignation as major-general; that 
the President acknowledged that General Burnside was right, but 
declined to decide without consulting with some of his advisers. As I 
was relieved from duty with the Army of the Potomac almost immedi- 
ately after this interview with the President, I shall assume that I was 
one of the officers thus relieved in the order; an assumption I could not 
make from any evidence derived from General Barnside's conduct to 
me when we were together, but which I am compelled to make, because 
1 have been so informed by two gentlemen of high character who have 
seen and read the order. It further appears from the report that the 
committee had that order before them ; and as they have seen fit to visit 
upon me solely the responsibility for the loss of the battle of Frede 
ricksburg, without referring in any manner to the repulse on the right, 
or stating its fearful loss in killed and wounded, I feel at liberty to 
state, on the authority of these same gentlemen who have seen Order 
No. 8, that under that order General Hooker was one of the officers dis- 
missed from service, subject to the approval of the President. If, there- 
fore, that order is invoked as a record of conviction, and by it General 
Hooker is dismissed while I am only relieved, I have the right to state 
the fact, and leave the public to judge of the motives of the committee 
in stating that they have not considered it essential to report upon the 
oiierations of the right wing in this battle. Not only so, but I have 
the right to challenge the verity of the statement "that the President 
acknowledged General Burnside was right," when it was known to the 
committee that in the same order in which the President relieved Gen- 
eral Burnside from the command of the Army of the Potomac he made 
General Hooker his successor. 

But I shall not accept it as conclusive against my conduct that General 
Burnside did recommend that 1 should be relieved. It is a part of the 
history of the times that after the failure of his attempt unon the rebel 
army behind the heights of Fredericksburg, he addressed aletter to Gen- 
eral Halleck relieving the Secretary of War and the General-in-Chief 
from all responsibility for that movement; and it is equally true, though 
not 80 publicly known, that shortly after that letter was published Gen- 
eral Burnside made quite as formal and earnest a request to the Presi- 
dent to remove the Secretary of War and the General-in-Chief from the 
positions severally occupied by them as he did to dismiss certain of his 
ofBcers in the Army of the Potomac. If it was true that the movement 
was his own , it was but an act of common j ustice to assume its responsibil- 
ity. Without intending to reflect upon that kind of magnanimity that 
takes the responsibility of a failure from the shoulders of those above us 
and places it upon those below us, I will prove by documentary evidence 
from General Burnside's hand that his ]>lan as given to the committee 
was not the plan on which he conducted the operations of the battle. 
The committee have printed General Burnside's plan of attack as given 
by him. By the side of this, I print an extract from the letter of 



' See Vol. XXI, ]>. 998. 



Chap. Lxm.] 



CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 



1027 



General Burnside to General Halleck, dated December 19, six days after 
the battle, by which it appears that he intended to make his "vigorous 
attack," as he there calls it, over two miles from my front and upon the 
heights in the rear of the town of Fredericksburg, and that part of his 
order to me in which he informed me of the orders which he had given 
to General Sumner, showing that General Sumner's movement was to 
be simultaneous with mine. In this he states the measures taken to 
avoid a collision between General Sumner's forces and mine, while in the 
plan before the committee he is represented as testifying tliat he did 
not mean that General Sumner should move until I had taken the 
position designated in the order. 



General Burnaidi^s plan of attack in his let- 
ter to General Halleck. 

I discovered tliat he did not anticipate 
tlie crossing of our whole force at Fred- 
ericksburg, and I hoped, by rapidly 
throwing the whole command over at that 
place to separate, by a vigorous attack, 
the forces of the enemy on the river be- 
low from the forces iehind and on the crest 
in the rear of the town, in which case we 
coiild light with him with great advan- 
tage in our favor. For this we had to 
gain a height ou the extreme right of the 
crest which commanded a new road lately 
made by the enemy, &c. 



General Burnside'a plan of attack, as given 
by the committee. 

The enemy had cut a road along in the 
rear of the line of heights where we made 
our attack, by means of which they con- 
nected the two wings of their army, and 
avoided a long detour around through a 
bad country. I obtained from a colored 
man, from the other side of the town, in- 
formation iu regard to this new road 
which jiroved to be correct. I wanted to 
obtain possession of that new road, and 
that was my reason for making an attack 
on the extreme left. I did not intend to 
make the attack on the right until that 
position had been taken, whicli I sup- 
posed would stagger the enemy, cutting 
their line in two ; and then I proposed to 
make a direct attack on their front and 
drive them out of their works. 

Extract from General Burnside's order to 
me, informing me of General Sumner's 
orders. 

He has ordered another column of a 
division or more to be moved from Gen- 
eral Sumner's command up the plank 
road to its intersection of the Telegraph 
road, vhere they will divide, with a view 
to seizing the heights on both of those 
roads. Holding these heights with the 
heights near Captain Hamilton's, will, 
1 hope, compel the enemy to evacuate the 
whole ridge between these points. He 
makes these moves by columns, distant 
from each other, with a view ot avoiding 
the possibility of a collision of our own 
forces, which might occur in a general 
movement during the fog. 

The statements iu General Burnside's letter to General Halleck, his 
statement in the order of the 13th to me, and his statement of his plan 
before the committee all agree upon one point at least — that he did not 
mean to make his "main attack" under either of those orders. Under 
the orders he issued he designed seizing, first, the heights in rear of the 
town; next, the heights near Captain Hamilton's, which he supposed 
would stagger the enemy, and then he proposed to make a "direct 
attack" in the enemy's front and drive him out of his works. The 
orders not only agree in this, but the fact, in all the significant propor- 
tions of its results in killed and wounded, was before the committee, 



1028 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXnl. 

tliat General Sumner's command did actually move to seize "those 
heights on the crest in rear of the town," almost as soon as I did. 
At that time I had not only not taken the position at Captain Hamil- 
ton's, but was crossing troops from the other side of the river to save 
those who had been sent to make the attempt. General Burnside was 
informed of all this by General Hardie as the effort progressed. How, 
tlieu, is it to be accounted for that General Burnside could have so far 
forgotten his intentions as to say "that he did not intend making the 
attack on the right until that position (my position) had been taken ?" 
If lie did not intend to do so, Avhy did he make the attack before the 
contingency happened 1 He knew that the i)osition on the left was 
not taken; why, then, did heorder General Sumner forward if his inten- 
tion was to keep him back until it was taken? If he did not intend 
that General Sumner should move until I had taken the heights at 
Captain Hamilton's, what does this language in his order to me mean — 
"he has ordered another column of a division or more to be moved 
from (xcneral Sumner's command up the plank road to its intersection 
with the Telegraph road, where they will divide, with a view of seizing 
the heights on both of those roads'? Holding these heights with the 
heights near Captain Hamilton's will, he hopes, &c. He makes these 
moves by colunms, distant from each other, with a view of avoiding 
the possibility of a collision of our own forces, which might occur in a 
general movement during the fog." 

This is the language of a simultaneous movement, and that no doubt 
may be left about it, he gives as a reason why he keeps the moving 
columns distant from each other that they might not encounter each 
other in a fog. If both columns were not to be moved at the same time 
it is difficult to see how they could have collided in a fog. It is, there- 
fore, perfectly evident that under both orders issued that morning by 
General Burnside he imagined tliat he could seize certain heights over 
two miles distant from each otlier with the comparatively small force of 
a division sufficiently supported for each column, and that when these 
were taken he expected to follow up by orders for a main attack with 
the "whole (;ommand," M'hich I was to keep in "position for a rapid 
movement down tlie old Richmond road." In the execution of these 
orders the enemy discovered himself iu force so much greater than 
General Burnside anticipated that the plan proved totally inadequate 
to its expected results. The disaster which followed is a matter of his- 
tory, and, considering the pressure to Avhich the mind of the command- 
ing general must have been subjected since that time, it is not difficult 
to find a reason why his present recollection of his plan differs so mate- 
rially from the orders which he gave before the movement was made, 
but I submit that is an insufficient reason for visiting the consequences 
of the failure upon his subordinates in command. 

After reciting the order, the committee state that when last before 
them I considered the meaning of the order to be an armed observation 
to ascertain where the enemy was. They then proceed as follows: 

In his (Franklin's) tfistiiiioiiy given when yor.r conimittoe -were at Falmouth he 
says: "I put in .ill the troops that I thought it prudent and proper to put in. I 
fought the whole strength of my command as far as 1 could and at the same time 
keep my connection with the river open." 

These two statements seem to be presented under the idea that they 
convict me of an inconsistency, and in the report furnished by the 
committee to one of the newspapers, printed in pamphlet form, entitled 
"Tribune War Tract, No. l,"this statement of the committee is headed 



Chap. Lxni.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. JNION. 1029 

in capital letters, "Franklin's inconsistenfstatemeuts." What incon- 
sistency is there between my interpretation of the second clause of the 
order that it was for an armed observation to ascertain where the enemy 
was and in the statement that in sending in this armed force of observa- 
tion I had ascertained where the enemy was, and had been compelled 
to light the whole strength of my command as far as I could, iind at the 
same time keep my communication with the river open in resisting a 
superior force which had discovered itself on three sides of me? But 
the committee in quoting my testimony, for some reason satisfactory to 
themselves, have omitted to state what was testified by me in tlie same 
connection. By referring to the testimony given by me at Falmouth 
(which has heretofore been made public) I find that the words imme- 
diately following the quotation made by the committee in their present 
report are as follows: "The reason that we failed was that we had not 
troops enough to carry the points where the attack was made under 
the orders that were given." Why the committee have omitted that 
part of my evidence, while from the quotation marks the reader is led 
to suppose the whole sentence is given, I shall not stop to inquire. 

The next statement in the report refers to the number of troops with 
which the attack was made by me, under the orders to send out "a 
division at least," to seize the heights near Captain Hamilton's, and 
that is headed in the tract in the same conspicuous manner, "Franklin 
responsible for the defeat." The committee's statement on this subject 
occupies but a few lines, and admits the sending out by me, under this 
order, of four divisions, numbering 16,500 men, as stated by them, with- 
out giving the number of Uoubleday's division, wliich was nearly 7,000 
more. The committee name only Meade's, Gibbon's, Doubleday's, and 
Birney's divisions, as those by which the attack was made and sup- 
ported. They had it in proof, and in General Hardie's reports, that 
Newton's and Sickles' divisions also aided in that movement, wliile the 
divisions of llowe and Brooks also engaged the enemy during the day. 
However easy of explanation it may be that the employment of New- 
ton's division was not referred to i)i the report, it is difficult to understand 
why Sickles' division should be omitted, wlien the only evidence they 
have published on this subject discloses the fact that Sickles' division 
was also engaged. The committee further say, " that the attack was 
in reality made by one of the smallest divisions in my command, the 
division of General Meade, numbering about 4,500 men." They have 
omitted to state in that connection what was in evidence before them — 
that Meade's division was posted on the extreme left of my line, and the 
order being to attack at once, was consequently best posted for the 
attack. The Army of the Potomac had no braver soldier or better offi- 
cer than General Meade to lead his division to the attack. The com- 
mittee next say, that "General Burnside, upon hearing of the small 
force ordered to attack the enemy, sent an order to General Franklin 
to make a vigorous attack with his whole force." Tlie committee do not 
state when General Burnside sent to me any order after that received 
at 7.30 a. m. ; but if the ordinary construction is to be ])ut upon their 
language, they intend to be understood that a second order was sent to 
ine immediately after the leceipt of General Hardie's first dispatch to 
General Burnside, dated at 7.40 a m., in which he was informed of what 
1 proposed to do under the order. As before observed, this dispatch 
must have been received by General Burnside by 8 a. m. So that, 
according to the report, Geneial Burnside sent me a second order to 
make a "vigorous attack with my whole force" shortly after 8 a. m. 



1030 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. Lxm. 

By referring to General Hardie's reports, it will be seen tbat the first 
dispatch from General liurnside, alter that brought by him, is dated 
2.25 p. m., in which he states: 

Decembeu 13 — 2.25 p. m. 
Dispatch received. Franklin -will do his best. New troops gone in. Will report 
soon again. 

This order, so far frona being an order to make "a vigorous attack 
with my whole force," directed me as follows: "Your instructions of 
this morning are so far modified as to require an advance upon the 
heights immediately in your front." The response made to this modifi- 
cation of the order is shown by f ireneral Hardie's di.spatch to his chief 
just given. The committee then proceed: "Several of the witnesses 
testified that had the attack then been renewed with all the available 
force under General Fianklin's command, it would have been success- 
ful." Who these wituesses are is not stated, nor is a word of their 
testimony given. If any one upon whose opinion the public would 
place any reliance had been found to express such an opinion, it has 
been given in ignorance of the orders under which I was acting during 
the day, or upon the assumption that such an order as the committee 
state 1 did receive was issued to me in the early part of the day. I 
have shown that no such order was issued, and that the second order 
that was issued was received at 2.25 p. m. In connection with this 
modified order it is necessary to state, that immediately in front of one 
of my divisions was a narrow valley, held on both sides by the enemy, 
aid ]>rotected by abatis, and troops entering it were necessarily sub- 
jected to a fire from both sides. It is patent from an examination of 
this last order, that so far from being an order to renew the attack 
upon the hill at Captain Hamilton's, it was a virtual abandonment of 
that attempt. I was not allowed the opportunity to examine those 
witnesses, nor to produce those I named to the committee, who were 
with me during the day, and who alone were sufBciently acquainted 
with all the facts to forni a respectable opinion on the subject. But 
whatever opinions may have been expres.sed before the committee by 
witnesses, whose names they have not given, the same committee sub- 
mitted a report to the Senate on the 23d day of December last, contain- 
ii'g the evidence taken by them on the 19th of that month, in which 
the testimony of General Burnside, taken immediately after the battle, 
is given. This has been printed by order of the Senate. From this 
document I make the following extract (referring to the battle of Fred- 
ericksburg) : 

Question (by committee). What causes do yon assign for the failure of your attack 
here? 

Answer. It was found to be impossible to get the men up to the works ; the enemy's 
fire was too hot for them ; the whole command fought most gallantly ; the enemy 
themselves say they never saw our men light so hard as on that day. 

Question. Were the enemy's works very strong? 

Answer. Their works are not strong works, but they occupy very strong positions. 
It is possible that the points of attack were wrongly ordered; if such is the case, I 
can only say I did to the best of ray ability. 

« * « * ^ * * 

Question. Do I understand you to say that you expected General Franklin to carry 
the point at the extreme left of the ridge in the rear of the town, and thereby enable 
our troops to storm and carry their fortiticatlous? 

Answer. I did expect him to carry that point, which being done would have placed 
our forces in rear of their extreme left, and which I thought at the time would shake 
their ibrces to such an extent that the position in front could be easily stormed and 
carried. 

Question. To what do you attribute his failure to .accomplish that? 

Answer. To the great strength of the position and the accumulation of the enemy's 
forces there. 



CHAP.LXni.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC UNION. 1031 

General Burnside then explained that the delay iu building the 
bridges gave the enemy time to accumulate his forces before he was 
able to order the attack. 

* * * « # * It 

Question. What -was tlie conduct of the officers and men during the attack? 

Answer. With the exception of a single regiment it was excellent. 

Question. Will you state, as nearly as you can, the whole number of our troops 
that were engaged? 

Answer. We had about 100,000 men on the other side of the river. 

Question. What part of that number were actually engaged in battle? 

Answer. Every single man of them was under artillery tire and about half of them 
were at different times formed iu columns of attack. Every man was put iu column 
that could be got in. 

With this evidence of the general commanding the army before 
them, a committee of Congress, in a report submitted to the public 
without the testimony, deliberately state : 

The testimony of all the witnesses before your committee proves most conclusively 
tliat had the attack been made upon the left with all the force that General Franklin 
could have used for that ])nrpo8e, the plan of General Uurnside would have been 
completely successful, and our army would have achieved a most brilliant victory. 

The committee continue (still referring to the order which they say 
was to make a " vigorous attack with my whole force," and was sent 
by General Burnside upon his hearing of the small force which I had 
ordered to the attack) : 

General Franklin testifies that it was not an order, but a request, and that when 
he received it it was too late to renew the attack, and therefore he did not do it. 
lieiieral Franklin testiijes as follows — 

The corainittee then proceed to give an extract from a small portion 
of my testimony, in which not a word of my testimony on the subject 
of this request is given. My statement to them on tliat subject was 
substantially that after 3 o'clock of that day, according to my best 
recollection, an aide from General Burnside came to me with the mes- 
sage that the enemy was pressing General Sumuer on tlie right, and 
that I was requested to make a diversion in his favor, if I could. I 
again replied that I would do the best I could. About the time that 
this message came, viz, at 3.40 p. m., as will be seen by referring to 
General Hardie's reports, that officer informed General Burnside as 
follows : 

Gibbon's and Meade's divisions are badly used up, and I fear another advance on 
the enemy on our left cannot bo made this afternoon. Doubleday's division will 
replace Meade's as soon as it can be collected, and if it be done in time of course 
another attack will be made. The enemy are iu force in the woods on our left toward 
Hamilton's, and are threatening the safety of that portion of our line. They seem 
to have detached a portion of their force to our Iront, where Howe and Brooks are 
now engaged. Brooks has some prisoners, and is down to the railroad. Just as 
soon as the left is safe our iorces hero will bo prepared for a front attack, but it 
may be too lato this afternoon. Indeed, we are engaged in front anyhow. Notwith- 
. standing the unpleasant items I relate, tlie morale generally of the troops is good. 

Keeping in mind the fact that the divisions of Howe and Brooks, 
whi(;h General Hardie reported to General Burnside were then actually 
engaged, were the two divisions upon which I had to rely to protect my 
right, center, and bridges, and that every other division of my com- 
mand was at that moment already in support of the left, and that this 
dispatch of General Hardie's was a piece of the evidence before a com- 
mittee supposed to be in search of the truth in regard to a subject of 
such magnitude as the loss of the battle of Fredericksburg, it seems 
incredible that the next paragraph of their report, following the extract 



1032 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & "W. VA. [Chip. LXiH. 

from my testimony which they have given, is the one already quoted, 
that — 

The testimony of all the witnesses before your committee proves most conclusively 
that had the attack been made upon the left with all the force that General Franklin 
could have used for that purpose, the plan of General Unrnside would have been 
completely successful, aud our army would have achieved a most brilliant victory. 

This sweeping statement is made without giving a word of testimony 
in support of the conclusion, or the name of a witness. I am neces- 
sarily in ignorance of what has been testified to by others before the 
committee, but I know that General Burnside and myself were at least 
two of "all the witnesses," and that he, when he was first examined, 
testified to the contrary of any such statement. I know that General 
Hardie's words, written from the battle-field to his chief, were in 
evidence, and that the facts sliown by these witnesses prove the 
conclusions of this committee to be as unfounded as they are unmerited. 

Standing, as I do, thus arraigned aud condemned by the committee, 
I have no fear that my countrymen will adopt their verdict until I have 
been heard in my own behalf. They have thus far inhaled with the 
air they breathe that vital princii)le of fair play that hears before it 
condemns. As a people, they have no purpose to serve in striking 
down a public servant, unless he has proved to be unfaithful to his 
trust, and to their sense of justice I appeal, though the circumstances 
attending my accusation compel me to add to my statement a few words 
personal to myself. My profession is that of arms. I was educated to 
it as a pupil of the nation. My duty and inclination leading in the 
same path, with the feeling that stirred the nation's pulse when its flag 
was torn down by parricidal hands, I dedicated my life aud whatever 
was enwrapt within my life to the defense of ray country. I did not 
underrate the proportions of the rebellion, and I accepted my line of 
duty with the conviction that the nation would require of its loyal 
children determined purpose, aud perhaps great sacrifices, before its 
unity would be restored. With these convictions I took command of a 
brigade in the Army of the Potomac in June, 1861. From that time 
until I was relieved from duty with the Army of the Potomac, on the 
25tli day of January, 1803, I have been trying to do my duty in camp 
and upon the field. That I have not altogether failed, the brave men 
who have grown up with me have proved on the battle fields of Virginia 
and Maryland, and it is but common justice to those of them who yet 
live, and to the memory of those who are dead, to say that they never 
failed me in the time of trial. My time has been passed with my com- 
mand. Including a period of illness, 1 have been absent from it but 
twenty-one days. This has left me but little time to look after matters 
personal to myself. Having no political associations of influence, I 
must content myself as best I can with the reflection that the committee 
believed that the failure at Fredericksburg demanded a victim, and 
that, being of no consequence except as a soldier, it was most available 
to order me to that duty. I have had no friendships which have stood 
in the way of the performance of my duty. 

When General Burnside took command of the Army of the Potomac, 
and up to the time he left it, I gave a hearty obedience to every order he 
gave me, as well as a full and frank expression of my opinion when he 
invited me to his councils. I supposed that we were attached friends, 
and that we were both looking only to those means which would 
achieve success. I agreed with him fully in the propriety of crossing 
the Eappahannock at Fredericksburg at the time proposed byjiis orig- 
inal plan. After that failed, whatever advice I gave to him in council 
sprang from the honest couvictious of my judgment, and I should have 



CHAP.LXni.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1033 

been recreant to my duty, to my country, and my own conscience had I 
given him any other. When the crossing was determined upon, with 
what alacrity 1 obeyed the order, the time within which my troops 
were crossed and placed in line of battle, is the best evidence. This 
done and our troops posted on the enemy's side of the river, with noth- 
ing but frail pontoon bridges between them and their destruction as 
an army, I proposed that an assault should be made upon the enemy's 
l)osition with a column strong enough to command success (naming 
the number of at least six divisions), with the request that I might be 
allowed to make immediate dispositions to carry it out. After waiting 
through the night I was ordered to take a particular height with one 
division and to keep my whole command in readiness for some contem- 
plated movement. In obeying this order according to its letter and 
spirit, a force of the enemy upon my left, my right, and my center, dis- 
covered itself, sutficient to engage during the day every division in my 
command. Our failure was the natural consequence of the insufflcient 
]>reparatioii and the inadequate provision for an attack upon an army 
like thatin front of us. This being the state of thefacts, so far as I am 
concerned, without a hearing or the opportunity of defense, a report 
from the legislative branch of the Government has been spread through 
the newspapers and in pamphlets before my countrymen, stating that 
had I obeyed the orders given me by General Burnside on that day 
our army would have achieved a most brilliant victory. Instead of a 
brilliant victory, it was a sad and fearful disaster, in which many brave 
men fell — men to whom I was attached by two years' association, and 
for this disaster, and for the blood of these comrades, this committee 
say I am responsible. I place these facts by the side of their report, 
perfectly willing to abide by the verdict which the public will pass 
upon me, 

WM. B. FEANKLIN. 

[21.] 

May 1, 1863—1.50 p. m. 
Major-General Sedgwick : 

Deserters just received from Early's division, Hays' brigade, elack- 
son's corps. Their division relieved A. P. Hill, who luarclied up to our 
right. You have, I should judge from their statements, one less di vis 
ion to-day than yesterday in your front, when they left. The table of 
regiments, &c., given you is confirmed by all statements yet received. 
Eespectfully, DANL. BUTTERFTELD, 

Major-General and Chief of Staff. 

The general wants to hear from the balloon. 

[25.J 

Hbabqitaeteus Left Wing, 

May 1, 18li3 — 8.40 p. m. 

Major-General Butterfield, Chief of Staff': 

General Reynolds reports that the result of demonstration was that 
the enemy got under arms. He adds: "From what I have told you, 
you will understand that I could not move without bringing on an 

engagement."* 

JOHN SEDGWICK, 

[25.] Major- General, Commandinij. 

* Vo\ Reynolds' dispatch in full, see Vol. XXV, Tart II, p. 310, 



1034 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S.W., Sc W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

Headquarters Left Wing, 

May 1, 1863— 9.05 p. m. 
General Butterfibld : 
Have received dispatch countermanding order for demonstration.* 

JOHN SEDGWICK, 
[25.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Mat 2, 1863. 
Major-General Humphreys, 

Commanding Third Division : 

General: The major-general commanding desires, as soon as yon 
are supported by Brigadier- General Mott — and before if in your judg- 
ment it is practicable— a small force, to be left to your discretion, should 
be sent up the river road, with directions to proceed cautiously and 
ascertain if there is any appearance of the enemy in your immediate 
front. Particular instructions should be given to them, in case they 
are driven in, to return in such manner as not to mask the fire of the 
batteries. Major-Geiieral Couch reports indications of the enemy 
massing in General Haiicock's front, which is on the plank road and 
old turnpike. 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 

[25.1 Assistant Adjutant- General. 



May 2, 1863—8.55 o'clock. 
Major-General Butterfield, 

Chief of Staff: 
General Eeynolds' movement will be a little delayed in consequence 
of the heavy shelling they have given him. His infantry have been 
in motion for some time, and the whole movement will be pushed. 

JOHN SEDGWICK, 
[25.] Major-General. 



Headquarters First Army Corps, 

May 3, 1863—11.05 a. m. 
General Sedgwick: 

The troops are all across and moving up the road. The bridge is on 
this side and being taken apart. The enemy interfered in no w^ay 
except with his artillery, one shot striking the bridge while the troops 
were crossing, delaying us until a new boat could be put in. I report 
that pontoon bridge will be piled on this side and left. There are no 
trains to haul them off. 

JNO. F. REYNOLDS, 

[25.] Major-General. 

May 2, 1863. 
Major Hancock, 

Assistant A djutant- General : 

The hill in front of General Zook's picket-line and to the left of the 
road I think can be easily taken by a strong skirmish line; if it was 
gained it would be a very important point, as there is an open field 

* See 8.50 p. m., Vol. XXV, Part II, p. 343. 



Chap. LXm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 1035 

beyond the wood. A party of sharpshooters, Eleventh Massachusetts 
Volunteers, are now trying to gain the crest, but are not strong enough 
to hold it. 1 would respectfully request that a staff officer be seut to 
examine the position. 

Very resi)ectfully, 

NELSON A. MILES, 
Colonel Sixty-first New Yorh VoUt., Division Officer of the Day. 
[25.] 



May 2, 1863—4.15 p. m. 
Major-General BuTTERFiELn, 

Chief of Staff: 
The enemy have entirely withdrawn their advanced line with the 
exception of a small picket force. 

T. S. 0. LOWE, 
(25.] Aeronaut, 



Cumberland, May 2, 1863 — 3.30 p. m. 
Lieutenant-Cojonel Chesebrough, 

Assistant Adjutant- General, Baltimore: 
Just arrived here on my way to Harper's Ferry. Will be detained 
here till 6 p. m. The Fourteenth Pennsylvania are on their way back 
to the Ferry. The Tweltth are expected here in about an hour. Will 
]iu8h it on to Roberts as fast as possible. We will have to look outfor 
Jones on his return, as he li is remounted his men with fresh horses 
stolen from the people in Western Virginia. I have effectually blocked 
the Northwestern turnpike from North Branch to Stony Run and 
ordered Smith to fall back to New Creek and assume command, which 
1 think will make that important point safe. 

B. F. KELLEY, 
[-o.\ Brigadier- General. 



United States Ford, May 3, 1863. 
General Butterfield: 

Do not expect dispatches much from General Hooker at present. He 
wishes to hear constantly from you but he is too engaged. He has been 
slightly hurt, but net at all severely. No firing for an hour. Am just 
back from Hooker's headquarters. The slaughtef has been fearful on 
both sides. The enemy must have suffered most as he has been forced 
to attack every time. Your last dispatch is received and forwarded. 

BUFUS INGALLS, 

[25.] Chief Quartermaster. 

Sedowick's Headquarters, 

May 3, 1863. 
General Btjtterfield : 

The enemy's infantry is very light along the whole line opposite here, 
and especially immediately in rear of Fredericksburg. I can see no 
troops moving this way on any of the roads. Heavy cannonading has 
just commenced on the right toward Chancellorsville. 

[25.] T. S. 0. LOWE. 



1036 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXm. 

May 3, 1863. 
General Humphreys, 

Commanding Third Division: 
The major-general commanding directs that the last order be obeyed, 
and that the regiments be sent, as General Mott's brigade is ordered 
to the front. Everything goes well. Sedgwick has Fredericksburg. 
Sickles is in Jackson's rear. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

FKED. T. LOCKE, 
[25.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) War Dept., Adjt. General's Office, 

No. 201. ( Washington, May 4, 1863. 

1. Maj. Gen. F. Sigel, U. S, Volunteers, having reported from leave 
of absence April 30, will proceed to New York and await orders there 
from the 1st instant. 

By order of the Secretary of War : 

E. D. TOWNSEND, 
[25.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

May 4, 18(13. 
Brigadier-General Van Alen, 

Aide-de-Ganq), Headquarters Army of the Potomac: 
General: Major-General Meade directs me to acknowledge the 
receipt of your communication,* and to say that the Third Division of 
this corps (Brigadier-General Humphreys commanding) has been 
ordered to re-enforce Major General lieynolds in case that ofttcer needs 
support. A staff oflScer has been sent to General Reynolds to give 
him this information. Major-General Meade directs me to write this 
because General Humphreys' division comprises all the trooi^s he has 
in reserve. Griffin's and Sykes' divisions being already iu position on 
the line ordered to be held by this corps by the major-general com- 
manding the Army of the Potomac. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 
[25.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

In the Field, May 5, 1863 — 12 m- 
Brig. Gen. S. Williams, 

Assistant Adjutant- General : 

General: I deem it my duty to report that the distinguished con- 
duct of Brigadier-General Birney, Brigadier-General Pleasonton, Col. 
S. B. Haymau, and Col. William Blaisdell, in the engagements with the 
enemy on the 2d and 3d instant, merit the prompt recognition of the 
Government. The conspicuous gallantry and ability which they 

' Probably that of 3.45 p. iii., Vol. XXV, Part II, p. 401. 



Chap. LXin.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1037 

evinced entitle them to promotion. The vacancies made by the death 
of Major-General Berry and Brigadier-General Whipple should, I 
respectfully suggest, be filled by promotions from the troops of the 
same army corps, considering that promotions have been so nobly 
earned in this corps. I earnestly solicit for these recommendations 
the notice of the general in-chief of this army, in order that the serv- 
ice may have all the advantage to be derived from judicious and dis- 
criminating promotions, and the value of these, it may be superfluous 
to add, is doubled when they are promptly conferred. 
I am, general, your most obedient servant, 

D. E. SICKLES, 
[25. J Major-General, Commanding. 



Hdqes. Middle Depaetment, Eighth Army Coeps, 

Baltimore, May 5, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Koberts, 

Clarksburg : 

Very little indeed. Perhaps the Fourteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry 
and a small re-enforcement of cavalry. But I doubt the enemy's design 
to return to Grafton or Clarksburg. He is perhaps maneuvering for 
the railroad beyond you, Parkersburg and the Kanawha. Hooker is 
understood to be going on gloriously.* 

ROBT. C. SCHENCK, 
■ [25.] Major-General, Commanding. 



Centeeville, May 6, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Stannaed, 

Union Mills: 
It is important to hold Rappahannock Station. You will therefore 
order a regiment from Union Mills to hold that front and the railroad 
in its rear. You will apply immediately for transportation by railroad. 
Please acknowledge receipt of this. 
By order of General Abercrombie : 

SAML. APPLETON, 
[25. J • Lieulenant and Aide-de-Camp. 



Hdqes. Middle Depaetment, Eighth Aemy Coeps, 
Baltimore, May 7, 1863 — 1.15 a. m. (Received 1.40 a. m.) 

Maj. Gen. 11. H, Mileoy, 

Winchester, Va.: 

You will bring back your forces from Edenburg and Woodstock. A 
portion of your command must be sent to the relief of General Roberts. 
Let the Ninth and Tenth Regiments Virginia Infantry be held ready 
for immediate movement to Martinsburg. 

ROBT. C. SCHKNCK, 

[25. 1 Major-General, Commanding. 

* This in reply to Roberts of May 5, embodied in Schonck to Kelley, Vol. XX'V'^, 
Part II, p. 429. 



1038 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXm. 

Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, May 10, 1863 — 12 m. 
Brigadier- General Kelley, 

Orafton, Va. : 
The Eighty-seventh Pennsylvania Infantry left Martinsburg last 
night under orders to proceed to report to you at Grafton. The Twelfth 
Virginia Infantry will follow, and a battery, being all of Hay's brigade 
at Winchester. I think it will not be necessary to send you more force, 
but give me frequent reports of the situation. Do you credit the report 
of a rebel force in Tyler County, or going toward Wheeling ? Can they 
go in there and escape you without being cut off? 

EOBT. C. SCHENCK, 
[25.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, May 10, 1863. 
Brigadier- General Kelley, 

Grafton, Ya.: 
If you have enough re-enforcement at the west you may order the 
Tenth Virginia Infantry and Battery B, First Virginia Artillery, to stop 
at any points on the railroad east of Grafton wlieie you want them. 
We must hold all Milroy's troops ready to return if needed ; but I think 
ot sending the Ninth Virginia to Scammon, on the Kanawha, and giv- 
ing Milroy something from here in exchange for it. The battery will 
leave Harper's Ferry between 12 and 2 to-night, and the regiment of 
infantry perhaps not until near noon to-morrow. 

EOBT. C. SCHENCK, 
[25.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, May 10, 1863 — 10 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Kelley, 

Grafton, Va. : 

Another regiment, the Tenth Virginia Infantry, and Battery B, First 
Virginia Artillery, will leave Harper's Ferry for Grafton to-night. I 
think from your reports you can hardly wanj; more troops in that 
direction. What is your opinion? We may next require them east of 
you. It is absolntely necessary that you find out something certain 
of the movements, position, and number of the rebels. They may 
suddenly move to the valley or east of the mountains, concentrate, and 
come down that way. 

EOBT. C. SCHENCK, 

[25.J Ma,jor- General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Department of Washington, 

May 10, 1863—5.30 p. m. (Keceived 9.45 p. m.) 
General Aberceombie, 

Centerville : 
General Stoneman has been ordered by General Hooker to picket the 
Orange and Alexandria Eailroad from Eappahaunock Station to Cedar 
Eun. General Stahel has been advised. As soon as his troops occupy 



CHAP.LXm.] COEBESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1039 

the ground tlie general commanding directs that you withdraw your 
troops to this side of Oedar Run. 

S. H. LATHROP, 
[25,] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Inspector- General. 



Headquarters, 
Charleston, May 12, 1863. 
Col. R. B. Hayes, 

Commanding Brigade Opposite Charleston : 
Your note is just received and all is right. There is, of course, great 
commotion in town. All will think it horrible, but they have been 
playing the game of treachery and must take the result. I have 
ordered 100 men to be brought over as a firing party. Hope the rebels 
will not come in, but if they do Charleston must be destroyed. I have 
been reading the treacherous correspondence of the people here for the 
last three months, and 1 think that our wives and children deserve as 
much consideration as those of Charleston. 

Very respectfully, &c,, E. P. SCAMMOH, 

[25.] Brigadier- General, Commanding. 



Charleston, May 12, 1803. 
Colonel Hates : 

I have already given you the " scare." Think there is truth in it. 
Will probably be over before morning. Meantime, I direct you to have 
guns in readiness to flre on Charleston, If rebels come in here Charles- 
ton shall be destroyed, for it is the work of disloyal citizens. 

E. P. SCAMMON, 
[25.] Brigadier-General. 



Hdqes. First Brig., Third Div., Eighth Army Corps, 

Camp White, Ya., May 12, 1863. 
Maj. J. P, McIleath, 

Comdg. Twenty-third Ohio Vol. Infty., Camp White, Ya., 
[And other Subordinate Commanders:] 

Sir: I am directed by General Scammon to have all in readiness for 
an attack, I do not think it necessary to awaken the men at present, 
but you will see that sentinels are on the alert, and such preparations 
are made as will enable you to have your men ready for an attack on 
the shortest notice. Captain Simmonds and Lieutenant Austin, in case 
of alarm, will put their guns in position to bear on Charleston. 
Respectfully, &c., R. B. HAYES, 

Colonel Twenty-third Ohio Yolunteer Infantry, Commanding. 
[25,1 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, May 13, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Kelley, 

Commanding, t&c., Grafton, Ya. : 
Have requested General Burnside to send the gun-boat now at Par- 
kersburg up the Kanawha to Charleston, Report anything you may 
ascertain in regard to movements of the enemy. 

W. H. CHESEBEOUGH, 
[25.1 Assistant Adjutant- General. 



1040 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

Headquartees Third Army Corps, 

May 14, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. S. Williams, 

Afisistant Adjutant- General : 

General : I have the honor to solicit the attention of the general- 
in chief of this army to the distinguished conduct of llrigadier-General 
Pleasonton, commanding division of cavalry, on Saturday, May 2. 
This accomplished officer, by his gallant and able cooperation while 
temporarily under my commaTid, assisted materially in averting the 
disaster which threatened the army on that day through the failure of 
the Eleventh Army Corps to resist the attack of the enemy on our right 
flank. I respectfully suggest that General Pleasonton sliould be pro- 
moted for his brilliant .services on that occasion. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

D. E. SICKLES, 

[25.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

May 14, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. S. Williams, 

Assistant Adjutant-General : 
General: I have the honor to recommend the promotion of Col- 
S. B. Hayman, commanding brigade, First Division, to be brigadier- 
general. This to fill the vacancy to be made by the promotion of 
Brigadier-General Birney, or the actual vacancy made by the death of 
Brig. Gen. A. W. Whipple, mortally wounded on May 4, near Chaucel- 
lorsville, and I respectfully request that this promotion be conferred 
upon Colonel Hayman for distinguished conduct in the battles and 
operations of the 2d and 3d of May, 1863. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

D. E. SICKLES, 
[25.] Major -General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

May 14, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. S. Williams, 

Assistant Adjutant- General, &c.: 
General: I have the honor to recommend the promotion of Brig, 
Gen. D. B. Birney, commanding First Division, to the vacancy created 
by the death of Major-General Berry, commanding Second Division, 
killed in action on the 3d instant in the battle of Chancellorsville, and 
I respectfully request that this promotion be conferred upon General 
Birney for distinguished conduct in the battles and operations of the 
2d and 3d of May, 1863. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

D. E. SICKLES, 
[25.] Major-General, Commanding. 

Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

May 14, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. S. Williams, 

Asst. Adjt. Gen., Headquarters Army of the Potomac : 
General: I have the honor to recommend that Col. William Blais- 
dell, of the Eleventh Massacbusetts Volunteers, commanding First 



CHAP.Lxm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1041 

Brigade, Second Divisiou, of this corps, be promoted to be brigadier- 
general, to date from May 3, 18G3, for gallant and meritorious services 
in tbe battles and operations of the 1st, 2d, and 3d of May, 1803. 
Colonel Blaisdell ]ia>s served with distinction and fidelity in all the cam- 
paigns of this army, and is an oflicer of great merft. 
Yery respectfully, your most obedient servant, 

D. E. SICKLES, 
[25.] Major-General. Commanding. 



Headquarters Ei^eventu Corps, 

May 14, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. S. Williams, 

Assistant Adjutant-General, Army of the Potomac: 
General : I have the honor to recommend for appointment to the 
position of brigadier general, Col. A. Buschbeck, Twenty-seventh Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers, commanding First Brigade, Steinwehr's division. 
For nearly two weeks he commanded a brigade near Kelly's Ford, 
thirty miles away from the rest of the army, in a manner most satisfac- 
tory. On the march and during the battle Colonel Buschbeck gained 
respect and encomium from all. More than any other officer, he, with his 
brigade, checked the pursuing enemy. I believe him to be a man of 
integrity and ability. Second. I recommend Capt. H. Dilger, Battery I, 
First Ohio Artillery, for a lieutenant-colonelcy by brevet for gallant 
and meritorious conduct during the late battle. He handled his bat- 
tery as well as a man could and receives my highest commendation. 
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

O. O. HOWAKD, 
[25.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Headquarters General Heintzelman, 

May 14, 1803—11 a. m. 
Major-General Schenck, 

Commanding Middle Department, Baltimore: 
Maj. Gen. J. Stahel has sent out a force of 400 of the First Michigan 
Cavalry to try and intercept Mosby, which is all the available force we 
could send, and as there are 400 of the enemy reported near Leesburg 
and 500 near Upperville, it is not considered safe to allow them to pro- 
ceed too far, and in consequence will be of little assistance to the 
detachment of the First New York sent out by you, as our forces are 
so far apart. 

S. P. HEIJSTZELMAN, 
[25.1 Major-General, Commanding. 



Headquarters General Schenck, 

Baltimore, May 14, 1803. 
Brig. Gen. W. fl. Morris, 

Hatyer's Ferry: 
Four hundred rebel cavalry are now reported near Leesburg and 600 
near Upperville. Have Colooel Schley and Captain Means keep a 
sharp lookout on and across the river. There may be a raid designed, 
but let our people beware of any vain rumors. 

KOBT. V. SCHENCK, 
[25.] Major-General, Commanding. 

fifi T?. n — VOL LI. PT I 



1042 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIH. 

General Orders, ) Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

No. 10. S May 18, 1863. 

The following officer is assigned to duty on tbe staff of the major- 
general commanding: Capt. LeGrand Benedict, assistant adjutant- 
general. He will be obeyed and respected accordingly. 
By command of Major General Sickles: 

O. H. HART, 
[25.1 Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Special Orders, | Hdqrs. Department of Washington, 

No. 91. ( May 23, 1863. 

* » . » « * » » 

4. Brig. Gen. G. A. De llussy, U. S. Volunteers, is hereby assigned 
to the command of the Defenses south of the Potomac, headquarters 
Arlington house. Col. T. ii. Tannatt, on being relieved, will assume 
command of his regiment. 

By command of Major-Geueral Heintzelman : 

CARROLL H. POTTER, 

[25.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Cavalry Force, 
Bristoe, via Warrenton, May 28, 1863. 
Maj. H. Baldwin, 

Assistant Adjutant- General, Fairfax Gourt-House: 

Force sent to White Plains returned. Party by way of Warrenton 
met small squad at Salem that escaped toward Waterloo. Party by 
Hopewell Gap and Middleburg met several small squads tliat fled, 
after a little skirmishing, to the mountains. Party via New Baltimore 
and Georgetown met nothing. Force sent to hold Thoroughfare Gap 
had pickets driven in from this side, but held place until arrival of the 
united columns from Plains, when a sharj) skirmish ensued, resulting 
in our dislodging and dispersing them in every direction. The enemy 
numbered sixty. Fight lasted twenty minutes; 2 rebels known to be 
killed; 3 wounded, 1 mortally. We brought in 6 prisoners. Our loss, 
2 horses killed and 2 wounded. The various parties brought in 15 
horses. This expedition demonstrated no considerable force from War- 
renton to Middleburg, but Mosby is said to have now, somewhere in 
or about Aldie, a piece of artillery taken in yesterday from way of 
Waterloo. All quiet this way. 

W, D. MANN, 

[25.] Colonel, Commanding Cavalry. 



General Orders, ) War Dept., Adjt. General's Office, 

No. 160. ( Washington, May 30, 1863. 

A medal of honor has becTi awarded to Private Samuel Johnson, of 
Company G, Ninth Pennsylvania Reserves, for having, by individual 
bravery and daring, captured from the enemy two colors at the battle 
of Antietani, September 17, 1862, and received in the act a severe 
wound. He will be transferred to the Invalid Corps as a commissioned 
ofBcer. 

By order of the Secretary of War : 

E. D. TOWNSEND, 

[19.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Chap. LXHI] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1043 

Washington, May 30, 1863. 
Geueral Stahel : 

The general evinced much satisfaction at your success. He trusts 
your cavalry are on the alert and that the capture of Mosby's guns 
will be followed by yet more gratifying achievements. 

S. H. LATHKOP, 

[25.] Lieutenant- Ooloneli Assistant Inspector- General. 



Circular.] Headquarters First Army Corps, 

May 31, 1863. 
Major-General Reynolds having gone to Washington for a few days, 
the undersigned assumes temporary command of the First Army Corps. 

A. DOUBLEDAY, 
[25.] Major-General of Volunteers. 



Fairfax Court-House, May 31, 1863 — 2 p. m. 
Colonel Mann, 

Bristoe : 
(Via Warrenton Junction.) 
The general commanding directs me to convey to you and the officers 
and men in your command his grateful acknowledgments for the valu- 
able service which you have rendered in routing the enemy and captur- 
ing their artillery in the fight of yesterday. He will take pleasure in 
recommending all engaged to the favorable consideration of the com- 
manding general. 
By order of Major-General Stahel : 

H. BALDWIN, Jr., 
[25.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Department of Washington, 

No. 99. ( June 1, 1863. 

******* 

2. Brig. Gen. S. W. Crawford, U. S. Volunteers, is hereby assigned to 
the command of the First and Third Brigades, Pennsylvania Reserves, 
the Third Brigade to be stationed at Upton's Hill and First Brigade at 
Fairfax Station, where General Crawford will establish his headquarters. 

******* 

By command of Major-General Heintzelman: 

CARROLL H. POTTER, 

[25.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac, 

No. 152. J June 4, 1863. 

******* 

2. Brig. Gen. Alexander Shaler, U. S. Volunteers, will report to the 
commanding general of the Sixth Corps for assignment to a brigade in 
that command. 

By command of Major-General Hooker : 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[27.1 Assistant Adjutant- General. 



1044 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., &, W. VA. [Chap. LXin. 

Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

June 4, 1863. 
Major-Greneral Stkes, 

Commanding Second Division : 

Generax: By direction of the major-general commanding you will 
without any delay move with your division and take position on the 
Rappahannock Eiver, posting one brigade at Banks' Ford, one brigade 
at United States Ford, with a detachment from tlie latter to be sent to 
Richards' Ford and posted there for its protection. You will post the 
other brigade of your division in reserve at Benson's Mills, that being 
a central point from whence roads lead to Richards', United States, and 
Banks' Fords, and from which any portion of your line can be easily 
re-enforced. The major-general commanding directs me to inclose here- 
with copies of telegrams received from the commanding general; also 
a map of the section of the country to be occupied. The major-general 
commanding directs that you take with you the intrenching tools of 
the supply train, and direct your subordinate officers to immediately 
prepare defenses, such as rifle-pits, epaulements for batteries, and to 
make every disposition to check, retard, and prevent the crossing of 
the river at the points whose defense is intrusted to them. There are 
now two batteries of light 12s jiosted at Banks' and United States 
Fords. Two ritied batteries have been ordered to these points to report 
to you. The major general commanding directs that you will instruct 
the several commanding officers at each of the places occupied to 
immediately make themselves acquainted with the woods, paths, &c., 
leading from their posts up and down the river and back into the 
country, to keep up communications with the posts on their right and 
left, and you will discuss and arrange with them a plan of operations 
in case the enemy should force a passage at any point, in which case 
you will concentrate all your command within striking distance as 
rapidly as possible, and hold the enemy in check the longest possible 
time, falling back, when pressed, on the main army at this place. You 
will be careful to see that your command takes with it a full supply of 
ammunition, and you will issue rations so as to have always two days' 
cooked on hand, being thus prepared for immediate movement. You 
will be particularly careful to require your conmiandeis to keep all 
wagons well in rear, and caution them to consider themselves on 
advance picket duty, requiring the utmost vigilance and activity. Tlie 
major-general commanding desires that you will give your personal 
attention to the posting of your trooi)S in their respective positions. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

FEED. T. LOCKE, 

[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

June 5, 1863. 
Commanders of Divisions and Artillery Brigade: 

General : Your division will be held in readiness to march at day- 
light to-morrow morning. 
By command of Major-General Birney: 

J. HAYDEN, 
Lieutenant- Colonel and Acting Assistant Adjutant-General 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1045 

H-EADQUAETERS AUMY OF THE POTOMAC, 

June 5, 1863 — 11 a. m. 
Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick, 

Commanding Sixth Corps: 
Tlie major-general commanding directs that when the bridge Briga- 
dier-Greneral Eenhani is ordered to throw across the river to-day shall 
liave been laid, you hold it with such force as may be necessary ifor the 
purpose. 

1 am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. BARSTOW, 
[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquartebs Army of the Potomac, 

June 5, 1863. 
Major-(Jeneral Howard : 

We are shelling the enemy's rifle-pits in front of Franklin's Crossing 
where we propose to lay a bridge. 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[27. J Assistant Adjutant- General, 

CiECULAE.] Headquarters Second Army Coeps, 

June 6, 1863. 
Maj. Gen. D. N. Couch having returned, he directs me to say to you 
that he has assumed command of the Second Army Corps. 
By command of Major-General Couch : 

JNO. S. SGHULTZE, 
[27.] Captain and Acting Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Couch's Headquarters, 

June 0, 1863. 
General Williams: 

My corps officer of the day reports the following: 

The enemy have retired their line of pickets from the river and established a new 
line back of the city. Their earth-works are full of men, and they a,re mounting 
heavy guns and moving artillery. 

D. N. COUCH, 
[27.] Major-General. 

Headquarters Fifth Army Coeps, 

June G, 1863 — 6.15 p. m. 
Major-General Butterfield, 

Chief of Staff: 
The following has just been received from General Barnes: 

Colonel Vincent reports that .at Kemper's Ford the pickets yesterday were weak 
and few appeared. This morning they arc stronger and show themselves in con- 
siderable numbers. Last night two supports were heard to move nearer tho river, 
being moved b.'ick at daylight. It was not possible to ascertain whether they were 
cavalry or infantry. At Ellis' Ford the enemy makes no attempt to conceal his 
movements; has but small force, and there is apparently but little, if any, strength- 
ening the line. 

GEO. G. MEADE, 
[27.] Major-General. 



1046 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXm. 

Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

June 6, 1863. 
Maj. Gen. G. Sykes, 

Commanding Second Division : 

General: Telegram sent for your information and guidance.* As 
this dispatch is inconsistent with the one from General Butterfield requir- 
ing the enemy's strength to be felt, I have telegraphed to know whether 
it supersedes the former, also for explanation as to the expression 
"pickets not to be withdrawn," and asking whether small parties are 
to be left at the various jioints at this time occupied. Please prepare 
for orders for immediate movement, and arrange so that details may be 
left to occupy as pickets the different points you are now defending and 
guarding, making these us small as possible, and selecting some inde- 
pendent command and oflRcer to take charge in case of the withdrawal 
of the command. 

By command of Major-General Meade: 

FEED. T. LOCKE, 

[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

June 7, 1863. 
Maj. Gen. J. Sedgwick, 

Commanding Sixth Corps: 

General : The commanding general desires that you send at once all 
your intrenching tools to the bridges at Franklin's Crossing. It is the 
intention to throw up a field-work to cover the bridges. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

June 7, 1863. 
Maj. Gep. J. Sedgwick, 

Commanding Sixth Corps: 
General: The commanding general directs that you order Brig. 
Gen. D. A. Eussell to report in person at these headquarters without 
delay, to receive instructions for special duty. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac, 

No. 156. ] Camp near Falmouth, Va., June 8, 1863. 

6. Brig. Gen. William Harrow, U. S. Volunteers, will report to Major- 
General Couch for assignment to a brigade in the Second Army Corps. 
» * * • » * , * 

By command of Major-General Hooker: 

S. WILLIAMS, 

[27.] ^ Assistant Adjutant- General. 

*See Williams' dispatch of 9 p. m., Vol. XXVII, Part IH, p. 17. ' 



Chap. LXm.] CORRESPOITOENCE, ETC. UNION. 1047 

Confidential.] Headquarters Cavalry Corps, 

Warrenton Junction, Ya., June 8, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. D. McM. Gregg, 

Commanding Second and Third Cavalry Divisions: 

General: You will move your command to day in such manner as 
to be able to act with them at daylight in the morning (to-morrow) to 
cross the Rappahannock River at Kelly's Ford. On arriving at Kelly's 
Ford you will find Brig. Gen. D. A. Russell, with a command of 1,500 
infantry and one horse battery, which force will be under your orders 
for ensuing operations. At daylight of the 9th instant you will cross 
your whole command of infantry, cavalry, and artillery over the Rap- 
pahannock River at Kelly's Ford as expeditiously as possible. A 
couple of boats will be at the ford under your orders, to enable you 
to cross some infantry above or below the ford, to drive away the 
enemy's pickets attempting to annoy you. Unless there is the most 
urgent necessity for it, do not u.se your artillery in effecting a crossing, 
as it would only apprise the enemy of your advance. Have no bugle or 
other calls sounded until further orders. As soon as you have crossed 
the river, move on as rapidly as possible, keeping your force well in hand, 
and masking the infantry with your cavalry and by the forests to pre- 
vent the enemy from observing it. When your infantry have crossed 
Kelly's Ford, direct it to move on Brandy Station. The cavalry will 
extend to the right as far as that point, with its line in the direction 
and as far as Stevensburg. It is expected that by the time your right 
is near Brandy Station, you will be in communication with the other 
forces of the expedition. If this is the case, you will then, while mov- 
ing forward your right in the direction of Culpeper, swing round your 
left to envelop such of the enemy's forces as may be east and south of 
Culpeper. Brigadier-General Russell's command will act with General 
Ames' command on reaching Brandy Station, and form a distinct com- 
mand under the orders of Brigadier -General Russell. General Rus- 
sell's command will follow the cavalry movement to Culpeper. General 
Barnes, of the Fifth Corps, at Kelly's Ford, will be directed to cross 
500 men to the opposite side of the river and put themselves iu com- 
munication with your force at Stevensburg, to protect your flank from 
attack. You will place in position at Stevensburg at least one regiment 
of cavalry and two pieces of artillery, with especial instructions to look 
out for Raccoon Ford. You will also throw out strong pickets in the 
direction of Ely's and the Germanna Fords, who will give timely notice 
tc Barnes' infantry of any approach of the enemy in that direction. 
Should you hear very heavy firing with troops not of your command, 
hasten to their assistance. Headquarters will move with the infantry 
and cavalry on the right until they arrive at Brandy Station. After 
that the headquarters will be with the infantry command, unless cir- 
cumstances require a change, when you will be duly notified. Endeavor 
tc communicate with the command on your right as soon after crossing 
as possible. It gives me great pleasure to state, general, you have my 
entire confidence in the execution of these duties. Keep me fully 
advised of your progress. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

A. PLEASONTON, 

[27.] Brigadier-General, Commanding. 



1048 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXin. 

Headquaeters Fifth Army Corps, 

June 9, 1863 — 1 a. m. 
Brigadier-General Barnes, 

Commanding First Division: 

General: The major-general commanding bas read your reports, 
and directs me to say that your arrangemeuts to co-operate with Gen- 
eral Pleasonton's cavalry are satisfactory. The information given by 
Colonel Vincent is corroborative of what he has already heard. You 
can send in your reports, instead of every three or four hours, say every 
six liours — about 7 a. m., 1 p, m., &c. Very important information will 
of course be sent in as soon as received. 

Very respectfully, vour obedient servant, 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 

[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General, 

HeADQUARTEUS I'lFTH ARMY CORPS, 

June 9, 1863 — 7 p. m. 
General Barnes:] 

General: The major-general commanding directs that you imme- 
diately send to the suiiport of General Pleasonton, at Brandy Station, 
1,000 infantry from your command. Tbey should have their three days' 
cooked rations in haversacks, aud be supplied with fortyrounds in boxes 
and twenty-five on their persons. No wagons or vehicles to accompany 
them except a few ambulances. Let no time be lost in pushing forward 
this command, and assign to its direction an intelligent aud active offi- 
cer. It would be well, if practicable, to send the whole of the brigade 
from which the 500 were taken this morning; but upon this point I 
leave details to your discretion. General Pleasonton must be promptly 
re-enforced without the least delay, and the nearest troops should be 
sent to him, supplying their places with your reserves. The map I 
furnished you will indicate the road from Kelly's Ford to Brandy Sta- 
tion. Hold your posts on the river in force, and put all your artillery in 
position to cover the withdrawal of General Pleasonton's command in 
case the same should be necessary. Just as I had completed the above 
the accompanying telegram was received from headquarters suspend- 
ing for the present the order to re-enforce General Pleasonton. You 
had better, however, be prepared for the receipt of such orders, getting 
the command required ready at Kelly's Ford, and your reserve ready 
to move down and take its place. I regret I have so frequently to call 
your attention to the necessity of keeping me promptly and frequently 
advised of what is transpiring in your front. The last and only dis- 
patch this day received from Kelly's Ford is dated 7 a. m., and a fast 
horse can certainly traverse the distance in two hours and a little over. 
It is impossible for me to answer the numerous calls from headquarters 
if you do not co-operate by keeping me posted up. Let me know by 
bearer. Captain Jay, aide-de-camp, your proi)osed arrangements and 
all that has occurred in your frbnt. 
EespectfuUy, yours, 

GEO. (i. MEADE, 

Major- General. 

P. S. — A telegraph line is now being put up to your headquarters. 
Will reach there about midnight. Please take care of the operator 
sent up. 

[27.] 



Chap. LXm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1049 

Headquaetees Eleventh Corps, 

June 9, 1863. 
E. M. Stanton, 

Secretary of War: 
Sir : I have four brigades in this corps commanded by colonels. The 
impression i^revails that all promotions come from outside the corps. 
Now, in order to strengthen the command and insure its efBciency, I 
recommend for promotion totherank of brigadier-general : Col. Adolphus 
Buschbeck, Twenty-seventh Regiment rennsyhania Volunteers, and 
Col. Orland Smith, Seventy-third Ohio Volunteers. I can vouch for 
these officers' loyalty, energy, and peculiar fitness as military men. If 
these worthy officers can be promoted I believe it will serve to allay 
much of the irritation that seems to exist in this corps. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

O. O. HOWARD, 
[27.] Major-General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Third Division, 

Jtme 10, 1863. 
Lieut. Col. M. T. McMahon, 

Assistant Adjutant- General, Sixth Corps: 

Colonel: I have given the instructions suggested to the command- 
ing officer on the left, General Wheaton, and particularly warned him 
against any surprise. I did not feel any alarm, not having the brigade 
in reserve, but would feel much stronger were my lines not so much 
constrained by the rifle-pits. I regard the rifle-pits as at present laid 
out a iwsitive weakness in compelling me to occupy a certain line, and 
by not allowing me to use my own discretion and make my own dispo- 
sitions. For the information of the general commanding tbe corps and 
to satisfy my own sense of duty, I am obliged to state the line of rifle-pits 
is virtually no reserve, is by no means a strong one, but under any cir- 
cumstances the commanding general may be assured the troops under 
my command will do their duty to tbe last extremity. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

JOHN NEWTON, . 

[27.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Headquaetees Poueth Army Corps, 

Fort Magruder, June 10, 1863. 
Captain Gillis, 

TJ. S. Kavy : 
SlE : The infantry will be at the Jamestown Island wharf at or 
before midnight. I have no reason to suppose they will liave any dif- 
ficulty in getting there. If they do not get there it would not be worth 
while to inarch to Barrett's Ferry to-night, and they would return here. 
If you find them on the wharf, and I doubt not you will, please go on 
rapidly, and if possible land them at two points on the Chickahominy. 
If you do not find the infantry, 1 trust you will not fail to steam up the 
Chickahominy past the mouth of the Diascond, as I wish to give the 
enemy an idea that we are coming in on the rear of the bridge. Go as 
far up that river as you think prudent, in any eveiit. 
Yours, truly, 

E. D. KEYES, 
[27.] Major-General, 



1050 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. Lxm. 

Headquaktebs Aemy op the Potomac, 

June 11, 1863. 
Major-General Eetnolds, 

(Jommanding First Corps : 
GrENEBAi: The commanding general directs me to say that you will 
camp in the vicinity of Berea Church; that you will move to the sup- 
port of General Meade, who holds the line from Banks' to Kelly's Ford, 
or to General Birney, who will hold the line from Kelly's to Beverly 
Ford, as circumstances may require. Put yourself in telegraphic com- 
munication with headquarters and with Generals Meade and Birney, 
the latter at Bealeton, the former near Grove Church. Orders concern- 
ing your pickets will be sent upon receipt of your reply as to number 
of men, &c. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

DANL. BUTTEKFIELD, 
[27.] Major- General and Chief of Staff. 



Headquaktebs Abmy of the Potomac, 

.June 11, 1863. 
Major-General Biknet, 

Commanding Third Corps : 
General: The major-general commanding directs that you move 
your corps to the vicinity of Bealeton at once, the march to be made 
in such a manner as to conceal the movement of your troops and trains 
from the observation of the enemy. To have your corps at Bealeton by 
to-morrow evening. You will guard the river from General Meade's 
right at Kelly's Ford to Beverly Ford. You will gain much informa- 
tion as to these fords from the commanding and other officers of the 
Cavalry Corps now in that vicinity. Your column must be made as 
mobile as possible and divested of everything in excess of regulations 
and prescribed orders. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

DANL. BUTTEEFIELD, 
[27.] ' Major-General and Chief of Staff. 



Headquaktebs Fourth Army Corps, 

Fort Magruder, June 11, 1863. 
Captain Gillis, 

Z7. 8. Wavy : 
Sir: I regret the non-arrival of the gun-boats, but do not wish to 
abandon the expedition. 1 have sent down to order the Smith Briggs 
up, and will have the infantry at the wharf at 12 to-night. Don't let 
the Smith Briggs go very far up the Ohickahominy; not quite so far 
as I would have sent her to-day, but still some distance. 
Yours, in haste, 

E. D. KEYES, 
[27.J Major-General. 

Headquarters Fourth Army Corps, 
Fort Magruder, near Williamsburg, June 11, 1863. 
Captain Gillis, 

U. 8. Navy, Commanding Qun-Boats : 
Sir : I shall expect you to be at the Jamestown Island wharf at mid- 
night tonight with three gun-boats and two transports. As you pass 



CHAP.Lxm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1051 

send a boat in to the King's Mill wharf, which is a mile or so below the 
month of College Creek and directly opposite this place. I will have n 
letter there for you, and a party there on the lookout. Show lanterns 
on the starboard side only till you get my note; after that go as dark as 
possible, as the enemy have lookouts on both sides of the river above. 
I shall send about 1,200 infantry with two days' rations, and I wish 
them to land at one or two points on the right bank of the Chickahominy, 
as you may think most prudent, and that they should march briskly up 
the roads and make their presence known. I should like to have them 
ashore on that side from early morning till near night, you taking them 
on board before dark and lauding them on the same Jamestown Island 
wharf, where you will wait till you learn the bridge across the stream to 
the mainland has not been destroyed during your absence. Should you 
not find any infantry at the wharf on your way up, wait there a short time 
and then steam up into the mouth of the Chickahominy; remain some 
time after daylight, and if my men are not there return to Yorktown. 
Keep a good lookout for enemy's vessels and examine the river closely. 
If anything specified herein should not occur as foreseen, you must act 
in accordance with your own sound discretion. Send me a note, stating 
what vessels you have, from King's Mill wharf, &c. 

I remain, very sincerely, your obedient servant, 

E. 1). KBYES, 
[27.] Major- General, 



Headquarters Fourth Army Corps, 
Near Williamsburg, Va., June 11, 1863 — 3.30 p. ni. 
Brigadier-General Gordon, 

Commanding Division : 
Sir: I have not yet succeeded in communicating with the gun-boats. 
Shall not abandon the effort till dark, and am now going down to the 
Jamestown Island landing myself. As seven gun-boats (two moni- 
tors) have passed up, I think you can remain out another day or two. 
We shall stir up the enemy when we succeed in landing some infantry 
above the Chickahominy. If you think you can remain out I will send 
out some loads of meat, bread, coffee, &c., as you may desire, early in 
the morning. In no case do I wish you to return until late to-morrow 
evening if you can possibly avoid it. 
Yours, very respectfully, 

E. D. KEYES, 
[27.] Major- General. 



Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

June 13, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Humphreys, 

Commanding Second Division: 

General: The major-general commanding directs that you take the 
road hence to Kelly's Ford and picket thence to Beverly Ford, detail- 
ing one of your brigades for this purpose and using the other for a 
reserve. A battery will be ordered to report to you and will be attached 
to your reserve. You will establish your pickets between the points 
above mentioned, and by the use of rifle-pits and abatis you will enable 
your men to render the fords impassable to the enemy. You will estab- 
lish communication with General Meade, who is on your left, and with 
General Pleasonton, who is upon your right. The headquarters of the 



1052 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., Sl W. VA. IOhap. LXIII 

corps will be established at Bealeton, and you will communicate with 
them on the right if you find that you cannot do so with Pleasonton 
to-night. You will use every endeavor to carry out these instructions 
before dark, and report the result of your eft'orts to these headquarters 
this evening in person. The train of your division will be sent to 
Bealeton; your ambulances will accompany the division. The tools of 
your pioneers are supposed to be sufficient for your use, but should it 
be thought necessary to increase the strength of the working parties 
you will obtain the necessary tools at these headquarters. It is, how- 
ever, necessary that the tools be used as economically as possible, and 
none taken from these headquarters if it can be avoided. Lieutenant 
Briscoe (the bearer) will accompany you as a guide, and you will avail 
yourself of his intimate knowledge of the country in establishing your 
picket-line. 

I am, general, yours, respectfully, 

J. HAYDEN, 
Lieutenant- Colonel and Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headqitabters Fourth Army Corps, 
N'ear Fort Magruder, Va., June 12, 1863 — 11 a. m. 
Brigadier-General Gordon, 

Gommanding Division: 

Sir: The major-general commanding directs me to say that he has 
just received a communication from ]Ma.ior-Geiieral Dix informing him 
that General Peck has moved in the direction proposed. It is the desire 
of General Dix, as well as of General Kej'es, as ho notified you last 
night, that you should keep your command out longer than to day if 
you can do so without hazarding its safety, and lie thinks you ought to 
be able to learn something of the enemy's numbers and position. The 
general (jommanding requests that you will send in your requisitions 
for such supplies as you may require, and that if possible an officer 
may be sent to attend to forwarding them for your whole command, 
including Colonel West's. He wishes to be informed of anything that 
occurs of importance, and he will be glad if you determine that it is 
prudent to remain out at least one day longer after to-day. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

OSWALD JACKSON, 

[27.] Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Fourth Army Corps, 

Williamsburg, Va,, June 13, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Gordon, 

Commanding Division : 
Sir : I have your note of to-day. Have ordered up to you two days' 
rations, as I am not certain it is expedient for you to return to- morrow. 
I think it better not to hurry back, and to feel the enemy a little more! 
I have been waiting impatiently all day to get word from Colonel 
Johnson and the gun-boats, and will write you the news I may receive. 
My orders cannot be positive at this distance, and you must be the 
judge as to whether you can hold your ground or not; but I think it 
highly important that you should remain out a while longer. 
I am, respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. D. KEYES, 
[27.] Major- General, Commanding Fourth Army Corps. 



Chap. LXin.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1053 

Special Oedees, ) Hdqes. Aemy of the Potomac, 

No. 161. I Camp near Falmouth, June 13, 1863. 

5. Brig. Gen. G. K. Warren is assigned to the general charge of the 
troops designated to cover the withdrawal of tbe sick and 8U])plies from 
Potomac Creeii and Aquia depots. Ue will be guided in this duty by 
the special instructions be has received from the commanding general, 
and his orders will be obeyed by all concerned. 

By command of Major-General Hooker: 

S. WILLIAMS, 

[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Heabquarters Third Army Corps, 

June 13, 1863—12.15 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Humphreys, 

Commanding Second Division: 
General : The major-general commanding directs me to say that he 
is in receipt of your note of this morning, relating to the defenses of the 
fords, and that he desires that you take immediate measures to carry 
out the instructions of yesterday, but while doing so that you also use 
every precaution necessary to avoid observation. 
I am, general, yours, respectfully, 

J. HAYDBN, 
Lieutenant- Cohtiel and Acting Assistant Adjutant-General. 
[27.] 



Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

Camp, Berea Church, June 13, 1863. 
Major-General Sykes: 

You Avill concentrate your division (trains and batteries) at Hartwood 
Church, and there await the relief of your pickets on the river. Those 
at Banks' Ford will be relieved by Major-General Hancock; those at 
United States Ford by cavalry to be sent by Major-General Keynolds. 
So soon as your pickets are relieved you will proceed as rapidly as 
possible to Warrenton Junction from Hartwood Church, taking the 
right-hand road, so as to avoid General Barnes' division moving from 
Morrisville to the same point through Elk Run. I sliall i)roceed from 
hence to Grove Church, and will leave with you at Hartford an oper- 
ator to telegraph to Grove Church so long as I remain there. 
Kespectfully, yours, 

GEO. G. MEADE, 
[27.1 Major-General, Commanding. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

June 13, 1863. 
Major-General Sedgwick, 

Commanding Sixth Corps: 
Geneeal: The major-general commanding directs that you send a 
competent officer, with instructions, with the trains to keep them 
moving on and out of the way and to keep the road clear. That you take 
a position on the north side of Potomac Creek, if necessary on the 
high ground, uutil Hancock's trains have passed; all trains to keep in 



1054 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXin. 

motion until near Dumfries and across Occoquan Kiver. Ton will send 
a staff officer to-morrow p. m. to Dumfries, to report to headquarters 
for orders. 

Very respectfully, 

S. F. BAESTOW, 
[27. j Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Hdqbs. Cavalry Corps, Army ok the Potomac, 

Warrenton Junction, Va., June 13, 1863. 
Major-General Birney, 

Commanding Third Corps, Bealeton, Va.: 
General: General Pleasonton directs me to communicate all the 
information of interest to you concerning- the movements of our troops. 
General Gregg has been ordered to send a brigade to Warrenton with 
instructions to scout toward Amissville, Little Washington, and beyond. 
General Buford has been instructed to send a brigade to Salem with 
instructions to scout west into the valley if possible. We have no 
positive information of the movements of the enemy, but have reason 
to believe that the enemy is making a movement with a view to turn- 
ing our right. Any information will be promptly communicated to 
you. TLe cavalry was ordered to report to you and should have been 
there early this morning. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

A. J. ALEXANDER, 
[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, June 13, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Kelley, 

Harperh Ferry: 

The general commanding wishes to impress upon General Kelley the 
importance of concentrating at Martinsburg Colonel Smith's brigade, 
which Brigadier General Tyler will be in Martinsburg on special train 
to take command of. Are the lines in working order to Winchester? 

DONN PIATT, 

[27.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Chief of Staff. 



Edqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, June 13, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Briggs, 

Frederick, Md.: 
Milroy attacked in force ; rebels approaching Maryland. It is neces- 
sary to be on tbe alert and watch telegraph and bridges. 

DONN PIATT, 
[27.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Eight Wing, 

June 14, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Pleasonton, 

Commanding Cavalry Corps: 
General : You will relieve the pickets in command of General Birney 
at Beverly, Eappahauuock, and Kelly's Ford, stationing strong reserves 



CHAP. Lxra.l CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 1055 

at each of these places. You will hold these positions, taking charge 
of' all the pickets until Monday morning, 15th instant, at which time 
you will fall back in the direction of Manassas and Oeuterville. Gen- 
eral Hooker's headquarters will be at Dumfries to-night. You will be 
charged with covering the withdrawal of this wing of the army to the 
line of the Orange and Alexandria Itailroad. 

By command of Major-General Eeynolds : 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 

[27. J Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Washington, D. C, June 14, 1863 — 1 p. m. 
General Schenck, 

Baltimore : 
Get Milroy from Winchester to Harper's Ferry if possible. He will 
be gobbled up if he remains, if he is not already past salvation. 

A. LINCOLN. 
[27.] 



Hbqbs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, June 14, 1863. 
Major-General Couch, 

Gomdg. Department of the Susquelumna, Chambershurg, Pa. : 
Bwell, with Jackson's old division and in force, has been fighting us 
siuce last night at Winchester, and is pressing on to Martinsburg. I 
have not the means to check him at the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 
or at the Potomac River. I shall concentrate all I can to hold Mary- 
land Heights. 

BOBT. C. SCHENCK, 
[27.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Hdqbs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, June 14, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Tyler, 

Harper^s Ferry or Martinsburg : 
Received the following from Major-General Halleck : 

It is reported that Longstreet's and E well's corps have passed through Cnlpeper to 
Sperryville toward the valley. 

Be cautions. 

DONN PIATT, 

[27.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Chief of Staff. 

Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, June 14, 1863. 
Brigadier General Kelley, 

Harperh Ferry: 
All troops, stores, «&c., west of Martinsburg must be carried to 
Grafton, where Aveiell is ordered also to concentrate. This order 
must be promptly carried into effect. 
Bv order of Major-General Schenck: 

DONN PIATT, 
[27.1 Lieutenant- Colonel and Chief of Staff. 



1056 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIU. 

Hbqes. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, June 1-1, 1863. 

Brigadier-General Beiggs, Frederick, Md. : 

(concentrate rapidly as possible your forces at Harper's Ferry. 
Eebels attacking Milroy at Winchester, while detached forces are 
pressing on to Martinsburg and Harper's Ferry. 

By order of Major-General Schenck: 

DONN PIATT, 

[ii7.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Fourth Army Corps, 
Camp near Williamsburg, Va., June 14, 1863. 

Brigadier- General Gordon, 

Commanding Division, near Nine-Mile Ordinary: 

Sir : Your note of this morning was duly received. I am glad you 
have possession of Diascond bridge. You do not mention in your note 
the name of the officer who commanded the force which took possession 
of the bridge. While I was up at your headquarters yesterday you 
told me, as I understood, that Colonels Porter and Grimshaw were 
both out, and 1 would like to know which first crossed the bridge. 
Your arrangements appear to be good and your activity sufficient. In 
following out the programme "to feel the enemy constantly,"! must 
require greater caution in proportion as you advance farther up the 
Peninsula. The reports I have received that some of Longstreet's 
corps are not far from the White House, on the other side of the 
Paiiiunkey, renders the caution necessary. The next move I make to 
facilitate and aid your movements will depend on the answer 1 receive 
from (ireneral I)ix and Admiral Lee. The moment I determine on any- 
thing I shall notify yon. 

I remain, respectfully, your obedient servant, 

E. D. KEYES, 

[27. J Major-General. 

Headquarters Eight Wing, 

June 15, 1863. 
Major-General Birney, Commanding Third Corps: 

General : The commanding general directs that, with your corps, 
you move to Manassas to-day and remain there until the troops and 
trains coming up on the right have crossed the Occoquan. You will 
take such position at Manassas as to cover the railroad, using any of 
the old fortifications that may be of benefit to you. My headquarters 
to-night will be at Centerville. 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 

[27.] Lieutenant-Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, June 15, 1863. 
Hon. John L. Chapman, Mayor of Baltimore : 

The State of Maryland having been called on to furnish 10,000 troops 
for six months as her contingent of the 100,000 asked for by the Presi- 
dent's proclamation issued to day, I doubt not the loyal people of Balti- 
more will at once do their part to help fill the requisition. In this I am 



CHAP. LXm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1057 

told that the ever-patriotic members of your city council are anxious 
and ready to co-operate. But the council being now adjourned over 
to the 29th instant, I take* the liberty of suggesting whether, in order 
to afford them an opportunity of promptly acting, it may not be advis- 
able for you to summon that body to meet immediately, that the subject 
may be laid before them for consideration. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

EOBT. C. SCHENOK, 
[27.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Hdqes. Midble Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, June 15, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Aterell, 
Colonel Mulligan, or 
Officer in Command at Grafton: 

Instead of remaining at Grafton as the point of concentration you 
will push eastward with all the force you can, and all the means of 
transportation you can command, to New Creek. The enemy this 
morning is believed to be in Martinsburg, but we hold Harper's Ferry 
and Winchester. 
By order: 

DONN PIATT, 
[27.] Chief of Staff. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, June 15, 1863. 

Capt. William H. Boyd, 

First Netv York Cavalry, Chambersburg, Pa. : 
You will immediately proceed with your command, together with all 
other cavalry from this department that may have arrived at Cham- 
bersburg, and go by way of Bmmitsburg and Frederick to Harper's 
Ferry, there to report to Brigadier-General Tyler for duty. 
By order of Major-General Schenck : 

DONN PIATT, 
[27. J Chief of Staff. 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 

No. 148. ) t7M»e 16, 1863. 

2. Brigadier-General Paul, First Division, will report without delay 
to Brigadier-General liobiuson, commanding Second Division, for 
assignment to the First Brigade of that division. 

3. Brigadier-General Cutler, commanding First Brigade, First Divis- 
ion, is assigned to the command of the Second Brigade of that division. 

Bv command of Major-General Reynolds : 

•* 0. KINGSBUEY, Jr., 

r27.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 

67 R R— VOL LI, PT I 



1058 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXm. 

Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, June 16, 1863. 
Major-General Haileck, 

General-in-Chief, Washington: 
General Coucli telegraphs me his latest information is that the enemy 
took possession of Chanibersburg with 600 to 800 men. He hopes to 
have more certain information in an hour or so. 

KOBT, O. SCHENCK, 
r27.] Major-General, Commanding. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, June 16, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Briggs, 

Relay House : 
Push out as rapidly as possible to Harper's Ferry. Leave at Monoo- 
acy bridge guard enough to man the block-houses. At what hour will 
you be ready to move? Keep me advised. 
By order: 

DONN PIATT, 
[27.] Chief of Staff. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, June 16, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Briggs, 

Belay House: 
Get ready, but do not start until further orders. 
By order : 

DONN PIATT, 
[27.] Chief of Staff. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, June 16, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Briggs, 

Relay House: 

Be on the alert to-night. Trouble apprehended on railroad between 
you and Washington. 

DONN PIATT, 

[27.] Chief of Staff. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, June 16, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Lockwood, 

Point Lookout, Md. : 

Steamer leaves here for Point Lookout to fetch your troops. Please 
hasten their embarkation. 
By order : 

DONN PIATT, 

[27.] Chief of Staff. 



chap.lxni.1 correspondence, etc. union. 1059 

Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, June 16, 1863. 
Colonel Tritex, 

Gomdg. 14th New Jersey and 138th Pennsylvania, 

Belay Mouse, or at first station on road: 
General Tyler telegraphs that trains must not approach Harper's 
Ferry except in broad daylight. Ton must go slowly, and stop at 
Monocacy and wait until daylight; then telegraph General Tyler, and 
take his orders about approaching him. Send forward an officer, and 
scouts also, immediately on reaching Monocacy, to communicate with 
General Tyler. Keep steam up all the time and trains ready to move. 
Do not permit a man to leave the cars. If wires are down and you 
cannot telegraph to and from General Tyler, you must not proceed 
until you can hear through your of&cer and scouts and get communi- 
cation with him in that way. Be very careful and watchful. I will 
telegraph General Tyler to send cavalry patrols along the road from 
Harper's Ferry to Point of Eocks. Answer immediately on receiving 
this dispatch. 

DONN PIATT, 
[27.] Chief of Staff. 



War Department, 
Washington City, June 16, 1863 — 10.15 a. m, 

Major-General Oottch: 

What description of force is at Chambersburg ; in what numbers, and 
under whose command? Such particulars are very necessary to be 
known here in determining the operations of Hooker's force. No pains 
should be spared to get accurate information in detail and report it 
here. The people being friendly, there would seem that with proper 
diligence and system accurate and full information might be had not 
only of the movements being made, but who and what number is mak- 
ing them.* 

EDWIN M. STANTON. 

[27.] 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac, 

No. 163. ] Fairfax Station, Va., June 17, 1863. 

1. The Twentieth and Ninety-fourth New York Eegiments will pro- 
ceed without delay to take post at the mouth of the Monocacy for the 
purpose of protecting the bridges and fords at that point. They will 
receive special instructions from Brigadier- General Warren after 
reaching their destination. Until the arrival of General Warren the 
senior officer will assume command, and will give whatever instruc- 
tions may be necessary. These regiments will move from Alexandria 
by land and take with them their wagons and equipage. 

Bv command of Major-General Hooker: 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[27.1 Assistant Adjutant-General. 



' For reply, see 11.20 a. m., Vol. XXVII, Part III, p. 161. 



1060 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXin. 

Hdqks. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, June 17, 1863. 
Major-General CotTCH, 

Harrisburg, Pa. : 
The rebel Imboden to-day iDvested Cumberland with two regiments 
of infantry, one of cavalry, and a battery. He may try to get west on 
2S'ational road to Wheeling. I have General Kelley looking after him. 
General Tyler repcirts the enemy gone from Harper's Ferry, but about 
8,000 infantry and cavalry at Williamsport, destroying canal, &c., 
while their cavalry has gone into Pennsylvania. What can you tell 
me now of the raid in that direction 1 Has Carlisle been visited ? I 
have my vedettes out, but can hear nothing yet of any coming in this 
direction. 

EOBT. C. SCHENCK, 
[27. J Major-General, Commanding. 



Hdqbs. Middle Depaetment, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, June 17, 1863. 
Major-General Brooks, 

Pittsburg, Pa. : 
The rebel Imboden was to day at Cumberland with two regiments of 
infantry, one of cavalry, and a battery. I have directed General Kel- 
ley, at Jfew Creek, to look after him, but he may make a push by the 
National road through Uniontown toward Wheeling. There ought to 
be a gun-boat at Wheeling, one at Parkersburg, and one in the Big 
Kanawha. Have you any above Cincinnati ? 

EOBT. C. SCHENCK, 
[27. j Major-General, Commanding. 



Circular.] Headquarters Second Army Corps, 

Wolf Run Shoals, June 17, 1863. 

The command will move at 8 this a. m. in the following order : First 
Division, Second Division, Third Division. The First Division will 
assign a brigade as an escort to the train. The commander of the 
brigade thus assigned will report to tlie general commanding the corps 
when we reach Fairfax Station. The Third Division will furnish a 
brigade for rear guard A section of artillery will be added to it. At 
Fairfax Station the troops will halt for some time and have access to 
their wagons. The disposition of the artillery the same as on the pre- 
vious march. 

By order of Major-General Hancock: 

W. G. MITCHELL, 
Aide-de-Camp and Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 

[27.] 

Circular.] Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

June IT, 1863. 
This corps will move promptly at 3 p. m. to-day, the Second Division 
leading. Ambulances will follow brigades, and great care taken in 
admitting only sick men to them. The trains will follow Second Divis- 
ion, and each division will detail a sufdcient guard for its train. The 



Chap.LXUI.] COERESPONDENCE, etc. — UNION. 1061 

route will be through Centerville, Gum Spring, and by the old Carolina 
road to Leesburg. OfiScers leading the column will, whenever practi- 
cable, lead it througli fields, avoiding the dusty roads, and will halt 
sufficiently often to keep it well closed. In this, as in all future 
marches, the corps will, in case of attack, march to the sound of the 
heaviest firing. At all considerable halts the column and trains will 
be massed, if practicable. Officers are charged with the responsibility 
of keeping their commands together, and it is hoped that the emergency 
will interest all in making every possible eiibrt to expedite the column. 
Existing orders as to position of officers during the march will be 
respected. 

By command of Major-General Biruey : 

O. H. HART, 

[27. J Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquaeteks Fifth Aemy Corps, 

Gum Spring, June 18, 1863 — i.30 a. m. 
Major-General Butteefield, 

Chief of Staff: 
Geneeal : I have the honor to report that my headquarters were 
located yesterday p. m. at Gum Spring. General Reynolds is at Guil- 
ford Station ; General Howard at Trappe Rock. Yesterday about 4 
p. m. General Pleasonton had a sharp engagement with the enemy near 
Aldie. He met Pitzhugh Lee with his brigade of cavalry, caused him 
to retire, and took prisoners 9 officers and 66 men. General Pleasonton 
intended to follow after the enemy this morning. The prisoners were 
received here last evening, and are now on their way to the provost- 
marshal-general. Your orders to remain in position here were received 
about 10 o'clock last night. I send two orderlies, one to return imme- 
diately, the other to wait till afternoon. 
By order of Major-General Meade: 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 
Assistant Adjutant- General. 

p. S. — Captain Jay, aide-de-camp, has just this moment returned. 
Your dispatch of 1 a. m. received; copies will be sent in a few minutes 
to Generals Howard and Pleasonton. 

F. T. L. 

127.] 

Headqtjaetees Eleventh Coeps, 

June 18, 1863. 
Major-General Butteefield, 

Chief of Staff: 
Geneeal: I have patrolled to the north, west, and east of this posi- 
tion to-day. In Leesburg Captain Sharra, First Indiana Cavalry, with 
sixteen men came in sight of about twenty rebel cavalry, who instantly 
left toward Harper's Ferry. The patrol down Goose Creek, which has 
inst reported, say that nothing is seen. I expected General Slocum was 
to move to Leesburg today, but there are no signs of him. A party of 
guerrillas or Mosby's cavalry picked up some stragglers between me 
and General Meade this morning. These parties are patrolling about 
us, but without cavalry I cannot prevent or capture them. A single 
squadron would relieve me very much here. The inhabitants say that 



1062 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXItt. 

Harper's Ferry is in the bands of the rebels, but I do not believe it. 
My aide-de-camp, Lieutenant Miller, and au orderly started for your 
headquarters at 2 p. in. yesterday. He has not been heard from since. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

O. O. HOWARD, 
[27.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Orders for March.] June 19, 18C3 — 7 a. ni. 

Major-General Birney: 

General: The major-general commanding directs that you move 
your command to Gum Spring. General Meade has been ordered to 
move to Aldie. You will support General Meade if required and keep 
up communication with him. Tlie country is reported full of guerrillas. 
Your dispatches and couriers should have escorts of ten or twelve men. 
1 am, very respectfully, your most obedient servant, 

O. H. HART, 

[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) "War Dbpt., Adjt. General's Office, 

So. 277. ] Washington, June 23, 1863. 

6. Brig. Gen. Oilman Marston, U. S. Volunteers, will report in per- 
son, without delay, to the War Department for orders. 

» * * » » « » 

By order of the Secretary of War: 

E. D. TOWNSEND, 
[27.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



War Department, 
Washington City, June 23, 1863. 
Major-General Halleck : 

(Care of Major-General Schenck, Baltimore.) 
General Hooker is here. When will you return ? 

EDWIN M. STANTON. 
[27.] 



Baltimore, June 23, 1863. 
Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War : 
I shall leave here at 3 p. m. 

H. W. HALLECK, 
[27.] General-in-Chief. 

Headquarters First Brigade, 

June 24, 1863. 
Captain Ryan, 

Acting Assistant Adjutant- General: 
Captain : I have the honor to state, in reply to your note, that from 
information received from a scout (Davis) there is reason to believe 



CHAP.Lxm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 1063 

that Mosby's gang will rendezvous in the tnountaiDS on our left and 
front to-night. I have, therefore, sent Captain Freedley (but a short 
time since and he is but a short distance on his way) with 100 men to 
endeavor to entrap him. No other orders have been given. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

R. B. AYRES, 
[27. J Brigadier- General, Commanding, 



Orders.] Hbqbs. Tvtelfth Coeps, Army of the Potomac, 

June 25, 1863. 

Thi3 corps will move, via the upper bridge at Edwards Ferry, to- 
morrow morning, crossing the Monocacy at its mouth and proceeding 
up the Potomac toward Trammelstown and Point of Rocks. 

Order of march : First, ambulances of Second Division ; second, am- 
bulances of First Division ; third, baggage of Second Division ; fourth, 
baggage of First Division, at 3 a! m.; fifth. Second Division Infantry; 
sixth, two batteries of artillery; seventh. First Division Infautry; 
eighth, two batteries of artillery, at 4.30 a. m. After crossing the bridge 
at Edwards Ferry the infantry will precede, the ambulances following 
the division to which they belong, and the baggage taking the rear of 
the column. 

Bv command of Major-General Slocum : 

H. C. RODGERS, 

[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



OiRCXTLAR.] Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

Gum Spring, June 26, 1863. 

Corps headquarters and its train will start for Jefferson by direct 
road to-morrow at 6 a. m. General Humphreys will move promptly at 
7 a. m., bivouacking near Jefferson. Brigade artillery will follow at 8 
o'clock. General Ward will move at 9 a. m. for Jefferson, bivouacking 
on the road to Middletown beyond Jefferson. The trains will move 
promptly at 10 a. m., keeping well closed up. The direct road to Jef- 
ferson will be taken and the columns kept well closed. 

By command of Major-General Birney : 

O. H. HART, 

[27.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Hdqrs. Twelfth Corps. Army of the Potomac, 

June 26, 1863—11.30 p. m. 
Brig. Gen. A. S. Williams, 

Commanding Division : 

The major-general commanding directs that you march with your 
column to Knoxville, starting at 5 a. m. to-morrow. The order of march 
will be the same as that of today, General J. W. Geary in advance. 
The supply train will be sent to Middletown. 

Verv respectfully, your obedient servant, 

H. C. RODGERS, 
[27.1 Assistant Adjutant- General, 



1064 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. "W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXni. 

Headquaktbrs Fiest Army Corps, 

June 27, 1863—6.45 a. m. 
Major-GeDeral Howard, 

Commanding Eleventh Corps : 
You will please move a division up into the Boonsborough Gap at 
once. 

WILLIAM KIDDLE, 
[27.] Major and Aidede-Camp. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

June 38, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Httmphreys, 

Commanding Division, Third Corps: 

General: The major-general commanding desires that you report 
here iu person, as he would like to see you for a few moments. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

DANL. BUTTERFIELD, 
Major- General and Chief of Staff. 

[Indoraement in the haDdwriting of General Humphreys.] 

June 28, 1863. 
Butterfield. Passed several hours at General Meade's headquarters 
near Frederick. He invited me to be chief of staff, Army of the Po- 
tomac. Declined or deferred it. 

[27.] 



General Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 



No. 70. ( June 29, 1863. 

The First Corps will march this morning at 4 a. m. in the following 
order: The Second Division, the Third Division, the First Division, by 
Lewistown and Meehanicstown to Emmitsburg, keeping to the left of 
the road from Frederick to Lewistown between J. P. Kramer's and 
where the road branches to Utica and Creagerstown, to enable the 
Eleventh Corps to march parallel to it. Headquarters will bo at Mid- 
dleburg to-night. Strong exertions are required and must be made to 
prevent straggling. The First Division will furnish the guard for the 
train, and the commanding officer of it will report here for orders at 
4 a. m. He will be furnished by the division commander with a copy 
of the orders issued to day from these headquarters in reference to the 
march of the rear guard. Tlie artillery will march iu the rear of the 
leading division, which is the Second, detailing a section of rifled guns 
to report to the commanding officer of the rear guard. 

By command of Major-General Reynolds : 

WILLIAM RIDDLE, 

[27.] Major and Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Orders.] Hdqrs. Twelfth Corps d'Arm^Se, 

Army of the Potomac, 

June 2!), 1863. 
The corps will move to Littlestown to-morrow as follows: First 
Division at 5 a. m. ; two batteries at 5 a. m. ; Second Division at 7 a. m. • 



Chap. LXm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1065 

two batteries at 7 a. m.; the ambulances and baggage as heretofore. 
The command will pass the Third Corps, 

By command of Major-General Slocum : 

H. O. RODGERS, 

[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) War Dept., Adjt. General's Office, 

No. 288. 5 Washington, June 30, 1863. 

12. Brig. Gen. Innis N. Palmer, U. S. Volunteers, will report in per- 
son without delay to Ma.ior-General Couch, commanding Department 
of the Susquehanna, at Harrisburg, Pa., for duty. 

By order of the Secretary of War : 

B. D. TOWNSEND, 

[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General, 



Circular.] Headquarters First Army Corps, 

June 30, 1863. 
The divisions of this corps will move at 8 o'clock this morning on the 
Gettysburg road in the following order : First Division taking the lead, 
then Third Division, then Second Division. The artillery will move in 
rear of all the troops. 
By command of Major-General Revnolds: 

E. 0, BAIRD, 
[27.] Captain and Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Union, June 30, 1863 — 10 a. m. 

General Ayres, 

Commanding Second Division: 

A long march is before us, and every effort must be made to keep the 
command together and well closed up, as the enemy is not far from us. 
Strong exertions must be made to prevent straggling and to make the 
men keep in ranks. Your division will follow the First Division, which 
has gone on this road. 

By order of Major-General Sykes: 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 

[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Left Wing, 

June 30, 1863. 
General BuFORD, 

Commanding Cavalry Division, Gettysburg, Pa.: 
Have you ascertained positively about the infantry force of the 
enemy at Fairfield, whether they have fallen back or are still in the 
position they occupied about P. N. Speilman's farm? .Send me word by 
bearer. 

Yours, &c., 

JOHK F. REYNOLDS, 
[27.] Major-General of Volunteers, Commanding, 



1066 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXHI. 

Special Orders, ) Hdqks. Army op the Potomac, 

No. 178. J July 1, 1863. 

3. Maj. Gen. John Newton, U. S, Volunteers, is assigned to the 
command of the First Army Corps, and will join it at once in the 
vicinity of Gettysburg. 

******* 

By command of Maior-General Meade : 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[27.1 Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Orders.] Headquarters First Army Corps, 

July 1, 1863. 

This command will march at once for Gettysburg in the following 
order, viz: The Third Division will march first; the Artillery Brigade 
second ; the Second Division third ; the First Division fourth. There 
will be an advanced guard of one brigade from the leading division, 
and a battery of artillery, which will march a mile and a half in 
advance of the column. The pickets will be immediately withdrawn. 
The rear guard will be furnished by General Stannard, and will consist 
of two regiments. The command will move at once without further 
orders. 

By command of Major-General Doubleday : 

H. T. LEE, 

[27.] Lieutenant and Aide-de-Camp. 



Headquarters Left Wing, July l, 1863. 
Major-General Sickles: 

When you reach Emmitsburg take position this side of town on the 
high ground commanding the road that leads from Fairfax [Fairfield] 
to Emmitsburg and below and toward the college, along the mountain. 
Howard will be on the road to Gettysburg. You ought to be to the 
left of the Gettysburg road with the most of your corps. 

JOHN F. REYNOLDS, 
[27.] Commanding. 



Headquarters Third Corps, 
Emmitsburg, July 1, 1863 — 3.15 p. m. 

Brigadier-General Humphreys, 

Commanding Second Division: 

General : You will move your command immediately to Gettysburg, 
closing up on General Birney's division, and report to Major General 
Howard, who is engaged with the enemy at that place. Move up with 
the utmost dispatch. Three batteries will [join you]. 

By command of Major-General Sickles: 

O. H. HART, 

[27. J Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Hdqrs. Third Brig., Second Div,, Third Corps, 

July 1, 1863. 
The colonel commanding the Third Brigade takes great pleasure in 
complimenting the officers and men of this command for their gallantry 



Chap. Lxllt.] CORREStONDEKCE, ETC. — tJNiOK. 1067 

displayed in previous eugagemeuts with the enemy. Their names ace 
indelibly written on the tablets of history. The devotion of this brigade 
to the great cause of the Union and their noble deeds on many battle- 
fields is the pride of the States which we represent, and spoken of by 
the whole North with admiration and joy. When again we are brought 
face to face with the enemy, who has invaded our territory, let us meet 
him with the same spirit and determined zeal as heretofore, so that he 
may here receive his just reward. Let us do our part toward crushing 
this terrible rebellion. Commandants of regiments will use every eftbrt 
to encourage their commands, inspire them with the magnitude of the 
issue at stake. 

GEO. C. BURLING, 
Colonel Sixth Neic Jersey Volunteers, Commanding Brigade. 
[27.J 



Headquakteus Eleventh Corps, 

July 1, 1863—10 p. m. 
Major-General Btjtteefield, 

Chief of Staff: 
The loss of my corps is about 3,000 killed, wounded, and missing. In 
the two corps we have lost one piece of artillery. This position is plenty 
good for a general battle unless you fear it being turned at consider- 
able distance from Gettysburg. 
EespectfuUy, 

O. O. HOWARD, 
[27.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Hdqes. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, July 1, 1863, 
Commodore Dornin, 

Commandant Naval Station, Baltimore : 
Commodore: Your communication of yesterday was received. I 
have to thank you for your prompt co-operation in the measures for 
defense here by the disposition you have made of the gun-boats that 
you had available. Please inform me if you should find it necessary on 
any account to change the vessels or their respective stations. I think 
we are getting this city and its approaches so under our guns on water 
and land that rebeldom could be held very uneasy. 
I am, respectfully, your obedient servant, 

EOBT. C. SCHENCK, 
[27.] Major-General, Commanding. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, July 1, 1863. 
Captain Cannon, 

Comdg. Co. Delaware Cav., just in from Conoivingo Bridge, 

at or near Bel Air, or on the tvay here : 

Captain : You will on receipt of this, instead of pursuing your march 
as heretofore ordered by telegraph, march by the best route to Havre 
de Grace on the Philadelphia, Wilmington, and Baltimore Railroad, 
and on your arrival at that point report for duty to Major Hounsfield, 



1068 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. Lxni, 

ot tlie Fifth Delaware Volunteer Infantry, On your way yon will con 
tinue to collect the horses of disloyal citizens as heretofore ordered, 
giving receipts for them with proper description and bringing them in 
to be turned over to the quartermaster's department. In doing this 
yon are to receive none but good horses, fit for cavalry or artillery use, 
and if you should fall in with Captain Means, of Virginia, who with 
Quartermaster Lacey is in Harford County collecting horses, you will 
turn over any that you may then have to Captain Means or Captain 
Lacey, the quartermasters, taking receipts therefor. You will also on 
your way to Havre de (xrace arrest and carry with you all suspicious 
persons or known active or mischievous secessionists or rebel sympa- 
thizers in that part of the country. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

W. H. CHESEBEOUGH, 
[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



War Department, 
Washington City, July JS, 1863. 
S. M. ShoemaiiEr, Esq., 

Baltimore: 
You will please accept the thanks of this Department for your 
prompt and energetic organization of an express to General Meade's 
headquarters. 

EDWIN M. STANTON, 
[27.] Secretary of War, 



Headquarters P'ourth Army Corps, 
Baltimore Store, Va., Juhi 2. 1863 — 7.10 v. m. 
Col. E. M. West, 

Commanding, &c. : 
Colonel: T send forward Colonel Porter, with his brigade and a 
fraction of a battery, to support you. If the enemy attacks in large 
force, tight your way back to this place. Let me know how matters 
stand. 

Yours, 

E. D. KEYES, 
V^'^-] Major-General. 



July 3, 1863—8 a. m. 
General Sedgwick: 

The general directs me to say that, from information received from 
General Warren and General Howard of the movements of the enemy 
it is their intention to make the attempt to pierce our center. He 
desires that, if any portion of your force is available and can be spared 
they be massed in a central position near where they can support 
Howard or be thrown to the right or left, as required. He is under the 
impression that you have three brigades in reserve, and thinks perhaps 
two of them might be disposed as above. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

DANL. BUTTEEPIELD, 

[2^-1 Major-General and Chief of Staff. 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1069 

Headquarters Eleventh Corps, 

July 3, 1863—2.15 p. m. 
Major-General Meade, 

Vommandinff Army of the Potomac: 
The fire has been concentrated upon this point about an hour with no 
great eftect. The batteries on our right do not reach us, and in center 
invariably overslioot us. 
Respectfully, 

O. O. HOWARD, 
[^T-] Major-General, Commanding. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, July 3, 1863. 
J. W. Garrett, Esq., 

President of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad: 
Dear Sir : I received this evening your communication, covering 
report of your master of machinery, announcing the completion of the 
iron-clad cars which you were requested to construct for our better 
defense of your railroad. The promptness with which this call on you 
has been met and complied with is indeed most creditable to your 
company and its employes. When the alterations suggested by 
Lieutenant Meigs, engineer, have been made, I desire to confer with 
you as to the immediate disposition of these ironclads for effective use. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

ROBT. C. SCHENCK, 
[27,] 3Iajor- General, Commanding. 



Hdqrs. Cavalry Bkigadb, French's Corps, 

Army op the Potomac, 
Frederick, Md., July 4, 1863. 
Lieut. W. F. A. Torbert, 

Acting Assistant Adjutant- General, &c.: 
Lieutenant : It affords me great pleasure to report for the informa- 
tion of the major-general commanding that the expedition under Major 
Foley has been entirely successful. The pontoon bridge is effectually 
destroyed. The boats were too damp to burn, and they were destroyed 
by axes. Its destruction occupied two hours and a half. There 
were but a lieutenant and sixteen men of the Twelfth Virginia Cav- 
alry guarding it, and they have been all captured. The major learn- 
ing pf the laying of another bridge immediately at Williamsport, sent 
the prisoners here with a guard of twelve men. They came by way of 
Boousborough without interruption, and proceeded to Williamsport for 
the purpose of destroying the bridge in progress there. They captured 
three wagon loads of ammunition for small-arms, and destroyed it by 
throwing it into the river. The depth of water at the point where the 
bridge was destroyed is ten feet. The prisoners say thiit the pontoon- 
boats destroyed were captured trom General McClellan on the Peninsula. 
I have the honor to be, lieutenant, your obedient servant, 

ANDW, T, McREYNOLDS, 
[27.] Colonel First New York Cavalry., Commanding. 



1070 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXni. 

Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

Battle-field of Gettysburg, July 5, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. S. Williams, 

Assistant Adjutant- General, Army of the Potomac : 
General: I have the honor to s.end herewith a sword and flag cap- 
tured from the enemy. From the best information I can obtain I 
believe the sword to have been taken from the body of the rebel Gen- 
eral Barksdale on the field of battle. The flag was captured by Brig- 
adier-General Kilpatrick iu the fight at Hanover. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GEO. SYKES, 
[27. J Major- General, Commanding. 

Headquarters Twelfth Corps d'Arm:6e, 

Army of the Potomac, 

July 5, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. A. S. Williams, 

Commanding First Division : ' 

You will move your command at once by way of Littlestown to Taney- 
town, encamping at the latter place for the night. The following will 
be the order of march: Second Division Infantry; First Division 
Infantry ; Artillery Brigade ; Second Division ambulances ; First Divis- 
ion ambulances; Second Division baggage trains; First Division bag- 
gage trains. 
By command of Major-General Slocum : 

E. W. GUII^DON, 
[27.] Major and Aide-de-Camp. 

Orders.] Headquarters Twelfth Corps d'Arm:6e, 

Army of the Potomac, 

July 5, 1863. 
The corps will move in the direction of Frederick via Taneytown 
to-morrow morning in the following order: The First Division, with its 
ambulances and two batteries, at 5 o'clock; the Second Division, with 
its ambulances and two batteries, at 6 o'clock. The baggage train will 
follow the column at G o'clock, leaving the road clear for the reserve 
artillery, which will start at 7 o'clock. 
By command of Major-General Slocum : 

H. C. KODGBES, 
[27.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Right Wing, 
Fairfield, Fa., July 6, 1863 — 5.30 p. m. 
Major-General Birney, 

Commanding Third Corps: 
General: You will proceed at 3 o'clock tomorrow morning with 
your command, by Emmitsburg direct road, Mechanicstown, Lewistown, 
Hamburg, to Middletown. Your trains will move with your corps. The 
Sixth Corps moves to-night at dark from this point, via Emmitsburg, &c,, 
to the same place. If this corps should not have passed Emmitsburg 
when the head of your column arrives there, you will halt until it has 
passed and follow in rear. 
By command of Major-General Sedgwick : 

M. T. McMAHOlN, 
[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General and Chief of Staff. 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1071 

OSSEBS.] HeADQUABTEKS TWELFTH COEPS D'AKM^E, 

Army op the Potomac, 
' July 6, 1863. 

The corps will march toward Frederick via Taneytown, starting at 
4 o'clock to-morrow morning, the order of march being the same as 
that published for to-day, except that the whole corps will start at 4 
o'clock and the artillery reserve following at 5. • 
By command of Major-General Slocum : 

H. C. RODGERS, 
[27, J Assistant Adjutant- General, 



Washington, July 7, 1863. 
His Excellency the President of the United "States : 

Mr. President: After having complied with my instructions on 
being relieved of the command of the Army of the Potomac, I came to 
Washington for the purpose of seeking an interview with yourself and 
the Secretary of War. This morning I have been placed in arrest by 
order of the major-general commanding the Army for visiting Wash- 
ington without a pass. It is almost unnecessary for me to add that in 
my previous visits to this city this rule was never enforced in my case. 
Under the usages of service it is not considered proper to call on 
superior officers except with their consent, and I therefore request that 
His Excellency will have me informed whether or not he will grant me 
an audience for half an hour, and if so, appoint the time I can have the 
honor of meeting him. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

JOSEPH HOOKER, 

[27.] Major-Oeneral. 

Mechanicstown, July 7, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Ward, 

Commanding First Division: 
General: Tou will march your command at 5 a. m. to-morrow, 
July 8, toward Lewistown. Your division will take the lead. The 
same batteries of artillery will report to you that were with you to-day. 
The same orders as this morning. 
By command of Major-General Birney : 

O. H. HART, 
[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Right Wing, Sixth Army Corps, 

2iear Emmitsburg, July 7, 1863. 
Major-General Birney, 

Commanding Third Corps : 

General: The Sixth Corps is now here (one mile beyond Emmits- 
burg) and will fall in behind the First Corps which is passing at this 
time. If you arrive at this point before the Sixth Corps is on the road 
you will please halt your command and follow in rear. Please send a 
staff officer to report to-night upon going into camp. 
By command of Major-General Sedgwick: 
^ M. T. McMAHOK, 

« Assistant Adjutant-General and Chief of Staff. 



1072 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXin. 

It is (ieiieral Sedgwick's intention to reach Middletown with the 
First and Si.xth Corps if possible to-night, and he desires that you 
should encamp as near that point as practicable. 

Very respectfully, M. T. McMAHON, 

[27.] Assistant J djutant- General and Chief of Staff. 



' Headquarteks Sixth Army Corps, 

July 7, 1863—6 p. m. 
Major-General Birney, 

Commanding Third Corps : 
General: Since sending the dispatch in relation to the different 
roads for your infantry and trains. General Sedgwick has decided that 
you will not be able to cross the mountain to-night. He desires that 
you go into camp &t any suitable point in the vicinity of Lewistown. 
You will resume your march at an early hour to-morrow to Middletown 
without awaiting further orders on the subject. 
By command of Major-General Sedgwick : 

M. T. McMAHON, 
[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General and Chief of Staff. 



Orders.] Heabquarters Twelfth Corps d'Arm:6e, 

Army of the Potomac, 

July 7, 1863. 
The corps will move at 5 a. m. to-morrow via Frederick and encamp 
near Middletown. The same order of march as of to-day — General 
Williams in advance, &c. 
By command of Major-General Slocum : 

H. C. RODGERS, 
[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) War Dept., Adjt. General's Office, 

No. 302. 5 Washington, July 8, 1863. 

» ♦ * * * * # 

15. Brig. Gen. O. S. Ferry, U. S. Volunteers, is hereby relieved from 
duty in the Department of the South, and will report in person without 
delay to Maj. Gen. D. N. Couch, commanding Department of the Sus- 
quehanna, for duty. 

******* 
By order of the Secretary of War : 

E. D. TOWNSEND, 
[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Cavalry Hdqrs., Department of the Susquehanna, 

July 9, 1863. 
Colonel Wynkoop, 

dommanding Twentieth Pennsylvania Cavalry : 
The major-general commanding expresses his thanks to the ofiQcers 
and men of Captain Singiser's company for their success in the recent 
expedition, resulting in the capture of 50 rebels and 2 commissioned 
officers. 
By command of Major-General Stahel : 

H. BALDWIN, Jr., 
[27.] Major and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



chap.lxm.] correspondence, etc. union. 1073 

Hdqes. First Brig., Third Div., 8th Army Corps, 

Gamp White, W. Va., July 9, 1863. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Comly, 

Commanding Twenty-third Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry: 
Colonel: Be ready to move this ]>. m. at o'clock, with all of your 
command except Company B, This company will, with Lieuteuaut 
Austin's artillery, guard the works on tlie hill. Instruct Captain 
Sperry that he must scout the roads leading east and south from town 
daily, and enforce the strictest discipline. The company of the Second 
Virginia Cavalry, now in Charleston, will be in his command. 
By order of Col. E. B. Hayes : 

M. P. AVEEY, 
[27.1 Captain and Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Circular,] Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

If car Keedysville, July 10, 1863. 
Pursuant to orders from headquarters Army of the Potomac, the 
Third Corps will be massed in the vicinity of Antietam bridge, on 
the Boonsborough and Williamsport turnpike, about the center of the 
line of advance, and held in readiness to move at a short notice. 
By command of Major- General French : 

O. H. HART, 
[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac, 

No. 186. j July 11, 1863. 

1. Brig. Gen. F. B. Spinola, U. S. Volunteers, having reported to the 
commanding general, is assigned to duty temporarily with the Third 
Corps, and will report to Major-General French, commanding same, for 
further instructions. 

By command of Major-General Meade: 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[27.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



General Orders, ) Headquaktebs Third Army Corps, 

No. 17. ) Antietam, July 11, 1863. 

The following officers are announced on the staff of the major-general 
commanding the corps: Capt. W. F. A. Torbert, aide-de-camp and act- 
ing assistant adjutant-general; Maj. S. B. Hayman, commissary of 
musters, subject to approval of Secretary of War; Lieut. William H. 
French, jr., Lieut. H. Y. Eussell, aides-de-camp; Lieut. E. D. Spooner, 
acting aide-de-camp. They will be respected and obeyed accordingly. 

By command of Major-General French : 

O. H. HAET, 

[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General, 



Circular.] Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

Near Antietam Bridge, July 11, 1863. 

Division and brigade commanders will be ready to move at any time 
after 12 m. If there are any supplies up they will be issued immedi- 

fi« R w — VOL LI. PT I 



1074 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXni. 

ately; if not you will issue as soon as tbe train comes up with three 
days' rations to-day. 

By command of Maior-General French : 

O. H. HART, 

[27.1 Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Twelfth Corps d'Arm^e, 

Army of the Potomac, 

July 11, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. A. S. Williams, 

Commanding Division: 
General: The major-general commanding directs that you send one 
brigade of your division to relieve a brigade of cavalry (Colonel Huey) 
on tbe Boonsborough and Williamsport pike, a little in advance of 
Jones' Cross-Roads. The cavalry may be already withdrawn except 
the picket, which is about half a mile in advance of the infantry picket 
on that road. Colonel Curtis (of the First Massachusetts Cavalry) will 
be there to point out the position to be occupied. The infantry is merely 
to hold that position already gained by the cavalry. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servaut, 

H. C. RODGERS, 
[27.] Assistant Adjutant-Oeneral. 



Headquarters Department of Washington, 

Washington, July 11, 1863. 
Maj. Gen. J. Stahel, 

Comdg. Cavalry, Department of the Susquehanna, Harrisburg : 
General: I regret that when you left my command I did not know 
what disposition would be made of the cavalry. I have seen General 
Hooker and many of the officers of his command, and they have expressed 
themselves in the most unqualified praise of the splendid condition of 
your cavalry. They declared it the best they had ever seen. Their 
good condition and efficiency are owing to the able manner in which 
you have commanded them. I can assure you that I parted with you 
and them with many regrets. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. P. HEINTZELMAN, 
[27.] Major- General. 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

No. 187. i July 12, 1863. 

1. The brigade commanded by Brigadier-General Tyndale is assigned 
to the Eleventh Corps, which it will join with as little delay as prac- 
ticable. 

2. The One hundred and twenty-seventh and One hundred and forty- 
third Regiments New York Volunteers, en route to this army, are 
assigned to General Tyudale's brigade and will join the Eleventh Corps. 

3. The brigade under the command of Brigadier-General Briggs is 
assigned to the First Corps, which it will join with as little delay as 
practicable. 

By command of Major-General Meade: 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[27,] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



cbap.lxm.] cobrespondence, etc. — union. 1075 

Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

July 12, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Elliott, 

Commanding Third Division: 
General: The enemy are in force behind Marsh Eun, from Hagers- 
town to Downsville. The Third Corps will mass behind the Second 
and Fifth, facing the Hagerstown pike and 600 yards at least in rear of 
Jones' Cross -JEloads. Withdraw your marked lines and conform to the 
above general instructions. Show General Morris this note should you 
be in his way. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

W. H. FRENCH, 
[27.] Major- General, Commandinjf. 

CiBCULAR.j Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

In the Field, Md., July 12, 1863. 
The major-general commanding the army will attack the enemy this 
morning. The troops will be immediately formed and held well in hand 
ready to move forward at a moment's notice. Let the formation be 
expeditious. 

By command of Major-General French : 

O. H. HAET, 
[27.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 

Headquarters Eleventh Corps, 

July 12, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. S. Williams, 

Assistant Adjutant-General, Army of the Potomac: 
General: I notice that a brigade of new troops has re-enforced the 
First Corps this morning. I think mine now is the only corps that has 
not been strengthened, but however that may be it will increase the effi- 
ciency of this corps more than proportionally to the number of troops 
sent. If I could have only one regiment to a division it would do me 
much good, so that if it is possible for me to be re-enforced I entreat 
this for the benefit of the service. I have one regiment whose time is 
out on the 14th instant. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

O. O. HOWARD, 
[27.] Major-General, Commanding. 

Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac, 

No. 188. i July 13, 1863. 

1. The One hundred and forty-first Regiment New York Volunteers is 
assigned to the Eleventh Corps, which it will join as soon as practicable. 

3. The Fortieth Regiment Massachusetts and the One hundred and 
forty-fourth Regiment New York Volunteers are assigned to the First 
Corps and will join as soon as practicable. 

4. The One hundred and sixty-eighth New York, the One hundred 
and sixty-ninth and One hundred and seventy-second Pennsylvania 
Volunteers, composing a part of the brigade commanded by Brigadier- 
General Tyndale, are assigned to the Eleventh Corps. 



1076 MD., E. K. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXm. 

6. The following assignmeuts of regiments to the different corps are 
made, which they will join with as little delay as practicable: One 
hundred and sixty-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers to the First 
Corps; One hundred and seventy- third Pennsylvania Volunteers to 
the p]leventh Corps; One hundred and seventy-seventh Pennsylvania 
Volunteers to the Twelfth Corps; First Battalion New York Sharp- 
shooters to the First Corps. 

Bv commaad of Major-General Meade : 

^ S. WILLIAMS, 

[27.1 Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Circular.] J^tly 13, 1863—3.15 p. lu. 

Commanders of corps are hereby directed to advance their line of 
pickets till the pickets of the enemy are encountered, and report the 
character of the country in front. 

Bv order of the commanding general: 

A. A. HDMPHKEYS, 

[27.J Major-General and Chief of Staff. 



Headqxtarters Third Army Corps, 

In the Field, Md., July 13, 1863. 
Brigadier-General Elliott, 

Commanding Brigade, Third Division, Third Corps: 
General : I am directed by the major-general commanding to instruct 
you to assume command of the Third Division, Third Corps, composed 
of the independent brigades known as Morris', Elliott's, and Smith's 
brigades. In assuming command of the division you will retain a gen- 
eral supervision over the brigade now commanded by you. 
Very respectfully, your most obedient servant, 

O. H. HAET, 
[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Coleman's Eutavt House, 

Baltimore, July 13, 1863. 
His Excellency Abraham Lincoln, 

President of the United States: 
Dear Sir : I appeal to your known generous nature and high sense of 
justice to pardon me for again intruding upon your notice. I am sure if 
you could see the anguish occasioned me by injustice and forced inac- 
tivity amid the mighty drama that is going on from which I have been 
expelled, you would not repel, but hear me. You stated in your kind 
letter of the 29th ultimo that i)rima facie the fault is upon you (me). 
My ofQcial report, which was approved by General Schenck and for- 
warded by him to General Halleck five days ago, will show conclusively 
that the fault is not upon me; that I acted strictly in conformity to the 
orders of Major-General Schenck, and that I am the victim of a prima 
iacie case that has no existence in fact. I pray you look at my report. 
My destiny is in your hands. I ask nothing but justice. Having been 
denied the privilege of participating in the glorious battle of Gettys- 
burg and that which will complete the destruction of Lee's army, 
3;dequate justice cannot now be done me, but do not continue me in the 



Chap. LXrn.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 1077 

position of a disgraced officer before the country, as unworthy of com- 
mand. If I cannot be restored to my old command, give me some 
other. Even that of a crowd of raw niggers would be preferable to 
this agonizing inactivity, and as a further act of justice I would respect- 
fully ask the privilege of publishing my official report. 

I am, Mr. President, with great respect, your most obedient servant, 

E, H. MILEOY, 

[27.] Major- General. 

Special Orders, ) Hdqbs. Army of the Potomac, 

No. 189. f July 14, 1863. 

1. The One hundred and thirtieth New York Volunteers, Col. Alfred 
Gibbs, is assigned to the Fifth Corps, which it will join with as little 
delay as practicable. 

By command of Major -General Meade : 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[27.] • Aasintant Adjutant- General. 



Circular.] Headquarters Sixth Corps, 

July 14, 1863—4 a. m. 

This corps will be under arms promptly at 7 o'clock this morning, the 
14th instant. At that hour precisely a reconnaissance will be com- 
menced by Brigadier-General Wright in front of the position of the 
corps, to be conducted in conjunction with similar reconnaissances 
ordered to be made by the Fifth, Second, and Twelfth Corps. The 
object of these reconnaissances is to obtain a view of the enemy's 
defensive arrangements, to ascertain the character of the ground, the 
facilities it affords, and the obstacles it opposes to the movement of 
troops and artillery, as well as its advantages for offensive and defensive 
operations. The enemy's pickets, supports, and guards will be driven 
in until this object is accomplished. If practicable, aud should it be 
necessary, the enemy will be made to display his line of battle. The 
reconnoitering force will consist of the First Division and two batteries, 
the artillery to be advanced according to General Wright's discretion. 
General Wright will communicate with the general commanding the 
reconnoitering parties from the Fifth Corps, so as to secure concert of 
action. The strength, position of defensive works and batteries, the 
number and arrangements of troops of the enemy, will be carefully 
noted and a written report made. Colonel Tompkins will direct his 
batteries to report to Brigadier-General Wright before the hour named. 
Cavalry is to co-operate on the flanks. 

By command of Major General Sedgwick: 

M. T. McMAHOK, 

[27.] ^ Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

July 14, 1863. (Received 10.30 a. m.) 
Major-General Sedgwick : 

The major-general commanding directs me to say that it was intended 
that the reconnoitering force should form the advance in pursuit of the 
enemy, to be followed by the corps, and in your case by the Eleventh 



1078 MD., E. N, C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXm. 

and First Corps, with such lines of march in the case of the Eleventh 
Corps as you suggested, if yon deemed it advisable, and that every 
effort should be made to overtake and attack the enemy before he 
crosses. 

A. A. HUMPHREYS, 
[27.] MajorOeneral and Chief of Staff. 



Hdqrs. Middle Department, Eighth Army Corps, 

Baltimore, July 14, 1863. 

Col. Alexander Doull, 

Inspector of Artillery, &c., Baltimore: 
Colonel: Your announcement that the special service as member 
of a court-martial which has detained you iu Baltimore is over, and 
that you are about to return to your duties with the Army of the Poto- 
mac, reminds me so forcibly of the great help you have rendered me in 
a time of emergency that I cannot let you go without thus repeating 
my acknowledgments, A large portion of the new works of defense 
wbicb now cover the approaches to this city will remain to attest your 
energy, your untiring industry, your skill and judgment as an engineer, 
and above all your patriotic devotion to our country's common cause, 
which induced you as a zealous volunteer to add so much effective per- 
formance to what the Government required of you. At a time .when my 
need was pressing, and sufficient engineer officers not at hand to devise 
and carry out fully a plan of protection which I desired for Baltimore, I 
should have fallen far short of tlie accomplishment of that object but for 
your assistance so cheerfully tendered and given. That assistance has 
been invaluable to the public service. For myself and in behalf of the 
Government I thank you for it. And now, in parting from you, colonel, 
after the brief but agreeble intercourse we have had, I can only add 
that I should have nothing but good augury for our country and its 
future interests if they were always sustained by as willing hearts and 
as active heads and hands as yours. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

EOBT. C. SCHENCK, 
[27.] Major-General, Commanding. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac, 

No. 190. I July 15, 1863, 

1. Tlie One hundred and fifty-eighth. One hundred and sixty-eighth, 
and One hundred and seventy-first liegiments of Pennsylvania Vol- 
unteers will proceed to Frederick, Md., and there await further orders. 
These troops on arriving at Frederick will be reported to Col. E. 
Schriver, commanding at that place. 

2. Battery B, First New Jersey Artillery, and Battery E, Rhode 
Island Artillery, will at once march to the vicinity of Harper's Ferry, 
encamping in Pleasant Valley, and there await the arrival of the Third 
Corps, wliich they will join. 

******* 
By command of Major-General Meade: 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Chap. LXin.i CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1079 

CiKCULAB.] Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

Williamsport Turnpike, Md., July 15, 1863 — 3.15 a. m. 
The corps will march in the following order, viz : First Division lead- 
ing, Second Division following, and Third Division bringing up the rear; 
the whole to move at daylight, or as soon thereafter as possible; First 
Division moving off promptly. 
By commaud oUdajor-General French: 

O. H. HART, 
[27.] Assistant Adjutant- Oeneral. 

Circular.] Headquarters First Army Corps, 

July 17, 1863. 

The corps will move to-morrow a. m., the 18th instant, at 4 o'clock, 
cross the Potomac at Berlin, and passing to the left of Lovettsville will 
take the road to Waterford and bivouac in the vicinity of that town. 
The following order of march will be observed: First Division, General 
Cutler; Third Division, General Kenly; Artillery Brigade, Colonel 
Wain Wright; Second Division, General Robinson; ambulance train; 
ammunition train; baggage train. Division commanders will detail 
an effective rear guard and under no circumstances permit any strag- 
gling. Division commanders will send a staff officer to these bead- 
quarters to-night to obtain the correct time. 

By command of Maj. Gen. John Newton: 

WM. RUSSELL, Jr., 

[27.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 

Orders.] Headquarters First Army Corps, 

July 18, 1863. 

The corps will move tomorrow a. m., the 19th instant, at 6 o'clock, 
through Waterford to the vicinity of Hamilton, where it will bivouac 
for the night. The following order of inarch will be observed : Third 
Division, General Kenly; Second Division, General Kobiason; Artil- 
lery Brigade, Colonel Wainwright; First Division, General Cutler; 
ambulance train; ammunition train; baggage train. 

By command of Maj. Gen. John Newton : 

WM. RUSSELL, Jr., 

[27,] Assistant Adjutant- Oeneral. 

Headquarters Eleventh Corps, 

Near Berlin, July 18, 18fi3. 

A. Lincoln, 

President of the United States: 
Sir: Having noticed in the newspapers certain statements bearing 
upon the battle of Gettysburg and subsequent operations which 1 deem 
calculated to convey a wrong impression to your mind, I wish to sub- 
mit a few statements. The successful issue of the battle of Gettysburg 
was due mainly to the energetic operations of our present (;ommanding 
general prior to the engagement and to the manner in which he han- 
dled his troops on the field. The reserves have never before during 
this war been thrown in at just the right moment. In many cases 
when points were just being carried by the enemy a regiment or brigade 
appeared, to stop his progress and hurl him ba(!k. Moreover, I have 
never seen a more hearty co-operation on the part of general officers as 



1080 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. (Chap. Lxm. 

since General Meade took the command. As to not attacking the 
enemy prior to leaving his stronghold beyond the Antietam, it is by no 
means certain that the repulse of Gettysburg might not have been 
turned upon us. At any rate the commanding general was in favor of 
an immediate attack, but with the evident difficulties in our way, the 
uncertainty of a success, and the strong conviction of our best military 
minds against the risk, I must say that I think ^e general acted 
wisely. As to my request to make a reconnaissance on the morning of 
the 14th which the papers state was refused, the facts are that the gen- 
eral had required me to recounoiter the evening before and give my 
opinion as to the practicability of making a lodgment on the enemy's 
left, and his answer to my subsequent request was that the movements 
he had already ordered would subserve the same purpose. We have, 
if I may be allowed to say it, a commanding general in whom all the 
officers with whom I have come in contact express complete confidence. 
I have said this much because of the censure and of tlie misrepreseu^ta- 
tions which have grown out of the escape of Lee's army. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

O. O. HOWAED, 
[27.] Major-General. 



Orders.] Headquarters First Army Corps, 

July 19, 1863. 

The corps will move to-morrow a. m., the 20th instant, at 4 o'clock, in 
the following order: Second "Division, General Eobinson; battalion 
sharpshooters, Captain Arnold; First Division, General Cutler; Artil- 
lery Brigade, Colonel Wainwright; Third Division, General Kenly; 
ambulance train; ammunition train; baggage train. The route of 
march will be indicated in the morning. The regiment from the Second 
Division now on duty with the wagon train will so remain until relieved 
by orders from tliese headquarters. 

By command of Maj. Geu. John Newton: 

WM. EUSSELL, Jr., 

[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Circular.] Headquarters Sixth Army Corps, 

July 22, 1863. 

This corps will move immediately in the direction of Eectortown to 
the crossing of the Aldie and Ashby's Gap pike, and encamp on the 
ground now occupied by the Fifth Corps. Brigadier-General Bartlett 
will take the advance, starting immediately upon receipt of this order. 
Brigadier- General Wright and Brigadier-General Howe and Colonel 
Tompkins will follow in the order named. The infantry will as far as 
practicable march on the side of the road. The wagon trains will 
follow the artillery. 

By command of Major-General Sedgwick : 

M. T. McMAHON, 

[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Circular.] Headquarters First Army Corps, 

July 23, 1863. 
The troops of this command will be in readiness to move as soon as 
the men have had their breakfast. A staff officer will report to thes.e 



CHAP. LXIII.] ' COKKESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1081 

headquarters when the troops are in readiness to move. The order of 
march will be as follows: General Cutler, commanding First Division, 
will proceed to Warrenton with the wagon train, via ifew Baltimore; 
Colonel Wain Wright, chief of artillery, will detail one battery to report 
to General Cutler; the Second and Third Divisions, with two batteries 
in the center of each, will proceed to Warrenton by the direct road. 
Division commanders will at once recall all parties now out of camp. 

By command of Maj. Gen. John Newton : 

EDWAED C. BAIED, 

[27.] Captain and Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Special Orders, ) ' Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac, 

No. 190. \ Warrenton, Va., July 35, 1863. 

1. Pursuant to instructions which have been received from the 
Generaliu-Chief, the Second, Fifth, and Twelfth Regiments of New 
Hampshire Volunteers are placed under the orders of Brig. Gen. G. 
Marston for duty in Saint Mary's District, Md. It is the intention of 
the General-iuChief that these regiments shall return to this army as 
soon as they are filled up with drafted men. 

»**•♦•♦ 

By command of Maior-General Meade : 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[27. J Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Circular.] Headquarters First Army Corps, 

July 25, 1863. 

The troops of this command will be under arms ready to move at 
daylight this morning. The men will be wakened in time to have cof- 
fee before moving. The following will be the order of march : Second 
Division, with one regiment interpolated with every fifty wagons; 
Colonel Wainwright will order one battery to report to General Robin- 
son; General Robinson will throw out an advance guard ahead of the 
column; battalion sharpshooters; Third Division ; four batteries ; First 
Division. The ambulances of each division will accompany their 
divisions. A staff ofBcer will report to these headquarters when the 
troops are in readiness to move. 

Bv command of Maj. Gen. John Newton: 
^ E. C. BAIRD, 

r27.] Captain and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Circular.! Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

^ July 25, 1863. 

The corps will move together at 5 o'clock to-morrow morning : Second 
and Third Divisions on the right and left of the road; First Division 
with two brigades on one side, and one brigade on the other side of the 
road; artillery occupying the road, the leading battery marching in 
line with the heads of the infantry column; ambulances following 
artillery; ammunition train coming next, and the order of march for 
the rest in accordance with circular of July 22, 1863. The artillery, 
ambulances, and trains will not be governed by the movements of the 



1082 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXni. 

infantry columns, but will advance steadily upon the road, making no 
halts other than those which occur from necessity. 

By command of Major-General French : 

W. F. A. TORBERT, 

[27.] Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 



General Ordeus, ) Headquarters First Corps, 

No. 77. ] July 31, 1863. 

The corps will move to-morrow as follows: The Second Division 
punctually at 5 a. m. to Eappahaunock Station ; arrived there, the com- 
manding officer is particularly cautioned not to allow any display which 
would indicate to the enemy the presence of a force in the vicinity. 
The First Division will move at 5 a. m. to Beverly Ford, taking position 
there. The Third Division will move at 6 a. m. to Bealeton, guarding 
the railroad from Rappahannock Station to Warrenton Junction, and 
garrisoning the block-houses aloTig the line, leaving one regiment here 
as guard to the general supply train. The artillery here will march at 
5 a. m., following the First Division. Arrived at Bealeton, the battery 
there will join iu the column. The battery at Rappahauiiock Station 
will remain there. The trains of the corps will be parked at Bealeton, 
with the exception of the ammunition and necessary baggage wagons 
for the different divisions and brigade headquarters, which will follow 
the divisions. The ambulances will accompany each division. 

By command of Major-General Newton: 

G. KINGSBURY, Jr., 

[27.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Second Army Corps, 

July 31, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. Alexander Hays, 

Commanding Third Division: 
General: The general commanding directs that you move your 
division to Elk lluii to-morrow morning at G o'clock. Ou your arrival 
at Elk Run one brigade of your division will proceed to Bristersburg. 
The commandant of the Artillery Brigade has been directed to furnish 
one battery to accompany you. The Eleventh Corps is to occupy 
Greenwich, Bristoe Station, Brentsville, and a point on Cedar Run four 
or five miles from the railroad. Your brigade at Bristersburg will con- 
nect with the detachment at the point on Cedar Run Dy pickets and 
patrols. You will connect by pickets and patrols between Elk Run 
and Bristersburg, and the division remaining here will connect with 
you at Elk Run. Depots are established at Warrenton Junction and 
Bealeton. One division of the First Corps is at Bealeton and on the 
railroad between Warrenton Junction and the river. Herewith is 
inclosed a copy of the special instructions for your guidance. 
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

C. H. MORGAN, 
[27.] Lieutenant-Colonel and Chief of Staff. 



Circular.] Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

Near Warrenton, Va., July 31, 1863. 

The following movements of the corps will take place with as little 
delay as practicable : 

I. The First Division will move to Sulphur Springs and encamp 
between that point and Sandy Ford, picketing the river connecting 



Chap. LXm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1083 



with the Sixth Corps on the right and the Third Division, Third Corps, 
on the left. 

II. The Second Division will march and encamp between Freeman's 
Ford and Beverly Ford, its left near the latter ])lace. It will picket 
the river connecting with the Third Division, Third Corps, on the right 
and the First Corps on the left. 

III. The Third Division will take a position between the First and 
Second Divisions, connecting its pickets with them on the right and left. 
The sites for camps will be taken with a view to a defensive line. The 
positions for the artillery will be assigned by special instructions. 

By command of Major-General French: 

W. F. A. TORBERT, 
[27.] Acting Assistant Adjutant-General, 



Speciai. Orders, ) Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac, 

No. 205. S August 2, 1863. 

5. The One hundred and thirtieth Regiment New York Volunteers, 
Col. A. Gibbs, having been converted by Special Orders, No. 335, of 
the 28th ultimo, from the War Department, into a regiment of cavalry, 
will proceed to Manassas Junction and there form a camp of instruction, 
for the purpose of being reorganized and receiving its horses, arms, and 
equipments. It will be put in a condition for active service in the field 
with the least delay practicable. The regiment is attached to the 
Cavalry Corps, and reports and returns will hereafter be rendered 
accordingly. 

By command of Major-General Meade : 

S. WILLIAMS, 

[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac, 

No. 20G. \ August .?, 1863. 

5. Brig. Gen. H. D. Terry, TJ. S. Volunteers, having reported in com- 
pliance with the instructions of the General-in-Chief, is assigned to the 
command of the Third Division, Sixth Corps, which he will join with 
as little delay as practicable. 

♦ #*»«♦• 

By command of Major-General Meade : 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[27.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Eleventh Corps, 

August 3, 1863. 
Maj. Gen. A. A. Humphreys, 

Chief of Staff: 

General: I have concentrated my corps as ordered; my Third 
Division on south bank of Cedar Run between Weaversville and 
Warrenton Junction; Second Division on Cedar Run near Catlett's 
Station; the First Division between Walnut and Cedar Runs, west 
side of railroad; artillery, between First Division and Cedar Run. 



1084 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. (Chap. LXnt, 

Have left one regiment at Brentsville; one at Bristoe Station; one at 
Cedar Kun Crossing, three or four miles east of railroad, witli orders to 
patrol the rear of the army; also one at Greenwich. I shall have a 
thin picket-line from Auburn Mills, extending on to the rear and ending 
in the vicinity of Bristersburg. I am guarding the railroad from War- 
renton to Manassas Junction. 
Very respectfully, 

O. O. HOWARD, 
Major- General, Commanding. 

P. S. — My headquarters are at Catlett's house, west side of the rail- 
road, about a mile from Catlett's Station. 
ItespectfuUy, 

O. O. HOWARD, 
[27.] Major- General, Commanding. 



Headquaktees Fifth Army Cokps, 

August 5, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. R. B. Atees, 

Commanding Second Division: 

Generax: Incompliance with instructions from headquarters Army 
of the Potomac,* your division will take position to hold Beverly Ford, 
where a regiment of the First Corps is now stationed. This regiment 
will be relieved by your division as soon as it gets in position. 

By command of Brigadier-General Crawford, commanding corps: 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 

[29.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



General Orders, ) Headquaeters First Corps, 

No. 78. ] August 5, 1863. 

Brig. Gen. H. S. Briggs having, in accordance with orders from head- 
quarters Army of the Potomac, reported for duty to these headquarters, 
is assigned to the command of the First Division and will at once assume 
command. 
By command of Major-General Newton: 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 
Lieutenant-Colonel and Assistant Adjutant-General. 
[29.J 



Speciax, Oedees, ) Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac, 

No. 216. J August 12, 1863. 

****** m 

3. Maj. Gen. G. K. Warren having reported for duty to the majjor- 
general commanding is assigned temporarily to the command of the 

Second Army Corps, 

******* 

By command of Major-General Meade : 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[29.] Assistant Adjutant- Genei al. 



* See Vol. XXIX, Part II, p. 6. 



chap.lxm.] correspondence, etc. — union. 1085 

Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

August 17, 1863. 
Major-General Wareen: 

Concentrate tbe Third Division at Elkton and patrol from Elkton to 
Warrenton Junction. 

A. A. HUMPHREYS, 
[!i9.] Major-General and Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

August 20, 1863. 
Major-General Warren: 

Tbe major-general commanding directs that you hold your command 
in readiness to support General Kilpatrick in the event of his requir- 
ing it. 

A. A. HUMPHREYS, 

[29.] Major- General and Chief of Staff. 



Headquabters Second Akmy Corps, 

August 20, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. William Hays, 

Commanding First Division: 
The commanding general directs that your division get under arms 
at once and await further orders. 

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

PEANCIS A. WALKEE, 
[29.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Army of the Potomac, 

No. 225, ] August 21, 1863. 

******* 

4. Brig. Gen. J. C. Eice, U. S. Volunteers, is assigned temporarily 
to duty with the First Corps, and will report accordingly. 

By command of Major-General Meade: 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[29.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Special Orders, ) War Dept., Adjt. General's Office, 

No. SSi. ) Washington, August 27, 1863. 

* ****** 

IG. Maj. Gen. N. J. T. Dana, U. S. Volunteers, is hereby relieved 
from duty in the Department of tbe Susquehanna, and will report in 
l)ersou without delay for duty with corps of Major General Ord, 
Department of the Tennessee, now serving in the Department of the 
(iulf. 

t ****** 

By order of the Secretary of War: 

E. D. TOWKSEND, 

[29.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



1086 MD., K. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., &. W. VA. [Chap. Lxm. 

Haetwood Ghtjrch, August 28, 1863. 
Major-General Wabken: 

The rebel guerrillas are again at work. They killed one orderly 
to-day at 12 m., and captured four others at 1 p. m. Parties are after 
them. They were last seen three miles southwest of Spotted Tavern. 
If the telegraph is in working order please telegraph the above to 
headquarters of Cavalry Corps. 

J. KILPATEICK, 
[29.] Brigadier-General. 



Special Orders, ^ Headquarters of the Army, 

> Adjutant-General's Office, 

No. 393. ) Washington, September 1, 1863. 

4. Brig, Geij. George J. Stannard, TJ. S. Volunteers, will report for 
tem]3orary duty to Brigadier-General Canby, commanding, «&c., New 
York City. 

By command of Major-General Halleck : 

E. D. TOWNSBND, 

[29.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Eleventh Corps, 

September 12, 1863. 
Major-General Humphreys, 

Chief of Staff, Army of the Potomac : 
General : Last night I heard that Gregg's pickets were attached. 
The peculiar manner of the citizens in this quarter, the lurking of 
spies and guerrillas in the neighborhood, and the extreme quiet of the 
enemy have excited my suspicion that a raid or larger movement of 
the enemy is contemplated. I have sent scouting parties through 
Thoroughfare Gap toward Salem, toward Aldie, to Breiitsville, and 
that region. In case of a raid on Manassas Junction, Bristoe, Catlett's, 
or Warrenton Junction, please remember I have a small force and 
much scattered ; in fact, but three brigades and one regiment altogether. 
Have you any specific instructions for me in either case? 

O. O. HOWARD, 
[^9-] Major-General. 



Headquarters Eleventh Corps, 

September 12, 1863 — 6 p. m. 
General A. A. Humphreys, 

Chief of Staff, Army of the Potomac : 
General: Scouts from Bristersburg, Stafford Springs, Turner's 
Store, Howison's Ford, and Breiitsville report no enemy or guerrillas. 
They could only learn of two rebel scouts passing through Stafford 
Springs night before last. Our cavalry left Bristersburg this a. m. 
The scouts from Aldie report that eighteen of Mosby's men returned 
from Centerville through Hopewell Gap last night, having two Union 
prisoners in their charge; also that a squad of six of his men came 
down from Bull Run Mountains this a. m., advancing toward Sudley 
Springs and Centerville. They report no force at Aldie. Lieuteoant 



Chap. LXni.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1087 

Carr, with a patrol of fifteen men of the First Indiana Cavalry, 
encountered a squad of Mosby's men at 9 a. m. at White Plains. He 
gives the number to have been about sixteen men, probably the same 
squad that passed through Hopewell Gap last night. Lieutenant Can- 
had a skirmish with them. One of his meu was wounded, capturing 
one horse and equipments. He could not learn of any force in that 
vicinity. 

O. O. HOWAED, 
[29.] Major-General. 

Washington City, D. C, September 13, 1863. 
President Lincoln: 

Dear Sir : I hope you will pardon this intrusion upon your valuable 
time. I know you would if you could see my motives, there are many 
things I wished to say to you this morning which my want of self- 
esteem and your apparent desire to end the interview prevented. God 
knows that my strongest desire is to assist you to tbe best of my 
ability in your mighty task, the most important that ever devolved 
on man, that of saving and restoring the great model Government of 
earth. I will but briefly allude to a few of the most important points 
which I desired to speak of. You in your exalted station can only be 
informed of army matters through official sources, which through self- 
ishness are often unreliable, and therefore are not made aware of many 
things that need reform. Tlie use of intoxicating liquors as a beverage 
is prohibited to soldiers ; why not also prohibit its use to officers. The 
use of intoxicating liquor in our army is enormous among the officers, 
and drunkenness among them from the generals to second lieutenants 
very common, and a very great evil to the service, and should be reformed. 
I would suggest that a general order be issued prohibiting its use by any 
person in the service of the United States as a beverage under penalty, 
if an officer, of prompt dismissal from service, and get rid of some of 
these "bulls" extra. Another point I wished to mention is the vast 
importance of holding the Shenandoah Valley. Having been campaign- 
ing two years in the vicinity of that valley and west of it, I know it to be 
the Egypt of Virginia, from whence the greater part of the subsistence 
of Lee's army is drawn. It should be seized and held from Martinsburg 
to Staunton, a matter I would be pleased to do if provided with a proper 
command. Again, in your letter to me of June 29, you speak of my 
"chafing against acting the part assigned" me by my superior officers. 
I wish to say on this point that you have been misinformed and don't 
know me. I have believed that the best interests of the country 
required that the rebellion should be speedily crushed and peace re- 
stored, and that this could only be attained by following up our blows 
upon the enemy one after the other with rapidity, never giving them time 
to recover. You are aware that this is Hoosier and Sucker tactics, 
but I have discovered that it is not West Point science. I confess I 
have often expressed and felt great impatience at being restrained from 
striking, and at the slow progress made in the great work of striking 
a blow and waiting six months to study its effect. Another point is, I 
would be greatly pleased to be restored to the command of my old 
division. All its commissioned officers with two or three exceptions 
have petitioned you asking it, as also the Union citizens of the valley. 
If this cannot be granted, I would for many reasons desire a command 
in Texas. I have traveled through and resided there for a time and 
became a naturalized citizen there before the annexation. I would be 
greatly pleased to help avenge the terrible wrongs of Union citizens 



1088 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. (Chap. LXm 

on the monsters there, and desire to be down there when the rebellion 
ends, to be ready to pitch into the French in Mexico. Another point 
is, if you leave my assignment to a command to General Halleck I 
will get none. I pray you order this yourself or direct the Secretary 
of War to do it. I will take any command rather than be idle. 
With great respect, your most obedient servant, 

E. H. MILEOY, 
[29.] Major- General. 

Circular.] Headquarters First Army Corps, 

September J5, 1863. 

Division commanders will withdraw from the south side of the river 
all their troops excepting the pickets. Until further orders the troops 
will be kept in readiness to move at short notice. Trains, haversacks, 
and cartridge-boxes must be immediately inspected ftud the troops 
fully prepared to move. 

By command of Major- General Newton: 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 

[29.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Circular.] Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

September 15, 1863. 

Commandants of divisions will mass their commands near Fox's Ford, 
prepared to cross the river. The Third Division will mass with its right 
at the ford, the First Division with its left at the ford, the Second 
Division on the left of the Third. The order of passage, if required, 
will be: First, Third Division; second, Second Division; third, First 
Division. Trains will take the same order. The artillery will be gov- 
erned by the standing orders for the march. 

By command of Major-General French: 

WILLIAM H. HILL, 

[29, j Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Cedar Mountain Signal Station, 

September IS, 1863 — 2.30 p. m. 
General Meade: 

The enemy have increased their infantry force at Rapidan Station, 
and are making rifle-pits and other preparations to defend the crossing. 
They still continue their liring at Raccoon and Somerville Fords. My 
people are well sheltered and do not reply, except some picket-firing on 
the river. 

[29.] PLEASONTON. 



Castle's Signal Station, 

September 13, 1863 — i p. m. 
General Meade: 

Two deserters of the Forty-seventh Georgia Infantry came in this 
a. m. and report that A. P. Hill's corps are at Orange Court-House and 
Ewell's corps at Spotsylvania Court-House, and that General R. E. Lee 
reviewed Hill's corps on Friday last. The prisoners have been sent to 
General Warren. 

(29.1 A. PLEASONTON. 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. * 1089 

Watery Mountain Signal Station, 

September 15, 1863—7.20 p. m. 
Captain Norton: 

A guerrilla party is lurking just beyond this mountain. They are 
very active in watching our movements about Warrenton. 

TAYLOE. 
[29.] 



Circular.] Headquarters First Army Corps, 

September 16, 1863. 

This corps will move at 5 o'clock this morning in the following order: 
The First Division in front, the artillery next, the Second Division 
next, the Third Division in rear. The pickets will be withdrawn at 3 
a. ni. and join their divisions. The pickets extending to Wheatley's 
Ford on this side of the river will be withdrawn at once. The ambu- 
lances will follow in rear of the Third Division. The ammunition trains 
will follow in rear of the ambulances. The remainder of the trains 
will follow in the order of the divisions. All guards and other detailf 
not already mentioned above will be withdrawn at once. The corps 
will move to a position midway between Stevensburg and Culpeper. , 

By command of Major- General Newton: 

C, KINGSBUEY, Jr., 

[29.] " Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant-General. : 



Pony Mountain Signal Station, 

September 16, 1863—7.30 p. m. 
General Williams, Stevensburg: 

My command is at this place. 

SLOCUM. 

[29.] 



Hdqrs. Twelfth Corps, Army of the Potomac, 

September 16, 1863 — 1 a. m. ' 
Brig. Gen. A. S. WILLIAMS,- 

Commanding Division: 
You will move your division to Stevensburg at 7 o'clock this a. m., 
crossing at Kelly's Ford. Two batteries will accouipany you. 
By command of Major-General Slocum: 

H. O. EODGEES, 
[29.] Assistant Adjutant-General. '- 

Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Army op the Potomac, 

No. 251. ) September 17, 1863. 

9. Brig. Gen. H. L. Bustis, U. S. Volunteers, will report for assign- 
ment to the commanding general of the Sixth Army Corps. 

******* 

By command of Major-General Meade: 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[29.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

69 R R — VOL LI, PT I 



1090 • MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

Headquaetebs Eleventh Corps, 

September 17, 1863. 
Major-General Humphreys, 

Chief of Staff, Army of the Potomac : 
A small sutler's train without guard was attacked by rebel cavalry 
between this and Bristoe, very near the railroad, about noon. They 
succeeded in capturing three teams out of nine. All the wagons were 
recaptured. The guard on the railroad fired on them. The rebels 
carried off eight fine horses. 

O. O. HOWAKD, 
[29.] Major- Oeneral. 

General Orders, ) Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

No. 38. \ Culpeper, Va., September 18, 1863. 

Maj. John M. Norvell, assistant adjutant-general, having been 
assigned to duty at these headquarters, is hereby announced and will 
be obeyed and respected accordingly. 
By command of Major-General French: 

WILLIAM H. HILL, 
[29.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Eleventh Corps, 

September 19, 1863. 
Major-Geueral Humphreys, 

Chief of Staff, Army of the Potomac: 
The Thirty-third New Jersey Regiment has just arrived, having 
marched directly from Centerville to Warrenton and thence here. It 
reports having driven about fifty rebel cavalry out of Warrenton. 
I have located it as desired. I will supply the regiment. I would be 
glad to have it. 

O. O. HOWARD, 
[29.] MajorGeneraL 

Headquarters Eleventh Corps, 

September 19, 1863. 
Commanding Officers, 

Bealeton and RappahannocTc Stations: 

Keep your patrols well out toward Fayetteville and Germantown. 
There is a rumor that considerable of a force of rebel cavalry is at 
Warrenton, 

O. O. HOWARD, 

[29.] Major-General. 



Headquarters Eleventh Corps, 

September 20, 1863—9 p. m. 
Majior-General Humphreys, 

Chief of Staff, Army of the Potomac : 

Scouts from Greenwich, Gainesville, and Auburn report no news. 
The scouts and patrols toward Warrenton and Germantown report a 
party of forty guerrillas at the latter place to day, which has been there 
every day since our forces left. Patrols to Bristersburg report that the 



Chap.LXIIL] COEEESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 1091 

inhabitants saw a camp of twenty -five rebel cavalry at Elk Run last 
night. All quiet in the neighborhood of Brentsville and Howisoa'a 
Ford. 

10 p. m. — A reconnoitering party of the Eighty-second Ohio Volun- 
teers just returned from Warrenton. They did not enter the town, but 
found about seventy or eighty rebel cavalry in possession of the same. 

O. O. HOWARD, 

[29.] Major- General. 



Special Orders, ) Headquarters First Army Corps, 

1^0. 223. I September 21, 1863. 

1. Brig. Gen. L. Cutler, having reported to these headquarters for 
duty, will assume command of the First Division. 

2. Brig, Gen. J. C. Rice, on being relieved by General Cutler, will 
assume command of the Second Brigade, First Division. 

By command of Major-General Newton: 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 
[29.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Eleventh Corps, 

September 21, 1863, 
Commanding Officer, 

Manassas Junction: 
Information has been received from headquarters Army of the 
Potomac that a dispatch has been intercepted from the rebels which 
stated that Fitz. Lee's cavalry brigade is about to make a raid around 
the left of the army. Be on your guard. Strengthen your pickets and 
keep your patrols well out. Acknowledge dispatch. 

O. O. HOWARD, 

Major- General. 

(Same to commanding officer Fourteenth U. S. Regulars.) 

[29.] 

Headquahtees Eleventh Corps, 

September 22, 1863. 
Major-General Humphreys, 

Chief of Staff, Army of the Potomac: 
The scouts from Morrisville Post-Office and Stafford Springs report 
no enemy, except a small squad of about seventy or eighty men going 
to Dumfries day before yesterday. The patrols to Greenwich and 
Buckland Mills met no rebels. The patrols to Warrenton, however, 
met a squad of twenty-five guerrillas near Auburn Mills. Watching 
them closely they saw them unite with another squad of about thirty 
rebels about three miles this side of Warrenton and followed them up 
to that place. TUey learned that Mosby is well again and in command 
of these guerrillas. There is a rebel signal station opened on Watery 
Mountain, but I have no officer who understands the code of the enemy. 

O. O. HOWARD, 
[29.] Major- Genefal. 



1092 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIH. 

Headquaktebs Army of the Potomac, 

September 22, 1863. 
Major-General Howard, 

Commanding Eleventh Corps: 
Nothing more lias been heard from Fitz. Lee's cavalry. Two regl- 
meuts of our cavalry are at Hartwood. 

A. A. HUMPHREYS, 
[2<).] Major- General and Chief of Staff, Army of the roiomac. 



Headquarters Ei^eventh Corps, 

September 22, 1863. 
Col. J. Wood, 

Commanding, Manasxaa Jtmction: 

Hold out against any ordinary force. If overpowered withdraw to 
Bristoe. 

O. O. HOWARD, 
[29.] Major-General. 

Headquarters Eleventh Corps, 

September 23, 1863. 
Major-General Humphreys, Chief of Staff: 

1 have three brigades and one regiment disposed as follows: A bri- 
gade and battery at Bristoe, a brigade and battery at Rappahannock 
Station, and the balance with batteries here. I am constructing defen- 
sive works hero and at the Rappahannock and will do so at Bristoe. I 
have two regiments at Manassas as desired ; besides this 1 have located 
posts at one-fourth of a mile along the railroad, placing reserves so as 
to relieve. It will not do to abandon these small posts on account of 
the guerrillas. 1 don't see how I can change my dispositions except to 
draw in from Manassas. Surely I must guard Kettle Run bridge. 

O. O. HOWARD, 
[29.] Major-General. 

Headquarters Twelfth Corps d'ArmiSe, 

Army of the Potomac, 

September 24, 1863. 
Brig. Cen. A. S. Williams, 

Commanding First Division: 

General: You will please hold your command in readiness to move, 
on being relieved by First Corps. 
By command of Major-General Slocum: 

WM. W. MOSELEY, 
[29.] Captain and Aidede-Camp. 

Chief Qttarteumaster's Office, 

Depot of Washington, 
Cor. of 18th and G Streets, Washington, I). C, September 29, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. M. C. Meigs, 

Quartermaster-General U. S. Army: 
Sir : In compliance with General Orders, No. 13, Quartermaster-Gen- 
eral's. Office, dated July 22, 1863, 1 have the honor to submit the follow- 
ing report of the operations of this depot for the fiscal year ending 



CHAP.LXin.i CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 1093 



June 30, 1863 : As an introduction to this report it may not be improper 
to revert to the last week of April, 1861, and briefly to allude to the 
events which have since transpired in connection with the history o^f , 
this depot. Upon arriving in Washington I found the city garrisoned 
by a few detachments of the Regular Army hastily summoned for its 
defense, provided with none of the appliances necessary for their com- 
fort or subsistence except those which every soldier in the field is fur- 
nished. No organization of a depot of supplies had been instituted, 
and not a wagon, an animal, or an article of camp or garrison equipage 
was on hand for use or issue. The three-months' volunteers called from 
the daily avocations of civil life, totally ignorant of the detail of mili- 
tary affairs, were arriving in large numbers, and to the duty of provid- 
ing for them was superadded that of general instructor upon almost 
every conceivable subject connected with their new position. Many, 
and indeed most of them, expected to be provided with all the comfort 
to which they had been accustomed, and a refusal to comply with their 
often unreasonable requests involved long explanations of law and 
regulations, which were rarely satisfactory to the disappointed applicant. 
Having the assistance of but two commissioned officers— Capts. (then 
lieutenants) E. E. Camp and A. W. Putnam — from the want of material 
with which to work and from the impossibility of procuring competent 
clerical force, the labor of the first two months I was stationed here far 
exceeded that of any subsequent period of equal duration, although 
the actual results were comparatively small. 

On the 6th of July, 1861, Capt. Edward L. Hartz, assistant quarter- 
master, U. S. Army, reported for duty under my direction, and about the 
same time Lieut. Edward Ross, Seventh U. S. Infantry, was assigned to 
this post as an acting assistant quartermaster and Capt. George Gibson, 
jr., as military store-keeper. With these four gentlemen as my assistants 
I commenced the organization of this depot upon as large a scale as the 
exigencies of the service then seemed to require, and succeeded in fitting 
out the army which, under command of General McDowell, fought the 
first battle of Bull Run. The disastrous result of this battle and the con- 
sequent necessity of refitting that army, as well as supplying the addi- 
tional forces which were assembling at this point, again tasked to their 
utmost the energy, zeal, and capacity of every ofBcer here and involved 
a large increase of the clerical and other force. Up to the 21st of July, 
1861, no thought had been entertained of establishing the main depot 
of the army at Washington. Looking upon the capture of Richmond 
as a consequence of the advance of our army, and anticipating the 
placing of the depot of supplies at that point to sustain it in its oper- 
ations farther south, no effort was made, with a view to a permanent 
establishment, to systematize our operations here. All the store-houses, 
stables, and other buildings which had been erected were of the cheap- 
est and most temporary character, suited only for a short summer cam- 
paign, but it having become evident that the war was to be of a longer 
duration than had been anticipated arrangements were made for the 
permanent accommodation and protection of the public animals and 
stores. The building known as the "Corcoran Art Building" was taken 
for the use of the clothing department, large store-houses were erected, 
commodious stores built, and the organization of the depot perfected, 
although even at this time had it been supposed that it would have 
attained its present magnitude, or that the necessity for it would have 
so long existed, the buildings erected would have been of a more sub- 
stantial character and more appropriate sites would have been selected. 
In fact, I am now of the opinion that it would have been better origi- 
nally to have selected without the limits of the city some locality easily 



1094 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA.., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

accessible by river and rail, and there to have constructed wharves and 
baildings of a permanent character. By this means everything could 
have been arranged upon a far better and more convenient system. 
The uncertainty of continuing the depot at this point has also exercised 
a controlling influence upon the manner in which supplies to meet the 
wants of the army have been procured. It not being deemed advisable 
to accunmlate for a long period at one locality the vast quantity of 
stores necessary to the supply ofsuch an army as that of the Potomac, 
only such quantities are purchased from time to time as are necessary 
to till the orders which the current wants or exigencies of the service 
demand. 

To (Japt. E. L. Hartz was assigned the duty of receiving and issuing 
forage, fuel, stationery, and miscellaneous quartermaster's stores. 
Capt. A. W. Putnam took charge of the public animals, wagons, and 
other means of transportation, together with the class of stores apper- 
taining thereto. To Capt. E. E. Camp was committed the task of 
receiving and providing with quarters all officers and troops, while 
Lieut. Edward Koss was retained as an offlce assistant. On the 15th 
of August Capt. George Gibson, jr., having received an appointment in 
the Eleventh Eegiment U. S. Infantry, was relieved by Capt. D. G. 
Thomas, military store-keeper. On the 20th of August, 1861, Capt. E. S. 
Allen, First Eegiment District of Columbia Volunteers, was detailed 
for duty at this post as an acting assistant quartermaster, and stationed 
at the railroad depot to assist Captain Camp in the reception and care 
of troops. In addition to my duties as chief of the depot, I made all 
contracts and disbursements, except the payment of employes, and 
retained personal control of railroad and water transportation. Sep- 
tember 7, 1861, Capt. J. J. Dana, assistant quartermaster, U. S. Army, 
was ordered to report to me, and was at once placed in charge of the 
transportation department, vice Putnam, relieved. Having at the very 
outset perceived the necessity of there being, under the exclusive 
charge of this department, sufficient wharf room to receive such stores 
as might be sent to this point by water, one of my first official acts was 
to rent the wharves at the foot of G .street, then occupied by the New 
York and Virginia Steamship Company, that being by far the most 
desirable point in the city, combining at once large frontage, good 
depth of water, and convenience of access. The occupation of these 
wharves has continued up to this date, and the principal store-houses 
for commissary stores are now located at that point. 

In the autumn of 1861 it was found necessary to establish some point 
below the Long Bridge for the shipment of supplies to Alexandria, and 
in November the property at the foot of Sixth street was rented, the 
wharves repaired, store-houses erected, and a connection made with the 
track of the Baltimore and Ohio Eailroad, by which loaded cars could 
be brought to the water's edge, and their contents transferred either to 
vessels or the store houses Avithout the necessity of wagon transporta- 
tion. The blockade of the river by the rebel batteries established on 
the Potomac at this time, and consequent interruption of water com- 
nmnicatiou with the North, necessitated the transportation by railroad 
of all the supplies for the large army which had then been collected in 
the vicinity of Washington, and taxed to its utmost the capacity of the 
Baltimore an<l Ohio Eailroad. Sixth Street Wharf was made the prin- 
cipal depot for the receipt of commissary stores, while the quarter- 
master's stores were unloaded at the Government warehouse near the 
Capitol. This arrangement was found fully to meet the exigencies of 
the case, and by means of the enlarged facilities thus secured sufficient 



CHAP.Lxni.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 1095 

diRpatch was attaiued in unloading the cars to enable the railroad com- 
pany to accomplish the extraordinary and entirely unforeseen amount 
of business thus suddenly forced upon it. To facilitate the prompt 
loading and unloading of cars, and to prevent conflict between the 
agents of the railroad and the various civil employes of this depart- 
ment, I relieved Captain Allen from duty with Captain Camp and 
placed him in charge of all the details connected with that branch of 
the depot, with full authority to give such orders as in his judgment 
would best insure the attainment of the object in view. When General 
McClellan advanced to Manassas with his army the movement was so 
suddenly made as to involve the necessity of the abandonment of 
almost all the stores which had accumulated in the camps during the 
previous winter, as well as the tents of the whole command, in some 
instances whole regiments leaving without even the ofiicers taking any 
steps for the preservation of their personal effects. To collect and pre- 
serve this property was a task of the greatest magnitude, and for over 
a month several hundred wagons were constantly employed in hauling 
it to the city, independently of those working at Alexandria under 
the direction of Captain Ferguson. Capt. W. A. Hawley, assistant 
quartermaster, U, S. Volunteers, having reported to me for duty, I on 
the 14th of March, 1862, placed him in charge of the abandoned camps 
of Smith's division. Lieutenant Eoss was placed in charge of the 
camps of the Pennsylvania Eeserve Division, and to Captain Allen 
was intrusted the duty of collecting the abandoned property from the 
camps north of the Potomac. The property thus collected was turned 
over to Captain Hartz, under whose supervision it was assorted and 
disposed of, either by transfer to its appropriate department or by 
storage in the warehouses under his control. Having collected and 
turned in the property of the Pennsylvania Eeserve Division, Lieu- 
tenant Eoss was sent to Mattawoman Creek with several barges and 
a suflicient force to gather and transport to this city the abandoned 
property of Hooker's division. 

The transfer of the Army of the Potomac to the Peninsula again 
changed the nature of operations at this point. The blockade having 
been raised, railroad transportation became a matter of secondary con- 
sideration, and the river was tilled with every variety of transport, from 
the ocean steamer Constitution, with a carrying capacityfor 5,000 men, 
to the smallest tide-water barge. The great body of the troops were 
embarked at Alexandria, while the supplies were principally drawn 
from this point. Prom Sixth Street Wharf alone were sent 1,000 army 
wagons, with drivers and teams complete, while every available point 
in the city was taken to facilitate the loading of stores. I had relieved 
Captain Allen from his duties in connection with the railroad, and 
given him the general charge of the shipments from this city, and under 
his immediate supervision everything was condvicted with the greatest 
possible dispatch, and fortunately without a single accident. On the 
31 st day of March a branch of the depot of army clothing and equipage 
was established at Alexandria, and Captain Hawley placed in charge. 
General McDowell having occupied Fredericksburg, on the 20th day of 
April I directed Lieutenant Eoss to proceed to Aquia Creek, Va., for 
the jmrpose of establishing and superintending a depot of supplies at 
that point. Under his supervision warehouses were erected and ar- 
rangements commenced for the receipt, handling, and protection of 
stores; and the U. S. Military Railroad Department having constructed 
wharves, relaid the track, and rebuilt the bridges on the road from 
A'quia Creek to Fredericksburg, no difficulty was experienced in 



1096 MD., E, N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chat. LXTIT. 

promptly answering all the demands of the army stations in that vicin- 
ity. Lieutenant Ross remained in charge of the Aquia Creek depot 
until about the 7th of July, 1862, when, having contracted a fever, he 
was removed to this city, where he died ou the 23d of the same month. 
July 14, 1862, Capt. George Ely, assistant quartermaster, U. S. Volun- 
teers, was assigned to duty at the Washington Arsenal, in charge of 
the transportation of ordnance stores. During the month of July the 
Army of Virginia, under the command of General Pope, was fitted out 
from this depot, and in the latter part of the month advanced on the 
line of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, drawing its supplies from 
this point. To insure promptness in forwarding stores, a warehouse 
was erected in Maryland avenue, contiguous to the track of the mili- 
tary railroad to Alexandria, and was supplied with the necessary plat- 
forms and other appurtenances. It has answered the purpose for which 
it was constructed, and by means of the facilities thus afforded, 1 then 
was and have since been enabled, in every instance, without the least 
delay, to fill all requisitions for stores to be delivered on that line of 
road. The retreat of General Pope and the disastrous battles of the 
28th, 29th, and 30th of August, throwing back upon this city the com- 
bined armies of Virginia and of -the Potomac, destitute of clothing and 
equipage, with broken-down transportation and disabled horses, again 
involved an immense and unforeseen amount of labor. The trooijs, 
reorganized, and under the command of General McGlellan, were rap- 
idly pushing through in their pursuit of the invading rebel army, with- 
out waiting for the supplies so urgently required, merely stopping while 
in transitu to draw such articles as were absolutely indispensable, and 
to turn in the almost worthless material with Avhich they were encum- 
bered. All were in haste, and for a few days the offices of the depot 
were thronged with division, brigade, and regimental quartermasters, 
each anxious that his particular wants should be first supplied, and 
insisting upon the extreme urgency of the necessities of that portion 
of the army for which he was to provide, apparently forgetting that all 
had shared the same ill-fortune. The worry, perplexity, and consequent 
impediments to the transaction of business occasioned by this confusion 
were soon obviated. Operating at a distance from this depot, the sup- 
plies were, on the requisitions of General Ingalls, or upon those of other 
officers bearing his approval, forwarded in bulk to the depots which he 
established at Frederick, Harper's Ferry, and other points, every requi- 
sition being promptly filled ; to accomphsh which the whole force of 
the depot worked late into the night and without regard to any days of 
rest. 

To the extraordinary energy, zeal, and efficiency of the managers 
and agents of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad — shown not only upon 
this occasion but also during the blockade of the Potomac, and more 

recently during the late campaign of General Meade in Pennsylvania 

is due much of the success which has attended the efforts of the ofiQ- 
cers of this department to supply the diiferent armies operating in 
Northern and Eastern Virginia. Without the hearty and earnest 
co-operation which these gentlemen have evinced upon every emer- 
gency many important operations would have been seriously imperiled 
if not actually frustrated. On the 4th of September, 1862, Capt. James 
M. Robinson, assistant quartermaster, TJ. S. Volunteers, was ordered 
to report to me for duty, and was at once placed in charge of receiving 
and issuing forage, relieving Captain Dana, who remained in charge of 
the transportation department, which had by that date attained such a 
magnitude as to require the exclusive attention of the officer in charge. 



CHAP.LXm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1097 

About the middle of September tbe work of unloading the vessels in 
which the supplies for the Army of the Potomac had been stored dur- 
ing the Peninsular campaign was commenced. This was a long and 
laborious undertaking, as many of them contained assorted cargoes, 
articles of all kinds being mingled in the utmost confusion. The dif- 
ferent classes of stores were carefully separated and turned over to 
their appropriate departments, additional buildings were erected for 
the protection and preservation of regimental and private property, 
and in a comparatively short time the fleet, which at one time was so 
large as almost to interdict the safe navigation of the river, entirely 
disappeared. About September 10, Capt. A. E. Eddy, assistant quar- 
termaster, U. S. Army, was ordered to report to me, and, upon his 
doing so, I placed him in my office to assist me in the examination and 
approval of requisitions. On the 11th of October he was relieved 
and ordered to Memphis, Tenn. During the months of September 
and October the railroad track was extended from Sixth Street Wharf 
to the Arsenal. October 11, Capt. Charles H. Tompkins, assistant 
quartermaster, U. S. Army, reported to me for duty and was directed 
to relieve Captain Camp of the duty of providing transportation for 
troops,^in addition to which I transferred to him the entire department 
of railroad transportation and the payment of all chartered or hired 
vessels, barges, &c. On the 14th of October [ November] the Army of the 
Potomac, then under the command of General Burnside, being about to 
occupy Falmouth and vicinity, arrangements were made to rebuild the 
wharves and store-houses at Aquia Creek, which had been destroyed by 
fire on the occasion of its abandonment in September. Barges were sent 
to serve as temporary landings, material was furnished with which to 
construct the necessary buildings, and the subject of water transpor- 
tation again became one of the greatest importance, it being necessary 
to transport all the supplies for the army in barges, canal-boats, and 
vessels of the lightest draft. November 18, Capt. J. J. Dana, by 
my order, resumed control of the forage department, relieving Captain 
Robinson. December 8, Capt. S. L, Brown, assistant quartermaster, 
U, S. Volunteers, having reported to me for duty, was placed in charge 
of the forage department, relieving Captain Dana. The same day I 
relieved Captain Allen of the charge of so much of the water trans- 
portation as centered at Sixth Street Wharf, stationing him at G street 
and Captain Kobinson at Sixth Street Wharf. 

January 12, 1863, Lieut. James M. Moore, Nineteenth Pennsylvania 
Volunteers (now captain and assistant quartermaster, U. S. Volunteers), 
was assigned to duty as assistant to Captain Hartz. February 1 Cap 
tain Dana, having been appointed lieutenant-colonel and chief quarter- 
master, First Army Corps, was relieved by Captain Tompkins, who in 
turn was relieved of the charge of railroad transportation and the pay- 
mentof charters, &c., by (^apt. W^alter Curtis, assistant quartermaster, 
U. S. Volunteers. On the 5th of March, 1863, Capt. H. B. Lacey, assistant 
quartermaster, U. S. Volunteers, reported to me for duty, and was at 
once ordered to report to Capt. C. H. Tompkins as inspecting officer of 
the transportation department. From the date of the occupation of 
Aquia Creek in October [November], 1862, to the 15th of June, 1863, the 
operations of this depot were but little affected by the movement of the 
army. The successive engagements on the line of the Rappahannock 
were sufficiently remote from the city to obviate the possibility of the 
junior officers of the army presenting their requisitions in person, and 
the large estimates of the officers in charge of the depots at Aquia Creek 



1098 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXHL 

and Falmouth were easily aud promptly filled without hurry or con- 
fusion. From the 15tli to the 26th of June the supplies for the army 
then marching to the north through Virginia were forwarded by the 
Orange and Alexandria Kailroad. From the 26th to the 30tli they 
were sent by the Baltimore and Ohio Eailroad. June 22, 1863, Capt. 
E. M. Camp, assistant quartermaster, U, S. Volunteers, reported to me 
for duty. He had for some time previously, while a captain in the 
Thirty-fifth Eegimeut New York Volunteers, been in charge of what is 
known as the Soldiers' Eest, near the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 
depot, and his services being particularly valuable at that point, I 
made no change in his position. Under the second section of the order 
calling for this report, I have the honor to present two tabular state- 
ments,* the first showing my individual property accountability for 
the fiscal year; the second being a consolidated statement of the lead- 
ing articles of expenditure aud issue in the whole depot during the same 
period. 

• #••»** 

D. H. RUCKER, 

Brigadier- General and Quartermaster, U. S. Army. 
[2, 5, 11, 12, 19, 21, 25, 27.] 



Special Orders, ) Hdqes. Army of the Potomac, 

No. 266. i October 3, 1863. 

******* 

4. Pursuant to instructions from the General-in-Chief, Brig. Gen. 
Washington L. Elliott is relieved from duty with this army, and will 
immediately proceed to report to Major-Geuei al Eosecraus, commanding 
the Department of the Cumberland. 

**♦#**# 

By command of Major-General Meade : 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[29.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



General Orders, ) Headquarters Third Army Cofips, 

No. 43. i October 3, 1863. 

Upon the call of General Eosecrans for the services of Brigadier- 
General Elliott, commanding the Third Division of this corps, which 
takes him from the Army of the Potomac and from the division which 
he has so ably commanded, the general commanding the corps deems 
it a duty to state his regret at losing so valuable an ofticer. General 
Elliott was with General Lyon at the battle of Springfield; he com- 
manded a cavalry brigade of Iowa and Michigan troops on the first 
and successi'ul raid of this war upon the Ohio and Mobile Railroad at 
Boonville, Miss., and was engaged and wounded at the second battle of 
Bull Eun, 1862, at the head of his command. lu connection with the 
services of this gallant ofiicer, the occasion presents itself to mention 
other officers of the Third Division of this corps. Colonel Keifer, com- 
manding Second Brigade, served under Eosecrans aud Buell in Ken- 
tucky, Tennessee, and at Corinth. In command of the One hundred 
and tenth Ohio, with other troops, at Winchester he gallantly resisted 
attack, and on the retreat this regiment, now in this corps, assaulted 

* Omitted. 



CHAP. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC — UNION. 1099 



the pursuing enemy with the bayonet, crossing two walls on either side 
of Martinsburg pike, reserving its lire until the regiment had crossed 
both walls, when the enemy were driven from their batteries. Colonel 
Smith, commanding the Third Brigade, Third Division of this Third 
Corps, commanded the First Ohio at the battle of Shiloh, and was ten- 
dered by the Governor of Ohio his regiment — the One hundred and 
twenty-sixth Ohio. The general now commanding the corps of Hooker, 
Sickles, Berry, and, as his near friend, dares to raise the shroud of tlie 
chivalric Kearny, needs nothing further to convince the biave and 
intelligent soldiers of this corps that the efforts for preference are 
unjust over the reputation of brother soldiers, no matter what State 
or what army may claim them; when they liave proved themselves 
true and faithful to our Union, to our glorious flag (these troops), ought 
and must be admitted to the position to Avhich by their gallantry they 
are entitled. 

By command of MajorGeneral French: 

JNO. M. NORVELL, 

[29.] Ansistant Adjutant- General, 



Circular.] Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

Octoher C, 13G3. 

It has just been signaled that Stuart's entire cavalry force is on the 
other side of the Hazel River, and that he has established pickets 
opposite to our own. Division commanders will make such a disposi- 
tion as will prevent a surprise in that quarter. The regiment at the 
chnrch (Third Division) should place itself in position and be on the 
alert. 

WM. n. FRENCH, 

[29.] MajorGeneral of Volunteers. 



Circular.] Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

Octoher 7, 1863. 
The general commanding directs that you hold your division ready 
to march at a moment's notice at any hour to-morrow. Should heavy 
firing be heard, the troops will be formed and await orders. Three 
days' rations in haversacks and sixty rounds of ammunition. 
By command of Major-General French : 

JNO. M. NORVELL, 
[29.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Thoroughfare Mottntain Signal Station, 

Octoher 6', 1863—9.30 a. m. 
General Kilpatrick: 

Indications this a. m. that the enemy withdrew last night portion of 
troops from the line of the Rapidan. Camps have disappeared from 
differentpoints between Rapidan Station and Barnett's Ford. Railroad 
trains were very busy during the night. A large wagon train has just 
moved into Orange Court House from direction of Barnett's Ford. See 
no force of cavalry near Robertson's River. Madison Court-House and 
vicinity appears perfectly clear of any force of enemy. Saw smoke this 
a. m. rising from woods southwest from this mountain, a mile or two 



1100 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIIl. 

beyond the Madison Court-House and Gordonsville pike. Have seen 
no smoke in that locality before. See nothing of a threatening nature. 
Will send to your signal oflScer anything I may see or learn of impor- 
tance to you. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

P. A. TAYLOR, 
Captain and Signal Officer. 
(Same to Captain Norton.) 
[29.] 



CmouLAR.] Headquarters First Army Corps, 

October 9, 1863. 

The commanding general directs that you have your command in 
the vicinity of Morton's Ford by daylight to-morrow morning. No 
reveille will be sounded. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

HAKRY C. EGBERT, 
[29.] Lieutenant and Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Thoroughfare Mountain Signal Station, 

October 9, 1863—12 m. 
General Kilpatriok: 

Enemy is moving in force on two roads toward Madison Conrt- 
Honse. Madison and Gordonsville pike is full of wagons. Column 
infantry seen. 

[29.] TAYLOR. 



Thoroughfare Mountain Signal Station, 

October 9, 1863—1.30 p. m. 
Captain Norton: 

Enemy is moving on two roads toward Madison Court-House, About 
one division infantry seen. Trains have halted about five miles from 
Madison Court House, and fires have sprung up in woods along the 
roads. Wagon train now coming through Orange Court-House toward 
the Eapidan. 

[29-] TAYLOR, 

Thoroughfare Mountain Signal Station, 

October 9, 1863—7 p. m. 
Captain Norton: 

The trains reported in motion halted at 1.30 p. m. At dark were 
parked from two to six miles from Madison Court-House, and animals 
grazing in the fields. Extensive and very dense smokes rising from 
woods where columns have halted, extending from vicinity Beautiful 
Run to within about one mile of Madison Court-Honse. At 5 o'clock 
small wagon train and squadron cavalry moved into Orange Court- 
House from direction the Rapidan. 

TAYLOR, 

[29-] Signal Officer. 



CuAP.LXm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1101 

Tony Mountain Signal Station, 

October 9, 1863—10.45 p. m. 
Captain Taylok: 

Was the force you saw a movement of army toward Madison Oourt- 
House 1 Were there infantry, cavalry, and artillery, and how numerous 1 
[29.] ' NORTON. 

Thoeoughfaee Mountain Signal Station, 

October 10, 1863—1 a. m. 
Captain Norton: 

Saw only about one division infantry ; no cavalry or artillery. Eoads 
are lined with timber; more might have passed unobserved. 

129.1 TAYLOE. 



Headquabteus Army of the Potomac, 

October 10, 1863. 

Major-General Newton, Commanding First Corps : 

The major-general commanding has changed the hour for the move- 
ment of your corps. You will hold yourself ready to move to Kelly's 
Ford, but will not move until the Third and Fifth Corps begin to move, 
of which you will be iiiformed from these headquarters. 

A. A. HUMPHREYS, 

[29. j Major-General and Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 10, 1863—10.45 p. m. 
Major-General Newton, Commanding First Corps: 

The major-general commanding directs that as soon as you have 
crossed the river at Kelly's Ford that you mass your corps and hold it 
ready to move, in the event of its services being required, to aid the 
corps covering the withdrawal if they are attacked. You Avill remain 
massed until you learn that the army has crossed the Kappahannock, 

A. A. HUMPHREYS, 
[29.] Major-General and Chief of Staff. 



Thoroughfare Mountain Signal Station, 

October 10, 1863 — 8.45 a. m. 
General Kilpatrick: 

Enemy is moving in force through Madison Court-House toward our 
right. Pickets are engaged on our right. Columns halted yesterday 
are in motion. 

[29.1 TAYLOR. 



Thoroughfare Mountain Signal Station, 

October 10, 1863—9.35 a. m. 
Captain Norton : 

Enemy is moving in force through Madison Court-House toward 
our extreme right. Cavalry is now passing through. The rebel sharp- 
shooters are now advancing to the foot of this mountain. 

TAYLOR, 

ion I f^.nninim 



1102 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIIL 

Pony Mountain Signal Station, 

October 10, 1863—3,30 p. m. 

Captain Norton: 

A train of ten wagons is moviug to our right around Clark's Moun- 
tain. Enemy show no signs of occupying their works between Raccoon 
and Morton's Fords. Too smoky for extensive observations. 

[29.] CLARKE. 



Special Oedees, ) Hdqes. Army op the Potomac, 

No. 273-2/9. ] October 12, 1863. 

Major-General Sedgwick wOl, in addition to his own corps, take com- 
mand of the Fifth Corps and Buford's division of cavalry, and advance 
immediately to Brandy Station and take position on the heights there, 
driving in the enemy and holding the position. He will report his 
progress to the commanding general and also the force, position, and 
movements of the enemy. 

By command of Maior-Geueral Meade : 

S. WILLIAMS, 

[29.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Circular.] Headquarters First Army Corps, 

October 12, 1863. 
This corps will move at once to Warrenton Junction in the following 
order: First Division, Second Division, Third Division. The trains 
will move in advance of the entire column in the order above named. 
The ambulances, with the exception of ten to each division, which will 
follow them, will move in advance. The artillery will move one-half 
between the First and Second Divisions, and one-half between the Sec- 
ond and Third Divisions. This movement is of the utmost importance 
and must be made with the greatest dispatch. 
By command of Major-General Newton : 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 
Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant-Oeneral. 
[29.1 



Hdqrs. First Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, 

October 14, 1863. 
The corps will march at once to Centerville in the following order: 
First, Second Division leading; second, three batteries of artillery; 
third. First Division ; fourth, four batteries; fifth, three brigades of the 
Third Division ; sixth, ambulances ; seventh, ammunition ; eighth, First 
Brigade, Third Division, rear guard. All the pioneers of the corps will 
at once be sent to report to General Robinson at the head of the column. 
Division commanders will throw out flankers and look to them con- 
stantly. The corps as far as Manassas will march on the north side of 
the railroad. 
By command of Major-General Newton: 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 
[29.] Assistant Adjutant-Oeneral, 



CHAP.LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 1103 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
October 14, 1863—1.30 p. m. (Received 2.45 p. in.) 
Major-General Newton, 

Commanding First Corps; 
The major-general commanding directs that you send a division to 
hold Bull Run bridge on the Centerville pike. General Kilpatrick, at 
Buckland Mills, says at 10 a. m. saw the enemy's infantry advancing 
on the Centerville pike from Warrenton. 

A. A. HUMPHREYS, 
[29.] Major-General and Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 
October 14, 1863—2.15 p. m. (Received 3.25 p. m.) 
Major-General Newton, 

Commanding First Corps: 
The major-general commanding directs that the division you send to 
guard Bull Run bridge picket down to meet French's pickets. 

A. A. HUMPHREYS, 
[29.] Major- Oeneral and Chief of Staff. 



Hdqrs. Second Division, First Army Corps, 

October 14, 1863. 
[General Newton:] 

General: The position I am directed to libld is untenable. The 
enemy with one battery planted on the hill opposite would drive us out 
of here in ten minutes. 

Very respectfully, yours, &c., 

JNO. C. ROBINSON, 
Brigadier- General, Commanding Division. 

If you can relieve me to-day I hope you will. 

[29.] R[OBINSON]. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 15, 1863—3.30 p. m. 
Major-General Newton, Commanding : 

The major-general commanding considers that the line of pickets in 
your front should be in advance of Cub Run, unless there is some special 
reason for their being along the run, which is not known to him. 

A. A. HUMPHREYS, 
[29.] Major-General and Chief of Staff. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 15, 1863—6.15 p. m. 
Major-General Newton, 

Commanding First Corps: 

The major-general commanding directs that you send a brigade to 
the Bull Run bridge to support the cavalry now holding it. The 
cavalry will remain there. 

A. A. HUMPHREYS, 

[29.] Major-General and Chief of Staff. 



1104 MD., K N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIU. 

Hdqes. Second Division, First Aemy Ooeps, 

October 15, 1863. 
Lieutenant-Colouel KiNGSBUEY, Jr., 

Assistant Adjutant- General, First Army Corps: 
Colonel: I am directed by General Eobinson to say that the officer 
of the day reports that he can find no picket ou our right or left; that 
we picket to tlie moutli of Cub Run, on the left, and he has been three 
miles up Bull Euu without finding pickets. 
liespectfuUy, your obedient servant, 

S. M. MORGAN, 
[29.] Lieutenant and Acting Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquaeters Aemy of the Potomac, 

Signal Station, October 15, 1863. 
Maior-Cieneral Newton, 

Commanding First Corps: 
Colonel Smith, First Maine Cavalry, reported the enemy's cavalry at 
Manassas, and that their infantry are apparently moving to the Cen- 
terville pike. 

A. A. HUMPHREYS, 
[29.] Major -General and Chief of Staff, 



CiECULAE.) Hbadqtjaetees Thied Aemy Coeps, 

Union Mills, Ya., October 15, 1863. 
First Division will move immediately to Fairfax Station to cover and 
hold that point. It will take its ambulauces and ammunition train 
and three batteries of artillery. The Second and Third Divisions and 
the remainder of the artillery and trains will move to Union Mills. 
By command of Major-General French : 

JNO. M. NORVELL, 
[29.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Oedees, ) Headquaetees op the Army, 

> Adjutant-Geneeax's Office, 

No. 4C5. ) Washington, October 16, 1863. 

4. Brig. Gen. Jacob (}. Lauman, U. S. Volunteers, will proceed with- 
out delay to Philadelphia, Pa., and relieve Brig. Gen. J. P. Hatch, 
U. S. "Volunteers, in command of the depot for drafted men at that 
place. General Hatch, as soon as relieved, will at once report to Major- 
General Stoneman, U. S. Volunteers, chief of cavalry, for duty as per- 
manent commander of the Cavalry Depot at Saint Louis, Mo. 

By command of Major-General Halleck: 

E. D. TOVVNSEND, 

[29.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Chap. LXm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1105 

Special Orders, ) Hdqrs. Army op the Potomac, 

No. 273-7/9. I October 17, 1863. 

* * * * m * * 

2. Brig. Gen. S. Meredith is hereby relieved from duty with the 
Army ot the Potomac and will report for orders to the Adjutant-Gen- 
eral of the Army at Washington. 

By command of Major-Geueral Meade : 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[29.] Asfiistant Adjutant- General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 17, 1863. 
Major-General Newton, Commanding First C^rps: 

General Kilpatrick pickets across from Sudley Springs to the Aldie 
pike. 

A. A, HUMPHREYS, 
[29.] Major-General and Chief of Staff. 



Headqttarters Fifth Army Corps, 

October 17, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. R. B. Ayres, Commanding Second Division : 

General: The major general commanding directs that you move 
your command on toward Centerville at 9.30 a. m. and join the rest of 
the corps. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

FRED. T. LOCKE, 
Assistant Adjutant-General. 

(Same to Colonel McCandless, Third Division, and Captain Martin, 
Artillery Brigade.) 

[29.] 

Castle's Signal Station, 

October 17, 1863 — 5 a. m. 
General Sedgwick : 

What is the infantry about? Sent an aide to you nearly two hours 
since. Your dispatch was received. The general of the Fifth Corps 
at Fairfax Court- House reports that some of the enemy's cavalry was 
seen on tlie Chantilly road between him and you. 

HUMPHREYS, 
[29.] General. 

Sixth Corps Signal Station, 

October 17, 1863—10.30 a. m. 
General Humphreys: 

I sent cavalry beyond Frying Pan. They have returned and report 
that the force which attacked our pickets was 1,000 cavalry and two 
pieces of artillery. After attacking the picket they halted at Gum 
Spriug to-day. No infantry seen. 
^ '' SEDGWICK, 

r29.] General. 

7 A i> -D irr>T tt t>t T 



1106 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXm. 

HEADQUAETEES SiGNAi STATION, 

October 17, 1863—12 m. 
General Sedgwick : 

A brigade of cavalry will be sent in tbe morning to picket the road 
in your front and toward the bridge. 

MEADE, 
[29.] General. 



OlECULAE.] HEADQUAETEES FlEST AEMT COEPS, 

October 18, 1863. 

This corps will move at 6 o'clock to-morrow morning, 19tli instant, to 
Hay Market, in the following order: First, First Division; second. 
Fourth Division; third. Third Division; fourth, t (ree batteries artil- 
lery; fifth, Second Division; the four regiments at Bull Eun falling in 
as the column passes. 

By command of Major-General Newton : 

C. KINGSBURY, Je., 

[29.] Lieutenant-Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



HEADQUAETEES SIGNAL STATION, 

October 18, 1863—2 p. m. 
General Sedgwick: 

The commanding general directs that you order two regiments of cav- 
alry now with you to report to General Gregg at Fairfax Court-House. 

HUMPHEEYS, 
[29.] General. 



Sixth Coeps Signal Station, 

October 18, 1863—2.30 p. m. 
General Humpheeys : 

I have ordered back the two cavalry regiments. They only number 
150 men. 

SEDGWICK, 
[29.] General. 



ClECULAE.] HEADQUAETEES FlEST AEMY CoEPS, 

j^EMY OF THE POTOMAC, 

October 19, 1863. 
To-night no fires will be allowed. The troops must be in line of bat- 
tle, and at least one-third of them constantly awake ready to receive an 
attack. In case of an attack the troops will rise and fire, holdin" the 
ground they have, but not attempt an advance. All artillery and teams 
and ambulances must be hitched up and ready to move. The entire 
command will be under arras at 5 o'clock. No fires will be made before 
daylight. 
By command of Major-General Newton: 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 
Lieutenant-Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General 
[29.] 



CHAP.Lxm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 1107 

Circular.] Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

Union Mills, Va., October 19, 1863. 

The Third Corps will march this morning at 6 o'clock, keeping on 
the south side of the railroad, and take position on Broad Eun near 
Bristoe. The order of march will be in conformity with circular dated 
July 22, 1863, from these headquarters: Second Division leading, then 
Third Division, and the First Division bringing up the rear. 

By command of Major-Geueral French : 

O. H. HAET, 

[29.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

October 19, 1863. 
Brigadier- General Williams, 

Asst. Adjt. Gen., Headquarters Army of the Potomac: 
General: The head of this corps is at Broad Eun, near Bristoe Sta- 
tion. The right is on the railroad, near the left of the Second Corps. 
My pickets in front are across Broad Eun, occupying the high ground 
on the left ; they are pushed out toward Brentsville. I recommend that 
place for cavalry. Several deserters, taken to-day, confirm the accounts 
of yesterday. One of them says that it is hoped the time to relay the 
railroad track will enable the re-enforcements sent to Bragg to finish 
there and return before we can open the road again. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

W. H. FEENCH, 
[21t.] Major- General, Commanding. 

October 19, 1863—12.30 a. m. 
General Humphreys: 

I have sent an aide to say that the enemy have infantry pickets in 
front of my line. 

SEDGWICK, 
[29.] General. 



Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 20, 1863—2 p. m. 
Major-General NEWTON, 

Commanding First Corps: 
The majjor general commanding directs that you move through 
Thoroughfare Gap and halt for the night at Georgetown. Headquar- 
ters will be at Gainesville to-night. 

A. A. HUMPHEBYS, 
[29.] Major-General and Chief of Staff. 



Circular.] Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

Greenwich, October 20, 1863. 
This corps will move toward Buckland Mills (following the Second 
Corps) at 6 o'clock this a. m. The movement will be made in double 
columns of infantry, with artillery between. The First Division will 
move first, followed by the Third, the Second Division bringing up the 
rear. Commanding officers will be particularly careful to keep their 



1108 MD., E. N. C, PA,, VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Ohap. LXIII. 

commands well closed up and in baud for auy emergency that may 
arise. The order of march will be as usual with the above exceptions. 

By command of M ajor Greneral French: 

O. H. HAllT, 

[29.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



CiRCULAB.] Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

Gamp at Greenwich, October 20, 1863. 
This corps will march to-morrow morning to the vicinity of Catlett's. 
The Third Division will march at 6 a. m., Second Division at 7 a. m., 
and the First Division at 8 a. m. Division and other commanders will 
see that supplies required by existing orders are kept up. 
By command of Major-General French: 

O. H. HART, 
[29.J Assistant Adjutant-General, 



Watery Mountain Signal Station, 

October 22, 1863— 5.30 p. m. 
Captain Norton: 

Too smoky to-day to see anything south of the Rappahannock. 
Guerrillas seen on Carter's Mountain. 

[29.] TAYLOR. 



CiRCULAE.] Headquarters First Army Corps, 

October 23, 1863. 
The troops of this corps will move at 7 o'clock to-morrow morning, 
the 24th instant, to Bristoe Station. 
By command of Major-General Newton : 

C. KINGSBURY, Jr., 
[29. J Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant General. 



Headquarters Third army Corps, 

October 24, 1863. 
Brig. Gen. Joseph B. Garr, 

Commanding Third Division: 
GENERAL: The major-general commanding directs that you detail 
one brigade to proceed immediately to Bealeton to support the cavalry 
of Colonel Devin. His headquarters are at Liberty. He reports that 
after driving in the enemy's pickets this morning at the Rappahannock 
Station they advanced a brigade of cavalry and one of infantry toward 
Bealeton. General Biruey will picket the line vacated by Colonel 
Smith's brigade. 
By command of Major-General French : 

O. H. HART, 
[29.] Lieutenant-Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Watery Mountain Signal Station, 

October 24, 1803—5 p. m. 
Captain Norton: 

Enemy's camps reported yesterday p. m. unchanged. Smokes indi- 
cating small camp south- southwest from this mountain near Muddy Run. 

[29.1 TAVLOT? 



Chap. LXIII.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1109 

Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

October 25, 1863. 
Major-General Birnet: 

General: The major-general commanding directs that you change 
the position of your troops in such a manner as to lace a line parallel 
to and nenr the railroad. General Prince will at once remove his 
division to this side of the creek. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

O. H. HART, 
Assistant Adjutant- General. 

(Copies to Brigadier- Generals Prince and Carr.) 

[29.J 



Watery Mountain Signal Station, 

October JS3, 1863. 
Captain Norton: 

No change in enemy's camp. Camp smokes in vicinity of Stevens- 
burg and Brandy Station very heavy, extending nearer to Culpeper 
than heretofore. Dense smoke below Eappahannock Station about 
oitposite Kelly's Ford. The force in immediate vicinity Rappahannock 
Station apparently not as large. 

TAYLOR, 
[29.] Captain. 

Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

October 20, 1863—8.15 d'cloclc. 
Major-General New^ton: 

General headquarters will move to Auburn at 8 a. m. to-morrow. 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[29.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 26, 1863. 
Col. C. KiNasBURY, Jr., 

Assistant Adjutant-General: 
The Fifth Army Corps, excepting one brigade at New Baltimore, is 
now posted at Auburn and in its vicinity. 

S. WILLIAMS, 
[29.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Headquarters Army op the Potomac, 

October 26, 1863—5 p. m. 
Major-General Newton, Commanding : 
Hold yourself in readiness to move up to Catlett's to-night. 

A. A. HUMPHREYS, 
[29.] Major-General and Chief of Staff. 



Circular. 1 Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

Catletfs, October 26, 1863. 

The major-general commanding has received information that a force 
of the enemv are advancing bv way of Bealetou. Division commanders 



1110 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIII. 

will bave their commands on the alert and be ready at a moment's notice 
for any emergency that may arise. Wagon trains will be moved at once 
and parked on the north or west side of the railroad, so that they may 
not interfere with the movement of the First Corps, which will move up 
on the south and east side of the road during the night. 

By command of Major-General French : 

O. H. HART, 

[29.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



CiROULAE.] Headqitarters Third Army Corps, 

Gatletfs, October 26, 1863. 

The troops of this corps will be under arms at daylight to-morrow 
morning and ready to move at a moment's notice. Should an engage- 
ment become imminent, all teams, except ammunition, hospital stores, 
and ambulances, will proceed to Gainesville. 

By command of Major-General French: 

O. H. HART, 

[29.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Watery Mountain, October 26, 1863. 
Captain Norton: 

The force reported moving toward Bealeton Station has all passed. 
About one large regiment of cavalry or mounted infantry passed an 
open space little north of Rappahannock Station. About two regi- 
ments infantry passed fort on south side river, following cavalry, but 
tliink it halted at Rappahannock Station, as they did not pass opening 
north of river. 

TAYLOR. 

[29.] 



Watery Mountain Signal Station, 

October 26, 1863—5.30 p. m. 
Captain Norton: 

Enemy's camps between Brandy Station and Culpeper remain the 
same. Smokes have just sprung up near Little Washington, indicating 
a small force of some kind in that direction. 

TAYLOR, 

[29.] Captain. 



Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

October 27, 1863—2.15 p. m. 
Majer-General Humphreys, 

Chief of Staff, Auburn : 
General : An aide-decamp sent by me to the front has just returned. 
General Buford reports no enemy in front. He is at Bealeton. He 
has sent out a reconnoitering party which has not yet returned. The 
infantry force in front yesterday was two brigades of Johnson's division • 
it has fallen back to Rappahannock Station. 

W. H. FRENCH, 
[29.] Major-General of Volmiteers. 



CHAP.Lxm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 1111 

OCTOBEK 27, 1863—5 p. m. 
Captain Norton: 

Enemy's camps on line railroad in direction Stevensburg still the 
same. Battalion drills this p. m. near Brandy Station. Appearance 
of intrenching at Rappahannock Station. Horse grazing and two 
army wagons are near Little Washington. 

[29.1 TAYLOR. 

Watery Mountain Signai. Station, 

October 37, 1863—5 p. m. 
Captain Norton: 

No change seen in enemy's camps. Camp smokes very dense in 
vicinity of Stevensburg and Brandy Station, extending nearer Oul- 
peper than heretofore. Dense line of smokes below Rappahannock 
Station about opposite Kelly's Ford. 
[29.] TAYLOR. 

Headquarters Army of the Potomac, 

October 29, 1863. 
Major-General Newton : 

The major-general commanding directs that you send a brigade to 
Kettle Run bridge to guard and that you guard the railroad as far as 
Catlett's Station. Headquarters will be to-morrow near Three-Mile 
Station, Warren ton Branch Railroad. 

A. A. HUMPHREYS, 
[29.] Major-General and Chief of Staff. 



Circular.] Headquarters Third Army Corps, 

Catletfs, October 29, 1863. 

The troops of this corps will be under arms ready to march to-morrow 
morning, October 30, in the following order: First Division will march 
at 7 o'clock precisely; Third Division will follow the First; Second 
Division will follow the Third. Each division will be accompanied by 
a battery. The Reserve Artillery, ammunition, ambulance, and supply 
trains will follow the movement, and take such position in the rear as 
may be hereafter assigned to them. The commanding ofiQcer of the 
Second Division will detail one brigade with instructions to remain and 
guard the depot at Catlett's Station, Cedar Run bridge, and the rail- 
road from Catlett's to Warrenton Junction. The working parties will 
remain on the railroad. 

By command of Major-General French: 

O. H. HART, 

129.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Special Orders, ) War Dept., Adjt. General's Office, 

No. 484. ] Washington, October 30, 1863. 

6 Brig. Gen. John Gibbon, U. S. Volunteers, will proceed without 
delay to Cleveland, Ohio, and assume command of the depot for drafted 
men at that place. 

# « » # # * » 

By order of the Secretary of War : 

E. D. TOWNSEND, 

[29.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 



1112 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXHI. 

Circular.] Headquakters Third Army Corps, 

Catletfs, October 30, 1863. 

The First Division will inarch at 7 a. m. and take position at War- 
rentou Junction, on Licking Run Heights, right resting upon or near 
the railroad. The Third Division will form the center of the line, taking 
position on the left of the First Division. The Second Division will 
take position on the left of the Third Division. 

The formation of the lines will be in each division as follows: First 
line deployed, brigade front; Second and Third Brigades, in battalions 
at half distance, taking deploying intervals. 

By command of Major-General French : 

O. H. HART, 

[29.] Assistant Adjutant-General. 



Watery Mountain Signal Station, 

October 31, 1863—12 m. 
Captain Norton: 

Very clear atmosphere. No change whatever in position of enemy. 
Camp smokes below Rappahannock Station the same. 

TAYLOR, 
[29.1 



October 31, 1863—2 p. m. 
Captain Taylor: 

Can you see any indications of the enemy at the following points: 
Amissville, Jefi'erson opposite Freeman's Ford, Rixeyville, Rappahan- 
nock Station, Stevensburg, Culpeper CourtHonse, Brandy Station, and 
Kelly's Ford? Answer carefully. Your dispatch was received. 

NORTON, 

[29,] Captain. 

Watery Mountain Signal Station, 

October 31, 1863. 
Captain N[orton]: 

Your message was received. I see no indications of any force of 
enemy at Amissville, Jefi'erson, Rixeyville, or Freeman's Ford, Camp 
smoke at Rappahannock Station and vicinity Kelly's Ford. Large 
camps can plainly be seen near Brandy Station and between Aesthain 
River and the railroad line. Camps es|tablished] on Mountain Creek 
in front Pony Mountain. Cannot see Stevensburg on account smoke 
intervening. Enemy has signal stations ou Pouy Mountain and near 
Rappahannock Station, 

T[AYL0R1, 

[29. 1 Hignal Officer. 

Headquarters Signal Station, 

November 1, 1863. 
Captain Norton: 

Too smoky to-day for observation in direction of enemy. Camp 
smokes appear diminished at this time at vicinity indicated and are 
unusually heavy around Pony Mountain. 

[29.] TAYLOR. 



Chap. LXIII.] COKRESPONDENCE, ETC. UNION. 1113 

Watery Mountain Signal Station, 

November 2, 1863 — 4 p. m. 
Captain Norton: 

Enemy's camp smokes still appear the same. Tbe atmosphere still 
continues too thick to observe any slight change. 

TAYLOK. 

[29.] 

Headquarters Signal Station, 

November 3, 1863—12.30 p. m. 
Captain Taylor: 

Report to me in future twice a day — forenoon and afternoon. Do you 
observe any change in the enemy's camps ? 

NORTON. 

[^9-J 

Watery Mountain Signal Station, 

November 5, 1863 — 1 p. m. 
Captain Norton: 

Not clear enough to see enemy's camps. No other change observed 
in camp smokes than that they are thicker about Culpeper. 

TAYLOR. 

[29.] 

Watery Mountain Signal Station, 

November 3, 1863 — 5 p. m. 
Captain Norton: 

Excellent view this p. m. Enemy's camps and wagons north of and 
along the line of railroad between Brandy Station and Culpeper very 
distinct. See no change whatever since last good view. Five regi- 
ments seen drilling near camps. Two wall tents and four wagons in 
woods on hill between Gaines' Cross-Roads and Flint Hill, and cavalry 
lookout post upon Jobbers' Mountain. Squadron cavalry on field in 
fipont of tents aud wagons, and smokes rising from behind hill, 

TAYLOR, 
[29.J Captain and Signal Officer. 

Gregg's Signal Station, 
November 3, 1863—11.40 a. m. 
Colonel Smith: 

All quiet. A scout sent last night to Orleans and Salem could find 
nothing of the enemy. 

D. MoM. GREGG. 
129.] 

Cavalry Corps Signal Station, 

November 3, 1863—12 m. 
Col. C. R. Smith: 

Colonel Jones, commanding pickets near Waterloo, reports hearing 
drums distinctly across the river. A lookout is ordered to be kept on 
our right. Although such is the colonel's report, he may be mistaken, 

D. McM. GREGG, 
[29.] 



1114 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXHI. 

Wilson's Signal Station, 

November 3, 1863 — 9 j). m. 
Col. C.K. Smith: 

All quiet. Colonel Gregg reports infantry pickets opposite Beverly 
Ford. 

[29.1 D. McM. GREGG. 



Watery Mountain Signal Station, 

November 4, 1863 — 9 a. m. 
Captain Norton: 

Enemy's camps easily traced this a. m. by smokes settled over them. 
One line of smoke north of railroad, stretching from point in front 
Brandy Station along Muddy Run to Warrentou and Culpeper road. 
Another line little south of railroad, extending from Brandy Station to 
near Pony Mountain. A third line below Rappahannock Station, 
stretching toward Stevensburg, which, with small smokes at Rappa- 
hannock Station, comprise all that are visible from this point. At 8 
a. m. a train of five wagons seen going into Chester Gap. 

[29.J TAYLOR. 



Wateey Mountain Signal Station, 

November 4, 1863. 
Captain Norton: 

Enemy's camp smokes remain the same. Lieutenant reports nothing 
new and no change this p. m. 

[29.] TAYLOR. 



Sixth Corps Signal Station, 

November 4, 1863. 
General Gregg: 

Is there a mistake in reporting infantry pickets at Beverly Ford? 
Infantry pickets have been in front of Beverly Ford all along. Were 
the pickets this side of the river, or was it some other ford? Please 
answer as soon as possible. 

[29.J C. R. SMITH. 

Gregg's Signal Station, 
November 4, 1863 — 12.45 v. m. 
Col. C. R. Smith: 

The infantry pickets are on the other side of the river at Beverly 
Ford. It was intended to convey the idea that the infantry had not 
left there. 

[29.] D. McM. GREGG. 

Watery Mountain Signal Station, 

November 5, 1863 — 10 a. m. 
Captain Norton: 

Too smoky this a. m. to see anything south of Rappahannock. 
Southerly wind drives smoke this way, filling the valley. 
[29.] TAYLOR. 



CHAP.LXm.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 1115 

Watery Mountain Signal Station, 

November 5, 1863 — 5 p. m. 
Captain Norton: 

Enemy's camps visible tbis p. m. See no change. Tents, wagons, 
and smokes reported between Ciaines' Cross-Eoads and Flint Hill have 
disappeared. 

P. A. TAYLOR, 

1 29.] Captain and Signal Officer. 



Cavalry Corps Signal Station, 

November 5, 1863. 
Col. C. E. Smith: 

All quiet. Ko change here. 

[29.1 GREGG. 



CiRouLAK.] Headquarters First Army Corps, 

November 5, 1863. 

The First and Second Divisions and artillery will move at once to 
Catlett's in the following order: Second Division, artillery, First Divis- 
ion. The Third Division will guard the railroad from Manassas to 
Warrenton Junction, as follows: One brigade at Bristoe; one at War- 
ren ton Junction to protect that depot; the other brigade will be dis- 
tributed to guard the bridge over Cedar Enn and Kettle Eun. The 
small bridges and culverts must be guarded by detachments. The road 
from Manassas to Warrenton Junction must in addition be patrolled, if 
it is practicable, with the force assigned to the duty of protecting the 
road. The ambulances and trains of the two divisions and artillery 
will move in the rear of the column, ambulances leading. Pickets will 
be withdrawn at once and the detachments along the road taken up as 
the column passes, but without waiting for them. 

By command of Major-General Newton : 

C. KINGSBUEY, Jr., 

[29.] Lieutenant- Colonel and Assistant Adjutant- Oeneral. 



Special Orders, ) Hdqes. Army op the Potomac, 

No. 288. J November 6, 1863. 

• ****** 

3. Brig. Gen. J. J. Bartlett, U. S. Volunteers, is assigned temporarily 
to duty with the Fifth Army Corps, and will report to the corps com- 
mander early to-morrow morning. 

By command of Major-General Meade : 

S. WILLIAMS, 

[29.] Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Watery Mountain Signal Station, 

November 6, 1863 — 9 a. m. 
Captain Norton : 

A movement of enemy now going on. Seventy wagons and two 
regiments of cavalry have passed a point about two miles and a half 
southwest from Jefferson coming toward that place. More are coming. 
No change in enemy's camps heretofore reported. 

[29.1 TAYLOE. 



1116 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXIH. 

Watery Mountain Signal Station, 

November 6, 1863 — 10 a. m. 
Captain Norton : 

Trains and cavalry have all passed. Only one more regiment seen. 
The whole disappeared behind woods beyond and near Jefferson. Five 
wagons near Sandy Hook moving in direction Gaines' Cross-Roads. 

P. A. TAYLOR, 
[29.] Captain and Signal Officer. 

Watery Mountain Signal Station, 

Novetnber 6, 1863 — 11 a. m. 
Captain jSTorton : 

Large smokes have just sprung up from behind woods near Rixey- 
ville Ford, No change whatever in camps and camp smokes heretofore 
reported. Had good view of them this a. m. 

[29.] TAYLOR. 

Watery Mountain Signal Station, 

November 6, 1863 — 5 p. m. 
Captain Norton: 

No change discovered since morning report. Enemy's smokes very 
heavy about Stevensburg. Large columns smokes seen this p. m. 
south-southeast from this mountain, distant forty miles or more. 

P. A. TAYLOR, 
[29.] Captain and Signal Officer. 



Headquarters Signal Station, 

November 6, 1803 — 8 j). m. 
Captain Taylor: 

To-morrow morning we move to a point just halfway between Beale- 
ton and Morrisville. Look for our iiag there or near Bealeton. You 
will remain on the mountain until further orders. General Sedgwick's 
guard will stay with you until one is sent you by General Buford. 
[29.] NORTON. 



Watery Mountain Signal Station, 

November (i, 1863 — 8.15 p. m. 
Captain Norton: 

Communication between this and the point yon mention will be very 
uncertain. 

[29.] TAYLOR. 



Sixth Corps Signal Station, 

November 6, 1863 — 11,45 a. ni. 
General Gregg: 

It is reported that two regiments of enemy's cavalry are moving 
toward Jefferson and more following. The general wishes you to find 
out if there is a movement of the enemy in that direction and send 
word in. 

C. R. SMITH, 
[29.] Chief of Staff. 



Chap. LXin.] CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. — UNION. 1117 

Gregg's Signal Station, 
November 6, 1863— 1:3.40 p. m. 
Col. 0. E. Smith: 

All quiet. 

[29.] D. McM. GREGG. 



Sixth Corps Signal Station, 

November 6, 1863 — 5.45 p. m. 
Geueral Gregg : 

Tlie general commandiDg directs that you send a sufficient force, on 
receipt of this, to relieve Sedgwick's infantry at Watery Mountain, 
this detacbment to remain there to protect the signal station until 
relieved by General Buford. 

C. R. SMITH, 

[29.] Chief of Staff. 



Gregg's Signal Station, 
November 0, 1863 — 8.40 p. m. 
Col. C. R. Smith: 

Colonel Gregg reports considerable firing on his pickets near Beverly 
Ford. All tents in sight on the other side have been struck, and 
unusually large columns of smoke seen in woods opposite. 

D. McM. GREGG. 
[29.] 



Sixth Corps Signal Station, 

November 6, 1863— 9.10 p. m. 
General D. McM. Gregg: 

Did you receive my dispatch as regards further movements? Orders 
will be sent up by an aide to morrow a. m. 

C. R. SMITH. 
[29.] 

Cavalry Corps Signal Station, 

November 6, 1863. 
Colonel Smith: 

Your dispatch concerning movements not received. Colonel Gregg 
reports the movement of a brigade of rebel infantry back from Beverly 
Ford. Infantry pickets still at the lord. 

GREGG. 



[29. 1 

Cavalry Corps Signal Station, 

November 6, 1863. 
Col. C. R. Smith: 

Geueral Sedgwick sends me word that he moves at daylight. Will 
any troops move to Warrentou ? It is important that I should have 
some information, and if no other troops are coming, make some other 
disposition in that direction. 

roQ 1 GREGG. 



1118 MD., E. N. C, PA., VA., EXCEPT S. W., & W. VA. [Chap. LXni. 

Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, 

November 7, 1863 — 1 p. m. 
Brigadier-General Crawford, 

Commanding Third Division ; 
General : lu a short time, say three-quarters of an hour, the line 
will move to the front. In the first line two brigades of the First 
Division will be on the right, resting on the railroad, oue brigade of Ayres 
connecting with Bartlett on the same line and one brigade of Crawford 
on the same line connecting with Ayres. The second line will be com- 
posed of the other brigades of the three divisions, and be about 400 
yards in rear. Three batteries will move in rear of the First Division 
and three in rear of the Third, all ready to move to the front when 
wanted. The lines will be governed in their movement from the right. 
The battalions will move forward in division columns, ready to deploy 
before coming under fire. Division commanders must themselves judge 
of the time to make the deployment. Silence, regularity, and absence 
of confusion must be preserved. A bugle sounded from the right and 
taken up by the other commands will be the signal for the advance. 

GEO. SYKES, 
Major- General, Commanding. 

(Same to Generals Ayres and Bartlett.) 
[29.J 



November 7, 1863—10.15 p. m. 
General Humphreys: 

Generax,: Norman's Ford is understood to